US2850162A - Separators for pneumatically conveyed aggregate goods - Google Patents

Separators for pneumatically conveyed aggregate goods Download PDF

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Publication number
US2850162A
US2850162A US52760055A US2850162A US 2850162 A US2850162 A US 2850162A US 52760055 A US52760055 A US 52760055A US 2850162 A US2850162 A US 2850162A
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goods
chamber
air
duct
aggregate
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Widmer Emil
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Gebr BUHLER
Buehler AG
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Buehler AG
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B07SEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS; SORTING
    • B07BSEPERATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS BY SIEVING, SCREENING, OR SIFTING OR BY USING GAS CURRENTS; OTHER SEPARATING BY DRY METHODS APPLICABLE TO BULK MATERIAL, e.g. LOOSE ARTICLES FIT TO BE HANDLED LIKE BULK MATERIAL
    • B07B7/00Selective separation of solid materials carried by, or dispersed in, gas currents
    • B07B7/04Selective separation of solid materials carried by, or dispersed in, gas currents by impingement against baffle separators

Description

E. WIDMER Sept. 2, 1958 SEPARATORS FOR PNEUMATICALLY CONVEYED AGGREGATE GOODS Filed Aug. 10, 1955 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 INVENTOR E/V/L h//DME/ BY@ g ATTORN EY Sept. 2, 1958 E. WIDMER 2,850,162

sEPARAToRs FORKPNEUMATIGALLY coNvEYED AGGREGATE Goons Filed Aug. 1o. 1955 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 '7 l j 53 I 5% dner INVENTOR 'mz W United Sw@ Patent Ofi-@ Patented Sept. 2, 1958 2,850,162 sEPARAToRs FoR PNEUMATICALLY coNvEYED AGGREGATE GooDs EmilY Widmer, Uzwil, Switzerland, assignor to Gebruder Buhler, Uzwil, Switzerland Application August 10, 1955, Serial No. 527,600

Claims priority, application Switzerland August 11, 1954 8 Claims. (Cl. 209-134) This invention relates to separators, and more particularly to separators `for pneumatically conveyed aggregate goods wherein the goodsare cleaned and sorted by .the conveying medium.

Recent types of separators for cleaning and sorting pneumatically conveyed goods, such as grains or powdery substances, are based on the recognition that it is particularly advantageous toclean and sort the conveyed goods in a single step by means of air, to wit: by employing the principle of air sifting.- The more economical systems use the conveying medium for cleaning and sorting of goods. In known devices of this character, the aggregate goods are separated from the air by means of an impact separator and thereupon. permitted to descend as a thin veil from a chamber, and the conveying mediuml is guided ltherethrough to carry away the lighter components, such as dust, chaf, etc., thereby cleaning the goods and sorting the diverse components according l goods, these foreign particles again `adhere to the larger grains and are not carriedaway by' the conveying me- The present inventionrepresents an improvement over such prioi separators in that it provides a labyrinth system in'which the impurities `retained from the conveying step are separated from the conveying medium, and the clean conveying medium is then reintroduced through the separated aggregate goods to remove the remaining impurities therefrom.

The invention also provides a system in which the conveyed, separated and partially cleaned goods descend in a chamber with a mobile bottom wall to form a narrow aperture, and the goods, descending therethrough in a thin veil, are again subjected to the meanwhile purified conveying medium to remove the remaining impurities therefrom. t

The invention further provides a system wherein the velocity of the conveying medium may be controlled by varying the cross-sectional area of the duct leading to the exhaust opening of the separator.

Still further, the invention provides a system wherein a bailie is installed below the impact separator to facilitate the sorting of separatedgoods and the removal of lighter impurities by the conveying medium.

An additional feature of the novel separator is in the provision of a dust collecting device at the exit end of the aspirating opening for removal of impurities and other lighter matter from the conveying medium.

The novel separator consists essentially of an airtight housing with an inlet for the conveying medium carrying the aggregate goods about to be cleaned and sorted in the separator, an impact separator chamber with a dellecting device and preferably a baffle member in stalled therein, the bottom of the chamber being pivotally attached to provide an elongated opening for passage of partially cleaned and sorted goods in a thin veil, a duct leading from the chamber with an arcuate portion and an adjustable passage therein. The conveying medium, usually and hereinafter referred to as air, carrying lighter impurities from the impact separator chamber, passes through the arcuate portion of the duct and the impurities following the outer peripheral wall thereof by centrifugal force enter the passage provided therein and are led through a conduit to the aspirating opening of the separator. The cleaned air is then introduced through the thin veil of goods descending from the chamber to removeany remaining impurities and undesirable lighter matter therefrom. Before entering the aspiration opening, the air is led through a duct portion whose cross-sectional area may be controlled to regulate the velocity of air.

Other features and advantages of the novel separato will be pointed out in the course of the following detailed description of one at this time preferred embodiment which is illustrated in the accompanying drawing, and the invention will be linally pointed out in the appended claims.

In the drawing, v Fig. l is a vertical section through the separator; and Fig. 2 is a somewhat Vschematic illustration of the device shown in Fig. l combined with a dust cyclone and a blower. In Fig. l, the illustrated separator 33, which is shown in vertical section, includes an inlet 1 leading into the impact separator' chamber 3 with a deilector plate 2 in the path of goods 21, and a pivotable'plate 5 as the bottom member of said chamber. Wall 7a of duct 7 is inwardly curved at its lower end 4 to form a simple bafe for goods 21 rebounding'on plate 2. As illustrated, the heavier and larger particles carried by the air through inlet 1 rebound on plate 2 and are separated from the air in chamber 2 by descending onto the mobile bottom 5 which yields under a predetermined weight to form an elongated slot 6 between its free end and the lower extremity of wall'7b of duct 7. The air follows the route indicated by continuous arrow 22 and passies through the whirled goods 21 below member 4 before entering vertical duct 7, whose portion 11 is arcuate,

carrying with it line impurities 23, such as dust and chaff, which impurities by centrifugal force concentrate along the outer peripheral wall of the arcuate duct portion 11 to be absorbed into exhaust channel 13 through an adjustable passage 12, and to be thereupon aspirated through opening 10 by a blower 31 (see Fig. 2) or any other suitable device. As indicated, passage 12 is adjustable by moving ap 16 by means of a screw and hand wheel 17. The mass of air, now free from impurities 23, enters the left-hand vertical portion of channel 7 formed by walls 7c and 7d and passes below member S through veil 8 of goods 21 descending through aperture 6 to be deposited in the bottom of the separator 33. Any remaining lighter matter is removed from the veil 8 of goods 21 and is carried away by the air through duct 9 and exhaust opening 10. The cross-sectional area of duct 9 may be varied by screw and hand wheel 19 moving members 14 and 15, as indicated in dotted lines, to control the velocity of the air. An air lock 18 seals the separator and serves for removal of cleaned and sorted goods 21. A dust collector, such as a cyclone 34 (see Fig. 2), maybe placed behind the aspiration opening 10.

It will be understood that the passage 12 may be provided at any point of the arcuate portion 11 of duct 7. Also, a diiferent eddying device may be substituted deposited on plate -5, or a 'permanent slot 6 may be provided between members 5 and' 7 b. the baflle4 maybeomitted entirely.

In the latter case,

The sucking passage 12 should belarge enough to :allow removal of all the impurities 23 therethrough and into channel 13. On the other hand, `this passage 12 should berelatively small as compared with the` cross- -sectional area of duct 7 in order to introduce a large lquantity of purified air through the veil 8 of goods 21.

In Fig. 2, conveying line 32, communicating with inlet r1 of the separator 33, aspirates the goods 21 directly from heap 37 through its intake 35. Adjacent to exhaust opening 10 is a dust cyclone 34 which is also connected to a blower 31 having an outlet 36. Blower 31 generates an underpressure in the system formed by the `conveying line 32, separator 33 andthe cyclone 34 causing the flow of air into intake 35 of line 32 and its escape through the outlet 36 of blower 31. Theflowing air takes up -the goods 21 from heap 37and leads the 'material into separator 33 wherefrom the normal parvticles are discharged Vthrough the air lock 18. Smaller nimpurities flow through outlet 10 of separator 33 into the dust cyclone 34 to be separated from the conveying air and discharged through the air lock 38. Thus, the conveying air escaping through outlet'36 of blower 31 `is clean.

As various changes and modifications in the details of construction, arrangementof parts and substitution of similar or equivalent elements may occur to persons skilled in the art, I do not desire to be limited to the exact details of the device shown and described, but only by the scope of the appended claims.

What is claimed is:

1. In a device for cleaning and sorting pneumatically conveyed aggregate goods havinga housing, an inlet Aand-an aspiration opening: an impact separator chamber,

a deecting member in said chamber in the path of pneumatically conveyed goods entering through said in- `let opening, said chamber having an elongated aperture substantially in the bottom portion thereof for descent `of aggregate goods separated from the conveying medium, a labyrinth duct for the conveying medium in said housing communicating with said chamber between said de- -flecting member andsaid aperture, said -duct thereupon extending around said chamber and below said aperture and terminating at said aspiration opening, and means for separating impurities from the conveying medium in said duct in advance ofthe passing of said duct below `said aperture in saidchamber.

2.A device according to claim 1, further including means for varying said aperture in said chamber.

3. A device according to claim 1, wherein said chamber has a bottom wall, vmeans pivotally connecting said bottom wall with said chamber and resilient means for urging said bottom wall against said chamber whereby to control said aperture in said chamber.

4. A device according-to claim 1, wherein said duct includes an arcuate portion in advance of its passing below said aperture in said chamber, said arcuate portion having an aspirating passage in the outer peripheral wall thereof, and a conduit Vis provided for connectingsaid aspiratingpassage with' said aspiration opening.

5. A device-according to claim 4, further including means for varying said aspirating passage insaid arcuate portion ofsaid duct.

6. A deviceaccording to claim 1, further including a -bafe'member in said chamber below said deflecting'mem- -ber and above the communication of said duct withl said chamber, said baffle member being in the path of con- -veyed goods descending' from said deflecting member to- :ward said aperturefor-eddying same, whereby the conveying medium entering said duct removes lighter matter itherefrom.

7. Adevice according to claim 1,4 further including au air lock Yin thebottom of saidhousing -for removal of Vconveyed and cleaned-goodsrfrom saidhousing .8. `A device according' to claiml 1, further including a dust separating device for the cleaning medium in the proximity of Vsaid aspiration opening.

.References Cited inithetile of this patent UNITED STATES'PATENTS

US2850162A 1954-08-11 1955-08-10 Separators for pneumatically conveyed aggregate goods Expired - Lifetime US2850162A (en)

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Cited By (21)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3010579A (en) * 1959-08-17 1961-11-28 Duesling Clarence Lehi Mineral desliming concentrating and separating apparatus
US3087615A (en) * 1960-04-15 1963-04-30 Pangborn Corp Air separator
US3404776A (en) * 1966-08-10 1968-10-08 Myers Sherman Co Apparatus for collecting loose materials in a portable collector
US3426893A (en) * 1967-04-18 1969-02-11 Kennedy Van Saun Co Method and apparatus for classifying finely-divided solids carried in a gas stream
US3441134A (en) * 1965-10-20 1969-04-29 Buehler Ag Geb Pneumatic separator and bulk solids feeder
US3792573A (en) * 1972-04-06 1974-02-19 L Borsheim Air cleaning structure
DE2904093A1 (en) * 1979-02-03 1980-08-07 Schlick Kg Heinrich Centrifugal shot-blast unit for ship's hull - catches rebounding particles, removes dust in cyclone and returns blast particles for reuse
US4364823A (en) * 1981-02-09 1982-12-21 Goff James R Apparatus for separating abrasive blasting media from debris
US4394256A (en) * 1981-02-09 1983-07-19 Goff James R Apparatus for separating abrasive blasting media from debris
US4728109A (en) * 1984-06-01 1988-03-01 Impresa Costruzioni Soc. FRA. SA. S.r.l. Ballistic projectile-arrester, having a regeneration and/or recovery system for the impact material
US4988373A (en) * 1989-06-01 1991-01-29 Marzoli Pietro B Impurity separator for cleaning staple cotton
US5085765A (en) * 1989-05-22 1992-02-04 Impresa Costruzioni Soc. Fra. S.a.r.l. Conveying and separation unit for ballistic projectile arresters
US5090162A (en) * 1990-06-13 1992-02-25 Nelson Robert T Surface treating apparatus
US5142831A (en) * 1991-01-28 1992-09-01 Nelson Robert T Apparatus for treating cornered surfaces
US5184730A (en) * 1989-09-05 1993-02-09 Fuller Company Method and apparatus using feed conveying fluid blending the feed and/or separating debris from the feed
US5205084A (en) * 1992-01-23 1993-04-27 Nelco Manufacturing Corporation Flat-walled apparatus and housing for treating horizontal surfaces
US5261192A (en) * 1992-02-14 1993-11-16 Nelco Manufacturing Corp. Surface cleaning apparatus
US5291697A (en) * 1992-06-11 1994-03-08 Nelco Acquisition Corporation Surface abrading machine having transverse oscilliation
WO1994016995A1 (en) * 1993-01-19 1994-08-04 Cabot Corporation Fine particle classifier
US20050155912A1 (en) * 2004-01-07 2005-07-21 Lawrence Carvagno In-line classifier for powdered products
US20130175377A1 (en) * 2011-06-22 2013-07-11 Frank J. Levy Apparatus and Process for Separating Carpet Fibers

Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US9261A (en) * 1852-09-14 Smut-machine
US300044A (en) * 1884-06-10 Peters
US458511A (en) * 1891-08-25 Middlings-purifier
US474354A (en) * 1892-05-10 Middlings-purifier
US827213A (en) * 1905-05-16 1906-07-31 Frank W Comstock Grain-cleaning machinery.
US1945771A (en) * 1930-11-27 1934-02-06 Formator Ab Device for the separating of stem parts from a tobacco mass
US1994610A (en) * 1930-05-22 1935-03-19 Pangborn Corp Abrasive separating and cleaning apparatus

Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US9261A (en) * 1852-09-14 Smut-machine
US300044A (en) * 1884-06-10 Peters
US458511A (en) * 1891-08-25 Middlings-purifier
US474354A (en) * 1892-05-10 Middlings-purifier
US827213A (en) * 1905-05-16 1906-07-31 Frank W Comstock Grain-cleaning machinery.
US1994610A (en) * 1930-05-22 1935-03-19 Pangborn Corp Abrasive separating and cleaning apparatus
US1945771A (en) * 1930-11-27 1934-02-06 Formator Ab Device for the separating of stem parts from a tobacco mass

Cited By (27)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3010579A (en) * 1959-08-17 1961-11-28 Duesling Clarence Lehi Mineral desliming concentrating and separating apparatus
US3087615A (en) * 1960-04-15 1963-04-30 Pangborn Corp Air separator
US3441134A (en) * 1965-10-20 1969-04-29 Buehler Ag Geb Pneumatic separator and bulk solids feeder
US3404776A (en) * 1966-08-10 1968-10-08 Myers Sherman Co Apparatus for collecting loose materials in a portable collector
US3426893A (en) * 1967-04-18 1969-02-11 Kennedy Van Saun Co Method and apparatus for classifying finely-divided solids carried in a gas stream
US3792573A (en) * 1972-04-06 1974-02-19 L Borsheim Air cleaning structure
US3907529A (en) * 1972-04-06 1975-09-23 Lewis A Borsheim Air cleaning structure
DE2904093A1 (en) * 1979-02-03 1980-08-07 Schlick Kg Heinrich Centrifugal shot-blast unit for ship's hull - catches rebounding particles, removes dust in cyclone and returns blast particles for reuse
US4364823A (en) * 1981-02-09 1982-12-21 Goff James R Apparatus for separating abrasive blasting media from debris
US4394256A (en) * 1981-02-09 1983-07-19 Goff James R Apparatus for separating abrasive blasting media from debris
US4728109A (en) * 1984-06-01 1988-03-01 Impresa Costruzioni Soc. FRA. SA. S.r.l. Ballistic projectile-arrester, having a regeneration and/or recovery system for the impact material
US5085765A (en) * 1989-05-22 1992-02-04 Impresa Costruzioni Soc. Fra. S.a.r.l. Conveying and separation unit for ballistic projectile arresters
US4988373A (en) * 1989-06-01 1991-01-29 Marzoli Pietro B Impurity separator for cleaning staple cotton
US5184730A (en) * 1989-09-05 1993-02-09 Fuller Company Method and apparatus using feed conveying fluid blending the feed and/or separating debris from the feed
US5090162A (en) * 1990-06-13 1992-02-25 Nelson Robert T Surface treating apparatus
US5142831A (en) * 1991-01-28 1992-09-01 Nelson Robert T Apparatus for treating cornered surfaces
US5205084A (en) * 1992-01-23 1993-04-27 Nelco Manufacturing Corporation Flat-walled apparatus and housing for treating horizontal surfaces
US5261192A (en) * 1992-02-14 1993-11-16 Nelco Manufacturing Corp. Surface cleaning apparatus
US5291697A (en) * 1992-06-11 1994-03-08 Nelco Acquisition Corporation Surface abrading machine having transverse oscilliation
WO1994016995A1 (en) * 1993-01-19 1994-08-04 Cabot Corporation Fine particle classifier
US5348163A (en) * 1993-01-19 1994-09-20 Cabot Corporation Method and apparatus for separating fine particles
EP0906891A2 (en) * 1993-01-19 1999-04-07 Cabot Corporation Fine particle classifier
EP0906891A3 (en) * 1993-01-19 2000-01-12 Cabot Corporation Fine particle classifier
US20050155912A1 (en) * 2004-01-07 2005-07-21 Lawrence Carvagno In-line classifier for powdered products
US7267233B2 (en) * 2004-01-07 2007-09-11 Eastman Chemical Company In-line classifier for powdered products
US20130175377A1 (en) * 2011-06-22 2013-07-11 Frank J. Levy Apparatus and Process for Separating Carpet Fibers
US8794552B2 (en) * 2011-06-22 2014-08-05 Frank J. Levy Apparatus and process for separating carpet fibers

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