US2848810A - Long nose cutting pliers - Google Patents

Long nose cutting pliers Download PDF

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Publication number
US2848810A
US2848810A US672085A US67208557A US2848810A US 2848810 A US2848810 A US 2848810A US 672085 A US672085 A US 672085A US 67208557 A US67208557 A US 67208557A US 2848810 A US2848810 A US 2848810A
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Prior art keywords
jaw
edge
shearing
blade
pliers
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US672085A
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Walter F Wendt
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Mathias Klein & Sons
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Mathias Klein & Sons
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23DPLANING; SLOTTING; SHEARING; BROACHING; SAWING; FILING; SCRAPING; LIKE OPERATIONS FOR WORKING METAL BY REMOVING MATERIAL, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23D29/00Hand-held metal-shearing or metal-cutting devices
    • B23D29/02Hand-operated metal-shearing devices
    • B23D29/023Hand-operated metal-shearing devices for cutting wires

Description

INVENTOR. ZflalZizl T Zl/erzalf 6, 1958 w. F. WENDT LONG NOSE CUTTING PLIERS Filed July 15, 1957 2,8483% Patented Aug. 26, 1958 LGNG NGSE CUTTING Walter F. Wendi, hicago, '31., assignor to Mathias Klein & Sons, Chicago, 112., a corporation of Honors Application duly 15, 1957, eriai No. 672,985
3 Claims. (:Ci. 30-261) The present invention relates to side cutting pliers suited to cut, bend, and otherwise handle wires of small diameter.
One object of the invention is to provide improved side cutting pliers well adapted for gripping and bending wire or" various sizes and having an extraordinarily durable capacity to efficiently cut wire of small diameter, even extremely fine wire formed of very hard materials.
Another object is to provide improved side cutting pliers in which the wire cutting capabilities recited in the previous object are provided with undiminished effectiveness over an extended service life in conjunction with a capability of the pliers to freely open and close through an angular range of movement at least equal to that of conventional pliers of a similar style.
Other objects and advantages will become apparent from the following description of the exemplary form of the invention shown in the drawings, in which:
Figure 1 is a side view of pliers forming the exemplary embodiment of the invention;
Fig. 2 is a top view of the pliers shown in Fig. 1;
Fig. 3 is a fragmentary side view showing the pliers in open position;
Fig. 4 is a fragmentary side view showing the pliers in an intermediate position illustrating the orientation of the shearing edges relative to each other;
Fig. 5 is a transverse sectional view taken along the line 55 of Fig. 3; 1
Fig. 6 is a view similar to Fig. 5 but showing the pliers in closed position;
Fig. 7 is a sectional view similar to Fig. 6 but showing a modification of the plier structure; and
Fig. 8 is a sectional view similar to Fig. 6 but showing a second modification of the plier structure.
Designed specifically to handle small wires, such as those used in electronic circuits, the improved pliers 10 forming the exemplary embodiment of the invention comprise a pair of elongated levers 12, 14 disposed in crossing relation to each other, as shown in Fig. l. The intermediate longitudinal portion of each lever that crosses the other lever forms a lever hinge section which is pivotally connected to a similar hinge section on the other lever. As viewed from one longitudinal side of the pliers, Fig. 2, each of the hinge sections 16, 18 of the respective levers i2, is sharply relieved at one side to accommodate and fit flat against the other hinge section. A pivot pin 2d fixedly anchored in the hinge section 16 extends through the other hinge section 13 to define with the latter a hinge axis, indicated by the clot 22, about which the two levers 12 and 14 swing in relation to each other.
The levers 12, M are operated by two opposed handles 24, 26 formed by the portions of the respective levers which extend in one direction from the lever hinge sections 16, 18.
The opposite ends of the levers 12, 14 form two jaws 23, 3t) projecting in Opposing relation to each other from the two lever hinge sections l6, 18. The jaws 23,
343 are elongated and shaped as shown to form two flat, yet serrated, gripper surfaces 32, 34 opposing each other in substantially parallel relation to the hinge axis 22 and extending with a gradually tapering width out to the extreme ends of the jaws.
Extremely efficient cutting by the pliers 10 of small diameter wires, even very fine wires, and very hard wires, is provided in a manner which preserves the cutting efiiciency of the pliers undiminished over a long service life of hard usage.
The hinge section end of the jaw 28 is milled on one side to define a slightly recessed, flat surface 36 perpendicular to the hinge axis 22 and extending longitudinally along the jaw for a substantial distance. The longitudinal portion of the jaw 28 which defines the fiat surface 36 is milled away at the side facing the other jaw to define a concave surface 33, Figs. 5 and 6. The concave surface 38 intersects the flat surface 36 at an acute angle along a straight line to define at the intersection of the two surfaces a straight shearing edge 40 parallel to the adjacent gripper surface 32 and having a very substantial length along the jaw 28. In pliers designed to handle small wires, the shearing edge 4!) should be approximately one-half inch long or longer. A wire (not shown) which is to be cut to a desired length is placed across the shearing edge 40 and sheared off by a flat shearing blade 42 projecting from the jaw 30 in opposing relation to the shearing edge 4%.
The shearing blade 42 fits snugly into a shallow recess 44 milled into the hinge section end of the jaw 30. As shown in Fig. 5, the recess 44 has a flat base surface 46 substantially parallel to the jaw surface 36 but offset a very short distance inwardly of the jaw surface 36. More fundamentally stated, the orientation of the base surface 46 on the jaw 3a is such that upon closing of the jaws 28, 36 the plane of the base surface 46 intersects the opposing jaw 28 a very slight distance 48, Fig. 5, inwardly of the shearing edge 40.
The fiat blade 32 is fitted snugly into the recess 44 as stated and held firmly against the base surface 56 by a single screw 48 extending through the blade and threaded into the jaw 3t Thus supported, the blade 42 projects toward the jaw 28 in a direction such that the projecting end of the blade must be physically forced to one side to pass the shearing edge 40 upon closing of the jaws 23, 3%, Fig. 6.
The projecting end of the blade 42 is cut and beveled away from the plier jaws to form a straight shearing edge 5 extending along nearly the entire length of the jaw shearing edge 42 and having an orientation with respect to the latter edge such that the blade edge 50 is virtually parallel to the jaw edge if Fig. 4, when the shearing edges approach each other as the jaws 23, 3t swing together. This virtually parallel relationship between the two approaching shearing edges 4t}, 50 is achieved by orienting the two edges so that the distance 52 from the hinge axis 22 to the jaw edge 44 Figs. 3 and 4, measured perpendicularly to the jaw edge 4-0, is only slightly less than the distance 54 from the hinge axis to the blade edge 5ft, measured perpendicularly to the edge 50. This orientation of the shearing edges 46, 59 relative to each other also provides for slight overlapping of the blade 42 on the surface 36 when the jaws 28, 30 are fully closed, as shown in Figs. 1 and 6.
As shown in Fig. 3, the pliers iii are free to open through an angular range of opening movement which is at least equal to that of similarly styled, long nose pliers of conventional construction. It is noteworthly that opening of the pliers it) to the fully open position shown swings the entire length of the shearing edge 5% a very substantial distance away from the shearing edge at Yet, despite the offset mounting of the blade 42, which tends to swing the shearing edge 50 into interfering relation to the opposing jaw 28, smooth closing of the pliers is provided for by a tang 56 on the blade 42 which projects-from the hinge axis end. of the blade edge 56 jaw 28a to define a narrow flat surface 60 which interinto overlapping relation: to the'jaw surface 36. As
shown inFig. 3,the tang 56 has 'sufiicient length'to extend beyond the shearing edge fi'when the tool is in its fully open position.
Hence, upon closmg the pliers, the tang 56 rides across sects the surface 36 at a sharp angle to form a very sharp shearing edge 40 While I have shown a preferred embodiment of my invention, it will be apparent that variations and modifications thereof may be made without departing from the underlying principles and scope of the invention. I
, therefore desire, by the following claims, to include all the jaw surface 36 to forcibly guide the adjacent end of the blade edge 50 into crossing relation to jaw edge 40;"Fig; 4. At this time, and as closing the pliers continues, the resiliency of the blade 42 holds the blade edge firmly against the jaw edge 40 as the two edges shear-past each other; i
The firm sliding engagement of the two shearing edges 40,150, thus maintained'by the spring action of the stressed blade 42, provides for highly efiicient cutting of even extremely fine wire. There is no space between the adjacent portions of the two edges 40, 54 into which fine wire can bend rather than becut in two by the shearing edges. 7
Moreover, any wear on either the jaw surface 36 or the blade 42 due to frictional sliding of the blade on the jaw surface is fully compensated for by the tendency of the stressed blade toyswing the shearing edge 59 inwardly of the shearing edge 4 This resilient action of the blade also compensates fully for any wear on the pivotal support of the lever 12 on the hinge pin 20.
It will be appreciated that even though the coacting shearing edges 40, 50 are held firmly together as they slide across each other, neither edge is blunted by'its side engagement with the other edge. Hence, use of thepliers 10 dulls the shearing edges 4% 50 only to the extentthey are worn by engagement with the wires cut in the pliers.
The edge dulling eifect'which might otherwise result from wear of the shearing edges 40, Sil by wires cut in f the pliers is efiectively nullified by the fact that the wear-is distributed over the entirevlength of the rather long blade edge 50 and the corresponding portion of the jaw edge 40. This distribution of wear along the shearingedges ttl, 50 and the resulting capacity of the' tool to maintain its cutting efficiency undiminished overl r being cut against sliding along the edges applies even to wiresformed of very hard material.
Preferably, the tool is biased toward its open position by 'a compression springSS mounted between the hinge section ends of the twohandles 24, 26. i
A-modificatiori of the pliersis illustrated in Fig. 7, in which structural counterparts ofthe previously described plier structure shown in Figs. 1 to 6 are designated by the same reference numerals used in Fig. 6 but with the addition of the subscript l. The modified structure shown in Fig. 7 difiers from that previously described only in that the inner face of the jaw 28 is milled to define a flat surface 38 (rather than the concave surface 38, Fig. 6) intersecting the jaw surface 36 at an acute angle.
In Fig. 8, which shows another modification of the plier structure, similar structural elements are designated by the same reference numerals, but with the addition of the subscript 2. In this form, the concave surface38 is milled away at the shearing edge side of the;
such variations and modifications by which substantially the results of my invention may be obtained through the use of substantially the same or equivalent means.
I claim:
1. Long nose pliers comprising, in combination, two elongated levers each having an intermediate hinge section crossing the hinge section of the other lever, pivot means connecting said levers together at said hinge sections thereof to swing in relation to eachother about a predetermined hinge axis, one end of each'lever being shaped into a handle opposing the handle of the other lever, the end of each lever opposite from said handle thereon being shaped into a tapered plier jaw extending y from the hinge sectionof the lever, each jawdefining a generally fiat gripping surface opposing the gripping surface of the other jaw in substantially parallel relation to said hinge axis, one of said jaws defining on the'hinge section end thereof a first plane surface substantially perpendicular to said hinge axis and having a subtantial length along the jaw, said hinge section end of said one jaw defining a second surface facingithe other jaw and intersecting said first plane surface at a sharp angle to define therewith a straight she ring edge extending a substantial distance along said one jaw, said other jawdefining on the hinge section end thereof a substantially flat blade base surface generally parallel to said first surface on said one jaw, the plane of said base surface being oriented on said other jaw to intersect said second surface of said one jaw a very slight distance from said shearing edge when said jaws are swung together, a flat shearing blade fixed to said blade base surface to project therefrom into overlapping slidable engagement with said first surface of said one jaw upon swinging of said jaws together, the side of said blade projecting toward said one jaw defining a straight shearing edge nearly equal in length to said jaw shearing edge and oriented to have a virtually parallel relationship to said jaw shearing edge as the two edgesapproach each otherv upon closing of said jaws, and a tang on said blade projecting from the hinge section end of said, blade edge into overlapping relation with said first.
jaw surface to guide said blade shearing edge across said jaw shearing edge and having a length suflicient to remain in overlapping relation to said first jaw surface when said jaws are swung apart to completely separate said shearing edges from each other. r
' liers suited specifically for cutting and handling wires of small diameter and comprising, in combination,
two levers disposed in crossingrelation to each other and medially pivoted-together for hinging movement about a i common axis, said levers being shaped to define two opposed handles extending in one direction from said hinge axis and two opposed jaws extending in the opposite direction from said hinge axis, each of said jaws defining a wire gripping surface substantially parallel to said hinge axis and opposing the gripping surface of the other jaw,
, one of said jaws defining on one side thereof a shearsurface extending a substantial length along the jaw in gen erally perpendicular relation to said hinge axis, said one jawdefining a second. surface thereon facing the other jaw and intersecting said shear surface at a'sharp angle to define therewith a straight shearing edge extending a substantial distance along said one jaw,a resilient shearing blade fixedto said other jaw and projecting therefrom to extend "across said jaw shearing edge and have slidable overlapping engagement with said shearing surface when the jawsare swung together, and the projecting marginal edge of said blade which overlaps said shearing surface being shaped into a straight shearing edge extending substantially the full length of said jaw shearing edge and having a spacing from said hinge axis measured perpendicularly to the jaw shearing edge which is only very slightly greater than the spacing from said hinge axis of said jaw shearing edge measured perpendicularly to the latter edge thus providing a virtually parallel relationship between the blade shearing edge and the jaw shearing edge when the two are in crossing relation to each other.
3. Pliers suited specifically for cutting and handling wires of small diameter and comprising, in combination, two levers disposed in crossing relation to each other and medially pivoted together for hinging movement about a common axis, said levers being shaped to define two opposed handles extending in one direction from said hinge axis and two opposed jaws extending in the opposite direction from said hinge axis, each of said jaws defining on the projecting end thereof a wire gripping surface opposing the gripping surface of the other jaw, a longitudinal portion of one of said jaws on the hinge axis end thereof defining on one side of the jaw a shear surface extending a substantial distance along the jaw in generally perpendicular relation to said hinge axis, said longitudinal portion of said one jaw defining a second surface thereon facing the other jaw and intersecting said shear surface at a sharp angle to define therewith a straight shearing edge extending a substantial distance along said one jaw, a resilient shearing blade fixed to said other jaw and projecting therefrom to slidably overlap said shearing surface when the jaws are swung together, and the projecting marginal edge of said blade which overlaps said shearing surface being shaped to define a straight shearing edge extending substantially the full length of said jaw shearing edge and oriented to have a virtually parallel relation to said jaw shearing edge when the two are crossed by movement of said jaws toward each other, and a tang on said blade projecting from the hinge axis end of said blade shearing edge to overlap said shear surface of said first aw.
References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 74,827 Humann Feb. 25, 1868 456,966 Schweeters Aug. 4, 1891 1,231,103 Viertels June 26, 1917 2,097,735 Wrozinski Nov. 2, 1937
US672085A 1957-07-15 1957-07-15 Long nose cutting pliers Expired - Lifetime US2848810A (en)

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Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3151509A (en) * 1961-09-26 1964-10-06 Harry L Gormley Wire stripping tool having blades with aligning means
US3181181A (en) * 1962-08-17 1965-05-04 Parker Mfg Company Locking pliers with wire cutter
US4541312A (en) * 1981-03-06 1985-09-17 Petersen Manufacturing Co., Inc. Long nose locking plier
US4546680A (en) * 1982-03-02 1985-10-15 Petersen Manufacturing Co., Inc. Long nose locking pliers
US4709601A (en) * 1981-03-06 1987-12-01 Petersen Manufacturing Co., Inc. Long nose locking pliers
US20060130343A1 (en) * 2004-12-22 2006-06-22 Tom Simcoe Hand tool for musical instrument strings
US20080178707A1 (en) * 2007-01-25 2008-07-31 Mark Anthony Stevens Pliers for cutting and holding straps and the like
US20120272531A1 (en) * 2011-04-28 2012-11-01 Jordon David S Tool accommodating replaceable blade
US11027399B2 (en) 2015-04-02 2021-06-08 Milwaukee Electric Tool Corporation Hand tool such as a wire stripper or combination pliers

Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US74827A (en) * 1868-02-25 Improvement in button-hole cutters
US456966A (en) * 1891-08-04 Piano-pliers
US1231103A (en) * 1917-03-06 1917-06-26 Viero Company Inc Tip-fastener for shoe-laces.
US2097735A (en) * 1936-11-28 1937-11-02 Eugene J S Mrozinski Sewing machine tool

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US74827A (en) * 1868-02-25 Improvement in button-hole cutters
US456966A (en) * 1891-08-04 Piano-pliers
US1231103A (en) * 1917-03-06 1917-06-26 Viero Company Inc Tip-fastener for shoe-laces.
US2097735A (en) * 1936-11-28 1937-11-02 Eugene J S Mrozinski Sewing machine tool

Cited By (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3151509A (en) * 1961-09-26 1964-10-06 Harry L Gormley Wire stripping tool having blades with aligning means
US3181181A (en) * 1962-08-17 1965-05-04 Parker Mfg Company Locking pliers with wire cutter
US4541312A (en) * 1981-03-06 1985-09-17 Petersen Manufacturing Co., Inc. Long nose locking plier
US4709601A (en) * 1981-03-06 1987-12-01 Petersen Manufacturing Co., Inc. Long nose locking pliers
US4546680A (en) * 1982-03-02 1985-10-15 Petersen Manufacturing Co., Inc. Long nose locking pliers
US20060130343A1 (en) * 2004-12-22 2006-06-22 Tom Simcoe Hand tool for musical instrument strings
US20080178707A1 (en) * 2007-01-25 2008-07-31 Mark Anthony Stevens Pliers for cutting and holding straps and the like
US20120272531A1 (en) * 2011-04-28 2012-11-01 Jordon David S Tool accommodating replaceable blade
US8898911B2 (en) * 2011-04-28 2014-12-02 Itool Equipment Holding Llc Tool accommodating replaceable blade
US11027399B2 (en) 2015-04-02 2021-06-08 Milwaukee Electric Tool Corporation Hand tool such as a wire stripper or combination pliers

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