US2831483A - Disposable hypodermic syringe - Google Patents

Disposable hypodermic syringe Download PDF

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Publication number
US2831483A
US2831483A US59217356A US2831483A US 2831483 A US2831483 A US 2831483A US 59217356 A US59217356 A US 59217356A US 2831483 A US2831483 A US 2831483A
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Patent type
Prior art keywords
barrel
plunger
needle
end
cap
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
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Inventor
Lorenzo Joseph P De
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Lorenzo Joseph P De
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61MDEVICES FOR INTRODUCING MEDIA INTO, OR ONTO, THE BODY; DEVICES FOR TRANSDUCING BODY MEDIA OR FOR TAKING MEDIA FROM THE BODY; DEVICES FOR PRODUCING OR ENDING SLEEP OR STUPOR
    • A61M5/00Devices for bringing media into the body in a subcutaneous, intra-vascular or intramuscular way; Accessories therefor, e.g. filling or cleaning devices, arm-rests
    • A61M5/178Syringes
    • A61M5/28Syringe ampoules or carpules, i.e. ampoules or carpules provided with a needle
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61MDEVICES FOR INTRODUCING MEDIA INTO, OR ONTO, THE BODY; DEVICES FOR TRANSDUCING BODY MEDIA OR FOR TAKING MEDIA FROM THE BODY; DEVICES FOR PRODUCING OR ENDING SLEEP OR STUPOR
    • A61M5/00Devices for bringing media into the body in a subcutaneous, intra-vascular or intramuscular way; Accessories therefor, e.g. filling or cleaning devices, arm-rests
    • A61M5/178Syringes
    • A61M5/31Details
    • A61M2005/3103Leak prevention means for distal end of syringes, i.e. syringe end for mounting a needle
    • A61M2005/3107Leak prevention means for distal end of syringes, i.e. syringe end for mounting a needle for needles
    • A61M2005/3109Caps sealing the needle bore by use of, e.g. air-hardening adhesive, elastomer or epoxy resin

Description

April 22, 1958 J. P. DE LORENZO DISPOSABLE HYPODERMIC SYRINGE Filed June 18, 1956 kirk? dare 0b E De Zor 6/720 IN V EN TOR.

ATTOR/Vfy United States Patent The invention relates to a disposable hypodermic syringe, and it concerns more particularly a comparatively inexpensive hypodermic syringe which is capable of being used as a combined package and injector for a measured dosage of medication, and which may be used once only and thereafter discarded.

It is an object of the invention to provide a hypodermic syringe which may be formed substantially entirely of plastic materials, and which is comparatively indestructibleand is relatively inexpensive from the standpoint of its manufacturing cost as well as the expense of shipping and storing it.

Another object of the invention is to provide a hypodermic syringe which is capable of being used as a combined package and injector for a measured dosage of medication, and which is sterile and ready for immediate use, without need for sterilizing the syringe or for breaking or opening packages and introducing the desired dosage of medication into the syringe.

Another object of the invention is to provide a hypodermic syringe which is capable of being used as a combined package and injector, as above described, and which may be calibrated whereby a predetermined amount of medication may be removed therefrom, as desired, after which the syringe may be sealed to retain therein the unused portion of the medication.

Another object of the invention is to provide a combined package and injector which may be readily filled with medication while maintaining the medication sterile.

Another object of the invention is to provide, in combination with a hypodermic syringe capable of being used as a combined package and injector for a measured dosage of medication, and having a hypodermic needle attached thereto whereby the syringe is ready for instant use, cover means for the needle whereby the needle may be maintained sterile, and sealing means carried by the cover means for engagement with the point of the needle to prevent leakage therefrom.

A further object of the invention is to provide, in combination with a syringe having an elastic barrel and a plunger received within the barrel, and in which the outer surface of the barrel is tapered intermediate its ends, means surrounding the barrel and capable of slidably engaging the tapered outer surface thereof whereby the barrel is compressed about the plunger to form a fluid tight seal between the plunger and the barrel and to prevent the plunger from being pulled out of the barrel.

Another object of the invention is to'provide a syringe having an elastic barrel and a plunger received within the barrel, and in which the plunger is of slightly larger diameter than the inside diameter of the barrel whereby the barrel is capable of being expanded by the action of the plunger to thereby form a fluid tight seal between the barrel and the plunger.

The invention will be readily understood by referring to the following description and the accompanying drawing, in which:

Fig. 1 is a sectional view, taken on a median line, of

a disposable hypodermic syringe embodying the invenf tion;

Fig. 2 is an end view taken on the'line 2-2 of Fig.- 1; and I I Fig. 3 is a fragmentary sectional view, taken on a median line, of a modifiedform of'the invention."

Referring to Figs. 1 and 2 of the drawing, -a disposable hypodermic syringe is shown which includes an elas-I tic tubular barrel 1. The barrel 1 advantageously may' be made of plastic material and is open at one end,'which is flanged at 2. A hypodermic needle 3, which is aligned axially with the barrel 1, is connected at one end to the end of the barrel 1 opposite its open end'and is in' fluid communication with the interior-thereof. 'A tubular plunger 4 is received telescopicallywithin the barrel 1. The plunger 4 may be made of plastic material harder than the material of the barrel 1 and is-open at its outer end, which is flanged at'S. The needle 3 and the adjacent end of the barrel 1 are received telescopically within a tubular cap 6, which likewise may be made of plastic material harder than the material of the barrel 1 p and. is open at one end. The inner end of'the plunger 4 is enlarged a't 7 for engagement with the inner wall of the. barrel: 1. The

outside diameter; of the enlarged portion 7 of the plunger 4 preferably is slightly larger than the inside diameter of the barrel 1, so that the portion of the barrel 1 immediately adjacent the enlarged portion 7 is expanded as the plunger 4 is moved longitudinally with respect to the barrel 1. This arrangement prevents the fluid contained in the syringe, indicated by the dotted lines, from leaking thru the annulus between the plunger 4 and the barrel 1 upon advancing the plunger 4 within the barrel 1 to discharge the fluid therefrom.

Upon advancing the plunger 4 within the barrel 1 to discharge the fluid contained in the barrel 1 from the opposite end thereof, thru the needle 3, the barrel 1, which is elastic, may be stretched hydraulically by the action of the contained fluid, so that the enlarged portion 7 of the plunger 4, which is of slightly larger diameter than the inside diameter of the barrel 1, may be readily moved longitudinally withrespect thereto while at the same time preventing leakage of fluid thru the annulus between the plunger 4 and the barrel 1, as above described.

The diameter of the cap 6 is reduced at 8, intermediate its ends, to form an internal shoulder for engagement with the inner end of the barrel 1 to limit the longitudinal movement of the cap 6 with respect to the barrel 1. The end of the cap 6 opposite its open end, which surrounds the needle 3, is tapered to a point at 9. A mass of resilient material 10 is received within the pointed end 9 of the cap 6 for engagement with the point of the needle 3. The resilient material 10 prevents leakage of fluid through the annulus between the needle 3. and the pointed end 9 of the cap 6. The adjacent surface of the resilient material 10 preferably is indented for engagement by the point of the needle 3 so that it is capable of centering the needle 3 with respect to the pointed end 9 of the cap 6.

The inner surface of the cap 6 is tapered at 11, adjacent its open end, and the outer surface of the barrel 1 is tapered at 12, intermediate its ends, for engagement by the tapered surface 11 of the cap 6 whereby the adjacent portion of the barrel 1 is compressed about the plunger 4, to prevent leakage of fluid thru the annulus between the barrel 1 and the cap 6 and to prevent dis- PatentedApr'. 22,*19ss necdlefiqandthecap; Thezbarrel 1 is then fined 'thru anpnening provided therein, for the needle,v 3, after which the needle 3 is attached and the cap 6 is applied.

Referring to Fig. 3 of the drawing, a modified form of thezinventionzisj shownainrwhichi theicap 6 per se has been;

eliminated. The arrangement shown is advantageous when; they syringe is ;design ed; for comparatively large dosages and a cap therefor comparable to the cap.,6 necessarily would be relatively long; In therarrangernent shown only Parts ,correspondingyto the end portions of theacapfi; are. .used, which results in, asaving of material. A; needle point cover '13, which corresponds to the end of the, cap-6..opp0site its open;end,,is applied to the, adjacent endiof a'barrel' 14, whichcorresponds to the barrel, 1, and auranmllar member 15, which corresponds to. the open endiof, the .cap 6, is applied tothe barrel 14 intermediateits ends: a

A-Jnass of resilient; materiaL 16,. which corresponds to i the resilient materiallt), is received withinlthc needle point cover ;13;,for; engagement with the-pointlof aineedle 17, which; corresponds ,to; the needle 3..

Theuinner surface, of the. annular. member 15 is tapered at *1&; for;engagement: ,with; a tapered outer surface 19 of theharrel, 14, the tapered surfaces 18 and 19 corresponding .to. the tapered,surfaces 11 and 12, whereby the adjacent portion of the barrel 14 is compressed about aplunger .20, which corresponds to the plunger-4.

The invention may be modified in various ways without departing fromthe. spirit, and scope thereof.

I claim:

1 ...In..comhinatiomwith a. syringe having .an elastic barrel and a plunger received within the barrel, and in which the outer surface of the barrel is tapered intermediate its ends, means surrounding the barrel and capable of slidably engaging the tapered outer surface thereof whereby the barrel is compressed about the plunger to form a fluid tight seal between the plunger and the barrel and to prevent the plunger from being pulled out of the barrel. 7

2. A disposable hypodermic syringe comprising an elastic barrel, open at one end, the outer surface of the barrel being tapered: intermediate its ends, a hypodermic needle attached to the end of the barrel opposite its open end, a plunger received telescopically within the barrel,

cover means for the needle whereby the needle may be maintained sterile, sealing means carried by the cover means for engagement with the point of the needle to prevent leakage therefrom, and means surrounding the barrel and capable ofslidably engaging the tapered outer surface thereofwhereb'y the-barrel is compressed about the plunger to form a fluid tight seal between the plunger and the barrel and to prevent the plunger from beingpulled out of the barrel.

Lockhart Nov. 22, 1955 Barrett et al May 8, 1956.

US2831483A 1956-06-18 1956-06-18 Disposable hypodermic syringe Expired - Lifetime US2831483A (en)

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US2831483A US2831483A (en) 1956-06-18 1956-06-18 Disposable hypodermic syringe

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Cited By (13)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2941530A (en) * 1958-11-14 1960-06-21 Ernest S V Laub Compressible plunger for hypodermic syringe
US3211347A (en) * 1964-04-14 1965-10-12 Jr Monroe E Phillips Caulking compound cartridge
US3506008A (en) * 1968-03-25 1970-04-14 Ortho Pharma Corp Medical applicator
US3923208A (en) * 1974-07-19 1975-12-02 Us Army Fluid expulsion system having a tapered tank
US4083477A (en) * 1976-08-09 1978-04-11 Zetterberg Niklas F Baiting tool for storing and dispensing fish bait
EP0240787A2 (en) * 1986-04-09 1987-10-14 Pharma-Gummi Wimmer West GmbH Needle-casings for parenteral needles and method of manufacturing needle-casings
US4742940A (en) * 1985-02-25 1988-05-10 Package Research Dispenser for flowable materials
WO1988007873A1 (en) * 1987-04-16 1988-10-20 Peachtree Medical, Inc. Syringe sealing device and method
US4964866A (en) * 1989-11-22 1990-10-23 Becton, Dickinson And Company Needle sheath assembly
US5085647A (en) * 1991-03-07 1992-02-04 Sherwood Medical Company Rigid needle cover with needle sealing plug and method of manufacture thereof
US5098400A (en) * 1991-02-14 1992-03-24 Sherwood Medical Company Needle shield
US5147325A (en) * 1991-05-03 1992-09-15 Sherwood Medical Company Rigid needle shield
US5529189A (en) * 1995-08-02 1996-06-25 Daxor Corporation Syringe assembly for quantitative measurement of radioactive injectate and kit having same

Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2724385A (en) * 1953-01-19 1955-11-22 Compule Corp Ointment depositors
US2744528A (en) * 1951-10-30 1956-05-08 Barrett Altina Hypodermic syringe

Patent Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2744528A (en) * 1951-10-30 1956-05-08 Barrett Altina Hypodermic syringe
US2724385A (en) * 1953-01-19 1955-11-22 Compule Corp Ointment depositors

Cited By (16)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2941530A (en) * 1958-11-14 1960-06-21 Ernest S V Laub Compressible plunger for hypodermic syringe
US3211347A (en) * 1964-04-14 1965-10-12 Jr Monroe E Phillips Caulking compound cartridge
US3506008A (en) * 1968-03-25 1970-04-14 Ortho Pharma Corp Medical applicator
US3923208A (en) * 1974-07-19 1975-12-02 Us Army Fluid expulsion system having a tapered tank
US4083477A (en) * 1976-08-09 1978-04-11 Zetterberg Niklas F Baiting tool for storing and dispensing fish bait
US4742940A (en) * 1985-02-25 1988-05-10 Package Research Dispenser for flowable materials
EP0240787A2 (en) * 1986-04-09 1987-10-14 Pharma-Gummi Wimmer West GmbH Needle-casings for parenteral needles and method of manufacturing needle-casings
EP0240787A3 (en) * 1986-04-09 1988-07-06 Pharma-Gummi Wimmer West GmbH Needle-casings for parenteral needles and method of manufacturing needle-casings
US4795443A (en) * 1987-04-16 1989-01-03 Peachtree Medical, Inc. Syringe sealing device and method
WO1988007873A1 (en) * 1987-04-16 1988-10-20 Peachtree Medical, Inc. Syringe sealing device and method
US4964866A (en) * 1989-11-22 1990-10-23 Becton, Dickinson And Company Needle sheath assembly
US5098400A (en) * 1991-02-14 1992-03-24 Sherwood Medical Company Needle shield
US5085647A (en) * 1991-03-07 1992-02-04 Sherwood Medical Company Rigid needle cover with needle sealing plug and method of manufacture thereof
US5147325A (en) * 1991-05-03 1992-09-15 Sherwood Medical Company Rigid needle shield
US5529189A (en) * 1995-08-02 1996-06-25 Daxor Corporation Syringe assembly for quantitative measurement of radioactive injectate and kit having same
WO1997004708A1 (en) * 1995-08-02 1997-02-13 Daxor Corporation Syringe assembly for quantitative measurement of radioactive injectate

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