US2803715A - Time switch apparatus - Google Patents

Time switch apparatus Download PDF

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Publication number
US2803715A
US2803715A US563250A US56325056A US2803715A US 2803715 A US2803715 A US 2803715A US 563250 A US563250 A US 563250A US 56325056 A US56325056 A US 56325056A US 2803715 A US2803715 A US 2803715A
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Prior art keywords
ratchet
teeth
feed
cam
tooth
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US563250A
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Lauren W Guth
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General Electric Co
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General Electric Co
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    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01HELECTRIC SWITCHES; RELAYS; SELECTORS; EMERGENCY PROTECTIVE DEVICES
    • H01H43/00Time or time-programme switches providing a choice of time intervals for executing one or more switching actions and automatically terminating their operations after the programme is completed
    • H01H43/10Time or time-programme switches providing a choice of time intervals for executing one or more switching actions and automatically terminating their operations after the programme is completed with timing of actuation of contacts due to a part rotating at substantially constant speed
    • H01H43/101Driving mechanisms
    • H01H43/102Driving mechanisms using a pawl and ratchet wheel mechanism

Description

Filed Feb. 5, 1956 IIIN IIIH llllllll Hl FIG.3

VF'IGJ m 9 m a m m b V m =2 6 n 4 a2 Zu W 4 W I 1 1/ 1w 5 2 a 9 m b 6 r u 2 a e 4 l 2 m T FIGQS INVENTOR.

LAUREN W. GUTH HIS ATTORNEY United States Patent TIE IE SWITCH APPARATUS Lauren W. Guth, Louisville, Ky., assignor to General Electric Company, a corporation of New York Application February 3, 1956, Serial No. 563,250

Claims. (Cl. 200-38) circuit.

Another object of my invention is to provide an improved timer indexing mechanism which will assure the requisite contact opening and closing accuracy and still provide an optimum time cycle for the various operations of the mechanism controlled thereby.

Further objects and advantages of my invention will become apparent as the following description proceeds, and the features of novelty which characterize my invention will be pointed out with particularly in the claims annexed to and forming a part of this specification.

In one form of my invention, the foregoing objectives are achieved by providing a pawl driven ratchet wheel associated with switch actuating mechanism and switch contacts in such a way that the contacts are periodically and sequentially opened and closed upon predetermined rotary movement of the ratchet wheel, and by further providing teeth on the ratchet wheel which are evenly spaced and of equal angular extent with the exception of those which are engaged by the driving pawl during a switching operation, the latter being ofrelatively greater angular extent so that the step-by-step movement of the ratchet wheel proceeds in relatively short increments until an actual switching operation takes place, during which the ratchet wheel is rotated through a relatively larger angle, whereby the total time required for a complete revolution of the ratchet wheel may be maximized while providing sufiicient angular movement for effecting contact operation, or even rapid sequential operation of two or more pairs of contacts.

For a better understanding of my invention, reference may be had to the accompanying drawing in which:

Fig. 1 is a plan view with some parts broken away, of a timing device embodying my invention.

Fig. 2 is a fragmentary cross-sectional view taken substantially along the line 2-2 in Fig. 1.

Fig. 3 is similar to Fig. 1 but shows another embodiment of my invention.

Fig. 4 is a fragmentary cross-sectional view taken sub stantially along the line 4-4 in Fig. 3.

Fig. 5 is a schematic layout of the ratchet in the embodiment of Fig. 3.

Referring now to Figs. 1 and 2 of the drawing, I have shown a timing device enclosed in a suitable housing 1, having walls 2 and 3 which provide bearing support for a shaft 4 which is rotatably mounted between the walls. Secured to the shaft 4 for rotation therewith, is a ratchet ice wheel or disc 5 which has a series of ratchet teeth 6 around its periphery.

For the purpose of rotating the ratchet wheel 5 and shaft 4 intermittently step-by-step, I provide a drive pawl assembly 7 which engages the ratchet teeth 6. The drive pawl assembly 7 includes a shaft 8 to which a reciprocating motion is applied by means of anysuitable actuating mechanism, including a constant speed electric motor 7a, for example. A lever 9 keyed to the shaft 8 transmits reciprocating motion to a spring-loaded feed member 10 which engages the individual ratchet teeth 6 on the periphery of the ratchet wheel 5. The feed member 10 is pivotally joined to the end of lever 9 through pin 11 and biased toward the ratchet teeth 6 by compression spring 12.

In order to prevent the ratchet wheel from reversing on the return stroke of the drive pawl assembly, I provide a stop pawl 13 which, during the feed stroke of the drive pawl assembly 7, is dragged over the back of the tooth engaged by the feed member 10 and which springs into engagement with the face of the tooth at the end of the feed stroke of the drive pawl assembly 7, thereby locking the ratchet disc against reverse motion upon the return stroke of the drive pawl assembly. The stop pawl is spring-loaded and pivoted about pin 14 supported between walls 2 and 3.

Now referring to Fig. 2, according to one embodiment of my invention, I have provided a switch mechanism consisting of two pairs of electrical contacts, 15, 16 and 17, 18, which are in engageable relationship and which are electrically connected to separate circuits such that closing of one pair of contacts will energize one circuit and closing of the otherpair will energize another circuit. The outercontacts 15 and 18 are mounted upon suitable conductors 19 attached rigidly to an insulated support 29 mounted upon side 3. The inner contacts 16 and 17 are mounted on opposite sides of a cantilever conductor arm 21 supported by an insulator support 22 extending from side 3. The cantilever conductor arm is biased or spring-loaded toward the face 23 of the ratchet wheel 5.

A follower projection 24 extending from the cantilever conductor arm 21 engages a cam, comprising a plurality of arcuate cam elements 25 forming a circular path, and locatedupon the face 23 of the ratchet wheel 5. I pro- Vide spaced depressed portions 26 between the cam elements 25, and intermediate dwell portions 27a and 27b located at the ends of the cam elements 25. Thus, the follower projection 24 riding on depressed portion 26, must rise on to dwell portion 275 before again rising on to the main cam element 25. This causes the cantilever conductor arm 21 to travel from a position in which con tacts 15 and 16 are closed, to an intermediate position opening contacts 15 and 16, and then to a position where contacts 17 and 18 are closed, the intermediate dwell assuring that there will be a complete break between contacts 15 and 16 before contact is made between contacts 17 and 18.

Those familiar with the art will realize that in order to obtain the greatest latitude of design in regard to the numbers of possible switching operations required, and the total time transpiring between the operations, it is necessary to have a large number of teeth around the periphery of the ratchet wheel. To do this, it is necessary to employ teeth of small angular extent, which also results in a short angular throw of the ratchet wheel 5 for each pulsation or stroke of the feed assembly7. But it is also necessary to have the individual switching operations entirely completed during the throw of one individual ratchet tooth. Furtermore, it is sometimes necessary to provide rapid sequential switching of two separate pairs of contacts during a single increment of movement of the ratchet. This requires very accurate manufactur-j ing a'ndl'ocation of the cam elements in order to obtain "all the necessary camming actions within the stroke provided through action of the drive pawl assembly 7 upon .oneof .the relatiye,ly small ratchet teeth 6. To.corne "within reasonable manufacturing tolerances and capabilities,,it has been nec essary ,to comprdmiseanduse a somefwhatlarg'er tooth size than might otherwise, bedesirable, thus reducing theIover-all time cycle. j I V In accordance .withthe present invention, I provide a ,toothorseveral teeth,28 of greater angularQextent or length positioned at predetermined locations around the periphery of thewheelso that switch actuation takes place during movement resulting from engagement of the,. drive pawlwith a relatively large tooth. The cam elements 25 and depressed portions 26 are thus positioned in relation .to large teeth 2850 that camming motion of fthe follower projection 24" takes place only during rotation of the ratchet wheel through engagement of the feed pawl with a tooth 28. Teeth of various relative sizes may be utilized to achieve any desired switching pro- ,gram so long as the .total angular extent of each pair of ,adjacent ratchet teethis less than the angular throw of jthe'drive pawl. This provides the requisite time cycle relationships through use of the relatively smaller teeth 6 and 'alsoprovides greater angular distance, more within the capabilities of factory tolerances, in which to loca'te cam elements 24 in order to assure proper actuation ,of the various electrical contacts in their correct sequence.

For one particular ratchet wheel, it was determined that an 8 angular extent tooth was necessary to obtain proper operation of switching members and to allow 1 manufacture within easily met factory tolerances. In this mechanism the feed pawl assembly 7 makes a stroke 1 or throw of 9 at 45 second intervals. When using all Yratchet teeth of the 8 angular extent the total over-all time for one complete cycle of the ratchet wheel is less fthan' 34 minutes. But when using the 8 angular extent teeth only at those positions where the camming member is to actuate a switch or switches, and using 5 angular 7 extent teeth during theremaining operation, it is possible to increase considerably the over-all time cycle.' For j example, where five switching operations take place per 'cycle, it is possible to obtain an over-all time cycle of l more than 51 minutes. a In Figs. 3 and 4, I show an alternative embodiment of -my invention which differs from that of Figs. 1 and 2 in that it utilizes a pair of identical ratchet wheels 29 p and 30 instead of a single ratchet wheel 5. Similar parts L in this embodiment are represented by the same numer- ,als as in the first embodiment. Here the reciprocating feed pawl'assembly' 7 and the stop pawl 13 are spaced from-each other around the periphery of the ratchct .wheels 29. and 30. The ratchet wheels 29 and 30 are dis- I placed a similar angular distance so that when the feeding member 10 engages a tooth on the periphery of ratch- I et wheel 29, the stop pawl 13 engages a like tooth on the T periphery of ratchet wheel 30. .Fig. '5 is a'layout showing the ratchet teeth of ratchet lwheels 29 and 30 in developed form. This shows the relationship of the feed member 10 and the stop pawl 13 .with respect to the ratchet teeth, including larger teeth ,28a and28b, on the two ratchet wheels 29 and 30. The feed stroke of the feed pawl assembly has just been com- 1 pleted, and the dotted lines portray the feed member 10 vin the next stroke just prior to its engagement with a l tooth of greater angular length. I

Fromthe above description, it will be seen that I am able to secure the advantage attained through use of .relatively small teeth forthose. periods between the op- :erati'dn of the switches and yet still attain ease of manufacture; through use of the relatively longer teeth of those positions in the time cycle where switching operations' take place. This results in a greater over-all time :period for one. revolution of the ratchet wheel and al Llows a greater design latitudein determining the time available for the various operations such as drying or washing. It gives a greater angular distance in which to locate the camming elements necessary to perform the switching operations and allows a greaterpossible margin of error in their location. This is especially suited for those situations in which two or more pairs of electrical contacts must be actuated in proper sequence during a single impulse or movement step of a ratchet, or where actuation of one pair must be completed prior to actuation of a second pair..

spacedcircumferentially about the periphery thereof, at

least one of said teeth being of greater angular extent than theremaining teeth, a feed member in engagement 7 with said ratchet teeth for advancing said disc step-bystep in intermittent rotation; a switch mechanism, and cam means supported by saidshaft for rotation therewith,

said cam means being in operating engagement with said switch mechanism, s'aid' cam means being so positioned relative to said tooth of greater angular extent that actuations ofsaid switch mechanism occur during rotation of said disc by engagement of said feed member with said I tooth of greater angular extent.

2. Time switch apparatus comprising a shaft, a disc rotatable with said shaft, said disc having ratchet teeth spaced circumferentially about the periphery thereof, at least oneof said 1teeth being of greater, angular extent than the remaining teeth, a feed member in engagement with said-ratchet teeth for advancing said disc step-bystep in intermittent rotation, at least one pair of electrical contacts, and cam means supported'by said shaft and rotatable therewith, said cam means being in engageable relation with one of said electrical contacts for actuating said pair of electrical contacts, said camming means being so positioned relative to said tooth of greater angular extent thatactuations of said electrical contacts occur during rotation of said disc by engagement of said feed member with said tooth of greater angular extent.

3. Time switch apparatus comprising a shaft, a disc rotatable with said shaft, said disc having ratchet teeth spacedcircumferentially about the periphery thereof, at

least one of said teeth being of greater angular extent than the remaining teeth, a feed member in engagement with said ratchet teeth for advancing said disc step-by-step V in intermittent rotation; a switch including at least one said ratchet wheels having ratchet teeth spaced circum-' angularly spaced said predetermined angle from said feed a pair of electrical contacts, and cam means including a plurality of arcuate cam elements disposed upon the face of said disc, said cam means being engageable with one I of said electrical contacts for actuating said switch,- said cam elements being sopositioned upon the disc relative to said tooth of greater angular extent that actuations of said switch occur only during rotation of said disc by engagement of said tooth of greater angular extent.

4. Time switch apparatus comprising a shaft, first and second identical ratchet wheels rotatable with said shaft,

ferentiallyabout the periphery thereof, at least one tooth on each of said ratchet wheels being of greater angular extent than the remaining, teeth, said ratchet wheels being displaced a predetermined angle from each other, a feed member engageable with the ratchet teeth of said first ratchet wheel for advancing said wheels and shaft stepby-step in intermittent rotation, a stop pawl engageable with said second ratchet wheel, said stop pawl being member whereby said stoprpawl engages a tooth on the periphery of said second ratchet wheel corresponding to the tooth engaged by said feed member on said first ratchet wheel, a switch including at least one pair of electrical contacts, and a switch actuating cam engageable with said switch supported by said shaft for rotation therewith, said cam being so positioned relative to the tooth of greater angular extent on said first ratchet wheel that actuations of said switch occur only during rotation of said ratchet wheels by engagement of said feed member with said tooth of greater angular extent.

5. Time switch apparatus comprising a shaft, a disc rotatable with said shaft, said disc having ratchet teeth spaced circumferentially about the periphery thereof, at least one of said teeth being of greater angular extent than the remaining teeth, a feed member in engagement with said ratchet teeth for advancing said disc step-by-step in intermittent rotation, a stop pawl engageable with said ratchet teeth mounted adjacent said feed member, said feed member and said stop pawl being arranged to engage successively and simultaneously each of said ratchet teeth, a first pair of contacts in engageable relation, a second pair of contacts in engageable relation, first cam means rotatable with said shaft and said disc, said first cam means being in engageable relation with said first pair of electrical contacts for periodically actuating said first pair of contacts, and second cam means rotatable with said shaft and said disc, said second cam means being in engageable relation with said second pair of electrical contacts for periodically actuating said second pair of contacts, said first and second cam means being so positioned in relation to said tooth of greater angular extent that actuation of said first pair of contacts and said second pair of contacts take place during rotation of said disc by engagement of said feed member with said tooth of greater angular extent.

No references cited.

US563250A 1956-02-03 1956-02-03 Time switch apparatus Expired - Lifetime US2803715A (en)

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Cited By (20)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2889419A (en) * 1957-10-29 1959-06-02 Ram Domestic Products Company Electrical timing device and improved switch means therefor
US2920153A (en) * 1957-12-18 1960-01-05 Horstmann Bevan Graham Electric time switches
US2921151A (en) * 1957-11-29 1960-01-12 Guardian Electric Mfg Company Presettable automatic timing device
US2945932A (en) * 1957-04-26 1960-07-19 Otto R Nemeth Electromagnetic timing device
US2993972A (en) * 1958-09-17 1961-07-25 Weldon A Stewart Switch and control
US3025366A (en) * 1958-06-27 1962-03-13 Kingston Products Corp Appliance timer
US3025367A (en) * 1958-05-27 1962-03-13 Kingston Products Corp Timer switch circuit
US3053947A (en) * 1959-06-15 1962-09-11 Kingston Products Corp Sequential timer
US3069514A (en) * 1960-09-29 1962-12-18 Union Carbide Corp Timer actuating switch
US3071017A (en) * 1959-06-30 1963-01-01 Kingston Products Corp Intermittent drive for sequence switch mechanism
US3141344A (en) * 1958-09-19 1964-07-21 Marbelite Co Inc Controller
US3169176A (en) * 1960-11-07 1965-02-09 Gen Motors Corp Infinite heat switch for controlling a plurality of heating elements
US3176090A (en) * 1959-12-11 1965-03-30 Birmingham Small Arms Co Ltd Programing device for operating a control circuit of an automatic machine
US3198893A (en) * 1962-10-26 1965-08-03 Gen Electric Switch having an arc preventing cam arrangement
US3257535A (en) * 1959-09-04 1966-06-21 Infranor Sa Commutator comprising radially positioned camming balls for actuating switch means
US3603749A (en) * 1970-06-15 1971-09-07 Maytag Co Subinterval timer drive system
US3643141A (en) * 1970-01-13 1972-02-15 Lewis B Jackson Jr Position control and indicating mechanism
US4153824A (en) * 1977-10-19 1979-05-08 Blackmond George O Appliance control timer drive means
US4381433A (en) * 1980-11-07 1983-04-26 Emhart Industries, Inc. Drive means for a timing mechanism
US4442326A (en) * 1980-11-07 1984-04-10 Emhart Industries, Inc. Drive means for a timing mechanism

Non-Patent Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Title
None *

Cited By (20)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2945932A (en) * 1957-04-26 1960-07-19 Otto R Nemeth Electromagnetic timing device
US2889419A (en) * 1957-10-29 1959-06-02 Ram Domestic Products Company Electrical timing device and improved switch means therefor
US2921151A (en) * 1957-11-29 1960-01-12 Guardian Electric Mfg Company Presettable automatic timing device
US2920153A (en) * 1957-12-18 1960-01-05 Horstmann Bevan Graham Electric time switches
US3025367A (en) * 1958-05-27 1962-03-13 Kingston Products Corp Timer switch circuit
US3025366A (en) * 1958-06-27 1962-03-13 Kingston Products Corp Appliance timer
US2993972A (en) * 1958-09-17 1961-07-25 Weldon A Stewart Switch and control
US3141344A (en) * 1958-09-19 1964-07-21 Marbelite Co Inc Controller
US3053947A (en) * 1959-06-15 1962-09-11 Kingston Products Corp Sequential timer
US3071017A (en) * 1959-06-30 1963-01-01 Kingston Products Corp Intermittent drive for sequence switch mechanism
US3257535A (en) * 1959-09-04 1966-06-21 Infranor Sa Commutator comprising radially positioned camming balls for actuating switch means
US3176090A (en) * 1959-12-11 1965-03-30 Birmingham Small Arms Co Ltd Programing device for operating a control circuit of an automatic machine
US3069514A (en) * 1960-09-29 1962-12-18 Union Carbide Corp Timer actuating switch
US3169176A (en) * 1960-11-07 1965-02-09 Gen Motors Corp Infinite heat switch for controlling a plurality of heating elements
US3198893A (en) * 1962-10-26 1965-08-03 Gen Electric Switch having an arc preventing cam arrangement
US3643141A (en) * 1970-01-13 1972-02-15 Lewis B Jackson Jr Position control and indicating mechanism
US3603749A (en) * 1970-06-15 1971-09-07 Maytag Co Subinterval timer drive system
US4153824A (en) * 1977-10-19 1979-05-08 Blackmond George O Appliance control timer drive means
US4381433A (en) * 1980-11-07 1983-04-26 Emhart Industries, Inc. Drive means for a timing mechanism
US4442326A (en) * 1980-11-07 1984-04-10 Emhart Industries, Inc. Drive means for a timing mechanism

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