US3257535A - Commutator comprising radially positioned camming balls for actuating switch means - Google Patents

Commutator comprising radially positioned camming balls for actuating switch means Download PDF

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US3257535A
US3257535A US25514363A US3257535A US 3257535 A US3257535 A US 3257535A US 25514363 A US25514363 A US 25514363A US 3257535 A US3257535 A US 3257535A
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Prior art keywords
disc
positions
wheel
cam followers
angular positions
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Sallin Pierre
Jucker Eric
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INFRANOR SA
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INFRANOR SA
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    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01HELECTRIC SWITCHES; RELAYS; SELECTORS; EMERGENCY PROTECTIVE DEVICES
    • H01H19/00Switches operated by an operating part which is rotatable about a longitudinal axis thereof and which is acted upon directly by a solid external to the switch, e.g. by a hand
    • H01H19/54Switches operated by an operating part which is rotatable about a longitudinal axis thereof and which is acted upon directly by a solid external to the switch, e.g. by a hand the operating part having at least five or an unspecified number of operative positions
    • H01H19/60Angularly-movable actuating part carrying no contacts
    • H01H19/63Contacts actuated by axial cams

Description

June 21, 1966 P. sALLlN ETAL. 3,257,535
COMMUTATOR COMPRISING RADIALLY POSITIONED CAMMING BALLS FOR ACTUATING SWITCH MEANS Original Filed Sept. 2, 1960 Wllll UnitedStates Patent O signors to Infranor S.A., Geneva, Switzerland, a corporation of Switzerland Continuation of application Ser. No. 53,824, Sept. 2,
1960. This application Jan. 7, 1963, Ser. No. 255,143 Claims priority, application Switzerland, Sept. 4, 1959, 77,833/ 59 8 Claims. (Cl. ZOO- 156) This application is a continuation of my copending application S.N. 53,824 led on September 2, 1960.
The present invention has for its subject a commutator comprising a body capable of being moved angularly so as to occupy a number of distinct angular positions, said body controlling contacts in such a manner as to provoke the opening or the closing of at least one contact in each of the said positions, characterised in that the element has camming members disposed on one of its faces, and adapted to provoke the closing or the opening of contacts each comprising a flexible blade, disposed parallel to the said face in such a manner as to be displaced by a camming member. v
One form of construction of the commutator according to the invention is illustrated by way of example in the accompanying drawings, wherein:
' FIG. 1 is a view in elevation, partly in cross-section on the line 1-1 of FIG. 2; and
FIG. 2 is a view in plan corresponding with FIG. 1.
The commutator shown comprises two plates 1 and 2, for example of. metal, between which is disposed a shaft 3 mounted for turning by its two ends in the plates 1 and 2. On the shaft 3 is secured a contactor 4 secured to a star Wheel 5, With ten branches. The contactor 4 and the wheel 5 may thus take up ten determined positions about their axis of rotation, each position being exactly determinedby a pawl 6 actuated so as to jump on the teeth of the wheel 5 when this turns and for lodging between two teeth oi this wheel so as to tix the position. The pawl 6 is mounted on an arm 7 capable of turning on a shaft 8 mounted between the plates 1 and 2. A tension spring 9 is mounted between the -arm 7 and a pin 10 secured in the plate 1.
The contactor is constituted by an insulating element in the form Iof a disc provided at its periphery with ten faces numbered from to 9, one of them, indicated by the.
reference 11', being visible .at the exterior of the element and indicating the arithmetical position of said latter.
A lever 12 is mounted on a spindle secured to the plate 1 and can turn about this spindle, in one and theother direction. The lever is mounted on a spindle by a member 13 having a notch 14 in which lodges a pawl 15 carried by an arm 16 capable of turning on a spindle 17 mounted between the plates 1 and 2. A wire spring 18 urges the pawl 15 into the notch 14. It will be seen that the shape of the pawl relatively to the notch is symmetrical, which permits of moving the lever 12 slightly upwards or downwards at will. A stop, not shown, limits these two movements.
The member 13 of the lever 12 carries, eccentrically relatively to its spindle, an anchor 19 actuated for cooperating with the star wheel in such a manner as to constitute an escapement. The anchor carries two pistons Patented June 21, 1966 ICC 20 and 21 capable 'of coming into engagement with the teeth of the wheel 5. It will thus be seen that by moving the lever 12 in one direction or the other, the wheel 5 and the contactor 4 are turned through one tenth of a revolution in one direction or the other.
The contactor 4 has ten series of four cavities 22, 23, 24, 25. A series of four cavities being opposite four movable contacts 26, 27, 28 and 29 mounted on the plate 1. These contacts co-operate with four stationary contacts 30, 31, 32, 33. All these contacts are connected to terminals placed on the outside of the element and permitting of connecting, for example, the four stationary contacts to one pole of a source of current not shown, whilst the four terminals connected to the movable contacts constitute the electric outlet of the element.
Balls 34 are mounted in the cavities 22 to 25 of the contactor, according to the contacts which it is desired to form in each position of the said contactor, each ball acting by pressure on a boss 35 provided on each movable contact.
The contacts may represent, for example, the factor 1 (contacts 26, 30), the factor 2 (contacts 27, 31), the factor 3 (contacts 28, 32) and the lfactor 4 (contacts 29, 33). When the contactor is in the position 0, the face marked 0 is visible from the outside of the counter and none of the four cavities of the contactor opposite contacts contains any ball. It thus follows that no movable Contact is displaced and that no current passes from the element. When the contactor is in position 1, the cavity 22 of the corresponding position has a ball which moves the movable contact 26 for bringing it into Contact with the corresponding stationary contact 30. The closing of this contact permits the outlet of Ia current of the counter, representing 1.
It will be understood readily how the balls should be disposed in the various positions of the contactor for giving outlet currents representing, by the linear cornbination of four factors, the result of the arithmetical recording in the element.
follows:
Position ol the contactor Contacts closed Value of the outlet 2o', 3U 1 27, 31 2 26, 30; 27, 31 1+2 27, 31; 28, 82 2-1-2 2B, 30; 29, 33 1+4 27,31; 29, 33 2+4 2s, 30; 27, 31; 29, 33 1|2+i 27, 31; 2s, 32; 29, 33 2+2+4 2G, 30; 27,31; 28, 32; 29, 33 1i-2+2+4 By lowering the lever 12, the contactor is caused to advance step by step (additional), whilst by raising the lever 12, the contactor is caused to advance `step by step rearwardly through one unit (subtraction). It will be understood that it is possible to use two different controls for the addition and the subtraction, for example two knobs which replace the lever 12 and which produces either an advance or a retraction of the element when they are pressed. It will also be evident that the element may be remote controlled by any suitable device capable of acting, for example, on the lever 12.
It will be seen that the element described comprises an arithmetical inlet of which the value may be read from These combinations may be asl a3 the outside of the element, Said latter is provided with an outlet represented by the combination of four factors corresponding to the arithmetical value of entry into the element.
A number of elements such as that described .may be disposed side by side so as to form a complete counter, by reason of an element for each numerical order of the counter. on the contrary, -only the first element may be controlled, each element then comprising a device capable of causing the upper element to advance through one unit when it passes itself yfrom 9 to 0. l
It will be understood that it is possible to select other correspondences than those described between the contacts 26 tov33 yand the positions of the contactor 4 and that, for example, the four contacts may be utilized for giving linear information from the ten positions of the contacter. It is also possible to provide modifications in which the number of positions capable of being occupied by the contacter are different by ten.
The invention may be embodied in -other specific forms without departing from the spirit or essential characteristics thereof. The present embodiment is therefore to be considered in all respects as illustrative and not restrictive, the scope of the invention being indicated by the appended claims rather than by the foregoing description, and all changes which come within the meaning Iand range of equivalency of the claims are therefore intended to be embraced therein.
What is claimed is:
1. An electric switching device comprising a support, disc means rotatably mounted on said support for rotation relative thereto, said disc means having a number of substantially equidistant markings on the periphery thereof to visually indicate a plurality of angular positions of said disc means, a plurality of cam followers overlying one face of said disc, each of said cam followers being spaced a different distance radially from the axis of said shaft, a plurality of cam-ming balls on said one face of the disc means at said different radial positions for actuating `selected ones of said cam followers at each o-f said angular positions, an electric switch associated with each of said cam followers and actuated. between open and closed positions in respon-se to the actuation of said cam followers by said camming balls, means Yfor selectively bi-directionally rotating said disc means through each of said angularV positions, and detent means for .releasa'bly retaining said disc means in each of said angular positions whereby the positions of the switches at each angular position can be used to generate coded electrical signals.`
2. The invention as defined in claim 1 wherein there are four cam followers aligned with one, another along a line extending generally toward said axis,V said rotating .means advancing said disc through ten distinct angular positions per revolution, said camtfollowers being actuated by said cam'ming members at each of said. angular positions in the following sequence wherein the cam followers are numbered one through four:
Angular position Number of cam of disc: follower actuated 3 l and 2 4 2 and 3 5 land 4 6 2 and 4 7 land 2 and4 8 V Zand 3 and 4 9 land2and3and4 3. .The invention as defined in claim 2 wherein said markings on the periphery of said disc comprise the Each element may be controlled separately or,
Y d numbers @-9 to visually indicate each of said ten angular positions.
4. The invention as defined in claim 1 wherein said disc is made of an electric insulating material.
5. An electric switching device comprising a support, a shaft mounted on said support, a star wheel rotatably mounted on said shaft having a plurality of equally spaced teeth on the periphery thereof, a disc rotatably mounted on said shaft for rotation with said star Wheel, wheel actuating means for selectively bi-directionally rotating said stai` wheel step by step into a plurality of operative angular positions, the number of said angular positions corresponding to the number of teeth on said star wheel, detent means for treleasably holding said star f' wheel in each of said angular positions, said disc having a number of substantially equidistant markings on the periphery thereof to provide a visual indication of said angular positions of said wheel, the number of said markings being equal to the number of teeth on said wheel, a plurality of cam followers overlying one face of said disc, each of said cam followers being spaced at a different distance radially from the axis of said shaft, a plurality of camming projections projecting from vsaid one face of the disc at said different radial positions for actuating selected ones of said cam -followers at each of said angular positions, and an electric switch associated with each of said cam followers and actuated between open and closed positions in response to tlie actuation of said cam followers by said camming projections.
6. An electric commutator comprising: a plate; an insulator support fixed to said plate; a first series of electrically conductive blades carried by said support and extending from said support in a plane substantially parallel k to said plate; a second series 0f electrically conductive resilient blades carried by said support and extending therefrom in alplane substantially parallelr to the first series of blades; an electrical contact member carried by each blade of said first and second series, the contact members carried by the blades of said first series being arranged opposite the contact members carried by the blades of said second series to form a plurality of cooperating pairs of contact members; a shaft carried by said plate normally thereto; a rotatable wheel mounted on `said shaft, said wheel having a plurality of peripheral vequidistant teeth; wheel actuating means for selectively 'bi-directionally rotating said wheel step-by-step into one of several operative positions, the number of said positions corresponding to the number of teeth on said wheel; a stop pawl pivotally mounted on said plate and biased into engagement with said Vwheel between two adjacent teeth thereof in each of the several operative positions of the wheel thereby to hold said lwheel in each of said po.
sitions between rotary displacements of said wheel by said actuating means; a disc made of insulating material, mounted on said shaft to rotate with said wheel and having a face adjacent and parallel to said second series of blades, said disc having a number of peripheral substantially equidistant markings for giving a visual indication of the several operative positions of said wheel, which number is equal to the number of teeth on said wheel; and a plurality of projections on said face of the disc for actuating selected blades of said second series in the several operative positions of the Wheel; said -wheel actuating means including a lever pivotally mounted intermediate its ends on said plate to form two arms, and springmeans for holding said lever in a normally inoperative position and out of engagement with said wheel, one lever arm projecting beyond said plate, and the other lever arm having a fork-like portion defining two prongs selectively operatively engaging the teeth of said wheel to rotate the latter in opposite directions depending on the direction of pivotal movement of the lever upon actuation of said projecting lever arm, said operative engagement of a wheel tooth by one of said prongs causing rotary displacement of said wheel in one of said two oppo` 5 site directions and simultaneously cau-sing said stop paw to be dislodged from between said, two adjacent teeth t0 clear the trailing tooth of said two teeth and be pressed between said `trailing tooth and the next lfollowing tooth of the wheel.
7. The `cornmutator as claimed in claim 6 wherein said `prongs carry projections engaging the teeth of said wheel.
6 References Cited by the Examiner UNITED STATES PATENTS 2,803,715 8/1956 Guth 200--105 2,849,568 8/1958 Gaite 200-105 2,961,500 11/1960 Clarke et al. a 200--105 ROBERT S. MACON, Acting Primary Examiner.
BERNARD A. GILHBANY, Examiner.
10 D. SMITH, IR., Assistant Examiner.

Claims (1)

1. AN ELECTRIC SWITCHING DEVICE COMPRISING A SUPPORT, DISC MEANS ROTATABLY MOUNTED ON SAID SUPPORT FOR ROTATION RELATIVE THERETO, SAID DISC MEANS HAVING A NUMBER OF SUBSTANTIALLY EQUIDISTANT MARKINGS ON THE PERIPHERY THEREOF TO VISUALLY INDICATE A PLURALITY OF ANGULAR POSITIONS OF SAID DISC MEANS, A PLURALITY OF CAM FOLLOWERS OVERLYING ONE FACE OF SAID DISC, EACH OF SAID CAM FOLLOWERS BEING SPACED A DIFFERENT DISTANCE RADIALLY FROM THE AXIS OF SAID SHAFT, A PLURALITY OF CAMMING BALLS ON SAID ONE FACE OF THE DISC MEANS AT SAID DIFFERENT RADIAL POSITIONS FOR ACTUATING SELECTED ONES OF SAID CAM FOLLOWERS AT EACH OF SAID ANGULAR POSITIONS, AN ELECTRIC SWITCH ASSOCIATED WITH EACH OF SAID CAM FOLLOWERS AND ACTUATED BETWEEN OPEN AND CLOSED POSITIONS IN RESPONSE TO THE ACTUATION OF SAID CAM FOLLOWERS BY SAID CAMMING BALLS, MEANS FOR SELECTIVELY BI-DIRECTIONALLY ROTATING SAID DISC MEANS THROUGH EACH OF SAID ANGULAR POSITIONS, AND DETENT MEANS FOR RELEASABLY RETAINING SAID DISC MEANS IN EACH OF SAID ANGULAR POSITIONS WHEREBY THE POSITIONS OF THE SWITCHES AT EACH ANGULAR POSITION CAN BE USED TO GENERATE CODED ELECTRICAL SIGNALS.
US25514363 1959-09-04 1963-01-07 Commutator comprising radially positioned camming balls for actuating switch means Expired - Lifetime US3257535A (en)

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Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3301970A (en) * 1965-10-29 1967-01-31 Gen Electric Co Ltd Data storage arrangements
US3555211A (en) * 1969-03-06 1971-01-12 Beckman Instruments Inc Thumbwheel type rotary switch with improved manual lever operator
US3610847A (en) * 1969-07-28 1971-10-05 Automatic Timing & Controls Timing apparatus
EP0004420A2 (en) * 1978-03-17 1979-10-03 AMP INCORPORATED (a New Jersey corporation) Coded electric switch
US4328885A (en) * 1979-12-05 1982-05-11 Andco Actuator Products, Inc. Actuator activated switching mechanism
US4405842A (en) * 1980-11-10 1983-09-20 Contraves Ag Stepping mechanism for an encoding rotary switch
US4567339A (en) * 1982-11-12 1986-01-28 Societe Industrielle De Bellevaux, Sibel Cam operated control device of an electrical switch

Families Citing this family (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE1774867C3 (en) * 1968-09-24 1981-12-03 Fritz 8523 Baiersdorf De Hartmann

Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2803715A (en) * 1956-02-03 1957-08-20 Gen Electric Time switch apparatus
US2849568A (en) * 1953-04-28 1958-08-26 British Telecomm Res Ltd Electrical switching devices
US2961500A (en) * 1958-06-05 1960-11-22 Ibm Commutator clock

Patent Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2849568A (en) * 1953-04-28 1958-08-26 British Telecomm Res Ltd Electrical switching devices
US2803715A (en) * 1956-02-03 1957-08-20 Gen Electric Time switch apparatus
US2961500A (en) * 1958-06-05 1960-11-22 Ibm Commutator clock

Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3301970A (en) * 1965-10-29 1967-01-31 Gen Electric Co Ltd Data storage arrangements
US3555211A (en) * 1969-03-06 1971-01-12 Beckman Instruments Inc Thumbwheel type rotary switch with improved manual lever operator
US3610847A (en) * 1969-07-28 1971-10-05 Automatic Timing & Controls Timing apparatus
EP0004420A2 (en) * 1978-03-17 1979-10-03 AMP INCORPORATED (a New Jersey corporation) Coded electric switch
EP0004420A3 (en) * 1978-03-17 1979-10-31 Amp Incorporated Coded electric switch
US4328885A (en) * 1979-12-05 1982-05-11 Andco Actuator Products, Inc. Actuator activated switching mechanism
US4405842A (en) * 1980-11-10 1983-09-20 Contraves Ag Stepping mechanism for an encoding rotary switch
US4567339A (en) * 1982-11-12 1986-01-28 Societe Industrielle De Bellevaux, Sibel Cam operated control device of an electrical switch

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