US2792841A - Tobacco smoke filter - Google Patents

Tobacco smoke filter Download PDF

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US2792841A
US2792841A US36061153A US2792841A US 2792841 A US2792841 A US 2792841A US 36061153 A US36061153 A US 36061153A US 2792841 A US2792841 A US 2792841A
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smoke
filter
tobacco
form
ferrite
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John D Larson
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John D Larson
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A24TOBACCO; CIGARS; CIGARETTES; SMOKERS' REQUISITES
    • A24DCIGARS; CIGARETTES; TOBACCO SMOKE FILTERS; MOUTHPIECES FOR CIGARS OR CIGARETTES; MANUFACTURE OF TOBACCO SMOKE FILTERS OR MOUTHPIECES
    • A24D3/00Tobacco smoke filters, e.g. filter-tips, filtering inserts; Mouthpieces for cigars or cigarettes
    • A24D3/06Use of materials for tobacco smoke filters
    • A24D3/16Use of materials for tobacco smoke filters of inorganic materials

Description

May 21, 1957 J. D. LARSON 2,792,841

TOBACCO SMOKE FILTER Filed June 9, 1955 United States Patent TOBACCO SMOKE FILTER John D. Larson, Hinsdale, lll.

Application `lune 9, 1953, Serial No. 360,611 4 claims. (ci. 1er-20s) This invention relates Yin general toy filtering devices, andmore particularly to a filter for removing from tobacco smoke one of the injurious constituents contained in the tobacco smoke which, becauseit is in gaseous form asthe result of combustion, is not removed from the smoke by filters heretofore employed.

This component of cigarette smoke which is readily absorbed by the red cells of the blood upon being inhaled into the lungs and produces extremely deleterious effects upon the human system, is a toxin in the form of ammonium cyanide.

The purpose of my present invention is to provide a filter which will remove from the products of combustion of tobacco this deleterious ammonium cyanide by precipitating it and retaining it in the filter, so as to prevent its entrance into the lungs of the smoker where its evil effects are most pronounced.

In carrying out the principles of my invention, I c011- teinplate the production of a filter relatively small in size which is capable of incorporation in the mouthpiece end of a cigarette or in a cigarette or cigar holder, or in a pipe, the filter being in each instance in the form of a cartridge of such dimensions as are best suited to the particular purpose for which it is to be used. Preferably the filter is of cylindrical form consisting of a helically wound cylinder of paper or other suitable material treated, as will be later explained, with selective detoxicating chemicals adapted to precipitate in the filter from the smoke passing therethrough the deleterious ammonium cyanide contained in the tobacco smoke. While such a helically wound cylinder of paper or other suitable material at present seems preferable as a carrier for the detoxicant, it should be understood that my invention contemplates the employment of other forms of carrier, such as cotton, fiber or other cellulosic material capable of serving as a carrier for the detoxicant.

In order to facilitate an understanding of my invention reference may be had to the accompanying drawing on which:

Figure 1 is a plan view of a treated paper strip embodied in my invention;

Fig. 2 is an edge view thereof;

Fig. 3 is a plan View of another differently treated paper strip;

Fig. 4 is an edge view thereof;

Fig. 5 is a side view of a completed filter; and

Fig. 6 is an end view thereof.

It will be obvious that all of the drawings are on a greatly enlarged scale.

In the production of the preferred embodiment of my invention, the carrier includes one or more strips of paper preferably corrugated or crinkled transversely so that, when rolled into a cylindrical shape, pores or interstices are formed through which the smoke will travel in surface contact with the treated carrier.

Preferably two similar strips of paper such as above described and designated 11 and 12, respectively, are employed, each chemically treated as will now be ex- 2,792,841 Patented May 21, 1957 2 plained. One strip 11 is submerged in or has applied thereto acetic acid (C2H4Oz) indicated by 13. The other' strip 12 is first supplied with a thin film of mild adhesive 14 such as dextrin which is applied to both surfaces thereof by dipping, spraying, or other preferred method of application. Before the adhesive has set the strip is subjected to a treatment with ferrous ferrite (Fe(FeO2.)2) 15 in powdered form which is spread upon one or both surfaces of the strip where it is retained by the previously applied adhesive. Any surplus of the ferrous ferrite adhering to the strip is removed by shaking, blowing or otherwise dispersing the excess. The two strips of paper are then wound in superposed relation into a cylindrical cartridge 16 which may be sealed within a surrounding paper strip, the ends of the cartridge, however, being left open as shown in Fig. 6. The cartridge thus formed may be incorporated in a cigarette or in a holder or in a pipe, so that the smoke in passing through the filter will be brought into intimate contact with the chemically treated surfaces of the carrier.

The ammonium cyanide component of cigarette smoke which is rendered volatile by the combustion of the tobacco and which has heretofore passed unimpeded through filters adapted to remove solid and liquid particles only, in passing through my improved filter is combined with the chemicals of my filter in the following manner.

The tobacco smoke including the volatilized ammonium cyanide in passing through the filter is brought into inti mate contact with the ferrous ferrite (Fe(Fe2)2 by which it is dissociated into ammonia (NHHH) and hydrocyanic acid (HCN), the latter component combining with the ferrous ferrite (Fe(Fez)2) to form ferrie ferrocyanide (Fe4[Fe(CN)el3) a blue crystalline precipitate. The detached ammonia (NHHH) at the same time combines with the acetic acid (C2H4Oz) of the carrier to form ammonium acetate (NHHH, C2H4O2) a white crystalline precipitate. The reactions above indicated are as folows:

The two precipitates, the ferrie ferrocyanide and the ammonium acetate into which the volatilized deleterious ammonium cyanide has been converted are retained in their crystalline form within the filter and thereby prevented from being inhaled as well as the original cyanide from which they were derived.

Instead of employing two strips of paper, one treated with acetic acid and the other with ferrous ferrite as above described, my invention contemplates also the employment of a single strip of paper or similar material treated with both acetic acid and ferrous ferrite. In this form of my invention, the paper strip would first be subjected to an application of acetic acid by dipping, spraying or otherwise, whereupon a light adhesive would be applied in spots or strips to which the ferrous ferrite would then be applied. In this manner a single strip of carrier would present to the smoke passing through the coiled filter alternate surfaces bearing acetic acid and ferrous ferrite, respectively. Contact of the smoke carrying the deleterious ammonium cyanide with such surfaces would result in the conversion of the volatilized cyanide into crystalline precipitates in accordance with the reactions above set forth.

A filter cartridge made in accordance with my invention may, therefore, consist either of coiled superposed strips of carrier each carrying a different chemical or the chemicals may be applied to a single strip so as to present in alternation to the passing smoke chemically treated surfaces adapted to produce the reactions above described which result in the removal from the smoke of the deletcrious ammonium cyanide and the conversion of it into crystalline precipitates capable of being mechanically retained in the filter.

It will be apparent from the foregoing that I have provided a filter which enables the deleterious constituent of nicotine contained in tobacco to be precipitated in the filter, thereby protecting and freeing the smoker from the harmful etects of this toxic substance.

Variations in the form of carrier and in the method of assembly may'ohviously be resorted to without departing from the spirit of my invention as defined in the following claims.

I claim:

l. A tobacco. smoke lilter'comprised of the detoxicating Yagents acetic acid and ferrous ferrite (Fe(FeOz)2) to form precipitates of crystalline character on reaction with deleterious products contained in tobacco smoke which arev adapted to be retained in the filter.

2. A tobacco smoke filter comprising a cartridge containing asy detoxicating agents acetic acid and ferrous ferrite (Fe(FeO2)2) with which the smoke comes in contact in passing through the lterf.

3. A tobacco smoke filter comprising av carrier of brous material arranged to provide interstices for the passage of smoke therethrough and having acetic acid` and ferrous ferrite (Fe(FeO2)z) carried upon the Walls of said interstices,

areas-t1 4. A lter for removing deleterious products from tobaccoI smoke, comprising a. body of paper or the, like ar,- ranged to form passages for the passage of smoke therethrough, the walls of said passages being provided with a coating of acetic acid and ferrous ferrite (Fe(FeO2)z) capable of chemically reacting with the deleterious products in the smoke to convert the same into precipitates which will be retained in the filter.

References Cited in the le of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 70,386 Arnd NOV. 5, 1867 729,218 Reimann May 26, 1903 729,680 Schwartz .lune 2, 1903 2,003,690 Lewton June 4, 1935 2,164,702 Davidson July 4, 1939 2,172,946 Sutter Sept. 12, 1939 2,181,614 Streiing Nov. 28, 1939 2,221,443 Davidson Nov. 12, 1940 2,228,383. Berl Jan. 14, 1941 OTHER REFERENCES Ingalls: Scientific American, June 1936, pages B10-313.

F inclusive, especially cited. l

Claims (1)

1. A TOBACCO SMOKE FILTER COMPRISED OF THE DETOXICATING AGENTS ACETIC ACID AND FERROUS FERRITE (FE(FEO2)2) TO FORM PRECIPITATES OF CRYSTALLINE CHARACTER ON REACTION WITH DELETERIOUS PRODUCTS CONTAINED IN TOBACCO SMOKE WHICH ARE ADAPTED TO BE RETAINED IN THE FILTER.
US2792841A 1953-06-09 1953-06-09 Tobacco smoke filter Expired - Lifetime US2792841A (en)

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Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3006346A (en) * 1958-12-15 1961-10-31 Edwin I Golding Filters for cigarettes and cigars and method of manufacturing same
US3093142A (en) * 1959-08-12 1963-06-11 Celanese Corp Cigarette filter
US3318315A (en) * 1964-06-18 1967-05-09 Ralph H Orter Cigarette holder and smoker
EP0000625A1 (en) * 1977-08-01 1979-02-07 Philip Morris Incorporated Tobacco smoke filter element with alkali ferrate supported on granular material
US4266561A (en) * 1978-04-10 1981-05-12 Brown & Williamson Tobacco Corporation Tobacco smoke filtering compositions
US5732718A (en) * 1994-08-23 1998-03-31 Schweitzer-Mauduit International, Inc. Selective filtration device
US5814390A (en) * 1995-06-30 1998-09-29 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Creased nonwoven web with stretch and recovery
US8808502B1 (en) * 2013-03-29 2014-08-19 Xerox Corporation Substrate treatment processes

Citations (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US70386A (en) * 1867-11-05 Improved mode of treating tobacco
US729218A (en) * 1902-03-17 1903-05-26 Carl Reimann Process of improving tobacco.
US729680A (en) * 1901-08-07 1903-06-02 Wilhelm Schwartz Nicotin-absorber.
US2003690A (en) * 1933-03-28 1935-06-04 Lucy O Lewton Tobacco product
US2164702A (en) * 1936-02-29 1939-07-04 Davidson Glenn Method and apparatus for making cigarette mouthpieces
US2172946A (en) * 1935-09-04 1939-09-12 Roser B Sutter Tobacco smoke purifier
US2181614A (en) * 1939-01-20 1939-11-28 Robert S Striefling Cigarette or the like
US2221443A (en) * 1936-04-28 1940-11-12 Davidson Glenn Mouthpiece cigarette manufacture
US2228383A (en) * 1939-11-22 1941-01-14 Berl Ernst Tobacco smoke filtering

Patent Citations (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US70386A (en) * 1867-11-05 Improved mode of treating tobacco
US729680A (en) * 1901-08-07 1903-06-02 Wilhelm Schwartz Nicotin-absorber.
US729218A (en) * 1902-03-17 1903-05-26 Carl Reimann Process of improving tobacco.
US2003690A (en) * 1933-03-28 1935-06-04 Lucy O Lewton Tobacco product
US2172946A (en) * 1935-09-04 1939-09-12 Roser B Sutter Tobacco smoke purifier
US2164702A (en) * 1936-02-29 1939-07-04 Davidson Glenn Method and apparatus for making cigarette mouthpieces
US2221443A (en) * 1936-04-28 1940-11-12 Davidson Glenn Mouthpiece cigarette manufacture
US2181614A (en) * 1939-01-20 1939-11-28 Robert S Striefling Cigarette or the like
US2228383A (en) * 1939-11-22 1941-01-14 Berl Ernst Tobacco smoke filtering

Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3006346A (en) * 1958-12-15 1961-10-31 Edwin I Golding Filters for cigarettes and cigars and method of manufacturing same
US3093142A (en) * 1959-08-12 1963-06-11 Celanese Corp Cigarette filter
US3318315A (en) * 1964-06-18 1967-05-09 Ralph H Orter Cigarette holder and smoker
EP0000625A1 (en) * 1977-08-01 1979-02-07 Philip Morris Incorporated Tobacco smoke filter element with alkali ferrate supported on granular material
US4246910A (en) * 1977-08-01 1981-01-27 Philip Morris Incorporated Cigarette filter material comprising compounds of iron in high oxidation states
US4266561A (en) * 1978-04-10 1981-05-12 Brown & Williamson Tobacco Corporation Tobacco smoke filtering compositions
US5732718A (en) * 1994-08-23 1998-03-31 Schweitzer-Mauduit International, Inc. Selective filtration device
US5814390A (en) * 1995-06-30 1998-09-29 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Creased nonwoven web with stretch and recovery
US8808502B1 (en) * 2013-03-29 2014-08-19 Xerox Corporation Substrate treatment processes

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