US2775560A - Corrosion inhibitting lubricating compositions - Google Patents

Corrosion inhibitting lubricating compositions Download PDF

Info

Publication number
US2775560A
US2775560A US43835054A US2775560A US 2775560 A US2775560 A US 2775560A US 43835054 A US43835054 A US 43835054A US 2775560 A US2775560 A US 2775560A
Authority
US
Grant status
Grant
Patent type
Prior art keywords
acid
oil
phase
acids
corrosion
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
Inventor
Howard M Lurton
Laurence C Westcott
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Shell Development Co
Original Assignee
Shell Development Co
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Grant date

Links

Images

Classifications

    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C10PETROLEUM, GAS OR COKE INDUSTRIES; TECHNICAL GASES CONTAINING CARBON MONOXIDE; FUELS; LUBRICANTS; PEAT
    • C10MLUBRICATING COMPOSITIONS; USE OF CHEMICAL SUBSTANCES EITHER ALONE OR AS LUBRICATING INGREDIENTS IN A LUBRICATING COMPOSITION
    • C10M1/00Liquid compositions essentially based on mineral lubricating oils or fatty oils; Their use as lubricants
    • C10M1/08Liquid compositions essentially based on mineral lubricating oils or fatty oils; Their use as lubricants with additives
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C10PETROLEUM, GAS OR COKE INDUSTRIES; TECHNICAL GASES CONTAINING CARBON MONOXIDE; FUELS; LUBRICANTS; PEAT
    • C10MLUBRICATING COMPOSITIONS; USE OF CHEMICAL SUBSTANCES EITHER ALONE OR AS LUBRICATING INGREDIENTS IN A LUBRICATING COMPOSITION
    • C10M2203/00Organic non-macromolecular hydrocarbon compounds and hydrocarbon fractions as ingredients in lubricant compositions
    • C10M2203/10Petroleum or coal fractions, e.g. tars, solvents, bitumen
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C10PETROLEUM, GAS OR COKE INDUSTRIES; TECHNICAL GASES CONTAINING CARBON MONOXIDE; FUELS; LUBRICANTS; PEAT
    • C10MLUBRICATING COMPOSITIONS; USE OF CHEMICAL SUBSTANCES EITHER ALONE OR AS LUBRICATING INGREDIENTS IN A LUBRICATING COMPOSITION
    • C10M2205/00Organic macromolecular hydrocarbon compounds or fractions, whether or not modified by oxidation as ingredients in lubricant compositions
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C10PETROLEUM, GAS OR COKE INDUSTRIES; TECHNICAL GASES CONTAINING CARBON MONOXIDE; FUELS; LUBRICANTS; PEAT
    • C10MLUBRICATING COMPOSITIONS; USE OF CHEMICAL SUBSTANCES EITHER ALONE OR AS LUBRICATING INGREDIENTS IN A LUBRICATING COMPOSITION
    • C10M2207/00Organic non-macromolecular hydrocarbon compounds containing hydrogen, carbon and oxygen as ingredients in lubricant compositions
    • C10M2207/02Hydroxy compounds
    • C10M2207/023Hydroxy compounds having hydroxy groups bound to carbon atoms of six-membered aromatic rings
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C10PETROLEUM, GAS OR COKE INDUSTRIES; TECHNICAL GASES CONTAINING CARBON MONOXIDE; FUELS; LUBRICANTS; PEAT
    • C10MLUBRICATING COMPOSITIONS; USE OF CHEMICAL SUBSTANCES EITHER ALONE OR AS LUBRICATING INGREDIENTS IN A LUBRICATING COMPOSITION
    • C10M2207/00Organic non-macromolecular hydrocarbon compounds containing hydrogen, carbon and oxygen as ingredients in lubricant compositions
    • C10M2207/02Hydroxy compounds
    • C10M2207/023Hydroxy compounds having hydroxy groups bound to carbon atoms of six-membered aromatic rings
    • C10M2207/024Hydroxy compounds having hydroxy groups bound to carbon atoms of six-membered aromatic rings having at least two phenol groups but no condensed ring
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C10PETROLEUM, GAS OR COKE INDUSTRIES; TECHNICAL GASES CONTAINING CARBON MONOXIDE; FUELS; LUBRICANTS; PEAT
    • C10MLUBRICATING COMPOSITIONS; USE OF CHEMICAL SUBSTANCES EITHER ALONE OR AS LUBRICATING INGREDIENTS IN A LUBRICATING COMPOSITION
    • C10M2207/00Organic non-macromolecular hydrocarbon compounds containing hydrogen, carbon and oxygen as ingredients in lubricant compositions
    • C10M2207/02Hydroxy compounds
    • C10M2207/023Hydroxy compounds having hydroxy groups bound to carbon atoms of six-membered aromatic rings
    • C10M2207/026Hydroxy compounds having hydroxy groups bound to carbon atoms of six-membered aromatic rings with tertiary alkyl groups
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C10PETROLEUM, GAS OR COKE INDUSTRIES; TECHNICAL GASES CONTAINING CARBON MONOXIDE; FUELS; LUBRICANTS; PEAT
    • C10MLUBRICATING COMPOSITIONS; USE OF CHEMICAL SUBSTANCES EITHER ALONE OR AS LUBRICATING INGREDIENTS IN A LUBRICATING COMPOSITION
    • C10M2207/00Organic non-macromolecular hydrocarbon compounds containing hydrogen, carbon and oxygen as ingredients in lubricant compositions
    • C10M2207/10Carboxylix acids; Neutral salts thereof
    • C10M2207/12Carboxylix acids; Neutral salts thereof having carboxyl groups bound to acyclic or cycloaliphatic carbon atoms
    • C10M2207/121Carboxylix acids; Neutral salts thereof having carboxyl groups bound to acyclic or cycloaliphatic carbon atoms having hydrocarbon chains of seven or less carbon atoms
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C10PETROLEUM, GAS OR COKE INDUSTRIES; TECHNICAL GASES CONTAINING CARBON MONOXIDE; FUELS; LUBRICANTS; PEAT
    • C10MLUBRICATING COMPOSITIONS; USE OF CHEMICAL SUBSTANCES EITHER ALONE OR AS LUBRICATING INGREDIENTS IN A LUBRICATING COMPOSITION
    • C10M2207/00Organic non-macromolecular hydrocarbon compounds containing hydrogen, carbon and oxygen as ingredients in lubricant compositions
    • C10M2207/10Carboxylix acids; Neutral salts thereof
    • C10M2207/12Carboxylix acids; Neutral salts thereof having carboxyl groups bound to acyclic or cycloaliphatic carbon atoms
    • C10M2207/121Carboxylix acids; Neutral salts thereof having carboxyl groups bound to acyclic or cycloaliphatic carbon atoms having hydrocarbon chains of seven or less carbon atoms
    • C10M2207/122Carboxylix acids; Neutral salts thereof having carboxyl groups bound to acyclic or cycloaliphatic carbon atoms having hydrocarbon chains of seven or less carbon atoms monocarboxylic
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C10PETROLEUM, GAS OR COKE INDUSTRIES; TECHNICAL GASES CONTAINING CARBON MONOXIDE; FUELS; LUBRICANTS; PEAT
    • C10MLUBRICATING COMPOSITIONS; USE OF CHEMICAL SUBSTANCES EITHER ALONE OR AS LUBRICATING INGREDIENTS IN A LUBRICATING COMPOSITION
    • C10M2207/00Organic non-macromolecular hydrocarbon compounds containing hydrogen, carbon and oxygen as ingredients in lubricant compositions
    • C10M2207/10Carboxylix acids; Neutral salts thereof
    • C10M2207/12Carboxylix acids; Neutral salts thereof having carboxyl groups bound to acyclic or cycloaliphatic carbon atoms
    • C10M2207/121Carboxylix acids; Neutral salts thereof having carboxyl groups bound to acyclic or cycloaliphatic carbon atoms having hydrocarbon chains of seven or less carbon atoms
    • C10M2207/123Carboxylix acids; Neutral salts thereof having carboxyl groups bound to acyclic or cycloaliphatic carbon atoms having hydrocarbon chains of seven or less carbon atoms polycarboxylic
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C10PETROLEUM, GAS OR COKE INDUSTRIES; TECHNICAL GASES CONTAINING CARBON MONOXIDE; FUELS; LUBRICANTS; PEAT
    • C10MLUBRICATING COMPOSITIONS; USE OF CHEMICAL SUBSTANCES EITHER ALONE OR AS LUBRICATING INGREDIENTS IN A LUBRICATING COMPOSITION
    • C10M2207/00Organic non-macromolecular hydrocarbon compounds containing hydrogen, carbon and oxygen as ingredients in lubricant compositions
    • C10M2207/10Carboxylix acids; Neutral salts thereof
    • C10M2207/12Carboxylix acids; Neutral salts thereof having carboxyl groups bound to acyclic or cycloaliphatic carbon atoms
    • C10M2207/121Carboxylix acids; Neutral salts thereof having carboxyl groups bound to acyclic or cycloaliphatic carbon atoms having hydrocarbon chains of seven or less carbon atoms
    • C10M2207/124Carboxylix acids; Neutral salts thereof having carboxyl groups bound to acyclic or cycloaliphatic carbon atoms having hydrocarbon chains of seven or less carbon atoms containing hydroxy groups; Ethers thereof
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C10PETROLEUM, GAS OR COKE INDUSTRIES; TECHNICAL GASES CONTAINING CARBON MONOXIDE; FUELS; LUBRICANTS; PEAT
    • C10MLUBRICATING COMPOSITIONS; USE OF CHEMICAL SUBSTANCES EITHER ALONE OR AS LUBRICATING INGREDIENTS IN A LUBRICATING COMPOSITION
    • C10M2207/00Organic non-macromolecular hydrocarbon compounds containing hydrogen, carbon and oxygen as ingredients in lubricant compositions
    • C10M2207/10Carboxylix acids; Neutral salts thereof
    • C10M2207/12Carboxylix acids; Neutral salts thereof having carboxyl groups bound to acyclic or cycloaliphatic carbon atoms
    • C10M2207/125Carboxylix acids; Neutral salts thereof having carboxyl groups bound to acyclic or cycloaliphatic carbon atoms having hydrocarbon chains of eight up to twenty-nine carbon atoms, i.e. fatty acids
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C10PETROLEUM, GAS OR COKE INDUSTRIES; TECHNICAL GASES CONTAINING CARBON MONOXIDE; FUELS; LUBRICANTS; PEAT
    • C10MLUBRICATING COMPOSITIONS; USE OF CHEMICAL SUBSTANCES EITHER ALONE OR AS LUBRICATING INGREDIENTS IN A LUBRICATING COMPOSITION
    • C10M2207/00Organic non-macromolecular hydrocarbon compounds containing hydrogen, carbon and oxygen as ingredients in lubricant compositions
    • C10M2207/10Carboxylix acids; Neutral salts thereof
    • C10M2207/12Carboxylix acids; Neutral salts thereof having carboxyl groups bound to acyclic or cycloaliphatic carbon atoms
    • C10M2207/129Carboxylix acids; Neutral salts thereof having carboxyl groups bound to acyclic or cycloaliphatic carbon atoms having hydrocarbon chains of thirty or more carbon atoms
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C10PETROLEUM, GAS OR COKE INDUSTRIES; TECHNICAL GASES CONTAINING CARBON MONOXIDE; FUELS; LUBRICANTS; PEAT
    • C10MLUBRICATING COMPOSITIONS; USE OF CHEMICAL SUBSTANCES EITHER ALONE OR AS LUBRICATING INGREDIENTS IN A LUBRICATING COMPOSITION
    • C10M2207/00Organic non-macromolecular hydrocarbon compounds containing hydrogen, carbon and oxygen as ingredients in lubricant compositions
    • C10M2207/10Carboxylix acids; Neutral salts thereof
    • C10M2207/14Carboxylix acids; Neutral salts thereof having carboxyl groups bound to carbon atoms of six-membered aromatic rings
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C10PETROLEUM, GAS OR COKE INDUSTRIES; TECHNICAL GASES CONTAINING CARBON MONOXIDE; FUELS; LUBRICANTS; PEAT
    • C10MLUBRICATING COMPOSITIONS; USE OF CHEMICAL SUBSTANCES EITHER ALONE OR AS LUBRICATING INGREDIENTS IN A LUBRICATING COMPOSITION
    • C10M2207/00Organic non-macromolecular hydrocarbon compounds containing hydrogen, carbon and oxygen as ingredients in lubricant compositions
    • C10M2207/10Carboxylix acids; Neutral salts thereof
    • C10M2207/14Carboxylix acids; Neutral salts thereof having carboxyl groups bound to carbon atoms of six-membered aromatic rings
    • C10M2207/141Carboxylix acids; Neutral salts thereof having carboxyl groups bound to carbon atoms of six-membered aromatic rings monocarboxylic
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C10PETROLEUM, GAS OR COKE INDUSTRIES; TECHNICAL GASES CONTAINING CARBON MONOXIDE; FUELS; LUBRICANTS; PEAT
    • C10MLUBRICATING COMPOSITIONS; USE OF CHEMICAL SUBSTANCES EITHER ALONE OR AS LUBRICATING INGREDIENTS IN A LUBRICATING COMPOSITION
    • C10M2207/00Organic non-macromolecular hydrocarbon compounds containing hydrogen, carbon and oxygen as ingredients in lubricant compositions
    • C10M2207/10Carboxylix acids; Neutral salts thereof
    • C10M2207/14Carboxylix acids; Neutral salts thereof having carboxyl groups bound to carbon atoms of six-membered aromatic rings
    • C10M2207/142Carboxylix acids; Neutral salts thereof having carboxyl groups bound to carbon atoms of six-membered aromatic rings polycarboxylic
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C10PETROLEUM, GAS OR COKE INDUSTRIES; TECHNICAL GASES CONTAINING CARBON MONOXIDE; FUELS; LUBRICANTS; PEAT
    • C10MLUBRICATING COMPOSITIONS; USE OF CHEMICAL SUBSTANCES EITHER ALONE OR AS LUBRICATING INGREDIENTS IN A LUBRICATING COMPOSITION
    • C10M2207/00Organic non-macromolecular hydrocarbon compounds containing hydrogen, carbon and oxygen as ingredients in lubricant compositions
    • C10M2207/10Carboxylix acids; Neutral salts thereof
    • C10M2207/14Carboxylix acids; Neutral salts thereof having carboxyl groups bound to carbon atoms of six-membered aromatic rings
    • C10M2207/144Carboxylix acids; Neutral salts thereof having carboxyl groups bound to carbon atoms of six-membered aromatic rings containing hydroxy groups
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C10PETROLEUM, GAS OR COKE INDUSTRIES; TECHNICAL GASES CONTAINING CARBON MONOXIDE; FUELS; LUBRICANTS; PEAT
    • C10MLUBRICATING COMPOSITIONS; USE OF CHEMICAL SUBSTANCES EITHER ALONE OR AS LUBRICATING INGREDIENTS IN A LUBRICATING COMPOSITION
    • C10M2207/00Organic non-macromolecular hydrocarbon compounds containing hydrogen, carbon and oxygen as ingredients in lubricant compositions
    • C10M2207/10Carboxylix acids; Neutral salts thereof
    • C10M2207/14Carboxylix acids; Neutral salts thereof having carboxyl groups bound to carbon atoms of six-membered aromatic rings
    • C10M2207/146Carboxylix acids; Neutral salts thereof having carboxyl groups bound to carbon atoms of six-membered aromatic rings having carboxyl groups bound to carbon atoms of six-membeered aromatic rings having a hydrocarbon substituent of thirty or more carbon atoms
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C10PETROLEUM, GAS OR COKE INDUSTRIES; TECHNICAL GASES CONTAINING CARBON MONOXIDE; FUELS; LUBRICANTS; PEAT
    • C10MLUBRICATING COMPOSITIONS; USE OF CHEMICAL SUBSTANCES EITHER ALONE OR AS LUBRICATING INGREDIENTS IN A LUBRICATING COMPOSITION
    • C10M2207/00Organic non-macromolecular hydrocarbon compounds containing hydrogen, carbon and oxygen as ingredients in lubricant compositions
    • C10M2207/10Carboxylix acids; Neutral salts thereof
    • C10M2207/22Acids obtained from polymerised unsaturated acids
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C10PETROLEUM, GAS OR COKE INDUSTRIES; TECHNICAL GASES CONTAINING CARBON MONOXIDE; FUELS; LUBRICANTS; PEAT
    • C10MLUBRICATING COMPOSITIONS; USE OF CHEMICAL SUBSTANCES EITHER ALONE OR AS LUBRICATING INGREDIENTS IN A LUBRICATING COMPOSITION
    • C10M2207/00Organic non-macromolecular hydrocarbon compounds containing hydrogen, carbon and oxygen as ingredients in lubricant compositions
    • C10M2207/28Esters
    • C10M2207/282Esters of (cyclo)aliphatic oolycarboxylic acids
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C10PETROLEUM, GAS OR COKE INDUSTRIES; TECHNICAL GASES CONTAINING CARBON MONOXIDE; FUELS; LUBRICANTS; PEAT
    • C10MLUBRICATING COMPOSITIONS; USE OF CHEMICAL SUBSTANCES EITHER ALONE OR AS LUBRICATING INGREDIENTS IN A LUBRICATING COMPOSITION
    • C10M2207/00Organic non-macromolecular hydrocarbon compounds containing hydrogen, carbon and oxygen as ingredients in lubricant compositions
    • C10M2207/28Esters
    • C10M2207/287Partial esters
    • C10M2207/288Partial esters containing free carboxyl groups
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C10PETROLEUM, GAS OR COKE INDUSTRIES; TECHNICAL GASES CONTAINING CARBON MONOXIDE; FUELS; LUBRICANTS; PEAT
    • C10MLUBRICATING COMPOSITIONS; USE OF CHEMICAL SUBSTANCES EITHER ALONE OR AS LUBRICATING INGREDIENTS IN A LUBRICATING COMPOSITION
    • C10M2207/00Organic non-macromolecular hydrocarbon compounds containing hydrogen, carbon and oxygen as ingredients in lubricant compositions
    • C10M2207/28Esters
    • C10M2207/34Esters having a hydrocarbon substituent of thirty or more carbon atoms, e.g. substituted succinic acid derivatives
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C10PETROLEUM, GAS OR COKE INDUSTRIES; TECHNICAL GASES CONTAINING CARBON MONOXIDE; FUELS; LUBRICANTS; PEAT
    • C10MLUBRICATING COMPOSITIONS; USE OF CHEMICAL SUBSTANCES EITHER ALONE OR AS LUBRICATING INGREDIENTS IN A LUBRICATING COMPOSITION
    • C10M2215/00Organic non-macromolecular compounds containing nitrogen as ingredients in lubricant compositions
    • C10M2215/08Amides
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C10PETROLEUM, GAS OR COKE INDUSTRIES; TECHNICAL GASES CONTAINING CARBON MONOXIDE; FUELS; LUBRICANTS; PEAT
    • C10MLUBRICATING COMPOSITIONS; USE OF CHEMICAL SUBSTANCES EITHER ALONE OR AS LUBRICATING INGREDIENTS IN A LUBRICATING COMPOSITION
    • C10M2215/00Organic non-macromolecular compounds containing nitrogen as ingredients in lubricant compositions
    • C10M2215/08Amides
    • C10M2215/082Amides containing hydroxyl groups; Alkoxylated derivatives
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C10PETROLEUM, GAS OR COKE INDUSTRIES; TECHNICAL GASES CONTAINING CARBON MONOXIDE; FUELS; LUBRICANTS; PEAT
    • C10MLUBRICATING COMPOSITIONS; USE OF CHEMICAL SUBSTANCES EITHER ALONE OR AS LUBRICATING INGREDIENTS IN A LUBRICATING COMPOSITION
    • C10M2215/00Organic non-macromolecular compounds containing nitrogen as ingredients in lubricant compositions
    • C10M2215/12Partial amides of polycarboxylic acids
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C10PETROLEUM, GAS OR COKE INDUSTRIES; TECHNICAL GASES CONTAINING CARBON MONOXIDE; FUELS; LUBRICANTS; PEAT
    • C10MLUBRICATING COMPOSITIONS; USE OF CHEMICAL SUBSTANCES EITHER ALONE OR AS LUBRICATING INGREDIENTS IN A LUBRICATING COMPOSITION
    • C10M2215/00Organic non-macromolecular compounds containing nitrogen as ingredients in lubricant compositions
    • C10M2215/28Amides; Imides
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C10PETROLEUM, GAS OR COKE INDUSTRIES; TECHNICAL GASES CONTAINING CARBON MONOXIDE; FUELS; LUBRICANTS; PEAT
    • C10MLUBRICATING COMPOSITIONS; USE OF CHEMICAL SUBSTANCES EITHER ALONE OR AS LUBRICATING INGREDIENTS IN A LUBRICATING COMPOSITION
    • C10M2219/00Organic non-macromolecular compounds containing sulfur, selenium or tellurium as ingredients in lubricant compositions
    • C10M2219/02Sulfur-containing compounds obtained by sulfurisation with sulfur or sulfur-containing compounds
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C10PETROLEUM, GAS OR COKE INDUSTRIES; TECHNICAL GASES CONTAINING CARBON MONOXIDE; FUELS; LUBRICANTS; PEAT
    • C10MLUBRICATING COMPOSITIONS; USE OF CHEMICAL SUBSTANCES EITHER ALONE OR AS LUBRICATING INGREDIENTS IN A LUBRICATING COMPOSITION
    • C10M2219/00Organic non-macromolecular compounds containing sulfur, selenium or tellurium as ingredients in lubricant compositions
    • C10M2219/02Sulfur-containing compounds obtained by sulfurisation with sulfur or sulfur-containing compounds
    • C10M2219/022Sulfur-containing compounds obtained by sulfurisation with sulfur or sulfur-containing compounds of hydrocarbons, e.g. olefines
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C10PETROLEUM, GAS OR COKE INDUSTRIES; TECHNICAL GASES CONTAINING CARBON MONOXIDE; FUELS; LUBRICANTS; PEAT
    • C10MLUBRICATING COMPOSITIONS; USE OF CHEMICAL SUBSTANCES EITHER ALONE OR AS LUBRICATING INGREDIENTS IN A LUBRICATING COMPOSITION
    • C10M2219/00Organic non-macromolecular compounds containing sulfur, selenium or tellurium as ingredients in lubricant compositions
    • C10M2219/02Sulfur-containing compounds obtained by sulfurisation with sulfur or sulfur-containing compounds
    • C10M2219/024Sulfur-containing compounds obtained by sulfurisation with sulfur or sulfur-containing compounds of esters, e.g. fats
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C10PETROLEUM, GAS OR COKE INDUSTRIES; TECHNICAL GASES CONTAINING CARBON MONOXIDE; FUELS; LUBRICANTS; PEAT
    • C10MLUBRICATING COMPOSITIONS; USE OF CHEMICAL SUBSTANCES EITHER ALONE OR AS LUBRICATING INGREDIENTS IN A LUBRICATING COMPOSITION
    • C10M2219/00Organic non-macromolecular compounds containing sulfur, selenium or tellurium as ingredients in lubricant compositions
    • C10M2219/06Thio-acids; Thiocyanates; Derivatives thereof
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C10PETROLEUM, GAS OR COKE INDUSTRIES; TECHNICAL GASES CONTAINING CARBON MONOXIDE; FUELS; LUBRICANTS; PEAT
    • C10MLUBRICATING COMPOSITIONS; USE OF CHEMICAL SUBSTANCES EITHER ALONE OR AS LUBRICATING INGREDIENTS IN A LUBRICATING COMPOSITION
    • C10M2219/00Organic non-macromolecular compounds containing sulfur, selenium or tellurium as ingredients in lubricant compositions
    • C10M2219/08Thiols; Sulfides; Polysulfides; Mercaptals
    • C10M2219/082Thiols; Sulfides; Polysulfides; Mercaptals containing sulfur atoms bound to acyclic or cycloaliphatic carbon atoms
    • C10M2219/085Thiols; Sulfides; Polysulfides; Mercaptals containing sulfur atoms bound to acyclic or cycloaliphatic carbon atoms containing carboxyl groups; Derivatives thereof
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C10PETROLEUM, GAS OR COKE INDUSTRIES; TECHNICAL GASES CONTAINING CARBON MONOXIDE; FUELS; LUBRICANTS; PEAT
    • C10MLUBRICATING COMPOSITIONS; USE OF CHEMICAL SUBSTANCES EITHER ALONE OR AS LUBRICATING INGREDIENTS IN A LUBRICATING COMPOSITION
    • C10M2223/00Organic non-macromolecular compounds containing phosphorus as ingredients in lubricant compositions
    • C10M2223/02Organic non-macromolecular compounds containing phosphorus as ingredients in lubricant compositions having no phosphorus-to-carbon bonds
    • C10M2223/04Phosphate esters
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C10PETROLEUM, GAS OR COKE INDUSTRIES; TECHNICAL GASES CONTAINING CARBON MONOXIDE; FUELS; LUBRICANTS; PEAT
    • C10MLUBRICATING COMPOSITIONS; USE OF CHEMICAL SUBSTANCES EITHER ALONE OR AS LUBRICATING INGREDIENTS IN A LUBRICATING COMPOSITION
    • C10M2223/00Organic non-macromolecular compounds containing phosphorus as ingredients in lubricant compositions
    • C10M2223/02Organic non-macromolecular compounds containing phosphorus as ingredients in lubricant compositions having no phosphorus-to-carbon bonds
    • C10M2223/04Phosphate esters
    • C10M2223/042Metal salts thereof
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C10PETROLEUM, GAS OR COKE INDUSTRIES; TECHNICAL GASES CONTAINING CARBON MONOXIDE; FUELS; LUBRICANTS; PEAT
    • C10MLUBRICATING COMPOSITIONS; USE OF CHEMICAL SUBSTANCES EITHER ALONE OR AS LUBRICATING INGREDIENTS IN A LUBRICATING COMPOSITION
    • C10M2229/00Organic macromolecular compounds containing atoms of elements not provided for in groups C10M2205/00, C10M2209/00, C10M2213/00, C10M2217/00, C10M2221/00 or C10M2225/00 as ingredients in lubricant compositions
    • C10M2229/02Unspecified siloxanes; Silicones
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C10PETROLEUM, GAS OR COKE INDUSTRIES; TECHNICAL GASES CONTAINING CARBON MONOXIDE; FUELS; LUBRICANTS; PEAT
    • C10MLUBRICATING COMPOSITIONS; USE OF CHEMICAL SUBSTANCES EITHER ALONE OR AS LUBRICATING INGREDIENTS IN A LUBRICATING COMPOSITION
    • C10M2229/00Organic macromolecular compounds containing atoms of elements not provided for in groups C10M2205/00, C10M2209/00, C10M2213/00, C10M2217/00, C10M2221/00 or C10M2225/00 as ingredients in lubricant compositions
    • C10M2229/04Siloxanes with specific structure
    • C10M2229/041Siloxanes with specific structure containing aliphatic substituents
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C10PETROLEUM, GAS OR COKE INDUSTRIES; TECHNICAL GASES CONTAINING CARBON MONOXIDE; FUELS; LUBRICANTS; PEAT
    • C10MLUBRICATING COMPOSITIONS; USE OF CHEMICAL SUBSTANCES EITHER ALONE OR AS LUBRICATING INGREDIENTS IN A LUBRICATING COMPOSITION
    • C10M2229/00Organic macromolecular compounds containing atoms of elements not provided for in groups C10M2205/00, C10M2209/00, C10M2213/00, C10M2217/00, C10M2221/00 or C10M2225/00 as ingredients in lubricant compositions
    • C10M2229/04Siloxanes with specific structure
    • C10M2229/05Siloxanes with specific structure containing atoms other than silicon, hydrogen, oxygen or carbon
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C10PETROLEUM, GAS OR COKE INDUSTRIES; TECHNICAL GASES CONTAINING CARBON MONOXIDE; FUELS; LUBRICANTS; PEAT
    • C10NINDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBCLASS C10M RELATING TO LUBRICATING COMPOSITIONS
    • C10N2210/00Nature of the metal present as such or in compounds, i.e. in salts
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C10PETROLEUM, GAS OR COKE INDUSTRIES; TECHNICAL GASES CONTAINING CARBON MONOXIDE; FUELS; LUBRICANTS; PEAT
    • C10NINDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBCLASS C10M RELATING TO LUBRICATING COMPOSITIONS
    • C10N2240/00Specified uses or applications of lubricating compositions
    • C10N2240/04Gear oil
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C10PETROLEUM, GAS OR COKE INDUSTRIES; TECHNICAL GASES CONTAINING CARBON MONOXIDE; FUELS; LUBRICANTS; PEAT
    • C10NINDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBCLASS C10M RELATING TO LUBRICATING COMPOSITIONS
    • C10N2240/00Specified uses or applications of lubricating compositions
    • C10N2240/04Gear oil
    • C10N2240/042Gear oil for automatic transmissions
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C10PETROLEUM, GAS OR COKE INDUSTRIES; TECHNICAL GASES CONTAINING CARBON MONOXIDE; FUELS; LUBRICANTS; PEAT
    • C10NINDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBCLASS C10M RELATING TO LUBRICATING COMPOSITIONS
    • C10N2240/00Specified uses or applications of lubricating compositions
    • C10N2240/04Gear oil
    • C10N2240/044Gear oil for manual transmissions
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C10PETROLEUM, GAS OR COKE INDUSTRIES; TECHNICAL GASES CONTAINING CARBON MONOXIDE; FUELS; LUBRICANTS; PEAT
    • C10NINDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBCLASS C10M RELATING TO LUBRICATING COMPOSITIONS
    • C10N2240/00Specified uses or applications of lubricating compositions
    • C10N2240/04Gear oil
    • C10N2240/046Gear oil for traction drives
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C10PETROLEUM, GAS OR COKE INDUSTRIES; TECHNICAL GASES CONTAINING CARBON MONOXIDE; FUELS; LUBRICANTS; PEAT
    • C10NINDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBCLASS C10M RELATING TO LUBRICATING COMPOSITIONS
    • C10N2240/00Specified uses or applications of lubricating compositions
    • C10N2240/08Hydraulic fluids, e.g. for brakes, clutches
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C10PETROLEUM, GAS OR COKE INDUSTRIES; TECHNICAL GASES CONTAINING CARBON MONOXIDE; FUELS; LUBRICANTS; PEAT
    • C10NINDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBCLASS C10M RELATING TO LUBRICATING COMPOSITIONS
    • C10N2240/00Specified uses or applications of lubricating compositions
    • C10N2240/14Steam engines or turbines
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C10PETROLEUM, GAS OR COKE INDUSTRIES; TECHNICAL GASES CONTAINING CARBON MONOXIDE; FUELS; LUBRICANTS; PEAT
    • C10NINDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBCLASS C10M RELATING TO LUBRICATING COMPOSITIONS
    • C10N2240/00Specified uses or applications of lubricating compositions
    • C10N2240/40Metal working
    • C10N2240/401Metal working with removal of material, e.g. cutting, grinding, drilling
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C10PETROLEUM, GAS OR COKE INDUSTRIES; TECHNICAL GASES CONTAINING CARBON MONOXIDE; FUELS; LUBRICANTS; PEAT
    • C10NINDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBCLASS C10M RELATING TO LUBRICATING COMPOSITIONS
    • C10N2240/00Specified uses or applications of lubricating compositions
    • C10N2240/40Metal working
    • C10N2240/402Metal working without removal of material, e.g. forming, gorging, drawing, pressing, stamping, rolling, extruding
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C10PETROLEUM, GAS OR COKE INDUSTRIES; TECHNICAL GASES CONTAINING CARBON MONOXIDE; FUELS; LUBRICANTS; PEAT
    • C10NINDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBCLASS C10M RELATING TO LUBRICATING COMPOSITIONS
    • C10N2240/00Specified uses or applications of lubricating compositions
    • C10N2240/40Metal working
    • C10N2240/403Manufacturing joint less pipes
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C10PETROLEUM, GAS OR COKE INDUSTRIES; TECHNICAL GASES CONTAINING CARBON MONOXIDE; FUELS; LUBRICANTS; PEAT
    • C10NINDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBCLASS C10M RELATING TO LUBRICATING COMPOSITIONS
    • C10N2240/00Specified uses or applications of lubricating compositions
    • C10N2240/40Metal working
    • C10N2240/404Hot working
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C10PETROLEUM, GAS OR COKE INDUSTRIES; TECHNICAL GASES CONTAINING CARBON MONOXIDE; FUELS; LUBRICANTS; PEAT
    • C10NINDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBCLASS C10M RELATING TO LUBRICATING COMPOSITIONS
    • C10N2240/00Specified uses or applications of lubricating compositions
    • C10N2240/40Metal working
    • C10N2240/405Cold working
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C10PETROLEUM, GAS OR COKE INDUSTRIES; TECHNICAL GASES CONTAINING CARBON MONOXIDE; FUELS; LUBRICANTS; PEAT
    • C10NINDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBCLASS C10M RELATING TO LUBRICATING COMPOSITIONS
    • C10N2240/00Specified uses or applications of lubricating compositions
    • C10N2240/40Metal working
    • C10N2240/406Metal working of specific metals
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C10PETROLEUM, GAS OR COKE INDUSTRIES; TECHNICAL GASES CONTAINING CARBON MONOXIDE; FUELS; LUBRICANTS; PEAT
    • C10NINDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBCLASS C10M RELATING TO LUBRICATING COMPOSITIONS
    • C10N2240/00Specified uses or applications of lubricating compositions
    • C10N2240/40Metal working
    • C10N2240/406Metal working of specific metals
    • C10N2240/407Soft metals, e.g. aluminium
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C10PETROLEUM, GAS OR COKE INDUSTRIES; TECHNICAL GASES CONTAINING CARBON MONOXIDE; FUELS; LUBRICANTS; PEAT
    • C10NINDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBCLASS C10M RELATING TO LUBRICATING COMPOSITIONS
    • C10N2240/00Specified uses or applications of lubricating compositions
    • C10N2240/40Metal working
    • C10N2240/406Metal working of specific metals
    • C10N2240/408Iron or steel
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C10PETROLEUM, GAS OR COKE INDUSTRIES; TECHNICAL GASES CONTAINING CARBON MONOXIDE; FUELS; LUBRICANTS; PEAT
    • C10NINDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBCLASS C10M RELATING TO LUBRICATING COMPOSITIONS
    • C10N2240/00Specified uses or applications of lubricating compositions
    • C10N2240/40Metal working
    • C10N2240/406Metal working of specific metals
    • C10N2240/409Metal working of specific metals stainless steel

Description

2,775,560 Patented Dec. 25, 1956 CORROSION INHIBITING LUBRICATING COMPOSITIONS Howard M. Lurton, Dow, and Laurence C. Westcott, Edwardsvilie, IiL, assignors to Shell Development Company, New York, N. Y., a corporation of Delaware No Drawing. Application June 21, 1954, SeriaiNo. 438,350

4 Claims. (Cl. 25248.6)

This invention relates to new and improved corrosion inhibiting compositions having excellent lubricating properties.

A serious problem in the field of lubrication and hydraulic systems exists where normally effective corrosion inhibiting lubricants or hydraulic fluids cannot continuously come in contact with parts of equipment they are supposed to lubricate and protect. Thus, during idle periods or on storage not all partsare protected by the contacting lubricant and these parts become susceptible to rust and corrosion. This problem becomes particularly grave where corrosive gases, moisture, high temperatures and other corrosion producing factors are present or form as in steam turbine lubricants, turbine oils, and various equipment such as hydrauli equipment, which comes in contact with moisture and the like.

It has now been discovered that the above objects can be attained by addition to various lubricating oil compositions, such as turbine oils and the like, a minor amount of a particular type-of vapor phase corrosion inhibiting agent selected from low molecular weight aliphatic monocarboxylicacids containing from 8.to carbon atoms in the molecule. The acids can .bestraightchain, branched, saturated or unsaturated, aliphatic monocarboxylic acids of which the C3 to C10 straightchain aliphatic monocarboxylic acids are preferred. Included, however, among these acids are the saturated aliphatic monocarboxylic ac1ds such as the straight-chain, octanoic, nonanoic, decanoic, acids; branched chain aliphatic acids such as isononanoic acid and 3,5,5-trimethyl hexanoic acid and the like. Of the acids, the straightchain aliphatic monocarboxylic acids are preferred, namely, the n-octanoic, n-nonanoic andn-decanoic acids.

The manner in which these acids function as vapor phase corrosion inhibitors particularly at ambient temperatures in systems of this invention is not clearly understood. However, these acids have been foundto function as efiiective vapor phase corrosion inhibitors from oil solutions thereof.

These vapor phase corrosion inhibiting acids are effective when added torvarious types of lubricating oils but are particularly useful in compounded lubricating oils containing as active agents one or more of the following class of compounds (a) oil-soluble sulfur-containing compounds such as sulfurized oils and derivatives thereof such as sulfurized fatty oils and sulfurized fatty acids, examplified by sulfurized sperm or whale oils and sulfurized oleic, linoleic and dimerized 'linoleic acids; (b) oil-soluble phenolic compounds such as alkylated phenols which are illustrated by 2,6-ditertiarybutyl-4-methyl phenol, 2,4,6 -.trimethylphenol, 2,4.-.dimethyl-6-tertiarybutyl phenol; 2,2'-methylene bis(4-methyl-6-tertiarybutyl phenol); (c) oil-soluble aliphatic polycarboxylic acids and/or amides or partial esters of said acids such as monoor polyalkylor alkenylapolycarboxylic acids, wherein the alkyl or alkenyl group or groups. contain from 3 to 36 and preferably from 8 to 18 carbon atoms. Such acids include oil-soluble C6 to C36 and preferably C8 to C18 alkylor alkenyl-malonic, succinic, glutaric, adipic, pimelic, sebac-ic, azelaic, tartaric, citric, ma-leic, citraconic acids, of which the preferred acids are C16- alkenylsuccinic acid, Cra-alkeny-lsuccinic acid, Cas-alkenylsuccinic acid, and corresponding alkylsuccinic acids, Cm-Cm-alkyltartaric acid, Cin-Cia-alkylmalonic acid. Partial or full amides and/or the partial esters of these acids can be used, and include alkylsuccinic acid monoamide or monoo'leyl alkenylsuccinate, monooctyl alkylsebacate, monobutyl alkyltartrate, monoisopropyl citrate, mono 2-ethylhexyl citrate, ester of wax phenol and alkenylsuccinic acid, ethyl decanylsuccinate, decyl isobutenylsuccinate, alkenylsuccinic acid mono (-dicyclohexyl)amide, Cm-alkenylsuccinic acid mono (Z-ethylhexyl)amide, C1sa1kenylsuccinic acid monoamide; alkenylthiosuccinic acid, alkenylthiotartaric acid, 2-(1- thiotridecyl)succinic acid, 2-(1-thiodecy'l')'tartaric acid, 2-. (l-thioarnyl) citric acid, octadecylsuccinic acid, etc., and mixtures thereof;

The vapor phase corrosion inhibitors of this invention are activated by the class of compounds and mixtures thereof as enumerated in classes a, b and c. The manner in which this is accomplished is not understood but nevertheless a synergistic efiect is produced when (a), (b) and/ or (c) are used in combination with the vapor phase inhibitors of this invention. "By means of this invention metal parts which are not in direct contact with the lubricant are equally protected against rust and corrosion.

Inaddition to the above-mentioned class of compounds other useful agents can be used in lubricants to which the vapor phase corrosion inhibitor is added. Included can be aromatic acids such as benzoic, salicylic, mandelic and cinnamic acids; oiliness agents, extreme pressure agents, anti-clogging agents and the like.

The base for additives of this invention can be a hydrocarbon oil obtained from a parafiinic, naphthenic, Mid-continent or Coastal stock and/0r mixtures thereof and preferably base stocks which have been highly refined. The viscosity of these oils may vary over a wide range such as from 50 SUS at F. to 100 SUS at 210 F.

The vapor phase corrosion inhibitors, namely, the C3 to C10 aliphatic monocarboxylic acids as well as any additional agents which can be present can each be used in amounts of from 0.001% to about 5% and preferably from 0.01% to 1% depending upon the base oil and additive present in said base oil.

Preferred compositions of this invention are illustrated by the following examples:

COMPOSITION A Octadecylsuccinic acid percent wt 0.015 2,6-ditertiarybutyl-4-methyl phenol do 0.5 Sulfurized oleic acid do 0.02 n-Nonanoic acid do 0.05 Dimethyl silicone polymer p. p. m 5 Mineral oil Balance COMPOSITION B Cm-alkenylsuccinic acid percent wt 0.015 2, 6-ditertiarybutyl-4-methyl phenol do 0.5 Sulfurized oleic acid do 0.02 n-Nonanoic acid do 0.05 Dimethyl silicone polymer p. p. m 5 Mineral oil Balance COMPOSITION C C s-alkenylsuccinic, acid percent wt 0.015 2,G-ditertiarybutyl-4-methyl phenol do 0.5 Sulfurized oleic acid do 0.02 Iso-nonanoic acid do 0.05 Dimethyl silicone polymer p. p. m 5

COMPOSITION D Cia-alkenylsuccinic acid percent wt 0.015 2,6-ditertiarybutyl-4-methyl phenol do 0.5 sulfurized oleic acid do 0.02 n-Decanoic acid do 0.05 Dimethyl silicone polymer p. p. m 5 Mineral oil Balance COMPOSITION E Cia-alkenylsuccinic acid ..percent wt 0.015 2,6-ditertiarybutyl-4-methyl phenol do 0.5 n-Decanoic acid do 0.05 Dimethyl silicone polymer p. p. m 5 Mineral oil Balance COMPOSITION F Cia-alkenylsuccinic acid percent wt 0.015 2,6-ditertiarybutyl-4-methyl phenol do 0.5 n-Decanoic acid do 0.05 Benzoic acid do 0.007 Dimethyl silicone polymer p. p. m 5 Mineral oil Balance COMPOSITION G Cis-alkenylsuccinic acid percent wt 0.015 2,6-ditertiarybutyl-4-methyl phenol do 0.5 n-Decanoic acid do 0.05 Salicylic acid do 0.007 Dimethyl silicone polymer p. p. m 5 Mineral oil Balance COMPOSITION H cis-alkenylsuccinic acid percent wt 0.015 2,6-ditertiarybutyl-4-methyl phenol do 0.5 Sulfurized oleic acid do 0.02 n-Nonanoic acid do 0.05 Dimethyl silicone polymer p. p. m 5 Mineral oil Balance COMPOSITION I Cm-alkenylsuccinic acid percent wt 0.015 2,2'methylene bis(4-methyl-6-tertiarybutyl phenol) percent wt 0.5 Sulfurized oleic acid do 0.02 n-Nonanoic acid do 0.05 Dimethyl silicone polymer p. p. m 5 Mineral oil Balance COMPOSITION J Cm-alkenylsuccinic acid percent wt 0.015 2,2-methylene bis(4-methyl-6-tertiarybutyl phenol) percent wt 0.5 Sulfurized oleic acid 'do 0.02 n-Decanoic acid do 0.05 Dimethyl silicone polymer p. p. m 5 Mineral oil Balance In order to demonstrate the effectiveness of compositions of this invention as vapor phase corrosion inhibitors the following tests weer conducted.

1. A vapor phase modification f the AST M turbine oil rust test A water cooled one-inch diameter freshly polished SAE 1020 steel disk is set in a rabbeted hole drilled through the plastic beaker lid. Water is added to the test oil and during a 20 hour period the rust accumulated on the surface not in contact with the oil is noted.

2. Vapor phase hot plate reflux test To evaluate vapor phase rust inhibitors in this test a flask containing 10 milliliters of water and milliliters of the test oil and an iron specimen suspended in the vapor phase is placed on a hot plate and the liquid gently refiuxed. Time for initial rusting is observed as well as the condition of the iron specimen after 20 hours,

ASTM Vapor Phase Hot Vapor Plate Reflux Test Phase Composition 1 Rust Test Rust Time of Busting After 20 Initial After ours Busting 20 Hrs (Min.)

Composition B None None Not tested. CompositionD do Trace. Composition E---" Do. Composition F d 3 Do. Minegal Oi1+0.05% of n-octanoio aci Minegal Oil-{005% of n-decanoic Do.

301 Mineiral Oil+0.05% of n-nonanoie .do

acl Mineral Oil+0.05% of n-dodecado 30 8%.

noic acid. Mineral Oil+0.05% 0t palmitic Heavy-.- 8 min rusted, acid. 3 hours. Minitgal Oi1+0.05% oi stearic do. do... Do.

ac Composition 1:

C16 alkenylsuccinic acid- 2,6-ditertiarybutyl-4-1nethyl phenol-0.5%. sulfurized oleic acid-4.02%.- -do.-.-- do Do. n-Hexanoic acid-0.05% Dimethyl silicone polymer- 5 p. p. m. Mineral Oil Balance Composition II:

018 alkenylsuceinic acid- 0.015%. 2,6filiteiig'yg utylq-methyl p eno .5 sulfurized oleic acid-0.02%... Dimethyl silicone polymer 5 p. p. m. Mineral 011 Balance 1 Mineral oil used was a highly refined SAE 10 base stock.

Other additives can be added to compositions of this invention such as oiliness agents, extreme pressure agents, anti-clogging agents and the like, in amounts of from 0.001% to 5% by weight.

In addition to being excellent turbine oils, compositions of this invention can be utilized as hydraulic oils, cutting fluids, drawing and rolling oils and the like.

We claim as our invention:

1. A vapor phase and liquid phase corrosion inhibiting lubricating composition comprising 0.015% Ora-alkenylsuccinic acid, 0.5% 2,6-ditertiarybutyl-4-methyl phenol, 0.02% sulfurized oleic acid, 0.05% n-nonanoic acid and the balance being a mineral lubricating oil.

2. A corrosion inhibiting lubricating oil composition exhibiting both vapor phase and liquid phase corrosion inhibiting properties comprising a major amount of a mineral lubricating oil, a minor efiective antioxidant amount of an oil-soluble alkylphenol antioxidant, a minor liquid phase corrosion inhibiting amount of an oil-soluble aliphatic hydrocarbon polycarboxylic acid and a minor effective vapor phase corrosion inhibiting amount of from about 0.001 to about 5% of n-nonanoic acid.

3. A vapor phase and liquid phase corrosion inhibiting lubricating oil composition comprising a major amount of a mineral lubricating oil and from 0.01% to about 1% each of Cm-alkenylsuccinic acid, 2,6-ditertiary butyl-4-- methyl phenol, sulfurized oleic acid and n-nonanoic acid.

4. A composition in accordance with claim 3, containing additionally about 5 parts per million of dimethyl silicone polymer.

References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS

Claims (1)

1. A VAPOR PHASE AND LIQUID PHASE CORROSION INHIBITING LUBRICATING COMPOSITION 0.015% C18-ALKENYLSUCCINIC ACID, 0.5% 2,6-DITERTIARYBUTYL-4-MEHTYL PHENOL, 0.02% SULFURIZED OLEIC ACID, 0.05% N-NONANOIC ACID AND THE BALANCE BEING A MINERAL LUBRICATING OIL.
US2775560A 1954-06-21 1954-06-21 Corrosion inhibitting lubricating compositions Expired - Lifetime US2775560A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US2775560A US2775560A (en) 1954-06-21 1954-06-21 Corrosion inhibitting lubricating compositions

Applications Claiming Priority (7)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
NL198202A NL198202A (en) 1954-06-21
BE539124A BE539124A (en) 1954-06-21
NL99849C NL99849C (en) 1954-06-21
US2775560A US2775560A (en) 1954-06-21 1954-06-21 Corrosion inhibitting lubricating compositions
GB1775855A GB781341A (en) 1954-06-21 1955-06-20 Lubricating compositions
FR1133514A FR1133514A (en) 1954-06-21 1955-06-20 lubricating compositions
DE1955N0010814 DE962466C (en) 1954-06-21 1955-06-21 Schmieroelmischung

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
US2775560A true US2775560A (en) 1956-12-25

Family

ID=23740304

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US2775560A Expired - Lifetime US2775560A (en) 1954-06-21 1954-06-21 Corrosion inhibitting lubricating compositions

Country Status (6)

Country Link
US (1) US2775560A (en)
BE (1) BE539124A (en)
DE (1) DE962466C (en)
FR (1) FR1133514A (en)
GB (1) GB781341A (en)
NL (2) NL198202A (en)

Cited By (13)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE1144865B (en) * 1959-11-02 1963-03-07 Exxon Research Engineering Co Turbinenschmieroel
US3084183A (en) * 1958-12-31 1963-04-02 Standard Oil Co Alkyl phenol lactates
US3265620A (en) * 1963-08-29 1966-08-09 Donald K Heiman Cutting fluid
US4107054A (en) * 1977-06-27 1978-08-15 Continental Oil Company Lubricating oil compositions
US4508637A (en) * 1980-02-28 1985-04-02 Petrolite Corporation Mixtures of alkyl and alkenyl succinic acids and polymer acids
US5021174A (en) * 1986-05-27 1991-06-04 Euron S.P.A. Compounds useful as detergent additives for lubricants and lubricating compositions
US5064546A (en) * 1987-04-11 1991-11-12 Idemitsu Kosan Co., Ltd. Lubricating oil composition
US5273672A (en) * 1987-03-02 1993-12-28 Idemitsu Kosan Company Limited Lubricating oil composition containing a partial ester of a polyhydric alcohol and a substituted succinic acid ester
US5549847A (en) * 1991-04-24 1996-08-27 Ciba-Geigy Corporation Flowable aqueous dispersions of polycarboxylic acid corrosion inhibitors
US5681506A (en) * 1992-10-30 1997-10-28 Castrol Limited Corrosion inhibiting lubricant composition
US5726130A (en) * 1994-05-24 1998-03-10 Idemitsu Kosan Co., Ltd. Cutting or grinding oil composition
US20040102330A1 (en) * 2001-02-13 2004-05-27 Jian Zhou Viscoelastic compositions
US8785355B2 (en) 2001-02-13 2014-07-22 Schlumberger Technology Corporation Viscoelastic compositions

Families Citing this family (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3350309A (en) * 1965-07-14 1967-10-31 Mobil Oil Corp Stabilization of silicone fluids with an iron compound and a polycarboxylic acid
DE3134954A1 (en) * 1981-09-03 1983-03-10 Lucas Industries Ltd Hydraulic fluid, especially BRAKE
GB2296714B (en) * 1994-12-15 1998-03-25 Abbey Coating composition
DE19605162C1 (en) * 1996-02-13 1997-09-18 Elf Oil Deutschland Gmbh Synthetic lubricating oil, and its use

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2281676A (en) * 1939-07-08 1942-05-05 Tide Water Associated Oil Comp Turbine oil
US2349044A (en) * 1941-07-21 1944-05-16 Sheil Dev Company Corrosion protective composition
US2375007A (en) * 1943-04-15 1945-05-01 Shell Dev Antifoaming composition
US2459718A (en) * 1946-01-25 1949-01-18 Shell Dev Lubricating composition
US2481372A (en) * 1946-09-27 1949-09-06 Shell Dev Rust protective lubricants

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2281676A (en) * 1939-07-08 1942-05-05 Tide Water Associated Oil Comp Turbine oil
US2349044A (en) * 1941-07-21 1944-05-16 Sheil Dev Company Corrosion protective composition
US2375007A (en) * 1943-04-15 1945-05-01 Shell Dev Antifoaming composition
US2459718A (en) * 1946-01-25 1949-01-18 Shell Dev Lubricating composition
US2481372A (en) * 1946-09-27 1949-09-06 Shell Dev Rust protective lubricants

Cited By (14)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3084183A (en) * 1958-12-31 1963-04-02 Standard Oil Co Alkyl phenol lactates
DE1144865B (en) * 1959-11-02 1963-03-07 Exxon Research Engineering Co Turbinenschmieroel
US3265620A (en) * 1963-08-29 1966-08-09 Donald K Heiman Cutting fluid
US4107054A (en) * 1977-06-27 1978-08-15 Continental Oil Company Lubricating oil compositions
US4508637A (en) * 1980-02-28 1985-04-02 Petrolite Corporation Mixtures of alkyl and alkenyl succinic acids and polymer acids
US5021174A (en) * 1986-05-27 1991-06-04 Euron S.P.A. Compounds useful as detergent additives for lubricants and lubricating compositions
US5273672A (en) * 1987-03-02 1993-12-28 Idemitsu Kosan Company Limited Lubricating oil composition containing a partial ester of a polyhydric alcohol and a substituted succinic acid ester
US5064546A (en) * 1987-04-11 1991-11-12 Idemitsu Kosan Co., Ltd. Lubricating oil composition
US5549847A (en) * 1991-04-24 1996-08-27 Ciba-Geigy Corporation Flowable aqueous dispersions of polycarboxylic acid corrosion inhibitors
US5681506A (en) * 1992-10-30 1997-10-28 Castrol Limited Corrosion inhibiting lubricant composition
US5726130A (en) * 1994-05-24 1998-03-10 Idemitsu Kosan Co., Ltd. Cutting or grinding oil composition
US20040102330A1 (en) * 2001-02-13 2004-05-27 Jian Zhou Viscoelastic compositions
US7704926B2 (en) * 2001-02-13 2010-04-27 Schlumberger Technology Corporation Viscoelastic compositions
US8785355B2 (en) 2001-02-13 2014-07-22 Schlumberger Technology Corporation Viscoelastic compositions

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date Type
NL198202A (en) application
GB781341A (en) 1957-08-21 application
BE539124A (en) grant
FR1133514A (en) 1957-03-28 grant
NL99849C (en) grant
DE962466C (en) 1957-04-25 grant

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US3247111A (en) High temperature jet lubricant
US3224971A (en) Borate esters and lubricant compositions containing said esters
US4701273A (en) Lubricant compositions containing antioxidants, amine phosphates and 4- (5-) methyl-1-[di-(2-ethylhexyl) aminomethyl]-benzotriazole
US4783274A (en) Hydraulic fluids
US2527889A (en) Diesel engine fuel
US3224975A (en) Lubricating oil compositions
US2552570A (en) Oxidation resisting hydrocarbon products
US2699427A (en) Mineral oil compositions containing amidic acids or salts thereof
US3180832A (en) Oil compositions containing anti-wear additives
US3185644A (en) Lubricating compositions containing amine salts of boron-containing compounds
US2270577A (en) Compounded lubricating oil
US4244829A (en) Hydrocarbon-soluble epoxidized fatty acid esters as lubricity modifiers for lubricating oils
US2364283A (en) Modified lubricating oil
US5736493A (en) Biodegradable lubricant composition from triglycerides and oil soluble copper
US2497521A (en) Oil compositions containing amine salts of boro-diol complexes
US2490744A (en) Antirust agent
US2758086A (en) Lubricant composition
US3224968A (en) Lubricating oil compositions
US2349044A (en) Corrosion protective composition
US2493483A (en) Marine engine lubricant
US2631979A (en) Rust inhibiting composition
US2564423A (en) Corrosion preventive composition
US4113635A (en) Rust-proof lubricant compositions
US2798045A (en) Lubricating compositions
US3533943A (en) Lubricant compositions