US2759389A - Square shanked, barbed wire nail - Google Patents

Square shanked, barbed wire nail Download PDF

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Publication number
US2759389A
US2759389A US376073A US37607353A US2759389A US 2759389 A US2759389 A US 2759389A US 376073 A US376073 A US 376073A US 37607353 A US37607353 A US 37607353A US 2759389 A US2759389 A US 2759389A
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nail
shank
barbs
wood
penetrating portion
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US376073A
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John C Corckran
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John C Corckran
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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16BDEVICES FOR FASTENING OR SECURING CONSTRUCTIONAL ELEMENTS OR MACHINE PARTS TOGETHER, e.g. NAILS, BOLTS, CIRCLIPS, CLAMPS, CLIPS, WEDGES, JOINTS OR JOINTING
    • F16B15/00Nails; Staples
    • F16B15/06Nails; Staples with barbs, e.g. for metal parts; Drive screws

Description

Aug. 21, 1956 J. c. CORCKRAN 2,759,389

SQUARE SHANKED, BARBED WIRE NAIL Filed Aug. 24, 1955 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 mill! IL INVENTOR. JOHN C. GURU/(RAN Aug. 21, 1956 J. c. CORCKRAN 2,759,389

SQUARE SHANKED, BARBED WIRE NAIL Filed Aug. 24, 1953 2 Shee'ts-Sheet 2 Illllll INV T R. JOHN C. CORCKR United States Patent SQUARE SHANKED, BARBED WIRE N L John C. Corckran, Baltimore, Md.

Application August 24, 1953, Serial No. 376,073

2 Claims. (Cl. 85-21) The present invention relates to an improved wire nail and in particular to the formation of the shanlg and penetrating portion of such nails.

One of the objects of the invention is to provide a nail having a plurality of transverse barbs or holding elements which, upon driving the nail into a piece of wood, will firmly engage the severed grains of the wood and will increase the resistance to the withdrawal of the nail from the material.

Another object of the invention is to provide a method of manufacturing a nail of the present design from a continuous strand of suitable wire.

A further object of the invention is to provide the nail with a penetrating portion of such a design as to sever the fibers through which it passes.

Other objects, uses and advantages of the improved nail will become more apparent as the nature of the invention is more fully disclosed, Preferred embodiments of which are illustrated in the accompanying drawings and described in the following detailed description, in which:

Figure 1 is a fragmentary view in elevation of one form of the nail.

Figure 2 is a fragmentary view in elevation of a modified form of the nail.

Figure 3 is a sectional view taken along line 31:3 .of Figure 1.

Patented Aug. 21, 1956 trations, in Figure 1 the head, shank and penetrating portion are designated by numerals 1, 2. and 3 respectively. This particular embodiment is formed from a segment of substantially square wire as shown best in Figure 3. Beginning above the penetrating portion, or section 1} are barbs or shoulders 4. These barbs extend around each of the four faces of the nail, in a plane perpendicular to the vertical axis of the nail and are of the buttress or wedge type, that is, they have a long side 5 and a short side 6. The long side of the shoulder 5 extends to ward the penetrating end of the nail, so that, when the nail is driven into the wood a more inclined angle will be presented to the ends of the severed fibers. However, if an attempt is made to remove the nail, or strain is placed on the nail to dislodge it, the short side, or more abrupt angle of the shoulder will be engaged by the separated fibers and the resistance to withdrawal will be greatly increased. In Figure 3 the shoulders 4 are shown to be rounded at the corners as shown at 7, 8, 9 and ll}.

In Figure 4 a modification of the shank 2 is shown with sharp shoulder corners 11, 12, 13 and 14.

In Figure 5 a further modified form of shoulder is shown, in which the shoulders are of arcuate design, while the solid center section of the shank 2 is substantially square.

Figure 2 shows a modified form of nail in which the same form of shoulder is used as previously described and shown in Figure 1, except that the shoulders are at an angle with the vertical axis of the nail. The same advantages are also present in this modification as previously recited for the shoulders shown in Figure 1.

The form of shoulders shown in Figures 1 and 2. may have any of the cross-sectional forms shown in Figures 3, 4 or 5. i

In Figures 6 and 7 there is shown a further modification of the nail. In place of the shoulders 4 as described in Figures 1 and 2 there are provided a plurality of indi- Figures 4 and 5 are other cross-sectional modified forms of the nail.

Figure 6 is a fragmentary vertical view of a further modified form .of the nail, shown partly in elevation and partly in section.

Figure 7 is a sectional view taken along line 77 of Figure 6.

Figure 8 is a view similar to Figure 6 partly in elegation and partly in section of still another modified Figure 9 is a view of another modified form of the nail showing the shank in elevation and partly in section.

In referring to the drawings, similar reference characters will be used to designate similar parts throughout the several views.

The nail in general comprises a head, and an angular cross-sectioned shank with barbs thereon and a penetrat- 1ng portion. The angular shank and point cut the wood fibers, rather than spreading them as with a round nail. The sides of the shank are preferably parallel, with projecting barbs, so that after the penetrating portion has entered the wood, no more breaking of the wood fibers is effected and the hole made by the penetrating portion is no larger regardless of the depth to which the nail is driven into the wood. Therefore, the cut fibers will have the same uniform pressure against the entire area of the shank occupying the material. That is, if the nail is driven into the wood up to the head, the shank adjacent the head would have the same holding power as the portion of the shank adjacent the penetrating end.

Referring now to the specific forms shown in the illusvidual barbs 15 which extend 'along the sides of the shank 2 in uniform rows, formed in crossing diagonal lines. These barbs are adapted to present their ends to the severed ends of the wood fibers after the fibers have been out by the penetrating end. As the outer ends of the barbs are pointing upwardly toward the head of the nail, the ends of the fiber s will more readily engage the barbs when the nail is being pulled outwardly from the material.

In Figure 8 the grooves are arranged somewhat similar to those shown and described for Figure 1 and are likewise of the buttress type. In this form the wall 16 of the several shoulders, which is the wall nearest the point, forms the arcuate angle with the vertical axis of the nail, while the companion wall 17 is in a plane perpendicular to the vertical axis of the nail.

The modification shown in Figure 9 is quite similar to that shown in Figure 8, except the side walls forming the shoulders are of equal taper. Both side walls 18 and 19 of the shoulder are formed at the same angle with the vertical axis of the nail.

The penetrating portion or point is tapered inwardly from the shank to a point falling within the vertical axis of the nail, whereby the penetrating portion is in the form of a pyramid. The length of this pyramid is substantially the same as the diagonal of the shank between its diagonal corners, that is, between 7 and 9 or 8 and 10 (see Figure 3). This has been found to give the nail good driving qualities and at the same time to sever practically all fibers of the wood coming in contact with the penetrating shank, which allows the irregularities in each of the side walls to be engaged by the several ends of the fibers.

In manufacturing the nails, long strands of wire of the proper size and cross-sectional form are run longitudinally through pairs of rolls (not shown) which cut or roll the selected type shoulders on each of its four sides, after which the wire is out to proper length by a special die which forms the penetrating portion, or the end to be driven into the wood. After the nail has been cut to length the head is formed on its opposite end-from sufficient stock allowed for that purpose.

All modifications of the nail are constructed from square, or substantialy square stock wire, or wire that has been formed to such shape during the process of making the nail.

It is to be understood that the present barbs or shoulders are not in the form of a screw thread, but each shoulder is formed separate and independent from each other.

In practically all woods the grain runs in one direction. Therefore, by employing this type of nail, any two sides of the nail extending in the direction of the grain when driven into the wood will sever the fibers, which will be also compressed slightly by the tapered penetrating portion 3 of the nail and will engage the shoulders or barbs as the nail is driven into the wood.

While certain preferred embodiments of the invention have been illustrated and described, it will be understood that the invention is not limited to the forms shown and described, but shall include any and all forms coming within the scope of the appended claims.

What is claimed as new and is desired to be secured by Letters Patent is:

1. A metal wire wood nail comprising a substantially square shank portion, a head formed integral with the shank on one end and a penetrating portion on the opposite end, the shank having the same cross-sectional dimensions throughout its length and a uniform barbed surface on each of the four sides extending throughout the length of the shank to the nail head, the body of the barbs being inclined transversely to the nail axis on all four sides to produce a maximum periphery of the nail normal to its axis for any given cross-section shank area to increase the strength of the shank and to give minimum disturbance to the wood fibers cut and to hold them immediately upon cutting and continuously thereafter upon continued penetration of the nail, the barbs on each face being closely spaced, contiguous, parallel and each of uniform wedge shape, sloping toward the nail point, each barb wedge having transversely inclined edges which are substantially straight and parallel to each other, the penetrating portion, free of barbs, extending inwardly from all four sides of the shank in a gradual taper to a point 4 in line with the longitudinal axis of the shank, whereby the penetrating portion will have the form of a pyramid, said penetrating portion being of substantially the same length as the diagonal of the cross-section area of the shank.

2. A metal wire wood nail comprising a substantially square shank portion, a head upset from the shank on one end and a penetrating portion on the opposite end, the shank having the same cross-sectional dimensions throughout its length and a uniform barbed surface on each of the four sides extending throughout the length of the shank to the nail head, the body of the barbs being inclined transversely to the nail axis on all four sides to produce a maximum periphery of the nail normal to its axis for any given cross-section shank area to increase the strength of the shank and to give minimum disturbance to the wood fibers cut and to hold them immediately upon cutting and continuously thereafter upon continued penetration of the nail, the barbs on each face being closely spaced, contiguous, parallel and each of uniform wedge shape, sloping toward the nail point, each barb wedge having transversely inclined edges which are substantially straight and parallel to each other, the penetrating portion, free of barbs, extending inwardly from all four sides of the shank in a gradual taper to a point in line with the longitudinal axis of the shank, whereby the penetrating portion will have the form of a pyramid.

References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS De. 26,743 Jett Mar. 9, 1897 2,182 Ballard July 17, 1841 179,152 Bless June 27, 1876 373,074 Jones Nov. 15, 1887 1,069,442 Lazear Aug. 5, 1913 1,134,160 Russell Apr. 6, 1915 1,168,088 Makley Jan. 11, 1916 1,373,875 Fallon Apr. 5, 1921 1,897,159 Williams Feb. 14, 1933 2,014,746 Robergel Sept. 17, 1935 2,016,610 Moeller Oct. 8, 1935 2,428,259 Anstett Sept. 30, 1947 2,605,670 Lacerda Aug. 5, 1952 FOREIGN PATENTS 391,948 Germany Mar. 17, 1924 471,134 Germany Feb. 9, 1929

US376073A 1953-08-24 1953-08-24 Square shanked, barbed wire nail Expired - Lifetime US2759389A (en)

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Cited By (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2819641A (en) * 1955-03-22 1958-01-14 John C Corckran Wire nail with indented shank sides to increase holding power
US2896285A (en) * 1954-06-07 1959-07-28 Louis H Morin Button shanks
US3010353A (en) * 1959-03-12 1961-11-28 Charles J Kelcourse Drive-in sheet metal connector with a tool receiving bore
US3019460A (en) * 1956-10-22 1962-02-06 John C Corckran Method of making rounded head nail
US3025569A (en) * 1957-08-09 1962-03-20 Goodyear Tire & Rubber Molding inflatable articles
US3133378A (en) * 1959-03-12 1964-05-19 Illinois Tool Works Nail type fasteners
US3244057A (en) * 1963-10-02 1966-04-05 Robert V Mathison Drive-type screw fastener
US3461772A (en) * 1967-05-02 1969-08-19 Southco Barbed plastic rivet
US3867864A (en) * 1973-10-10 1975-02-25 Illinois Tool Works Anchor device
US3945293A (en) * 1974-02-04 1976-03-23 King-Koral, Inc. Heavy duty fastener and method of manufacturing same
US20130336742A1 (en) * 2010-05-24 2013-12-19 W.C. Litzinger Impact-drivable screw with elastomer seal and tip highlight

Citations (14)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2182A (en) * 1841-07-17 ballard
US179152A (en) * 1876-06-27 Improvement in nails and spikes
US373074A (en) * 1887-11-15 Wood-screw
US1069442A (en) * 1912-10-19 1913-08-05 Lucian B Lazear Spike.
US1134160A (en) * 1915-04-06 Charles D Russell Railway-spike.
US1168088A (en) * 1915-03-15 1916-01-11 Victor J Tatham Spike.
US1373875A (en) * 1919-12-08 1921-04-05 Edward F Fallon Rail-spike
DE391948C (en) * 1922-04-21 1924-03-17 Heil & Paul wood screw
DE471134C (en) * 1926-06-04 1929-02-06 Friedrich Wilhelm Von Dreusche Schuhtack
US1897159A (en) * 1922-11-16 1933-02-14 Spiral Rolled Products Company Process for making spikes
US2014746A (en) * 1933-07-19 1935-09-17 Robergel Gabriel Method of making nails
US2016610A (en) * 1934-06-16 1935-10-08 Moeller Isak Bolt
US2428259A (en) * 1943-11-15 1947-09-30 Carl J Anstett Nail
US2605670A (en) * 1950-02-01 1952-08-05 Matthew G Eggett Rail spike

Patent Citations (14)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2182A (en) * 1841-07-17 ballard
US179152A (en) * 1876-06-27 Improvement in nails and spikes
US373074A (en) * 1887-11-15 Wood-screw
US1134160A (en) * 1915-04-06 Charles D Russell Railway-spike.
US1069442A (en) * 1912-10-19 1913-08-05 Lucian B Lazear Spike.
US1168088A (en) * 1915-03-15 1916-01-11 Victor J Tatham Spike.
US1373875A (en) * 1919-12-08 1921-04-05 Edward F Fallon Rail-spike
DE391948C (en) * 1922-04-21 1924-03-17 Heil & Paul wood screw
US1897159A (en) * 1922-11-16 1933-02-14 Spiral Rolled Products Company Process for making spikes
DE471134C (en) * 1926-06-04 1929-02-06 Friedrich Wilhelm Von Dreusche Schuhtack
US2014746A (en) * 1933-07-19 1935-09-17 Robergel Gabriel Method of making nails
US2016610A (en) * 1934-06-16 1935-10-08 Moeller Isak Bolt
US2428259A (en) * 1943-11-15 1947-09-30 Carl J Anstett Nail
US2605670A (en) * 1950-02-01 1952-08-05 Matthew G Eggett Rail spike

Cited By (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2896285A (en) * 1954-06-07 1959-07-28 Louis H Morin Button shanks
US2819641A (en) * 1955-03-22 1958-01-14 John C Corckran Wire nail with indented shank sides to increase holding power
US3019460A (en) * 1956-10-22 1962-02-06 John C Corckran Method of making rounded head nail
US3025569A (en) * 1957-08-09 1962-03-20 Goodyear Tire & Rubber Molding inflatable articles
US3010353A (en) * 1959-03-12 1961-11-28 Charles J Kelcourse Drive-in sheet metal connector with a tool receiving bore
US3133378A (en) * 1959-03-12 1964-05-19 Illinois Tool Works Nail type fasteners
US3244057A (en) * 1963-10-02 1966-04-05 Robert V Mathison Drive-type screw fastener
US3461772A (en) * 1967-05-02 1969-08-19 Southco Barbed plastic rivet
US3867864A (en) * 1973-10-10 1975-02-25 Illinois Tool Works Anchor device
US3945293A (en) * 1974-02-04 1976-03-23 King-Koral, Inc. Heavy duty fastener and method of manufacturing same
US20130336742A1 (en) * 2010-05-24 2013-12-19 W.C. Litzinger Impact-drivable screw with elastomer seal and tip highlight

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