US2751219A - Torque sensitive reversible motion actuator - Google Patents

Torque sensitive reversible motion actuator Download PDF

Info

Publication number
US2751219A
US2751219A US452850A US45285054A US2751219A US 2751219 A US2751219 A US 2751219A US 452850 A US452850 A US 452850A US 45285054 A US45285054 A US 45285054A US 2751219 A US2751219 A US 2751219A
Authority
US
United States
Prior art keywords
arm
door
torque
garage
movement
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
US452850A
Inventor
Howard G Dodge
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Individual
Original Assignee
Individual
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Individual filed Critical Individual
Priority to US452850A priority Critical patent/US2751219A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of US2751219A publication Critical patent/US2751219A/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical Current

Links

Images

Classifications

    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E05LOCKS; KEYS; WINDOW OR DOOR FITTINGS; SAFES
    • E05FDEVICES FOR MOVING WINGS INTO OPEN OR CLOSED POSITION; CHECKS FOR WINGS; WING FITTINGS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR, CONCERNED WITH THE FUNCTIONING OF THE WING
    • E05F15/00Power-operated mechanisms for wings
    • E05F15/40Safety devices, e.g. detection of obstructions or end positions
    • E05F15/41Detection by monitoring transmitted force or torque; Safety couplings with activation dependent upon torque or force, e.g. slip couplings
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E05LOCKS; KEYS; WINDOW OR DOOR FITTINGS; SAFES
    • E05FDEVICES FOR MOVING WINGS INTO OPEN OR CLOSED POSITION; CHECKS FOR WINGS; WING FITTINGS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR, CONCERNED WITH THE FUNCTIONING OF THE WING
    • E05F15/00Power-operated mechanisms for wings
    • E05F15/60Power-operated mechanisms for wings using electrical actuators
    • E05F15/603Power-operated mechanisms for wings using electrical actuators using rotary electromotors
    • E05F15/665Power-operated mechanisms for wings using electrical actuators using rotary electromotors for vertically-sliding wings
    • E05F15/668Power-operated mechanisms for wings using electrical actuators using rotary electromotors for vertically-sliding wings for overhead wings
    • E05F15/681Power-operated mechanisms for wings using electrical actuators using rotary electromotors for vertically-sliding wings for overhead wings operated by flexible elongated pulling elements, e.g. belts
    • E05F15/686Power-operated mechanisms for wings using electrical actuators using rotary electromotors for vertically-sliding wings for overhead wings operated by flexible elongated pulling elements, e.g. belts by cables or ropes
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E05LOCKS; KEYS; WINDOW OR DOOR FITTINGS; SAFES
    • E05YINDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBCLASSES E05D AND E05F, RELATING TO CONSTRUCTION ELEMENTS, ELECTRIC CONTROL, POWER SUPPLY, POWER SIGNAL OR TRANSMISSION, USER INTERFACES, MOUNTING OR COUPLING, DETAILS, ACCESSORIES, AUXILIARY OPERATIONS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR, APPLICATION THEREOF
    • E05Y2900/00Application of doors, windows, wings or fittings thereof
    • E05Y2900/10Application of doors, windows, wings or fittings thereof for buildings or parts thereof
    • E05Y2900/106Application of doors, windows, wings or fittings thereof for buildings or parts thereof for garages
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10STECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10S292/00Closure fasteners
    • Y10S292/36Overhead door latches

Definitions

  • the present device is admirably suited for the operation of a vertically movable garage door wherein a motor driven endless belt is trained about pulleys and is suitably secured to the door intermediate the pulleys so that actuation of the belt will cause the door to be moved to open and closed positions.
  • a motor driven endless belt is trained about pulleys and is suitably secured to the door intermediate the pulleys so that actuation of the belt will cause the door to be moved to open and closed positions.
  • this invention provides means whereby a door such as a garage door may be opened and closed by an automatically reversible torque sensitive motion actuator which is adapted to halt operation upon increase of torque at the motor exceeding that required to open and close the door, thus precluding the possibility of injury to a person or mutilation of an object which may be inadvertently disposed in the path of movement of the door.
  • this invention contemplates electrically actuated door opening and closing means wherein movement of the door is instigated by closing an electrical circuit through conventional switches and relays to actuate an electric motor and provides means for opening the circuit should the torque at the motor increase above that required for opening and closing the door.
  • Another object of the invention lies in the provision of an automatically reversible torque sensitive motion actuator which is'comparatively simple in construction, strong, durable, highly efiicient and reliable in use, compact, and which may be manufactured at a low cost.
  • Figure 1 is a vertical cross section taken through a garage door and a fragmentary portion of a garage having portions broken away for convenience of illustration;
  • Figure 2. is a vertical elevation of the improved motion actuator having'its cover removed and upon an enlarged scale
  • Figure 3 is a view similar to Figure 2 and showing the motion transmitting mechanism swiveled by excess torque;
  • Figure 4 is a vertical view partially in cross section and taken at line 4-4 of Figure 2;
  • Figure 5 is a view taken substantially at line 5-5 of Figure 4 and having parts broken away for convenience of illustration;
  • Figure 6 is an enlarged view of the catch mechanism for the top of the garage door.
  • Figure 7 is a wiring diagram illustrating the electric circuit used.
  • Figure 1 discloses portions which represent at 10 a garage having a ceiling or other horizontal support member 11 disclosed above the door opening 12 formed in one wall 10 of the garage.
  • the garage is supplied with a concrete or other type floor surface 13 and has a vertically moveable closure or door 14 supported by mounting means 15 on the wall 10' of the garage.
  • To guide movement of the upper edge of the door 14 I have disclosed one of a pair of laterally spaced horizontally extending parallel guide rails 16 which extend inwardly of the garage from the wall having the opening 12, and moveably carry rollers (not shown) journaled on the door 14.
  • the motion actuator is indicated in general by the numeral 17 and as seen in Figure l is supplied with a metal or other type housing 18 which is removable to provide access to the working parts.
  • the actuator is supported from the support member 11.
  • a connecting link 23 which is pivotally secured at 24 to the, upper end of an angular arm 25 pivoted at 26 to the door 14. Also secured to the door are a pair of inwardly extending laterally spaced ears 27, one disposed at each side of the arm 25 and, which journal the ends of a rod 28 for axial rotation.
  • the rod is provided with a right angle latch arm 29 adapted to cooperate with a latch member 30 anchored to the garage 10 to releasably latch the door in the closed position.
  • a spring 31 is provided to yieldably hold the latch arm 29 in latching relation to the latch member 30 and thus prevent accidental movement of. the door from the closed position.
  • the rod 28 is provided with a radially extending actuating finger 32 which bears against the arm 25 and is disposed in such a position that when the arm 25 is pivoted at 26 inwardly of the garage the rod 28 is axially rotated and the latch arm 29 is moved from the full line position to the broken line position shown in Figure 6, thus being released from the member 30 and permitting the door to open.
  • the arm 25 at the end of its movement strikes the rod 28 which constitutes a stop for the arm and permits the door to be pulled by the belt 20 through the link 23. and arm 25.
  • an automatically reversible torque sensitive motion actuator indicated in its entirety by the numeral 17 and briefly consists of a reversible prime mover 33, here shown to be an electric motor, having a motor shaft 34 which constitutes a driving shaft.
  • the motor 33 is preferably supported by the frame 35 of the motion actuator but may be supported at any point found convenient and desirable. Iournaled for rotation upon the frame 35 I provide a driven shaft 36 which is fixed to and supports the pulley 19.
  • a swivel mounted motion transmitting mechanism 37 which is here shown to be a series of belts and pulleys to provide means for transmitting the rotary motion from the driving shaft 34 to the driven shaft 36 at a greatly reduced speed.
  • the motion transmitting mechanism includes a stub shaft 38 which is anchored at right angles to rockable arm 39 journaled at 40 coaxial with shaft 36.
  • the transmitting mechanism in detail as having a driving shaft 34 provided with a relatively small pulley 41 fixed thereon. Journaled for rotation on shaft 36 in the plane of pulley 41 is a large pulley 42 which is ganged with a small pulley 43.
  • a belt 44 is trained about the pulleys 41 and 42.
  • a belt 45 is trained about the pulley 43 and about a large pulley 46 journaled on the stub shaft 38 and ganged with a small pulley 47.
  • Still another belt 48 is trained about the small pulley 47 and a large pulley 49 fixed to the shaft 36.
  • the torque at the motor 33 or driving shaft 34 required to move the door 14 provides reverse torque at the pulley 49 and therefore the small pulley 47 endeavors to travel an arcuate path defined from the axis of shaft 36 and causing the rockable arm 39 to swing from the full line position of Figure 2 to the broken line position of Figures 2 and 5 or to the full line position of Figure 3.
  • the arm 39 is disposed above the center of gravity I provide yieldable means 50-50 which are shown to be tension springs that oppose each other and yieldably maintain the rockable arm 39 in a vertical position. When the torque becomes great enough to overcome either spring 50 the arm 39 is caused to swivel at 40 according to whichever direction the torque is applied.
  • the rockable arm 39 is provided with a pair of opposed strikers 51 adapted to strike the actuating buttons 52 of normally colsed limit switches 53 carried by the frame 35. As the torque becomes great enough to cause the rockable arm 39 to swivel to one side or the order a striker 51 contacts the actuator 52 of its companion switch 53 and opens the switch thus halting the movement of the garage door.
  • the rockable arm 39 is provided with a depending yoke 60 which is adapted to strike and actuate a reversing switch 61 carried by the frame 35.
  • a depending yoke 60 which is adapted to strike and actuate a reversing switch 61 carried by the frame 35.
  • the rockable arm 39 swivels to the position where it strikes an actuating button 52 of limit switches 53 or 53' it will simultaneously actuate the reversing switch 61 so that subsequent operation of the motion actuator will be in a reverse direction from the direction of movement present when stopping. Therefore, should the garage door descend upon the hood or other part of an automobile or other object, the increased torque will cause the actuator to halt and reverse the actuator so that subsequent energizing of the motor 33 will cause the door to raise instead of lower.
  • the garage door may be stopped at any point upon striking an obstruction without doing damage to the door mechanism or the obstruction and therefore providing a very safe and convenient garage door control means.
  • I associate with the prime mover 33, I employ any one of a number of conventional wiring circuits preferably using a low voltage secondary control circuit in which the switches 53 and 53 are interposed to control a magnetic relay for selective operation of a primary circuit including the prime mover 33 and the reversing switch 61. Since this circuit may assume a number of various wiring organizations which are well known in the art it is not thought necessary to enlarge this treatise by a detailed disclosure thereof.
  • the circuit shown in Figure 7 is a typical motor reversing circuit embodying the switches 53, 53 and 61. Such a circuit is shown, although in greater detail, in the patent to Steven No. 2,586,273. Other examples are found in the Johnson Patent No. 2,070,832, and in the Chandler Patent No. 2,208,119. As is customary in these devices a manually operable main switch 62 is provided.
  • a control device for the drive mechanism comprising a rockable arm interposed in said drive mechanism and urged to swing in one direction from a mid point in response to torque transmitted by the drive mechanism when it is moving in one direction and urged to swing in the opposite direction in response to torque transmitted by the drive mechanism when it is moving in the opposite direction, a pair of spring pressed members engaging the rocker arm at the mid point, one member opposing movement of the arm in one direction from mid point, means restraining said member from following the arm when it moves in the opposite direction from said mid point, the other member opposing movement of the arm from said mid point in said opposite direction, and means restraining the last named member from following the arm when the arm moves in said one direction and is opposed by the first named member.
  • a mechanism for operating doors such as garage doors, comprising a reversible electric motor, an electric circuit operably connected to said motor for energizing and controlling it, a driving shaft rotatable by said motor, a driven shaft, a pivotally mounted motion transmitting mechanism operably connecting said shafts and operative by torque between said shafts to move about its pivotal axis, said mechanism including a rockable arm movable to and fro, a pair of spring pressed members engaging said rocker arm, one member opposing movement of the arm in one direction from a normal position, means restraining said member from following the arm when it moves in the opposite direction from the normal position, the other member opposing movement of the arm from normal position in said opposite direction, means restraining the last named member from following the arm when the arm moves in said one direction against the opposition of the first named member, two normally closed limit switches in said circuit, each adapted to open the circuit and deenergize the motor, one switch being in the path of movement of the arm from normal position against the opposition of one of said members, the

Landscapes

  • Power-Operated Mechanisms For Wings (AREA)

Description

June 19, 1956 H. s. DODGE TORQUE SENSITIVE REVERSIBLE MOTION ACTUATOR Filed Aug. 50, 1954 3 Sheets-Sheet 1 i &
IN V EN TOR.
Howard 6. Dodge H. G. DODGE June 19, 1956 TORQUE SENSITIVE REVERSIBLE MOTION ACTUATOR Filed Aug. 30, 1954 5 Sheets-Sheet 2 INVENTOR. Haward 6. Dodge BY June 19, 1956 H. s. DODGE 2,751,219 TORQUE SENSITIVE REVERSIBLE MOTION ACTUATOR Filed Aug. 30, 1954 s Sheets-Sheet s fa wara G fioc/ge 2,751,219 Patented June 19, 1956 ice TORQUE SENSITIVE REVERSIBLE MOTION ACTUATOR Howard G. Dodge, College Place, Wash. Application August 30, 1954, Serial No. 452,850 2 Claims. (Cl. 268-59) This invention relates to torque sensitive reversible motion actuators for producing a desired movement and halting the movement when the torque exceeds that normally required and reversing the actuator upon subsequent operation thereof.
Although not necessarily limited thereto the present device is admirably suited for the operation of a vertically movable garage door wherein a motor driven endless belt is trained about pulleys and is suitably secured to the door intermediate the pulleys so that actuation of the belt will cause the door to be moved to open and closed positions. The present application is a continuation in part of my copending application-Serial No. 353,636, filed May 7, 1953, and entitled Garage Door Opener, now abandoned.
Among other advantages and features this invention provides means whereby a door such as a garage door may be opened and closed by an automatically reversible torque sensitive motion actuator which is adapted to halt operation upon increase of torque at the motor exceeding that required to open and close the door, thus precluding the possibility of injury to a person or mutilation of an object which may be inadvertently disposed in the path of movement of the door.
Many types of door opening and closing devices have been employed to automatically operate garage doors, but it has been found to be very difiicult to devise a garage door operating mechanism which substantially eliminates the possibility of damaging the door mounting and/or actuating mechanism or obstruction which may be disposed in the path of movement of the door.
With this thought in mind this invention contemplates electrically actuated door opening and closing means wherein movement of the door is instigated by closing an electrical circuit through conventional switches and relays to actuate an electric motor and provides means for opening the circuit should the torque at the motor increase above that required for opening and closing the door.
It is therefore one object of this invention to provide, for operating a garage door, electrically actuated means designed to halt operation-of the door should the torque at the motor exceed the amount required for normal movements of the door.
Another object of the invention lies in the provision of an automatically reversible torque sensitive motion actuator which is'comparatively simple in construction, strong, durable, highly efiicient and reliable in use, compact, and which may be manufactured at a low cost.
All of the foregoing and other objects of the invention will become apparent from a study of the following specification taken in connection with the accompanying drawings wherein like characters of. reference designate corresponding parts throughout the several views and wherein a preferred form of the invention is shown. It should be understood however that the drawings and description are illustrative only and should not be construed as limiting the invention except insofar as it is limited by the prior art and the appended claims.
In the accompanying drawings:
Figure 1 is a vertical cross section taken through a garage door and a fragmentary portion of a garage having portions broken away for convenience of illustration;
Figure 2. is a vertical elevation of the improved motion actuator having'its cover removed and upon an enlarged scale;
Figure 3 is a view similar to Figure 2 and showing the motion transmitting mechanism swiveled by excess torque;
Figure 4 is a vertical view partially in cross section and taken at line 4-4 of Figure 2;
Figure 5 is a view taken substantially at line 5-5 of Figure 4 and having parts broken away for convenience of illustration; and
Figure 6 is an enlarged view of the catch mechanism for the top of the garage door.
Figure 7 is a wiring diagram illustrating the electric circuit used.
Referring now in detail to the drawings, Figure 1 discloses portions which represent at 10 a garage having a ceiling or other horizontal support member 11 disclosed above the door opening 12 formed in one wall 10 of the garage. The garage is supplied with a concrete or other type floor surface 13 and has a vertically moveable closure or door 14 supported by mounting means 15 on the wall 10' of the garage. To guide movement of the upper edge of the door 14 I have disclosed one of a pair of laterally spaced horizontally extending parallel guide rails 16 which extend inwardly of the garage from the wall having the opening 12, and moveably carry rollers (not shown) journaled on the door 14.
The motion actuator is indicated in general by the numeral 17 and as seen in Figure l is supplied with a metal or other type housing 18 which is removable to provide access to the working parts. The actuator is supported from the support member 11. A V-belt pulley 19, disposed in a vertical plane, is part of the actuator 17, as will be more fully described hereinafter, and has trained thereabout an endless belt 20 which extends forwardly from the pulley 19 and is trained about a second pulley 21 journaled in any convenient manner upon the wall 10' of the garage 10 above the opening 12 and midway its width. To provide means for applying tension to the belt 20, I provide an idler pulley 22 which is secured to the ceiling 11 and the belt 20 is trained thereover.
Resiliently or securely fastened to the belt 20 is a connecting link 23 which is pivotally secured at 24 to the, upper end of an angular arm 25 pivoted at 26 to the door 14. Also secured to the door are a pair of inwardly extending laterally spaced ears 27, one disposed at each side of the arm 25 and, which journal the ends of a rod 28 for axial rotation. The rod is provided with a right angle latch arm 29 adapted to cooperate with a latch member 30 anchored to the garage 10 to releasably latch the door in the closed position. A spring 31 is provided to yieldably hold the latch arm 29 in latching relation to the latch member 30 and thus prevent accidental movement of. the door from the closed position. However, the rod 28 is provided with a radially extending actuating finger 32 which bears against the arm 25 and is disposed in such a position that when the arm 25 is pivoted at 26 inwardly of the garage the rod 28 is axially rotated and the latch arm 29 is moved from the full line position to the broken line position shown in Figure 6, thus being released from the member 30 and permitting the door to open. The arm 25 at the end of its movement strikes the rod 28 which constitutes a stop for the arm and permits the door to be pulled by the belt 20 through the link 23. and arm 25.
The subject matter of the present invention is contained' in an automatically reversible torque sensitive motion actuator indicated in its entirety by the numeral 17 and briefly consists of a reversible prime mover 33, here shown to be an electric motor, having a motor shaft 34 which constitutes a driving shaft. The motor 33 is preferably supported by the frame 35 of the motion actuator but may be supported at any point found convenient and desirable. Iournaled for rotation upon the frame 35 I provide a driven shaft 36 which is fixed to and supports the pulley 19. Intermediate the driven shaft 36 and the driving shaft 34 I provide a swivel mounted motion transmitting mechanism 37 which is here shown to be a series of belts and pulleys to provide means for transmitting the rotary motion from the driving shaft 34 to the driven shaft 36 at a greatly reduced speed.
In this construction the motion transmitting mechanism includes a stub shaft 38 which is anchored at right angles to rockable arm 39 journaled at 40 coaxial with shaft 36. To assist in understanding the invention I disclose the transmitting mechanism in detail as having a driving shaft 34 provided with a relatively small pulley 41 fixed thereon. Journaled for rotation on shaft 36 in the plane of pulley 41 is a large pulley 42 which is ganged with a small pulley 43. A belt 44 is trained about the pulleys 41 and 42. A belt 45 is trained about the pulley 43 and about a large pulley 46 journaled on the stub shaft 38 and ganged with a small pulley 47. Still another belt 48 is trained about the small pulley 47 and a large pulley 49 fixed to the shaft 36. Thus it will be seen that rotary motion of driving shaft 34 will impart rotary motion to the shaft 36 and therefore will rotate the pulley 19 causing the belt 20 to move the door 14 to open and closed positions.
The torque at the motor 33 or driving shaft 34 required to move the door 14 provides reverse torque at the pulley 49 and therefore the small pulley 47 endeavors to travel an arcuate path defined from the axis of shaft 36 and causing the rockable arm 39 to swing from the full line position of Figure 2 to the broken line position of Figures 2 and 5 or to the full line position of Figure 3. Since the arm 39 is disposed above the center of gravity I provide yieldable means 50-50 which are shown to be tension springs that oppose each other and yieldably maintain the rockable arm 39 in a vertical position. When the torque becomes great enough to overcome either spring 50 the arm 39 is caused to swivel at 40 according to whichever direction the torque is applied.
The rockable arm 39 is provided with a pair of opposed strikers 51 adapted to strike the actuating buttons 52 of normally colsed limit switches 53 carried by the frame 35. As the torque becomes great enough to cause the rockable arm 39 to swivel to one side or the order a striker 51 contacts the actuator 52 of its companion switch 53 and opens the switch thus halting the movement of the garage door.
Inspection of Figure 4 will reveal that the rockable arm 39 is provided with a right angle undulatory finger 54 which passes intermediate a pair of rockable levers 55 and 56. As the arm 39 rocks to the right, as viewed in Figure 3, the lever 56 is carried by the finger 54 thus stretching the spring 50 while the opposed lever 55 is supported by a stop 57 carried by the frame 35. Movement of the arm 39 in the opposed direction will cause the lever 55 to move therewith and stretch the opposed spring 50.
In Figure 5 it is clearly seen that means are provided at 58 to adjust the tension of the springs 50 so that sufficient torque may be applied to shaft 36 to cause the door to open and close without undue rocking movement of arm 39.
At its lower end the rockable arm 39 is provided with a depending yoke 60 which is adapted to strike and actuate a reversing switch 61 carried by the frame 35. As the rockable arm 39 swivels to the position where it strikes an actuating button 52 of limit switches 53 or 53' it will simultaneously actuate the reversing switch 61 so that subsequent operation of the motion actuator will be in a reverse direction from the direction of movement present when stopping. Therefore, should the garage door descend upon the hood or other part of an automobile or other object, the increased torque will cause the actuator to halt and reverse the actuator so that subsequent energizing of the motor 33 will cause the door to raise instead of lower. Obviously the garage door may be stopped at any point upon striking an obstruction without doing damage to the door mechanism or the obstruction and therefore providing a very safe and convenient garage door control means.
In theoretical practice it appears that the arm 39 will remain in a position wherein the striker 51 retains the actuating button 52 in such position as to maintain the limit switch 53 or 53 in an open condition. However, in actual practice this is not the case since the springs 50-59 tend to return the arm 39 to its normal position when the torque created by the prime mover 33 is releaved and also the slack or lost motion present due to the endless belt 20 permits the arm this return movement.
Associate with the prime mover 33, I employ any one of a number of conventional wiring circuits preferably using a low voltage secondary control circuit in which the switches 53 and 53 are interposed to control a magnetic relay for selective operation of a primary circuit including the prime mover 33 and the reversing switch 61. Since this circuit may assume a number of various wiring organizations which are well known in the art it is not thought necessary to enlarge this treatise by a detailed disclosure thereof.
The circuit shown in Figure 7 is a typical motor reversing circuit embodying the switches 53, 53 and 61. Such a circuit is shown, although in greater detail, in the patent to Steven No. 2,586,273. Other examples are found in the Johnson Patent No. 2,070,832, and in the Chandler Patent No. 2,208,119. As is customary in these devices a manually operable main switch 62 is provided.
I have disclosed a motion transmitting mechanism for convenience of revealing the invention as having a plurality of belts and pulleys, it will be understood, however, that gears or other equivalents are encompassed in the term motion transmitting mechanism and the use thereof is envisioned.
Having thus described the invention, what I desire to secure by Letters Patent of the United States is:
1. In a garage door operating mechanism wherein a door is carried by a mounting and is movable to open and closed positions by operation of a reversible drive mechanism, a control device for the drive mechanism comprising a rockable arm interposed in said drive mechanism and urged to swing in one direction from a mid point in response to torque transmitted by the drive mechanism when it is moving in one direction and urged to swing in the opposite direction in response to torque transmitted by the drive mechanism when it is moving in the opposite direction, a pair of spring pressed members engaging the rocker arm at the mid point, one member opposing movement of the arm in one direction from mid point, means restraining said member from following the arm when it moves in the opposite direction from said mid point, the other member opposing movement of the arm from said mid point in said opposite direction, and means restraining the last named member from following the arm when the arm moves in said one direction and is opposed by the first named member.
2. A mechanism for operating doors such as garage doors, comprising a reversible electric motor, an electric circuit operably connected to said motor for energizing and controlling it, a driving shaft rotatable by said motor, a driven shaft, a pivotally mounted motion transmitting mechanism operably connecting said shafts and operative by torque between said shafts to move about its pivotal axis, said mechanism including a rockable arm movable to and fro, a pair of spring pressed members engaging said rocker arm, one member opposing movement of the arm in one direction from a normal position, means restraining said member from following the arm when it moves in the opposite direction from the normal position, the other member opposing movement of the arm from normal position in said opposite direction, means restraining the last named member from following the arm when the arm moves in said one direction against the opposition of the first named member, two normally closed limit switches in said circuit, each adapted to open the circuit and deenergize the motor, one switch being in the path of movement of the arm from normal position against the opposition of one of said members, the other switch being in the path of movement of the arm from normal position against the opposition of the other member, a reversing switch in the circuit operable to reverse the direction of rotation of said motor, and means on said arm actuating the reversing switch when the arm moves to engage either of the first named switches.
Chandler July 16, 1940 Wilcox Apr. 20, 1954
US452850A 1954-08-30 1954-08-30 Torque sensitive reversible motion actuator Expired - Lifetime US2751219A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US452850A US2751219A (en) 1954-08-30 1954-08-30 Torque sensitive reversible motion actuator

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US452850A US2751219A (en) 1954-08-30 1954-08-30 Torque sensitive reversible motion actuator

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
US2751219A true US2751219A (en) 1956-06-19

Family

ID=23798208

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US452850A Expired - Lifetime US2751219A (en) 1954-08-30 1954-08-30 Torque sensitive reversible motion actuator

Country Status (1)

Country Link
US (1) US2751219A (en)

Cited By (15)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2872183A (en) * 1956-03-12 1959-02-03 R V Harty Co Inc Driving mechanisms
US2888086A (en) * 1957-09-06 1959-05-26 Daniel C O'brien Carriage oscillating device
US3164761A (en) * 1959-10-20 1965-01-05 Moscow K Richmond Load-responsive, automatic-stop drive mechanism
US3513374A (en) * 1968-09-05 1970-05-19 Edward J Koment Car window safety circuit
US3677420A (en) * 1965-10-20 1972-07-18 Cutler Hammer Inc Storage and retrieval system with a motor current sensing to detect obstructions
US3813590A (en) * 1973-08-31 1974-05-28 Allister Mfg Co Inc Automatic reversing control equipment
US4107877A (en) * 1977-09-19 1978-08-22 Clopay Corporation Garage door operator and door obstruction sensing apparatus
US4131830A (en) * 1978-02-08 1978-12-26 Clopay Corporation Position control and obstruction detector apparatus for a motor-driven door operator
US4346533A (en) * 1980-04-26 1982-08-31 Gebr. Bode & Co. Gmbh Drive for a vehicle door
US4611430A (en) * 1980-06-10 1986-09-16 Altrogge W Door mounted operating mechanism for an overhead door
US4628636A (en) * 1984-05-18 1986-12-16 Holmes-Hally Industries, Inc. Garage door operator mechanism
US4783929A (en) * 1987-09-04 1988-11-15 Holmes-Hally Industries Guard apparatus for shrouding spring loaded garage door hardware
GB2401908A (en) * 2003-04-25 2004-11-24 Chamberlain Group Inc Controlled torque drive for a barrier operator
US20080229663A1 (en) * 2007-03-22 2008-09-25 Richard Armstrong Apparatus and method for operating an auxiliary door
US9030144B2 (en) 1992-04-22 2015-05-12 Uusi, Llc Monitoring system

Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2208119A (en) * 1937-03-13 1940-07-16 Albert C Nolte Remote control system
US2676294A (en) * 1947-11-13 1954-04-20 Eastern Ind Inc Electric motor system for garage doors

Patent Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2208119A (en) * 1937-03-13 1940-07-16 Albert C Nolte Remote control system
US2676294A (en) * 1947-11-13 1954-04-20 Eastern Ind Inc Electric motor system for garage doors

Cited By (17)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2872183A (en) * 1956-03-12 1959-02-03 R V Harty Co Inc Driving mechanisms
US2888086A (en) * 1957-09-06 1959-05-26 Daniel C O'brien Carriage oscillating device
US3164761A (en) * 1959-10-20 1965-01-05 Moscow K Richmond Load-responsive, automatic-stop drive mechanism
US3677420A (en) * 1965-10-20 1972-07-18 Cutler Hammer Inc Storage and retrieval system with a motor current sensing to detect obstructions
US3513374A (en) * 1968-09-05 1970-05-19 Edward J Koment Car window safety circuit
US3813590A (en) * 1973-08-31 1974-05-28 Allister Mfg Co Inc Automatic reversing control equipment
US4107877A (en) * 1977-09-19 1978-08-22 Clopay Corporation Garage door operator and door obstruction sensing apparatus
US4131830A (en) * 1978-02-08 1978-12-26 Clopay Corporation Position control and obstruction detector apparatus for a motor-driven door operator
US4346533A (en) * 1980-04-26 1982-08-31 Gebr. Bode & Co. Gmbh Drive for a vehicle door
US4611430A (en) * 1980-06-10 1986-09-16 Altrogge W Door mounted operating mechanism for an overhead door
US4628636A (en) * 1984-05-18 1986-12-16 Holmes-Hally Industries, Inc. Garage door operator mechanism
US4783929A (en) * 1987-09-04 1988-11-15 Holmes-Hally Industries Guard apparatus for shrouding spring loaded garage door hardware
US9030144B2 (en) 1992-04-22 2015-05-12 Uusi, Llc Monitoring system
GB2401908A (en) * 2003-04-25 2004-11-24 Chamberlain Group Inc Controlled torque drive for a barrier operator
GB2401908B (en) * 2003-04-25 2005-11-30 Chamberlain Group Inc Controlled torque drive for a barrier operator
US6995533B2 (en) 2003-04-25 2006-02-07 The Chamberlain Group, Inc. Controlled torque drive for a barrier operator
US20080229663A1 (en) * 2007-03-22 2008-09-25 Richard Armstrong Apparatus and method for operating an auxiliary door

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US2751219A (en) Torque sensitive reversible motion actuator
US3764875A (en) Door operator
US2084733A (en) Garage door opener
US2752150A (en) Garage door operator
US2806689A (en) Electric operator for vertical jalousies
US3764874A (en) Garage door opener with instant reverse mechanism
US2526503A (en) Elevator door
IE31946L (en) Electrical apparatus for operating doors
US2225003A (en) Door operating mechanism
GB1022547A (en) Electromechanical door operator
US2463392A (en) Automatic gate
JP5190176B2 (en) Elevator door opening and closing device
US2009342A (en) Elevator door control
US2839294A (en) Automatic opening and closing means for overhead doors
US1641067A (en) Door-operating means
US1499735A (en) Car-door-operating mechanism
US1865925A (en) Electrical door operating mechanism
US3787725A (en) Electric garage door opener
US2151430A (en) Door actuating mechanism
US2893141A (en) Gate drive with slider crank
US2872183A (en) Driving mechanisms
US3942073A (en) Motor operated garage door mechanism
US1594514A (en) Apparatus for operating hinged doors
US1630127A (en) Electric door opener
US803832A (en) Motor-operated switch.