US2746766A - Suspension of a rigid axle, particularly for motor vehicles - Google Patents

Suspension of a rigid axle, particularly for motor vehicles Download PDF

Info

Publication number
US2746766A
US2746766A US23405351A US2746766A US 2746766 A US2746766 A US 2746766A US 23405351 A US23405351 A US 23405351A US 2746766 A US2746766 A US 2746766A
Authority
US
Grant status
Grant
Patent type
Prior art keywords
axle
link
joints
vehicle
axis
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
Inventor
Friedrich K H Nallinger
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Daimler-Benz AG
Original Assignee
Daimler-Benz AG
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Grant date

Links

Images

Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60GVEHICLE SUSPENSION ARRANGEMENTS
    • B60G9/00Resilient suspensions of a rigid axle or axle housing for two or more wheels
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60GVEHICLE SUSPENSION ARRANGEMENTS
    • B60G2200/00Indexing codes relating to suspension types
    • B60G2200/30Rigid axle suspensions
    • B60G2200/314Rigid axle suspensions with longitudinally arranged arms articulated on the axle
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60GVEHICLE SUSPENSION ARRANGEMENTS
    • B60G2200/00Indexing codes relating to suspension types
    • B60G2200/30Rigid axle suspensions
    • B60G2200/314Rigid axle suspensions with longitudinally arranged arms articulated on the axle
    • B60G2200/315Rigid axle suspensions with longitudinally arranged arms articulated on the axle at least one of the arms having an A or V shape

Description

y 1956 F. K. H. NALLINGER 2,745,765

SUSPENSION OF A RIGID AXLE, PARTICULARLY FOR MOTOR VEHICLES Filed June 28, 1951- o7 Mrs 2 Z/Edr/c A/e/Q/lhf Z ,0 yM,M,h/MA,VM

United States Patent SUSPENSION OF A RIGID AXLE, PARTICULARLY FOR MOTOR VEHICLES Friedrich K. H. Nallinger, Stuttgart, Germany, assignor to Daimler-Benz Aktiengesellschaft, Stuttgart-Unterturkheim, Germany Application June 28, 1951, Serial No. 234,053 8 Claims. (Cl. 280-124) This invention relates to a suspension of a rigid axle on the vehicle superstructure (body or frame).

An object of the invention is to provide primarily such a guiding of the axle as to the vehicle superstructure that an unobjectionable kinematicguiding of the axle is effected, particularly also in such cases in which springs, for example, coil springs are used which by themselves can contribute naught toward the guiding of the axle. I

The hitherto usual suspensions are, in this respect, attended by certain constructional difficulties. The frequently usual transversal swinging armsthe one, end of which, for example, is linkedto the frame; and-theiother end to the axle-produce, on the springing ,motionsof the axle, transverse motions which,- for example, cause bodyshaking. I 1

A feature of the invention consistsin. the provision of a pair of link members arranged one above theother and adapted to swing up and down substantially. withirrlongi-v tudinal planes. secured to the frame for rocking motionabout, a trans verse axis only and is connected to the axle between the wheels thereof for a universal swinging motion or at least for a swinging motion about a transverse axis and about a longitudinal axis. Theother link of said pair of links is swingably secured to the axle between the wheels thereof for rocking motion about a transverse axisonly and is connected to the frame either for. a universal swinging motion or at least for rocking motion ,about a transverse axis anda longitudinal axis. J v 1 According to another feature ofthe invention each of the links is formed by a V-shaped strut or triangular member, the apex thereof being pivotally connectedfto the rigid axle, or the frame respectivelyby a universal joint or by a joint permittingof a rnotion about. a longitudinal axis and about a transverse axis. In the present case, means may be provided. for connecting one end'of each link with the frame, or the axle,respectively, by means of a hinge orby ball-and-socket jointsi andfor connecting the other end of said linkto the axle, or the frame respectively, by means of a ball-and-socket joint for a universal rocking motion.

In order to explain the invention further several embodiments'thereof as applied to a rigid axle suspension will now be described by way of example, with reference to the accompanying diagrammatic drawings inwhich- One member of the pair is swingably Fig. l is a diagrammatic perspective view illustrating an axle suspension embodying the features of the present invention, 3

Fig. 2 is a top plan view of the axle suspension shown in Fig. 1,

Fig. 3 is a side view of the same,

Figs. 4-11 illustrate-modified forms of the axle suspension in side view,

, Fig. 12 is a partial view of Fig. 2 illustrating a rubber joint, and

Fig. 13 is a more or less diagrammatic plan view of an axle suspension in which the axle is flexible in itself and in which one link extends towards the front and the other link member towards the rear of the vehicle.

In the drawings like references indicate the same or similar parts.

Patented May 22, 1956 ice In the forms of the invention illustrated in the drawings a represents the frame, b a rigid axle with the road wheels 0 (for example, .the driven rear wheels of a motor vehicle), d the upper link member built up of struts d1 and d2, and e the lower link member built up of struts 21 and 22. Theupper link member is connected with one of the two vehicle parts to be relatively guided (on the drawing the frame) by meansof a hinge formed by two joints a and f2 in such a mannerithat, as to this part, it can swing only about a'tra'nS; vers e axis of the vehicle, .Whereas the joint g forconnecting the upper link member d with the other vehicle part (in the drawing the rigid axle b) is so formed thatthe link member, as to this part, can swing universally, as well about a transverse axis as also abdut a' longitudinal axis of the vehicle. In a corresponding manner the lower link member e is articulated by means of a hinge h formed by two joints hi and hz to the second of the hereinbefore mentioned parts (in the drawing, therefore, to the rigid axle b) about a transverse axis only, and universally to the first mentioned part (in the drawing, therefore, to the frame), about a transverse and a longitudinal axis, by means of a joint 1'. In this connection the joints f1 and f2 as well as the joints'hi and hz 'canbe formed. in the simplest way as hinge or pin joints, and the joints g and i as ball-and-socket joints. Torsion, bar springscan also be employed to, great advantage which, for 'example, are, arranged in ;the articulated shafts of the joints f1, f2. Such a torsion bar In is shown in Fig.2. Referring now particularly to Fig. 1 it will be seen that owing to this axle suspensionthe rigid axle b with the road wheels c can swing relative to the framea about a longitudinal axis for elfecting vertical springing movements permitting the wheels to conform to the inequalities of the road as Well as to bank on curves. When, for example, both wheels 0 pass at the same time ovfer an obstruction extending across the road the axle b performs a parallel movement as to the frame as it is guided in vertical direction by means of the link members a and e in the manner of a parallelogram type suspension. If, on the contrary both wheels are to perform opposite springing motions as to the frame as, for example, in the case in a curve the rigid axle d can perform this movement thereby that it swings, as to the frame, about the axis AB extending through the joints g, i in longitudinal direction of the vehicle, as-ele arly shown in Fig. -l. In this case the upper link member (I with the joints f1, f2 can be considered as a part of the frame a, and the lower link member e with the joints hl, hz as a part of the rigid axle b. .Both link members d and 2 can be arranged in any suitable manner. In the form of the invention Figs. 1. through 3 thelink members are about equal in length and arranged parallel to each other, the upper link member a being situated above the rigid axle and linked thereto by g, and the lower link member :2 below the rigid axle and linked thereto by h. In Figs. 4 and 5 the link members d. and e, as .seen in side view, arearranged at an angle to each other; namely, as seen from the rigid axle, in Fig. .4 extending away from each other, and in Fig. 5 extending towards each other. In a border line case, as clearly shown in Fig 5, the joint i and the hinge f for the connections to the frame of the link members can be situated in alignment thus effecting particularly advantageous conditions as to space and assembly. i i In the form'of the' invention illustrated in' Fig. 6 the guide links are slanted upwards from the frame to the rigid axle in the normal condition of the vehicle i. e at normal load and not in motion; Provision may alsobe made for a corresponding reverse arrangement in" which the joints 1, i (for the connections to the frame) are situated at a higher level than the joints g, h (for the connections to the rigid axle) as shown in Fig. 11. Under certain conditions an arrangement may be particularly advantageously employed in which the joint situated at the lower end of the upper link member and the joint situated at the upper end of the lower link member are formed by ball-and-socket joints so that the axis AB is essentially horizontal, or slightly inclined slowly rising either toward the front or preferably toward the rear.

In the embodiment of the invention illustrated in Fig. 7 both link members at and e are arranged above the rigid axle b and connected thereto by means of joints g and 11, whereas Fig. 8 illustrates a reversed arrangement with link members :1 and arranged below the rigid axle b and linked thereto by means of joints g and h. In these cases it is suitable for the object in view that the one joint of the two joints g and l which is nearer to the rigid axle is formed as ball-and-soeket joint, or universal joint, thereby permitting only smallest lateral relative motions between the road wheels and frame on opposite springing motions of the wheels.

Figs. 9 and 10 illustrate similar arrangements as Fig. 7 and 8 except that in the case of Fig. 9 the lower link member e, and in the case of Fig. 10 the upper link member d, is connected to the axle by means of a joint h or g respectively arranged coaxial with the wheel axis.

In all cases both guide links may be arranged at an angle to each other, or parallel, or horizontally, or inclined. They may be of equal lengths as shown in Figs. 210 or unequal lengths as shown in Fig. 11. In addition, the joints g and i may be formed, in all cases, either as simple ball-and-socket joints and the joints 1 and h as hinge joints. Instead of ball-and-socket joints there might be provided any other kind of universal joint, for example, also flexible joints such as rubber joints, as shown in Fig. 12.

The joints for mounting the guide links to the frame are generally located within the wheelbase of the vehicle, however, alternatively they may also be situated beyond this wheelbase. Eventually, the one link member may extend from the axle towards the front and the other link member extends from the axle towards the rear, as diagrammatically shown in Fig. 13.

The road wheels of the rigid axle suspended in accordance with the present invention may be undriven e. g. front wheels), or driven (e. g. rear wheels). Most desirably the axle is driven by means of a double-joint shaft k from the engine suspended in the frame, as indicated in Fig. 2.

In addition, the wheel axle having been denoted, for the sake of simplicity, as rigid axle need not be formed as fully rigid axle so as to be included within the scope of the instant invention, but may, eventually, be dispensed with and in place thereof an in itself flexible axle member connecting the road wheelsmay be provided, such as that shown at 1 in Fig. 13, or another axle aggregate capable of transmitting the wheel guiding forces.

The term vehicle body used in the claims is intended to cover both a chassis or the entire body including side walls and end walls.

What is claimed is:

1. In a vehicle, the combination comprising an axle, a pair of wheels mounted thereon, a vehicle body supported by said axle, a single pair of links mounted one above the other for guiding said axle up and down relatively to said body, a hinge securing one of said links to said axle for rocking motion about the hinge axis only, the latter extending parallel to said axle, means connecting the same link to said vehicle body for swinging motion about both a transverse axis and a longitudinal axis of said vehicle, a joint for connecting the other one of said links to said axle for a relative rocking motion about a longitudinal axis and about a transverse axis of said vehicle, and means for hinging said last mentioned link to said vehicle body for rocking motion about a transverse axis of said vehicle, said joint and said hinge axis being spaced from one another and located in a plane extending at an angle to either one of said links, said means and said joint being disposed in the vertical central plane of the vehicle.

2. In a vehicle, the combination comprising an axle, a pair of wheels mounted thereon, a vehicle body supported by said axle, two V-shaped links mounted one above the other in opposed and spaced relationship, the diverging arms of one link and the apex of the other link being swingably secured to said body, and joints connecting the apex of said one link and the diverging ends of said other link to said axle, said joints being located at the corners of a triangle, the plane of said triangle being disposed at an angle to either one of said links.

3. The combination claimed in claim 2 in which said V-shaped links are located in substantially parallel planes.

4. The combination claimed in claim 2 in which two of said joints are located below and the third one above the axis of said wheels.

5. The combination claimed in claim 2 in which helical springs are co-ordinated to said axle and said links and mounted to restrain relative up-and-down movement of said axle relative to said body.

6. In a vehicle, the combination comprising an axle, a pair of wheels mounted thereon, a vehicle body supported by said axle, a pair of V-shaped links mounted one above the other in opposed and spaced relationship, means for swingably securing the diverging arms of one link and the apex of the other link to said body, and joints connecting the appex of said one link and the diverging ends of said other link to said axle, said joints being located at the corners of a triangle, the plane of said triangle being disposed at an agle to either one of said links, said means and said joints including a universal joint securing said first mentioned apex to said body and another universal joint connecting said second mentioned apex to said axle.

7. In a vehicle, the combination comprising an axle, a pair of wheels mounted thereon, a vehicle body supported by said axle, a pair of V-shaped links mounted one above the other in opposed and spaced relationship, means for swingably securing the diverging arms of one link and the apex of the other link to said body, and

joints connecting the apex of said one link and the diverging ends of said other link to said axle, said joints being located at the corners of a triangle, the plane of said triangle being disposed at an angle to either one of said links, the axis of said wheels being located at a level other than any level intersecting said triangle.

8. In a vehicle, the combination comprising an axle, a pair of wheels mounted thereon, a vehicle body sup ported by said axle, a pair of V-shaped links mounted one above the other in opposed and spaced relationship, means for swingably securing the diverging arms of one link and the apex of the other link to said body, and joints connecting the apex of said one link and the diverging ends of said other link to said axle, said joints being located at the corners of a triangle, the plane of said triangle being disposed at an angle to either one of said links, said means and said joints including a ball and socket securing said first mentioned apex to said body and another ball and socket connecting said second mentioned apex to said axle.

References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 2,198,099 White Apr. 23, 1940 2,300,844 Olley Nov. 3, 1942 2,369,501 Wagner et al. Feb. 13, 1945 2,403,833 Spangler July 9, 1946 FOREIGN PATENTS 671,298 France Dec. ll, 1929

US2746766A 1950-06-13 1951-06-28 Suspension of a rigid axle, particularly for motor vehicles Expired - Lifetime US2746766A (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
DE294208X 1950-06-13
US2746766A US2746766A (en) 1950-06-13 1951-06-28 Suspension of a rigid axle, particularly for motor vehicles

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US2746766A US2746766A (en) 1950-06-13 1951-06-28 Suspension of a rigid axle, particularly for motor vehicles

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
US2746766A true US2746766A (en) 1956-05-22

Family

ID=25781537

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US2746766A Expired - Lifetime US2746766A (en) 1950-06-13 1951-06-28 Suspension of a rigid axle, particularly for motor vehicles

Country Status (1)

Country Link
US (1) US2746766A (en)

Cited By (30)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2954835A (en) * 1957-09-03 1960-10-04 Chrysler Corp Understeering rear suspension
US2988160A (en) * 1955-12-29 1961-06-13 Frederick J Hooven Vehicle rear axle guiding system
US3074737A (en) * 1959-04-13 1963-01-22 Renault Front axle suspension of vehicles
US3093390A (en) * 1956-10-31 1963-06-11 Daimler Benz Ag Auxiliary frame for motor vehicles
US3116071A (en) * 1958-10-18 1963-12-31 Daimler Benz Ag Axle suspension for vehicles, especially motor vehicles
US3157242A (en) * 1960-12-30 1964-11-17 Ford Motor Co Motor vehicle road wheel suspension
US3174771A (en) * 1959-12-04 1965-03-23 Daimler Benz Ag Wheel suspension for vehicles, especially motor vehicles
US3193303A (en) * 1963-11-29 1965-07-06 Ford Motor Co Motor vehicle suspension system of a linkage type
US3208766A (en) * 1963-08-01 1965-09-28 Int Harvester Co Rigid axle attaching device and protective shield
US3228489A (en) * 1960-07-15 1966-01-11 Ford Motor Co Motor vehicle road wheel suspension with height adjusting means to compensate for load changes
US3271047A (en) * 1963-05-29 1966-09-06 Daimler Benz Ag Axle suspension
US3952824A (en) * 1973-04-11 1976-04-27 Bayerische Motoren Werke Aktiengesellschaft Rigid rear axle for motor vehicles
US4029338A (en) * 1975-08-13 1977-06-14 General Motors Corporation Twin trailing link rear suspension system
US4465300A (en) * 1982-08-19 1984-08-14 Raidel Sr John E Vehicle suspension for rough terrain
EP0151190A1 (en) * 1981-09-21 1985-08-14 Curtis A. Dyer Automotive vehicle with improved suspension system
US4789182A (en) * 1987-02-20 1988-12-06 O&K Orenstein & Koppel Aktiengesellschaft Device for pivoting a rigid axle driven by a universal shaft to the frame of an automotive vehicle
US5020820A (en) * 1989-12-26 1991-06-04 Capacity Of Texas, Inc. Tractor suspension
US5330222A (en) * 1993-03-08 1994-07-19 Ottawa Truck, Inc. Frame isolator for terminal tractor
US6135483A (en) * 1998-07-30 2000-10-24 Crane Carrier Company Vehicle suspension system
US6270282B1 (en) 1999-07-06 2001-08-07 Denso Corporation Torque rod apex mount
EP1153772A3 (en) * 2000-05-13 2002-09-18 J.C. Bamford Excavators Limited Load carrying machine
US6637762B2 (en) * 1999-12-22 2003-10-28 ZF Lemförder Metallwaren AG Axle suspension for rigid axles of vehicles
EP1211107A3 (en) * 2000-11-29 2003-11-19 ArvinMeritor Technology, LLC A vehicle suspension
US20040026888A1 (en) * 2000-03-08 2004-02-12 John Leen Bent torque rod
US20090174167A1 (en) * 2008-01-04 2009-07-09 Bowers Lee N Suspension Assemblies Having Resilient Member And Vehicles Including Same
US20090224501A1 (en) * 2008-03-10 2009-09-10 Carlson Brandon C Suspended Axle For Sprayer
US8573616B2 (en) * 2009-05-29 2013-11-05 Hydema Produktion A/S Suspension system with inclination stabilization
WO2014111199A1 (en) * 2013-01-17 2014-07-24 Bayerische Motoren Werke Aktiengesellschaft Rigid axle as non-driven rear axle of a motor vehicle
WO2016041707A1 (en) * 2014-09-15 2016-03-24 Zf Friedrichshafen Ag Axle suspension system for a motor vehicle
US9771112B2 (en) 2012-05-31 2017-09-26 Arctic Cat Inc. Off-highway recreational vehicle

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
FR671298A (en) * 1929-03-12 1929-12-11 Suspension system servo-balancer primarily applicable to motor vehicles and railway trains
US2198099A (en) * 1937-09-30 1940-04-23 Smith Robert S Vehicle running gear
US2300844A (en) * 1939-06-13 1942-11-03 Gen Motors Corp Spring suspension
US2369501A (en) * 1937-09-17 1945-02-13 Wagner Max Axle guiding arrangement
US2403833A (en) * 1945-12-10 1946-07-09 Spangler Daniel Herbert Suspension and load equalizing system for vehicles

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
FR671298A (en) * 1929-03-12 1929-12-11 Suspension system servo-balancer primarily applicable to motor vehicles and railway trains
US2369501A (en) * 1937-09-17 1945-02-13 Wagner Max Axle guiding arrangement
US2198099A (en) * 1937-09-30 1940-04-23 Smith Robert S Vehicle running gear
US2300844A (en) * 1939-06-13 1942-11-03 Gen Motors Corp Spring suspension
US2403833A (en) * 1945-12-10 1946-07-09 Spangler Daniel Herbert Suspension and load equalizing system for vehicles

Cited By (35)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2988160A (en) * 1955-12-29 1961-06-13 Frederick J Hooven Vehicle rear axle guiding system
US3093390A (en) * 1956-10-31 1963-06-11 Daimler Benz Ag Auxiliary frame for motor vehicles
US2954835A (en) * 1957-09-03 1960-10-04 Chrysler Corp Understeering rear suspension
US3116071A (en) * 1958-10-18 1963-12-31 Daimler Benz Ag Axle suspension for vehicles, especially motor vehicles
US3074737A (en) * 1959-04-13 1963-01-22 Renault Front axle suspension of vehicles
US3174771A (en) * 1959-12-04 1965-03-23 Daimler Benz Ag Wheel suspension for vehicles, especially motor vehicles
US3228489A (en) * 1960-07-15 1966-01-11 Ford Motor Co Motor vehicle road wheel suspension with height adjusting means to compensate for load changes
US3157242A (en) * 1960-12-30 1964-11-17 Ford Motor Co Motor vehicle road wheel suspension
US3271047A (en) * 1963-05-29 1966-09-06 Daimler Benz Ag Axle suspension
US3208766A (en) * 1963-08-01 1965-09-28 Int Harvester Co Rigid axle attaching device and protective shield
US3193303A (en) * 1963-11-29 1965-07-06 Ford Motor Co Motor vehicle suspension system of a linkage type
US3952824A (en) * 1973-04-11 1976-04-27 Bayerische Motoren Werke Aktiengesellschaft Rigid rear axle for motor vehicles
US4029338A (en) * 1975-08-13 1977-06-14 General Motors Corporation Twin trailing link rear suspension system
EP0151190A1 (en) * 1981-09-21 1985-08-14 Curtis A. Dyer Automotive vehicle with improved suspension system
US4465300A (en) * 1982-08-19 1984-08-14 Raidel Sr John E Vehicle suspension for rough terrain
US4789182A (en) * 1987-02-20 1988-12-06 O&K Orenstein & Koppel Aktiengesellschaft Device for pivoting a rigid axle driven by a universal shaft to the frame of an automotive vehicle
US5020820A (en) * 1989-12-26 1991-06-04 Capacity Of Texas, Inc. Tractor suspension
US5330222A (en) * 1993-03-08 1994-07-19 Ottawa Truck, Inc. Frame isolator for terminal tractor
US6135483A (en) * 1998-07-30 2000-10-24 Crane Carrier Company Vehicle suspension system
US6270282B1 (en) 1999-07-06 2001-08-07 Denso Corporation Torque rod apex mount
US6637762B2 (en) * 1999-12-22 2003-10-28 ZF Lemförder Metallwaren AG Axle suspension for rigid axles of vehicles
US6814175B2 (en) * 2000-03-08 2004-11-09 John Leen Bent torque rod
US20040026888A1 (en) * 2000-03-08 2004-02-12 John Leen Bent torque rod
EP1153772A3 (en) * 2000-05-13 2002-09-18 J.C. Bamford Excavators Limited Load carrying machine
EP1211107A3 (en) * 2000-11-29 2003-11-19 ArvinMeritor Technology, LLC A vehicle suspension
US7934579B2 (en) 2008-01-04 2011-05-03 Honda Motor Company, Ltd. Suspension assemblies having resilient member and vehicles including same
US20090174167A1 (en) * 2008-01-04 2009-07-09 Bowers Lee N Suspension Assemblies Having Resilient Member And Vehicles Including Same
US20090224501A1 (en) * 2008-03-10 2009-09-10 Carlson Brandon C Suspended Axle For Sprayer
EP2106935A1 (en) * 2008-03-10 2009-10-07 Deere & Company Vehicle
US7938415B2 (en) * 2008-03-10 2011-05-10 Deere & Company Suspended axle for sprayer
RU2488267C2 (en) * 2008-03-10 2013-07-27 Дир Энд Компани Sprung bridge for sprinkling machine
US8573616B2 (en) * 2009-05-29 2013-11-05 Hydema Produktion A/S Suspension system with inclination stabilization
US9771112B2 (en) 2012-05-31 2017-09-26 Arctic Cat Inc. Off-highway recreational vehicle
WO2014111199A1 (en) * 2013-01-17 2014-07-24 Bayerische Motoren Werke Aktiengesellschaft Rigid axle as non-driven rear axle of a motor vehicle
WO2016041707A1 (en) * 2014-09-15 2016-03-24 Zf Friedrichshafen Ag Axle suspension system for a motor vehicle

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US3547215A (en) Automotive vehicle suspension structure
US3292944A (en) Suspension for the rear wheels of vehicles
US3210092A (en) Pivotal wheel suspension for motor vehicles
US3448994A (en) Swaybar for vehicles
US5427404A (en) Stiff beam suspension system
US4756550A (en) Suspension assembly with compound parallelogram
US5620199A (en) Suspension system for vehicle
US3137513A (en) Wheel suspension system for vehicles
US4815755A (en) Vehicle rear suspension system
US4159128A (en) Vehicle suspension system including wheel-tilting mechanism
US3215384A (en) Yielding connection for anchoring a rigid arm to a vehicle frame
US5649719A (en) Linkage suspension system
US5636857A (en) Vehicle solid axle front suspension system
US6328322B1 (en) Drive axle suspension
US2706113A (en) Spring suspension for vehicles
US3033587A (en) Independent front wheel suspension
US4053171A (en) Spring suspension arrangement for off-road vehicles
US6357768B1 (en) Straight line linkage mechanism
US1579245A (en) Spring suspension for track-laying tractors
US4681342A (en) Wheel suspension
US6173977B1 (en) Motor vehicle
US4465298A (en) U-Joint mount and lateral guide for air spring suspension
US4541653A (en) Air spring suspension with angular torque beam, U-joint mount therefor, and lateral guides
US4486030A (en) Rear suspension apparatus for motor vehicle
US1924984A (en) Multiwheel road vehicle