US2746365A - Road construction - Google Patents

Road construction Download PDF

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Publication number
US2746365A
US2746365A US256654A US25665451A US2746365A US 2746365 A US2746365 A US 2746365A US 256654 A US256654 A US 256654A US 25665451 A US25665451 A US 25665451A US 2746365 A US2746365 A US 2746365A
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Prior art keywords
slab
road
concrete
water
tube
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Expired - Lifetime
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US256654A
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Joseph A Darneille
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Joseph A Darneille
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E01CONSTRUCTION OF ROADS, RAILWAYS, OR BRIDGES
    • E01CCONSTRUCTION OF, OR SURFACES FOR, ROADS, SPORTS GROUNDS, OR THE LIKE; MACHINES OR AUXILIARY TOOLS FOR CONSTRUCTION OR REPAIR
    • E01C7/00Coherent pavings made in situ
    • E01C7/08Coherent pavings made in situ made of road-metal and binders
    • E01C7/10Coherent pavings made in situ made of road-metal and binders of road-metal and cement or like binders
    • E01C7/14Concrete paving

Description

May 22, 1956 J. A. DARNEILLE ROAD CONSTRUCTION Filed Nov. 16,

(0 71 /0 Vf' t man United States Patent ROAD CNSTRUCTION Joseph AQDarneille, Silver Spring, Md;

Application November 16, 1951i, Serial No. 256,654

z claims. (ci. slt-sa); Y

This invention relates to improvements in road construction, and more particularly to new road structures.

It is recognized that collection of water beneath a concrete roadway due to improper drainage conditions is responsible in many cases for a premature breakdown of the concrete slab. Water which seeps beneath a concrete roadway will usually form into a pool which will be continually increased in size under the constant pounding produced by the rise and fall of the slab under weight loads. This pounding causes the pool of water to enlarge the recess in which it lies, and the enlarged recess, of course, s capable of receiving more water. When the recess has become quite large, and, due to a dry spell, the water has become low or disappeared entirely, the concrete slab of road above the recess is no longer supported and will crack under a heavy load.

Under present road construction methods, it is necessary to provide transverse expansion joints at closely spaced points along the road to permit expansion and contraction of the slab under temperature changes. Frequently, the ends of adjacent slab sections will become out of horizontal alignment causing wear and breakage at the joints. Very heavy vehicles passing over the road will depress the ends of the slabs over which they are passing, thus positioning them below the plane of the adjacent end of the next slab. This, of course, will produce the result just mentioned.

The object of the present invention is to provide a road structure which will eliminate the water problem by permitting the removal and drainage of water which may seep between the slab and the roadbed, and thereby prevent its collection beneath the slab.

Another object of the invention is to provide a road structure which will absorb much of the expansion and contraction of the slab within its own length, and therefore drastically reduce the number of expansion joints necessary in a given length of road.

Still another object of the invention is to provide an expansion joint which will prevent the joint edges from becoming out of horizontal alignment.

Other objects of the invention will appear from the following description when taken in view of the drawings which accompany, and form a part of this specification.

In the drawings:

Figure l is a perspective view of a section of road constructed in accordance with the present invention;

Figure 2 is a transverse section through the road, showing the forms used in constructing the road in place; and,

Figure 3 is a longitudinal section through a portion of the road taken on the line 3--3 of Figure 2.

Referring to the drawings in detail, the invention consists generally in providing a concrete slab which has a plurality of transverse, horizontal passages through it, the passages being spaced from one another longitudinally of the slab and each having a plurality of vertical openings extending from the bottom of the passage to the bottom of the slab.

The road is constructed by the use of side forms 1 2,746,365 Batented May', 22.11956 and Z, each of; which is a. channel: member having.- a pluralityV of. horizontally extending bosses` 3. spacedt along its` vertical, web. The bossesthave openings1 throughthem for a purpose to be described'. The bossesmay'beround, oval, or other desired shape, and are; adapted to. receive the ends of ther tubular formsr 4, having-,the samexinterior shapel and size as the bossestfso as to. slipr snugly. over the. bosses. Tubes 4i are slightly tapered, fromendl to end, and. for this. reason. thebosses onl side,r form., 1. will be. slightly smaller thanthe-bosses, on.` side form tubes are of a length equal' to the width of the slab to be laid, and will serve; asA spacers to holdA ther side,V forms the proper distance aparta Eachn tube i's, provided with i a series ofA aligned openings 5, extending tl'i'e length of the tube. When the tubes are positioned between the side forms, the row of holes in each tube is positioned at the bottom. When the side forms and connecting tubes are set up the concrete may be poured to form the slab. Of course, reinforcing rods or mesh mats 7 may be used, and properly positioned before the concrete is poured.

After the concrete has set sufficiently to hold its form, but before it has hardened, a special tool may be inserted into the tubes and when the tool strikes a projecting stop 6 positioned behind each opening 5, the tool may be operated to drive a hole into the concrete from the tube downward to the roadbed. Any suitable tool could be used, and one such tool might take the form of a tube having a right angle bend at its leading end. A relatively stitl, but flexible, shaft will be inserted in the tube. When the down-turned mouth of the tube strikes the abutment 6, the shaft may be pushed through the tube into the soft concrete to form a vertical opening. When the concrete has set suiiciently, the structural forms may be removed. When the side forms have been taken away, the tubes 4 may be pulled out of the slab from the side having the large end of the tube. A tool similar to that used for pulling automobile axles may be used. This tool, as is well known, has a threaded shaft having means at its end to engage the tube, and the nut through which the shaft works has feet to engage the side of the slab. When the screw is turned the tube will be broken free from the concrete and can be drawn out.

The road resulting from this manner of construction will be in the form of a continuous concrete slab 8 having a plurality of spaced horizontal passages 9 eX- tending transversely through it. Each passage 9 will be in communication with the roadbed beneath the slab through a plurality of vertical holes 10. Trenches 11 at either side of the finished road will be lled with crushed rock to provide drainage ditches to carry off water.

With this structure, any water which seeps beneath the slab can rise in the vertical holes 10, and when the road is under weight loads, the rise and fall of the slab will cause the water to spurt up into the vertical holes into the horizontal passages 9. Due to the fact that the tubes 5 which formed the passages 9 are tapered, the openings have inclined bottoms so that the water will run to the side edge and be carried oir' in the drainage ditches. It is customary to build a concrete road in two abutting half sections, and the large ends of the tubes will be at the outside edge of each half so that all water v will be carried outward. As the water is free to rise in the openings in the slab, no pockets will be formed beneath the road, and, therefore, a firm roadbed for the slab can be maintained.

Much less overall elongation or contraction of the slab will take place in this type of road as the openings will absorb a considerable portion of it. Therefore, transverse expansion joints need be used only at widely spaced points, and then, if provided in the vertical plane of one of the passages 9, it need only bethrough that portion of the slab above the passage to prevent the surface from buckling. A joint of this type is shown at 12 in Figure l.

Whilev in the above a practical embodiment of the invention hasbeen disclosed, it will be understood that various changes may be made from the precise arrangement shown without departing from the spirit of the invention as dened in the appended claims.

What s claimed is:

l. Road construction comprising, an elongated slab of concrete having a plurality of spaced horizontal passages extending completely through said slab transversely thereof, and having a plurality of vertical openings extending from the bottoms of said passages to the bottom face of said slab.

2. Road construction comprising, an elongated slab of concrete having a plurality of spaced horizontal passages completely through said slab transversely thereof, said passages having their bottom walls sloping downwardly toward one side edge of said slab, a drainage ditch along said one sideedge, and said slab having a plurality of vertical openings communicating with the said passages and the bottom face of said slab.

References Cited in the le of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 283,369 Bartlett Aug. 2l, 1883 2,148,773 Ozias Feb. 28, 1939 2,254,885 Carswell et al Sept. 2, 1941 2,486,683 Sass Nov. 1, 1949 2,502,672 Royther Apr. 4, 1950 FOREIGN PATENTS 913,410 France May 27, 1946

US256654A 1951-11-16 1951-11-16 Road construction Expired - Lifetime US2746365A (en)

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Cited By (25)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3192133A (en) * 1958-08-27 1965-06-29 Oswald T Adamec Devices for solar distillation
US5005331A (en) * 1990-04-10 1991-04-09 Shaw Ronald D Concrete dowel placement sleeves
US5216862A (en) * 1988-10-27 1993-06-08 Shaw Ronald D Concrete dowel placement sleeves
US5487249A (en) * 1994-03-28 1996-01-30 Shaw; Ronald D. Dowel placement apparatus for monolithic concrete pour and method of use
US5678952A (en) * 1995-11-16 1997-10-21 Shaw; Lee A. Concrete dowel placement apparatus
US6016635A (en) * 1999-03-23 2000-01-25 Shaw; Lee A. Surface seeded aggregate and method of forming the same
US6210070B1 (en) 1999-04-14 2001-04-03 Ron D. Shaw Concrete dowel slip tube with clip
US20040041295A1 (en) * 2002-01-28 2004-03-04 Shaw Lee A. Method of forming surface seeded particulate
US20050047866A1 (en) * 2003-09-02 2005-03-03 Chen Jui Wen Construction of environmental and water-permeable paving
US20050224690A1 (en) * 2004-04-12 2005-10-13 Hobbs George J Water-permeable concrete pad and form
US20060013653A1 (en) * 2004-07-19 2006-01-19 Bend Industries, Inc. Method for installing paving blocks
US20060083591A1 (en) * 2003-09-02 2006-04-20 Shaw Lee A Method of forming surface seeded particulate
US20070086860A1 (en) * 2005-10-17 2007-04-19 Shaw Lee A Concrete template and method of use
US20070134063A1 (en) * 2005-12-14 2007-06-14 Shaw And Sons, Inc. Dowel device with closed end speed cover
US20100180528A1 (en) * 2009-01-21 2010-07-22 Shaw Ronald D Decorative concrete and method of installing the same
US20100284740A1 (en) * 2007-01-19 2010-11-11 Brock Usa, Llc Structural Underlayment Support System For Use With Paving And Flooring Elements
US20110008594A1 (en) * 2009-07-07 2011-01-13 Shaw Lee A Concrete template and method of use
US20120045279A1 (en) * 2010-04-14 2012-02-23 Jui-Wen Chen Water-permeable and water-absorbable ecological paving
US20120063846A1 (en) * 2010-09-09 2012-03-15 Jui-Wen Chen Method for manufacturing artificial paving that help improving global warming
US8568840B2 (en) 2007-01-19 2013-10-29 Brock Usa, Llc Base for turf system
US8668403B2 (en) 2008-01-22 2014-03-11 Brock Usa, Llc Load supporting panel having impact absorbing structure
US9340969B1 (en) 2014-11-13 2016-05-17 Shaw & Sons, Inc. Crush zone dowel tube
US9617694B2 (en) 2014-01-15 2017-04-11 Shaw & Sons, Inc. Concrete dowel system
US10060082B2 (en) 2016-05-18 2018-08-28 Brock Usa, Llc Base for turf system with vertical support extensions at panel edges
USD866800S1 (en) 2015-10-26 2019-11-12 Brock Usa, Llc Turf underlayment

Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US283369A (en) * 1883-08-21 Stone pavement
US2148773A (en) * 1939-02-28 Highway paving construction
US2254885A (en) * 1941-09-02 Drainage for siab roadways
FR913410A (en) * 1943-04-07 1946-09-10 A method of building foundations, in particular roads, in wetlands
US2486683A (en) * 1949-01-31 1949-11-01 Sass Thomas Concrete form tie rod
US2502672A (en) * 1946-06-29 1950-04-04 Arne G Royther Form tie and spreader

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US283369A (en) * 1883-08-21 Stone pavement
US2148773A (en) * 1939-02-28 Highway paving construction
US2254885A (en) * 1941-09-02 Drainage for siab roadways
FR913410A (en) * 1943-04-07 1946-09-10 A method of building foundations, in particular roads, in wetlands
US2502672A (en) * 1946-06-29 1950-04-04 Arne G Royther Form tie and spreader
US2486683A (en) * 1949-01-31 1949-11-01 Sass Thomas Concrete form tie rod

Cited By (56)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3192133A (en) * 1958-08-27 1965-06-29 Oswald T Adamec Devices for solar distillation
US5216862A (en) * 1988-10-27 1993-06-08 Shaw Ronald D Concrete dowel placement sleeves
US5005331A (en) * 1990-04-10 1991-04-09 Shaw Ronald D Concrete dowel placement sleeves
US5487249A (en) * 1994-03-28 1996-01-30 Shaw; Ronald D. Dowel placement apparatus for monolithic concrete pour and method of use
US5678952A (en) * 1995-11-16 1997-10-21 Shaw; Lee A. Concrete dowel placement apparatus
US5934821A (en) * 1995-11-16 1999-08-10 Shaw; Lee A. Concrete dowel placement apparatus
US6016635A (en) * 1999-03-23 2000-01-25 Shaw; Lee A. Surface seeded aggregate and method of forming the same
US6210070B1 (en) 1999-04-14 2001-04-03 Ron D. Shaw Concrete dowel slip tube with clip
US20040041295A1 (en) * 2002-01-28 2004-03-04 Shaw Lee A. Method of forming surface seeded particulate
US20080112757A1 (en) * 2002-01-28 2008-05-15 Shaw Lee A Method of forming surface seeded particulate
US20070104538A1 (en) * 2002-01-28 2007-05-10 Shaw Lee A Method of forming surface seeded particulate
US7670081B2 (en) 2002-01-28 2010-03-02 Lithocrete, Inc. Method of forming surface seeded particulate
US20100111604A1 (en) * 2002-01-28 2010-05-06 Shaw Lee A Method of forming surface seeded particulate
US20050047866A1 (en) * 2003-09-02 2005-03-03 Chen Jui Wen Construction of environmental and water-permeable paving
US20060083591A1 (en) * 2003-09-02 2006-04-20 Shaw Lee A Method of forming surface seeded particulate
US6962463B2 (en) * 2003-09-02 2005-11-08 Jui Wen Chen Construction of environmental and water-permeable paving
WO2005021871A1 (en) * 2003-09-02 2005-03-10 Jui Wen Chen Construction of environmental and water-permeable paving
US20050224690A1 (en) * 2004-04-12 2005-10-13 Hobbs George J Water-permeable concrete pad and form
US7244076B2 (en) * 2004-07-19 2007-07-17 Bend Industries, Inc. Method for installing paving blocks
US20060013653A1 (en) * 2004-07-19 2006-01-19 Bend Industries, Inc. Method for installing paving blocks
US20070248411A1 (en) * 2005-10-17 2007-10-25 Shaw Lee A Concrete template and method of use
US20070086860A1 (en) * 2005-10-17 2007-04-19 Shaw Lee A Concrete template and method of use
US20080085156A1 (en) * 2005-12-14 2008-04-10 Shaw Lee A Dowel device with closed end speed cover
US20100003080A1 (en) * 2005-12-14 2010-01-07 Shaw Lee A Dowel device with closed end speed cover
US20070134063A1 (en) * 2005-12-14 2007-06-14 Shaw And Sons, Inc. Dowel device with closed end speed cover
US8007199B2 (en) 2005-12-14 2011-08-30 Shaw & Sons, Inc. Dowel device with closed end speed cover
US20110085857A1 (en) * 2005-12-14 2011-04-14 Shaw Lee A Dowel device with closed end speed cover
US7874762B2 (en) 2005-12-14 2011-01-25 Shaw & Sons, Inc. Dowel device with closed end speed cover
US8603601B2 (en) 2007-01-19 2013-12-10 Brock Usa, Llc Base for turf system
US20100284740A1 (en) * 2007-01-19 2010-11-11 Brock Usa, Llc Structural Underlayment Support System For Use With Paving And Flooring Elements
US9771692B2 (en) 2007-01-19 2017-09-26 Brock Usa, Llc Base for turf system
US9631326B2 (en) 2007-01-19 2017-04-25 Brock Usa, Llc Underlayment panel having drainage channels
US9567714B2 (en) 2007-01-19 2017-02-14 Brock Usa, Llc Structural underlayment support system and panel for use with paving and flooring elements
US8967905B2 (en) 2007-01-19 2015-03-03 Brock Usa, Llc Structural underlayment support system and panel for use with paving and flooring elements
US8662787B2 (en) 2007-01-19 2014-03-04 Brock Usa, Llc Structural underlayment support system for use with paving and flooring elements
US8568840B2 (en) 2007-01-19 2013-10-29 Brock Usa, Llc Base for turf system
US8597754B2 (en) 2007-01-19 2013-12-03 Brock Usa, Llc Base for turf system
US8827590B2 (en) 2007-01-19 2014-09-09 Brock Usa Structural underlayment support system and panel for use with paving and flooring elements
US8668403B2 (en) 2008-01-22 2014-03-11 Brock Usa, Llc Load supporting panel having impact absorbing structure
US20140190103A1 (en) * 2008-01-22 2014-07-10 Brock Usa, Llc Underlayment Panel Having Drainage Channels
US8967906B2 (en) * 2008-01-22 2015-03-03 Brock Usa, Llc Underlayment panel having drainage channels
US9394651B2 (en) 2008-01-22 2016-07-19 Brock Usa, Llc Underlayment panel having drainage channels
US9580915B2 (en) 2009-01-21 2017-02-28 Lithocrete, Inc. Decorative concrete and method of installing the same
US20100180528A1 (en) * 2009-01-21 2010-07-22 Shaw Ronald D Decorative concrete and method of installing the same
US9267284B2 (en) 2009-01-21 2016-02-23 Lithocrete, Inc. Decorative concrete and method of installing the same
US20110008594A1 (en) * 2009-07-07 2011-01-13 Shaw Lee A Concrete template and method of use
US20120045279A1 (en) * 2010-04-14 2012-02-23 Jui-Wen Chen Water-permeable and water-absorbable ecological paving
US8267618B2 (en) * 2010-09-09 2012-09-18 Jui-Wen Chen Method for manufacturing artificial paving that help improving global warming
US20120063846A1 (en) * 2010-09-09 2012-03-15 Jui-Wen Chen Method for manufacturing artificial paving that help improving global warming
US8388260B2 (en) * 2011-04-14 2013-03-05 Jui-Wen Chen Water-permeable and water-absorbable ecological paving
US9617694B2 (en) 2014-01-15 2017-04-11 Shaw & Sons, Inc. Concrete dowel system
US9951481B2 (en) 2014-01-15 2018-04-24 Shaw & Sons, Inc. Concrete dowel system
US9340969B1 (en) 2014-11-13 2016-05-17 Shaw & Sons, Inc. Crush zone dowel tube
US9546456B2 (en) 2014-11-13 2017-01-17 Shaw & Sons, Inc. Crush zone dowel tube
USD866800S1 (en) 2015-10-26 2019-11-12 Brock Usa, Llc Turf underlayment
US10060082B2 (en) 2016-05-18 2018-08-28 Brock Usa, Llc Base for turf system with vertical support extensions at panel edges

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