US2740670A - Spray guns - Google Patents

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Publication number
US2740670A
US2740670A US327261A US32726152A US2740670A US 2740670 A US2740670 A US 2740670A US 327261 A US327261 A US 327261A US 32726152 A US32726152 A US 32726152A US 2740670 A US2740670 A US 2740670A
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Prior art keywords
spray
disc
holes
passages
head
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Expired - Lifetime
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US327261A
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Harder August
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Harder August
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B05SPRAYING OR ATOMISING IN GENERAL; APPLYING LIQUIDS OR OTHER FLUENT MATERIALS TO SURFACES, IN GENERAL
    • B05BSPRAYING APPARATUS; ATOMISING APPARATUS; NOZZLES
    • B05B7/00Spraying apparatus for discharge of liquids or other fluent materials from two or more sources, e.g. of liquid and air, of powder and gas
    • B05B7/02Spray pistols; Apparatus for discharge
    • B05B7/08Spray pistols; Apparatus for discharge with separate outlet orifices, e.g. to form parallel jets, i.e. the axis of the jets being parallel, to form intersecting jets, i.e. the axis of the jets converging but not necessarily intersecting at a point
    • B05B7/0807Spray pistols; Apparatus for discharge with separate outlet orifices, e.g. to form parallel jets, i.e. the axis of the jets being parallel, to form intersecting jets, i.e. the axis of the jets converging but not necessarily intersecting at a point to form intersecting jets
    • B05B7/0815Spray pistols; Apparatus for discharge with separate outlet orifices, e.g. to form parallel jets, i.e. the axis of the jets being parallel, to form intersecting jets, i.e. the axis of the jets converging but not necessarily intersecting at a point to form intersecting jets with at least one gas jet intersecting a jet constituted by a liquid or a mixture containing a liquid for controlling the shape of the latter
    • B05B7/0823Spray pistols; Apparatus for discharge with separate outlet orifices, e.g. to form parallel jets, i.e. the axis of the jets being parallel, to form intersecting jets, i.e. the axis of the jets converging but not necessarily intersecting at a point to form intersecting jets with at least one gas jet intersecting a jet constituted by a liquid or a mixture containing a liquid for controlling the shape of the latter comprising a rotatable spray pattern adjusting plate controlling the flow rate of the spray shaping gas jets
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B05SPRAYING OR ATOMISING IN GENERAL; APPLYING LIQUIDS OR OTHER FLUENT MATERIALS TO SURFACES, IN GENERAL
    • B05BSPRAYING APPARATUS; ATOMISING APPARATUS; NOZZLES
    • B05B7/00Spraying apparatus for discharge of liquids or other fluent materials from two or more sources, e.g. of liquid and air, of powder and gas
    • B05B7/02Spray pistols; Apparatus for discharge
    • B05B7/08Spray pistols; Apparatus for discharge with separate outlet orifices, e.g. to form parallel jets, i.e. the axis of the jets being parallel, to form intersecting jets, i.e. the axis of the jets converging but not necessarily intersecting at a point
    • B05B7/0807Spray pistols; Apparatus for discharge with separate outlet orifices, e.g. to form parallel jets, i.e. the axis of the jets being parallel, to form intersecting jets, i.e. the axis of the jets converging but not necessarily intersecting at a point to form intersecting jets
    • B05B7/0815Spray pistols; Apparatus for discharge with separate outlet orifices, e.g. to form parallel jets, i.e. the axis of the jets being parallel, to form intersecting jets, i.e. the axis of the jets converging but not necessarily intersecting at a point to form intersecting jets with at least one gas jet intersecting a jet constituted by a liquid or a mixture containing a liquid for controlling the shape of the latter
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B05SPRAYING OR ATOMISING IN GENERAL; APPLYING LIQUIDS OR OTHER FLUENT MATERIALS TO SURFACES, IN GENERAL
    • B05BSPRAYING APPARATUS; ATOMISING APPARATUS; NOZZLES
    • B05B7/00Spraying apparatus for discharge of liquids or other fluent materials from two or more sources, e.g. of liquid and air, of powder and gas
    • B05B7/02Spray pistols; Apparatus for discharge
    • B05B7/12Spray pistols; Apparatus for discharge designed to control volume of flow, e.g. with adjustable passages

Description

April 3, 1956 A. HARDER 2,740,670

SPRAY GUNS Filed Dec. 22, 1952 2 Sheets-Sheet l PAINT 1 7a 4a 5a A it 1% J yen/0r jz ymse Harder 5 Z Jam 2 304% JZ/arneys April 1956 A. HARDER 2,740,670

SPRAY GUNS Filed Dec. 22, 1952 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 2 i4 1 75a 1 4C 75 73 3/ 73a J venzor Jaye! jzarder [fa 07' ya The invention relates to improvements in spray guns and is particularly directed to a novel construction of a spray hcad'for a spiray'guu.

It is an. object of the invention to provide a spray head producing a circular spray with, additional air passages adapted to convert the circular spray ijnto'a flat spray and to provide for this purposea very simple control disc 7 for controlling the amount oi additional, air which converts the circular spray into the desired fiat. spray.

Another object oi the invention is to provide a spray liead'producing a circular spray with means adapted to convert the circular splay g adually and continuously into a fiat spray.

Still another object of the invention is to provide a spray head producing a circular spray with, a control disc adapted to be rotatafily adjusted about the axis of the main spray nozzle and to cgpverthy means of additional air the circular spray selectively into a vertically positioned fiat spray and into a horizontally positioned fla pray- Th se nd other objects of the. invention which will appear hereinafter, are accomplisbcd. by the simple and practical and inexpensive construction and arrangement of parts hereinafter describedand illustrated in the accompanying drawing- The drawing illusttjates by way of example two embodiments of the invention:

Fig. 1 is a longitudinal sectional view of the spray head of one embodiment. 7

Fig. 2 is an elevation view of the perforated disc and shows also the rnt'aeabl'y adjustable control disc arranged in the near thereof.

31's aslongitudinal sectional vicw of the spray head of the second embodiment.

Fig. 4 is a front: clevafim the control ring of the second, embodiment.

Eig- 5 sajear elevation low of grooved ringfor varying the cross-sectional area of the additional air passages, and

Fig. 6 is a rear elevation view of the part of the spray head producing a fiat spray.

Referring to the drawing, the head part 1 of the spray head is constructed and arranged to produce a flat spray of the circular spray issuing from the central part 6 of the spray head. The part 1 is provided with two diametrically opposed passages 1a and 1b for additional air which produces a horizontally directed flat spray. The part 1 is also provided with two other diametrically opposed passages, which are not illustrated in the drawing but which are arranged 90 offset from the passages 1a and lb and are adapted to selectively discharge additional air, producing a vertically directed flat spray. All these passages communicate rearwardly with arc-shaped groove-like passages la, 1b, 1a" and lb" illustrated in Fig. 2 as being positioned in front of the perforated disc 2 and arranged in the rear face of the head part 1.

The perforated disc 2 is arranged stationary in rear of the head part 1 and is provided within the range of 2,740,670 Batented Am. 3., 19,55

the arc-shaped grooves 10,, 1b, 1a" and lb" with two concentrically arranged rows of holes 2a, 2b, 2a" and 2b". These rows of holes are arranged in pairs in such a manner that the holes of the four rows of holes 2111215., in" and 2b" are positioned in pairs radially opposite each other. The holes in the outer circle are adapted to communicate with the arc-shaped grooves. 1a, lb, 1a" and 1b", which in turn communicate with the passages in and 11;, respectively, as shownigl ig. 1, while the coordinated holes in the inner circle communicate with the air chamber 3 in the spray head body 4. V

In the rear of the perforated disc, 2 is arranged. a rotatably adjustable control disc 5 provided with two diametrically opposed radially extending recesses 5a and 5b (Figs. 1 and, 2). In the position'of the control; disc 5 shown in Fig. 2, the rows of holes 2a, 2b, Za audZ'Ii" are covered in the rear by the non-recessed portion of the control disc 5-, so that the compressed air entering the spray head at 4a and filling the chamber 3 cannot reach the. passages la and 11), because the arc-shaped grooves 1a, 1b, 1a" and 1b" are closed off. If, however, the control disc 5 is rotated anti-clockwise in the direction of the arrow 5 (Fig. 2) so that any pair of radially opposed holes 2c and 21), respec y, are connected with each other by the radial recesses and 5b, then compressed air passes from the chamber 3 through the inner holes and the recesses 5a, Sb into the outer holesand from here into the grooves 1a and 1b and from, the latter into the passages 1a and 1b.

The paint to he converted into a: spray is admitted to the spray head 4 by the branch passage 43.

The sizes of the'holes become greater, thetarther the control disc 5 is rotated anti-clockwise and, therefore, it isapparent that the amount of compressed air discharged by the passages 1a and 1!: becomes larger the. farther the disc Sis rotated anti-clockwisc. In this manner a horizontally flattened spray is produced. If the control disc 5 is rotatably adjusted in clockwisfl d r ction so that the radial recesses 5a and 5b communicate with themows. of holes 2a" and 2b then a vertically flattened spray is produced.

Preferably, the control disc 5 is provided with ratchet means, which insures that the disc 5, may he resiliently but positively arrested in each of a. number of positions corresponding to each pair of radially opposed holes. The disc 5 may also be provided with a stop, so that in ice ' case of an alternate adjustment from a flat spray to, a

circular spray or from a horizontal fiatspray to a vertical flat spray or vice versa, the do; 31 adjustment of he disc 5 may take place uickly and correspond. to the par,- ticular nozzle employed in the spray gun.

In the embodiment shownin Figs. 1 and 2,. the perforated disc 2 is fixedly secured to the part I and only the control disc 5 is rotatable. It is, however, also possible to make the perforated disc 2 rotatable in which case the control disc 5 is mounted fixedly.

The air head 6, which produces a circular spray, is arranged to be readily exchangeable, when it is desired to change the size of the nozzle. It is not necessary to remove the head part I when only the air head 6 is to be exchanged.

The Figs. 3 to 6, inclusive, illustrate another embodimerit of the invention in which the cross-sectional area of the apertures in the apcrtured disc during the rotation of a control ring is changed gradually and continuously so as to produce a gradual change of the amount of air discharged by the additional air passages. The center member 10 of the spray gun is provided with a spray head 12 for producing a circular spray and also is provided with an annular spray head 13 for converting the circular spray into a hat spray. The annular spray head 13 is provided with two pairs of nozzles 13:: and 136 an ranged at right angles to each other. These nozzles have passages 13a and 13b for the discharge of air jets which flatten the circular spray containing the paint. The aperture in the control ring 14 has mounted therein a yieldable sheet metal ring 14a whose inner circumference extends into an annular groove in the center member 10 and engages therein a washer 14a, so that during the rotation of the disc 14, an excessive wear of the gun member 10, which may consist of brass, is prevented. The control ring 14 is formed with a chamber 14b which communicates with two diametrically opposed holes 140.

When the ring 14 is rotated, the two holes 141; are moved past arc-shaped slots 15a, 15b and 15c, 15d, respectively, arranged in a stationary disc 15, which also is provided with holes 15c connecting the air chamber 14b in the ring 14 with an annular chamber L2 in the spray head 12. The slots 15a and 15b are formed so as to become gradually wider and deeper in the form of a scythe in counter-clockwise direction, while the slots 15c and 15d are similarly shaped, but in clockwise direction.

The Widest and deepest ends of these slots communicate with holes 15a, 15b and 15c and 15d in the disc 15.

In the rear of the disc 15 (Fig. 5) is arranged the spray head 13 (Figs. 3 and 6) which is provided with arcshaped slots 13, 13", 13'" and 13", arranged in cornmunication with the holes 15a, 15b, 15c and 15d. The slots 13', 13'', 13' and 13"" are in communication at one of their ends with the passages 13a and 13!) as shown in Fig. 3 and establish a connection between the latter and the arc-shaped slots 15a, 15b, 15c and 15d.

The compressed air enters the center member 10 at L and passes into an annular space L1 of the circular spray head 12 and at the same time enters the annular chamber L2 and the holes 15c of the disc 15 to enter the air chamber 14b in the control ring 14, When the control ring 14 is rotated so that its two holes 14c come to lie in the space between the slots 15a and 15d or between the slots 15c and 15b, as shown at 140' in Fig. 5, the holes are covered by the solid portions of the disc 15 and no compressed air can enter the anular spray head 13. If, however, the control ring 14 is rotated counter-clock- Wise in the direction of the arrow R, (Fig. 5) then the holes 140 communicate with the scythe-shaped slots 15a and 15b until they reach the ends of the slots 15a and 15b in which position the entire cross section of the slots is available for the passage of compressed air so that the largest amount of air passes through the slots 13', 13" (Fig. 6) and into the passages 13a of the annular spray head 13, thereby horizontally flattening the circular spray of paint issuing from the center portion of a the spray head 12.

When the control ring 14 is rotated clockwise (Fig. 5) in the direction of the arrow R2, the just described function is repeated in connection with the other pair of reversely arranged scythe-shaped slots 15c and 15d, so that 5 the two passages 13b of the annular spray head 13 are provided continuously and gradually with more or less compressed air for producing a more or less flattened vertical paint spray.

What I claim is:

i. A spray head for a spray gun including a central part provided with means for producing a circular spray, a head part supported by said central part and provided with two pairs of diametrically opposed passages arranged in planes at right angles to each other each pair of said passages being adapted to discharge compressed air toward the circular spray produced by said central part and to convert said circular spray selectively into two flat sprays in planes at right angles to each other, means forming a compressed air chamber in said central part, and means including a rotatably adjustable control member arranged in cooperative relation with said head part for conducting variable amounts of compressed air from said air chamber into each pair of said diametrically opposed passages.

2. A spray head for a spray gun including a central part provided with means for producing a circular spray, a head part supported by said central part and provided with two pairs of diametrically opposed passages arranged in planes at right angles to each other, each pair of said passages being adapted to discharge compressed air toward the circular spray produced by said central part and to convert said circular spray selectively into two fiat sprays in planes at right angles to each other, means forming a compressed air chamber in said central part, a disc provided with four arc-shaped apertures extending concentrically about the axis of the spray head, said apertures have the form of a scythe and being wide and deep at one end and terminating in a point at the other end, and a rotatable adjustable control ring adjacent said disc and having a chamber, holes in said disc connecting said chamber with said compressed air chamber, and two diametrically opposed holes in said control ring adapted to connect said chamber with said arc-shaped apertures in said disc, said control ring during its rotation moving with said two diametrically opposed holes into registration with two of said arc-shaped apertures at a time, thereby effecting a continuous and gradual change in the amount of compressed air flowing selectively through one of said two pairs of diametrically opposed passages in said head part.

References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 1,608,833 Birkenmaier Nov. 30, 1926 1,758,124 Mueller May 13, 1930 FOREIGN PATENTS 313,122 Great Britain Aug. 14, 1930 425,382 Great Britain Mar. 13, 1935 746,214 France Mar. 7, 1933

US327261A 1951-12-29 1952-12-22 Spray guns Expired - Lifetime US2740670A (en)

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Cited By (27)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2895685A (en) * 1956-02-29 1959-07-21 Vilbiss Co Spray nozzle
US4531675A (en) * 1983-10-25 1985-07-30 Accuspray, Inc. Spray nozzle
US4569311A (en) * 1981-09-24 1986-02-11 Combustion Engineering, Inc. Method of firing a pulverized coal-fired furnace
US4848665A (en) * 1988-01-29 1989-07-18 Graves Spray Supply Co., Inc. Compact spray gun
US4891249A (en) * 1987-05-26 1990-01-02 Acumeter Laboratories, Inc. Method of and apparatus for somewhat-to-highly viscous fluid spraying for fiber or filament generation, controlled droplet generation, and combinations of fiber and droplet generation, intermittent and continuous, and for air-controlling spray deposition
US4905905A (en) * 1987-09-28 1990-03-06 Accuspray, Inc. Paint spray nozzle
US4911365A (en) * 1989-01-26 1990-03-27 James E. Hynds Spray gun having a fanning air turbine mechanism
US4915303A (en) * 1987-09-28 1990-04-10 Accuspray, Inc. Paint spray gun
US4925104A (en) * 1988-01-29 1990-05-15 Graves Spray Supply, Inc. Compact spray gun
EP0377774A2 (en) * 1989-01-09 1990-07-18 AccuSpray, Inc. Improved paint spray nozzle
US4948048A (en) * 1988-01-29 1990-08-14 Graves Spray Supply, Inc. Compact spray gun
US4993642A (en) * 1987-09-28 1991-02-19 Accuspray, Inc. Paint spray gun
WO1991012088A1 (en) * 1990-02-15 1991-08-22 Nordson Corporation Deflection control of liquid stream during dispensing
EP0451868A2 (en) * 1990-04-13 1991-10-16 The Nisshin Oil Mills, Ltd. Shower bathing device
US5067515A (en) * 1988-01-29 1991-11-26 Graves Spray Supply, Inc. Compact spray gun
US5085370A (en) * 1988-01-29 1992-02-04 Graves Spray Supply, Incorporated Compact spray gun
US5090623A (en) * 1990-12-06 1992-02-25 Ransburg Corporation Paint spray gun
US5102051A (en) * 1988-02-01 1992-04-07 Itw Limited Spray gun
US5178330A (en) * 1991-05-17 1993-01-12 Ransburg Corporation Electrostatic high voltage, low pressure paint spray gun
US5279461A (en) * 1991-09-03 1994-01-18 Apollo Sprayers International, Inc. Spray gun
USRE34608E (en) * 1987-09-28 1994-05-17 Accuspray, Inc. Paint spray gun
US5800867A (en) * 1992-08-13 1998-09-01 Nordson Corporation Deflection control of liquid or powder stream during dispensing
US6068203A (en) * 1999-02-04 2000-05-30 Campbell Hausfeld/Scott Fetzer Company Selective venting sprayer
US6135365A (en) * 1998-05-29 2000-10-24 Kako Zoki Co., Ltd Air spray gun type coating device
US20100123020A1 (en) * 2008-11-19 2010-05-20 J. Wagner Gmbh Paint spray gun with paint jet deflection
US20130026249A1 (en) * 2009-02-26 2013-01-31 Earlex Limited Spray Gun
JP2014042903A (en) * 2012-08-29 2014-03-13 Meiji Kikai Seisakusho:Kk Spray gun

Cited By (32)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2895685A (en) * 1956-02-29 1959-07-21 Vilbiss Co Spray nozzle
US4569311A (en) * 1981-09-24 1986-02-11 Combustion Engineering, Inc. Method of firing a pulverized coal-fired furnace
US4531675A (en) * 1983-10-25 1985-07-30 Accuspray, Inc. Spray nozzle
US4891249A (en) * 1987-05-26 1990-01-02 Acumeter Laboratories, Inc. Method of and apparatus for somewhat-to-highly viscous fluid spraying for fiber or filament generation, controlled droplet generation, and combinations of fiber and droplet generation, intermittent and continuous, and for air-controlling spray deposition
US4948053A (en) * 1987-09-28 1990-08-14 Accuspray, Inc. Paint spray nozzle
US4905905A (en) * 1987-09-28 1990-03-06 Accuspray, Inc. Paint spray nozzle
US4915303A (en) * 1987-09-28 1990-04-10 Accuspray, Inc. Paint spray gun
USRE34608E (en) * 1987-09-28 1994-05-17 Accuspray, Inc. Paint spray gun
US4993642A (en) * 1987-09-28 1991-02-19 Accuspray, Inc. Paint spray gun
US4925104A (en) * 1988-01-29 1990-05-15 Graves Spray Supply, Inc. Compact spray gun
US5085370A (en) * 1988-01-29 1992-02-04 Graves Spray Supply, Incorporated Compact spray gun
US4848665A (en) * 1988-01-29 1989-07-18 Graves Spray Supply Co., Inc. Compact spray gun
US4948048A (en) * 1988-01-29 1990-08-14 Graves Spray Supply, Inc. Compact spray gun
US5067515A (en) * 1988-01-29 1991-11-26 Graves Spray Supply, Inc. Compact spray gun
US5102051A (en) * 1988-02-01 1992-04-07 Itw Limited Spray gun
EP0377774A3 (en) * 1989-01-09 1990-10-10 AccuSpray, Inc. Improved paint spray nozzle
EP0377774A2 (en) * 1989-01-09 1990-07-18 AccuSpray, Inc. Improved paint spray nozzle
US4911365A (en) * 1989-01-26 1990-03-27 James E. Hynds Spray gun having a fanning air turbine mechanism
WO1991012088A1 (en) * 1990-02-15 1991-08-22 Nordson Corporation Deflection control of liquid stream during dispensing
EP0451868A2 (en) * 1990-04-13 1991-10-16 The Nisshin Oil Mills, Ltd. Shower bathing device
EP0451868A3 (en) * 1990-04-13 1992-01-02 The Nisshin Oil Mills, Ltd. Shower bathing device
US5305476A (en) * 1990-04-13 1994-04-26 The Nisshin Oil Mills, Ltd. Shower bathing device
US5090623A (en) * 1990-12-06 1992-02-25 Ransburg Corporation Paint spray gun
US5178330A (en) * 1991-05-17 1993-01-12 Ransburg Corporation Electrostatic high voltage, low pressure paint spray gun
US5279461A (en) * 1991-09-03 1994-01-18 Apollo Sprayers International, Inc. Spray gun
US5800867A (en) * 1992-08-13 1998-09-01 Nordson Corporation Deflection control of liquid or powder stream during dispensing
US6135365A (en) * 1998-05-29 2000-10-24 Kako Zoki Co., Ltd Air spray gun type coating device
US6068203A (en) * 1999-02-04 2000-05-30 Campbell Hausfeld/Scott Fetzer Company Selective venting sprayer
US20100123020A1 (en) * 2008-11-19 2010-05-20 J. Wagner Gmbh Paint spray gun with paint jet deflection
US20130026249A1 (en) * 2009-02-26 2013-01-31 Earlex Limited Spray Gun
US8590810B2 (en) * 2009-02-26 2013-11-26 Sarah Jane Woodgate Spray gun
JP2014042903A (en) * 2012-08-29 2014-03-13 Meiji Kikai Seisakusho:Kk Spray gun

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