US27289A - Island - Google Patents

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US27289A
US27289A US27289DA US27289A US 27289 A US27289 A US 27289A US 27289D A US27289D A US 27289DA US 27289 A US27289 A US 27289A
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barrel
plate
plates
box
cylinder
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B21MECHANICAL METAL-WORKING WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL; PUNCHING METAL
    • B21GMAKING NEEDLES, PINS OR NAILS OF METAL
    • B21G3/00Making pins, nails, or the like
    • B21G3/32Feeding material to be worked to nail or pin making machines

Description

inclined box B, which conta-ins the pile of UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE.

J. W. HOARD AND THOMAS A. SEARLE, OF PROVIDENCE, RHODE ISLAND.

NAIL-PLATE FEEDER.

Specification of Letters Patent No.

To all 'who/m it may concern:

Be it known that we, J. W. I-IoARD and THOMAS A. SEARLE, of the city of Providence and county of Providence and State of Rhode Island, have invented a new and useful Improvement in Nail-Plate Feeders; and we do hereby declare that the following is a full, clear, and exact description of the same, reference being had to the accompany ing drawings, forming part of this specification, in which- Figure l is a` longitudinal vert-ical section of a feeder with our improvements. Fig. 2 is a plan of the same. Fig. 3 is a transverse section of the same in the line of Fig. 1.V Fig. t is a transverse section of the same in the line 1, y, of Fig. l. Fig. 5 is a central section of one of the feed rollers and its driving ratchets.

Similar letters of reference indicate corresponding parts in the several figures.

Our invention consists in a certain arrangement in combination with a conductor for conveying the nail plates toward the cutter, of a box for containing a pile of plates, and in certain means of discharging the lowest plate of such pile from the said box into the said conductor as often as is necessary.

It also consists in a novel const-ruction of and mode of applying a conductor, through which the plates are conveyed toward the cutter, and in certain improved mechanism for moving the plates toward the cutter, and turning them between the successive operations of the cutter.

To enable those skilled in the art to make and use our invention we will proceed to describe its construction and operation.

A is a stationary framing supporting the plates represented in blue color; and conn taining bearings for the horizontal driving shaft C, for the inclined shaft D, by which the mechanism for discharging the plates from t-he box B is operated, and for the trunnions a; a of a hollow cylinder E, to which is fitted the inclined barrel F, which constitutes the principal portion of the conductor through which the plates are conveyed to the cutters.

The barrel F has its interior of circular form at the upper end and of funnel shape, but gradually assuming toward the lower end the form of the transverse section of the plates. The said barrel is arranged with its 27,289, dated February 28, 1860.

upper end near the lower end of the box B, and with its axis parallel with the sides of but in a plane at some distance in a lateral direction from the box as shown in Fig. 2. Above the barrel F, or principal conductor there is arranged beside but just below the box B, an open inclined trough G, which may be termed the auxiliary conductor into which the plates are received one at a time from the said box to be conveyed by gravitation into the barrel F. The said trough G, is attached at its upper end by a hinge or pin joint b to the bottom of the box B, and its lower end rests within the mouth of the barrel F. The lower plate of the pile in the box B is pushed out into the trough Gr, as often as it becomes necessary to keep up the supply of plates to the feeding apparatus, through an opening c (see Fig. 4f) in the side of and close to the bottom of the said box, by means of two pieces (Z d which are attached to the top of a swinging frame H, the bottom of which is hinged at L- 71y to the stationary framing A, the said p pins working through suitable openings in the bottom of the box and being suitably arranged to catch the edge of the lowest'plate, but to touch no other plate of the pile, and the said frame H, being acted upon to cause the pin to push out the plate by a cam J, on the sha-ft D, the manner of whose operation will be presently described and the said frame being pushed back again to bring the pins Z d into a position to take the next plate by means of a spring K, attached to the stationary framing. The said springs d l are beveled on one side and supported by a spring g which allows them to slip down out of the way of the plato in the back movement of the frame H.

To the lower end of the barrel F, there is attached the pair of tongs L, L, which hold the plate which is under operation and present it properly to the cutters, and a pair of feed rollers M M, which feed the plates to the cutter, such tongs and feed rollers being properly arranged relatively to the flat lower portion of the interior of the barrel F, to receive the plates therefrom. The feed rollers are attached to the cylinder by elastic arms a u which contain their bearings, the elasticity of the arms serving to allow the rollers to yield to any inequality in the thickness of the plates. On the exterior of the barrel there is a spur wheel or toothed sector N, which gears with a toothed sect-or O, of

greater radius, which is arranged to oscillate upon a fixed pin t', and which derives an 1ntermittent oscillating movement from a grooved cam l), on the driving shaft C. The said sector O, by its action on the wheel or sector N, is caused to impart to the barrel, the necessary movement on its axis within the cylinder E, to turn the plate over between the successive operations of the cutter, and it is by this movement of the barrel that its other movements, viz: a longitudinal movement within the cylinder E to draw the plate back out of the way, of the cutter as it turns, and a swinging or lever-like movement with the cylinder E on the trunnions a a to raise the plate for the purpose of allowing it to turn freely and letting it fall again on the die before the operation of the cutter is produced.

The above mentioned longitudinal movement within the cylinder is produced by the action of a groove c in the periphery of a cam Q which is fast on the barrel, upon a pin y', which is secured rigidly to the cylin der. The movement of the barrel and cylinder onwthe trulmions a a is produced by the action of a groove Z in the upper end of the cam on a pin n that is secured rigidly to or forms part of a lever-like bar R, which is attached to the framing A, by a fulcrum pin 0. The pin n is confined in the groove of the cam notwithstanding the longitudinal movement of the cylinder by a spring p which presses upon the bar R. It may be well here to remark that it is only on account of the longitudinal movement of the cylinder that the pin a, is attached to the lever R, and not made absolutely stationary.

The movement of the feed rollers is produced by the longitudinal movement of the barrel in the following manner: On each side of each feed roller there is provided a circular ratchet, and to the two ratchets of each roller are applied two spring pawls g g arranged in the form of a fork and attached to the lower end of two rods S, S, which are fitted to slide longitudinally to the barrel in guides providedon or in the barrel. These rods have heads s, s, which occupy positions between the lower end of the cylinder E and the upper face of a ring T, which is attached by lugs t t and screws r r to the cylinder. As the barrel is moved longitudinally in a backward or upward direction to draw back the plate from the cutter, the rods S, S, have their heads drawn back into contact with the end of the cylinder, and the rods, and pawls are so caused to be arrested, and the pawls, by the continued movement of the barrel which carries the rollers with it, are caused to slip over the ratchet teeth; but as the bar rel moves forward again, the heads s s of the rods S, S, are brought into contactwith the ring T, and the rods and pawls are arrested while the barrel continues to move forward carrying along with it the feed rollers and the ratchets, and the latter being held by the pawls, are caused to turn and move the rollers in a direction to feed the plate.

In feeding the plate, it has always to be brought up to a stop gage that the nails may be cut of proper width and in order to compensate for any irregularity in the size of the teeth of the ratchet, which would tend to give too great a feed movement and so press the plate against the gage and strain some part of the feed apparatus if it were too positive in its action, we make the two ratchets of each feed roller M, on two separate wheels U, U, as shown in Fig. 5, and make the said wheels with conical faces o o to fit to conical recesses in the sides of the rollers, and produce sufficient friction between the ratchet wheels and the rollers to make the latter feed the nail plate by means of coiled springs w, w, applied outside of the ratchet wheels, around the spindle V, to which each roller, and ratchet wheels are fitted. The pressure of these springs is adjusted to produce the requisite friction by nuts c .a fitted to screw threads on the spindle. By this method of driving the feed rollers, they are enabled to stop when the plate arrives at the stop gage, notwithstanding that the movement of the ratchet wheels may continue. The journals of the feed rollers, may consist of the hubs of the latcliet wheels or the extremities of the spin- The shaft D, of the cam J, by which the discharge of the plates, from the boX B, is effected, has its movements produced by the following means: The said shaft is made in two pieces, of which one is fitted into the other as into a sleeve, the one having rigidly attached to it, the cam J, and a ratchet wheel 1V, and the other having rigidly attached to it, arms Y andX, the latter arm carrying a pawl 6, arranged to engage with the said ratchet wheel, and the former arm, being arranged opposite to a recess y shown in Fig. 3 which is formed in the lower part of one side of the cylinder F, and which is of such depth as to meet the central passage of said cylinder, that the nail plates in passing through that part of the said passage may project into the said recess as shown in Fig. 3. The recessed portion of the barrel constitutes a cam by whose action on the arm Y, the portion of the shaft D to which the said arm is attached is caused to move the arm X, in a direction for its pawl to turn the ratchet wheel WV. The said arm Y, is pressed toward the so formed cam by a spring Z, that is coiled around the part of the shaft D to which the said arm is attached, and this spring serves to carry the pawl 6 over the teeth of the ratchet wheel. The arm Y, is prevented falling into the recess y,

while a plate is passing through the recessed portion of the barrel, for the said arm rests on the edge of the plate while the recess is toward it, and hence the operation of the pawl C on the ratchet wheel does not take place till the rearl end of the plate which is in the tongs is fed past the recess 7,`and the arm Y, is permitted to fall into the recess,

when the cam like operation of the recessed portion of the barrel on the said arm commences, and a. few revolutions of the barrel are suicient to give the shaft D, a suicient portion of a revolution to make the cam J, by its action on the frame I-I, force out the lowest plate of the pile from the box B, into the trough G, along which the said plate immediately slides by gravitation into the barrel F, down which it passes till its lower end comes in contact with the upper end of the plate that is held by the tongs and feed roller, and from which the nails are being cut. The new plate now projects into the recess 7, of the cylinder and so prevents for the present any further action of the shaft D, but it is caused by gravitation to follow up closely the plate under operation in advance of it, and to be seized by the feed rollers, as they give up that plate and then serves the purpose by its being pushed against that plate of continuing to feed it forward through the tongs, in the same manner as though it were still held by the rollers until thatl plate is all cut up, and it takes the place of said plate in the tongs and is itself subjected to the operation of the cutters. In this way the plates follow each other down the trough, conductor or barrel F, a new one being supplied from the box B, as soon as the rear end of the one under operation passes the recess 7, in the barrel.

In the machine represented the bearings of the cylinder trunnions, are represented as fixed but, we propose generally to arrange the said bearings in a swivel having a vertical axis, for the purpose of enabling the nail plates to be adjusted against a side gage in suitable proxilnity to the cutter.

lVhat we claim as our invention and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is:

1. The employment in 'combination with an apparatus for conveying and feeding the plates toward the cutters, of a box containing a pile of plates the lower one of which is by an automatic action discharged sidewise from the box and delivered to the feeding apparatus in a direction, transverse to the feed movement as often as a new plate is required.

2. The arrangement of the feeding apparatus or that portion of it which holds the plate and moves it forward, to swing upward and downward on trunnions or with a lever like movement substantially as herein described.

3. The barrel or conductor F, having attached t-he tongs and feed rollers, and furnished with a toothed wheel or sector N, through which it receives a movement back and forth on its axis and a cam Q through which it receives a longitudinal movement back and forth as herein described.

4. The arrangement of the sector O, and cam P, in combination with the wheel or sector N, on the barrel substantially as herein described.

5. The combination with the eccentric groove Z in the cam Q of a lever like bar R furnished with a pin or projection n and having applied to it a spring p substantially as herein described.

6. In combination with feed rollers applied as described and furnished with ratchets, we claim the pawls, g, Q, headed rods S, and ring z5, applied in relation to the barrel or conductor F, and the cylinder E, or bearing of said barrel or conductor to operate the rollers substantially as herein described.

7. Controlling the action of the cam shaft D, by which the plates are discharged from the box B, by the action of the plates passing through a recess 7, in the barrel or conductor E, substantially as herein described,

J. IV. HOARD. THOMAS A. SEARLE.

lVitnesses ALBERT M. I-IEWITT, HENRY MARTIN.

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Cited By (20)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3725760A (en) * 1969-03-10 1973-04-03 Bendix Corp Automatic plotter utilizing a coordinate grid device
US3735231A (en) * 1971-06-28 1973-05-22 B Sawyer Linear magnetic drive system
US3832610A (en) * 1972-09-08 1974-08-27 Fujitsu Ltd Pulse operated surface motor
US3851196A (en) * 1971-09-08 1974-11-26 Xynetics Inc Plural axis linear motor structure
US4506205A (en) * 1983-06-10 1985-03-19 The Perkin-Elmer Corporation Electro-magnetic alignment apparatus
US4506204A (en) * 1983-06-10 1985-03-19 The Perkin-Elmer Corporation Electro-magnetic apparatus
US4507597A (en) * 1983-06-10 1985-03-26 The Perkin-Elmer Corporation Electro-magnetic alignment assemblies
US4509002A (en) * 1983-12-20 1985-04-02 International Business Machines Corporation Precision X-Y positioner
US4514674A (en) * 1983-12-22 1985-04-30 International Business Machines Corporation Electromagnetic X-Y-Theta precision positioner
US4654571A (en) * 1985-09-16 1987-03-31 Hinds Walter E Single plane orthogonally movable drive system
US4714849A (en) * 1985-02-09 1987-12-22 Amada Company, Limited Linear stepping motor
US4719381A (en) * 1985-08-21 1988-01-12 The Curators Of The University Of Missouri Electrical machines and apparatus for rotation around multiple axes
US4835424A (en) * 1987-03-23 1989-05-30 Megamation Incorporated Platen laminated in mutually perpendicular direction for use with linear motors and the like
US4952858A (en) * 1988-05-18 1990-08-28 Galburt Daniel N Microlithographic apparatus
US5942871A (en) * 1994-04-01 1999-08-24 Nikon Corporation Double flexure support for stage drive coil
US5996437A (en) * 1994-10-19 1999-12-07 Nikon Corporation Precision motion stage with single guide beam and follower stage
US6008500A (en) * 1995-04-04 1999-12-28 Nikon Corporation Exposure apparatus having dynamically isolated reaction frame
US6020710A (en) * 1995-04-04 2000-02-01 Nikon Corporation Exposure method, and method of making exposure apparatus having dynamically isolated reaction frame
US6147421A (en) * 1998-11-16 2000-11-14 Nikon Corporation Platform positionable in at least three degrees of freedom by interaction with coils
US20030184254A1 (en) * 1994-06-27 2003-10-02 Nikon Corporation Electromagnetic alignment and scanning apparatus

Cited By (27)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3725760A (en) * 1969-03-10 1973-04-03 Bendix Corp Automatic plotter utilizing a coordinate grid device
US3735231A (en) * 1971-06-28 1973-05-22 B Sawyer Linear magnetic drive system
US3851196A (en) * 1971-09-08 1974-11-26 Xynetics Inc Plural axis linear motor structure
US3832610A (en) * 1972-09-08 1974-08-27 Fujitsu Ltd Pulse operated surface motor
US4506205A (en) * 1983-06-10 1985-03-19 The Perkin-Elmer Corporation Electro-magnetic alignment apparatus
US4506204A (en) * 1983-06-10 1985-03-19 The Perkin-Elmer Corporation Electro-magnetic apparatus
US4507597A (en) * 1983-06-10 1985-03-26 The Perkin-Elmer Corporation Electro-magnetic alignment assemblies
US4509002A (en) * 1983-12-20 1985-04-02 International Business Machines Corporation Precision X-Y positioner
US4514674A (en) * 1983-12-22 1985-04-30 International Business Machines Corporation Electromagnetic X-Y-Theta precision positioner
US4714849A (en) * 1985-02-09 1987-12-22 Amada Company, Limited Linear stepping motor
US4719381A (en) * 1985-08-21 1988-01-12 The Curators Of The University Of Missouri Electrical machines and apparatus for rotation around multiple axes
US4654571A (en) * 1985-09-16 1987-03-31 Hinds Walter E Single plane orthogonally movable drive system
US4835424A (en) * 1987-03-23 1989-05-30 Megamation Incorporated Platen laminated in mutually perpendicular direction for use with linear motors and the like
US4952858A (en) * 1988-05-18 1990-08-28 Galburt Daniel N Microlithographic apparatus
US6049186A (en) * 1994-04-01 2000-04-11 Nikon Corporation Method for making and operating an exposure apparatus having a reaction frame
US5982128A (en) * 1994-04-01 1999-11-09 Nikon Corporation Lithography apparatus with movable stage and mechanical isolation of stage drive
US5942871A (en) * 1994-04-01 1999-08-24 Nikon Corporation Double flexure support for stage drive coil
US20030184254A1 (en) * 1994-06-27 2003-10-02 Nikon Corporation Electromagnetic alignment and scanning apparatus
US20050083006A1 (en) * 1994-06-27 2005-04-21 Nikon Corporation Electromagnetic alignment and scanning apparatus
US5996437A (en) * 1994-10-19 1999-12-07 Nikon Corporation Precision motion stage with single guide beam and follower stage
US6020710A (en) * 1995-04-04 2000-02-01 Nikon Corporation Exposure method, and method of making exposure apparatus having dynamically isolated reaction frame
US6008500A (en) * 1995-04-04 1999-12-28 Nikon Corporation Exposure apparatus having dynamically isolated reaction frame
US6151105A (en) * 1995-04-04 2000-11-21 Nikon Corporation Exposure apparatus having dynamically isolated support structure
US6150787A (en) * 1995-04-04 2000-11-21 Nikon Corporation Exposure apparatus having dynamically isolated reaction frame
US20040095085A1 (en) * 1995-04-04 2004-05-20 Nikon Corporation Window frame-guided stage mechanism
US6087797A (en) * 1995-04-04 2000-07-11 Nikon Corporation Exposure method, and method of making exposure apparatus having dynamically isolated reaction frame
US6147421A (en) * 1998-11-16 2000-11-14 Nikon Corporation Platform positionable in at least three degrees of freedom by interaction with coils

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