US2723200A - Method for packaging viscous food preparations - Google Patents

Method for packaging viscous food preparations Download PDF

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Publication number
US2723200A
US2723200A US194588A US19458850A US2723200A US 2723200 A US2723200 A US 2723200A US 194588 A US194588 A US 194588A US 19458850 A US19458850 A US 19458850A US 2723200 A US2723200 A US 2723200A
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method
gas
container
food preparations
pressure
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US194588A
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Pyenson Harry
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Dev Res Inc
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Dev Res Inc
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65DCONTAINERS FOR STORAGE OR TRANSPORT OF ARTICLES OR MATERIALS, e.g. BAGS, BARRELS, BOTTLES, BOXES, CANS, CARTONS, CRATES, DRUMS, JARS, TANKS, HOPPERS, FORWARDING CONTAINERS; ACCESSORIES, CLOSURES, OR FITTINGS THEREFOR; PACKAGING ELEMENTS; PACKAGES
    • B65D83/00Containers or packages with special means for dispensing contents
    • B65D83/14Containers or packages with special means for dispensing contents for delivery of liquid or semi-liquid contents by internal gaseous pressure, i.e. aerosol containers comprising propellant for a product delivered by a propellant
    • B65D83/38Details of the container body
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65DCONTAINERS FOR STORAGE OR TRANSPORT OF ARTICLES OR MATERIALS, e.g. BAGS, BARRELS, BOTTLES, BOXES, CANS, CARTONS, CRATES, DRUMS, JARS, TANKS, HOPPERS, FORWARDING CONTAINERS; ACCESSORIES, CLOSURES, OR FITTINGS THEREFOR; PACKAGING ELEMENTS; PACKAGES
    • B65D83/00Containers or packages with special means for dispensing contents
    • B65D83/14Containers or packages with special means for dispensing contents for delivery of liquid or semi-liquid contents by internal gaseous pressure, i.e. aerosol containers comprising propellant for a product delivered by a propellant
    • B65D83/75Aerosol containers not provided for in groups B65D83/16 - B65D83/74
    • B65D83/752Aerosol containers not provided for in groups B65D83/16 - B65D83/74 characterised by the use of specific products or propellants

Description

Nov. 8, 1955 H. PYENSON 2,723,200

METHOD FOR PACKAGING VISCOUS FOOD PREPARATIONS Filed Nov. 8, 1950 I, r /4 L I 1 l /f INVENTOR. I BFIARRY PYENSON (L-M (J/M40 ATM/9166K United States Patent METHOD FOR PACKAGING VISCOUS FOOD PREPARATIONS Application November 8, 1950, Serial No. 194,588

1 Claim. (Cl. 99-171) This invention relates in general to certain new and useful improvements in a method for packaging viscous food preparations for facilitating the dispensing thereof.

Heretofore, food preparations of relative high viscosity, such as mayonnaise, chili sauce, syrups, and the like, have been customarily packaged within glass jars, long-necked glass bottles, and tin cans. With such food items packaged in cans and jars, the user often resorts to a spoon or similar implement for assisting the flow of the material therefrom, whereas with long-necked bottles, such as in the case of catsup, the user must strike the base of the bottle rather forcibly to effect flow of the food preparation. In addition to the inherent difficulty in the dispensing of such food preparations there is ordinarily a dehydrating effect whereby a surface crust will, in many cases, form so that in the discharge of the contents the force applied to rupture the crust is usually of such proportion as to cause, upon breaking of the crust, the material to flow out at a rate greater than that desired. I

Therefore, the primary object of the present invention is to provide a method for assuring steady and controllable flow of viscous food preparations which encompasses subjection of such preparation to a gas at a pressure greatly in excess of the atmospheric pressure.

It is a further object of the present invention to provide a method of the character stated wherein the foodpropelling gas will not interreact with the food preparation, either chemically or physically, andhence solely provides a driving or expelling force upon release thereof.

With the above and other objects in view, my invention resides in the novel features of form, construction, arrangement, and combination of parts presently described and pointed out in the claim.

In the accompanying drawing- The figure is a transverse sectional view of a suitable type container for dispensing food preparations in accordance with the method of the present invention.

Referring now by reference characters to the figure, A designates a container having a body portion 1 enclosed by a top member 2 within which is disposed a valve 3 adapted for rocking movement to permit discharge of the container contents through the stern thereof and having associated therewith sealing means 4. The dispensing container A, being of the type shown and fully described in the copending application of Aaron S. Lapin, Serial No. 90,807, filed May 2, 1949, represents generically the type of container most appropriate for the operation of the method herein to be described. As will become more apparent hereinafter, other type valved containers such as those of the siphon type may be used with facility for the practice of the present invention.

In packaging food preparations which are somewhat resistant to flow, such as catsup, chili sauce, mustard, mayonnaise, salad dressings, apple and other fruit butters, boiled icings, chocolate sauce, marshmallow toppings, and related items, the body portion 1 of the container A is filled with a suflicient quantity of the particular foo d preparation, designated b'in' the figure to leave a substantial unfilled area denoted a. The top 2 with the dispensing valve 3 mounted thereon is then spun or otherwise suitably sealed onto the body portion 1. The air in the unfilled portion a is then evacuated therefrom, and an inert'gas, preferably nitrogen, is then fed under considerable pressure through the valve 3 into the evacuated portion a. For the purposes of the present method, a range of pressures may be used which depend, in part, upon the relative viscosity of the food preparation to be dispensed and, in part, upon the ratio of the filled portion 11 of the container A to the unfilled portion a thereof. In practice, it has been found desirable to fill the container A with the food preparations to about sixty percent (60%) capacity. With mustard, catsup, salad dressing, and the like, the pressure of gas in the portion a is preferably one hundred and twenty pounds per square inch whereas with thicker or more viscous preparations, such as chili sauce, chocolate syrup, and the like, a pressure of one hundred and fifty (150) pounds per square inch is requisite to provide a dispensing action comparable in character. It is, of course, apparent that if the container A is filled to less than sixty percent (60%) capacity, the pressure of the gas may be proportionately reduced.

Herein, nitrogen is the preferred gas to be used since 3 it is most economical and possesses the desired characteristics of chemical inertness, lack of odor, and highly limited solubility in Water. Any of the rare gases such as'xenon, kyrpton, argon, and helium might be used but the cost thereof would be prohibitive. Carbon dioxide and nitrous oxide, which have been utilized generally with relation to the aeration or flufi'ing of cream are not suitable since they will react with the container ingredients and dissolve therein, which on expulsion will cause a,

fluffing or aeration and in some instances effect an undesired alteration of flavor.

When the user desires to dispense some of the contents of the container A, the same is inverted whereupon the gas and the food preparation will, in effect, change places so that the gas will continue to be disposed in upper position. Upon actuation of the valve 3, by rocking same, the pressure of the gas will drive the food preparation downwardly through and out the valve 3. It will thus be seen that the gas serves solely as a driving or propelling force of sufficient intensity to expell the food preparation overcoming its inherent resistance to flow in a positive, smooth, and controlled manner. Of particular note is the fact that there is no substantial intermixture between the gas and the food preparation. The food preparation dispensed is not in an aerated or fluffed condition and does not physically hold particles of the gas. The gas thus remains independent and distinct from the food preparation which it acts upon.

As the food preparation is used, the pressure of the gas within the container A will, of course, progressively reduce. However, due to the value of the initial pressure, it will always maintain adequate relative force for discharging the contents of the container A upon release.

The distinction between the method herein taught and that utilized in aerated cream is most obvious. In the latter procedure it is requisite that the gases therein used, which are nitrous oxide and carbon dioxide, be dissolved in the cream prior to release of the gas pressure, and severe agitation is utilized to assist the dissolution of the gas. In the present method there is no dissolution or reaction whatever between the propellent and the food of the. several partsrofathecmethod for packaging viscous food preparations and in the step of its production may be made and substituted for those herein shown and described without departing from the nature and principle of the present invention.

Having thus described ;my invention,.w.hat!I elaimzt-a-nd desire to secure by Letters-Patent is:

The method of protectively wpackaging viscous products to-be dispensed under pressure without aeration, comprising the steps of partially filling'such product into a 10 gas-pressure container having-a valve, evacuating 1th 4 'air'from the unfilled portion of the container, filling'the void with nitrogen gas under pressure, and closing such valve.

References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 34,894 Lynde Apr. 8, 1862 991,725 Kennedy May 9, 1911 2,120,297 ReineckeQn June 14, 1938 2,294,172 Getz Aug. 25, 1942

US194588A 1950-11-08 1950-11-08 Method for packaging viscous food preparations Expired - Lifetime US2723200A (en)

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Cited By (39)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2928435A (en) * 1957-12-10 1960-03-15 Strouse Inc Spray product package and method of packaging spray products
US2931150A (en) * 1956-03-06 1960-04-05 W F And John Barnes Company Apparatus for packaging a liquid under pressure
US2932434A (en) * 1957-11-26 1960-04-12 John J Baessler Means for dispensing liquid concentrate drop by drop
US2950031A (en) * 1957-10-23 1960-08-23 Precision Valve Corp Liquid stream dispensing pressure package for high viscosity liquids
US2953284A (en) * 1957-12-06 1960-09-20 Aerosol Tech Inc Pressurized dispenser
US2977231A (en) * 1959-05-15 1961-03-28 Cecil Wolfson Packaging and dispensing beverage concentrates
US2991629A (en) * 1957-10-29 1961-07-11 Gene Rose Company Inc Tire inflating device
US2992928A (en) * 1956-06-28 1961-07-18 Int Minerals & Chem Corp Method of spraying and dispensing liquid
US2996432A (en) * 1961-04-07 1961-08-15 Modern Lab Inc Skin treating composition and method
US3022923A (en) * 1958-03-21 1962-02-27 American Can Co Dispensing container for viscous products
US3063841A (en) * 1958-01-23 1962-11-13 Guinness Son & Co Ltd A Method of dispensing liquids
US3099370A (en) * 1958-12-24 1963-07-30 American Can Co Dispensing container for viscous products
US3156385A (en) * 1962-12-20 1964-11-10 Crown Ind Products Company Method and apparatus for dispensing viscous substances
US3174659A (en) * 1962-06-29 1965-03-23 Schering Corp Material dispensing package
US3194449A (en) * 1962-06-08 1965-07-13 Us Aviex Company Dispenser for diesel engine starting fluid
US3224158A (en) * 1962-02-05 1965-12-21 Procter & Gamble Method for packaging pressure feed devices
US4667855A (en) * 1980-11-25 1987-05-26 W. R. Grace & Co. Method of reducing failure of pressurized container valves
US5037001A (en) * 1989-06-23 1991-08-06 Fred Presant Means and method for metered single-drop dispensing of water solutions from aerosol container
US5071667A (en) * 1986-07-24 1991-12-10 Lieder Maschinenbau Gmbh & Co. Kg. Method of preserving foodstuffs in cup-shaped containers
US5237797A (en) * 1989-10-30 1993-08-24 Valois (Societe Anonyme) Method of vacuum packaging substances, in particular cosmetic or pharmaceutical products, inside variable-capacity containers closed by dispenser members, that prevent ingress of air, apparatus for implementing the method, and dispensers obtained thereby
US20050129833A1 (en) * 2003-12-15 2005-06-16 Kraft Foods Holdings, Inc. Edible spread composition and packaged product
US7481338B1 (en) * 1993-03-12 2009-01-27 Homax Products, Inc.. Aerosol spray texture apparatus for a particulate containing material
US8251255B1 (en) 2004-07-02 2012-08-28 Homax Products, Inc. Aerosol spray texture apparatus for a particulate containing material
US8313011B2 (en) 1992-02-24 2012-11-20 Homax Products, Inc. Systems and methods for applying texture material to ceiling surfaces
US8317065B2 (en) 1992-02-24 2012-11-27 Homax Products, Inc. Actuator systems and methods for aerosol wall texturing
US8336742B2 (en) 2004-10-08 2012-12-25 Homax Products, Inc. Aerosol systems and methods for dispensing texture material
US8342421B2 (en) 2004-01-28 2013-01-01 Homax Products Inc Texture material for covering a repaired portion of a textured surface
US8353465B2 (en) 2003-04-10 2013-01-15 Homax Products, Inc Dispensers for aerosol systems
US8420705B2 (en) 2004-10-08 2013-04-16 Homax Products, Inc. Particulate materials for acoustic texture material
US8551572B1 (en) 2007-04-04 2013-10-08 Homax Products, Inc. Spray texture material compositions, systems, and methods with anti-corrosion characteristics
US8580349B1 (en) 2007-04-05 2013-11-12 Homax Products, Inc. Pigmented spray texture material compositions, systems, and methods
US8701944B2 (en) 1992-02-24 2014-04-22 Homax Products, Inc. Actuator systems and methods for aerosol wall texturing
US9156602B1 (en) 2012-05-17 2015-10-13 Homax Products, Inc. Actuators for dispensers for texture material
US9156042B2 (en) 2011-07-29 2015-10-13 Homax Products, Inc. Systems and methods for dispensing texture material using dual flow adjustment
US9248457B2 (en) 2011-07-29 2016-02-02 Homax Products, Inc. Systems and methods for dispensing texture material using dual flow adjustment
US9382060B1 (en) 2007-04-05 2016-07-05 Homax Products, Inc. Spray texture material compositions, systems, and methods with accelerated dry times
US9435120B2 (en) 2013-03-13 2016-09-06 Homax Products, Inc. Acoustic ceiling popcorn texture materials, systems, and methods
USD787326S1 (en) 2014-12-09 2017-05-23 Ppg Architectural Finishes, Inc. Cap with actuator
US9776785B2 (en) 2013-08-19 2017-10-03 Ppg Architectural Finishes, Inc. Ceiling texture materials, systems, and methods

Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US34894A (en) * 1862-04-08 Improved bottle for aerated liquids
US991725A (en) * 1909-09-02 1911-05-09 Nat Carbonated Liquid Co Tap for dispensing liquid under pressure.
US2120297A (en) * 1935-08-15 1938-06-14 Food Devices Inc Device for producing aerated expanded food products
US2294172A (en) * 1935-09-26 1942-08-25 Aeration Processes Inc Process of making aerated food products

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US34894A (en) * 1862-04-08 Improved bottle for aerated liquids
US991725A (en) * 1909-09-02 1911-05-09 Nat Carbonated Liquid Co Tap for dispensing liquid under pressure.
US2120297A (en) * 1935-08-15 1938-06-14 Food Devices Inc Device for producing aerated expanded food products
US2294172A (en) * 1935-09-26 1942-08-25 Aeration Processes Inc Process of making aerated food products

Cited By (65)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2931150A (en) * 1956-03-06 1960-04-05 W F And John Barnes Company Apparatus for packaging a liquid under pressure
US2992928A (en) * 1956-06-28 1961-07-18 Int Minerals & Chem Corp Method of spraying and dispensing liquid
US2950031A (en) * 1957-10-23 1960-08-23 Precision Valve Corp Liquid stream dispensing pressure package for high viscosity liquids
US2991629A (en) * 1957-10-29 1961-07-11 Gene Rose Company Inc Tire inflating device
US2932434A (en) * 1957-11-26 1960-04-12 John J Baessler Means for dispensing liquid concentrate drop by drop
US2953284A (en) * 1957-12-06 1960-09-20 Aerosol Tech Inc Pressurized dispenser
US2928435A (en) * 1957-12-10 1960-03-15 Strouse Inc Spray product package and method of packaging spray products
US3063841A (en) * 1958-01-23 1962-11-13 Guinness Son & Co Ltd A Method of dispensing liquids
US3022923A (en) * 1958-03-21 1962-02-27 American Can Co Dispensing container for viscous products
US3099370A (en) * 1958-12-24 1963-07-30 American Can Co Dispensing container for viscous products
US2977231A (en) * 1959-05-15 1961-03-28 Cecil Wolfson Packaging and dispensing beverage concentrates
US2996432A (en) * 1961-04-07 1961-08-15 Modern Lab Inc Skin treating composition and method
US3224158A (en) * 1962-02-05 1965-12-21 Procter & Gamble Method for packaging pressure feed devices
US3194449A (en) * 1962-06-08 1965-07-13 Us Aviex Company Dispenser for diesel engine starting fluid
US3174659A (en) * 1962-06-29 1965-03-23 Schering Corp Material dispensing package
US3156385A (en) * 1962-12-20 1964-11-10 Crown Ind Products Company Method and apparatus for dispensing viscous substances
US4667855A (en) * 1980-11-25 1987-05-26 W. R. Grace & Co. Method of reducing failure of pressurized container valves
US5071667A (en) * 1986-07-24 1991-12-10 Lieder Maschinenbau Gmbh & Co. Kg. Method of preserving foodstuffs in cup-shaped containers
US5037001A (en) * 1989-06-23 1991-08-06 Fred Presant Means and method for metered single-drop dispensing of water solutions from aerosol container
US5237797A (en) * 1989-10-30 1993-08-24 Valois (Societe Anonyme) Method of vacuum packaging substances, in particular cosmetic or pharmaceutical products, inside variable-capacity containers closed by dispenser members, that prevent ingress of air, apparatus for implementing the method, and dispensers obtained thereby
USRE35683E (en) * 1989-10-31 1997-12-09 Valois (Societe Anonyme) Method of vacuum packaging substances, in particular cosmetic or pharmaceutical products, inside variable-capacity containers closed by dispenser members, that prevent ingress of air, apparatus for implementing the method, and dispensers obtained thereby
US8573451B2 (en) 1992-02-24 2013-11-05 Homax Products, Inc. Actuator systems and methods for aerosol wall texturing
US8505786B2 (en) 1992-02-24 2013-08-13 Homax Products, Inc. Actuator systems and methods for aerosol wall texturing
US9181020B2 (en) 1992-02-24 2015-11-10 Homax Products, Inc. Actuator systems and methods for aerosol wall texturing
US8701944B2 (en) 1992-02-24 2014-04-22 Homax Products, Inc. Actuator systems and methods for aerosol wall texturing
US9845185B2 (en) 1992-02-24 2017-12-19 Ppg Architectural Finishes, Inc. Systems and methods for applying texture material
US9079703B2 (en) 1992-02-24 2015-07-14 Homax Products, Inc. Actuator systems and methods for aerosol wall texturing
US8313011B2 (en) 1992-02-24 2012-11-20 Homax Products, Inc. Systems and methods for applying texture material to ceiling surfaces
US8317065B2 (en) 1992-02-24 2012-11-27 Homax Products, Inc. Actuator systems and methods for aerosol wall texturing
US8985392B2 (en) 1992-02-24 2015-03-24 Homax Products, Inc. Systems and methods for applying texture material to ceiling surfaces
US8887953B2 (en) 1992-02-24 2014-11-18 Homax Products, Inc. Systems and methods for applying texture material to ceiling surfaces
US8584898B2 (en) 1992-02-24 2013-11-19 Homax Products, Inc. Systems and methods for applying texture material to ceiling surfaces
US8844765B2 (en) 1993-03-12 2014-09-30 Homax Products, Inc. Aerosol spray texture apparatus for a particulate containing material
US8157135B2 (en) 1993-03-12 2012-04-17 Homax Products, Inc. Aerosol spray texture apparatus for a particulate containing material
US7481338B1 (en) * 1993-03-12 2009-01-27 Homax Products, Inc.. Aerosol spray texture apparatus for a particulate containing material
US20090188948A1 (en) * 1993-03-12 2009-07-30 Homax Products, Inc. Aerosol Spray Texture Apparatus For A Particulate Containing Material
US8820656B2 (en) 2003-04-10 2014-09-02 Homax Products, Inc. Dispenser for aerosol systems
US8353465B2 (en) 2003-04-10 2013-01-15 Homax Products, Inc Dispensers for aerosol systems
US9132953B2 (en) 2003-04-10 2015-09-15 Homax Products, Inc. Dispenser for aerosol systems
US7498050B2 (en) * 2003-12-15 2009-03-03 Kraft Foods Global Brands Llc Edible spread composition and packaged product
US20050129833A1 (en) * 2003-12-15 2005-06-16 Kraft Foods Holdings, Inc. Edible spread composition and packaged product
US9248951B2 (en) 2004-01-28 2016-02-02 Homax Products, Inc. Texture material for covering a repaired portion of a textured surface
US9187236B2 (en) 2004-01-28 2015-11-17 Homax Products, Inc. Aerosol system for repairing a patched portion of a surface
US8342421B2 (en) 2004-01-28 2013-01-01 Homax Products Inc Texture material for covering a repaired portion of a textured surface
US8251255B1 (en) 2004-07-02 2012-08-28 Homax Products, Inc. Aerosol spray texture apparatus for a particulate containing material
US8561840B2 (en) 2004-07-02 2013-10-22 Homax Products, Inc. Aerosol spray texture apparatus for a particulate containing material
US9004316B2 (en) 2004-07-02 2015-04-14 Homax Products, Inc. Aerosol spray texture apparatus for a particulate containing material
US8420705B2 (en) 2004-10-08 2013-04-16 Homax Products, Inc. Particulate materials for acoustic texture material
US9004323B2 (en) 2004-10-08 2015-04-14 Homax Products, Inc. Aerosol systems and methods for dispensing texture material
US8622255B2 (en) 2004-10-08 2014-01-07 Homax Products, Inc. Aerosol systems and methods for dispensing texture material
US8336742B2 (en) 2004-10-08 2012-12-25 Homax Products, Inc. Aerosol systems and methods for dispensing texture material
US9415927B2 (en) 2007-04-04 2016-08-16 Homax Products, Inc. Spray texture material compositions, systems, and methods with anti-corrosion characteristics
US9580233B2 (en) 2007-04-04 2017-02-28 Ppg Architectural Finishes, Inc. Spray texture material compositions, systems, and methods with anti-corrosion characteristics
US8784942B2 (en) 2007-04-04 2014-07-22 Homax Products, Inc. Spray texture material compositions, systems, and methods with anti-corrosion characteristics
US8883902B2 (en) 2007-04-04 2014-11-11 Homax Products, Inc. Aerosol dispensing systems and methods and compositions for repairing interior structure surfaces
US8551572B1 (en) 2007-04-04 2013-10-08 Homax Products, Inc. Spray texture material compositions, systems, and methods with anti-corrosion characteristics
US8580349B1 (en) 2007-04-05 2013-11-12 Homax Products, Inc. Pigmented spray texture material compositions, systems, and methods
US9382060B1 (en) 2007-04-05 2016-07-05 Homax Products, Inc. Spray texture material compositions, systems, and methods with accelerated dry times
US9592527B2 (en) 2007-04-05 2017-03-14 Ppg Architectural Finishes, Inc. Spray texture material compositions, systems, and methods with accelerated dry times
US9248457B2 (en) 2011-07-29 2016-02-02 Homax Products, Inc. Systems and methods for dispensing texture material using dual flow adjustment
US9156042B2 (en) 2011-07-29 2015-10-13 Homax Products, Inc. Systems and methods for dispensing texture material using dual flow adjustment
US9156602B1 (en) 2012-05-17 2015-10-13 Homax Products, Inc. Actuators for dispensers for texture material
US9435120B2 (en) 2013-03-13 2016-09-06 Homax Products, Inc. Acoustic ceiling popcorn texture materials, systems, and methods
US9776785B2 (en) 2013-08-19 2017-10-03 Ppg Architectural Finishes, Inc. Ceiling texture materials, systems, and methods
USD787326S1 (en) 2014-12-09 2017-05-23 Ppg Architectural Finishes, Inc. Cap with actuator

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