US2709390A - Resilient, panel attached stud fastener - Google Patents

Resilient, panel attached stud fastener Download PDF

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Publication number
US2709390A
US2709390A US291548A US29154852A US2709390A US 2709390 A US2709390 A US 2709390A US 291548 A US291548 A US 291548A US 29154852 A US29154852 A US 29154852A US 2709390 A US2709390 A US 2709390A
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United States
Prior art keywords
clip
fingers
panel
resilient
position
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
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US291548A
Inventor
Wesley C Smith
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Prestole Corp
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Prestole Corp
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Publication date
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Priority to US291548A priority Critical patent/US2709390A/en
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Publication of US2709390A publication Critical patent/US2709390A/en
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Application status is Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical

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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16BDEVICES FOR FASTENING OR SECURING CONSTRUCTIONAL ELEMENTS OR MACHINE PARTS TOGETHER, e.g. NAILS, BOLTS, CIRCLIPS, CLAMPS, CLIPS, WEDGES, JOINTS OR JOINTING
    • F16B2/00Friction-grip releasable fastenings
    • F16B2/20Clips, i.e. with gripping action effected solely by the inherent resistance to deformation of the material of the fastening
    • F16B2/22Clips, i.e. with gripping action effected solely by the inherent resistance to deformation of the material of the fastening of resilient material, e.g. rubbery material
    • F16B2/24Clips, i.e. with gripping action effected solely by the inherent resistance to deformation of the material of the fastening of resilient material, e.g. rubbery material of metal
    • F16B2/241Clips, i.e. with gripping action effected solely by the inherent resistance to deformation of the material of the fastening of resilient material, e.g. rubbery material of metal of sheet metal
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10STECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10S411/00Expanded, threaded, driven, headed, tool-deformed, or locked-threaded fastener
    • Y10S411/918Threadless nut
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10STECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10S411/00Expanded, threaded, driven, headed, tool-deformed, or locked-threaded fastener
    • Y10S411/955Locked bolthead or nut
    • Y10S411/965Locked bolthead or nut with retainer
    • Y10S411/97Resilient retainer

Description

y 1955 w. c. SMITH 2,709,390

RESILIENT, PANEL ATTACHED STUD FASTENER Filed June 3, 1952 JUL/2772103. Msslgy Stuff?! E a JQM 2g United States 2,709,391] RESELIENT, PANEL ATTACHED STUD FASTENER Wesley C. Smith, Toledo, ()hio, assignor to Prestole Corporation, Toledo, Ghio, a corporation of Michigan Application June 3, 1952, Serial No. 291,548 1 Ciairn. (Cl. 85-36) Other objects and advantages will hereinafter appear,

and for purposes of illustration but not of limitation, em- 1 bodiments of the invention are shown ing drawings, in which:

Figure 1 is a composite perspective view of a supporting panel and a clip for attachment thereto, the latter on the accompanybeing adapted for reception of a headed rivet carried by a door handle, for example, which is applied thereto from the opposite side of the panel;

Figure 2 is a longitudinal sectional view of the clip shown in Figure 1, applied to the supporting panel and showing by broken lines the position of the clip prior to its being secured in position; and

Figure 3 is a longitudinal sectional view showing the clip mounted on the inner face of a supporting panel and a door handle applied to the outer face in position of use.

The illustrated embodiment of the invention shown on Figures 1 to 3 comprises a panel having a key hole which includes an enlarged portion 10a and a branching narrow elongate portion 19b providing a pair of spaced stop shoulders 10c. Aligned with the key hole 10 and spaced a short distance therefrom is a rectangular assembling hole 11. In this instance, the panel P may comprise the door panel of a cooking stove for household use and a clip S of sheet metal is mounted on the inner face of the panel. The clip S comprises a one-piece spring metal structure having a flat body portion 12 in the central portion of which is a substantially semi-circular countersunk ledge 13. Extending from one end of the body portion 12 is a pair of laterally spaced longitudinally and downwardly inclined ramp fingers 14 which have integral fiat terminal tabs 15 substantially parallel with the body portion 12. Struck from the inner sides of the terminal tabs 15 are fingers 16 which incline downwardly and inwardly in a direction away from the free ends of the tabs 15. It will be manifest that a slot 17 is disposed between the ramp fingers 14, merging with the U-shaped slot which is bounded by the ledge 13. At the other end of the body 12 is an integral wall 18 which inclines longitudinally downward similar to the inclination of the ramp fingers 14. The inclined wall 18 terminates in a fiat terminal portion 19 which is also parallel to the body 12 and substantially centrally of the terminal portion 19 is a downwardly inclined lanced tongue 20, which inclines in a direction toward the inclined fingers 16.

The clip S is applied to the inner side of the door panel P by first engaging the tongue 20 into the square hole 11 so that it engages the edge of that hole adjacent the key hole 10. In that position, the fastener will be dis 1 atent posed in the. broken line position shown on Figure 2, in which the inclined fingers 16 are short of the enlarged portion 10a of the key hole. However, by flexing the clip and imposing a downward pressure thereon, the fingers 16 are forced into the enlarged portion 10a. of the key hole to engage over the shoulders 10c, thereby to" hold the clip in position; It' will be understood that the clip is of spring metal so that its inherent resilience will cause it to remain in the applied position and in the applied position, the slot 17 is directly over and in alignment with the elongate portion 10b of the key hole.

D represents a door handle and rigid therewith and projecting from a boss thereof is a headed rivet 21. The handle is applied by inserting the rivet 21 through the enlarged portion 10a of the key hole 10 and then forcing the head of the rivet along the inner edge portions of the ramp fingers 14, flexing the clip toward the panel, until the head seats itself in the countersunk ledge 13. It will thus be understood that the diameter of the head of the rivet 21 is slightly greater than the width of the slot 17 and upon forcing the rivet to its final position as shown by the full lines in Figure 3, the clip is placed under some tension thereby effectively retaining the rivet and the handle D in the applied position. Thus any vibration will not loosen the handle which is securely held in position but which can be removed without dithculty should that be necessary.

From the above, it will be apparent that the clip may be first assembled to the door panel, whereafter the door assembly may be completed and the handle applied to the door as a final step. As applied, the clip can be removed when necessary but will withstand severe shocks or jars without becoming disengaged. This is important in the mass production of stoves, for example, since the clip may be assembled along the line of production and will remain in place while subsequent operations are being performed on the stove. Since these stoves are enameled, it is important that the clip will not chip the enamel during the assembly operation, and in view of the structure of the clip as above described, there is no possibility of the enamel being chipped or scratched. The only pressure exerted on the enamel is by the two fingers when the handle D is pushed into position of use, but the bearing area of the fingers is suflicient to militate against any damage to the enamel.

From the above, it will be manifest that I have produced an exceedingly simple and reliable clip which can be conveniently applied to a panel and retained in place firmly and securely due to its inherent resilience. Liability of the clip shifting from its applied position is clearly impossible. No tools are required for the application of these fasteners to their assembled position, finger pressure being sutficient to achieve the desired application.

It is to be understood that numerous changes in details of construction, arrangement and operation may be effected without departing from the spirit of the invention especially as defined in the appended claim.

What I claim is:

A fastener comprising a flat body portion of spring metal, a pair of laterally spaced flat downwardly and longitudinally inclined ramp fingers integral with one end of the body portion, flat terminal tabs on the lower ends of said fingers disposed substantially parallel to the body portion, downwardly extending attaching fingers struck from the inner sides of said terminal tabs respectively, said body portion having a U-shaped slot surrounded by a depressed rim portion, said slot opening into the space between said ramp arms enabling a fastener head to slide up said ramp arms and snap into said depressed rim portion, a downwardly and longitudinally inclined wall at the other end of said body portion, a flat terminal portion at the outer end of said inclined wall 3 4- disposed parallel to said body portion, a tongue struck 2,391,046 Tinnerman Dec. 18, 1945 from said terminal portion and inclining generally toward 2,400,666 Tinnerman May 21, 1946 said attaching fingers. 2,566,886 Hartman Sept. 4, 1951 2,571,786 Tinnerman Oct. 16, 1951 References Cited in the file Of this patent 5 2,616,142 Tinnerman Nov. 4, 1952 UNITED STATES PATENTS FOREIGN PATENTS 3 5,5 0 Parkinson 1905 793,537 France 23 1935 1,606,289 Bowers Nov. 9, 1926 2,208,727 Marshall July 23, 1940 10

US291548A 1952-06-03 1952-06-03 Resilient, panel attached stud fastener Expired - Lifetime US2709390A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US291548A US2709390A (en) 1952-06-03 1952-06-03 Resilient, panel attached stud fastener

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US291548A US2709390A (en) 1952-06-03 1952-06-03 Resilient, panel attached stud fastener

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US2709390A true US2709390A (en) 1955-05-31

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Cited By (12)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3036487A (en) * 1958-04-21 1962-05-29 Hughes Ed Fastener
US3117731A (en) * 1960-11-17 1964-01-14 Westinghouse Electric Corp Luminaire
US3373539A (en) * 1965-08-18 1968-03-19 Warren Fastener Corp Trim fastener
US3403881A (en) * 1966-04-04 1968-10-01 United Carr Inc Moulding clip
US3496517A (en) * 1967-09-12 1970-02-17 Malco Mfg Co Inc Connector
US3508371A (en) * 1967-11-08 1970-04-28 Warren Fastener Corp Structural assembly and clip
US4597702A (en) * 1984-02-21 1986-07-01 Refractory Anchors, Inc. Clip for insulation hanger
US5577301A (en) * 1995-06-05 1996-11-26 Prince Corporation Retainer and locking clip for attaching an accessory to a vehicle
US5738462A (en) * 1996-11-04 1998-04-14 Hon Industries Inc. Locking clip system for securing panels together
US6004065A (en) * 1998-02-04 1999-12-21 Hon Technology Inc. Locking clip system for securing panels together
US6132259A (en) * 1998-09-30 2000-10-17 Lucent Technologies Inc. Jacks formed by die casting
FR2992578A1 (en) * 2012-06-29 2014-01-03 Peugeot Citroen Automobiles Sa Device for temporary fastening of reinforcement plate of suspension of front axle on support part of casing of car, has narrow fastening part engaged in throat of centering pin in fastening position to attach plate against support part

Citations (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US815550A (en) * 1904-11-10 1906-03-20 Joseph Olintius Parkinson Removable wall and ceiling covering.
US1606289A (en) * 1925-11-11 1926-11-09 Claude E Bowers Ceiling suspension device
FR793537A (en) * 1935-03-06 1936-01-27 Ford Motor Co An attachment device
US2208727A (en) * 1936-10-26 1940-07-23 Briggs Mfg Co Trim fastener
US2391046A (en) * 1936-07-31 1945-12-18 Tinnerman Products Inc Fastening device
US2400666A (en) * 1936-07-31 1946-05-21 Tinnerman Products Inc Fastening device
US2566886A (en) * 1946-12-04 1951-09-04 Tinnerman Products Inc Resilient fastening device for objects in adjustable axial relationship
US2571786A (en) * 1946-07-03 1951-10-16 Tinnerman Products Inc Bolt fastening device
US2616142A (en) * 1948-09-15 1952-11-04 Tinnerman Products Inc Separable fastener

Patent Citations (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US815550A (en) * 1904-11-10 1906-03-20 Joseph Olintius Parkinson Removable wall and ceiling covering.
US1606289A (en) * 1925-11-11 1926-11-09 Claude E Bowers Ceiling suspension device
FR793537A (en) * 1935-03-06 1936-01-27 Ford Motor Co An attachment device
US2391046A (en) * 1936-07-31 1945-12-18 Tinnerman Products Inc Fastening device
US2400666A (en) * 1936-07-31 1946-05-21 Tinnerman Products Inc Fastening device
US2208727A (en) * 1936-10-26 1940-07-23 Briggs Mfg Co Trim fastener
US2571786A (en) * 1946-07-03 1951-10-16 Tinnerman Products Inc Bolt fastening device
US2566886A (en) * 1946-12-04 1951-09-04 Tinnerman Products Inc Resilient fastening device for objects in adjustable axial relationship
US2616142A (en) * 1948-09-15 1952-11-04 Tinnerman Products Inc Separable fastener

Cited By (12)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3036487A (en) * 1958-04-21 1962-05-29 Hughes Ed Fastener
US3117731A (en) * 1960-11-17 1964-01-14 Westinghouse Electric Corp Luminaire
US3373539A (en) * 1965-08-18 1968-03-19 Warren Fastener Corp Trim fastener
US3403881A (en) * 1966-04-04 1968-10-01 United Carr Inc Moulding clip
US3496517A (en) * 1967-09-12 1970-02-17 Malco Mfg Co Inc Connector
US3508371A (en) * 1967-11-08 1970-04-28 Warren Fastener Corp Structural assembly and clip
US4597702A (en) * 1984-02-21 1986-07-01 Refractory Anchors, Inc. Clip for insulation hanger
US5577301A (en) * 1995-06-05 1996-11-26 Prince Corporation Retainer and locking clip for attaching an accessory to a vehicle
US5738462A (en) * 1996-11-04 1998-04-14 Hon Industries Inc. Locking clip system for securing panels together
US6004065A (en) * 1998-02-04 1999-12-21 Hon Technology Inc. Locking clip system for securing panels together
US6132259A (en) * 1998-09-30 2000-10-17 Lucent Technologies Inc. Jacks formed by die casting
FR2992578A1 (en) * 2012-06-29 2014-01-03 Peugeot Citroen Automobiles Sa Device for temporary fastening of reinforcement plate of suspension of front axle on support part of casing of car, has narrow fastening part engaged in throat of centering pin in fastening position to attach plate against support part

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