US2670818A - Method of erecting cupola structures - Google Patents

Method of erecting cupola structures Download PDF

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Publication number
US2670818A
US2670818A US130973A US13097349A US2670818A US 2670818 A US2670818 A US 2670818A US 130973 A US130973 A US 130973A US 13097349 A US13097349 A US 13097349A US 2670818 A US2670818 A US 2670818A
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United States
Prior art keywords
cupola
members
supporting
erecting
annular member
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Expired - Lifetime
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US130973A
Inventor
Hacker Hermann
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
ESSLINGEN A G MASCHF
MASCHINENFABRIK ESSLINGEN AG
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ESSLINGEN A G MASCHF
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Priority to DEP25470D priority Critical patent/DE803566C/en
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/32Arched structures; Vaulted structures; Folded structures
    • E04B1/3211Structures with a vertical rotation axis or the like, e.g. semi-spherical structures
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/343Structures characterised by movable, separable, or collapsible parts, e.g. for transport
    • E04B1/344Structures characterised by movable, separable, or collapsible parts, e.g. for transport with hinged parts
    • E04B1/3441Structures characterised by movable, separable, or collapsible parts, e.g. for transport with hinged parts with articulated bar-shaped elements
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/35Extraordinary methods of construction, e.g. lift-slab, jack-block
    • E04B1/3544Extraordinary methods of construction, e.g. lift-slab, jack-block characterised by the use of a central column to lift and temporarily or permanently support structural elements
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16DCOUPLINGS FOR TRANSMITTING ROTATION; CLUTCHES; BRAKES
    • F16D49/00Brakes with a braking member co-operating with the periphery of a drum, wheel-rim, or the like
    • F16D49/16Brakes with two brake-blocks
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/32Arched structures; Vaulted structures; Folded structures
    • E04B2001/3217Auxiliary supporting devices used during erection of the arched structures
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16DCOUPLINGS FOR TRANSMITTING ROTATION; CLUTCHES; BRAKES
    • F16D65/00Parts or details
    • F16D65/02Braking members; Mounting thereof
    • F16D2065/024Braking members; Mounting thereof the braking surface being inclined with respect to the rotor's axis of rotation at an angle other than 90 degrees, e.g. comprising a conical rotor
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10STECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10S135/00Tent, canopy, umbrella, or cane
    • Y10S135/905Method of erecting shelter
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T29/00Metal working
    • Y10T29/49Method of mechanical manufacture
    • Y10T29/49826Assembling or joining
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T29/00Metal working
    • Y10T29/49Method of mechanical manufacture
    • Y10T29/49826Assembling or joining
    • Y10T29/49828Progressively advancing of work assembly station or assembled portion of work

Description

March 2, 1954 H. HACKER 2,670,818
METHOD OF' ERECTING CUPOLA STRUCTURES Filed Dec. s, 1949 5 sheets-sheet 1 IN VEN TOR Hnmnrvr/ HAC/ER BY March 2, 1954 H. HACKER METHOD OF' ERECTING CUPOLA STRUCTURES 5 Sheets-Sheet 2 Filed Dec. 3, 1949 Fig. 3
INVENTOR HERMANN HACKER B Y #1,7 a4
March 2, 1954 H HACKER 2,670,818
M TTTTTTTTTTTTTTTTTTTTTTTTTTTTT ES March 2, 1954 H. HACKER 2,670,818
METHOD OF ERECTING CUPOLA STRUCTURES Filed Dec. 5. 1949 5 Sheets-Sheet 4 March 2, 1954 H. HACKER 2,670,818
ERECTING cuPoLA STRUCTURES Il a b30 n d y h @MQ/,7x QQ@ Patented Mar. 2, 1954 UNITED STATES TENT oFFIcE METHOD OF ERECTING CUPOLA STRUCTURES Application December 3, 1949, Serial No. 130,973
Claims priority, application Germany December 18, 1948 3 Claims.` (Cl. 18S- 2) The present invention relates to cupola structures, and more particularly to a method for the erection of a cupola structure consisting of pre'- fabricated elements.
It is the object of the present invention to provide a method for the erection of a cupola structure consisting of prefabricated elements without use of a scaifold or another temporarily erected framework.
With this object in view the present invention mainly consists in a method for erecting a cupola structure by means of a temporarily erected mast by which the elements of the cupola structure are supported during the' construction. The mast supports by means of ropes a central annular member to which radially extending cupola members are pivotally attached. The annular member is gradually raised so that the cupola members pivot into a predetermined position in which they are xedly secured to the central annular member. The lower ends of the cupola member are then connected by cupola supporting members which form a ring. To this ring, supporting members and other structural elements are pivotally attached, whereupon the structure is again raised until the supporting members.
and the other structural elements, pivot into a predetermined position in which they are secured.
The invention will be best understood from the following description with reference to the accompanying drawings in which:
Fig. l is a side view of the structure according to the present invention during the rst stage of erection;
Fig. 2 is a side view of a detail;
Fig. 3 is a plan view of Fig. 2;
Fig. 4 is aside view of a detail;
Fig. 5 is a side view of the structure before the second stage of erection;
Fig. 6 is a plan View of Fig. 5;
Figs. 7, 8 and 9 are sectional views showing details to Fig. 5 on lines l-l, 8--8, and 9 9, respectively, in Fig. 4;
Fig. 10 is a side view of the structure during the second stage of erection;
Fig. 11 is a side view of a detail oi Fig. 10;
Fig. 12 is a side View of the erected structure; and
Fig. 13 is a plan view of Fig. 12.
Referring now to the drawings and more par- Y pass over pulleys, not shown, on the top of the mast l, and are secured at the ends thereof to a supporting structure u by means of forked members ul in which pins u2 are mounted. Suspend- L ing members n3 are turnable about the axis of structure, the annular member a is placed on the supporting rings a5, uB. The annular member a consists of an upper `ring al which has a horizontal ange a2, and of a lower ring a3. A plurality of radial webs a4 Iwhich have cut outs m and n, are welded to the ring a3 and to the iiange a2 of the upper ring al.
A plurality of radially extending cupola members b are attached to the webs a4 by bolts and are arranged on the ground as shown in Figs. 1 and 3.
The central annular member a, is raised by means of the ropes :c so that the radially extending cupola members b, pivoting about the bolts i, slide with their lower ends on the ground until they arrive in a position in which the transverse bolts k engage the slots n in the webs a4 whereby the position of the cupola members b is defined.
f The structure is further raised for a short distance whereupon vertical elements o are secured by bolts p to the lower ends of the cupola members b, as best seen in Fig. 9.
A plurality of cupola supporting members c are now arranged in a ring as shown in Figs. 5 and 6, and secured to the vertical elements o by means of bolts q, as shown in Fig. 4. The rigidity of the structure may be increased by connecting rods y forming a ring.
Thereupon, a plurality of tie members e, and supporting members d are secured by bolts 1' and t, respectively, to the vertical elements o, see Fig. 7.. The structure is now in the position shown in Figs. 5 and 6 with the tie members e extending outwardly and the supporting members d extending inwardly in radial direction. Preferably there are twice as many tie members e provided than cupola members b, the attachment of the tie members e to the cupola supporting members c by bolts r :being shown in Fig. 8.
The second stage of erection is started from the position shown in Fig. 5, and is illustrated in Fig. which shows how raising of the central annular member a causes raising of the outer ring consisting of the cupola supporting members c so that the members e and d slide on the ground into iinal positions. First the tie members e arrive in the inclined position shown in Figs. 10 and 1l, and are secured to the vertical elements o, and to the cupola supporting members c as illustrated in Figs. 8, 9, and 11 by bolts s which are placed in the holes s. Outer ring elements f are now attached to the lower ends of the tie members c, and form an outer ring, while connecting ties g are provided for increasing the rigidity of the roof structure formed by the members e.
The structure is now further raised until the supporting members d arrive in the vertical position shown in Fig. 12, in which position they are supported by foundations w.
Wall members h, connected by horizontal members forming rings 28, 29, are secured to the cupola supporting members e. Diagonal ties .e may be provided for increasing the rigidity of the structure and for providing a support for wall panels.
The cupola structure is now completed, and the mast I is now removed. The ring u is lowered to the ground, the ropes and the cable 30 are removed, and the mast is disassembled by successively removing the lowermost portions of the same and gradually lowering they upper portions' to the ground.
Disassembly of the cupola structure is carried out in reverse order. First the central annular member a is supported on a mast, and then the structure is disassembled from the outside starting with the wall members h, whereupon the supporting members d are pivoted out of the vertical position, and the structure lowered. The members e, d and c are then disconnected, and the upper portion of the structure lowered and dismantled.
While the invention has been described and illustrated with reference to a preferred method of erecting a cupola structure, it will be understood that modifications of the method of the present invention may be made without departing from the spirit of the present invention.
What I claim is:
1. A method of erecting a cupola structure comprising. in combination, the steps of erecting a mast passing through a central annular member located on the ground; pivotally attaching a plurality of radially extending cupola members to said annular member; lifting said annular member by means of ropes connected thereto and to the top or said mast so that said cupola members pivot into a predetermined inclined position; securing said cupola members in said inclined position to said annular member; placing a plurality of cupola supporting members end to end in a circle around the lower ends of said cupolav members; connecting each of said cupola supporting members to an adjacent cupola supporting member and to the lower end of a correspondent cupola member; arranging a plurality ci' tie members in an outwardly extending radial position, and a plurality of supporting members in an inwardly extending radial position on the ground; pivotally connecting each of said supporting members and of said tie members to the joining point of said cupola members and of said cupola supporting members; lifting the structure again until said supporting members pivot into a vertical position, and said tie members pivot into a predetermined inclined position; attaching a plurality of wall members to the outer ends of said tie members; supporting said Wall members and said supporting members; and removing said mast.
2. A method of erecting a cupola structure comprising, in combination, the steps of erecting a mast passing through a central annular member located on the ground; pivotally attaching a plurality of radially extending cupola members to said annular member; lifting said annular member by means of ropes connected thereto and to the top of said mast so that said cupola members pivot into a predetermined inclined position; securing said cupola members in said inclined position to said annular member; placing a plurality of cupola supporting members end to end in a circle around the lower ends of said cupola members; connecting each of said cupola supporting members to an adjacent cupola supporting member and to the lower end of a correspondent cupola member; arranging a plurality of supporting members in a radially extending position on the ground; pivotally connecting each of said supporting members to the joining point of said cupola members and of said cupola supporting members; lifting the structure again until said supporting members pivot into a vertical position; supporting said supporting members; and removing said mast.
3. A method of erecting a cupola structure comprising, in combination, the steps of erecting a mast passing through a central annular member located on the ground; pivotally attaching a plurality of radially extending cupola members to said annular member; lifting said annular member by means of ropes connected thereto and to the top of said mast so that said cupola members pivot into a predetermined inclined position; securing said cupola members in said inclined position to said annular member; placing a plurality of cupola supporting members end to end in a circle around the lower ends of said cupola members; connecting vertical elements to the adjacent ends of adjacent cupola supporting member; connecting one of said vertical elements to the lower end of each of said cupola members; arranging a plurality of supporting members in a radially extending position on the ground; pivotally connecting each of said supporting members to one of said vertical elements; lifting the Structure again until said supporting members pivot into a vertical position; supporting said supporting members; and removing said mast.
HERMANN HACKER.
References Cited in the le of this patent STATES PATENTS Number Name Date 1,502,898 Berg July 29, 1924 2,044,351 Eriksson June 16, 1936 2,425,279 Harris Aug. 5, 1947 FOREIGN PATENTS Number Country Date 495,012 France of 1919 23,788 France of 1921 369,975 Italy of 1939
US130973A 1948-12-18 1949-12-03 Method of erecting cupola structures Expired - Lifetime US2670818A (en)

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DEP25470D DE803566C (en) 1948-12-18 1948-12-18 Method for erecting transportable domed structures, especially for circuses

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Cited By (29)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2748785A (en) * 1951-11-21 1956-06-05 Lemet Ind Nv Framework for a tent or like structure
US2828756A (en) * 1955-10-21 1958-04-01 Harold Smith J Sectional tent
US2984898A (en) * 1957-02-13 1961-05-23 Byggforbattring Ab Method of erecting a steel storage tank and the like
US3017893A (en) * 1958-09-02 1962-01-23 Portapavilion Structures Ltd Collapsible building structure
US3068561A (en) * 1957-11-20 1962-12-18 Wayne W Jones Method of installing a flexible tank liner
US3073018A (en) * 1959-11-14 1963-01-15 Gauthron Robert Method of constructing an elevated reservoir
US3072996A (en) * 1959-09-04 1963-01-15 Gerald E Mcguire Roof structure form employing radial cables
US3094708A (en) * 1958-02-07 1963-06-25 Caldwell Alfred Indoor-outdoor swimming pool and enclosure therefor
US3153303A (en) * 1959-03-20 1964-10-20 James E Wheeler Building construction
US3153302A (en) * 1958-10-27 1964-10-20 James E Wheeler Building construction
US3193973A (en) * 1961-02-24 1965-07-13 Granite City Steel Company Method of building erection
US3256656A (en) * 1960-12-22 1966-06-21 Jr Richard G Price Bracing means for telephone poles and the like
US3410036A (en) * 1966-07-08 1968-11-12 Brell Franz Multipurpose roof structures
US3456943A (en) * 1966-07-27 1969-07-22 Chance Mfg Co Inc Amusement ride apparatus and method
US3462893A (en) * 1965-05-20 1969-08-26 Ickes Braun Glasshouses Inc Dome with connected frame members and frame connecting member
US3473272A (en) * 1967-04-10 1969-10-21 Goodrich Co B F Enclosure including flaccid nonmetallic surfacing
US3713265A (en) * 1970-12-14 1973-01-30 J Wysocki Method for construction and erection of floor slabs
FR2206776A5 (en) * 1972-11-15 1974-06-07 Balcke Duerr Ag
US4010580A (en) * 1972-09-26 1977-03-08 Mayr Guenter Tubular structure
US4475323A (en) * 1982-04-30 1984-10-09 Martin Marietta Corporation Box truss hoop
US4541210A (en) * 1983-06-23 1985-09-17 Envirotech Corporation Multiple rise cover
US4578908A (en) * 1984-04-19 1986-04-01 Owens-Corning Fiberglas Corporation Fabric roof structure
US4703594A (en) * 1986-04-22 1987-11-03 Reber Dwight E Spherical building structure
US5031566A (en) * 1990-03-05 1991-07-16 Switzer Robert D Support post system
US5150556A (en) * 1989-10-06 1992-09-29 Shimizu Construction Co. Chord truss roof structure
US5216854A (en) * 1990-06-11 1993-06-08 Emmert Raymond L Laminated panel modular building structure and assembly method
WO2000063503A1 (en) 1999-04-21 2000-10-26 Lct Dome, Incorporated Dome structure
US6430892B1 (en) * 2000-10-02 2002-08-13 Geometrica, Inc. Apparatus and method for building a domed structure
US7743582B1 (en) * 2004-10-04 2010-06-29 Davor Petricio Yaksic Conical roof construction

Families Citing this family (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE1024231B (en) * 1952-08-18 1958-02-13 Deggendorfer Werft Eisenbau Procedure and assembly device for assembling large standing containers
DE974047C (en) * 1953-05-17 1960-08-25 Maschf Augsburg Nuernberg Ag Procedure for assembling a large ball container

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
FR495012A (en) * 1919-01-22 1919-09-26 Albert Benoit Marius Rossi Improvements to farms for constructions
FR23788E (en) * 1915-11-17 1921-12-30 Henri Lemaire Construction process for hangars with suspended frames
US1502898A (en) * 1924-01-12 1924-07-29 Frederick O Berg Tent
US2044351A (en) * 1933-08-30 1936-06-16 Eriksson Bengt Gustaf Tent
US2425279A (en) * 1945-10-16 1947-08-05 Richard G Harris Field tent

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
FR23788E (en) * 1915-11-17 1921-12-30 Henri Lemaire Construction process for hangars with suspended frames
FR495012A (en) * 1919-01-22 1919-09-26 Albert Benoit Marius Rossi Improvements to farms for constructions
US1502898A (en) * 1924-01-12 1924-07-29 Frederick O Berg Tent
US2044351A (en) * 1933-08-30 1936-06-16 Eriksson Bengt Gustaf Tent
US2425279A (en) * 1945-10-16 1947-08-05 Richard G Harris Field tent

Cited By (31)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2748785A (en) * 1951-11-21 1956-06-05 Lemet Ind Nv Framework for a tent or like structure
US2828756A (en) * 1955-10-21 1958-04-01 Harold Smith J Sectional tent
US2984898A (en) * 1957-02-13 1961-05-23 Byggforbattring Ab Method of erecting a steel storage tank and the like
US3068561A (en) * 1957-11-20 1962-12-18 Wayne W Jones Method of installing a flexible tank liner
US3094708A (en) * 1958-02-07 1963-06-25 Caldwell Alfred Indoor-outdoor swimming pool and enclosure therefor
US3017893A (en) * 1958-09-02 1962-01-23 Portapavilion Structures Ltd Collapsible building structure
US3153302A (en) * 1958-10-27 1964-10-20 James E Wheeler Building construction
US3153303A (en) * 1959-03-20 1964-10-20 James E Wheeler Building construction
US3072996A (en) * 1959-09-04 1963-01-15 Gerald E Mcguire Roof structure form employing radial cables
US3073018A (en) * 1959-11-14 1963-01-15 Gauthron Robert Method of constructing an elevated reservoir
US3256656A (en) * 1960-12-22 1966-06-21 Jr Richard G Price Bracing means for telephone poles and the like
US3193973A (en) * 1961-02-24 1965-07-13 Granite City Steel Company Method of building erection
US3462893A (en) * 1965-05-20 1969-08-26 Ickes Braun Glasshouses Inc Dome with connected frame members and frame connecting member
US3410036A (en) * 1966-07-08 1968-11-12 Brell Franz Multipurpose roof structures
US3456943A (en) * 1966-07-27 1969-07-22 Chance Mfg Co Inc Amusement ride apparatus and method
US3473272A (en) * 1967-04-10 1969-10-21 Goodrich Co B F Enclosure including flaccid nonmetallic surfacing
US3713265A (en) * 1970-12-14 1973-01-30 J Wysocki Method for construction and erection of floor slabs
US4010580A (en) * 1972-09-26 1977-03-08 Mayr Guenter Tubular structure
FR2206776A5 (en) * 1972-11-15 1974-06-07 Balcke Duerr Ag
US3945106A (en) * 1972-11-15 1976-03-23 Balcke-Durr Aktiengesellschaft Method of mounting a natural draft cooling tower
US4475323A (en) * 1982-04-30 1984-10-09 Martin Marietta Corporation Box truss hoop
US4541210A (en) * 1983-06-23 1985-09-17 Envirotech Corporation Multiple rise cover
US4578908A (en) * 1984-04-19 1986-04-01 Owens-Corning Fiberglas Corporation Fabric roof structure
US4703594A (en) * 1986-04-22 1987-11-03 Reber Dwight E Spherical building structure
US5150556A (en) * 1989-10-06 1992-09-29 Shimizu Construction Co. Chord truss roof structure
US5031566A (en) * 1990-03-05 1991-07-16 Switzer Robert D Support post system
US5216854A (en) * 1990-06-11 1993-06-08 Emmert Raymond L Laminated panel modular building structure and assembly method
WO2000063503A1 (en) 1999-04-21 2000-10-26 Lct Dome, Incorporated Dome structure
US6276095B1 (en) 1999-04-21 2001-08-21 Lazaros C. Tripsianes Dome structure
US6430892B1 (en) * 2000-10-02 2002-08-13 Geometrica, Inc. Apparatus and method for building a domed structure
US7743582B1 (en) * 2004-10-04 2010-06-29 Davor Petricio Yaksic Conical roof construction

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