US2655192A - Bending and shearing machine - Google Patents

Bending and shearing machine Download PDF

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US2655192A
US2655192A US23202951A US2655192A US 2655192 A US2655192 A US 2655192A US 23202951 A US23202951 A US 23202951A US 2655192 A US2655192 A US 2655192A
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Prior art keywords
bending
blade
guiding
edge
plate
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Lone Ralph La
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Lone Ralph La
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23DPLANING; SLOTTING; SHEARING; BROACHING; SAWING; FILING; SCRAPING; LIKE OPERATIONS FOR WORKING METAL BY REMOVING MATERIAL, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23D15/00Shearing machines or shearing devices cutting by blades which move parallel to themselves
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B21MECHANICAL METAL-WORKING WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL; PUNCHING METAL
    • B21DWORKING OR PROCESSING OF SHEET METAL OR METAL TUBES, RODS OR PROFILES WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL; PUNCHING METAL
    • B21D5/00Bending sheet metal along straight lines, e.g. to form simple curves
    • B21D5/02Bending sheet metal along straight lines, e.g. to form simple curves on press brakes without making use of clamping means
    • B21D5/0272Deflection compensating means
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10STECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10S72/00Metal deforming
    • Y10S72/701Preventing distortion
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T83/00Cutting
    • Y10T83/566Interrelated tool actuating means and means to actuate work immobilizer
    • Y10T83/5669Work clamp
    • Y10T83/576Clamp actuating means driven by tool or tool support
    • Y10T83/5769Clamp yieldably driven by tool or tool support
    • Y10T83/5778With resilient drive element
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T83/00Cutting
    • Y10T83/869Means to drive or to guide tool
    • Y10T83/8821With simple rectilinear reciprocating motion only
    • Y10T83/8822Edge-to-edge of sheet or web [e.g., traveling cutter]

Description

Oct. 13,1953 LA LONE 2,655,192
BENDING AND SHEARING MACHINE Filed June 16, 1951 4 Sheets-Sheet 1 YINVENTOR. R4L PH LA I ONE m t e E flF r IHHH Oct. 13, 1953 R. LA LONE BENDING SHEARING MACHINE 4 Sheets-Sheet 2 Filed June 16, 1951 K INVENTOR.
RALPH Home BY 2 A I MiM I nnwmuvasy (Sci. 13, 1953 R. LA LONE BENDING AND SHE ARING MACHINE 4 Sheets-Sheet 5 Filed June 16, 1951 mmvrm mm! LAL 1/5 Oct. 13, 1953 BENDING AND SHEARING MACHINE Filed June 16, I 1951 4 Sheets-Sheet 4 lln- IHIIIIII.
uhln."
ll lluu- R. LA LONE 2,655,192 7 Patented Oct. 13, 1953 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE BENDING AND SHEARING MACHINE Ralph La Lone, Detroit, Mich.
Application June 16, 1951, Serial No. 232,029
8 Claims. 1
The present invention pertains to a novel machine for shearing sheet material of various kinds although it is suitable particularly for working on metal lath of the mesh type. Such lath is used in rather long strips which are bent lengthwise at an angle somewhat greater than 90. The
bending may be done on a 90 form, and the lath will expand to a somewhat greater angle.
The strips are cut from a sheet in a conventional shearing machine in which the cutting edge of one of the blades is longitudinally inclined to the cutting edge of the other blade. The moving blade is carried by a head plate slidable in the frame of the machine, and the fixed blade is secured at an edge of the work table. It has been proposed to apply complementary bending members to the table and the head plate. It has been found that a strip bent in this manner takes a twist from end to end, probably as a result of the progressive cutting action between the shear blades. To remove the twist would require as much labor and expense as a separate bending operation, and the proposed idea has therefore remained an impracticality.
The principal object of this invention is to apply a bending mechanism to the shearing machine in such a manner that the aforementioned twist will not occur. Complementary bending members are applied respectively to the table and the slidable head plate. The member or form applied to the table or frame has a floating mounting in its plane and is given a rocking motion as it is engaged progressively by the movable shear blade. This movement of the bending form, resisted by a rather powerful but yielding spring system, results in a bent strip without the aforementioned twist. It appears that the peculiar movement of the bending form introduces forces opposing and balancing those that tend to twist the strip.
The invention is fully disclosed by way of example in the following description and in the accompanying drawings in which:
Figure 1 is a front elevation of the machine;
Figure 2 is a rear elevation;
Figure 3 is a section on the line 3-3 of Figure 1;
Figure 4 is a section on the line 44 of Figure 2;
Figure 5 is a section on the line 55 of Figure 1; and
Figure 6 is a rear elevation showing the position of parts on completion of the bending and shearing action.
Reference to these views will now be made by use of like characters which are employed to designate corresponding parts throughout.
As already indicated, this invention makes postory bending attachment on a conventional shearing machine. The machine is of known construction and includes a pair of standards or uprights I between which is supported a horizontal table 2. The upper surface of the table 2 is a work supporting and guiding surface. A vertical head plate 3 is slidably mounted in the standards I and is reciprocated by means of a power driven pulley 4, a shaft 5 and an arm 6 mounted on the shaft and joined to the head plate. Since such mechanism is known in the art, further detailed description thereof is not considered necessary. The lower edge of the plate 3 is recessed at I to receive a shearing blade 8 suitably secured therein. The lower edge 9 of the blade is longitudinally inclined from one end to the other and moves progressively along the edge of the table 2 as the head plate is lowered, thereby shearing the piece that lies on the table. The blade 8 is formed with a fiat surface 8 extending transversely and perpendicularly from the cutting edge.
A work holding plate I0 lies against the plate 3 and is slidably carried thereby. For this purpose the plate 3 carries a pair of bolts I I slidably received in slots I2 in the plate ID. The lower edge of the holding lplate III is formed with work holding lugs I3 that engage and hold the work piece before it is engaged by the blade 8.
A pair of lugs I4 on the plate II] carries upwardly extending guide rods I5 passing through ears I6 on the head plate 3. The rods I5 are surrounded by coil springs I'I, and the upper ends of the rods are held by nuts I8. The springs I1, therefore, permit relative movement of the head plate 3 beyond the holding plate IE! and become compressed in this movement. When the plate 3 has been raised as in Figure 3, the bolts I I raise the plate I0 and the lugs from the work.
At the rear or inner end of the table 2 is suspended an apron 20 which is comprised in the fixed frame structure. The lower shear blade 2I is secured along the same edge of the table and the apron.
A floating pressure late 22, extending also the whole width of the machine, lies adjacent to the blade H and is supported from the apron 20. For this purpose the pressure plate is formed near its ends with a short vertical slot 23 and a longer slot 24 through which are passed bolts 25 that screw into the apron 20. Between the apron 20 and the plate 22, each bolt carries a circular roller bearing 26, and a washer 21. The exposed end of the bolt carries a coil spring 28, a pair of washers 29 and a tightening nut 29',
The outer race of the bearing 26 is somewhat longer than the inner race 26 and is clamped between the members 20, 22 while the inner race is free to rotate. The slots 23 and 24 are somewhat wider than the bolts 25 therein to permit a slight rocking movement of the plate 22 in the vertical plane in a manner presently to be described. In other words the pressure plate 22 has a floating mounting in two directions in a. plane perpendicular to the upper or work supporting surface of table 2. The relative movement between the pressure plate and its supporting bolts is taken up by the bearings. Below the blade 2|, the apron 20 has a longitudinal reinforcing rib 20, and the pressure plate 22 is spaced slightly from the members 2] and 20' to avoid surface friction. At its upper edge the plate 22 has a supmrting surface 22 substantially co-planar with the surface of table 2 and in the path of the flat surface 8'.
To the rear surface of the pressure plate 22, near its ends, are welded a pair of angle brackets 30, 3| with their webs in vertical planes. The webs 30 against the pressure plate are slotted at 23' and 24' to coincide with the slots 23 and 24 respectively. The projecting webs 3! are formed with several notches 32 in the upper edge to receive a lower bender form, as will now be shown.
This bender form is a length of angle iron having one side 33 laid horizontally upon the brackets 30, 3|. The verticalside 3d of the angle iron lies parallel to the direction of movement of the shear blade 8. v The bender form is spaced rearard fromthe pressure plate 22 and is disposed entirely out of the path of blade 8. The free edge of the side 33 may be hanged downward at 35 to fit snugly in a pair of selected slots 32. The ends of the upper side 33 are formed with vertical webs 33 which overlap the webs 3 I. The webs 33 are bolted adjustably at 35' into selected holes 3 l in the webs 3 I. Other means for adjustably, securing the bender form to thebracket may be employed. The upper surface of the bender form is co-planar with the top of the table, thereby completing the supporting and guiding surface for the work.
The forward surface of the pressure plate carries a pair of angle stops 36 adapted to be brought up against the lower edge of the apron 23. A leaf spring 31 has its ends shackled at 38 to the lower edge of the pressure plate and its center fastened at 39 to a fixed frame member 40. In addition, a pair of booster coil springs 31' are inserted betweenthe member .40 and the lower edge of the pressure plate 22, preferably near the ends of the latter, so that there is an upward pressure on the pressureplate, limited by the engagement of the stops 36 with the lower edge of the fixed member 20.
. An upper complementary bender in the form of a strip 41 is secured in spacedrelation to the rear surface of the head plate 3. The. attachment is made by a number of bolts vl2 with washers 43 .inserted in an adequate space between the member 3 and the bender M to permitthe latter to pass the form 33, 34'. Thebender 41 moves with the shear blade 8, with the bender moving into overlapping parallel surface relation to-the form side 34.- The leading edge M of the bender 4i and the end of inclined edge 9 nearer the work guiding surface are substantially equidistant from the work guiding surface.
In the upper position of the head plate 3, the lower edge of the upper bender 4| is spaced from the top 33 of the form somewhat more than the rearwardly and horizontally from the plate 3.
On the rods are adjustably mounted a pair of L-shaped arms 45 which extend toward the lower bender. The upper ends of the arms are formed with bosses--46 riding on the rods 41 and adjustably secured thereto by screw 48. On the lower branch of each angle arm is secured a piece of angle iron 50 presenting a vertical surface spaced rearward from the lower bender and extending somewhat above andbelow the same in order .to be engaged by the inserted material. The stops determine the width of the piece to be cut off by the shears and are obviously adjustable for different widths.
In the operation of the device, and with -.reference to Figure 2, on initial downward movement of the head plate 3, the lower end of the inclined cutting edge 9 of blade 8 will engage the fixed blade 2| at practically the same timethat-the bender ll engages the form surface 34. As the cutting edge 9 moves toward the plane of the work guiding and supporting surface 2, 22, 133 and meets the edge of plate, to shear the work piece, it comes in contact with the work, thereby exerting pressure on surface 22 of pressure plate 22. It is to be noted, however, that only the lower end of surface 8' clamps the work surface 22' at this time. Consequently,;the pressure plate 22 and the lower bender 33, 34 tend to rise at their other end with a rocking movement by the action of springs 31 and .31. The, work piece is initially clamped in the plane of the work guiding surface and thereafterv is clamped progressively in an angularly displaced plane as the surface 8' rocks the pressure plate 22. This rocking movement is permitted by the looseness of the bolts 25 in their slots 23, 24 aspreviously stated.
.The shearing progresses with the bending. action and is not completed, at least, before'the bending operation has been well started. Thus, the piece being cut off remains incontact with the. stock and requires no additional clamping means while being bent.
As the inclined cutting edge of the blade B progressively crosses the cutting edge .of the blade 21, it gradually increases the slope of thelower bender form, pushing the pressure platedown and tilting it a few degrees, until as shownin Figure 6 there is full contact with thework between the inclined lower edge of blade 8 and the pressure plate 122.
It has previously been proposed .to apply a simple bending mechanismv to a shearing machine of this kind, with .bendersfixed rigidlyto the head plate and the table frame respectively. It has been found that thepiece bent. by this means takes a considerable twist from end to end. The cause of this twist has not been definitely determined but is believed to be the progressive cutting by the upper shear blade.
In the present invention, the lower bender has a somewhat floating relation to the framaand the described rocking motion has been found to eliminate theaforementioned' twist. In other words, this motion introduces pressures that overcome the described tendency to twist.
The slot 24 below the lower end of the blade 8 is longer than the slot 23, since the pressure plate is obviously given a longer downward movement at this end. Although the bolts 25 have lateral play in the slots, the amount of play is limited, and the swinging or tilting of the pressure plate and lower bender is therefore restricted. At an upper corner of the pressure plate, the sway appears to be not more than 15.
When downward pressure on the plate 3 is released, the springs 31 and 31 raise the pressure plate until the stops engage the lower edge of the fixed member 20. The upper corners of the pressure plate are sloped off at 5! in order to clear certain parts of a standard or conventional shear on the upward movement.
To adjust the vertical dimension of the bent strip of material, interchangeable forms of various vertical widths may be provided for bolting or otherwise fastening on the brackets 30, 31, and the stops 50 are also adjusted. For the thickness of the work, adjustment of the upper bending member 4| is made by altering the number of washers 43.
The machine is adapted especially for bending and cutting strips of metal lath in the well known mesh form, but may also be applied to other sheet materials within the scope of the invention.
Although a specific embodiment of the invention has been illustrated and described, it will be understood that various alterations in the details of construction may be made without departing from the scope of the invention as indicated by the appended claims.
What I claim is:
1. A bending and shearing machine comprising a frame structure including a work guiding surface, a blade along one edge of said surface. a shear blade slidably movable in said structure toward the plane of said surface, and having a cutting edge cooperating with and longitudinally inclined relatively to the cutting edge of the first blade, said shear blade presenting a flat surface extending transversely and perpendicularly from its cutting edge, a pressure plate yieldingly supported on said structure and having a floating mounting thereon in two directions in a plaie perpendicular to said guiding surface, said pressure plate having a supporting surface initially substantially co-planar with said guiding surface and lying in the path of said flat surface, whereby a work piece on said guiding surface becomes clamped between said fiat and supporting surface initially in substantially the plane of said guiding surface and progressively in an angularly disposed plane on the working stroke of said shear blade, a bending form carried by said pressure plate, out of the path of said shear blade, and having a surface parallel to the direction of movement of said shear blade, a complementary bending member movable with said shear blade and positioned to move into overlapping parallel surface relation to said bending form.
2. A bending and shearing machine as set forth in claim 1, said bending member having a leading edge parallel to said guiding surface, said leading edge and'end of said inclined cutting edge nearer said guiding surface being substantially equidistant from said guiding surface, whereby said bending member progressively overlaps said bending form surface while said inclined cutting ed e traverses the first blade.
3. A bending and shearing machine as set' forth in claim 1, said bending form and bending member being spaced from the first blade and said shearing blade in the direction in which the work is fed, said bending member having a leading edge parallel to said guiding surface, said leading edge and end of said inclined cutting edge nearer said guiding surface being substantially equidistant from said guiding surface, whereby said bending member progressively overlaps said bending form surface while said inclined cutting edge traverses the first blade.
4. A bending and shearing machine as set forth in claim 1, said bending form having another surface co-planar with said guiding surface for supporting engagement by the work.
5. A bending and shearing machine as set forth in claim 1, said bending form having another surface co-planar with said. guiding surface for supporting engagement by the work, said bending form and bending member being spaced from said blade in the direction in which the work is fed.
6. A bending and shearing machine as set forth in claim 1, said bending form having another surface co-planar with said guiding surface for supporting engagement by the work, said bending form and bending member being spaced from said blades in the direction in which the work is fed, said bending member having a leading edge parallel to said guiding surface, said leading edge and end of said inclined cutting edge nearer said guiding surface being substantially equidistant from said guiding surface, whereby said bending member progressively overlaps said bending form surface while said inclined cutting edge traverses the first blade.
7. A bending and shearing machine as set forth in claim 1, said structure including an apron on which said pressure plate is mounted, said apron extending in a plane perpendicular to said work guiding surface.
8. A bending and shearing machine as set forth in claim 1, said structure including an apron on which said pressure plate is mounted, said apron extending in .a plane perpendicular to said work guiding surface, said bending member having a leading edge parallel to said guiding surface, said leading edge and end of said inclined cutting edge nearer said guiding surface being substantially equidistant from said guiding surface, whereby said bending member progressively overlaps said bending form surface while said inclined cutting edge traverses the first blade.
RALPH LA LONE.
References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Name Date 231,209 Brooks et a1. Aug. 17, 1880 377,780 Sagendorph Feb. 14, 1888 468,586 Walsh Feb. 9, 1892 490,060 Bayrer Jan. 17, 1893 739,841 Delivouk Sept. 29, 1903 793,728 Mackall July 4, 1905 991,564 Thornton May 9, 1911 1,539,989 Bowman June 2, 1925 1,754,915 Therrien Apr. 15, 1930 2,101,888 Ambrosins Dec. 14, 1937 2,222,095 Van Dusen Nov. 19, 1940 FOREIGN PATENTS Number Country Date 400,417 Great Britain Aug. 9, 1924
US23202951 1951-06-16 1951-06-16 Bending and shearing machine Expired - Lifetime US2655192A (en)

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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2776694A (en) * 1952-12-27 1957-01-08 Clarence A Blomgren Shearing and bending machine
US3227021A (en) * 1962-10-02 1966-01-04 Steel Briquette Corp Scrap metal shears with attached pivoted clamp
DE2238842A1 (en) * 1972-08-07 1974-02-14 Intermenua Pty Ltd CUTTING DEVICE OR MACHINE SHEARS
WO1988004967A1 (en) * 1987-01-12 1988-07-14 Hans Nordberg Machine for cutting and bending sheet material
US20170173709A1 (en) * 2014-07-04 2017-06-22 Taiyuan University Of Science And Technology Hydraulic rolling-cut shears

Citations (12)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US231209A (en) * 1880-08-17 Machinery for making lock-casings
US377780A (en) * 1888-02-14 Assigm
US468586A (en) * 1892-02-09 Sheet-metal-shearing machine
US490060A (en) * 1893-01-17 batrer
US739841A (en) * 1903-02-09 1903-09-29 Louis Delivouk Machine for cutting and forming binding-strips.
US793728A (en) * 1905-01-19 1905-07-04 Benjamin F Mackall Machine for making metal binding-strips.
US991564A (en) * 1909-05-24 1911-05-09 Henry P Thornton Metal-binding-strip machine.
US1539989A (en) * 1924-11-15 1925-06-02 Oliver S Bowman Forming machine
US1754915A (en) * 1928-08-02 1930-04-15 Adelard J Therrien Machine designed for the manufacture of flashings
GB400417A (en) * 1932-10-29 1933-10-26 County Chemical Company Ltd Improvements relating to fluid delivery pumps for use with bottles and like containers
US2101888A (en) * 1936-05-25 1937-12-14 Standard Oil Co Sheet metal piston manufacture
US2222095A (en) * 1939-03-03 1940-11-19 Charles A Van Dusen Shear machine

Patent Citations (12)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US231209A (en) * 1880-08-17 Machinery for making lock-casings
US377780A (en) * 1888-02-14 Assigm
US468586A (en) * 1892-02-09 Sheet-metal-shearing machine
US490060A (en) * 1893-01-17 batrer
US739841A (en) * 1903-02-09 1903-09-29 Louis Delivouk Machine for cutting and forming binding-strips.
US793728A (en) * 1905-01-19 1905-07-04 Benjamin F Mackall Machine for making metal binding-strips.
US991564A (en) * 1909-05-24 1911-05-09 Henry P Thornton Metal-binding-strip machine.
US1539989A (en) * 1924-11-15 1925-06-02 Oliver S Bowman Forming machine
US1754915A (en) * 1928-08-02 1930-04-15 Adelard J Therrien Machine designed for the manufacture of flashings
GB400417A (en) * 1932-10-29 1933-10-26 County Chemical Company Ltd Improvements relating to fluid delivery pumps for use with bottles and like containers
US2101888A (en) * 1936-05-25 1937-12-14 Standard Oil Co Sheet metal piston manufacture
US2222095A (en) * 1939-03-03 1940-11-19 Charles A Van Dusen Shear machine

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2776694A (en) * 1952-12-27 1957-01-08 Clarence A Blomgren Shearing and bending machine
US3227021A (en) * 1962-10-02 1966-01-04 Steel Briquette Corp Scrap metal shears with attached pivoted clamp
DE2238842A1 (en) * 1972-08-07 1974-02-14 Intermenua Pty Ltd CUTTING DEVICE OR MACHINE SHEARS
WO1988004967A1 (en) * 1987-01-12 1988-07-14 Hans Nordberg Machine for cutting and bending sheet material
US20170173709A1 (en) * 2014-07-04 2017-06-22 Taiyuan University Of Science And Technology Hydraulic rolling-cut shears
US10293416B2 (en) * 2014-07-04 2019-05-21 Taiyuan University Of Science And Technology Hydraulic rolling-cut shears

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