US2651805A - Automobile door hinge - Google Patents

Automobile door hinge Download PDF

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Publication number
US2651805A
US2651805A US44359A US4435948A US2651805A US 2651805 A US2651805 A US 2651805A US 44359 A US44359 A US 44359A US 4435948 A US4435948 A US 4435948A US 2651805 A US2651805 A US 2651805A
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United States
Prior art keywords
hinge
door
spring
leaf spring
portions
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Expired - Lifetime
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US44359A
Inventor
Ray A Laible
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HENNEY MOTOR Co Inc
HENNEY MOTOR COMPANY Inc
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HENNEY MOTOR Co Inc
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Priority to US44359A priority Critical patent/US2651805A/en
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E05LOCKS; KEYS; WINDOW OR DOOR FITTINGS; SAFES
    • E05DHINGES OR SUSPENSION DEVICES FOR DOORS, WINDOWS OR WINGS
    • E05D5/00Construction of single parts, e.g. the parts for attachment
    • E05D5/02Parts for attachment, e.g. flaps
    • E05D5/06Bent flaps
    • E05D5/062Bent flaps specially adapted for vehicles
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E05LOCKS; KEYS; WINDOW OR DOOR FITTINGS; SAFES
    • E05DHINGES OR SUSPENSION DEVICES FOR DOORS, WINDOWS OR WINGS
    • E05D11/00Additional features or accessories of hinges
    • E05D11/10Devices for preventing movement between relatively-movable hinge parts
    • E05D11/1014Devices for preventing movement between relatively-movable hinge parts for maintaining the hinge in only one position, e.g. closed
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E05LOCKS; KEYS; WINDOW OR DOOR FITTINGS; SAFES
    • E05FDEVICES FOR MOVING WINGS INTO OPEN OR CLOSED POSITION; CHECKS FOR WINGS; WING FITTINGS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR, CONCERNED WITH THE FUNCTIONING OF THE WING
    • E05F5/00Braking devices, e.g. checks; Stops; Buffers
    • E05F5/02Braking devices, e.g. checks; Stops; Buffers specially for preventing the slamming of swinging wings during final closing movement, e.g. jamb stops
    • E05F5/022Braking devices, e.g. checks; Stops; Buffers specially for preventing the slamming of swinging wings during final closing movement, e.g. jamb stops specially adapted for vehicles, e.g. for hoods or trunks
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E05LOCKS; KEYS; WINDOW OR DOOR FITTINGS; SAFES
    • E05YINDEXING SCHEME RELATING TO HINGES OR OTHER SUSPENSION DEVICES FOR DOORS, WINDOWS OR WINGS AND DEVICES FOR MOVING WINGS INTO OPEN OR CLOSED POSITION, CHECKS FOR WINGS AND WING FITTINGS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR, CONCERNED WITH THE FUNCTIONING OF THE WING
    • E05Y2900/00Application of doors, windows, wings or fittings thereof
    • E05Y2900/50Application of doors, windows, wings or fittings thereof for vehicles
    • E05Y2900/53Application of doors, windows, wings or fittings thereof for vehicles characterised by the type of wing
    • E05Y2900/531Doors
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E05LOCKS; KEYS; WINDOW OR DOOR FITTINGS; SAFES
    • E05YINDEXING SCHEME RELATING TO HINGES OR OTHER SUSPENSION DEVICES FOR DOORS, WINDOWS OR WINGS AND DEVICES FOR MOVING WINGS INTO OPEN OR CLOSED POSITION, CHECKS FOR WINGS AND WING FITTINGS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR, CONCERNED WITH THE FUNCTIONING OF THE WING
    • E05Y2900/00Application of doors, windows, wings or fittings thereof
    • E05Y2900/50Application of doors, windows, wings or fittings thereof for vehicles
    • E05Y2900/53Application of doors, windows, wings or fittings thereof for vehicles characterised by the type of wing
    • E05Y2900/546Tailgates
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T16/00Miscellaneous hardware [e.g., bushing, carpet fastener, caster, door closer, panel hanger, attachable or adjunct handle, hinge, window sash balance, etc.]
    • Y10T16/52Hinge
    • Y10T16/54Hinge including means to hold or retard hinged members against pivotal movement [e.g., catch]
    • Y10T16/5402Resiliently biased catch
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T292/00Closure fasteners
    • Y10T292/08Bolts
    • Y10T292/0801Multiple
    • Y10T292/0814Double acting
    • Y10T292/0817Spring arm

Description

SePtl5, 1953 R. A: LAIBLE 265l,805
AUTOMOBILE DOOR HINGE Filed Aug 14. 1948 f 111111 & 491111111111 Patented Sept. 15, 1953 AUTOMOBILE DOOR HINGE Rayl A. Laible, Freeport, Ill., assignor of one-half to Henney Motor Company, Inc., Freeport, Ill., a corporation of New York Application August 14, 1948, Serial No. 44,359
4 Claims.
vmeans incorporated therein.
Hinges embodying hold-open and/or stop means are, of course, well known generally speaking. However, many designs have not been practical either because of the undesirable effect upon the operation of the door, or because of the uncertainty of operation of the hold-open means, or the likelihood of breakage or quick wearing out of the part or parts relied upon, bearing in mind the fact that these parts are necessarily subjected to heavy load even under ideal operating conditions and rather violent shocks and jars under average conditions. The automobile manufacturers are, moreover, demandingr that the hold-open and stop means add Very little, if any, to the total cost of the hinge assembly, which, therefore, imposes a further serious limitation upon the design and construction of a commercially acceptable item of this kind. In the designing of the present hinge, all of these things had to be taken into consideration fully, with the result that I have provided a leaf spring on the inner hinge member having spaced arcuate end portions which are yieldable to admit therebetween the stop pin provided on the outer hinge member, so that the spring cushions the door as it reaches its limit of opening movement by exerting resistance to entry of the stop pin between the end portions, the stop pin serving, of course, positively to limit the opening movement, and the spring serving thereafter as a hold-open means yieldably resisting closing of .the door. This construction meets the automobile manufacturers requirements as to strength and durability and the hinge manufacturers requirements as t-o low cost of production, besides meeting the motorists requirements in regard to the door checking, stopping, and hold-open functions, which are performed positively and yet quietly and smoothly and without making the operation of the door the least bit diiiicult or awkward;
The invention is illustrated in the accompanying drawing, in which- Fig. l shows an automobile door hinge, in horizontal section, equipped with a leaf spring and cooperating stop pin for hold-open, check, and stop purposes, in accordance with my invention, the hinge being shown in full lines fully opened, so as better to illustrate the operation, the closed position being indicated in dotted lines;
Fig. 2 is a vertical sectional detail on the line 2--2 of Fig. 1;
Fig. 3 is an isolated face view of the leaf spring, and
Fig. 4 is a fragmentary sectional detail corresponding to a portion of Fig. 1, but showing a modified or alternative construction.
Similar reference numerals are applied to corresponding parts in these four views.
Referring rst to Figs. l to 3, the reference numeral 5 designates the outer, generally U-shaped, sheet metal hinge member that is mounted on the body of the automobile, and 6 the inner hinge member that is mounted on the door. The outer hinge member Ei being U-shaped provides opposed, substantially horizontal, parallel walls l and 8 interconnected by a substantially vertical wall 9. Embossed portions on the horizontal walls 'I and 8 form supports for the hinge pintle I9 received in a bearing hole II provided therefor in the inner end portion I2 of the inner hinge member 6. The walls l and 8 are also flanged outwardly at their outer ends to provide attaching portions for bolting, riveting, or otherwise securing the outer hinge member 5 to the body pillar. The generally U-shaped gooseneck portion I3 of the inner hinge member 6, of which the end portion I2 previously mentioned forms one side of the U, has a radius long enough so that the cross-portion I4 of the U clears the body pillar in the opening of the door, as clearly appears in Fig. l, the door being free to swing through approximately ninety degrees from closed to open position, as can be seen from a comparison of the full line and dotted line positions of the inner hinge member 6 in Fig. 1.
In'accordance with my invention, a stop pin I 5 is provided in the outer hinge member in right angle relation to the top and bottom walls l and 8, and having reduced end portions I6 entered in holes I'I in the inwardly1 embossed portions I8 `of said walls, the protruding portions of the pin being upset, as indicated at I 9, to rivet the pin I5 permanently to the outer hinge member 5. I am aware that pins similarly located have been provided before, but, in accordance with my invention, this pin I 5 cooperates in a novel manner with the inwardly bent arcuate end portions 25J and 2| of a generally U-shaped leaf spring 22 that is fastened to the outer side of the inner end portion I2 of the inner hinge member 5, as by means of a pair of bolts 23 entered through registering holes 24 and 25 provided in the spring 22 and hinge member and threaded in holes provided in the opposite end portions of the elongated nut 26. Lock washers 2? are provided under the heads of the bolts to minimize likelihood of their loosening in service. The nut 25 forms an abutment on the inner hinge member 6 for the stop pin I5, to positively limit the door opening movement, and the arcuate end portions 20 and 2| of the leaf spring 22 are so spaced in relation to the diameter of the striker or stop pin I that the leaf spring cushions the door` at the limit of opening movement instead of permitting the hinge member 6 to strike the pin I5 noisily and with a pronounced shock and jar, there being suiiicient resistance afforded by the spreading of the end portions 2U and 2! in the entry of the stop pin I5 therebetween to give this doorchecking action. Once the stop pin l5 has passed through between the arcuate end portions .and 2| of the leaf spring 22, it immediately encounters the abutment nut 26, which, of course, positively limits door opening movement, and the leaf spring 22 thereafter serves only as a holdopen means to resist closing of the door, it beingv manifest that the end portions 20 and 2| serve as hold-open means because they must be spread apart again in the initial closing movement of the door to allow the pin l5 to pass. The arrangement lust described could, of course, be reversed, locating the stop pin I5 on the inner hinge member i5 and the leaf spring 2?. on the outer hinge member, but it is obvious that the arrangement described and illustrated is preferable. Then too, the leaf spring 22 may be mounted on the outer hinge member and cooperate directly with the inner hinge member, when the latter is made of bar stocir. of a size to engage wedgingly between the ends 'xiii-'2l of the leaf spring, similarly as the pin in Fig. l. Also. the arcuate end portions 2|] and 2| instead of being bent inwardly as shown could be bent outwardly, although there again, the construction described and illustrated is preferable.
In Fig. 4i I have shown another construction, in which the same hinge members 5a and te are provided, and the same forni of leaf spring 22 is mounted on the inner hinge member 6a by means of a pair of bolts 23 and a single elongated nut 26. However this hinge has, instead of the stop pin l5, a formed sheet metal striker I5a fastened on opposed bent in ears 28 provided on the upper and lower walls of the outer hinge member 5a, as by rivets 28. The striker 55a has a head portion 30 of hollow diamond shape on the end of a supporting shank portion 3|, that has outwardly projecting attaching fianges 32 for riveting to the ears 28 of the hinge member 5a. The diamond shape of the head portion that enters between the arcuate end portions 20 and 2| of the leaf spring 22 is of advantage from the standpoint of easier spreading of the arcuate end portions 2D and 2| of the leaf spring, both in entering and leaving the leaf spring in the opening and closing movements of the door, so that a stiffer leaf spring can be provided having a better doorchecking action and a firmer hold-open action, without interfering with the easy operation of the door. Here again, it must be understood that the arrangement could be reversed, the striker I5a being provided on the inner hinge member instead of on the outer, and the spring 22 being provided on the outer hinge member instead of on the inner one. Also, the leaf spring 22 could be provided with reverse bending of the arcuate end portions 20 and 2|.
It is believed that the foregoing description conveys a good understanding of the objects and advantages of my invention. The appended claims have been drawn to cover all legitimate modifications and adaptations.
I claim:
l. A combined door-hinging, door-stopping, and door-holding device comprising a stationary outer hinge member of generally U-shaped form for mounting in a door supporting structure, an inner hinge member of gooseneck form attachable to a door and pivoted at its gooseneck end by a pintle between the arms of the U-shaped outer hinge member, a generally U-shaped leaf spring disposed with both arms of its U in the longtud nal plane of the gooseneck and fastened by its cross-portion to one side of the gooseneck in radially spaced relation to the pintle with the arms of the U-spring in part extending forwardly .from the gooseneck in the direction of door opening movement, the outer end portions of the arms of the U-spring being formed to define with respec to a narrow throat in the open end of the U-spring opposed outwardly diverging walls and opposed inwardly diverging walls, and a cooperating striker ixedly mounted between the arms of the U-shaped outer hinge member in the path of swinging movement and at what corresponds to the onen position of the gooseneck. said striker being of a width slightly greater than that of the narrow throat defined in the open end of said U-spring and arranged to have wedging engagement between said outwardly diverging walls in the opening of the door so as to spread the arms of said U-spring apart for a door checking action, striker after passing through the throat having abutment within the U-spring positively to limit door opening movement and having Contact with the inwardly diverging walls as to hold the door open.
2. A combined door-hinging, door-stopping, and door-holding device comprising a stationary outer hinge member of generally U-shaped form for mounting in a door supporting structure, an inner hinge member of gooseneclr form attachable to a door and pivoted at its goosenecl' end by a pintle between the arms of the U-sbaped outer hinge member, a generally U-shaped leaf spring disposed with both arms of its U in the longitudinal plane of the gooseneck and fastened by its cross-portion to one side of the gooseneck in radially spaced relation to the pintle with the arms of the U-spring in part extending forwardly from the gooseneck in the direction of door opening movement, the outer end portions of the arms of the U-spring being formed to define with respect to a narrow throat in the open end of the U-spring opposed outwardly diverging walls and opposed inwardly diverging walls, and a cooperating cylindrical striker pin Xedly mounted at its ends to the arms of the U-shaped outer hinge member in the path of swinging movement and at what corresponds to the open position of the gooseneck, said striker pin being of a diameter greater than the width of the narrow throat defined in the open end of said U -spring and adapted to have wedging engagement between said outwardly diverging walls in the opening of the door so as to spread the arms of said U-spring apart for a door checking action, said striker pin after passing through the throat having abutment within the U-spring positively to limit door opening movement and having contact with the inwardly diverging walls so as to hold the door open.
3. A device as set forth in claim 1, wherein the means for fastening the U-shaped leaf spring by its cross-portion to the outer side of the gooseneck comprises a pair of bolts entered through holes provided in the gooseneck and registering holes provided in the cross-portion of said spring and threaded in registering holes provided in an elongated nut disposed within said U-shaped spring in abutment with the cross-portion, said nut being positively held against turning relative to either of said bolts by the other of said bolts and being so disposed relative to said throat and being of such size in relation to said U-spring and striker to serve as an abutment for said striker positively limiting opening of the door with the striker in engagement with the inwardly diverging walls of the open end of the U-spring.
4. A device as set forth in claim 2, wherein the means for fastening the U -shaped leaf spring by its cross-portion to the outer side of the gooseneck comprises a pair of bolts entered through holes provided in the gooseneck and registering holes provided in the cross-portion of said spring and threaded in registering holes provided in an elongated nut disposed Within said U-shaped spring in abutment with the cross-portion, said nut being dispos-ed parallel to said striker pin and arranged for abutment of the pin the full 20 length of one side of said nut, said nut being positively held against turning relative to either of said bolts by the other of said bolts, said nut :be-
ing so disposed relative to said throat and being of such size in relation to said U-spring and striker pin to serve as an abutment for said striker pin positively limiting opening of the door with the striker pin in engagement With the inwardly diverging Walls of the open end of the U-spring.
RAY A. LAIBLE.
References Cited in the le of this patent UNTTED STATES PATENTS Number Name Date 319,532 Weaver June 6, 1885 444,019 Richards Jan. 6, 1891 464,884 Liming Dec. 8, 1891 548,501 Barbarow Oct. 22, 1895 919,154 Gen Apr. 20, 1909 1,650,598 Brooks Nov. 29, 1927 2,314,416 Muldoon Mar. 23, 1943 2,342,531 Dean Feb. 22, 1944 2,343,810 Schonitzer Mar. 7, 1944 2,354,789 Atwood Aug. 1, 1944
US44359A 1948-08-14 1948-08-14 Automobile door hinge Expired - Lifetime US2651805A (en)

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Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2962319A (en) * 1958-10-13 1960-11-29 Nat Lock Co Cabinet guide and catch assembly
US2962751A (en) * 1957-04-29 1960-12-06 Gen Motors Corp Door hinge assembly
US2987754A (en) * 1959-05-27 1961-06-13 Gen Motors Corp Door hinge check and hold open
US3025093A (en) * 1960-03-28 1962-03-13 Ran Findings Company Turn locks
US3146487A (en) * 1961-09-22 1964-09-01 L W Menzimer Door hinges with friction type hold-open means
US6079081A (en) * 1998-11-18 2000-06-27 Cormark, Inc. Door mount assembly for storage rack
US20110025087A1 (en) * 2009-07-29 2011-02-03 Volvo Group North America, Inc. Hinged access door system

Citations (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US319532A (en) * 1885-06-09 Door-check
US444019A (en) * 1891-01-06 Marcius c
US464884A (en) * 1891-12-08 Shutter-fastener
US548501A (en) * 1895-10-22 Shutter-fastener
US919154A (en) * 1908-10-17 1909-04-20 Anthony Gen Blind-hinge.
US1650598A (en) * 1926-07-13 1927-11-29 George W Brooks Service door locker
US2314416A (en) * 1942-04-02 1943-03-23 Ternstedt Mfg Co Door-hold-open device
US2342531A (en) * 1940-04-01 1944-02-22 Ternstedt Mfg Co Combined door hinge and hold open
US2343810A (en) * 1940-08-02 1944-03-07 Rudolph I Schonitzer Combined door-hinging, door-checking, and door-holding device
US2354789A (en) * 1940-08-26 1944-08-01 Atwood Vacuum Machine Co Automobile door hinge

Patent Citations (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US319532A (en) * 1885-06-09 Door-check
US444019A (en) * 1891-01-06 Marcius c
US464884A (en) * 1891-12-08 Shutter-fastener
US548501A (en) * 1895-10-22 Shutter-fastener
US919154A (en) * 1908-10-17 1909-04-20 Anthony Gen Blind-hinge.
US1650598A (en) * 1926-07-13 1927-11-29 George W Brooks Service door locker
US2342531A (en) * 1940-04-01 1944-02-22 Ternstedt Mfg Co Combined door hinge and hold open
US2343810A (en) * 1940-08-02 1944-03-07 Rudolph I Schonitzer Combined door-hinging, door-checking, and door-holding device
US2354789A (en) * 1940-08-26 1944-08-01 Atwood Vacuum Machine Co Automobile door hinge
US2314416A (en) * 1942-04-02 1943-03-23 Ternstedt Mfg Co Door-hold-open device

Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2962751A (en) * 1957-04-29 1960-12-06 Gen Motors Corp Door hinge assembly
US2962319A (en) * 1958-10-13 1960-11-29 Nat Lock Co Cabinet guide and catch assembly
US2987754A (en) * 1959-05-27 1961-06-13 Gen Motors Corp Door hinge check and hold open
US3025093A (en) * 1960-03-28 1962-03-13 Ran Findings Company Turn locks
US3146487A (en) * 1961-09-22 1964-09-01 L W Menzimer Door hinges with friction type hold-open means
US6079081A (en) * 1998-11-18 2000-06-27 Cormark, Inc. Door mount assembly for storage rack
US20110025087A1 (en) * 2009-07-29 2011-02-03 Volvo Group North America, Inc. Hinged access door system

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