US2627433A - Door latch - Google Patents

Door latch Download PDF

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Publication number
US2627433A
US2627433A US104719A US10471949A US2627433A US 2627433 A US2627433 A US 2627433A US 104719 A US104719 A US 104719A US 10471949 A US10471949 A US 10471949A US 2627433 A US2627433 A US 2627433A
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United States
Prior art keywords
latch
door
keeper
arm
pin
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
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US104719A
Inventor
Willis E Wolfe
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Willis E Wolfe
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Publication date
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Priority to US104719A priority Critical patent/US2627433A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of US2627433A publication Critical patent/US2627433A/en
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E05LOCKS; KEYS; WINDOW OR DOOR FITTINGS; SAFES
    • E05CBOLTS OR FASTENING DEVICES FOR WINGS, SPECIALLY FOR DOORS OR WINDOWS
    • E05C3/00Fastening devices with bolts moving pivotally or rotatively
    • E05C3/12Fastening devices with bolts moving pivotally or rotatively with latching action
    • E05C3/16Fastening devices with bolts moving pivotally or rotatively with latching action with operating handle or equivalent member moving otherwise than rigidly with the latch
    • E05C3/22Fastening devices with bolts moving pivotally or rotatively with latching action with operating handle or equivalent member moving otherwise than rigidly with the latch the bolt being spring controlled
    • E05C3/30Fastening devices with bolts moving pivotally or rotatively with latching action with operating handle or equivalent member moving otherwise than rigidly with the latch the bolt being spring controlled in the form of a hook
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T292/00Closure fasteners
    • Y10T292/08Bolts
    • Y10T292/0911Hooked end
    • Y10T292/0926Spring projected
    • Y10T292/0928Operating means
    • Y10T292/0933Push or pull rod
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T292/00Closure fasteners
    • Y10T292/08Bolts
    • Y10T292/0911Hooked end
    • Y10T292/0945Operating means
    • Y10T292/0951Rigid
    • Y10T292/0956Sliding catch

Description

Patented Feb. 3, 1953 UNITED STATES PATENT CFFICE 1 Claim. 1

This invention relates to door latches and particularly to door latches adapted for use on screen and storm doors and the like.

I have noticed that most conventional screen or storm door latches are unsatisfactory in their operation and this has largely been due to the fact that they are limited in size and weight by the thin wood construction desirable in doors of this type. The result is that knob or lever latches operated by a rotary action tend to jam. Further, the small size of the knob or latch lever in a door mechanism operated by rotary motion makes it difficult to apply the amount of twisting force necessary to overcome the large amount of friction of the cooperating parts.

One object of the present invention is to provide a latch that is operated by a push-pull action transmitted through the door knobs.

Another object of the invention is to provide a latch which has sufficient size and weight to give smooth working action of the various cooperating parts regardless of the door thickness.

A third object of the invention is to provide a latch operated by a push-pull action in which the operating force is applied in the same direction as the direction of swing of the door being opened.

Still another object of the invention is to provide a door latch which with minor adjustments is adaptable to any thickness oi door.

Other and more specific objects Will become apparent in the following detailed description of one form of device made in accordance with the present invention, having reference to the accompanying drawing, wherein:

Fig. V1 .is an end elevational view of the door latch mechanism mounted on a screen or storm door that is fragmentarily illustrated.

Fig. 2 is -a` horizontal sectional view taken on the line 2-2 of Fig. 1 showing the tensioned knob-operated reciprocating shaft for actuating the door latch.

Fig. 3 is a section on the line 3-3 of Fig. 2.

In the invention herein disclosed, the reference character 8 designates the door stop of a standard door frame and the numeral 'l represents the vertical rail of a screen or storm door 5. Secured to the outer face of the rail 'l is an escutcheon plate I3 and secured to the inner face is a mounting plate I4 which in the form of the invention illustrated serves for the support of the latch mechanism.

Through the door rail 'l and plates I3 and I4 there is reciprocably mounted a shaft 8 having an outer threaded end portion 9 and an inner threaded end portion Il). Threadedly engaged with said end portions 9 and IIJ are the: knobs II and I2 respectively.

It will be noted that the threaded bore of each A of the knobs I I and I2 extends as deeply into the knob as possible. This gives considerable margin for longitudinal movement of the knobs relative to the shaft and permits adjustment of the door latch mechanism for varying thickness of door stock. When the knobs II and I2 are properly positioned and adjusted to the doorI thick` ness they are locked against rotation on the shaft 8 by the lock nuts I6 and I'I.

On the outer end of the shaft 8, between the lock nut I8 and the escutcheon plate I3, if needed, is threaded an adapter bushing I5. This bushing need not be used when the latch mechanism is mounted on the thicker doors and is necessary only when the door stock is too thin to achieve proper adjustment by positioning of the knobs length. Adjacent the ends of the legs 24 and 25 are drilled suitably aligned holes for receiving a p lvot pin 26. The pivot pin may be held in posltlon in any suitable manner such as by cotter pins 2l.

Pivotally mounted within the legs 24 and 25 of the latch arm bracket 23 is a latch arm` 28. This latch arm is preferably formed of channelshaped stock having inwardly turned flanges 29 and 30. Near the outer end of the latch. arm 28 are rectangular shaped notches 3| cut into the flanges 28 and 3G, thereby forming at the outer end of each of said flanges latch noses 39 having the usual bevelled faces to ride over and be engaged with a keeper.

On the back face of the latch arm 28 and adjacent its inner end is mounted a forked lever 20. It will be noted that this lever has its inner end bent at an acute angle to form a ange 2I by means of which said lever is attached to the latch arm 28. The extended forked lever 28 thus intersects the axis of the shaft 8 at an angle slightly less than At the outer end of the lever arm 28 are bifurcated arms 22 straddling the shaft 3 and positioned as heretofore described.

The latch keeper 32 is attached by suitable means to the door stop 6, said keeper being substantially U-shaped and having outwardly extending legs 33 and 34 and an inwardly turned keeper flange 35. The latch keeper 32 is so positioned on the door stop 6 that the keeper flange 35 is normally positioned in the notches 3l rearwardly of the latch noses 39.

Adjacent the outer ends of the arms 33 and 34 of the latch keeper 32 are provided holes 35 for receiving a lock pin 3l. For suspending the pin 31 when it is not in operating position there is provided a chain 38, one end of which is attached to the keeper 32 and the other end to the upper portion of the pin 31.

The operation of the door latch mechanism is as follows. If the door is approached from the outside the knob I I is grasped with the fingers and a light pull exerted in the direction of opening of the door. The shaft 8 will thus be drawn outwardly, compressing the spring I9, and pressure will be exerted on the bifurcated arms of the forked lever 2). The latch arm 28 will then pivot about the pin 26 and the latch noses 39 will be disengaged from the latch keeper ange 35. When approached from the inside, pressure is exerted with the fingers on the knob I2 in the direction of opening of the door 5 and the latch is actuated as above described. When it is desired to lock the latch mechanism, the lock pin 37 is passed through the holes 33 of the latch keeper rearwardly of the latching end of the latch arm 28 to restrain movement of the latch relative to the keeper.

When the door 5 returns from the open to closed position, the bevelled portions of the latch noses 39 ride over the keeper flange 35, thus forcing out the latch arm 28 and compressing the spring I9. When the notches 3l are opposite the keeper flange 35 the latch arm will then snap into engaged position under the urging of the spring I9.

As evidenced by the drawing, the latching assembly and keeper are formed structurally from members of simple and standard shapes, these being readily fashioned; when assembled and positioned, the structure is of simple formation, sturdy in construction and simple in operation, the assembling and positioning activities being of simple nature. For instance, the actuator, formed of shaft or spindle B and the knobs II and I2 threaded thereto, permit application to doors differing in thickness, through the use of or mission of thimbles or bushings I5 without varying the latch assembly or keeper as to their positions, simply by adjusting the knobs on the shaft or spindle, the result being that the actuator will have the same range of movement in action, regardless of the thickness of the door, thus assuring that the assembly will operate in similar manner under all conditions, permitting the parts to be standardized structurally and assure sturdiness structurally and simplicity in operation.

The actuator is operable manually from either side of the door for movement in one direction at will, such movement releasing the latch engagement and permitting the door to open, the latch and operator parts returning to their normal positions in the assembly through the action of spring I9 when the manual control of the operator is ended, leaving the door in open position. When the door is moved to closing position, the latch assembly repeats this cycle of rocking the latch element and compressing the spring, doing this automatically by the action of the angled free end of the latching element cooperating with wall 35 of the keeper until the nose has passed the wall, whereupon the spring rocks the latching element to place the nose in latchingposition, thus completing the renewed cycle.

This cyclar development is only affected when pin 3l is in its locking position behind the latching element. ln this position the pin prevents rocking of the latch element and thus prevents any movement of the actuator from its normal position, so that the actuator cannot be moved while the pin is in such position, removal of the pin permitting the actuator to have its normal operating movement.

While there is herein shown the preferred form of my invention, many obvious modilcations in the form and arrangement of parts may be made without departing from the spirit and scope of this invention, as dened in the appended claim.

'What is claimed is:

In a door latch, a mounting plate adapted to be secured to the inner face of a door, a U-shaped latch arm bracket fixed on said mounting plate and having parallel side portions extending from the plate at right angles thereto, a pivot pin extending between and supported by said side portions, a latch arm having a pair of side flanges, said latch arm having one end extending between the side portions of the bracket and having its flanges engaged on said pivot pin, said latch arm having its free end bevelled and the flanges being notched adjacent the bevelled end adapted for engagement with a keeper, an operating arm projecting at an acute angle from said latch arm, spring means interposed between said mounting plate and operating arm and urging said latch arm into latching engagement with the keeper, and means to bias the operating arm against the action of said spring.

WELLS E. W OLFJ.

REFERENCES CITED The following referencesrare of record in the le of this patent:

UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Name Date 1,107,297 Grossmann Aug. 18, 1914 1,591,383 Herzing July 6, 1926 1,662,119 Lewis Mar. 13, 1928 1,662,255 Stuart et al Idar. 13, 1928 1,954,500 Sparks Apr. lil, 1934

US104719A 1949-07-14 1949-07-14 Door latch Expired - Lifetime US2627433A (en)

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US104719A US2627433A (en) 1949-07-14 1949-07-14 Door latch

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US104719A US2627433A (en) 1949-07-14 1949-07-14 Door latch

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US2627433A true US2627433A (en) 1953-02-03

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Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE1062573B (en) * 1954-05-22 1959-07-30 Daimler Benz Ag Closure means of pivot bolt for doors of vehicles, in particular motor vehicles
US3044287A (en) * 1960-03-08 1962-07-17 Eastern Malleable Iron Company Door control mechanism
US4375281A (en) * 1981-03-30 1983-03-01 The United States Of America As Represented By The Administrator Of The National Aeronautics And Space Administration Aircraft canopy lock
US4480862A (en) * 1981-11-27 1984-11-06 W & F Manufacturing, Inc. Latching and locking mechanism for sliding door
US5129691A (en) * 1991-08-20 1992-07-14 Mcfarlen Jonn Gate latch control device
US20110140402A1 (en) * 2009-12-10 2011-06-16 Henry Albert Lanting Folding Parking Stand
US10655365B2 (en) 2017-06-23 2020-05-19 Fenix Manufacturing Co., Llc Gate latch assembly

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1107297A (en) * 1913-05-20 1914-08-18 Julius Grossmann Lock.
US1591383A (en) * 1925-07-24 1926-07-06 Herzing John Closure latch
US1662255A (en) * 1926-10-20 1928-03-13 Thomas F Stuart Push catch for doors
US1662119A (en) * 1926-06-03 1928-03-13 Morgan J Lewis Door catch
US1954500A (en) * 1931-02-20 1934-04-10 George M Sparks Doorcatch

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1107297A (en) * 1913-05-20 1914-08-18 Julius Grossmann Lock.
US1591383A (en) * 1925-07-24 1926-07-06 Herzing John Closure latch
US1662119A (en) * 1926-06-03 1928-03-13 Morgan J Lewis Door catch
US1662255A (en) * 1926-10-20 1928-03-13 Thomas F Stuart Push catch for doors
US1954500A (en) * 1931-02-20 1934-04-10 George M Sparks Doorcatch

Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE1062573B (en) * 1954-05-22 1959-07-30 Daimler Benz Ag Closure means of pivot bolt for doors of vehicles, in particular motor vehicles
US3044287A (en) * 1960-03-08 1962-07-17 Eastern Malleable Iron Company Door control mechanism
US4375281A (en) * 1981-03-30 1983-03-01 The United States Of America As Represented By The Administrator Of The National Aeronautics And Space Administration Aircraft canopy lock
US4480862A (en) * 1981-11-27 1984-11-06 W & F Manufacturing, Inc. Latching and locking mechanism for sliding door
US5129691A (en) * 1991-08-20 1992-07-14 Mcfarlen Jonn Gate latch control device
US20110140402A1 (en) * 2009-12-10 2011-06-16 Henry Albert Lanting Folding Parking Stand
US8544885B2 (en) * 2009-12-10 2013-10-01 Deere & Company Folding parking stand
US10655365B2 (en) 2017-06-23 2020-05-19 Fenix Manufacturing Co., Llc Gate latch assembly

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