US2616219A - Toy bomb - Google Patents

Toy bomb Download PDF

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Publication number
US2616219A
US2616219A US130031A US13003149A US2616219A US 2616219 A US2616219 A US 2616219A US 130031 A US130031 A US 130031A US 13003149 A US13003149 A US 13003149A US 2616219 A US2616219 A US 2616219A
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United States
Prior art keywords
toy
cap
hammer
anvil
bomb
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
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US130031A
Inventor
Callen Harry
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CALLEN Manufacturing CORP
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CALLEN Manufacturing CORP
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Publication date
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Priority to US130031A priority Critical patent/US2616219A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of US2616219A publication Critical patent/US2616219A/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Application status is Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical

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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F42AMMUNITION; BLASTING
    • F42BEXPLOSIVE CHARGES, e.g. FOR BLASTING, FIREWORKS, AMMUNITION
    • F42B8/00Practice or training ammunition
    • F42B8/12Projectiles or missiles
    • F42B8/22Fall bombs

Description

- v INVENTOR. Harry CaZZe/z Nov. 4, 1952 H. CALLEN TOY BOMB Filed NOV. 29, 1949 Patented Nov. 4, 1952 mien-a ToYlBoMB Harry- Gall'em, Chicago}, 111.

assignonto Gallon Manufacturing Gorporation; -,Maywoodg ,Ill. Application November 29, 1949; Slerial'No; 1301031; 1;; Glaimr. (Cl. Ade-2.00)

Myflnventionrelat'es t'ortoys whiehnresadapted tmbe: thrown A01 struck:tozsecure -theziiringf; off a paperammunitiomcapr, One-welldmownziormwt suchi a.-. toysis :the firingrcane; in: which; azcap; is inserted near the: bottom. and; the; can struck against? thes: pavementto:-- accomplish:- the. firingv ofither cap Another :suchrtoyds'; a small device irn. which; the; cap; is; insertedr before:- the device isrtossedior:thrownrto'zthexgroundt In both cases, the receptaclea for: thee isxinadequate: to ine sure: the retentiomof'; the :cap; whenz-thewfiringzoithe-same takes-place; andtinwthe icaseazofxithecanea cleaninggoutrot the-'explodedicap isvdifficult; It '1311818101360I1B50bjfi0t of the present invention to provide a toy in the nature of a bomb which contains means: to;confine:the:v cap in the firing zone before the: toy; is: thrownroit dropped, sothat the escape'or loss of'the cap is;prevented when the firingaction takes place:

A further objectistoprovide-a?v toy of the above-character which pact-unitl-when in use.

Another; object is to design..the-novel:toy-"on lines "ofzsturdiness. and extreme2simplicityt.imordenthat noyzdifliculty may; beeexperiencedndnring itsshandlin'ggor use;

An: additional object is to design a toy of the above character whose components are locked when the firing of the cap takes place, and cannot be separated by the force of the firing action.

An important object is toy with a minimum number of parts consistent with its efficient construction and function, whereby to make the manufacture of the toy inexpensive.

forms-1a single andcomrto construct the novel With the above objects in view, and any others which may suggest themselves from the description to follow, a better understanding of the invention may be had by reference to the accompanying drawing, in which- Fig. 1 is an elevation of the toy in the bomb form while in the normal position prior to use;

Fig. 2 is a similar view, showing the toy set for use;

Figs. 3 and 4 tions on the lines figs. 5 and 6 are are, respectively, enlarged secanvil 2 l.

3-3 and 4-4 of Figs. 1 and 2; views similar to Figs. 1 and 2,

showing a modification of the toy in the form of a firing cane, portions of the latter being broken away; and 'I is sheet of ammunition caps.

,Referring specifically to the drawing, the novel toy a fragmental view of a conventional is essentially in bulbous form to simulate an I aerial torpedo. structurally, the toy is composed ofian upper section l 0 and' a lower one" ll. Both sections are of'cast metal; and the shank of'the upper-- one-is preferablyboredas: indicated an. I 2 to receive' a: plug I3 frcm the basell of :a: tailpiece l5" which* isaformed withthe usual vanes lfi i'n simulation ofthe: direction stabilizer-of an aerial torpedo; or: the tail piece may be; made integrally with the-section l 01 The-upper section H) isformedi with: a:. conical skirt: 20. simulating a bell: and the bottom sur-= face-30f the shank: 1011s; made=- flat, assuggestedatz2liv The lowersection: H15 of thentoy is-=designecl to serveaas ahammer inrespectto'theanvil formed by the: bottomiz leofitheiuppersection; f Thus; the hammer is designed to beepositionedfnormallyz'in spaced relation to: the: anvil 2:1 as in'dicated-i, in Fig: 1 leaving: a: space; in which: a; cap; eternfromatypical sheet 215 of ammunitiorrcaps may; berinsertedi, The'wcapszarezdefi'ned by? longitudi;- nalzandztransversev perforation lines 2.6,; sozthat each-,cap torn away is, of substantially square; form; and; capable; of: direct; insertion; between theahammer-andanviliofitheatoy asgindicatediiin: FigaB;

The. hammer H is. designed-Etc: her-supported from the section [0 by means consisting of a cross-pin 30 driven diametrically through the hammer and projecting from its sides, the end portions of the cross-pin cooperating with cams 3| formed in the walls of the bell 20. The cams form the floors of openings 33 communicating with the space in which the ammunition cap 24 is inserted. Also, the cams are of climbing form, with dwells 36 approaching a horizontal course. It is thus apparent from Figs. 1 and 2 that the partial rotation of the hammer base 21 in the direction indicated by the horizontal arrow will cause the pins 30 to climb the cams 3| and advance the hammer II in the direction of the Actually, the ammunition caps are much thinner than shown, so that eventually the cap shown inserted in Fig. 1 and subjected to the advance of the hammer H will be tightly compressed when the hammer has turned to the position of Fig. 2, where the pin 30 is in engagement with the dwells 36 and locks the hammer to the cap and anvil by wedging action. The assembly of the toy is now in a single unit, so to speak, with the cap confined between the hammer and the anvil. Thus, when the toy is directed into impact with a floor, pavement or other unyielding surface, such impact will cause the explosion of the cap with a loud report, accomplishing the function of the toy. The same result may be obtained when the toy is tossed upwardly into the air to simulate an aerial bomb upon descent, or when the toy is thrown with its base in the direction of a wall or post. The toy may also be modified to receive the staff 40 of a conventional firing cane instead of the tailpiece IS. The modified form of the toy is illustrated in Figs. and 6, and the toy will of course function by" the usual o eration of 'thecane.

The novel toy has a-number of advantageous features. Thus, the normal separation of the While I have described the invention along specific lines, various minor changes or refinements may be made therein without departing from its principle, and I reserve the right to employ all such changes and refinements as may come within the scope and spirit of the appended claim.

I claim:

3 A toy bomb comprising an: upper stem havhammer from the anvil leaves a sizable slot or passage between these parts for the easy insertion of the ammunition cap, the meeting surfaces of the hammer and anvil being of sufiicient size to overlie the medial oractive portion of the cap. The bas 21 then forms a convenient knob which may be rotated as previously described to firmly compress the cap between the hammer and anvil, so that the cap is fully confined between these parts. Further, the nature'of the cams 3| is such'as to impose a wedging' and positive locking eifect on the hammer, to the end that the same cannot loosen or creep into its former free state to expose the cap. The toy thus becomes a solid assembly by the adjustment just described, so that the cap cannot escape before it is fired; and its explosion is con fined between the hammer and anvil during the firing action. Yet, a simple return twist of the base 21 after the toy has been fired retracts the hammer sufficiently to permit its burned cap to be ejected with a fingernail, shaken out, or by the insertion of a new cap from behind. Further, it will be realized that the locking of the hammer to the anvil is positive to the ex-" tent of' maintaining these parts fixed against the-maximum explosive force of the cap, so that such force cannot cause the toy to separate or fly apart to possibly injuresurrounding persons or objects. The toy is therefore simple and safe to operate; and the nature of its parts enables it to'be manufactured at low cost. Finally, it will be noted that the base 2'! is enlarged from the hammer to combine with the section I!) as a bulbous body simulating an aerial bomb.

ing an enlarged'recessed base,'opposite wall portions of the latter being cut away to form oppositely-inclined cam surfaces which are steep along one portion and relatively fiat along another portion, an anvil at the bottom of the stem within the upper part of the base recess, a hammer movable in the recess relative to the anvil and having an enlarged base, a pin passing through the hammer and having end portions engaging the cam surfaces, a space being provided for the insertion of an ammunition cap when 'the'hammer and the anvil are spaced apart, whereby the hammer'on rotation .in one direction'advances toward the. anvil and compresses the cap thereagainst, the compressing action being effected when. said end portions are in engagementwith the relatively flat cam surfaces to hold the hammer in close proximity tothe anvil, the striking of the hammer base by'or against an' external object operating to detonate the cap, the hammer then being rotatable in reverse direction to facilitate the removal of the exploded cap from said space, and the hammer being inseparable from the stem base;

' I HARRY CALLEN.

REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the file of this patent: I

UNITED STATES'PATENTS Date Number Name 332,063 Dixon Dec. 8, 1885 433,427 Vogel et al. -1 July 29, 1890 1,258,682- Hood Mar. 12, 1918 2,428,092 Ramirez Sept. 30, 1947 2,503,360

Stephenson Apr. 11, 1950

US130031A 1949-11-29 1949-11-29 Toy bomb Expired - Lifetime US2616219A (en)

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3183623A (en) * 1963-05-13 1965-05-18 Callen Eugene Toy bombs
US5928049A (en) * 1997-08-26 1999-07-27 Hudson; Robert H. Toy dart

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US332063A (en) * 1885-12-08 Hekry m
US433427A (en) * 1890-07-29 Julius vogel and james brooks
US1258682A (en) * 1915-07-06 1918-03-12 H S H Mfg Company Inc Radiator-filler cap.
US2428092A (en) * 1945-10-23 1947-09-30 Carlos A Ramirez Toy aerial bomb
US2503360A (en) * 1948-10-28 1950-04-11 Thomas S Stephenson Explosive toy bomb

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US332063A (en) * 1885-12-08 Hekry m
US433427A (en) * 1890-07-29 Julius vogel and james brooks
US1258682A (en) * 1915-07-06 1918-03-12 H S H Mfg Company Inc Radiator-filler cap.
US2428092A (en) * 1945-10-23 1947-09-30 Carlos A Ramirez Toy aerial bomb
US2503360A (en) * 1948-10-28 1950-04-11 Thomas S Stephenson Explosive toy bomb

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3183623A (en) * 1963-05-13 1965-05-18 Callen Eugene Toy bombs
US5928049A (en) * 1997-08-26 1999-07-27 Hudson; Robert H. Toy dart

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