US2590929A - Railing - Google Patents

Railing Download PDF

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Publication number
US2590929A
US2590929A US786873A US78687347A US2590929A US 2590929 A US2590929 A US 2590929A US 786873 A US786873 A US 786873A US 78687347 A US78687347 A US 78687347A US 2590929 A US2590929 A US 2590929A
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Prior art keywords
pales
rails
railing
end
channel
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US786873A
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William W Bush
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William W Bush
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04FFINISHING WORK ON BUILDINGS, e.g. STAIRS, FLOORS
    • E04F11/00Stairways, ramps, or like structures; Balustrades; Handrails
    • E04F11/18Balustrades; Handrails
    • E04F11/181Balustrades

Description

April l, 1952 w. w. BUSH 22,590,929

RAILING Filed NOV. 19, 1947 WIBIYLIHM' W. BU5H,

ATTRNEY Patented Apr. 1, 1952 RAILING William W. Bush, Essex Fells, N. J.

Application November 19, 1947, Serial No. 786,873

Claims.

This invention relates in general to railing, and while the invention particularly contemplates metal railing for use on inside stairways, balconies, and the like, the invention may be embodied in railing for other purposes.

One object of the invention is to provide a railing comprising upper and lower rails and pales embodying novel and improved features of construction, whereby the rails and pales can be prefabricated individually, transported in knocked- 'downor disassembled condition, and easily and quickly assembled or put together at the site of installation of the railing with a minimum of labor and at low cost.

-Further objects are to provide a novel and improved railing of this character wherein the pales can be assembled in the rails by simply sliding the pales longitudinally into the rails from one end thereof; and to provide novel and improved means for spacing the pales, and for permitting varia tions in the spacing and shapes of the pales, i

whereby the designs of the railing may be modiiied with a minimum of diiculty and expense.

Another object of the invention is to provide railing of the general character described which shall include a novel and improved construction, combination and arrangement of top andbottom rails and pales whereby the railing can be adapted to stairways of diierent slopes or angles, and the pales shall be held in the desired spaced relation to each other by spacer plates that shall at the same time brace the pales at the desired angle relative to the rails.

Other objects of the invention are to provide in such railing novel and improved means for fas-` tening the upper and lower rails to supporting posts; to provide railing of this character that can be rapidly assembled with a minimum of fastener elements; to provide a novel and improved post for Such railing and means for securing it to a support, such as a floor; and to obtain other objects, results and advantages that will be brought out by the following description in conjunction with the accompanying drawings, in which Figure 1 is a side elevational view of a section or unit ofv railing embodying my invention;

Figure 2 is an enlarged fragmentary side elevational view of one end of the railing unit shownV in Figure 1, with portions shown in central longiw tudinal vertical section;

Figure 3 is a transverse vertical sectional view, taken approximately on the planes of the line 3 3 of Figure 2;

Figure 4 is an enlarged fragmentarytransverse vertical sectional view, approximately on the plane of the line 4-4 of Figure 2;

Figures 5 and 6 are fragmentary sectional elevational views, showing the arrangement of the upper and lower rails, and pales for stairways of different angles or inclinations, and

l Figure 7 is an exploded fragmentary perspective view of the lower portion of the railing post.

Specifically describing the illustrated embodiment of the invention, the railing comprises lower and upper rails I-and 2 that are mounted on and between posts 3 which are in turn adapted to be secured to a support, such as a floor 4. The two rails l and 2 are channel-shaped and'identieal in construction and open at both ends, but the upper rail has its channel 5 facing downwardly while the channel 5 of the lower rail faces upwardly. `In actual manufacture, these rails would be cut from long bars of material to the length desired for a given railing unit, such as shown in Figure 1. The channels 5 are of a width slightly greater than the width 0f the pales 6 that are mounted between the rails I and 2, so that the pales can be`l freely slid laterally into each channel 5 from either end of the channel. The pales may be of any suitable construction, either straight or curved, but are shown as comprising straight metal tubes, square in cross section. For securing the pales in the rails, each rail has a longitudinal rib 'l extending from end to end and inwardly from at least one side wall of its channel, preferably both walls, and each pale G has adjacent each end thereof slots 8 to receive the respective ribs 1, so that when the pales are slid laterally into the channels 5 of the rails with one of the ribs 'l in each of the slots 3 of each pale, the pales will be connected and held against endwise. movement relatively to the rails.

For spacing the pales and holding them against lateral movement, or in a direction lengthwise of the rails, a spacer element is arranged between each two adjacent pales and, as shown, spacer plates 5 are slidable endwise into longitudinal grooves IB in the` side walls of the respective channels 5, there being also one of said spacer plates in each rail between the endmost pale and the adjacent post 3, as best shown in Figure 2 of the rawing. Thus, the pales may be held firmly in the desired spaced relation to each other and to the posts, and by simply varying the lengths of the spacer plates, the spacing of the pales may be varied to provide different designs. 1f desired, bent orcurved or ornamental pales may be used, thereby vmaking possible the construction of railings in a widevariety of designs.

-The rails I Vand 2 may be connected to the posts 3 in any suitable manner, but I have shown angle pieces II each having one arm fitted into the channel of the corresponding rail and clamped at one side of the ribs 'I by a bolt I2, while the other arm is secured by a bolt I3 to the post 3. It will be understood that in fabricating and assembling the parts, the rails may be of such length that when they are connected to the posts as described, the angle pieces II are tightly pushed against the endmost spacer plates so that the latter will be tightly pushed against the endmost pales and the other pales and spacer plates will be forced into tightly abutting relation. With this construction, the pales and rails will be firmly held together and to the posts by the angle pieces which serve as clamping elements.

Where the railing is to be used on stairways or other sloping surfaces, rails of the same construction as the rails I and 2 are utilized, and the pales may be the same except that the slots in the pales and the ends of the pales are cut obliquely or in inclined relation to the longitudinal axes of the pales; and the slots are shaped so that the rails may be arranged at different angles to the horizontal as may be necessary to accommodate the stairway or slop-ing surface on which the rail is mounted. Figure 5 shows the rails disposed at one angle to the horizontal, while Figure 6 shows the rails at another angle. The pales I6 are identical in each case, and the upper and lower sides I5 and I6 of the slots I'I in the pales are disposed at angles to each other that constitute the difference between the low rail angle of Figure 5 and the high or steep rail angle of Figure 6, said upper and lower sides of the slots at the narrow ends of the latter being spaced apart a distance slightly greater than the thickness of the ribs 7 on the rails.

With such a construction, after the pales have been assembled in the rails, the railing may be adjusted to the required angle by simply racking the upper and lower rails. In this construction, the spacer plates 9 back up or brace the palings at the set angle when the rails are secured to the posts 3. Of course, the ends of the rails must be beveled and the angles of th'e arms of the angle pieces II must also be modified to conform to the angles of meeting of the ends of the rails and the vertical side walls of the posts.

In some cases, it may be desirable to provide an ornamental or reenforcing cap on the upper rail, and for this purpose, the rails may have exterior longitudinal flanges I8 over which an inverted channel-shaped cap I9 may be slid, the side walls of the channel having grooves to slidably receive the flanges I 8.

The post may be secured to the supports, such as floors, in any suitable manner, but preferably the post is polygonal in cross section and is cut away transversely of its angles at its lower end, as indicated at 2|', so as to form ears 22 to slip through an opening 23 in a foot plate 24 with shoulders 25, that are formed by the cut-away portions 2l, resting on the top of the foot plate. After the ears 22 have been inserted through the opening 23, they are bent outwardly beneath the foot plate, as indicated at 26 in Figure 2, and then the assembled post and foot plate are set upon a base plate 2l with a spacer ring 28 between the foot plate and the base plate to compensate for the thickness of the `ears 22. The plates are then secured together and to the support or floor by any suitable means, such as bolts or lag screws 29. If desired, the base plate 21 may be omitted.

While I have shown and described the invention as embodied in certain details of construction, it should be understood that this is primarily for the purpose of illustrating the principles of the invention and that many modifications and changes can be made in the structure of the railing within the spirit and scope of the invention.

Having thus described the invention, what I claim is:

1. Railing comprising channel-shaped upper and lower rails whose channels face each other` and open through the ends of the rails, a rib extending longitudinally from end to end of each rail and projecting into the channel from a side Wall thereof, pales whose end portions are slidable laterally into said channels respectively through the open ends thereof and which have transverse slots through which said rib extends to interlock said pales with said rails, said rails having longitudinal grooves in the side walls of said channels, 4and spacer plates mounted in said grooves between said pales to hold the pales in predetermined spaced relation.

2. Railing comprising channel-shaped upper and lower rails whose channels face each other and open through the ends of the rails, a rib extending longitudinally from end to end of each rail and projecting into the channel from a side wall thereof, pales whose end portions are disposed within said channels respectively and have transverse slots through which said rib extends to interiock said pales with said rails, longitudinal grooves in the side walls of said channels, a spacer plate mounted to slide in said grooves between each two adjacent pales of each rail, and similar spacer plates between each of the endmost pales and the corresponding end of the rail, and a clamping element on each end of each rail abutting the outer end of the adjacent spacer plate, at least one of said elements on each rail being adjustable longitudinally of the rail, whereby said clamping elements may be tightly pushed against the endmost spacer plates so that the latter will be tightly pushed against the endmost pales and the other pales and spacer plates will be forced into tightly abutting relation and firmly clamped yand held against movement relatively to said rails.

3. Railing comprising upper and lower rails, a plurality of pales, means connecting the ends of said pales to said rails respectively with the rails movable while so connected into diierent angular relations to said pales, and means holding said pales in predetermined spaced relation to each other, two posts, means connecting the ends of said rails to said posts to hold the rails in a desired angular relation to said pales, yand spacer elements between adjacent pales and between the endmost pales and the respective posts.

4. Railing comprising upper and lower rails, a plurality of pales, means connecting the ends of said pales to said rails respectively with the rails movable while so connected into different angular relations to said pales, and means holding said pales in predetermined spaced relation to each other, said rails being channel-shaped, the upper and lower ends of the pales being dis posed in the respective channels, and the second-named means including a longitudinal rib on one side wall of and projecting into said channel and into transverse slots in said pales, each slot being of slightly greater width at one end than said rib and wider at its other end and the slot at one end of each pale being arranged reversely to the slot at the other end of the pale.

5. Railing comprising upper and lower rails.

aaodeao -ing said pales in predetermined spaced relation to each other, said rails being channel-shaped, the'upper and lower ends of the pales being disposed in the respective channels, and the second-named means including a longitudinal rib on one side Wall of and projecting into said channel and into transverse slots in said pales, each slot being'of slightly greater Width at one end than said rib and the opposite sides of said slots diverging from said end at an angle that represents the diierence between two angles of in- 15 `2,431,546

clination of said rails.

WILLIAM W. BUSH.

REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the le of this patent:

UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Name Date 297,295 Rogers Apr. 22, 1884 i 888,905 Johnson May 26, 1908 1,376,150 Miller Apr. 26, 1921 1,725,507 Clement Apr. 20, 1929 1,761,508 Williams June 3, 1930 1,895,186 Free Jan. 24, 1933 2,218,954 Gustafson Oct. 22, 1940 2,407,721 Nauert Sept. 17, 1946 Edwards Nov. 25, 1947

US786873A 1947-11-19 1947-11-19 Railing Expired - Lifetime US2590929A (en)

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Cited By (41)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2754092A (en) * 1950-02-25 1956-07-10 Leroy W Cremens Metallic hand railing
US2771276A (en) * 1954-02-08 1956-11-20 Jr Harry S Constance Metallic railing structure
DE1003937B (en) * 1954-04-23 1957-03-07 Aluminium A G Menziken Gelaenderkonstruktion, especially for stairs
US2840349A (en) * 1955-10-14 1958-06-24 Edward E Raymond Ornamental aluminum railing
US2905446A (en) * 1956-02-08 1959-09-22 Blumcraft Pittsburgh Clamping means for rail structures
US2932488A (en) * 1957-06-04 1960-04-12 Leighton G Dotson Building structures
US2945679A (en) * 1958-03-18 1960-07-19 Blumcraft Pittsburgh Composite metal and wood post structure
US2964146A (en) * 1955-02-07 1960-12-13 Benner Nawman Inc Telephone booth construction
US3083951A (en) * 1960-05-12 1963-04-02 Locke Mfg Company Interlocking ornamental railing
US3113760A (en) * 1960-01-29 1963-12-10 Locke Mfg Company Interlocking ornamental railing
US3136530A (en) * 1961-06-05 1964-06-09 Anchor Post Prod Privacy fence
US3246879A (en) * 1962-09-14 1966-04-19 Anchor Post Prod Railing constructions and parts therefor or the like
US3258251A (en) * 1964-10-12 1966-06-28 Culter Norman Knockdown adjustable railing construction
US3289381A (en) * 1964-06-26 1966-12-06 Blumcraft Pittsburgh Handrails
US3305221A (en) * 1964-08-17 1967-02-21 Eugene V Kling Guardrail construction
US3343811A (en) * 1965-10-11 1967-09-26 Edward J Kusel Heavy duty adjustable railing
US3357681A (en) * 1965-10-21 1967-12-12 Jr Thomas Souza Railing system
US3799506A (en) * 1972-04-14 1974-03-26 G Schwartz Fence
US3924834A (en) * 1972-08-08 1975-12-09 Charles G Young Balustrade units
US3942763A (en) * 1974-02-04 1976-03-09 A-T-O Inc. Adjustable wrought iron railing assembly
US3977147A (en) * 1974-10-25 1976-08-31 Nasa Flanged major modular assembly jig
US3991982A (en) * 1973-09-14 1976-11-16 Yoshida Kogyo Kabushiki Kaisha Balustrade with means for connection of balusters to a rail
US4181293A (en) * 1977-09-22 1980-01-01 Leigh Products, Inc. Handrail support hardware
US4723760A (en) * 1987-05-14 1988-02-09 Sullivan William O Picket fence assembly
US5967498A (en) * 1996-09-18 1999-10-19 Junell; Jack S. Modular fiberglass railing system
US6260828B1 (en) * 1998-11-17 2001-07-17 Robert F. English Prefabricated interlocking fence post
US20030222258A1 (en) * 2002-02-06 2003-12-04 Forbis John T. Bracket assembly for connecting rails of various configurations to a support structure
US6739583B2 (en) 2001-10-05 2004-05-25 David Allen Ryon Metal fence rail
US20040164286A1 (en) * 2003-02-26 2004-08-26 Gerald Lemay Retaining device for slats
US20040195561A1 (en) * 2001-05-03 2004-10-07 Forbis John T. Fence rall cap bracket assembly
US6824123B2 (en) 2001-05-24 2004-11-30 Master-Halco, Inc. Picket fence and rail mounting system
US20050023514A1 (en) * 2002-05-07 2005-02-03 Gibbs Edward L. Internally welded barrier
US20050051762A1 (en) * 2002-07-16 2005-03-10 Giralt Pedro P. Apparatus for pedestrian railing with snap-in spacer and method of making
US20050199864A1 (en) * 2004-03-15 2005-09-15 Gibbs Edward L. Terrain-adjustable barrier
US6993843B2 (en) 2001-04-28 2006-02-07 Kroy Building Products, Inc. Rail bracket mounting system with locking pin
US20060081828A1 (en) * 2004-10-08 2006-04-20 Edward Gidseg Fence and method of assembling same
US20060175594A1 (en) * 2005-02-04 2006-08-10 Burkart Michael G Rail mounting apparatus and method
US20060226407A1 (en) * 2003-12-18 2006-10-12 Auret Derek M Fence construction systems
US7278240B2 (en) 2002-04-29 2007-10-09 Stallion Fence Accessories, Llc System for securing a post
US20090026431A1 (en) * 2007-07-25 2009-01-29 Arie Tremblay Picket and rail fence
US8505880B2 (en) 2010-07-21 2013-08-13 Origin Point Brands, Llc Fence rail support system

Citations (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US297295A (en) * 1884-04-22 Timothy eogees
US888905A (en) * 1908-03-07 1908-05-26 John Franklin Johnson Fence.
US1376150A (en) * 1920-01-14 1921-04-26 Albert F Miller Joint-lock
US1725507A (en) * 1928-03-13 1929-08-20 Clement Herman Railing-post base
US1761508A (en) * 1929-03-20 1930-06-03 Malleable Iron Fittings Co Mount for metal poles
US1895186A (en) * 1929-03-06 1933-01-24 Free John Robert Fence post
US2218954A (en) * 1939-08-07 1940-10-22 Cyclone Fence Company Adjustable grade iron fence
US2407721A (en) * 1944-03-23 1946-09-17 Servel Inc Refrigerating apparatus
US2431546A (en) * 1945-09-07 1947-11-25 John T Edwards Metallic railing construction

Patent Citations (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US297295A (en) * 1884-04-22 Timothy eogees
US888905A (en) * 1908-03-07 1908-05-26 John Franklin Johnson Fence.
US1376150A (en) * 1920-01-14 1921-04-26 Albert F Miller Joint-lock
US1725507A (en) * 1928-03-13 1929-08-20 Clement Herman Railing-post base
US1895186A (en) * 1929-03-06 1933-01-24 Free John Robert Fence post
US1761508A (en) * 1929-03-20 1930-06-03 Malleable Iron Fittings Co Mount for metal poles
US2218954A (en) * 1939-08-07 1940-10-22 Cyclone Fence Company Adjustable grade iron fence
US2407721A (en) * 1944-03-23 1946-09-17 Servel Inc Refrigerating apparatus
US2431546A (en) * 1945-09-07 1947-11-25 John T Edwards Metallic railing construction

Cited By (67)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2754092A (en) * 1950-02-25 1956-07-10 Leroy W Cremens Metallic hand railing
US2771276A (en) * 1954-02-08 1956-11-20 Jr Harry S Constance Metallic railing structure
DE1003937B (en) * 1954-04-23 1957-03-07 Aluminium A G Menziken Gelaenderkonstruktion, especially for stairs
US2808233A (en) * 1954-04-23 1957-10-01 Aluminium A G Menziken Railing structure
US2964146A (en) * 1955-02-07 1960-12-13 Benner Nawman Inc Telephone booth construction
US2840349A (en) * 1955-10-14 1958-06-24 Edward E Raymond Ornamental aluminum railing
US2905446A (en) * 1956-02-08 1959-09-22 Blumcraft Pittsburgh Clamping means for rail structures
US2932488A (en) * 1957-06-04 1960-04-12 Leighton G Dotson Building structures
US2945679A (en) * 1958-03-18 1960-07-19 Blumcraft Pittsburgh Composite metal and wood post structure
US3113760A (en) * 1960-01-29 1963-12-10 Locke Mfg Company Interlocking ornamental railing
US3083951A (en) * 1960-05-12 1963-04-02 Locke Mfg Company Interlocking ornamental railing
US3136530A (en) * 1961-06-05 1964-06-09 Anchor Post Prod Privacy fence
US3246879A (en) * 1962-09-14 1966-04-19 Anchor Post Prod Railing constructions and parts therefor or the like
US3289381A (en) * 1964-06-26 1966-12-06 Blumcraft Pittsburgh Handrails
US3305221A (en) * 1964-08-17 1967-02-21 Eugene V Kling Guardrail construction
US3258251A (en) * 1964-10-12 1966-06-28 Culter Norman Knockdown adjustable railing construction
US3343811A (en) * 1965-10-11 1967-09-26 Edward J Kusel Heavy duty adjustable railing
US3357681A (en) * 1965-10-21 1967-12-12 Jr Thomas Souza Railing system
US3799506A (en) * 1972-04-14 1974-03-26 G Schwartz Fence
US3924834A (en) * 1972-08-08 1975-12-09 Charles G Young Balustrade units
US3991982A (en) * 1973-09-14 1976-11-16 Yoshida Kogyo Kabushiki Kaisha Balustrade with means for connection of balusters to a rail
US3942763A (en) * 1974-02-04 1976-03-09 A-T-O Inc. Adjustable wrought iron railing assembly
US3977147A (en) * 1974-10-25 1976-08-31 Nasa Flanged major modular assembly jig
US4181293A (en) * 1977-09-22 1980-01-01 Leigh Products, Inc. Handrail support hardware
US4723760A (en) * 1987-05-14 1988-02-09 Sullivan William O Picket fence assembly
US5967498A (en) * 1996-09-18 1999-10-19 Junell; Jack S. Modular fiberglass railing system
US6260828B1 (en) * 1998-11-17 2001-07-17 Robert F. English Prefabricated interlocking fence post
US7048259B2 (en) 2001-04-28 2006-05-23 Kroy Building Products, Inc. Rail bracket mounting system with locking pin
US6993843B2 (en) 2001-04-28 2006-02-07 Kroy Building Products, Inc. Rail bracket mounting system with locking pin
US6893008B2 (en) 2001-05-03 2005-05-17 Kroy Building Products, Inc. Fence rail cap bracket assembly
US20040195561A1 (en) * 2001-05-03 2004-10-07 Forbis John T. Fence rall cap bracket assembly
US20040195559A1 (en) * 2001-05-03 2004-10-07 Forbis John T. Method for attaching a fence rail to a support
US20040195560A1 (en) * 2001-05-03 2004-10-07 Forbis John T. Bracket for attaching a fence rail to a support
US7007363B2 (en) 2001-05-03 2006-03-07 Kroy Building Products, Inc. Method for attaching a fence rail to a support
US20050071983A1 (en) * 2001-05-24 2005-04-07 Charles Larsen Picket fence and rail mounting system
US6824123B2 (en) 2001-05-24 2004-11-30 Master-Halco, Inc. Picket fence and rail mounting system
US6739583B2 (en) 2001-10-05 2004-05-25 David Allen Ryon Metal fence rail
US6948704B2 (en) 2002-02-06 2005-09-27 Kroy Building Products, Inc. Bracket assembly for connecting rails of various configurations to a support structure
US20060022187A1 (en) * 2002-02-06 2006-02-02 John T. Forbis And Randy R. Quaintance To Kroy Building Products, Inc. Method for connecting rails of various configurations to a support structure
US20030222258A1 (en) * 2002-02-06 2003-12-04 Forbis John T. Bracket assembly for connecting rails of various configurations to a support structure
US7278240B2 (en) 2002-04-29 2007-10-09 Stallion Fence Accessories, Llc System for securing a post
US7071439B2 (en) 2002-05-07 2006-07-04 Edward L. Gibbs Method for barrier assembly
US7282659B1 (en) 2002-05-07 2007-10-16 Edward L. Gibbs Panel assembly apparatus
US20050040382A1 (en) * 2002-05-07 2005-02-24 Gibbs Edward L. Method for barrier assembly
US20050023515A1 (en) * 2002-05-07 2005-02-03 Gibbs Edward L. Barrier formed by resistance projection welding
US20050092978A1 (en) * 2002-05-07 2005-05-05 Gibbs Edward L. Welded barrier system
US20050023514A1 (en) * 2002-05-07 2005-02-03 Gibbs Edward L. Internally welded barrier
US7159853B2 (en) 2002-05-07 2007-01-09 Edward L. Gibbs Welded barrier system
US20050051762A1 (en) * 2002-07-16 2005-03-10 Giralt Pedro P. Apparatus for pedestrian railing with snap-in spacer and method of making
US7168689B2 (en) 2002-07-16 2007-01-30 Giralt Pedro P Apparatus for pedestrian railing with snap-in spacer and method of making
US20040164286A1 (en) * 2003-02-26 2004-08-26 Gerald Lemay Retaining device for slats
US7237766B2 (en) * 2003-02-26 2007-07-03 Gerald Lemay Retaining device for slats
US7503551B2 (en) * 2003-12-18 2009-03-17 Crimp Tech Industries Fence construction systems
US20060226407A1 (en) * 2003-12-18 2006-10-12 Auret Derek M Fence construction systems
US10538939B1 (en) 2004-03-15 2020-01-21 Ameristar Perimeter Security Usa Inc. Barrier for sloped terrains
US9840854B1 (en) 2004-03-15 2017-12-12 Ameristar Perimeter Security Usa Inc. Terrain-conformable barrier
US20050205854A1 (en) * 2004-03-15 2005-09-22 Edward Gibbs Fence with tiltable picket
US8523150B2 (en) 2004-03-15 2013-09-03 Edward L. Gibbs Fence with tiltable picket
US20050199864A1 (en) * 2004-03-15 2005-09-15 Gibbs Edward L. Terrain-adjustable barrier
US7621510B2 (en) 2004-03-15 2009-11-24 Edward L. Gibbs Terrain-adjustable barrier
US20100288988A2 (en) * 2004-03-15 2010-11-18 Edward Gibbs Fence with tiltable picket
US7896318B1 (en) 2004-03-15 2011-03-01 Edward L. Gibbs Terrain-conforming barrier
US7980534B1 (en) 2004-03-15 2011-07-19 Edward L. Gibbs Rackable barrier system
US20060081828A1 (en) * 2004-10-08 2006-04-20 Edward Gidseg Fence and method of assembling same
US20060175594A1 (en) * 2005-02-04 2006-08-10 Burkart Michael G Rail mounting apparatus and method
US20090026431A1 (en) * 2007-07-25 2009-01-29 Arie Tremblay Picket and rail fence
US8505880B2 (en) 2010-07-21 2013-08-13 Origin Point Brands, Llc Fence rail support system

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