US2431546A - Metallic railing construction - Google Patents

Metallic railing construction Download PDF

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US2431546A
US2431546A US614845A US61484545A US2431546A US 2431546 A US2431546 A US 2431546A US 614845 A US614845 A US 614845A US 61484545 A US61484545 A US 61484545A US 2431546 A US2431546 A US 2431546A
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posts
rail
webs
railing
upper ends
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US614845A
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John T Edwards
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John T Edwards
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04FFINISHING WORK ON BUILDINGS, e.g. STAIRS, FLOORS
    • E04F11/00Stairways, ramps, or like structures; Balustrades; Handrails
    • E04F11/18Balustrades; Handrails
    • E04F11/181Balustrades

Description

Nov. 25, 1947. J. T. EDWARDS 2,431,546

METALLIC RAILING CK DNSTRUCTION Filed'Sept. '7, 1945 gwuem ov .Jbkn TEdwdi-ds Patented Nov. 25, 1947 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE 2 Claims.

This invention relates to railing construction and, more particularly, to metallic railing for use on buildings or houses in such locations as porches, stairways or the like.

Such railing, as it is now customarily formed, provides a series of spaced vertically extending posts or balusters stationarily connected at their lower ends to a supporting base and rigidly joined at their upper ends with a composite top rail. Usually, the top rail is composed of a lower bar or channel member to which is welded, or secured by drilling and tapping, the upper ends of the associated posts or balusters. Placed on the upper surface of this bar or channel member and suitably secured thereto is an ornamental cap strip,.

the latter being fastened to the bar or channel member by welding, tapping, riveting or other means, the cap strip diliering in cross sectional configuration from that of the bar or channel member to produce a composite rail of desired strength and appearance. Such a composite rail is necessarily relatively costly to manufacture and in use is subject to the objection that due to the effects of corrosion, or differences in expansion and contraction, the upper or cap bar will flex or distort vertically relative to the lower bar, thereby producing an unsightly condition that usually necessitates repair or replacement.

Accordingly, it is an object of the present invention to obviate these objections by providing a metallic railing in which the upper rail member comprises a single unitary element of desired ornamental configuration but wherein the multiple parts of prior constructions are eliminated.

Another object is to provide such an integral upper rail member in which the under side thereof is formed with improved and simplified means for the reception and attachment of the adjoining upper ends of the associated vertical posts or balusters.

In providing a railing embodying the above general objects, I have developed further novel features of construction and arrangement which will be readily understood by reference to the following description and the accompanying drawings, wherein:

Fig. 1 is a side elevational view of a metallic porch or stair railing formed in accordance with the present invention;

Fig. 2 is a transverse sectional view taken through the railing on the plane indicated by the line 2-2 of Fig. 1;

Fig. 3 is a horizontal sectional View on the line 3-3 of Fig. 1;

Fig. 4 is a transverse sectional view showing a slightly modified form of the present invention;

Fig. 5 is a similar view of another modified form of my improved railing.

Referring more particularly to the drawings, my improved railing comprises a toprail 5, parallel bottom rail 6 and a plurality of relatively spaced vertically extending posts or balusters I, the latter being rigidly joined at their upper and lower ends with the rails 5 and 6.

The rail 5 comprises an integral one-piece body formed ordinarily by rolling or extrusion methods. In transverse cross section, the same may possess any suitable ornamental design consistent with the mechanical strength required. In this instance, the under part of the rail 5 is formed to embody a pair of relatively spaced depending webs or flanges B, which are coextensive-with the length of the rail, the said webs or flanges forming between them a groove or channel 9 in which the upper ends of the posts I are received, confined and secured. The upper ends of the posts or balusters may be welded to the webs or flanges or, if desired, the same may be held by pressing the webs or flanges inwardly at positions between the posts so that the latter will be held against displacement, as indicated at I0 in Fig. 3.

Another alternative arrangement has been disclosed in Fig. 4 of the drawing, wherein the upper ends of the posts are upwardly and outwardly tapered as at H, and the webs or flanges 8 are forced inwardly and thereby deformed to closely engage the flat sides of the posts, holding the latter against displacement. Ordinarily, this construction will hold the posts against movement relative to the rail but, if desired, the same may be supplemented either by welding or by the use of metallic fasteners, as in the first-described form of the invention.

While the posts 1 have been shown as being approximately square in horizontal cross section, which is their preferred form, nevertheless, it will be appreciated that other configurations may be utilized.

As shown in Fig. 5, the webs or flanges B may have their lower portions provided with inwardly turned lips I 0a which may be received within grooves Illb formed in the upper ends of the balusters 1, whereby to hold the latter against displacement. In practice, a number of the balusters are placed between the webs or flanges and by the use of a single pressing operation, a desired number of balusters will be securely gripped and held against movement by the channel-forming flanges. This operation considerably reduces the cost of manufacture with respect to welding or by using mechanical fasteners for uniting the balusters with the rail member.

By the use of the construction set forth, it will be observed that the upper rail 5 is formed from but a single body of material, which eliminates the complexity found in the composite rails of the prior art, simplifies the problem of uniting the upper ends of the posts with the top rail and, in addition, provides a construction possessing a long life and high mechanical strength.

The lower rail 6, advantageously, may comprise a bar 12 slotted to receive the lower ends of the posts I or balusters. The posts may be joined with the bar l2 by welding, or through the use of transversely extending mechanical fastening elements. The bar l2 may be provided at its outer edge with depending flanges l3 by which the same may be securely anchored or embedded in a concrete or other base to assist in the vertioal stability of the railing as a whole. However, any other suitable means may be used for anchoring the lower ends of the posts 1 in connection with the bottom rail, the present invention being concerned chiefly with the above-described construction of the top rail and its attachment to the upper ends of the posts I.

I claim:

1. Railing construction comprising an upper rail member of integral one-piece construction, said member having the under side thereof formed with a pair of transversely spaced longitudinally extending webs, the latter forming therebetween a post-receiving channel, and a plurality of vertically disposed longitudinally spaced post members having polygonal upper ends receivable between said webs, the said upper ends of said post members being outwardly flared so that the extreme upper portions thereof possess a greater cross sectional area than their body portions, the webs of said rail member being shaped to conform with the flaring upper ends of the post members.

2. Hand rail construction comprising an upper rail member of integral one-piece formation, said member having the under side thereof formed with a pair of depending transversely spaced longitudinally extending webs, the latter forming therebetween a post-receiving channel, and a plurality of vertically disposed longitudinally spaced posts having polygonal upper ends received between said webs, the upper ends of said posts being outwardly and angularly flared so that the extreme upper portions thereof possess a greater cross-sectional area than the body portions of said posts, the webs of said rail member having their inner surfaces downwardly and angularly tapered so that the width of the channel at the lower edges of said Webs is less than that of the upper portions of said channel, whereby to preclude separation between said rail member and posts.

JOHN T. EDWARDS.

REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the file of this patent:

UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Name Date 163,996 Hardy June 1, 1875 262,879 Woodhill Aug. 15, 1882 436,279 Weiser Sept. 9, 1890 549,714 Foster Nov. 12, 1895 1,235,333 Lachman July 31, 1917 1,376,150 ltfiller Apr. 26, 1921 1,416,957 Hughes May 23, 1922 2,145,172 Gustafs'on Jan. 24, 1939

US614845A 1945-09-07 1945-09-07 Metallic railing construction Expired - Lifetime US2431546A (en)

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Cited By (19)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2558142A (en) * 1947-01-21 1951-06-26 William A Lapp Iron railing
US2563530A (en) * 1951-08-07 Balustrade
US2590929A (en) * 1947-11-19 1952-04-01 William W Bush Railing
US2654579A (en) * 1950-02-25 1953-10-06 Leroy W Cremens Railing
US2720382A (en) * 1954-05-14 1955-10-11 Edward F Slowik Interlocking rails for picket fences
US2754092A (en) * 1950-02-25 1956-07-10 Leroy W Cremens Metallic hand railing
US2826394A (en) * 1955-03-30 1958-03-11 Pinson Abraham Fence construction
US2870996A (en) * 1957-06-06 1959-01-27 Nat Aluminum Products Company Knockdown adjustable railing
US2905446A (en) * 1956-02-08 1959-09-22 Blumcraft Pittsburgh Clamping means for rail structures
DE1116377B (en) * 1957-01-31 1961-11-02 Heinrich Jungermann Wooden fence with fence pickets
US3113760A (en) * 1960-01-29 1963-12-10 Locke Mfg Company Interlocking ornamental railing
DE1189324B (en) * 1956-05-03 1965-03-18 Christian Steeb Jun For the manufacture of gratings, in particular snow gratings suitable compound
US3420505A (en) * 1967-06-01 1969-01-07 Reynolds Metals Co Handrail and post assembly
US3420504A (en) * 1966-08-18 1969-01-07 Pico Safe Stairs Co Railings,ladders,trusses and similar type articles
US3471128A (en) * 1968-03-29 1969-10-07 Reynolds Metals Co Deformable rail
US3736720A (en) * 1971-02-18 1973-06-05 Larson E Deloy Ornamental design structures and method of making the same and components thereof
US4103875A (en) * 1975-09-11 1978-08-01 Glass Carl R Spear points for fence structure and method
US4466600A (en) * 1982-11-15 1984-08-21 Tuttle Aluminum & Bronze, Inc. Round pipe rail system
US20130244031A1 (en) * 2010-11-22 2013-09-19 Interdesign, Inc. Rod or Wire Having Discontinous Cross Sections, and Implements Made from Such Rod or Wire

Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US163996A (en) * 1875-06-01 Improvement in hand-rails
US262879A (en) * 1882-08-15 Iron picket-fence
US436279A (en) * 1890-09-09 Wire fence
US549714A (en) * 1895-11-12 Prank h
US1235333A (en) * 1915-10-19 1917-07-31 Universal Electric Welding Co Gradeable fence.
US1376150A (en) * 1920-01-14 1921-04-26 Albert F Miller Joint-lock
US1416957A (en) * 1921-05-26 1922-05-23 Hughes Arthur Sheridan Baluster-railing construction
US2145172A (en) * 1937-02-23 1939-01-24 Cyclone Fence Company Adjustable grade iron fence

Patent Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US163996A (en) * 1875-06-01 Improvement in hand-rails
US262879A (en) * 1882-08-15 Iron picket-fence
US436279A (en) * 1890-09-09 Wire fence
US549714A (en) * 1895-11-12 Prank h
US1235333A (en) * 1915-10-19 1917-07-31 Universal Electric Welding Co Gradeable fence.
US1376150A (en) * 1920-01-14 1921-04-26 Albert F Miller Joint-lock
US1416957A (en) * 1921-05-26 1922-05-23 Hughes Arthur Sheridan Baluster-railing construction
US2145172A (en) * 1937-02-23 1939-01-24 Cyclone Fence Company Adjustable grade iron fence

Cited By (20)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2563530A (en) * 1951-08-07 Balustrade
US2558142A (en) * 1947-01-21 1951-06-26 William A Lapp Iron railing
US2590929A (en) * 1947-11-19 1952-04-01 William W Bush Railing
US2654579A (en) * 1950-02-25 1953-10-06 Leroy W Cremens Railing
US2754092A (en) * 1950-02-25 1956-07-10 Leroy W Cremens Metallic hand railing
US2720382A (en) * 1954-05-14 1955-10-11 Edward F Slowik Interlocking rails for picket fences
US2826394A (en) * 1955-03-30 1958-03-11 Pinson Abraham Fence construction
US2905446A (en) * 1956-02-08 1959-09-22 Blumcraft Pittsburgh Clamping means for rail structures
DE1189324B (en) * 1956-05-03 1965-03-18 Christian Steeb Jun For the manufacture of gratings, in particular snow gratings suitable compound
DE1116377B (en) * 1957-01-31 1961-11-02 Heinrich Jungermann Wooden fence with fence pickets
US2870996A (en) * 1957-06-06 1959-01-27 Nat Aluminum Products Company Knockdown adjustable railing
US3113760A (en) * 1960-01-29 1963-12-10 Locke Mfg Company Interlocking ornamental railing
US3420504A (en) * 1966-08-18 1969-01-07 Pico Safe Stairs Co Railings,ladders,trusses and similar type articles
US3420505A (en) * 1967-06-01 1969-01-07 Reynolds Metals Co Handrail and post assembly
US3471128A (en) * 1968-03-29 1969-10-07 Reynolds Metals Co Deformable rail
US3736720A (en) * 1971-02-18 1973-06-05 Larson E Deloy Ornamental design structures and method of making the same and components thereof
US4103875A (en) * 1975-09-11 1978-08-01 Glass Carl R Spear points for fence structure and method
US4466600A (en) * 1982-11-15 1984-08-21 Tuttle Aluminum & Bronze, Inc. Round pipe rail system
US20130244031A1 (en) * 2010-11-22 2013-09-19 Interdesign, Inc. Rod or Wire Having Discontinous Cross Sections, and Implements Made from Such Rod or Wire
US20140127529A1 (en) * 2010-11-22 2014-05-08 Interdesign, Inc. Rod or Wire Having Discontinuous Cross Sections, and Implements Made From Such Rod or Wire

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