US2579646A - Method of forming spherical containers - Google Patents

Method of forming spherical containers Download PDF

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Publication number
US2579646A
US2579646A US758149A US75814947A US2579646A US 2579646 A US2579646 A US 2579646A US 758149 A US758149 A US 758149A US 75814947 A US75814947 A US 75814947A US 2579646 A US2579646 A US 2579646A
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spherical
segments
forming
polygonal
shaped
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US758149A
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Raymond J Branson
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Mcnamar Boiler & Tank Co
Mcnamar Boiler & Tank Company Inc
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Mcnamar Boiler & Tank Co
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Priority to US758149A priority Critical patent/US2579646A/en
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B21MECHANICAL METAL-WORKING WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL; PUNCHING METAL
    • B21DWORKING OR PROCESSING OF SHEET METAL OR METAL TUBES, RODS OR PROFILES WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL; PUNCHING METAL
    • B21D51/00Making hollow objects
    • B21D51/16Making hollow objects characterised by the use of the objects
    • B21D51/24Making hollow objects characterised by the use of the objects high-pressure containers, e.g. boilers, bottles
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T29/00Metal working
    • Y10T29/49Method of mechanical manufacture
    • Y10T29/49805Shaping by direct application of fluent pressure

Description

Dec. 25, 1951 R. J. BRANSON METHOD OF FORMING SPHERICAL. CONTAINERS Filed June 30, 1947 INVENTOR. ll. 0. EDQAN soN Patented Dec. 25, 1951 METHOD OF FORMING SPHERICAL CONTAINERS Raymond J. Branson, Tulsa, Okla, assignor to McNamar Boiler & Tank Company, Inc., Tulsa. Okla., a corporation of Oklahoma Application June 30, 1947, Serial No. 758,149
2 Claims. I 1
This invention relates to spherical containers, and more particularly but not limited thereto, to the method of forming spherical tanks adapted to be used in the storage and transportation of fluids under pressure, such as liquified petroleum gases and volatile liquids. The present invention is similar and relates in subject matter to applicant's co-pending application, Serial Number 739,789, filed April 7, 1947, now Patent No. 2,503,190.
This invention differs from the conventional method of forming spheroids or spherical tanks that normally utilize dies and die machinery, and is concerned with the method or process of forming a spherical body by the hydraulic ap plication of a fluid, such as oil or water, to a closed body of particular configuration and in such'a manner that the body is bulged by the hydraulic pressure to form a substantially symmetrical spheroid body. The hydraulic method employing oil or water to create bulging has many advantages, particularly in that all or the greater part of the metal may be uniformly stretched to maintain a uniform thickness throughout the body in the reshaping to a substantially spherical configuration.
The present invention differs from the aforementioned application mainly in that the process can be utilized for forming larger vessels with a saving of material. Furthermore, considerable material displacement is prevented.
It is an important object of this invention to provide a novel method of forming a high pressure vessel of substantially spherical shape without the use of dies, molds or the like.
And still another object of this invention is to provide a method of forming spherical bodies by hydraulic expansion. I
. :And another object of this invention is to form a spherical-body by the application of hydraulic pressure in such a manner that the finished spherical vessel is assured of a safety factor to prevent bursting within the confines of the A. S. M. E. code.
And still another object of this invention is to form a spherical container from a pro-formed body of substantially polygonal shape in cross section by employing hydraulic pressure to bulge or reshape the polygonal shaped body into a substantially symmetrical spheroid.
Other objects and advantages of the invention will be evident from the following detailed description, read in conjunction with the accompanying drawings, which illustrate my invention.
In thedrawings:
Figure 1 is a front elevational view of the body prior to the reshaping thereof.
Figure 2 is a cross-section of Figure 1 taken on lines 2-2 thereof.
Figure 3 is an elevational view of the body expanded or shaped into a spheroid.
Referring to the drawings in detail and more particularly Figures 1 and 2, the novel method utilized herein comprising forming a polygonal shaped shell (such as an octagon) comprising a plurality of individual segments 2. Each of the segments 2 are formed bycutting or forming a flat plate having pre-determined dimensions wherein the dimension at the opposite ends 4 and 6 are substantially equal. The dimensions at the center or widest portion of the plate is substantially greater, particularlybetween the points 8 and ID, as shown in Figure 1, aswill be hereinafter set forth. The flat plates of the preformed dimensions are rolled on a forming roll (not shown) into a curvature providing a longitudinal radius. However, it will be apparent from Figure 2, that in cross-section each of the curved segments 2 are substantially flat or straight, as shown. A substantially :flat plate I2 is formed with multiple circumferential edge portions I4 of pre-determined dimensions to form an octagonal or polygonal body or end plate I2.
A plurality of the individual segments 2, are required to form a composite octagonal body connected by welding I6 at the longitudinal edges thereof, as clearly shown in Figures 1 and 2. The octagonal shaped end plate I2 is then secured to the opposite ends of the combined segments 2 by welding as at IT. It will be apparent that the edges I4 of the end plates are of substantially the same dimensions as the outer edge portions 4 and 6 of the plurality of segments 2. It is to be understood that although the invention discloses an octagonal shaped body, it is not limited thereto.
To assure uniform expansion of the pre-formed body, the distance at the center portion of a v segment 2, for example between the points 8 and I0 as shown in Figure 1, is substantially equal in dimensions to the widest portion of a polygonal shaped end plate |2,, or the distance between the points I8 and 20, as shown in Figure 2, thereby providing a pre-determined ratio between the dimensions of the individual segments 2 and the end closure plates I2.
With the plurality of segments 2, and the head plates I2 secured by welding to form an enclosed composite body or container 24, as
shown in Figure 1, the body is then provided with a coupling member 22 welded to one of the end plates 12 in order to provide communication with the interior of the vessel or container 24. The coupling '22 permits input of the hydraulic medium, such as oil and water, from pumpingyequipment (not shown), similar to that disclosed in applicants aforementioned co-pendmg application. The closed vessel is filled with fiuid to build up the pressure and continued dis charge of fluid with an increase of pressure into the vessel 24 will cause a bulging thereof. Continued increase and application of the hydraulic pressure will increase the bulging or expansion of the welded and curved segments 2 from a substantially flat contour, as shown in cross-section in Figure 2, so that the longitudinally curved segments 2 will be bulged or shaped transversely with a transverse radius 'or curvature substantially on the segment of a sphere. Simultaneous with the bulging or expansion'of the segments 2. the end plates 4 and [2 will be bulged outwardly to expand the body into a substantially spherical configuration, as, clearly shown in Figure 3. The present method'utilizes a hydraulic medium to form a spherical vessel from a preformed substantially polygonal shaped body and particularly without the use of any dies to assist in theshaping of the material during the formation period. The material utilized in constructing the polygonal shaped body is the same as any other material for pressure vessels of this type. It will be apparent that the stretchingor elongation of the polygonal shaped body shown in Figure v2 will cause considerable saving in material from the conventional die method of pre-forming segments for forming spherical bod ies;normally utilized today. However, the welding footage is'substantially equal. 7
' Under practical tests the welds I6 will remain substantially stationary permitting the transverse elongation of the segments 2 of the pre-formed polygonal body.
"The present method in additionto bulgingor expanding :a pre-formed polygonal body into a substantially spherical shape, also functions to provided a simultaneous testing operation for thesafetyfactor in pressure vessels of this type in order to-comply with the A. S. M. E. code requirements-of the theoretical bursting pressure.
The present method does not need any external shaping dies; however if desired, dies or other means (not shown) may be utilized for applying' a compression or external shaping to assist in the formation of the spherical bodies. The spheroi'd (as shown in Figure 3) is possessed of all the favorable mechanical properties and characteristics of as phere.
From the foregoing it will be apparent that the present invention provides a novel method of reshaping a polygonal configurated body into a A. S. M. E. code. The novel method of forming spheroid containers is as particularly adaptable for containers of larger diameters permitting stretching or elongation of the material without any substantially material displacement or distortion of the welds during the expansion or bulging operation.
Changes may be made in the specifications and drawings without departing from the spirit of the invention within the scope of the following claims, as set forth.
What I claim is:
1. The method of forming a spherical container which consists of constructing a closed body from a plurality of longitudinally curved welded segments of a substantially flat trans verse contour, closing the opposite ends of the welded segments with a polygonal shaped plate having the largest diametrical dimension thereof substantially equal to the largest transverse dimension of the said segments to form a closed body of polygonal shape in cross section, and ex panding the closed-polygonal body with internal hydraulic pressure to reshape the body into a spherical configuration. I V
2. The method offorming a spherical container which consists of constructing a closed body of substantially octagonal shape in cross section bya plurality of longitudinally curved welded segments, welding an octagonal shaped plate at the open ends of the welded segments having a substantially equal dimensional ratio between the largest diametrical portion thereofand the larg-- est transverse portion of the segments, and. asubstantially equal dimensional ratio between the peripheral edges thereof. andthe edges of the segments, and expanding the closed polygonal body with internal hydraulic pressure to reshape the body into a substantially spherical configuration.
' RAYMOND J'. BRAN'SQNl REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the die of this patent:
UNITED STATES PATENTS Bram pr. 4 1 950
US758149A 1947-06-30 1947-06-30 Method of forming spherical containers Expired - Lifetime US2579646A (en)

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Cited By (20)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2731334A (en) * 1951-08-17 1956-01-17 Chicago Bridge & Iron Co Vapor storage vessel and method of making same
US2959038A (en) * 1954-03-25 1960-11-08 William F Baird Cosmetic apparatus
US3028097A (en) * 1957-07-18 1962-04-03 Johnson Gas Appliance Company Heater for animal pens and the like
US3096576A (en) * 1963-07-09 parilla
US3197851A (en) * 1962-03-28 1965-08-03 Arde Portland Inc Method of forming a high tensile stength pressure vessel
US3238610A (en) * 1964-04-13 1966-03-08 Bendix Corp Method of preparing and fluid pressure forming welded blanks
US3270905A (en) * 1962-12-12 1966-09-06 Sealol Pressure container
US3456831A (en) * 1957-08-16 1969-07-22 Avesta Jernverks Ab Austenitic stainless steel pressure vessels
US3807009A (en) * 1971-04-06 1974-04-30 J Ostbo Method of manufacturing curved tube sections and the like
US3895436A (en) * 1972-01-18 1975-07-22 British Aircraft Corp Ltd Forming metals
US3945236A (en) * 1974-10-03 1976-03-23 C-R-O Engineering Co., Inc. Formation of segments for containers and the like
DE2826255A1 (en) * 1977-09-27 1979-04-05 Gpki Montazh Legk Pishch Promy METHOD OF MANUFACTURING SHELLS OF DOUBLE CURVING
US4835359A (en) * 1988-02-18 1989-05-30 Commercial Shearing, Inc. Method of manufacturing hemispherical tank heads
DE4020850A1 (en) * 1990-06-29 1992-01-09 Messerschmitt Boelkow Blohm METHOD FOR THE PRODUCTION OF LARGE VOLUME FUEL TANKS
US5484098A (en) * 1992-05-14 1996-01-16 Kvaerner Masa-Yards Oy Spherical LNG-tank and a production method for such a tank
US5662264A (en) * 1994-07-01 1997-09-02 Kvaerner Masa-Yards Oy Method for welding aluminum plates
USD387271S (en) * 1996-09-11 1997-12-09 Bifulco Frank J Portable mister
USD768031S1 (en) * 2015-07-09 2016-10-04 Kheper Games, Inc. Faceted sphere
US20170370542A1 (en) * 2016-06-27 2017-12-28 Rafael Mittelberger Disco ball
US10449633B1 (en) * 2019-03-13 2019-10-22 Dalian University Of Technology Gas pressure forming method of ellipsoidal shells based on current self-resistance heating

Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1709865A (en) * 1927-07-01 1929-04-23 Copeland Products Inc Process of forming refrigerator elements
USRE19778E (en) * 1935-12-03 Method of making evaporators
US2106496A (en) * 1930-05-31 1938-01-25 Dominion Oxygen Company Ltd Method of making containers
US2106495A (en) * 1932-07-01 1938-01-25 Dominion Oxygen Company Ltd Method of making pressure vessels
US2186185A (en) * 1937-12-24 1940-01-09 Hammond Iron Works Method of tank construction
US2363992A (en) * 1942-05-09 1944-11-28 Smith Corp A O Support for spherical pressure vessels
US2503190A (en) * 1947-04-07 1950-04-04 Mcnamar Boiler & Tank Company Method of forming spherical containers
US2503191A (en) * 1947-06-30 1950-04-04 Mcnamar Boiler & Tank Company Method of forming tanks of spherical configuration

Patent Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
USRE19778E (en) * 1935-12-03 Method of making evaporators
US1709865A (en) * 1927-07-01 1929-04-23 Copeland Products Inc Process of forming refrigerator elements
US2106496A (en) * 1930-05-31 1938-01-25 Dominion Oxygen Company Ltd Method of making containers
US2106495A (en) * 1932-07-01 1938-01-25 Dominion Oxygen Company Ltd Method of making pressure vessels
US2186185A (en) * 1937-12-24 1940-01-09 Hammond Iron Works Method of tank construction
US2363992A (en) * 1942-05-09 1944-11-28 Smith Corp A O Support for spherical pressure vessels
US2503190A (en) * 1947-04-07 1950-04-04 Mcnamar Boiler & Tank Company Method of forming spherical containers
US2503191A (en) * 1947-06-30 1950-04-04 Mcnamar Boiler & Tank Company Method of forming tanks of spherical configuration

Cited By (22)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3096576A (en) * 1963-07-09 parilla
US2731334A (en) * 1951-08-17 1956-01-17 Chicago Bridge & Iron Co Vapor storage vessel and method of making same
US2959038A (en) * 1954-03-25 1960-11-08 William F Baird Cosmetic apparatus
US3028097A (en) * 1957-07-18 1962-04-03 Johnson Gas Appliance Company Heater for animal pens and the like
US3456831A (en) * 1957-08-16 1969-07-22 Avesta Jernverks Ab Austenitic stainless steel pressure vessels
US3197851A (en) * 1962-03-28 1965-08-03 Arde Portland Inc Method of forming a high tensile stength pressure vessel
US3270905A (en) * 1962-12-12 1966-09-06 Sealol Pressure container
US3238610A (en) * 1964-04-13 1966-03-08 Bendix Corp Method of preparing and fluid pressure forming welded blanks
US3807009A (en) * 1971-04-06 1974-04-30 J Ostbo Method of manufacturing curved tube sections and the like
US3895436A (en) * 1972-01-18 1975-07-22 British Aircraft Corp Ltd Forming metals
US3945236A (en) * 1974-10-03 1976-03-23 C-R-O Engineering Co., Inc. Formation of segments for containers and the like
DE2826255A1 (en) * 1977-09-27 1979-04-05 Gpki Montazh Legk Pishch Promy METHOD OF MANUFACTURING SHELLS OF DOUBLE CURVING
US4835359A (en) * 1988-02-18 1989-05-30 Commercial Shearing, Inc. Method of manufacturing hemispherical tank heads
DE4020850A1 (en) * 1990-06-29 1992-01-09 Messerschmitt Boelkow Blohm METHOD FOR THE PRODUCTION OF LARGE VOLUME FUEL TANKS
US5484098A (en) * 1992-05-14 1996-01-16 Kvaerner Masa-Yards Oy Spherical LNG-tank and a production method for such a tank
US5529239A (en) * 1992-05-14 1996-06-25 Kvaerner Masa-Yards Oy Spherical lng-tank and a production method for such a tank
US5662264A (en) * 1994-07-01 1997-09-02 Kvaerner Masa-Yards Oy Method for welding aluminum plates
USD387271S (en) * 1996-09-11 1997-12-09 Bifulco Frank J Portable mister
USD768031S1 (en) * 2015-07-09 2016-10-04 Kheper Games, Inc. Faceted sphere
US20170370542A1 (en) * 2016-06-27 2017-12-28 Rafael Mittelberger Disco ball
US11060679B2 (en) * 2016-06-27 2021-07-13 Rafael Mittelberger Disco ball
US10449633B1 (en) * 2019-03-13 2019-10-22 Dalian University Of Technology Gas pressure forming method of ellipsoidal shells based on current self-resistance heating

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