US2566777A - Tank seam - Google Patents

Tank seam Download PDF

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Publication number
US2566777A
US2566777A US2715948A US2566777A US 2566777 A US2566777 A US 2566777A US 2715948 A US2715948 A US 2715948A US 2566777 A US2566777 A US 2566777A
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Prior art keywords
shell
shells
offset
tank
gasket
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
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Inventor
Schmidt Thur
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Schmidt Thur
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B64AIRCRAFT; AVIATION; COSMONAUTICS
    • B64DEQUIPMENT FOR FITTING IN OR TO AIRCRAFT; FLYING SUITS; PARACHUTES; ARRANGEMENTS OR MOUNTING OF POWER PLANTS OR PROPULSION TRANSMISSIONS IN AIRCRAFT
    • B64D37/00Arrangements in connection with fuel supply for power plant
    • B64D37/02Tanks
    • B64D37/06Constructional adaptations thereof
    • B64D37/12Constructional adaptations thereof jettisonable
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10STECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10S411/00Expanded, threaded, driven, headed, tool-deformed, or locked-threaded fastener
    • Y10S411/955Locked bolthead or nut
    • Y10S411/965Locked bolthead or nut with retainer
    • Y10S411/967Deformable bolthead or nut
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T29/00Metal working
    • Y10T29/49Method of mechanical manufacture
    • Y10T29/49826Assembling or joining
    • Y10T29/49908Joining by deforming
    • Y10T29/49915Overedge assembling of seated part
    • Y10T29/4992Overedge assembling of seated part by flaring inserted cup or tube end
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T29/00Metal working
    • Y10T29/49Method of mechanical manufacture
    • Y10T29/49826Assembling or joining
    • Y10T29/49908Joining by deforming
    • Y10T29/49938Radially expanding part in cavity, aperture, or hollow body

Description

T. SCHMIDT TANK SEAIVI Sept. 4, 1951 Filed May 15, 1948 I IN V EN TOR. 242' ar//azd BY 6 W M Patented Sept. 4,- i951 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE 2,566,7"77- TANK sEAM Thur Schmidt, Chicago, Ill. Application May 15, 1948, Serial No. 27,159

The present invention relates to containers for and are not rigid an drugged enough to withstand rough use. In addition, they ordinarily require special tools and considerable training.

and skill in assembly and are thus necessarily assembled at the factory rather than at the time of use.

These shortcomings of conventional devices have been known and recognized for many years,

but the problem of providing a closure seam that is at once strong, rigid, leak proof and easy to assemble is a difficult one; with the result that,

nothwithstanding the known need, no entirely successful solution to the problem has heretofore been forthcoming.

It is accordingly the primary object of the present invention to provide a jettisonable fuel tank for aircraft so designed and constructed that a large capacity tank may be formed of separate sections of relatively thin sheet metal, yet wherein the different sections are so shaped and united as to provide increased physical strength and rigidity but at the same time to effect a dependable and leak proof seal.

A further object of the invention is to provide, in a tank adapted to hold volatile liquids, a separate construction wherein the individual parts are so arranged and related that the tanks may be shipped to their destination in unassembled or knocked down condition and may be individually assembled when required. This is, of course, an obvious expedient for reducing the requirements of shipping space, but it has heretofore been impractical for aircraft tanks, since their design has been such that they could not be readily assembled into a unit having the requisite strength and freedom from leakage essential to a tank designed for this purpose.

A further object of the invention resides in the provision of a specific form of closure seam adapted to unite two or more sections of sheet material to form a sealed tank, the seam being 5 Claims. (Cl. 220-81) of such design and construction that it may be easily assembled even by unskilled workmen, yet will afford a high degree of rigidity and mechanical strength and provide an adequate seal to prevent the escape of liquids.

Further objects will be apparent from the following description of the present preferred embodiment of the teachings of this invention, illustrated in the drawings of this specification, wherein:

Figure l isa side elevaticnal view of a jettisonable aircraft fuel tank constructed in accordance with these teachings;

Figure 2 is an exploded view of the closure seam between the separate sections of the tank; and

Figure 3 is an enlarged detail sectional View of the tank scam, the view being taken substantially on the plane of the line 3-3 of Figure l.

The body of the tank comprises two opposite sheet metal shells Ill and II which, in the form of the invention shown, are both of streamlined, torpedo shape, so that the assembled tank will offer minimum air resistance when suspended on the bomb rack of a military plane. It is to be understood, of course, that a tank of this character includes shackles by which it may be secured to the bomb rack and a gasoline line by which the fuel in the tank is withdrawn, but since these devices may be conventional and form no part of the present invention, they are not illustrated.

The sheet metal shells comprise a male shell I0 and a female shell ll, each of which include an inwardly offset portion such as 12 or I3 extending entirely around their marginal edges. These inwardly offset portions are preferably at an angle of about .45 degrees to the plane of junction of the shells and extend inwardl a short distance to flat joining flanges l4 and [5. The joining flanges lie in face-to-face relationship with each other, the inner flange 14 having a straight edge l6 and the outer flange l5 having an outwardly flared edge I! bearing against the curved surface between the portions l2 and [4.

The flanges I4 and I5 are pierced at regular intervals around the margin of each shell and closed tubular nuts l8 are riveted into the flange It to receive machine screws 2! by which the shells are held together.

The screws 2| extend through countersunk holes in a closure strip 22, so that this strip is drawn inwardly against a resilient gasket 23 in surface contact with the inwardly offset portions 12 and. 13 of the shells and with the flange l5.

The closure strip 22 is preferably in the form of a metal rail, and while it is preferably formed to include a slightly convex exterior surface and. smoothly rounded corners, it is of generally trapezoidal cross section, with a flat bottom surface 24 and outwardly disposed sides and 26 lying approximately perpendicular to each other, so that the sides 25 and 26 are approximately parallel with the offset portions l2 and i3 of the tank shell.

The resilient gasket 23 is preferably in the form of an endless loop, and is of more or less V shaped cross section, with a flat bottom portion and outwardly flared webs 21 and 28 on each side. It has been found preferable to form the gasket 23 of a length slightly less than the distance around the tank flanges, so that it must be slightly stretched as it is put in position. By this expedient the resilient material of the gasket is maintained in a state of tension on the seam. The tension on the gasket performs a double function, since it not only tends to draw the surfaces of the gasket into firm engagement with the tank surfaces, but also because it avoids any possibility of buckling of the gasket in the groove. The portions 2? and 28 of the gasket lie flat against the offset portions I2 and it of the tank shells and are clamped in sealing engagement with the shells by the angular surfaces 25 and 26 of the closure rail 22. This provides an effective seal to prevent an escape of liquid along these surfaces, and the compression of the central portion of the gasket causes the resilient material, which may be synthetic rubber, to move into close engagement around the shank of the machine screws 2|, so that escape of fuel between the gasket and the outer surfaces of the screws is prevented. The engagement between the screws 2| and the pierced openings in the flange l5 are effective to prevent the shells I0 and II from pulling apart from each other, and the engagement of the flared edge II with the inwardly offset portion l2 of the shell lil takes any compressive load between the shells. In addition, the flared edge 11 serves as a guideas the opposite shells are fitted together,

' so that the edge l6 of the flange 14 may easily be inserted within the flange [5.

The outer surface 29 of the closure rail 22 is substantially flush with the exterior surfaces of the shells Ill and II, so that the seam be: tween the shells is not apt to be damaged if the tank is dropped, rolled or otherwise roughly handled, yet the resilient material of the sealing gasket is almost entirely enclosed, so that the narrow strips of the gasket, exposed on each side of the strip 22, are well protected and not easily subject to damage. The rail 22 not only serves as a sealing member, but also lends rigidity to the structure and functions as a reenforcement of the thin sheet metal of the shells.

From the foregoing, it will be apparent that the teachings of the present invention provide a tank construction that is susceptible to assembly in the field Without the use of any tools other than a screw driver, and thus make it practicable to provide a jettisonable fuel tank for aircraft which can be shipped unassembled and put together when required, with assurance that it will have both the mechanical strength to withstand rough treatment and the perfection of design necessary to prevent the escape of fluid. It follows that, by utilizing the teachings of this invention, it is unnecessary to resort to factory assembled tanks to insure against 4 leakage, and that obvious savings in space of a knocked down tank may therefore be realized.

Having thus described the invention, what I claim as new and desire to protect by United States Letters Patent is:

1. In a jettisonable torpedo-shaped gasoline tank, the combination of a pair of matching male and female shells of relatively thin rigid sheet material, the male shell having an inwardly extending angular offset portion around its entire margin, with a flat edge flange along the inner edge of the offset portion; the female shell including an inwardly extending offset portion 1 around the entire margin of the shell, with a flat joint flange having an outwardly flared edge adapted to fit over the flange of the male shell, with the flared edge bearing against the offset portion of said male shell; a sealing gasket comprising a strip of resilient, yieldable material having a flat bottom portion with outwardly flared webs; said gasket being positioned on the joining flange of the female shell with the webs bearing against the offset portions of both shells; and means comprising a metal rail of generally trapezoidal shape positioned on the gasket and having angularly disposed clamping surfaces engaging the webs of the gasket and pressing said webs against the offset portions of both of the shells to seal the joint between the shells; together with means to clamp the rail toward the flanges of the shells to compress the gasket. 1

2. Ina jettisonable torpedo-shaped gasoline tank, the combination of a pair of matching male and female'shells of relatively thin rigid sheet material, the male shell having an inwardly extending angular offset portion around its entire margin, with a fiat edge flange along the inner edge of the offset portion; the female shell including an inwardly extending offset portion around the entire margin of the shell, with a flat joint flange having an outwardly flared edge adapted to fit over the flange of the male shell, with the'flared edge bearing against the offset portion of said male shell; a sealing gasket comprising a strip of resilient, yieldable material having a flat bottom portion with outwardly flared webs; said gasket being positioned on the joining flange of the female shell with the webs bearing against the offset portions of both shells;

and means comprising a metal rail of generally trapezoidal shape positioned on the gasket and having angularly disposed clamping surfaces engaging the webs of the gasket and pressing said webs against the offset portions of both of the shells to seal the joint between the shells. 3. In a jettisonable torpedo-shaped gasoline tank, the combination of a pair of matching male and female shells of relatively thin rigid sheet material, the male shell having an inwardly extending angular offset portion around its entire margin, with a flat edge flange along the inner edge of the offset portion; the female shell including an inwardly extending offset portion around the entire margin of the shell, with a flat joint flange having an outwardly flared edge adapted to fit over the edge of the male shell, with the flared flange bearing against the offset portion of said male shell; a sealinggasket comprising a strip of resilient, yieldable material having a flat bottom portion with outwardly flared webs; said gasket being positioned on the joining flange of the female shell with the webs bearing against the offset portions of both shells; and means to hold the gasket against the shells.

4. In a container of relatively thin rigid sheet material, the combination of a male shell section having an inwardly extending angular offset portion at an acute angle to the plane of junction of the shells, with a flat edge flange normal to the plane of junction of the shells and extending inwardly from the inner edge of the offset portion; a matching female shell section including an inwardly extending offset portion with a flat joint flange having an outwardly flared edge adapted to fit over the flange of the male shell section with the flared edge bearing against the offset portion thereof; together with a sealing gasket comprising a strip of resilient, yieldable material having outwardly flared sealing surfaces; said gasket being positioned on the joining flange of one of the shell sections and bearing against the offset portions of both shell sections; and means comprising a metal closure strip for clamping said gasket against said ofiset portions to seal the joint between the shell sections.

5. In a container of relatively thin rigid sheet material, the combination of a male shell section having an inwardly extending angular offset portion at an acute angle to the plane of junction 01 the shells, with a flat edge flange normal to the plane of junction of the shells and extending REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the file of this patent:

UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Name Date 675,882 Cohn June 11, 1901 1,218,873 Lennor Mar. 13, 1917 1,875,666 Schwemlein Sept, 6, 1932 2,002,789 Niedecken May 28, 1935 2,365,080 Humphreys Dec. '12, 1944 FOREIGN PATENTS Number Country Date 430,038 Germany June 9, 1926 709,087 France May 11, 1931

US2566777A 1948-05-15 1948-05-15 Tank seam Expired - Lifetime US2566777A (en)

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Cited By (13)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2751109A (en) * 1951-02-02 1956-06-19 Moorex Ind Inc Sealed structural joint
US2755045A (en) * 1951-12-22 1956-07-17 Borg Warner Wing tank and napalm bomb
US2834998A (en) * 1954-01-25 1958-05-20 Douglas Aircraft Co Inc Means for mounting a frangible expanse to a vibratile support
US2863583A (en) * 1954-05-03 1958-12-09 Republic Aviat Corp Tank
US2884098A (en) * 1952-07-01 1959-04-28 Rohr Aircraft Corp Fastener sealing device
US3064608A (en) * 1959-04-15 1962-11-20 Karmazin John Method for manufacturing a receiver for refrigeration systems or the like
US3666277A (en) * 1968-12-24 1972-05-30 Tyler Inc W S Edge seal strip for a tension screen
US5050764A (en) * 1990-03-08 1991-09-24 Pacesetter Infusion, Ltd. Lateral compression sealing system and method of making seal
WO2000047853A1 (en) * 1999-02-11 2000-08-17 Whipps George E Slide gate and seal therefor
US6435557B1 (en) * 2000-01-26 2002-08-20 Sandor Palvoelgyi Fuel tank for automobile
US20050183824A1 (en) * 2004-02-25 2005-08-25 Advanced Display Process Engineering Co., Ltd. Apparatus for manufacturing flat-panel display
US20050236102A1 (en) * 2004-04-12 2005-10-27 Griffith Steven P Compositions and methods for sealing
US20080292431A1 (en) * 2003-11-04 2008-11-27 Gwang Ho Hur Transfer chamber for flat display device manufacturing apparatus

Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US675882A (en) * 1900-12-08 1901-06-11 Henri Albert Cohu Cask.
US1218873A (en) * 1913-11-29 1917-03-13 William Lennon Trough or flume.
DE430038C (en) * 1925-09-30 1926-06-09 Kloenne Aug Fa Riveted thin sheet-cylinder shell, in particular for Scheibengasbehaelter
FR709087A (en) * 1931-01-09 1931-08-03 Improvements to the creation of reservoirs
US1875666A (en) * 1931-08-03 1932-09-06 Parkersburg Rig & Reel Co Tank seam
US2002789A (en) * 1933-02-13 1935-05-28 Edward F Niedecken Shower bath cabinet
US2365080A (en) * 1943-08-02 1944-12-12 Ohio Rubber Co Droppable gasoline tank

Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US675882A (en) * 1900-12-08 1901-06-11 Henri Albert Cohu Cask.
US1218873A (en) * 1913-11-29 1917-03-13 William Lennon Trough or flume.
DE430038C (en) * 1925-09-30 1926-06-09 Kloenne Aug Fa Riveted thin sheet-cylinder shell, in particular for Scheibengasbehaelter
FR709087A (en) * 1931-01-09 1931-08-03 Improvements to the creation of reservoirs
US1875666A (en) * 1931-08-03 1932-09-06 Parkersburg Rig & Reel Co Tank seam
US2002789A (en) * 1933-02-13 1935-05-28 Edward F Niedecken Shower bath cabinet
US2365080A (en) * 1943-08-02 1944-12-12 Ohio Rubber Co Droppable gasoline tank

Cited By (20)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2751109A (en) * 1951-02-02 1956-06-19 Moorex Ind Inc Sealed structural joint
US2755045A (en) * 1951-12-22 1956-07-17 Borg Warner Wing tank and napalm bomb
US2884098A (en) * 1952-07-01 1959-04-28 Rohr Aircraft Corp Fastener sealing device
US2834998A (en) * 1954-01-25 1958-05-20 Douglas Aircraft Co Inc Means for mounting a frangible expanse to a vibratile support
US2863583A (en) * 1954-05-03 1958-12-09 Republic Aviat Corp Tank
US3064608A (en) * 1959-04-15 1962-11-20 Karmazin John Method for manufacturing a receiver for refrigeration systems or the like
US3666277A (en) * 1968-12-24 1972-05-30 Tyler Inc W S Edge seal strip for a tension screen
US5050764A (en) * 1990-03-08 1991-09-24 Pacesetter Infusion, Ltd. Lateral compression sealing system and method of making seal
WO2000047853A1 (en) * 1999-02-11 2000-08-17 Whipps George E Slide gate and seal therefor
US6176493B1 (en) * 1999-02-11 2001-01-23 George E. Whipps Slide gate and seal therefor
US6435557B1 (en) * 2000-01-26 2002-08-20 Sandor Palvoelgyi Fuel tank for automobile
US20080292431A1 (en) * 2003-11-04 2008-11-27 Gwang Ho Hur Transfer chamber for flat display device manufacturing apparatus
US7665946B2 (en) 2003-11-04 2010-02-23 Advanced Display Process Engineering Co., Ltd. Transfer chamber for flat display device manufacturing apparatus
US7665947B2 (en) 2003-11-04 2010-02-23 Advanced Display Process Engineering Co., Ltd. Transfer chamber for flat display device manufacturing apparatus
US20050183824A1 (en) * 2004-02-25 2005-08-25 Advanced Display Process Engineering Co., Ltd. Apparatus for manufacturing flat-panel display
US20090133837A1 (en) * 2004-02-25 2009-05-28 Advanced Display Process Engineering Co., Ltd. Apparatus for manufacturing flat-panel display
US8506711B2 (en) 2004-02-25 2013-08-13 Advanced Display Process Engineering Co., Ltd. Apparatus for manufacturing flat-panel display
US20050236102A1 (en) * 2004-04-12 2005-10-27 Griffith Steven P Compositions and methods for sealing
US8028640B2 (en) * 2004-04-12 2011-10-04 Xtreme Seal, Llc Compositions and methods for sealing
US20120055391A1 (en) * 2004-04-12 2012-03-08 Xtreme Seal, Llc Compositions and Methods for Sealing

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