New! View global litigation for patent families

US2565612A - Writing telegraph system - Google Patents

Writing telegraph system Download PDF

Info

Publication number
US2565612A
US2565612A US3029048A US2565612A US 2565612 A US2565612 A US 2565612A US 3029048 A US3029048 A US 3029048A US 2565612 A US2565612 A US 2565612A
Authority
US
Grant status
Grant
Patent type
Prior art keywords
tablet
figure
stylus
circuit
voltage
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
Inventor
Levin Arthur
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
COSSOR RADAR Ltd
Original Assignee
COSSOR RADAR Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Grant date

Links

Images

Classifications

    • GPHYSICS
    • G08SIGNALLING
    • G08CTRANSMISSION SYSTEMS FOR MEASURED VALUES, CONTROL OR SIMILAR SIGNALS
    • G08C21/00Systems for transmitting the position of an object with respect to a predetermined reference system, e.g. tele-autographic system

Description

Aug. 28, 1951 A. LEvlN 2,565,612

WRITING TELEGRAPH SYSTEM Filed June l, 1948 5 Sheets-Sheet 1 Aug. 28, 1951` A. LEvlN 2,565,612

WRITING TELEGRAPH SYSTEM Filed June l, 1948 I 5 Sheets-Sheet 2 a I I I ,3 I 1 g 35 I I I N VEN TOR y RTHUR/.EV/N Ba WW @f1/22W# Aug. 28, 1951 y A. LEvlN 2,565,612

WRITING TELEGRAPH SYSTEM Filed June l, 1948 5 Sheets-Sheet 5 Z/v yE/v TOR ARTHUR LEV/N Aug. 28, 1951 A. LEVIN WRITING TELEGRAPH SYSTEM Filed June 1, 1948 5 Sheets-Sheet 4 INVENTOR' ARTHUR LEV/N iran/M- Aug. 2 8, 195.1

A. LEvlN WRITING TELEGRAPH SYSTEMA 5 Sheets-Sheet 5 Filed June 1,. 1948 D.C. AMP)LIFIER .ZA/VENTO?? HRTHUR LEVIN Y, nnen Derzcjon] Patented ug. 28, 1951 llfNrf-OFFICE WRITING TELEGRAPH SYSTEM y Arthur Levin, London, England, assignor to yCossor Radar Limited, London, England, a com pany of Great Britain Application June 1, 194s, sera1N0.fso,290

In Great Britain May 30,1947

(Cl. 178-19) (Granted under the provisions of sec. 14, act of 4 Claims.

March 2, 1927; 357 O. G.

This invention relates to an electric writing' telegraph system of a kind whereby the movements of a pencil or stylus at a transmitting position are reproduced and/or recorded simultaneously with their occurrence at a receiving position.

The invention may be employed in an electric writing telegraph system ofthe kind specified comprising, at a transmitter, a writing tablet of electrically resistive material over a surface of which the pencil or stylus can be moved, means for applying to the tablet an electrical oscillation to establish a potential gradient in one direction across the tablet, means for applying to the tablet an electrical oscillation of a different frequency from the first-named oscillation to establish a potential gradient across the tablet in a second direction inclined to the first direction and means for transmitting voltages at the two said frequencies derived from the pencil or stylus, or voltages representative of variations in the amplitudes of these frequencies, the relative ampliture of the said two transmitted frequencies de1 lining the position of the pencil or stylus. The said two directions are preferably mutually per-1 pendicular. The writing tablet is preferablyof rectangular shape and has electrically connected thereto along each of its edges an extension of resistive material which extends away from the said edge, the outer edges of the extensions bet ing provided with strip-shaped terminals of relatively highly conducting material and one of the said oscillations being applied between each pair of opposite terminals.

A co-operating receiver according to the invention comprises an arrangement for utilising the two voltages whose amplitudes represent two co-ordinates of position respectively to reproduce visibly, photographically, or otherwise, a trace corresponding to that followed by the said pencil or stylus. The reproduction may for example be by means `of a cathode ray tube or a mechanical device comprising a reproducing pencil or stylus whose movements are made to correspond with those of the pencil or stylus at the transmitter.

The invention will be described by way of eX- ample with reference to the accompanying drawings in which:

Figure 1 is a diagrammatic representation of a system according to the invention,

Figure 2 shows in perspective one form that the writing tablet in Figure 1 may take,

Figure 3 is a circuit diagram of the transmitter portion of Figure 1, Figures 4 and 5 are circuit diagrams of different parts of the receiver portion'of Figure 1,

Figure 6 is a circuit diagram of a cathode ray tube which may be used in combination with the circuits of Figs. and'5v to provide one form o1v recorder,

Figure '7 illustrates diagrammatically a modification of a part of Figure l, and

' Figures illustrates diagrammatically another form of recorder,` which may be circuits of Figures 4 and 5.

"Referring to Figure l, aA writing tablet 3 is of rectangular, in this example of square, shape and is'formed of a suitable resistive material, vsuch for example as a nickel-iron alloy. Integral with the tablet are four rectangular extensions I4, I5, I6 and Il which extend from the four edges of the tablet respectively. The extensions are used with the divided into tongues or strips I8 and the tonguesV of ,each extension are connected together at their outer ends by strip-shaped terminals I9, 2D, 2| and 22 of relatively highly conducting material, such as copper; ,'Ifheterminals 2u and 2l are, in` this example, connected together, to earth and to a common terminal of two oscillation gener-Y ators I and 2. The other terminal of the generator I is connected to the strip terminal 22 and the other terminal of the generator 2 is con-'- nected to the strip terminal I9.

The two generators I and 2 are arranged to generate oscillations of different frequencies which will be assumed to be and 300 cycles per second. The frequencies may have any other convenient different values provided that they are high enough for the maximum rate of writing upon the tablet 3.

The result `of the application of the oscillatory potential differences is to establish potential gradients in the tablet 3 in two mutually perpendicular directions. The oscillations at 190 vC. P. S. produce a potential gradient between strip terminals 22 and 20 and those at 300 C. P. S. produce a potential gradient between strip'terminals I9 and 2I.v The amplitude of the potential variations relative to earth at 30() C. P. S. in a direction from left to right will be a minimum at the'left hand edge 23 of the tablet 3 and will increase to a-maximum at the right hand edge 24 of the tablet. Similarly, the amplitude of the potential variations relative to earth -at 190 1C; P; `S.`in a direction up and down in Figure 1 will increase from a minimum at the lower-edge of the tablet to a maximum at the upper edge of the tablet. Thusthe position of any point upon the tablet is dened by the amplitudes of the tWo oscillations at such a point.

, The subdivision of the extensions I4, I5, I6,` I'I into tongues I8 is desirable since itsubstantially prevents flow of current from the strip terminals I9, 20, 2l and 22 into the tablet in any direction but along the lengths of the tongues. The subdivision is, however, not essential.

The extensions I4, I5, I6 and I1 of resistive material are required in order to prevent shortcircuiting of the tablet along its edges. Thus if a strip terminal were connected directly to the edge 23 it would present a short-circuit to current flow between terminals 20 and 22 along that edge.

One convenient constructional forni of the tablet 3 is shown in Figure 2. In this case the tablet 3 of resistive material is carried upon an insulating support 29 and the extensions subdivided into tongues I8 are bent downward at right angles to the surface of the tablet. y

A writing pencil or stylus 4 is of conducting material and its tip can be brought into contact with the surface of the tablet and moved in any desired manner over that surface. The voltage picked up by the stylus 4, relative to earth, will be compounded of two oscillations of the frequencies 190 and 300 C. P. S. of amplitudes representative of the position of the stylus. This voltage is transmitted along a line I3 to a receiver. It will be evident that a radio channel may be used instead of the line I3.

The signal received at a receiver is passed into three channels 26, 21 and 28. Channel 26 ccntains a network 5 for selecting from the composite received signal oscillations of a band of frequencies centred on 300 C. P. S. and for amplifying the'voltage from this network. The output from the network 5 is rectified in a rectifier 6, the unidirectional voltage so obtained is further amplied in a D. C. amplifier 1 and applied to the Y plates of a cathode ray tube I2. The channel 28 contains a chain 9, I0 and I'I coresponding to the chain 5, 6 and 1, but selective of the frequency 190 C. P. S. and the output of the D. C. amplier I I is applied to the X plates of the tube I2.

Since the voltage applied to the Y plates is dependent upon the amplitude of the 300 C. P. S. oscillation and hence to the position of the stylus 4 in an up and down direction in the tablet 3 and since the voltage applied to the X plates is dependent upon the position of the stylus in a direction from right to left on the tablet 3, it can be arranged that the position of the spot produced by the cathode ray beam on the screen of the tube I2 will correspond to the position of the stylus 4 on the tablet 3, provided that the degree of amplication of the signal is suitably chosen and provided that the X and Y plates are so biased that in the absence of a signal the spot occupies a suitable position on the screen. Movements of the stylus whilst in contact with the tablet 3 will be reproduced by corresponding movements of the spot on the tube screen. If this screen is arranged to have a relatively long afterglow, the track produced upon the screen will remain visible for a convenient length of time for observation. Alternatively the image built up on the screen may be photographed and a short afterglow will then suffice. K

The biasing of the X and Y plates is such that the voltage applied to these plates by the signal when the stylus is at the bottom left-hand corner of the tablet 3 positions the spot on the screen of the tube I2 at the bottom left hand corner of the area of the screen on which reproduction is to take place.

It is desirable that the spot Von the screen of the tube I2 should be blacked out until signalling commences when it should be brightened automatically. A further desirable feature is that when the stylus 4 is brought into contact with the surface of the tablet 3 at some point away from the position of rest of the spot, the track followed by the spot, from the position of rest to the said spot should not be visible, that is to say the spot should remain blacked out for a time long enough for the spot to reach any point on the tablet from its position of rest. On the other hand it is desirable that when the stylus is lifted from the tablet, the spot should be blacked out quickly in order to avoid producing a visible track between the last point of contact of the stylus and the position of rest of the spot. Finally, it is desirable that the brightness of the spot should remain substantially constant at all points on the screen of the tube I2. These features are met by a brightening circuit 8 in the channel 21 which controls the intensity of the spot automatically in accordance with the amplitude of the oscillation of one of the component frequencies of the signal, inthe present example that of C. l?. S., the circuit 8 being, therefore, made such as to select a frequency band centred on 190 C. P. S.

The various circuits will now be described in more detail. Referring first to Figure 3, the generators I and 2 of Figure lare indicated within broken line rectangles of the same references. The generator I comprises an oscillator valve 30 with its associated frequency selective circuit elements which need not be described in detail since they are of well-known type. The oscillations at 190 C. P. S. generated by the Valve 30 are amplified by a valve 3| and applied to the terminal 22 of the tablet 3, the terminal 20 being earthed.

The generator 2 comprises an oscillator valve 32 and an amplifier valve 33 and the amplified oscillations from the latter valve are applied through a transformer 34 between termi-nals I9 and 2I. It is to be noted that Figure 3 differs from Figure 1 in the detail that in Figure 3, in effect, so far as the up and down direction and the oscillations of the frequency 190 C. '.P. S. are concerned, the earthed point of the tablet 3 is the centre point thereof.

Voltage picked up by the stylus ll is applied to an amplifying valve 35 and thence to an output terminal I3.

In order to compensate for the fact that it is the centre point of the tablet 3 which is effectively at earth potential whereas it is desired that the datum point should be the left-hand bottom corner of the tablet 3, there is mixed with the voltage applied to the grid of the valve 35 a component of voltage at 300 C. P. S. and of suitable amplitude and phase. This component is derived from the anode circuit of the valve 33 and is fed to the valve 35 through a variable resistor 36 whereby slight adjustment of the amplitude and/or phase of the voltage component can be effected.

Figure 4 shows within broken line rectangles 5, 6, 9 and Ill the correspondingly numbered parts in Figure l, the D. C. amplifiers 1 and II of Figure l being omitted.

The circuit 5 comprises a network 31 rejectlng frequencies around 190 C. P. S. and accepting those around 300 C. P. S. and an amplifying valve 38. The circuit 6 comprises a voltagedoubling diode rectifier 39 and a smoothing circuit 40. The output of this circuit is connected to terminals marked Y1 and Y2.

The circuit 9 comprises a network 4I rejecting frequencies around 300 C. P. S. and passing frequencies around 190 Iier 42. The circuit l comprises a voltagedoubling diode rectier 43 followed by a smoothing circuit 44, the output of which is connected to terminals marked X1 and X2.

The terminals X1, X2, Y1, Y2 are connected respectively to the correspondingly numbered terminals in Figure 6 and thus to the deiiecting plates of the cathode ray tube I2. It is to be noted that a D. C. bias is applied to the plate X1 through the line 6I and resistor 66 and that a D. C. bias is applied to the plate Y1 from a tapping at the junction of resistors 64 and 65 and through resistor 62. This bias serves to deflect the spot off the screen of the cathode ray tube when no signals are being received.

The brightening circuit 8 of Figure 1 is shown in Figure 5. The lower frequency component oscillations of the received signal are derived from the terminal A in Figure 4 and are applied to the correspondingly-numbered terminal in Figure 5. It is to be noted that the arrangement of Figure differs from that of Figure 1 in that the selection of the lower frequency component is effected in the circuit 9 of Figures l and 4 thus avoiding the need for a separate selecting network in the brightening circuit of Figure 5.

The purpose of the circuit of Figure 5 is to apply to the cathode ray tube l2 (Figures l and 6) a Voltage serving to brighten the spot on the screen when there is received a signal containing a component at 190 C. P. S. above a predetermined amplitude level; to maintain the brightness substantially constant whatever the value of the amplitude of this component may be within working limits and above the predetermined level; to introduce a delay in the brightening to permit of the movement of the spot to any part of the screen before brightening occurs; and

nevertheless to cause the spot to be blacked out quickly when the component of 190 C. P. S. falls below the predetermined amplitude level.

The voltage at 190 C. P. S. from terminal A is applied to two amplifying valves 45 and 46 in cascade, a rectifier 41 and a circuit 48 of relatively short time constant to the grid 49 of the cathode ray tube. The control grid of the valve 45 is negatively biased relatively to the cathode and voltage applied at A has to overcome this bias in order that a voltage may be passed to the Valve 46. In this way it can be arranged that the brightening circuit does not become operative until the amplitude of the 190 C. P. S. oscillation received corresponds to a position upon the tablet 3 itself. The value of the lower limiting amplitude for operation of the brightening circuit can be adjusted by means of a potential divider 59. The rectier 41 and circuit 48 supply a D. C. bias to the grid 49 when a voltage at 190 C. P. S. and of appreciable amplitude is received and this brightens the spot. The brightness is prevented from increasing above a suitable value by a limiter 50 connected between the grid 49 and cathode 5| of the tube. The level of brightness can be adjusted by means of a potential divider 52 and the level of limiting by a potential divider 53.

The anode circuit of the valve 45 is also connected to a valve 54 the output of which is rectified by a rectifier 55 and applied to a circuit 56 of relatively long time constant and a unidirectional voltage from this circuit is applied as positive bias to the control grid of the valve 46 which valve is biased to anode current cut-olf in the absence of a Voltage from the circuit 56. The

C. P. S. and a valve ampli--vk voltage from the circuit 56 is prevented from exe' ceeding 'a desired value by a limiter 51 and this value is adjustable by means of a potential divider 58.

When a voltage at C. P. S. sufficient to overcome the bias of the valve 45 reaches this valve no eiect upon the bias of the cathode ray tube grid 49 results initially because the valve 46 is cut oi. After a time determined by the circuit 56, however, a positive bias is applied to the grid of the valve 46, whereupon voltage from the valve 45 applied to the valve 46 is amplied and a positive Vbrightening voltage is applied to the grid 49 of the cathode ray tube.

When the stylus 4 at the transmitter is lifted from the tablet, the signal transmission ceasesv and the positive bias on the grid 49 quickly falls owing to the short time constant of the circuit 48.

Referring again to the transmitter, it may be desirable that a record should be kept of what is written upon the tablet 3. For this purpose a sheet of electrically conducting paper may be placed on the tablet. The paper may be rendered conducting in any convenient way: for instance, it may be electrolytic paper of the kind used in telewriter recording when the track of a stylus is recorded by current passed through paper containing a material which is caused to change colour on the passage of current therethrough. The record may be made by means of such change of colour or a lead pencil may be used as stylus.

When the end of the stylus nearer the tablet can be made sufficiently large, use may be made of the capacity between the stylus end and the tablet in order to pick up Voltage from the tablet. The oscillations are then preferably of suitably higher frequency. In this case the upper surface of the tablet may be permanently coated with a thin insulating layer of insulation of the stylus from the surface of the tablet may be effected by the use of a sheet of ordinary paper or other insulating material laid upon the tablet surface and serving to provide a record. The relatively large end of the stylus may be provided with a pencil lead projecting slightly to mark the paper or other material.

The wire I3 in Figure 1 may, as already stated, be replaced by a radio frequency transmission system and modulation may be in amplitude or frequency. A preferred method is to separate the two frequency components derived from the stylus 4, rectify each of these components and use each rectied voltage to frequency-modulate a carrier of a different frequency. The frequency modulation is then in accordance with the variations in amplitude of the voltages picked up from the tablet and hence with the position of the stylus. At the receiver the two carrier frequencies are separated by suitable tuned circuits and demodulated and the circuits, such as 31 and 4| in Figure 4, for selecting the component frequencies are unnecessary.

An alternative to the cathode ray tube at the receiver is shown diagrammatically in Figure 7. Voltages at terminals X1, X2, Y1 and Y2 in Figure 4, after further amplification if necessary, are applied to correspondingly referenced terminals in Figure 7 to energise two motors 66 and 61. Each of these motors may be of the kind used in a moving-coil voltrneter designed to handle the necessary power. The motor 66 has its shaft connected to a link 68 the free end of which is hinged to a second link 69. The link 69 is hinged at I'IIJ to one end of a link 1I which is hinged at its other fend to one end of -a link 12 the other end of which is fixed to the shaft of the motor 61. A recording stylus 13 is fixed upon the hinge axis at 1U and rests upon material 14, such as paper, on which a record is to be made.

The position of the stylus 13 will then be dependent upon the voltages applied to the motors 66 and 61. This arrangement has the disadvantage that the relation between the voltage applied to the motors and the resulting vmovement of the stylus I3 is not readily made linear.

A modiiication of Figure 1 in which this and other objections to the `arrangement of Figure '1 may be Vovercome is shown diagrammatically in Figure 8. Beneath a table 'I5 supporting the recording paper 14 is a resistive plate 16 of the same construction as that shown at 3, I4, I5, I6, I1, I9, 2li, ZI and 2-2 in Figure l. VMeans such as the generators I vand 2 in Figure l, not shown in Figure 8, are provided to maintain potential gradients at two different frequencies inmutually perpendicular directions across the plate, as described in connection with Figure 1. The fre-A quencies used need not be the same as at the transmitter. A stylus 'l1 rests upon the under side of the plate 16 and is rigidly connected by a member 18 to the stylus 'i3 so that movements of the two styli 13 and 11 are identical.

Received signals are applied at terminal I3 to an amplifier 'I9 and passed to a filter-detector 80 where the frequencies of 190 and 300 C. P. S. are separated and separately rectified to provide outputs at 8l and S2 respectively. Voltage from the stylus 'I1 is applied to an amplifier 83 and thence to a filter-detector '84 by which the two frequencies employed to energise the plate 'I6 are separated and rectied to provide separate outputs at 85 and 86. The terminals 82 and 85 are connected through a resistor 81 and the terminals BI and 85 are connected through a resistor 83.

When the position of the stylus 'I1 (and hence that of the stylus 13) corresponds with that at the transmitter, the voltages at 85 and S5 will be exactly equal to those at SI and `il?. respectively and there will be no potential difference across either resistor 81 or 8S. When there is any difference between the positions of the transmitting and receiving styli, a potential difference wiil occur across one or both of the resistors-81 and 88, this diilerence corresponding to the difference in positions. An adjustable tapping 89 is provided on the resistor Si connected to a D. C. ampliiier 90 and thence to the motor GES. An adjustable tapping 9i on the resistor 88 is connected to a D. C. ampliiier 92 and thence to the motor 61. These motors therefore move to correct the error in position of the receiving stylus13.

The brightening circuit of Figure may be employed `with the arrangement of Figure 8 as follows: The grid als and cathode i of the cathode ray tube in Figure 5 are replaced-by the grid and cathode 9 and 5 I of a valve 93 having its anode connected to a relay 9d. When a positive -voltage appears on the grid fili' the rise in anode current actuates the relay 94 and breaks a circuit including a battery 9- and asolenoidl. The solenoid serves to hold the stylus i3 clear of the surfaceld until the relay v9d is actuated.

If preferred a third frequency may be combined with the two employed to define the-position of the stylus on the tablet, this third frequency being generated when the stylus Il is lifted (or lowzered)A and serving to raise (or lower) thestylus 13.

IIt will be evident that many .variations can be made in the arrangements described within the scope of the invention as dened by the claims.

I claim:

1. In an electric writing telegraph system, a receiver comprising means for receiving two signals representative respectively of two coordinates of the position of a transmitting stylus at a transmitter, means for deriving from said signals two voltages whose magnitudes are dependent, respectively, upon said coordinates, a cathode ray tube having a recording screen and a beam control electrode, means for applying said voltages, respectively, to deflect the beam of said tube in two mutually perpendicular coordinates, a circuit including said control electrode of said tube for maintaining the beam of said tube normally cut off in the absence of said signals, and control means responsive to one ci said signals exceeding a predetermined amplitude to overcome said control electrode cut on bias for establishing said beam in contact with said screen, said control means including an amplifier normally biased below cut off, a circuit of relatively short time constant between said amplifier and said control electrode -to permit a relatively rapid restoration of said amplifier cut-oil bias when one of said signals falls below said predetermined amplitude, a circuit of relatively long time constant, means for applying a portion of said signal to said long time constant circuit, means for deriving a bias voltage from said long time constant circuit and means for applying said last inentioned bias voltage to said amplifier to overcome said normal cut-oir" bias thus rendering said amplirier operative after one of said signals has exceeded said predetermined value.

2. A system according to claim 1 wherein said movable recording element comprises a stylus with means normally maintaining said stylus out of contact with said surface, and said control means comprises means energized by said amplifier to elect movement of said stylus into contact with said surface.

3. A system according to claim l wherein said movable recording element is the electron beam of a cathode ray tube and said means said means normally maintaining said recording element out of contact with said recording surface comprises a grid element of said tube normally biased to cut oit the beam.

4. In an electric writing telegraph system, a receiver comprising means for receiving two signals representative respectively of two co-ordinates of the position of a transmitting stylus at a transmitter, means 'for deriving i'oni said signals respectively two voltages whose magnitudes are dependent upon said co-ordinates respectively, a recorder having a recording surface and a movable recording element, means for applying said voltages respectively to deflect said recording element in two mutually perpendicular coordinates, means normally maintaining said recording element out of contact with said recording surface in the absence of said signals, and control means responsive to one of said signals exceeding a predetermined amplitude for establishing contact between said recording element and the recording surface, said control means including an amplifier normally biased below cut-off, a circuit of relatively short time constant between said amplier and said recording element-to permit restoration of said amplier cut. 01T bias when one of said signals falls below said predetermined amplitude, a circuit of relatively long time constant, means for applying a portion of said signal to the last-named circuit, means for deriving a bias voltage from said lastnamed circuit, and means for applying said last mentioned bias voltage to said amplifier to overcome said normal cut off bias thus rendering said amplifier operative after said one of said signals has exceeded said predetermined value.

ARTHUR LEVIN.

REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the le of this patent:

Number w Number UNITED STATES PATENTS Name Date Little Jan. 9, 1940 Dreyer May 13, 1941 Rosene Mar. 3, 1942 Kupfmuller Jan. 11, 1944 Wilson Feb. 11, 1947 FOREIGN PATENTS Country Date Great Britain Jan. 19, 1937

US2565612A 1947-05-30 1948-06-01 Writing telegraph system Expired - Lifetime US2565612A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
GB2565612X 1947-05-30

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
US2565612A true US2565612A (en) 1951-08-28

Family

ID=10910268

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US2565612A Expired - Lifetime US2565612A (en) 1947-05-30 1948-06-01 Writing telegraph system

Country Status (1)

Country Link
US (1) US2565612A (en)

Cited By (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2621249A (en) * 1950-06-06 1952-12-09 Cons Electric Company Paper feed control apparatus
US2672603A (en) * 1949-04-22 1954-03-16 Ross Karl F Remote-control and indicating system
US2704305A (en) * 1954-06-09 1955-03-15 Donald J Mclaughlin Resistive surface voltage divider network
US2711442A (en) * 1950-09-20 1955-06-21 Telautograph Corp Telescriber
US2900446A (en) * 1954-03-02 1959-08-18 Donald J Mclaughlin Telescriber system
US2975235A (en) * 1955-10-17 1961-03-14 Telautograph Corp Telescribing apparatus
US3032609A (en) * 1959-09-30 1962-05-01 Frederick R Fluhr Position to voltage translator
US3423528A (en) * 1965-03-03 1969-01-21 Ibm Electrographic data sensing system
US3632874A (en) * 1968-12-31 1972-01-04 Anvar Graphic data transcription system
US4112597A (en) * 1977-05-16 1978-09-12 Seaver William H Apparatus for enabling the motion of a scriber to be reproduced

Non-Patent Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Title
None *

Cited By (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2672603A (en) * 1949-04-22 1954-03-16 Ross Karl F Remote-control and indicating system
US2621249A (en) * 1950-06-06 1952-12-09 Cons Electric Company Paper feed control apparatus
US2711442A (en) * 1950-09-20 1955-06-21 Telautograph Corp Telescriber
US2900446A (en) * 1954-03-02 1959-08-18 Donald J Mclaughlin Telescriber system
US2704305A (en) * 1954-06-09 1955-03-15 Donald J Mclaughlin Resistive surface voltage divider network
US2975235A (en) * 1955-10-17 1961-03-14 Telautograph Corp Telescribing apparatus
US3032609A (en) * 1959-09-30 1962-05-01 Frederick R Fluhr Position to voltage translator
US3423528A (en) * 1965-03-03 1969-01-21 Ibm Electrographic data sensing system
US3632874A (en) * 1968-12-31 1972-01-04 Anvar Graphic data transcription system
US4112597A (en) * 1977-05-16 1978-09-12 Seaver William H Apparatus for enabling the motion of a scriber to be reproduced

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US3497617A (en) Electrical position resolver arrangements
US3198880A (en) Photographic disc reproduction of television signals
US2312203A (en) Radio beacon and panoramic reception system
US4182930A (en) Detection and monitoring device
US2057613A (en) Diversity factor receiving system
US2828478A (en) Phasing system for multiple track recording
US2416088A (en) Pulse system
US2381940A (en) Method and apparatus for simultaneous aural and panoramic radio reception
US2570939A (en) Semiconductor reactance circuit
US2260933A (en) Frequency meter
US2580903A (en) Color television system
US2293135A (en) Electronic shorting device
US2368449A (en) Expander circuit for oscilloscopes
US2253867A (en) Diversity receiving system
US2528020A (en) Mask controlled feedback system for cathode-ray tubes
US2089430A (en) Oscillograph system
US3141926A (en) Color recording compensation utilizing traveling wave tube delay
US2719270A (en) Transmission regulation
US2682615A (en) Magnetic switching and gating circuits
US2510670A (en) Scan magnitude control for cathode-ray tubes
US2168566A (en) Television system
US2458291A (en) Deviation correction for cathoderay beams
US2575445A (en) Scanning of sound records
US2326515A (en) Television system
US2925467A (en) Electrographic transmitter