US2034704A - Television receiving system - Google Patents

Television receiving system Download PDF

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Publication number
US2034704A
US2034704A US641708A US64170832A US2034704A US 2034704 A US2034704 A US 2034704A US 641708 A US641708 A US 641708A US 64170832 A US64170832 A US 64170832A US 2034704 A US2034704 A US 2034704A
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Prior art keywords
frequency
image
cathode
braun
waves
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Expired - Lifetime
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US641708A
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Nakashima Tomomasa
Takayanagi Kenjiro
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Nakashima Tomomasa
Takayanagi Kenjiro
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    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04NPICTORIAL COMMUNICATION, e.g. TELEVISION
    • H04N5/00Details of television systems
    • H04N5/66Transforming electric information into light information
    • H04N5/68Circuit details for cathode-ray display tubes

Description

March 24, 1936- T, NAKASHIMA ET AL l TELEVISION RECEIVING SYSTEM Filed Nov. s, 1932 l goooooooooow Patented Mar. 24, 1936 PATENT oFFlcE TELEVISION RECEIVING SYSTEM Tomomasa Nakashima and Kenjro Takayanagi,
Hamamatsu-Shi, `Japan Application November 8, 1932, Serial No. 641,708 1 In'Japan March 30, V1932 3 claims.r (o1. 17a-6) Our-invention relatesto improvements in tele-- vision receiving systems, and more particularly to the system specified in which a cathode-ray tube or Braun tube-is utilized for reproduction 5 of received images.
In the television receiving system of the kind specied, the intensity of 'cathode rayV of the Braun tube at a receiving station represents the brilliancy of successive viewor picture-points scanned by a light-beam at a sending station, and the position of each view-element on the televised view is determined on the screen of the Braun tube by suitable deflections of the cathode ray, as is well-known in the art.
lI-Ieretofore, the reproduced images on the screen of Braun tubev include streaks, Astraight or arcuate, corresponding ,to the scanning lines of the cathode ray, due to the fact that the intensity of cathode raychanges in substantially a, continuous manner between successive viewelements, while the ray moves continuously on the screen. Such streaks are not desirable for` received images, because they obstruct clear perception of the received images.
Itis therefore an object of-our invention to provide means for so reproducing the image on the Braun-tube screen that there is no such undesirable streaks perceived on the image.
It is another object of our invention to obtain means for causing the cathode rayto have an intensity representative of the brilliancy of the corresponding view-element at the sending station, and in the form of a point at such a position only on the Braun-tube screen that corresponds to the said picture points.
A further object of our invention is to provide a television receiving system wherein received carrier-waves of radio-frequency with imagemodulation are transformed to mid-frequency waves with the same modulation for controlling the intensity of cathode ray. 'I'he mid-frequency corresponds to number of picture points scanned per second.
There are other objects and particularities of 4,5 our invention, which will be apparent from the following description of a preferred embodiment of our invention, with reference to the accompanying drawing, wherein:-
Fig. 1 is a schematic diagram of a television receiving system embodying our invention.
Fig. 2 is a curve diagram illustrative of the principle underlying our invention.
Fig. 3 is a schematic representation 'of a constitution of the improved image on the Braun- 55 tube screen.
Referring to Fig. 1, the system comprises an antenna system l for receiving radio-frequency carrier-Waves with image-modulation, transmitted from a sending station, not shown. The received waves are amplified by an amplifying device A. The output terminals of the amplifier A is associated with a local oscillator B to obtain a beat frequency corresponding in number of -cycles per second tothe number of picture points scanned per second at` the sending station, say two hundred-thousand cycles per second.
It will be understood that the size of each picture point corresponds tothe sectional area of the scanning spot light or light-beam, and the number of picture points scanned per second may be assumed to be the ratio of the area scanned per second to the sectional area of the scanning light spot.
The resultant beat-frequency or beat-frequency waves have the same image-modulation with the received radio-frequency waves, and are amplined by an amplifying device C. Y
The devices A, B and C, per se, may be of any well-known construction and operation, and it will not be necessary to describe or Villustrate the d details thereof. The beat-frequency wave from thedevice Cis applied through a transformer 2 to the grid circuit of a Braun-tube 3.
The Braun tube 3 comprises, as usual, a thermionic cathode 4, a control electrode or grid 5, an anode 6, and a fluorescence screen l0. The tube also comprises two sets of deflecting devices, not shown, for respectively deflecting the cathode ray from the cathode llv in one direction, or in the direction a--b in Fig. 3, at the so-called scanningfrequency, and in the other direction vertical to the former, or in the direction c-d in Fig. 3, at the so-called framing-frequency. The deflecting devices themselves are well-known in the art, and any further description or illustration will not be necessary.
The potential of the grid 5 consists of two components, that is, the normal negative-biasing potential of a battery 1 and the secondary potential of the beat-frequency transformer 2.
As is well-known, the Braun tube 3 has a rectifying action, and if the normal negative-biasing potential Eg is suitably selected in accordance with the rectifying function imposed on the Braun tube, only the half waves of the beat-frequency oscillation act to control the electron stream in conjunction with the battery 1.
Referring to Fig. 2, the grid potential of the Braun tube 3 is plotted on the abscissa OX, and the ordinate measures the intensity I of cathode ray from the cathode 4. The grid 5 has a normal negative-biasing potential Eg, and as the negative potential of the grid decreases, the cathode-ray current I increases according to the characteristic curve II.
'I'he secondary potential of the transformer 2 is added to the normal biasing potential Eg, and owing to the characteristic curve I I, the negative half waves of the secondary potential cannot control the intensity I, but the positive half waves control the cathode-ray current I or the brilliancy of the Braun-tube screen I0, according to the image-modulation.
The secondary potential of the transformer 2 consists of spaced successive waves I2, I2', I2, with image-modulation, and their number of occurrence per second is equal to the number of picture points scanned per secondA at the sending station, and the cathode-ray current occurs intermittently as shown byA curves I3, I3', I3", with intensity and at uniform intervals, corresponding to the intensity and period of the waves I2, I2 I2, respectively, and the Braun-tube screen Ill is caused to fluoresce at successively spaced spots, while the cathode ray is being deflected, as schematically shown by circles I4, I4', I4", the diameters of which appropriately represent the brilliancy of the corresponding spots, respectively.
Thus, according to our invention, the image on the screen I0 is constructed by series of spotbrilliance I4, I4, I4", as shown in Fig. 3, with substantial mutual separation, and perception of undesirable lines is obviated.
While we have shown only one embodiment of our invention, it will be recognized that this is only by way of illustration of general principles and that our invention is not limited to the particular means illustrated, but various changes, modifications and alterations may be made without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention as defined in the appended claims.
We claiml as our invention:-
1. A television receiving system, comprising an antenna system for receiving radio-frequency waves with image-modulation consisting of a number of picture points, a local oscillationgenerator so associated with said antenna system as to produce local beat frequency oscillation with the same image-modulation, said beat frequency being equal to the number of picture points per second, a cathode-ray producing device having a control electrode, a negative bias for said control electrode to give said device rectifying feature,l and means for supplying said beat frequency oscillation to said control electrode whereby no streak is perceived on the image.
2. A television` receiving system, comprising an antenna system for receiving radio-frequency waves with image-modulation consisting of a number ofpicture points, an amplifying device energized from said antenna system, a local oscillation-generator so associated with said amplyfying device as to produce local beat frequency oscillation With the same image-modulation, said beat frequency being equal to the number of picture points per second, amplifying devices for said beat frequency waves, a Braun tube having a control electrode, a negative bias for said control electrode to give said Braun tube rectifying feature, and means for applying said beat frequency oscillation to said control electrode whereby nostreak is perceived on the image.
3. A television receiving, system, comprising an antenna system for receiving radio-frequency waves with image-modulation consisting of a number of picture points, a local oscillation-y generator so associated with said antenna system as to produce local beat frequency oscillation with the same image-modulation, said beat frequency being equal to the number of picture. points per second, an amplifying device for said beat frequency oscillation, aL Braun tube having a control electrode, ak negative bias for said electrode to give said Braun tube rectifying feature, and means for adding the effect of said beat fre-V quency oscillation to said bias in the oppositel sense thereto whereby no streak is perceived on the image.
TOMOMASA NAKASHIMA. KENJIRO TAKAYANAGI.
US641708A 1932-03-30 1932-11-08 Television receiving system Expired - Lifetime US2034704A (en)

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Cited By (15)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2479880A (en) * 1936-07-04 1949-08-23 Toulon Pierre Marie Gabriel Discontinuous interlaced scanning system
US2597054A (en) * 1942-11-17 1952-05-20 Cfcmug Coupling for cathode-ray tubes
US2669608A (en) * 1950-10-27 1954-02-16 Bell Telephone Labor Inc Noise reduction in quantized pulse transmission systems with large quanta
US2678349A (en) * 1949-09-14 1954-05-11 Forbes Gordon Donald Periodic line interruption with vertical alignment of segmented portions of kinescope raster
US2709230A (en) * 1949-06-07 1955-05-24 Nat Res Dev Electrical information storage means
US2741719A (en) * 1950-09-27 1956-04-10 Rauland Corp Method and apparatus for inscribing a pattern in a target electrode structure
US2745037A (en) * 1951-12-18 1956-05-08 Rca Corp Keying arrangement for single beam color tube
US2798114A (en) * 1950-10-12 1957-07-02 Motorola Inc Dot-arresting, television scanning system
US2807749A (en) * 1951-08-15 1957-09-24 Nat Res Dev Apparatus for the electrical storage of digital information
US2823258A (en) * 1951-03-07 1958-02-11 Motorola Inc Television dot scanning system
US2826715A (en) * 1950-09-25 1958-03-11 Nat Res Dev Electronic storage of information
US2862139A (en) * 1951-07-30 1958-11-25 Nat Res Dev Electrostatic storage of digital information
US2948830A (en) * 1947-10-02 1960-08-09 Ibm Electrical storage apparatus
US2969478A (en) * 1949-06-10 1961-01-24 Sperry Rand Corp Information storage system
US4228459A (en) * 1978-01-26 1980-10-14 Unirad Corporation Electronic black matrix circuitry

Families Citing this family (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE755062C (en) * 1935-07-12 1952-12-01 Lorenz C Ag Circuit arrangement for television reception using intermediate frequency amplification
NL50478C (en) * 1936-03-21
DE892911C (en) * 1939-03-29 1953-10-12 Telefunken Gmbh TV camera with a picture tube for observing the scanned image field

Cited By (15)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2479880A (en) * 1936-07-04 1949-08-23 Toulon Pierre Marie Gabriel Discontinuous interlaced scanning system
US2597054A (en) * 1942-11-17 1952-05-20 Cfcmug Coupling for cathode-ray tubes
US2948830A (en) * 1947-10-02 1960-08-09 Ibm Electrical storage apparatus
US2709230A (en) * 1949-06-07 1955-05-24 Nat Res Dev Electrical information storage means
US2969478A (en) * 1949-06-10 1961-01-24 Sperry Rand Corp Information storage system
US2678349A (en) * 1949-09-14 1954-05-11 Forbes Gordon Donald Periodic line interruption with vertical alignment of segmented portions of kinescope raster
US2826715A (en) * 1950-09-25 1958-03-11 Nat Res Dev Electronic storage of information
US2741719A (en) * 1950-09-27 1956-04-10 Rauland Corp Method and apparatus for inscribing a pattern in a target electrode structure
US2798114A (en) * 1950-10-12 1957-07-02 Motorola Inc Dot-arresting, television scanning system
US2669608A (en) * 1950-10-27 1954-02-16 Bell Telephone Labor Inc Noise reduction in quantized pulse transmission systems with large quanta
US2823258A (en) * 1951-03-07 1958-02-11 Motorola Inc Television dot scanning system
US2862139A (en) * 1951-07-30 1958-11-25 Nat Res Dev Electrostatic storage of digital information
US2807749A (en) * 1951-08-15 1957-09-24 Nat Res Dev Apparatus for the electrical storage of digital information
US2745037A (en) * 1951-12-18 1956-05-08 Rca Corp Keying arrangement for single beam color tube
US4228459A (en) * 1978-01-26 1980-10-14 Unirad Corporation Electronic black matrix circuitry

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FR743061A (en) 1933-03-23

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