US2557434A - Supporting fixture - Google Patents

Supporting fixture Download PDF

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Publication number
US2557434A
US2557434A US106546A US10654649A US2557434A US 2557434 A US2557434 A US 2557434A US 106546 A US106546 A US 106546A US 10654649 A US10654649 A US 10654649A US 2557434 A US2557434 A US 2557434A
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Prior art keywords
body
suction
adhesive
cup
fixture
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Expired - Lifetime
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US106546A
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Wallace P Hoverder
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Wallace P Hoverder
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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16BDEVICES FOR FASTENING OR SECURING CONSTRUCTIONAL ELEMENTS OR MACHINE PARTS TOGETHER, e.g. NAILS, BOLTS, CIRCLIPS, CLAMPS, CLIPS, WEDGES, JOINTS OR JOINTING
    • F16B47/00Suction cups for attaching purposes; Equivalent means using adhesives
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A47FURNITURE; DOMESTIC ARTICLES OR APPLIANCES; COFFEE MILLS; SPICE MILLS; SUCTION CLEANERS IN GENERAL
    • A47FSPECIAL FURNITURE, FITTINGS, OR ACCESSORIES FOR SHOPS, STOREHOUSES, BARS, RESTAURANTS OR THE LIKE; PAYING COUNTERS
    • A47F5/00Show stands, hangers, or shelves characterised by their constructional features
    • A47F5/08Show stands, hangers, or shelves characterised by their constructional features secured to the wall, ceiling, or the like; Wall-bracket display devices
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T24/00Buckles, buttons, clasps, etc.
    • Y10T24/36Button with fastener
    • Y10T24/3687Heat or adhesive secured type

Description

June 19, 1951 w. P. HOVERDER SUPPORTING FIXTURE 7 Filed July 25, 1949 INVENTOR. Waj/ace P flame/dew Patented June 19, 1951 UNETED STATES EN T OFFICE 3 Claims.

This invention relates to supporting fixtures of the character applicable to small articles that are to be mounted upon substantially flat surfaces, and the primary aim of the invention is to provide a supporting fixture of the suction-cup type that will embody means for augmenting the clinging property of the conventional suction-cup and insure that the article being supported will not accidentally be released from the desired operative position.

One of the important objects of this invention is the provision of a supporting fixture of the suction-cup type provided with adhesive substance movable to an operative position when the suction-cup is compressed against a substantially flat surface to operate as means for affixing an article in place on said surface.

A further aim of the invention is to provide a supporting fixture of the aforementioned character and having as a part thereof a conventional suction-cup, which suction-cup has a cavity formed at the axis thereof and a capsule of frangible substance in said cavity and filled with adhesive material that will supplement the clinging action of the suction-cup when the latter lies flattened against a supporting surface.

A further object of the invention is to provide a supporting fixture that has a suction-cup body and cavities formed in said body to provide a number of adhesive-carrying elements, which, when brought into the operative position, will all serve as means for assisting the normal action of the suction-cup in maintaining the same in an operative position.

Further objects of the invention will appear during the course of the following specification referring to the accompanying drawing, wherein:

Fig. 1 is a perspective view of a pair of supporting fixtures made in accordance with the present invention and showing the same in place upon a shelf to be supported.

Fig. 2 is an enlarged, elevational view of the concave face of a supporting fixture showing the continuous adhesive-carrying groove and a part of the cover, removed therefrom.

Fig. 3 is a cross-sectional view taken on line III-III of Fig. 2; and

Fig. 4 is a cross-sectional view similar to that shown by Fig. 3 but with the suction-cup fiattened against a supporting surface.

It has been the experience of those using suction-cups as supporting elements for various articles, to encounter objectionable release of the suction-cup when the same is applied to certain types of surfaces and, further, to experience a 2 releasing tendency on the part of the suction-cup after it has been in place for an appreciable length of time.

The main object of this invention is to supplement the clinging action of the suction-cup with properly positioned patches of adhesive that will come into operative engagement with a supporting surface when the suction-cup is flattened.

In the drawing, suction-cup I0 is of the conventional character and has a concave face l2 at one side thereof and means it at the opposite side for securing an article to be supported thereto. In the illustrated instance, shelf i6 is the article being supported by the pair of fixtures shown in Fig. 1, and each of these fixtures is formed as shown in Figs. 2, 3 and 4.

The body H] has a cavity l8 at the axis thereof which extends inwardly from concave face I2. This cavity receives a capsule 20 of frangible material and a filling of adhesive 22 is in capsule 20 when the fixture is sold for use.

Thin cellophane or a light ceramic substance will produce a workable and satisfactory frangible capsule 2B and adhesive 22 may be in the form of the well known rubber cement or glue of any character capable of forming a bond between the body It! and supporting surface 24 (Fig. 4).

A second cavity in the form of a continuous groove 26 is created in body I6 and this groove circumscribes cavity 13 and is spaced inwardly from the perimeter of the suction-cup or body II], as clearly shown in Figs. 2 and 3.

A filling 28 of suitable adhesive substance such as that mentioned above is Within this groove 26 and since this adhesive 28 is fiowable, a protecting sheet of material 38 is placed over the groove 26 when the fixture is manufactured and made ready for sale to the ultimate user. When the body In is flattened against a substantially planar surface 26, as shown in Fig. 4, the capsule 20 will break under pressure exerted by the person applying the fixture and release the adhesive material 22 to seek its place between the surface I2 of body 10 and the surface 24. Before applying the fixture, protecting material 38 is removed to expose the adhesive 28 and therefore, when the body I!) is in the position shown in Fig. i, a line of adherence defined by groove 26 will be established between body ID and surface 24 and the adhesive 22 originally in frangible capsule 20, will establish an area of adhesion at the axis of the suction-cup where the greatest outward pull ccurs.

The protecting covering 30 is of sheet material With an adhesive 32 on one side as shown in Fig.

2. This adhesive does not harden but allows the covering 30 to be peeled away from a place closing groove 25 to allow the adhesive 28 to function.

Having thus described the invention, what is claimed as new and desired to be secured by Letters Patent is:

1. A supporting fixture of the character described comprising a suction-cup, having means of attachment to the article to be supported and a resilient body with a concave face; a continuous groove formed in the said body and extending inwardly from the concave face; a filling of flowable adhesive material in the cavity to augment the clinging property of the body when the same is flattened against a substantially fiat ce; and a quickly removable cover of sheet material closing the mouth of the groove to retain the flowable adhesive the groove before the fixture is prepared for use.

2. A supporting fixture of the character described comprising a suction-cup, having means of attachment to the article to be supported and a resilient body with a concave face; a cavity formed in the said body and extending inwardly from the concave face; and a capsule of frangible material having a filling of flowable adhesive in the cavity whereby upon flattening the body against a substantially flat surface, the adhesive is released to augment the clinging property of the body in holding the fixture in place.

3. A supporting fixture of the character de scribed comprising a suction-cup, having means of attachment to an article to be supported and a resilient body provided with a concave face; a continuous groove formed in the said body and extending inwardly from the concave face; a filling of flowable adhesive material in the groove to augment the clinging property of the body when the same is flattened against a substantially fiat surface; a quickly removable cover of sheet material closing the mouth of the groove to retain the flowable adhesive in the groove before the fixture is prepared for use; a cavity formed in the said body and extending inwardly from the concave face; and a capsule of frangible material having a filling of fiowable adhesive in the cavity whereby upon flattening the body against a substantially rlat surface, the last mentioned adhesive is released to augment the clinging property of the body in holding the fixture in place, said continuous groove being spaced from and circumscribing the cavity and spaced inwardly from one edge of the body.

WALLACE P. HOVERDER.

REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the file of this patent:

UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Name Date 1,652,488 Lundblad Dec. 13, 1927 1,859,893 Ritz-Woller May 24, 1932 1,885,501 Wilson Nov. 1, 1932 2,451,194 Braun Oct. 12, 1948

US106546A 1949-07-25 1949-07-25 Supporting fixture Expired - Lifetime US2557434A (en)

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Cited By (52)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2725255A (en) * 1953-08-12 1955-11-29 Budd Co Slip resistant vacuum cups
US2739745A (en) * 1950-06-24 1956-03-27 L M Leathers Sons Pants guard
US2852691A (en) * 1949-09-29 1958-09-16 Polaroid Corp Radiation detection devices
US2940713A (en) * 1956-05-07 1960-06-14 Dusen Engineering Company Van Vacuum cup attachment device
US2974806A (en) * 1957-06-27 1961-03-14 Seewack Benjamin Shower rod holder
US3176364A (en) * 1959-10-06 1965-04-06 Dritz Arthur Separable fastener
US3194406A (en) * 1963-12-04 1965-07-13 Simeti Samuel Hanger
US3295810A (en) * 1965-03-03 1967-01-03 Irving L Kintish Article attaching means
US3466220A (en) * 1965-03-23 1969-09-09 Sidney Allinikov Expandable self-rigidizing honeycomb structure
US3776497A (en) * 1972-05-31 1973-12-04 B Mwanyoha Shelving support
US3976274A (en) * 1975-05-27 1976-08-24 The United States Of America As Represented By The Secretary Of The Navy Permanent attachment for suction cups
US4302492A (en) * 1979-09-13 1981-11-24 Physical Systems Adhesive attachment
US4338151A (en) * 1979-09-13 1982-07-06 Physical Systems, Inc. Method of securing an adhesive attachment assembly to a substrate
US4390576A (en) * 1980-09-19 1983-06-28 Physical Systems, Inc. Adhesive attachment assembly
US4495641A (en) * 1983-07-11 1985-01-22 Raymond Vernino Microphone pickup for musical instruments
US4555206A (en) * 1978-08-24 1985-11-26 Theodore Sweeney & Co. Adhesively securable fastener
FR2581345A1 (en) * 1985-05-06 1986-11-07 Illinois Tool Works adhesive fastener has friction welding
US4648572A (en) * 1985-09-17 1987-03-10 Detroit Bracket Co., Inc. Bracket for supporting a radar detector or like device
US4668546A (en) * 1985-09-04 1987-05-26 Physical Systems, Inc. Fixture for securing an adhesive attachment to a substrate
US4685752A (en) * 1986-10-06 1987-08-11 Costar Lowell W Electrical connector
US4693652A (en) * 1978-08-24 1987-09-15 Theodore Sweeney & Company, Inc. Adhesively securable fastener
US4778702A (en) * 1985-09-04 1988-10-18 Physical Systems, Inc. Adhesive attachment and mounting fixture
US4822656A (en) * 1985-09-04 1989-04-18 Physical Systems, Inc. Fixture for securing an adhesive attachment to a substrate
US4830558A (en) * 1978-08-24 1989-05-16 Theodore J. Sweeney & Co. Adhesively securable fastener
US4842912A (en) * 1985-09-04 1989-06-27 Physical Systems, Inc. Adhesive attachment and mounting fixture
US4896855A (en) * 1988-11-21 1990-01-30 Cincinnati Microwave, Inc. Pivotal windshield mount
US5044852A (en) * 1978-08-24 1991-09-03 Theodore Sweeney & Company, Inc. Vacuum fixed adhesively secured fastener
US5047102A (en) * 1989-10-11 1991-09-10 Better Sleep Manufacturing Co. Adhesion of suction cup mounted devices on a porous wall
US5331693A (en) * 1992-09-21 1994-07-26 Petersen Kimberlee C Lady's footrest for use in the bath
WO1995009548A1 (en) * 1993-10-01 1995-04-13 Selfix, Inc. Encapsulated adhesive system for a load-bearing support device
US5423095A (en) * 1993-05-17 1995-06-13 Bearer; Gene M. Bathtub partition
US5571411A (en) * 1994-04-13 1996-11-05 Butler; Norman P. Magnetic attachment for filtering oil
US5631426A (en) * 1995-08-28 1997-05-20 The Goodyear Tire & Rubber Company Sensors for vibration detection
US5964437A (en) * 1997-10-27 1999-10-12 Belokin; Paul Mounting support
EP1156550A1 (en) * 2000-05-15 2001-11-21 National Starch and Chemical Investment Holding Corporation Electrical connector with a suction cup
DE10301533A1 (en) * 2003-01-17 2004-08-05 Daimlerchrysler Ag Arrangement of abutment on especially structural part of motor vehicle has flange glued to fastening surface on component side, with flange and/or fastening surface constructed flat or curved and conformable to one another
DE102004031551A1 (en) * 2004-06-29 2006-01-26 A. Raymond & Cie Fastener is shaped like a bolt and has recess in head, into which plug of hot melt adhesive fits, vertical ribs around circumference of recess holding plug in place
US20060021266A1 (en) * 2004-07-27 2006-02-02 Helwig Lawrence L Off-the-ground cemetery memorials
US7051885B2 (en) 2003-04-07 2006-05-30 Displays By Martin Paul, Inc. - Creative Center Cross-merchandising display shelf
US20060145043A1 (en) * 2004-12-30 2006-07-06 Hannspree, Inc. Display device with a foldable suspension arm
US20060175744A1 (en) * 2005-02-04 2006-08-10 Lemire Robert J Positionable suction cup platform
US20070163039A1 (en) * 2005-12-28 2007-07-19 Lee Shun C Device for supporting a foot
US20070224387A1 (en) * 2004-06-29 2007-09-27 A. Raymond & Cie Fastening Arrangement
US20070246621A1 (en) * 2006-04-20 2007-10-25 Sony Corporation Suction cup
US20080078896A1 (en) * 2006-09-28 2008-04-03 Gm Global Technology Operations, Inc. Active material based suction cups
US20080251664A1 (en) * 2006-11-10 2008-10-16 Sony Corporation Suction cup device
US20090057510A1 (en) * 2007-08-28 2009-03-05 John Orban Suction cup
US20100140437A1 (en) * 2007-08-28 2010-06-10 John Orban Suction cup
US20110099795A1 (en) * 2009-10-29 2011-05-05 Dell Skluzak Automotive glass-setting tool
US20130298357A1 (en) * 2010-12-23 2013-11-14 Robert Alexander Goehlich Fastening arrangement for fastening a component of an aircraft of spacecraft, adhesive retainer of a fastening arrangement of this type and aircraft or spacecraft having a fastening arrangement of this type and/or adhesive retainer of this type
US8641000B1 (en) * 2008-09-10 2014-02-04 Frances W. Eide Tile holder and methods of use
US9488214B2 (en) 2015-03-06 2016-11-08 John Orban Armature-based suction device

Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1359893A (en) * 1920-05-22 1920-11-23 Harry A Hopkins Tile and mosaic wall-covering
US1652488A (en) * 1924-09-05 1927-12-13 Emil O Lundblad Suction-fastening device
US1885501A (en) * 1930-06-18 1932-11-01 Crystal Tissue Company Flat sheet dispensing package
US2451194A (en) * 1945-10-03 1948-10-12 Braun Frank Conrad Adhesive-containing suction cup

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1359893A (en) * 1920-05-22 1920-11-23 Harry A Hopkins Tile and mosaic wall-covering
US1652488A (en) * 1924-09-05 1927-12-13 Emil O Lundblad Suction-fastening device
US1885501A (en) * 1930-06-18 1932-11-01 Crystal Tissue Company Flat sheet dispensing package
US2451194A (en) * 1945-10-03 1948-10-12 Braun Frank Conrad Adhesive-containing suction cup

Cited By (59)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2852691A (en) * 1949-09-29 1958-09-16 Polaroid Corp Radiation detection devices
US2739745A (en) * 1950-06-24 1956-03-27 L M Leathers Sons Pants guard
US2725255A (en) * 1953-08-12 1955-11-29 Budd Co Slip resistant vacuum cups
US2940713A (en) * 1956-05-07 1960-06-14 Dusen Engineering Company Van Vacuum cup attachment device
US2974806A (en) * 1957-06-27 1961-03-14 Seewack Benjamin Shower rod holder
US3176364A (en) * 1959-10-06 1965-04-06 Dritz Arthur Separable fastener
US3194406A (en) * 1963-12-04 1965-07-13 Simeti Samuel Hanger
US3295810A (en) * 1965-03-03 1967-01-03 Irving L Kintish Article attaching means
US3466220A (en) * 1965-03-23 1969-09-09 Sidney Allinikov Expandable self-rigidizing honeycomb structure
US3776497A (en) * 1972-05-31 1973-12-04 B Mwanyoha Shelving support
US3976274A (en) * 1975-05-27 1976-08-24 The United States Of America As Represented By The Secretary Of The Navy Permanent attachment for suction cups
US5044852A (en) * 1978-08-24 1991-09-03 Theodore Sweeney & Company, Inc. Vacuum fixed adhesively secured fastener
US4830558A (en) * 1978-08-24 1989-05-16 Theodore J. Sweeney & Co. Adhesively securable fastener
US4693652A (en) * 1978-08-24 1987-09-15 Theodore Sweeney & Company, Inc. Adhesively securable fastener
US4555206A (en) * 1978-08-24 1985-11-26 Theodore Sweeney & Co. Adhesively securable fastener
US4338151A (en) * 1979-09-13 1982-07-06 Physical Systems, Inc. Method of securing an adhesive attachment assembly to a substrate
US4302492A (en) * 1979-09-13 1981-11-24 Physical Systems Adhesive attachment
US4390576A (en) * 1980-09-19 1983-06-28 Physical Systems, Inc. Adhesive attachment assembly
US4495641A (en) * 1983-07-11 1985-01-22 Raymond Vernino Microphone pickup for musical instruments
FR2581345A1 (en) * 1985-05-06 1986-11-07 Illinois Tool Works adhesive fastener has friction welding
US4668546A (en) * 1985-09-04 1987-05-26 Physical Systems, Inc. Fixture for securing an adhesive attachment to a substrate
US4842912A (en) * 1985-09-04 1989-06-27 Physical Systems, Inc. Adhesive attachment and mounting fixture
US4778702A (en) * 1985-09-04 1988-10-18 Physical Systems, Inc. Adhesive attachment and mounting fixture
US4822656A (en) * 1985-09-04 1989-04-18 Physical Systems, Inc. Fixture for securing an adhesive attachment to a substrate
US4648572A (en) * 1985-09-17 1987-03-10 Detroit Bracket Co., Inc. Bracket for supporting a radar detector or like device
US4685752A (en) * 1986-10-06 1987-08-11 Costar Lowell W Electrical connector
US4896855A (en) * 1988-11-21 1990-01-30 Cincinnati Microwave, Inc. Pivotal windshield mount
US5047102A (en) * 1989-10-11 1991-09-10 Better Sleep Manufacturing Co. Adhesion of suction cup mounted devices on a porous wall
US5331693A (en) * 1992-09-21 1994-07-26 Petersen Kimberlee C Lady's footrest for use in the bath
US5423095A (en) * 1993-05-17 1995-06-13 Bearer; Gene M. Bathtub partition
WO1995009548A1 (en) * 1993-10-01 1995-04-13 Selfix, Inc. Encapsulated adhesive system for a load-bearing support device
US5571411A (en) * 1994-04-13 1996-11-05 Butler; Norman P. Magnetic attachment for filtering oil
US5631426A (en) * 1995-08-28 1997-05-20 The Goodyear Tire & Rubber Company Sensors for vibration detection
US5964437A (en) * 1997-10-27 1999-10-12 Belokin; Paul Mounting support
EP1156550A1 (en) * 2000-05-15 2001-11-21 National Starch and Chemical Investment Holding Corporation Electrical connector with a suction cup
DE10301533A1 (en) * 2003-01-17 2004-08-05 Daimlerchrysler Ag Arrangement of abutment on especially structural part of motor vehicle has flange glued to fastening surface on component side, with flange and/or fastening surface constructed flat or curved and conformable to one another
US7051885B2 (en) 2003-04-07 2006-05-30 Displays By Martin Paul, Inc. - Creative Center Cross-merchandising display shelf
DE102004031551A1 (en) * 2004-06-29 2006-01-26 A. Raymond & Cie Fastener is shaped like a bolt and has recess in head, into which plug of hot melt adhesive fits, vertical ribs around circumference of recess holding plug in place
US20070224387A1 (en) * 2004-06-29 2007-09-27 A. Raymond & Cie Fastening Arrangement
US7563506B2 (en) 2004-06-29 2009-07-21 A. Raymond Et Cie Fixing device
DE102004031551B4 (en) * 2004-06-29 2008-04-17 A. Raymond Et Cie mounting assembly
US20060021266A1 (en) * 2004-07-27 2006-02-02 Helwig Lawrence L Off-the-ground cemetery memorials
US7210662B2 (en) * 2004-12-30 2007-05-01 Hannspree, Inc. Display device with a foldable suspension arm
US20060145043A1 (en) * 2004-12-30 2006-07-06 Hannspree, Inc. Display device with a foldable suspension arm
US20060175744A1 (en) * 2005-02-04 2006-08-10 Lemire Robert J Positionable suction cup platform
US20070163039A1 (en) * 2005-12-28 2007-07-19 Lee Shun C Device for supporting a foot
US7690609B2 (en) * 2006-04-20 2010-04-06 Sony Corporation Suction cup
US20070246621A1 (en) * 2006-04-20 2007-10-25 Sony Corporation Suction cup
US8096537B2 (en) * 2006-09-28 2012-01-17 GM Global Technology Operations LLC Active material based suction cups
US20080078896A1 (en) * 2006-09-28 2008-04-03 Gm Global Technology Operations, Inc. Active material based suction cups
US20080251664A1 (en) * 2006-11-10 2008-10-16 Sony Corporation Suction cup device
US7635111B2 (en) * 2006-11-10 2009-12-22 Sony Corporation Suction cup device
US20090057510A1 (en) * 2007-08-28 2009-03-05 John Orban Suction cup
US20100140437A1 (en) * 2007-08-28 2010-06-10 John Orban Suction cup
US8641000B1 (en) * 2008-09-10 2014-02-04 Frances W. Eide Tile holder and methods of use
US20110099795A1 (en) * 2009-10-29 2011-05-05 Dell Skluzak Automotive glass-setting tool
US8572835B2 (en) * 2009-10-29 2013-11-05 Dell Skluzak Automotive glass-setting tool
US20130298357A1 (en) * 2010-12-23 2013-11-14 Robert Alexander Goehlich Fastening arrangement for fastening a component of an aircraft of spacecraft, adhesive retainer of a fastening arrangement of this type and aircraft or spacecraft having a fastening arrangement of this type and/or adhesive retainer of this type
US9488214B2 (en) 2015-03-06 2016-11-08 John Orban Armature-based suction device

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