US2545312A - Garment shield - Google Patents

Garment shield Download PDF

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Publication number
US2545312A
US2545312A US2707A US270748A US2545312A US 2545312 A US2545312 A US 2545312A US 2707 A US2707 A US 2707A US 270748 A US270748 A US 270748A US 2545312 A US2545312 A US 2545312A
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United States
Prior art keywords
shield
garment
piece
edges
cloth
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Expired - Lifetime
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US2707A
Inventor
Saari Mathew
Cesare Victor De
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J SCHOENEMAN Inc
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J SCHOENEMAN Inc
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Publication date
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Priority to US2707A priority Critical patent/US2545312A/en
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Publication of US2545312A publication Critical patent/US2545312A/en
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A41WEARING APPAREL
    • A41DOUTERWEAR; PROTECTIVE GARMENTS; ACCESSORIES
    • A41D27/00Details of garments or of their making
    • A41D27/12Shields or protectors
    • A41D27/13Under-arm shields

Description

March 13, 1951 M. sAARl ETAL GARMENT SHIELD 2 Sheets-Sheet l Filed Jan. 16, 1948 W w M March 13, 1951 M. sAARl Erm. 2,545,312
GARMENT SHIELD Filed Jan. 16, 1948 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 mClJrheur Saou/ @wml \/i @hw DeCesQve Patented Mar. 13, .19751 GARMENT SHIELD Mathew Saari and Victor De Cesare, Baltimore, Md., assignors to J. Schoeneman, Incorporated, Baltimore, Md., a corporation of Maryland Application January 16, 1948, Serial No. 2,707
6 Claims.
This invention relates to a garment shield primarily adapted to besewed into a coat or jacket( under the arm to prevent wear or wrinkling of that part of the garment and to prevent perspiration from injuring theV garment. The invention is primarily directed to a one piece shield which may be completely finished with only one line of stitching. It may be made in any desired size and after sewing in the `-armpit, it requires tacking at onlyone point to be maintained in smooth position. It may of course be made of the same material as the garment lining and it presents a smooth outer surface of one piece and from its outward appearance, it appears to be only one piece of cloth with the edges turned in or under, and in fact these edges are not only turned in but are vStitched together at the center of the back to complete the one piece shield. It will of course be apparent that the shield may be placed adjacent to other openings in garments where it may be desired to protect the garments, as well as adjacent the attachment of the sleeve to the coat or jacket.
Other advantages and objects of the invention will be apparent from the following description and the accompanying drawings forming a part hereof and in which:
Figure 1 shows the inside of a coat with the shield attached at the lower side of the armhole.
Figure 2 is an enlarged cross sectional View on line 2 2 of Figure 1.
Figure 3 is a rear elevation of the shield.
Figure 4 is an elevation of the shield extended, showing the fold lines.
Figure 5 is an elevation showing the shield of `Figure 4`folded double, after stitching.
Figure 6 is` an end view from the topuof Figure 5.
Figure '7 is a rear elevational View of the shield of Figure 5 turned right side out and pulled into its triangular shape.
Figure 8 is a sectional View on line 8-8 of Figure '7, before the back of the shield has been pressed into place.
The shield is initially made from a substantially rectangular piece of cloth having an exact shape or pattern as shown in Figure 4. The top 9 is concave, to fit the coat armhole, the ends I0 are similarly concave, each to coincide when folded withone half of the top 9. The bottom I2 is generally convex and notched at I3, the tip of the triangle. The rectangle is cut with its general directions being with those of the warp and vWoof of the cloth. After cutting out the pattern in this shape, the rectangle, having a length of substantially twice its depth, is doubled upon itself inside out, into a square as shown in Figure 5 and then stitched together along its lower edge as shown at Il. The sack thus formed is then turned right side out and grasped on both sides at the substantial center I5 of the squares as shown in Figure 5, between the foreflnger and thumb of each hand, and pulled. This action tends to stretch the formerly substantially square sack into the form roughly of a triangle or Wedge, as shown in Figure '7. This configuration may be more closely described as having the shape of an inverted gambrel roof. When the two sides are pulled out as far as possible it will be apparent that the direction of the threads in the cloth at the front extend in the direction of pull and thel back is extended, being folded on a bias until it bulges outwardly as shown at I6 in Figure 8. This bulge or fullness is then pressed ydown into the diamond formation as shown at I 'I in Figure 3 and in anticipation at l1 in Figure 7 and since this formation is at the rear or back of the shield it not only is not apparent but forms additional layers of thickness for wear and for the stiffening of the shield to hold the shield in vproper place and extended crosswise across the armpit of the coat.
After sewing'the shield in at the top under the lining of the sleeve, as 'above described. it need only be tacked at the point I3 to the garment for it to be permanently attached so that it does not thereafter wrinkle or lose its smooth appearance in wear. It will be apparent that the diamond shaped fold` not only takes up the bulge or fullness in the back of the shield but that it forms this additional reinforcement of the shield to hold it outwardly extended so that the corners I5 are held in their extended position. These corners I5 having formerly been the centers I5 of the cloth after its first fold.
It will be apparent that a one-piece shield with its only seam being concealed and in which the shield is reinforced for it to `hold its own shape, by its own body structure, is thus presented having its only raw edges at the top which are concealed upon sewing the shield into place under the coat arm and covering it with the sleeve lining.
It will also be apparent that the size of the shield is determined solely by the size of the initially cut piece of cloth and that it may be made of the same material as the lining of the coat and thus be quite inconspicuous. Other changes may be made to the shield withoutv departing from the invention as `coveredloy the following claims.
What is claimed as new and is desired to be secured by Letters Patent is:
1'. A wedge shaped garmentrshield @fone-piece of cloth and of double thickness having. as. its only seam a vertically directed seam in the center of the back, the seamless shield edges` each having therein an outwardly directed obtuse angle to give greater width tot the shield midway its depth, the cut-and told of the shield producing a fullness in` thev seemedside ot the shield, and a fold portion in the seamed side of the shield t0 take up the fullness therein.
2. A one piece garmenty shield having a face shaped like the cross section of an inverted gambrel roof, and having seamless edges,` the back being formed of Overfolded sections from the -front and joinedV by a single centralk vertical seam, stitched` before the shield wasturned right side out, to concealthe stitches, the top of the front and back coinciding and being adapted to be attached to a garment. opening. the cut and fold of the shield producing a fullness in the seamed side of the shield,` and a fold portion in the seamed side of the shield to take up the fullness therein.Y
3. A one piece garment shield having a` face shaped like the cross section of an inverted gambrel roof, and, having seamless. edges, the back being formed of overfolded sections from the iront and joined by a single central vertical seam, stitched before the shield. was turned right side out, to conceal the stitches, the top of the front and back coinciding andv being adapted to be attached toa garment opening, the formation of the angled seamless edges of the shield due to the original shape of the pattern, causing a fullness at the back, and thatfullness being pressed iat, in diamond formation across the widthv of the back of the shield'. intermediate its depth, the angles of the edges being adjacent opposite diamond points.
4. The method of. making agarment shield comprising doublingY in the outside ofY a roughly rectangular piece of cloth which is substantially twice as long as wide into a square and stitching one edge, leading from the fold, turning the piece right side out, flattening it into substantially triangular form, with the seam in the vertical center of the triangle of one side, forming the back, and the other side presenting a smooth shield surface, and the overfolded ends of the piece coinciding withk the top of the triangle, those ends and top presenting the only raw edges and being adapted to be stitched into a garment opening.
5. The method of making a garment shield comprising doubling, in the outside of a roughly rectangular piece of cloth, which is substantially twice as long as wide, one long edge being concave, the other convex, into a square and stitching the convex edge, leading from the fold, turning the pieceright side out, attening it into wedge form with the concave edge being at the wedge top andthe ends of thel piece coinciding therewith, with the seam in the vertical center ofthe wedge on one side, stretching the midpoints of the wedge sides to form the seamed side of thel shield into-.- a diamond shaped fold and pressing. the same flat, whereby the diamond shaped fold reinforces the angled edges of the wedge, lto hold them extended. y
6. A garment shield formed from a single piece of cloth of initially roughly rectangular shape which is substantially twice as long as widea-nd having four corr-1ersI and a single line of stitching, thev formed shield4 first having one long edge of the rectangle folded double upon itself so that thev cornersV at one end ofV the rectangle overlie. those at the other end andthe said long edge being stitched from the fold to the overlying corners in the extremities of said long edge and the piece thenbeing turned to place the seam inside, then having the two stitched corners on the, stitched edge folded to the center of the opposite long edge into roughly a triangular. form having two closed seamless edges, the ends of the rectangle coinciding with the said opposite long edge, the. double top ben ing the only exposed raw edge and it being adapted for attachment toA a garment opening the closed seamless edges extending to the double top.
MATHEW sAARI. y VICTOR DE CESARE.
REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the file of this patent:
UNITED STATESI PATENTS Germany Sept. 13', 1938
US2707A 1948-01-16 1948-01-16 Garment shield Expired - Lifetime US2545312A (en)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4856111A (en) * 1988-07-06 1989-08-15 Sholes Bessie M Perspiration shield

Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE690949C (en) * 1939-05-06 1940-05-11 Haensel & Co Akt Ges Elastic shoulder insert
US2341511A (en) * 1942-06-22 1944-02-15 Brightman William Samuel Filler shield

Patent Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE690949C (en) * 1939-05-06 1940-05-11 Haensel & Co Akt Ges Elastic shoulder insert
US2341511A (en) * 1942-06-22 1944-02-15 Brightman William Samuel Filler shield

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4856111A (en) * 1988-07-06 1989-08-15 Sholes Bessie M Perspiration shield

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