US2521530A - Adjustable pillow block - Google Patents

Adjustable pillow block Download PDF

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Publication number
US2521530A
US2521530A US41360A US4136048A US2521530A US 2521530 A US2521530 A US 2521530A US 41360 A US41360 A US 41360A US 4136048 A US4136048 A US 4136048A US 2521530 A US2521530 A US 2521530A
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United States
Prior art keywords
pillow block
bag
base
abutments
adjustable pillow
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
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US41360A
Inventor
Lois B Mcguffage
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Lois B Mcguffage
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Application filed by Lois B Mcguffage filed Critical Lois B Mcguffage
Priority to US41360A priority Critical patent/US2521530A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of US2521530A publication Critical patent/US2521530A/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Application status is Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical

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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A47FURNITURE; DOMESTIC ARTICLES OR APPLIANCES; COFFEE MILLS; SPICE MILLS; SUCTION CLEANERS IN GENERAL
    • A47GHOUSEHOLD OR TABLE EQUIPMENT
    • A47G9/00Bed-covers; Counterpanes; Travelling rugs; Sleeping rugs; Sleeping bags; Pillows
    • A47G9/10Pillows
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61HPHYSICAL THERAPY APPARATUS, e.g. DEVICES FOR LOCATING OR STIMULATING REFLEX POINTS IN THE BODY; ARTIFICIAL RESPIRATION; MASSAGE; BATHING DEVICES FOR SPECIAL THERAPEUTIC OR HYGIENIC PURPOSES OR SPECIFIC PARTS OF THE BODY
    • A61H37/00Accessories for massage
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A47FURNITURE; DOMESTIC ARTICLES OR APPLIANCES; COFFEE MILLS; SPICE MILLS; SUCTION CLEANERS IN GENERAL
    • A47GHOUSEHOLD OR TABLE EQUIPMENT
    • A47G9/00Bed-covers; Counterpanes; Travelling rugs; Sleeping rugs; Sleeping bags; Pillows
    • A47G2009/003Bed-covers; Counterpanes; Travelling rugs; Sleeping rugs; Sleeping bags; Pillows with inflatable members
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10STECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10S128/00Surgery
    • Y10S128/20Inflatable splint

Description

Sept. 5, 1950 L. B. M GUFFAGE ADJUSTABLE PILLOW BLOCK Filed July 29, 1948 ag/a 1N1 EEV TU R. L0 [55. Ma Gav/1G5 77 A Tron/v64 Patented Sept. 5, 1950 UNITED STATES PATENT; OFFICE ADJUSTABLE PILLoWBLooK" Lois B. McGuffage, Denver, Colo. -t Application July 29, 1948, Serial nb. 41,3t'

, 1 This invention. relates to improvements in physical therapy apparatus and relates more particularly to an adjustable pillow block ,for use in giving physical therapy treatments, such as massage and other manipulative treatments. In giving physical or manipulative treatments, it is frequently necessary to support certain portions of the body out of contact with the table on which the patient rests, and for this purpose pillows or pillow blocks have been employed.

It is the object of this invention to produce a pneumatic pillow block for the purpose indicated, that can be readily adjusted as to thickness to adapt it to the need of the patient.

A further object is to produce a pillow block of such construction that it will retain its form and will be yieldable to conform to the body curvature without causing discomfort.

A still further object is to produce a device for the purpose specified which shall be sanitary and readily cleanable.

The above and other objects that may become apparent as this description proceeds are attained by means of a construction and an arrangement of parts that will now be described in detail, and for this purpose reference will be had to the accompanying drawing in which the invention has been illustrated in its preferred form, and in which:

Figure 1 is a top plan view of the pillow block;

Figure 2 is a longitudinal section taken on line 2-4, Figure 1;

Figure 3 is a transverse section taken on line 3-3, Figures 1 and 2;

Figure 4 is a sidev elevation looking upwardly in Figure 1; and

Figure 5 is a view showing the manner in which the pillow block is employed illustrating one position of the patient with respect thereto.

The pillow block that forms the subject of this invention and which has been illustrated on the drawing, consists of a flat base ID that has considerable rigidity. This base may be made .of any suitable material, either rubber, plastic or wood, but is preferably formed from some rubber or rubber-like material compounded and cured in such a way that it will bend to a considerable extent without breaking, but will also have sufficient rigidity to keep the pillow block in its proper shape.

Supported on the top of the base and vulcanized or otherwise secured thereto, is an airtight bag that has been designated by reference numeral II. This bag may be made from natural or artificial rubber and is provided on one side ZClai ns. (01. 5-321) a with a'valve stem l2; so that 'air may be intro duced into' the bag'by means of an ordinary tire pump. Th'f'r'ubber bagis of substantially the same 'width 'as' the' basegasshownin Figure 3, but is slightly'shorterthan the base, as' shown in Figure 2. At each end of the bag, sponge rubber abutments 13 are positioned. These abutments are preferably attached to the base and to the ends of the bag by some suitable agglutinant. The function of the abutments is first to limit the lengthwise expansion of the bag, and, secondly to assure that when the bag is partially inflated, it will not collapse completely at its ends, but will be held at least in partly open position, the weight of the body supported thereon being at least partially supported by the soft sponge rubber abutments. Enclosing the whole pillow block is a cover [4 of sponge rubber. This may be detachably secured to the pillow block so that it may be readily removed therefrom, if desired. It is also possible to have covers shaped somewhat differently so as to obtain various effects by interchanging such covers. In Figure 2, the expanded position of the pillow block has been indicated by dotted line l5, while a similar line l6 shows the position in deflated condition.

This pillow block is designed for use in giving physical therapy treatments, such as massage and/or chiropractor or osteopath treatments; in fact wherever manual manipulation is used.

In Figure 5, the table has been designated by reference numeral l1 and the pillow block in its entirety by reference numeral l8. The pillow block is positioned on the table and the patient then lies down on the same. In the view shown in Figure 5, the patient is lying face downwardly, but there may be times when the pillow block is positioned under the patients back, or wherever necessary or desirable.

By means of an air pump the pillow block may be inflated so as to raise the patient from the table to any extent desired. The flexibility of the bag with its cover assures that the surface of the pillow will conform to the shape of the body, especially with low internal air pressures. The air pressure within the pillow block may be increased, thereby increasing the rigidity of the pillow block to any extent deemed desirable.

In addition to the uses pointed out above, this pillow block is especially designed for use in traction and elongation of the spine.

From the above description it will be apparent that the pillow block that has been illustrated on the drawing and description herein is of a simple and substantial construction, that it can be readily adjusted as to thickness by inflation and that due to the presence of the end abutments l3, the upwardly curvature will always remain at a considerable angle, regardless of the air pressure within the bag. It is apparent that without the abutments 13, the bag, if made of elastic material, would extend longitudinally and that any pressure applied to its edges could completely collapse the bag along the edges where such pressure is applied, whereas with the use of the abutments this cannot take place.

Having described the invention what is elaimed as new is:

1. An inflatable physical therapy device comprising, a flat base adapted to rest on afiat supporting surface, an airtight bag' of flexible material attached to the upper surface of the; base, a valve stem in communication with the interior of the bag, the bag being substantially the same width as the base, but of les length, the ends of the base projecting. beyond the ends of the bag, and sponge rubber abutments of triangular cross section at theends ofthe bag.

2. A physical therapy device comprising, a base adapted to rest on a supporting surface, an airtight bag of flexible material attached to the upper surface of the base, the base extending beyond the ends of the bag, fillers of sponge rubber of triangular cross section attached to the base adjacent each end of the bag forming abutments for the latter and a covering of sponge rubber for the top of the bag and for the end abutments. I I

LOIS B. M'cG-UFFAGE.

REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in th file of this patent:

UNITED STATES PATENTS Great Britain; .7 Sept. 26,, 1935

US41360A 1948-07-29 1948-07-29 Adjustable pillow block Expired - Lifetime US2521530A (en)

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US41360A US2521530A (en) 1948-07-29 1948-07-29 Adjustable pillow block

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US41360A US2521530A (en) 1948-07-29 1948-07-29 Adjustable pillow block

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Cited By (47)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2822554A (en) * 1955-01-07 1958-02-11 Ohio Commw Eng Co Variable density foam cushions, pillow and the like
US2967524A (en) * 1953-11-06 1961-01-10 Christensen Verner Treatment apparatus for static or dynamic treatment of the spinal column
US3641601A (en) * 1969-04-30 1972-02-15 William F Sieg Simulated walker, jogger, and running exerciser
US3974827A (en) * 1975-05-12 1976-08-17 Benjamin T. Angileri Portable orthopedic device
US4126129A (en) * 1977-03-02 1978-11-21 Rainbow John R Method and apparatus for relieving backaches and pains without the use of drugs
US4357724A (en) * 1980-07-24 1982-11-09 Guy Laforest Pneumatic core for adjustable firmness of mattresses, cushions and the like
US4398707A (en) * 1981-09-16 1983-08-16 Cloward Ralph B Surgical saddle
US4454869A (en) * 1982-07-28 1984-06-19 William H. Byler Revocable Trust Arthritis relief support pad
US4474370A (en) * 1982-11-12 1984-10-02 Oman Kim W Therapeutic weightlifter's bench
US4552135A (en) * 1984-03-05 1985-11-12 Racz Gabor B Lumbar belt
US4624021A (en) * 1985-02-11 1986-11-25 Hofstetter Jean A Cushion-like support
US4669455A (en) * 1984-02-06 1987-06-02 Co.Pro.San. S.r.l. Pneumatic tractor for the treatment of deformities of the spine
US4779297A (en) * 1986-07-07 1988-10-25 Doris Sturges Cushion support article
US4838249A (en) * 1986-05-21 1989-06-13 Jannotta Anthony S Lower back therapy device
US4847931A (en) * 1988-05-10 1989-07-18 Bard Maurice R Water pillow
WO1989010717A1 (en) * 1988-05-10 1989-11-16 Chang-Bard, Eileen, May Water pillow
US4965897A (en) * 1990-03-21 1990-10-30 Taylor Clarence R Adjustable appendage for mattress providing means
US5002046A (en) * 1989-09-22 1991-03-26 Scott James W Balanced skeletal traction apparatus
US5016620A (en) * 1990-01-04 1991-05-21 Medical Concepts, Inc. Spline and splinting board combination
US5054142A (en) * 1988-03-02 1991-10-08 Owens Thomas P Contoured body cushion
US5199124A (en) * 1992-06-09 1993-04-06 Klemis Daniel E Cushion to prevent sleeping on the abdomen
US5287577A (en) * 1993-01-11 1994-02-22 Bremer Ross L Apparatus and methods for elevating a patient to facilitate X-ray photography
US5469592A (en) * 1993-06-16 1995-11-28 Johnson; Mark C. Geometrically efficient self-inflating seat cushion
US5813066A (en) * 1996-07-15 1998-09-29 Gebhard; Albert W. Baby rest
WO2000015159A1 (en) * 1998-09-10 2000-03-23 Bowers Shan L Back support and method of use thereof
US6324710B1 (en) * 2000-04-14 2001-12-04 Arthur S. Hernandez Prone support apparatus for spinal procedures
GB2367763A (en) * 2000-10-10 2002-04-17 Alan Raymond Tree Ankle exercising and assessment device
US6422983B1 (en) * 1999-10-04 2002-07-23 D. W. Fitness, Llc Inflatable device and method for using the device
US6496994B1 (en) * 2000-07-11 2002-12-24 Richard Omel Back support
US20030054927A1 (en) * 1999-10-04 2003-03-20 D.W. Fitness, Llc Balancing device
US6546579B1 (en) * 2000-03-31 2003-04-15 D2Rm Corp. Conforming air and foam support device
USD489778S1 (en) 2002-10-18 2004-05-11 Reebok International Ltd. Portion of an exercise device
USD493500S1 (en) 2000-12-15 2004-07-27 William T. Dalebout Top surface of an exercise device
US20050020417A1 (en) * 2003-07-23 2005-01-27 Gary Paul R. Abdominal exercise device
US20050283104A1 (en) * 2004-06-18 2005-12-22 Abelbeck Kevin G Back therapy device
WO2006027401A1 (en) * 2004-08-05 2006-03-16 Vazquez Magallanes Maria Josef Improved cushion for sunbathing
US7112168B2 (en) 2000-12-15 2006-09-26 Icon Ip, Inc. Selectively dynamic exercise platform
US20060278237A1 (en) * 2005-06-13 2006-12-14 Sharon Hinders Configurable bolster for operative and therapeutic procedures
US20060282952A1 (en) * 2005-06-16 2006-12-21 Scott Laxton Arched pillow assembly
US20070093368A1 (en) * 2003-07-23 2007-04-26 Gary Paul R Resistance device for abdominal exercise
US7367071B1 (en) * 2006-09-20 2008-05-06 Yesalusky Jr Edward J Pillow having waist straps/lumbar pain alleviation method
US20100184567A1 (en) * 2009-01-21 2010-07-22 Lim Jung M Portable acrobatic trainer apparatus
US20140115789A1 (en) * 2012-07-12 2014-05-01 Vee Ramdath Therapeutic cushion for relieving lower back pain
USD819824S1 (en) * 2016-05-12 2018-06-05 Rebecca Moehlenbrock Therapeutic device
USD831761S1 (en) 2017-04-14 2018-10-23 Norbert's Athletic Products, Inc. Handspring trainer
US10212994B2 (en) 2015-11-02 2019-02-26 Icon Health & Fitness, Inc. Smart watch band
USD849856S1 (en) * 2017-06-28 2019-05-28 Jumpsport, Inc. Standing platform

Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1795304A (en) * 1928-08-10 1931-03-10 Sorbo Rubber Sponge Products L Seat, bedding, cushion, and upholstery
GB435730A (en) * 1935-01-14 1935-09-26 Morris Motors Ltd Improvements relating to seats
US2077233A (en) * 1935-02-08 1937-04-13 Charles W Greenhill Cushioning device

Patent Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1795304A (en) * 1928-08-10 1931-03-10 Sorbo Rubber Sponge Products L Seat, bedding, cushion, and upholstery
GB435730A (en) * 1935-01-14 1935-09-26 Morris Motors Ltd Improvements relating to seats
US2077233A (en) * 1935-02-08 1937-04-13 Charles W Greenhill Cushioning device

Cited By (60)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2967524A (en) * 1953-11-06 1961-01-10 Christensen Verner Treatment apparatus for static or dynamic treatment of the spinal column
US2822554A (en) * 1955-01-07 1958-02-11 Ohio Commw Eng Co Variable density foam cushions, pillow and the like
US3641601A (en) * 1969-04-30 1972-02-15 William F Sieg Simulated walker, jogger, and running exerciser
US3974827A (en) * 1975-05-12 1976-08-17 Benjamin T. Angileri Portable orthopedic device
US4126129A (en) * 1977-03-02 1978-11-21 Rainbow John R Method and apparatus for relieving backaches and pains without the use of drugs
US4357724A (en) * 1980-07-24 1982-11-09 Guy Laforest Pneumatic core for adjustable firmness of mattresses, cushions and the like
US4398707A (en) * 1981-09-16 1983-08-16 Cloward Ralph B Surgical saddle
US4454869A (en) * 1982-07-28 1984-06-19 William H. Byler Revocable Trust Arthritis relief support pad
US4474370A (en) * 1982-11-12 1984-10-02 Oman Kim W Therapeutic weightlifter's bench
US4669455A (en) * 1984-02-06 1987-06-02 Co.Pro.San. S.r.l. Pneumatic tractor for the treatment of deformities of the spine
US4552135A (en) * 1984-03-05 1985-11-12 Racz Gabor B Lumbar belt
US4624021A (en) * 1985-02-11 1986-11-25 Hofstetter Jean A Cushion-like support
US4838249A (en) * 1986-05-21 1989-06-13 Jannotta Anthony S Lower back therapy device
US4779297A (en) * 1986-07-07 1988-10-25 Doris Sturges Cushion support article
US5054142A (en) * 1988-03-02 1991-10-08 Owens Thomas P Contoured body cushion
WO1989010717A1 (en) * 1988-05-10 1989-11-16 Chang-Bard, Eileen, May Water pillow
US4896388A (en) * 1988-05-10 1990-01-30 Bard Maurice R Water pillow
US4847931A (en) * 1988-05-10 1989-07-18 Bard Maurice R Water pillow
AU628824B2 (en) * 1988-05-10 1992-09-24 Maurice R. Bard Water pillow
US5002046A (en) * 1989-09-22 1991-03-26 Scott James W Balanced skeletal traction apparatus
US5016620A (en) * 1990-01-04 1991-05-21 Medical Concepts, Inc. Spline and splinting board combination
US4965897A (en) * 1990-03-21 1990-10-30 Taylor Clarence R Adjustable appendage for mattress providing means
US5199124A (en) * 1992-06-09 1993-04-06 Klemis Daniel E Cushion to prevent sleeping on the abdomen
US5287577A (en) * 1993-01-11 1994-02-22 Bremer Ross L Apparatus and methods for elevating a patient to facilitate X-ray photography
US5469592A (en) * 1993-06-16 1995-11-28 Johnson; Mark C. Geometrically efficient self-inflating seat cushion
US5813066A (en) * 1996-07-15 1998-09-29 Gebhard; Albert W. Baby rest
WO2000015159A1 (en) * 1998-09-10 2000-03-23 Bowers Shan L Back support and method of use thereof
US7344488B2 (en) 1999-10-04 2008-03-18 Bosu Fitness, Llc Balancing device
US20080064579A1 (en) * 1999-10-04 2008-03-13 Bosu Fitness, Llc Balancing device
US6422983B1 (en) * 1999-10-04 2002-07-23 D. W. Fitness, Llc Inflatable device and method for using the device
US20030054927A1 (en) * 1999-10-04 2003-03-20 D.W. Fitness, Llc Balancing device
US7494446B2 (en) 1999-10-04 2009-02-24 Bosu Fitness, Llc Balancing device
US6546579B1 (en) * 2000-03-31 2003-04-15 D2Rm Corp. Conforming air and foam support device
US6324710B1 (en) * 2000-04-14 2001-12-04 Arthur S. Hernandez Prone support apparatus for spinal procedures
US6496994B1 (en) * 2000-07-11 2002-12-24 Richard Omel Back support
GB2367763A (en) * 2000-10-10 2002-04-17 Alan Raymond Tree Ankle exercising and assessment device
USD493855S1 (en) 2000-12-15 2004-08-03 William T. Dalebout Portion of a top surface of an exercise device
US7112168B2 (en) 2000-12-15 2006-09-26 Icon Ip, Inc. Selectively dynamic exercise platform
USD493500S1 (en) 2000-12-15 2004-07-27 William T. Dalebout Top surface of an exercise device
USD489778S1 (en) 2002-10-18 2004-05-11 Reebok International Ltd. Portion of an exercise device
US20070093368A1 (en) * 2003-07-23 2007-04-26 Gary Paul R Resistance device for abdominal exercise
US7150703B2 (en) * 2003-07-23 2006-12-19 Gary Paul R Abdominal exercise device
US20050020417A1 (en) * 2003-07-23 2005-01-27 Gary Paul R. Abdominal exercise device
US20050283104A1 (en) * 2004-06-18 2005-12-22 Abelbeck Kevin G Back therapy device
WO2006027401A1 (en) * 2004-08-05 2006-03-16 Vazquez Magallanes Maria Josef Improved cushion for sunbathing
US7694369B2 (en) 2005-06-13 2010-04-13 Sharon Hinders Configurable bolster for operative and therapeutic procedures
US20060278237A1 (en) * 2005-06-13 2006-12-14 Sharon Hinders Configurable bolster for operative and therapeutic procedures
US7216387B2 (en) 2005-06-16 2007-05-15 Scott Laxton Arched pillow assembly
US20060282952A1 (en) * 2005-06-16 2006-12-21 Scott Laxton Arched pillow assembly
US7367071B1 (en) * 2006-09-20 2008-05-06 Yesalusky Jr Edward J Pillow having waist straps/lumbar pain alleviation method
US20100184567A1 (en) * 2009-01-21 2010-07-22 Lim Jung M Portable acrobatic trainer apparatus
US7789805B2 (en) * 2009-01-21 2010-09-07 Norbert's Athletic Products Portable acrobatic trainer apparatus
US8202203B2 (en) 2009-01-21 2012-06-19 Norbert's Athletic Products Portable acrobatic trainer apparatus
US20100323847A1 (en) * 2009-01-21 2010-12-23 Norbert's Athletic Products Portable acrobatic trainer apparatus
US20140115789A1 (en) * 2012-07-12 2014-05-01 Vee Ramdath Therapeutic cushion for relieving lower back pain
US9078528B2 (en) * 2012-07-12 2015-07-14 Vee Ramdath Therapeutic cushion for relieving lower back pain
US10212994B2 (en) 2015-11-02 2019-02-26 Icon Health & Fitness, Inc. Smart watch band
USD819824S1 (en) * 2016-05-12 2018-06-05 Rebecca Moehlenbrock Therapeutic device
USD831761S1 (en) 2017-04-14 2018-10-23 Norbert's Athletic Products, Inc. Handspring trainer
USD849856S1 (en) * 2017-06-28 2019-05-28 Jumpsport, Inc. Standing platform

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