US3920006A - Inflatable device for healing of tissue - Google Patents

Inflatable device for healing of tissue Download PDF

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Publication number
US3920006A
US3920006A US42959974A US3920006A US 3920006 A US3920006 A US 3920006A US 42959974 A US42959974 A US 42959974A US 3920006 A US3920006 A US 3920006A
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Prior art keywords
limb
inflatable
body surface
air
device
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
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Roy Lapidus
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ROY LAPIDUS Inc
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ROY LAPIDUS Inc
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61HPHYSICAL THERAPY APPARATUS, e.g. DEVICES FOR LOCATING OR STIMULATING REFLEX POINTS IN THE BODY; ARTIFICIAL RESPIRATION; MASSAGE; BATHING DEVICES FOR SPECIAL THERAPEUTIC OR HYGIENIC PURPOSES OR SPECIFIC PARTS OF THE BODY
    • A61H9/00Pneumatic or hydraulic massage, e.g. sprays
    • A61H9/005Pneumatic massage
    • A61H9/0078With intermittent or alternately inflated bladders or cuffs
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61HPHYSICAL THERAPY APPARATUS, e.g. DEVICES FOR LOCATING OR STIMULATING REFLEX POINTS IN THE BODY; ARTIFICIAL RESPIRATION; MASSAGE; BATHING DEVICES FOR SPECIAL THERAPEUTIC OR HYGIENIC PURPOSES OR SPECIFIC PARTS OF THE BODY
    • A61H2201/00Characteristics of apparatus not provided for in the preceding codes
    • A61H2201/02Characteristics of apparatus not provided for in the preceding codes heated or cooled
    • A61H2201/0214Characteristics of apparatus not provided for in the preceding codes heated or cooled cooled
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61HPHYSICAL THERAPY APPARATUS, e.g. DEVICES FOR LOCATING OR STIMULATING REFLEX POINTS IN THE BODY; ARTIFICIAL RESPIRATION; MASSAGE; BATHING DEVICES FOR SPECIAL THERAPEUTIC OR HYGIENIC PURPOSES OR SPECIFIC PARTS OF THE BODY
    • A61H2201/00Characteristics of apparatus not provided for in the preceding codes
    • A61H2201/02Characteristics of apparatus not provided for in the preceding codes heated or cooled
    • A61H2201/0221Mechanism for heating or cooling
    • A61H2201/025Mechanism for heating or cooling by direct air flow on the patient's body
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61HPHYSICAL THERAPY APPARATUS, e.g. DEVICES FOR LOCATING OR STIMULATING REFLEX POINTS IN THE BODY; ARTIFICIAL RESPIRATION; MASSAGE; BATHING DEVICES FOR SPECIAL THERAPEUTIC OR HYGIENIC PURPOSES OR SPECIFIC PARTS OF THE BODY
    • A61H2201/00Characteristics of apparatus not provided for in the preceding codes
    • A61H2201/16Physical interface with patient
    • A61H2201/1602Physical interface with patient kind of interface, e.g. head rest, knee support or lumbar support
    • A61H2201/165Wearable interfaces

Abstract

An inflatable and deflatable flexible structure fitted and held over a portion of the body surface such as a limb which has undergone surgery. The structure has perforations preferably on one surface only and is connected to air pressure means which injects air under pressure.

Description

United States Patent 11 1 1111 3,

Lapidus 5] Nov. 18, 1975 INFLATABLE DEVICE FOR HEALING 0F 2,245,909 10/1937 Enfiajian .1 l28/DlG. 20 TISSUE 2.533504 12/1950 Poor 128/24 R 2,998,817 9/1961 Armstrong... 128/184 X Inventor: y p Newton, Mass- 3.468.299 9/1969 DAmato 7. 128/402 ux 3.701349 lO/l972 Larson 128/821 [73] Asslgnee. Roy La ldus, lnc., Needha Mass- 3,824,992 7/1974 Nicholson et al. 128/24 R [22] Filed: Jan. 2, 1974 [21] Ap 429 599 Primary E.\'aminerLawrence W. Trapp Attorney, Agent, or FirmJoseph Zallen 52 us. c1. l28/24J; 128/40; 128/64;

l28/82.l; 128/184 ABSTRACT hilt. Cl. An inflatable and deflatable flexible Structure fitted Fleld of Search and Over a portion of the y Surface Such as a 128/24 limb which has undergone surgery. The structure has perforations preferably on one surface only and 1s References Cited 3331;205:218 SLtloelair pressure means which injects air UNITED STATES PATENTS 1.777.982 10/1930 Popp 128/402 x 4 7 D'awmg F'gures US. Patent Nov. 18, 1975 Sheet 1 of2 3,920,006

U.S. Patent Nov. 18, 1975 Sheet2of2 3,920,006

INFLATABLE DEVICE FOR HEALING OF TISSUE BACKGROUND OF INVENTION This invention relates to therapeutic devices which aid in the healing of tissue. In particular, this invention relates to such devices whichcan be used postoperatively in surgery to reduce edema, blood clotting, and injury to new tissue. Most particularly, this invention relates to such devices which can be used postoperatively to aid in the healing of a limb which has undergone amputation.

Where a limb had been amputated, it is medically necessary to apply a tight dressing in order to obtain proper healing. Such dressing normally takes the form of a massive cast formed over a woven or knitted tightfitting cover such as a nylon sock. Inasmuch as the tight dressing such as the cast must be kept in position for an extended period of time, the patient is quite uncomfortable and further, often encounters improper tissue healing and possible infection.

One object of the present invention is to provide a device .whichwill provide a tight dressing but will be more comfortable to the patient than a conventional SUMMARY or INVENTION This invention comprises generally an inflatable and deflatable flexible structure which is fitted and held over a portion of the body surface, such as a limb. The structure has perforations preferably only on the surface that faces the body surface and is connected to air compressor means which periodically injects air under pressure. The air inflates the structure then passes out through the orifices adjacent the body surface. This periodic inflating and deflating of air provides both a current of air adjacent the limb as well as a massaging or rippling action on the body surface. The invention can be used in two general ways. One is to aid in the healing of a limb which has undergone amputation. In such case the device is fitted and held over the stump of the amputated limb which has been previously covered with a woven or knitted cover. In another use of this invention, the device is wrapped around one or more limbs either before, during or after surgery so as to provide a massaging action which tends to contribute to the reduction of edema and formation of blood clots by improving the venous blood return.

The invention can be made in several different forms. In one form the structure is divided into several individual contiguous portions, each fed separately with compressed air and having conforming transverse walls. In this embodiment, the user can select a desired pattern such as consecutive pulsing or alternate pulsing to give different massaging and air flow effects.

Another embodiment of this invention is a single, inflatable structure provided with transverse walls so that air flows in from one end and then through the entire structure.

\ rippling pressure.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF DRAWINGS FIG. 1 is perspective viewof one embodiment of this invention in position on the stump of an amputated limb.

FIG. 2 is a plan view of the device shown in FIG. 1. FIG. 3 is a partial sectional view along line 33 of FIG. 1.

FIG. 4 is a plan view of second embodiment of this invention, adapted for use on a limb to aid venous blood return after surgery.

FIG. 5 is a partial sectional view along line 55 of FIG. 4.

FIG. 6 is a plan view of a third embodiment of this invention, to be used in the manner of FIG. 1.

FIG. 7 is a partial sectional view along line 77 of FIG. 6.

SPECIFIC EXAMPLES OF INVENTION Referring now to FIGS. 1, 2 and 3, there is illustrated therein an embodiment of this invention particularly adapted for use on the stump of an amputated limb and having a structure made of two separate, interlacing but altematingly inflatable portions. The device shown generally as 10 is made of two thin, flexible plastic sheets, 10a and 10b, heat-sealed as illustrated to form two inflatable sections, 15 and 16, separated by transverse walls, 11, formed by heatsealing. The upper surface as illustrated in FIG. 2 has minute needle-sized perforations, 15a and 16a. The device is otherwise totally enclosed except for the connections, 15b and 16b, to a controllable source of compressed air. The source can be a small compressor, for example, one which can deliver in the range of 1 to 2 cubic feet per minute. Various air compressor arrangements can be used, as for example, one with a slowly rotating distributor valve which can give a variety of cycles, e.g., inflate one section of the device for from 1 to 15 seconds, then inflate the second section of the device for from 1 to 15 seconds, etc. Air in the section not being inflated will pass out through the pores 15a and 16a allowing return tov atmospheric pressure.

The device is provided with an attaching means, as for example, straps 13 and 14, and has an extension, 12, connected with inflatable section 15 to fit over the end of the stump. In use on the stump of an amputated limb, the device is placed over a woven or knitted cover, as for example, a nylon sock, 21, which is fitted over the stump, 20. The alternate inflating and deflating sequence as illustrated in FIG. 3, not only causes motion of air through the nylon sock to the limb, but also exerts a pressure on the limb so as to give a massaging action and thus stimulate circulation. The patient is more comfortable than with a solid cast. Fur- 3 ther, the problems of edema, blood clotting, infection and improper tissue healing are reduced.

The embodiment illustrated in FIGS, 4 and 5 is shown generally by the Numeral 40. It comprises in this instance a device adapted for general use after surgery, as for example abdominal or thoracic surgery. It consists of a number of independent, inflatable sections, 41-47, formed by heat-sealing of flexible, thin plastic sheets, 40a and 40b, so as to form separating transverse walls, 15, and intermediate transverse walls, 50. Each section has connection means, 41a-47a, to a controllable compressed air source which is arranged to give alternate or sequential inflation. The top surface of each section has needle-like pores, 41b47b. When one section is not being inflated, the air escapes through the pores to the limb, and thus produces massaging action which stimulates circulation, thus contributing to the reduction of blood clots and edema.

The embodiment illustrated generally as 60 in FIGS. 6 and 7 is also made by heat-sealing thin flexible plastic sheets, 60a and 60b, to form transverse walls, 61. There is, in effect, one single inflatable chamber, 64a, with pores, 64b, on its upper surface.

constrictions can be placed at the ends of the transverse passages by appropriate heat-sealing so that instead of being uniform, the flow can be slower in the 4 top portion than in the input portion with 62 connections to compressed air means. This is illustrated by the cross section of FIG. 7.

I claim:

1. A therapeutic device comprising an inflatable and deflatable, flexible tubular member shaped to flt over and be held on a body surface and having perforations on the surface of the member facing the body surface, and means for holding said member in position on said body surface; said tubular member comprising a plurality of independent, separately inflatable sections, each having an opening connecting to a pulsing supply of compressed air; said device being characterized in that deflation occurs solely by the passage of air through said perforations; said separate inflatable sections, perforations and air supply proving a massaging action on said body surface.

2. The therapeutic device of claim 1 shaped to fit over a limb or portion of a limb.

3. The therapeutic device of claim 1 wherein there are two separate, interlacing but alternatingly inflatable sections.

4. The therapeutic device of claim 1 wherein there are a plurality of independent, parallel, transversely oriented, inflatable sections,

Claims (4)

1. A therapeutic device comprising an inflatable and deflatable, flexible tubular member shaped to fit over and be held on a body surface and having perforations on the surface of the member facing the body surface, and means for holding said member in position on said body surface; said tubular member comprising a plurality of independent, separately inflatable sections, each having an opening connecting to a pulsing supply of compressed air; said device being characterized in that deflation occurs solely by the passage of air through said perforations; said separate inflatable sections, perforations and air supply proving a massaging action on said body surface.
2. The therapeutic device of claim 1 shaped to fit over a limb or portion of a limb.
3. The therapeutic device of claim 1 wherein there are two separate, interlacing but alternatingly inflatable sections.
4. The therapeutic device of claim 1 wherein there are a plurality of independent, parallel, transversely oriented, inflatable sections.
US3920006A 1974-01-02 1974-01-02 Inflatable device for healing of tissue Expired - Lifetime US3920006A (en)

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Cited By (73)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
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US4091804A (en) * 1976-12-10 1978-05-30 The Kendall Company Compression sleeve
FR2386304A1 (en) * 1977-04-07 1978-11-03 Whitney John medical device to relieve a deep vein thrombosis
US4156425A (en) * 1977-08-10 1979-05-29 The Kendall Company Protective compression sleeve
FR2420964A1 (en) * 1978-03-31 1979-10-26 Minnesota Mining & Mfg intermittent compression device to facilitate blood circulation in the limbs
US4197837A (en) * 1977-10-04 1980-04-15 American Hospital Supply Corporation Inflatable-deflatable pad and air control system therefor
US4207876A (en) * 1979-01-12 1980-06-17 The Kendall Company Compression device with ventilated sleeve
US4311135A (en) * 1979-10-29 1982-01-19 Brueckner Gerald G Apparatus to assist leg venous and skin circulation
WO1983001388A1 (en) * 1981-10-14 1983-04-28 Frese Nielsen Device for treatment of wounds in body tissue of patients by exposure to jets of gas
US4391009A (en) * 1980-10-17 1983-07-05 Huntleigh Medical Ltd. Ventilated body support
US4453538A (en) * 1977-04-07 1984-06-12 Whitney John K Medical apparatus
US4597384A (en) * 1984-06-29 1986-07-01 Gaymar Industries, Inc. Sequential compression sleeve
US4773397A (en) * 1987-06-22 1988-09-27 Wright Linear Pump, Inc. Apparatus for promoting flow of a body fluid within a human limb
US4922893A (en) * 1987-06-22 1990-05-08 Wright Linear Pump, Inc. Method for promoting flow of a body fluid within a human limb
US5103518A (en) * 1989-08-01 1992-04-14 Bio Clinic Corporation Alternating pressure pad
WO1993010739A1 (en) * 1991-12-06 1993-06-10 Daniel Maunier Hydraulic massage and lymphatic drainage device
US5396896A (en) * 1991-05-15 1995-03-14 Chrono Dynamics, Ltd. Medical pumping apparatus
US5443440A (en) * 1993-06-11 1995-08-22 Ndm Acquisition Corp. Medical pumping apparatus
US5584798A (en) * 1992-11-23 1996-12-17 Novamedix Limited Medical inflatable cuff appliance
US5643155A (en) * 1993-11-02 1997-07-01 Kallassy; Charles Aquatic exercise device
US5769801A (en) * 1993-06-11 1998-06-23 Ndm Acquisition Corp. Medical pumping apparatus
US5840049A (en) * 1995-09-07 1998-11-24 Kinetic Concepts, Inc. Medical pumping apparatus
US6129688A (en) * 1996-09-06 2000-10-10 Aci Medical System for improving vascular blood flow
US6179804B1 (en) 1999-08-18 2001-01-30 Oxypatch, Llc Treatment apparatus for wounds
US6358219B1 (en) 1996-09-06 2002-03-19 Aci Medical System and method of improving vascular blood flow
US6488643B1 (en) 1998-10-08 2002-12-03 Kci Licensing, Inc. Wound healing foot wrap
US20030139255A1 (en) * 1991-12-17 2003-07-24 Kinetic Concepts, Inc. Pneumatic compression device and methods for use in the medical field
US6648840B2 (en) 1996-08-02 2003-11-18 Salton, Inc. Microcontroller based massage system
US6726646B2 (en) * 2001-03-23 2004-04-27 Neil R. Bacheldor Brace cushion
US6786879B1 (en) 1994-04-05 2004-09-07 Kci Licensing, Inc. Gradient sequential compression system for preventing deep vein thrombosis
US20060064800A1 (en) * 2004-09-27 2006-03-30 Freund Robert M Decubitus ulcer prevention and treatment
US7044924B1 (en) 2000-06-02 2006-05-16 Midtown Technology Massage device
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USD618358S1 (en) 2007-04-09 2010-06-22 Tyco Healthcare Group Lp Opening in an inflatable member for a pneumatic compression device
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Cited By (123)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
FR2373275A1 (en) * 1976-12-10 1978-07-07 Kendall & Co Device to pressure and compression on a limb of a patient
US4091804A (en) * 1976-12-10 1978-05-30 The Kendall Company Compression sleeve
US4453538A (en) * 1977-04-07 1984-06-12 Whitney John K Medical apparatus
FR2386304A1 (en) * 1977-04-07 1978-11-03 Whitney John medical device to relieve a deep vein thrombosis
US4156425A (en) * 1977-08-10 1979-05-29 The Kendall Company Protective compression sleeve
US4197837A (en) * 1977-10-04 1980-04-15 American Hospital Supply Corporation Inflatable-deflatable pad and air control system therefor
FR2420964A1 (en) * 1978-03-31 1979-10-26 Minnesota Mining & Mfg intermittent compression device to facilitate blood circulation in the limbs
US4206751A (en) * 1978-03-31 1980-06-10 Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing Company Intermittent compression device
US4207876A (en) * 1979-01-12 1980-06-17 The Kendall Company Compression device with ventilated sleeve
US4311135A (en) * 1979-10-29 1982-01-19 Brueckner Gerald G Apparatus to assist leg venous and skin circulation
US4391009A (en) * 1980-10-17 1983-07-05 Huntleigh Medical Ltd. Ventilated body support
WO1983001388A1 (en) * 1981-10-14 1983-04-28 Frese Nielsen Device for treatment of wounds in body tissue of patients by exposure to jets of gas
US4608041A (en) * 1981-10-14 1986-08-26 Frese Nielsen Device for treatment of wounds in body tissue of patients by exposure to jets of gas
US4597384A (en) * 1984-06-29 1986-07-01 Gaymar Industries, Inc. Sequential compression sleeve
US4773397A (en) * 1987-06-22 1988-09-27 Wright Linear Pump, Inc. Apparatus for promoting flow of a body fluid within a human limb
US4922893A (en) * 1987-06-22 1990-05-08 Wright Linear Pump, Inc. Method for promoting flow of a body fluid within a human limb
US5103518A (en) * 1989-08-01 1992-04-14 Bio Clinic Corporation Alternating pressure pad
US5396896A (en) * 1991-05-15 1995-03-14 Chrono Dynamics, Ltd. Medical pumping apparatus
US5671751A (en) * 1991-05-15 1997-09-30 Lrc Holding Company, Inc. Medical pumping apparatus
WO1993010739A1 (en) * 1991-12-06 1993-06-10 Daniel Maunier Hydraulic massage and lymphatic drainage device
FR2684547A1 (en) * 1991-12-06 1993-06-11 Maunier Daniel Hydraulic device for massage and lymphatic drainage of the body.
US20030139255A1 (en) * 1991-12-17 2003-07-24 Kinetic Concepts, Inc. Pneumatic compression device and methods for use in the medical field
US5584798A (en) * 1992-11-23 1996-12-17 Novamedix Limited Medical inflatable cuff appliance
US5443440A (en) * 1993-06-11 1995-08-22 Ndm Acquisition Corp. Medical pumping apparatus
US5769801A (en) * 1993-06-11 1998-06-23 Ndm Acquisition Corp. Medical pumping apparatus
US5931797A (en) * 1993-06-11 1999-08-03 Kinetic Concepts, Inc. Medical pumping apparatus
US5820530A (en) * 1993-11-02 1998-10-13 Kallassy; Charles Aquatic exercise device
US5643155A (en) * 1993-11-02 1997-07-01 Kallassy; Charles Aquatic exercise device
US6786879B1 (en) 1994-04-05 2004-09-07 Kci Licensing, Inc. Gradient sequential compression system for preventing deep vein thrombosis
US5840049A (en) * 1995-09-07 1998-11-24 Kinetic Concepts, Inc. Medical pumping apparatus
US6648840B2 (en) 1996-08-02 2003-11-18 Salton, Inc. Microcontroller based massage system
US6358219B1 (en) 1996-09-06 2002-03-19 Aci Medical System and method of improving vascular blood flow
US6129688A (en) * 1996-09-06 2000-10-10 Aci Medical System for improving vascular blood flow
US6488643B1 (en) 1998-10-08 2002-12-03 Kci Licensing, Inc. Wound healing foot wrap
US6572594B2 (en) 1999-08-18 2003-06-03 R.S. Medical Equipment Llc Skin treatment using neuromuscular stimulation and a treatment gas containing medicine
US6179804B1 (en) 1999-08-18 2001-01-30 Oxypatch, Llc Treatment apparatus for wounds
US7771376B2 (en) 2000-06-02 2010-08-10 Midtown Technology Ltd. Inflatable massage garment
US7044924B1 (en) 2000-06-02 2006-05-16 Midtown Technology Massage device
US6726646B2 (en) * 2001-03-23 2004-04-27 Neil R. Bacheldor Brace cushion
US7871387B2 (en) 2004-02-23 2011-01-18 Tyco Healthcare Group Lp Compression sleeve convertible in length
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