US2513751A - Door check and hold-open - Google Patents

Door check and hold-open Download PDF

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Publication number
US2513751A
US2513751A US789579A US78957947A US2513751A US 2513751 A US2513751 A US 2513751A US 789579 A US789579 A US 789579A US 78957947 A US78957947 A US 78957947A US 2513751 A US2513751 A US 2513751A
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US
United States
Prior art keywords
door
check
open
hold
roller
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
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US789579A
Inventor
Claude S Semar
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Motors Liquidation Co
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Motors Liquidation Co
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
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Publication date
Application filed by Motors Liquidation Co filed Critical Motors Liquidation Co
Priority to US789579A priority Critical patent/US2513751A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of US2513751A publication Critical patent/US2513751A/en
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Application status is Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical

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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E05LOCKS; KEYS; WINDOW OR DOOR FITTINGS; SAFES
    • E05DHINGES OR OTHER SUSPENSION DEVICES FOR DOORS, WINDOWS OR WINGS
    • E05D11/00Additional features or accessories of hinges
    • E05D11/10Devices for preventing movement between relatively-movable hinge parts
    • E05D11/1028Devices for preventing movement between relatively-movable hinge parts for maintaining the hinge in two or more positions, e.g. intermediate or fully open
    • E05D11/105Devices for preventing movement between relatively-movable hinge parts for maintaining the hinge in two or more positions, e.g. intermediate or fully open the maintaining means acting perpendicularly to the pivot axis
    • E05D11/1057Devices for preventing movement between relatively-movable hinge parts for maintaining the hinge in two or more positions, e.g. intermediate or fully open the maintaining means acting perpendicularly to the pivot axis specially adapted for vehicles
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E05LOCKS; KEYS; WINDOW OR DOOR FITTINGS; SAFES
    • E05FDEVICES FOR MOVING WINGS INTO OPEN OR CLOSED POSITION; CHECKS FOR WINGS; WING FITTINGS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR, CONCERNED WITH THE FUNCTIONING OF THE WING
    • E05F1/00Closers or openers for wings, not otherwise provided for in this subclass
    • E05F1/08Closers or openers for wings, not otherwise provided for in this subclass spring-actuated, e.g. for horizontally sliding wings
    • E05F1/10Closers or openers for wings, not otherwise provided for in this subclass spring-actuated, e.g. for horizontally sliding wings for swinging wings, e.g. counterbalance
    • E05F1/12Mechanisms in the shape of hinges or pivots, operated by springs
    • E05F1/1284Mechanisms in the shape of hinges or pivots, operated by springs with a leaf or similar spring
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E05LOCKS; KEYS; WINDOW OR DOOR FITTINGS; SAFES
    • E05YINDEXING SCHEME RELATING TO HINGES OR OTHER SUSPENSION DEVICES FOR DOORS, WINDOWS OR WINGS AND DEVICES FOR MOVING WINGS INTO OPEN OR CLOSED POSITION, CHECKS FOR WINGS AND WING FITTINGS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR, CONCERNED WITH THE FUNCTIONING OF THE WING
    • E05Y2900/00Application of doors, windows, wings or fittings thereof
    • E05Y2900/50Application of doors, windows, wings or fittings thereof for vehicles
    • E05Y2900/53Application of doors, windows, wings or fittings thereof for vehicles characterised by the type of wing
    • E05Y2900/531Doors
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T16/00Miscellaneous hardware [e.g., bushing, carpet fastener, caster, door closer, panel hanger, attachable or adjunct handle, hinge, window sash balance, etc.]
    • Y10T16/52Hinge
    • Y10T16/538Resiliently biased hinge
    • Y10T16/5384Over-center spring or linkage travel [e.g., "holdback hinge"]
    • Y10T16/53848Over-center spring or linkage travel [e.g., "holdback hinge"] including camming or sliding surface to deflect spring perpendicularly to the hinge axis
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T16/00Miscellaneous hardware [e.g., bushing, carpet fastener, caster, door closer, panel hanger, attachable or adjunct handle, hinge, window sash balance, etc.]
    • Y10T16/61Closure checks
    • Y10T16/625Spring

Description

July 4, 1950 c. s. SEMAR DOOR CHECK AND HOLD-OPEN 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 Filed Dec. 4, 1947 IKE-.E

INVENTOR C/aude 5. Jemar ATTORNEYS July 4, 1950 c. s. SEMAR DOOR CHECK AND HOLD-OPEN 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 Filed Dec. 4, 1947 HINGE P7.

YINVENTOR C/auoe J. Jamar ATTORNEYS Patented July 4, 1950 I DOOR CHECK AND HOLD-OPEN Claude S. Semar, Dearborn, Mich, assignor to General Motors Corporation, Detroit, Mlclr, a

corporation of Delaware Application December 4, 1947, Serial No. 789,579

2 Claims. 1

This invention relates to door checks and holdopens.

It is the object of the invention to provide a door check and hold-open which will be very simple in construction and cheap to manufacture,

and which at the same time will eilectively perform its functions.

Referring to the drawings:

Fig. 1 is a cross section of the body pillar and a portion of the door showing my improved door check. This is taken on the line 1-1 of =ig. 2.

Fig. 2 is a vertical section through the body pillar and a portion of the door.

Fig. 3 is a cross section through the center pillar and the rear door pillar showing a modified form of the invention.

Fig. 4 is a section on the line 4-4 of Fig. 3.

l is the body pillar which is here shown as the center pillar of a body. This has an outer member 2 that is welded to the heavy metal stock which forms the pillar proper. welded to the shell 2 and is exposed between the door overlap flanges 4 and 5 of the front and rear doors, respectively. The facing 3 and the shell 2 form a recess 6 to receive the overlap flange 5 of the rear door. This rear door is hinged to swing on an axis 1 and the overlap flange turns into the recess, as shown in the dotted-lines of this figure. The combined door check and holdopen is a spring arm 8 which is bolted by bolt 8 to the body pillar I. This arm is a spring strip which has a curved or bowed portion which projects out to the dotted-line position I0 when the door is closed. The spring arm has an elbow portion 2 which is bolted to the body pillar. When the door is swung open the periphery of the roller l I engages this bowed portion and tends to thrust outwardly or force the spring arm from its normal position, as shown by the full lines in Fig. 1. This brings a spring stress on the roller ll carried by the door which tends to push the door back to the closed position. When the roller has reached the full-open position, that is the outer position, the inclined shoulder 12 snaps behind the roller which comes to rest in the recess or dip II in the spring arm. This is the hold-open position. The hook M on the end of the arm is arranged to catch on the surface 23 of the door panel to check the door. Inasmuch as the shoulder I2 is gradually inclined it will be obvious that the door may be closed without a great deal of effort as the roller will easily climb the inclined shoulder when closing effort is exercised on the door.

The door pillar 21 is provided with a punched-in The facing 3 is i recess 15 and a punched-out slot l6 through which the spring arm of the check member passes. It will be seen that while the bowed portion 8 is bowed on a radius, that radius is not on a center which is the hinging axis of the door but is on a center outwardly removed from the hinging axis of the door, which is the point I1. This affords a radius that is considerably longer than the radius on which the roller ll swings and the center is beyond the hinging axis of the door and to the outside thereof. Hence, when the door swings open the are on which the roller Or contact member swings intersects the curvature of the bowed portion of the check arm and the result is it flexes the check outwardly against the spring resistance in the check arm. The result is it puts the check under stress tending to close the door.

It will be noted that the roller or contact member II is carried on a plate l8 which is secured to the jamb face of the door. The plate has turnedin-portions H) which support the pin 20 about which the roller turns. The roller has a bearing bushing 2| on the inside which turns on the pin 28.

In the modified form shown in Figs. 3 and 4 I provide a bump 22 or block on the end of the check. This has a tapered surface 24' which is struck by roller 25 and this causes the spring strip 23' to be pressed back and then the roller 25 snaps behind the block into recess 26. This is indicated by the legend Hold Open Position" in Fig. 3. The turned-over end 21 of the check arm engaging with the roller acts asthe final check of the door. This is indicated by the legend Check Position in Fig. 3. Roller 25 is carried by the bracket arms 28. The back of the block acts with the roll to hold the door open.

It will be obvious that the positions of the check arm and roller might be reversed so far as their placement on the door and body pillars is concerned.

In the drawings, Figs. 1 and 3, where the legend Hinge Point is used, this is the hinge axis on which the door swings on the body pillar. In Fig. 3, there is a legend Check Position and a legend Hold Open Position. These are the angular positions from a radius parallel with the jamb face of the door projected from the hinge point when the door is finally checked and held open. The check position happens, in this case, to be an angle of 68 and the hold open position an angle of 64. In other words, the door travels through 68 before it is finally checked, and then rebounds 4 to the hold open position.

aura-n1 What I claim is:

1. A door check and hold-open for use on vehicle bodies or similar places comprising a spring check arm member fixedly secured on one of the pillars of the doorand body, the end 01' the check arm being curved to form a recess, and a block secured to the arm ahead of the recess and having an inclined face, a contact member secured to the inside of the other pillar and arranged when the door is thrown open to contact the inclined face on the block to force the check am out of the path of the contact member to then drop behind the block and into the recess formed by the turned-over end of the check arm to check the door and act as a hold-open. Y

2. A door check and hold-open for use on vehicle bodies or similar places comprising a spring check arm member fixedly secured on one-of the pillars of the door and body, the end of the check arm being curved to form a recess. and a block 20 secured to the arm ahead of the recess and hav- 4 in: an inclined face, a roller secured to the inside of the other pillar and arranged when the door is thrown open to contact the inclined face REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the file oi this patent:

UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Name Date 222,787 Wright Dec. 16, 1879 1,538,726 Moran May 19, 1925 1,735,024 Toncray Nov. 12, 1929 2,140,958 Jacobs Dec. 20, 1938

US789579A 1947-12-04 1947-12-04 Door check and hold-open Expired - Lifetime US2513751A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US789579A US2513751A (en) 1947-12-04 1947-12-04 Door check and hold-open

Applications Claiming Priority (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US789579A US2513751A (en) 1947-12-04 1947-12-04 Door check and hold-open
DE1950G0001831 DE1671708U (en) 1947-12-04 1950-09-26 Tueranschlag- and -offenhaltevorrichtung.

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Cited By (15)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2769197A (en) * 1950-11-06 1956-11-06 Travis Door check structure
US2779050A (en) * 1953-03-30 1957-01-29 Gen Motors Corp Door check and holdopen
US2799042A (en) * 1954-10-21 1957-07-16 Mckinney Mfg Co Motor vehicle door hinges
US2870477A (en) * 1955-06-01 1959-01-27 Gen Motors Corp Hinge
US2893050A (en) * 1954-10-21 1959-07-07 Mckinney Mfg Co Motor vehicle door hinge
US2947023A (en) * 1958-05-26 1960-08-02 Gen Motors Corp Door hinge, check, and hold-open
US3051983A (en) * 1960-06-08 1962-09-04 Gen Motors Corp Door check and hold-open
US3763519A (en) * 1971-01-08 1973-10-09 L Favre Door spring
US3947918A (en) * 1975-02-25 1976-04-06 Lucien Henri Favre Door closer
US4301570A (en) * 1979-08-16 1981-11-24 International Harvester Company Door check and holding device for a motor vehicle
US4527825A (en) * 1983-11-17 1985-07-09 General Motors Corporation Fuel filler door with dual hinge
US4532675A (en) * 1982-05-17 1985-08-06 Ford Motor Company Door hinge with integral check
US4663801A (en) * 1985-09-26 1987-05-12 General Motors Corporation Door check
US4841600A (en) * 1988-03-23 1989-06-27 Paccar Inc Door check and stop
US5444894A (en) * 1993-12-27 1995-08-29 Chrysler Corporation Vehicle door hinge with integrated check

Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US222767A (en) * 1879-12-16 Improvement in wheel-cultivators
US1538726A (en) * 1924-03-07 1925-05-19 Edward A Moran Door-retaining spring
US1735024A (en) * 1927-01-10 1929-11-12 Hudson Motor Car Co Doorcheck
US2140958A (en) * 1937-03-29 1938-12-20 Rex C Jacobs Door check bracket

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US222767A (en) * 1879-12-16 Improvement in wheel-cultivators
US1538726A (en) * 1924-03-07 1925-05-19 Edward A Moran Door-retaining spring
US1735024A (en) * 1927-01-10 1929-11-12 Hudson Motor Car Co Doorcheck
US2140958A (en) * 1937-03-29 1938-12-20 Rex C Jacobs Door check bracket

Cited By (15)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2769197A (en) * 1950-11-06 1956-11-06 Travis Door check structure
US2779050A (en) * 1953-03-30 1957-01-29 Gen Motors Corp Door check and holdopen
US2799042A (en) * 1954-10-21 1957-07-16 Mckinney Mfg Co Motor vehicle door hinges
US2893050A (en) * 1954-10-21 1959-07-07 Mckinney Mfg Co Motor vehicle door hinge
US2870477A (en) * 1955-06-01 1959-01-27 Gen Motors Corp Hinge
US2947023A (en) * 1958-05-26 1960-08-02 Gen Motors Corp Door hinge, check, and hold-open
US3051983A (en) * 1960-06-08 1962-09-04 Gen Motors Corp Door check and hold-open
US3763519A (en) * 1971-01-08 1973-10-09 L Favre Door spring
US3947918A (en) * 1975-02-25 1976-04-06 Lucien Henri Favre Door closer
US4301570A (en) * 1979-08-16 1981-11-24 International Harvester Company Door check and holding device for a motor vehicle
US4532675A (en) * 1982-05-17 1985-08-06 Ford Motor Company Door hinge with integral check
US4527825A (en) * 1983-11-17 1985-07-09 General Motors Corporation Fuel filler door with dual hinge
US4663801A (en) * 1985-09-26 1987-05-12 General Motors Corporation Door check
US4841600A (en) * 1988-03-23 1989-06-27 Paccar Inc Door check and stop
US5444894A (en) * 1993-12-27 1995-08-29 Chrysler Corporation Vehicle door hinge with integrated check

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Publication number Publication date
DE1671708U (en) 1954-02-11

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