US2498203A - Child's play pen - Google Patents

Child's play pen Download PDF

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US2498203A
US2498203A US732225A US73222547A US2498203A US 2498203 A US2498203 A US 2498203A US 732225 A US732225 A US 732225A US 73222547 A US73222547 A US 73222547A US 2498203 A US2498203 A US 2498203A
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pen
frame
posts
arms
floor
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US732225A
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Wilbur E Fischer
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Wilbur E Fischer
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A47FURNITURE; DOMESTIC ARTICLES OR APPLIANCES; COFFEE MILLS; SPICE MILLS; SUCTION CLEANERS IN GENERAL
    • A47DFURNITURE SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR CHILDREN
    • A47D13/00Other nursery furniture
    • A47D13/06Children's play- pens
    • A47D13/066Children's play- pens dismountable

Description

Feb. 21, 1950 w. E. FISCHER cnxw's PLAY PEN 2 Sheets-:Sheet 1 Filed March 4, 1947 l l/LBUE 5. 5567/58,

[rel/enter:

By. I

lfzforllj Feb. 21, 1950 w. E. FISCHER CHILDS PLAY PEN 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 Filed March 4, 1947 54 502 E Pisa/15E,

Inventor;

Patented Feb. 21, 1950 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE 2,498,203 I CHILD'S PLAY PEN Wilbur E. Fischer, Freeport, N. Y.

Application March 4, 1947, Serial No. 732,225

1 8 Claims.

The present invention relates to children's play pens.

An object of this invention is to provide a play pen of-novel and improved construction, which can be folded up'into a relatively small portable package, and when desired for use, can be quickly and easily assembled without tools, anywhere. A further object hereof is to provide an article of the character described, of novel and improved construction, whose parts cooperate in a novel manner to elTect a sturdy structure when in assembled condition, and are adapted to fit into one another when folded, to accomplish a compact bundle which is conveniently stored, transported or'carried.

.'Another object hereof is to provide a novel and improved play pen of the nature set forth, which is reasonably cheap to manufacture, which will not become dismantled or collapsed due to any tampering a small child is capable of, which mayinclude means to keep out the sun from the pen area when the play pen is used in the open, as in a back yard, park or at the beach, and which is efficient in carrying out the purposes for which it is designed.

Other objects and advantages will become apparent as this disclosure proceeds.

In the accompanying drawings forming part of this specification, similar characters of reference indicate corresponding parts in all the views. Fig. l is a perspective view of an embodiment of'this invention; as is appears assembled for use. Fi 2- shows in perspective the means used to hold the pen in extended use condition, Such means is a frame occupying a position above the pen, and may serve as a canopy frame. It is here shown in partially open condition.

Fig. 3 is a fragmentary sectional view taken at- :line 11-8 in Fig. 2.

- 4 is a perspective view of the frame which supports the pen,.shown in open condition.

Fig. 5 shows the pen component included in this embodiment, in perspective and extended condition. fabric material and the like. It could not of it- "self, stand up as shown. It is supported on the pen frame of Fig. 4. It is presented as shown, to facilitate explanation. '-'Fig. 6 is a perspective view showing the pen frame in substantially folded condition.

'-- Fig. 7 is a perspective view showing the canopy 'irame in substantially folded condition.

Fig. 8 is a fragmentary perspective view showing the 'manner in which the floor bars of the pen-frame, engage the hinge block of the canopy This entire component is made of.

2 frame, when said frames and what they carry are associated to form a small bundle, when the canopy frame is telescopically set within the folded pen frame. 3

Fig. 9 is a fragmentary, perspective exploded view, showing the engaging ends of co-operating' arms and posts, respectively included in said canopy and pen frames.

Fig. 10 shows the structure of Fig. 1, in fully collapsed condition, with its components compactly arranged in a bundle which is easily carried in hand or conveniently stored.

In the drawings, the numeral [5 indicates generally a pen structure made entirely of fabric like material as cloth, netting and binding tape, so that it can be freely-folded in any desired manner. It may consist of a tubular structure made of upright walls defining the pen area, butit may be formed as a box structure having a bottom or'floor component also. In the center of such fabric floor member, is a hole or opening it, to expose and have access to a handle I! carried on hinge block 18, of the pen frame designated generally, by the numeral IS. The fabric pen l5, may be of any polygonal shape, and is found very practical as in the-embodiment illus trated, to beprismatic square. Said pen I 5, is carried by and positioned within orabout the pen frame [9, whereby the vertices of 'the dihedral angles of said pens upright walls, are respectively along thevertical posts 20, 21, 22 and 23, and suitably secured thereto. Of course, the floor bars 24, 25, 2B and 21, are covered by the floor of the fabric pen Hi, from their respective hinge connections to block l8, to the aforementioned vertical posts, which are respectively hingedly connected to the floor bars, as indicated by the numeral 23. Divergent movement of the vertical posts is limited by the fabric pen (5, or chain 45 along its rim hem and their convergent movement, collapses said pen I5. However, upon pulling handle l1 upwardly, the walls and floor of'pen II, will lie between the posts and floor bars of the pen frame 19, as can be visualized from the showing in Fig. 6, where fabric pen I5 is omitted to afford convenience for the explanation of this invention.

The hinge connection 28, is a distance inward from the outward extremities of the floor bars, affording external portions marked prime, which lend greater stability to the assembled structure of Fig. 1. Note the notches in such external portions marked double prime. That is, as to floor bar 24, the outward extension is 24 and the lat-- ter's notches areil". a

It is advisable that hinges 28 shall permit the vertical posts only ninety degrees angular movement with respect to their respectively associated floor bars. Said floor bars and posts are preferably made of fiat bar stock, and as thin as required strength shall permit.

Frame 29, which is adapted to have mounted thereon a fabric cover to serve as a canop sun shade (not shown), includes a central hinge block 30, to which are hingedly secured one of '.-'the'- respective ends of a plurality of elongated members or arms 3|, which arms extend radially of said hinge block 38. points 32, which are the hinge connections, are

really a little spaced from said ends of the arms It should be noted that such 3|, so that said ends may be in contact-with'a swivelled head 32 at the end of a regulating screw 33, which is threadedly engaged through the hinge block 30.

when swung to folded position as shown in Fig. '7, there is still left some space at the entrances of said respective notches 34, into which may enter the reduced portions, one of which is indicated in Fig. 4, by the numeral 35, between the notches 24" of pen frame floor bar 24, when the entire article is assembled in collapsed condition into a bundle.

It might here be noted that if a fabric canopy is mounted on and about the arms 3| of frame 29, said fabric member will lie within the space determined by said arms shown in Fig. 'l.

The free end of each of the arms 3|, are provided with a notch as at 36. The upper free ends of each of the vertical posts of frame It, also have a notch 37, across which is mounted a pin or better yet, a headed screw 38, positioned loosely through prong 39 and in threaded relation through prong 39. The structure includes as many arms 3|, as there are posts of the pen frame I9, and the dimensions of the various components are such as to afford the structure contemplated in use condition, and to permit engagement of the frames l9 and 23, when put together in collapsed or folded condition, as hereinafter explained. It is evident that an arm 'of the frame 28,can be set with pin 38 within notch 36, to engage a vertical post of frame ID. All said arms and posts are adapted to be so associated. If the arm 3| fits snug between prgngs 39 and 39', and a screw is used as explained, said screw'may be tightened to eifect a secure joint. The entire structure consists principally of two separable parts, shown apart and in folded con dition in' Figs. 6 and '1, where fabric parts, though present, are not shown for the sake of clarity of illustration.

To assemble for use, the arms 3| of frame 29, referring to Fig; 7, are swung downward to position shown as in Fig. 3. Referring to Fig. 6, handle I1 is taken in hand and pushed downward, and then the vertical posts of pen frame H are swung upward, to position as shown in Fig. 4. The respective ends of the arms 3| of frame 29, are now associated with the upper ends of the vertical posts of frame I3; such being-afforded by manipulation of regulating screw 33. Screws 38 are tightened, if same are included. The play pen is in condition for use. How 'todismantle and bring back the parts to condition shown in Figs. 6 and 7 is evident.

For compact assembly into a bundle, the arms 3| of the folded frame 29, are placed into the space determined by the floor bars of the folded Said arms 3| are positionedwithin notches 34 in said hinge block 30, and

4 bars, being set respectively into the entrances of notches 34 in the hinge block 30. A rectangular piece of fabric material indicated by 40, may be used for wrapping the folded assembly, and may be provided with a handle 4|, whereby the package maybe carried. Said fabric cover 40 may have snap fastener parts (not shown) to engage fastener parts 42 on the pen l5, so that piece 40,

when spread out, can be hung as a pen shade in the erected assembly of Fig. 1.

Referring to Fig. 3, it might be noted that upon downward movement of the regulator screw 33 =through the block 30, the square determined by the outwardly remote ends of arms 3|, is increased, and of course decreased upon reverse move- 'ment-of said regulator screw. The former manipulation is used at assembly into use position,

and the latter when the play pen is to be dis- .mantled. However, regardless of position of said regulator screw 33, the arms 3| are free to be shifted to the position shown in Fig. 7, when frame 29 is separated from the pen frame l9. This invention is capable of various forms and numerous applications without departing from the essential features herein disclosed. It is theref fore intended and desired that the embodiment herein be deemed illustrative and not restrictive and that the patent shall cover all patentable matter herein set forth; reference being had to the following claims rather than to the specific description herein to indicate the scope of this inventio'n.

-I claim:

I 1. In an article of the character described a foldable pen frame comprising a member deter-,- mining a floor area, a series of posts hingedly mounted'at their bottom ends at spaced points on said member and adapted to be respectively swung downward to lie on said member, means on the pen frame for limiting the angular movementof the posts with respect to said member, a foldablecanopy frame comprising a hinge block, a series 'of arms pivotally mounted at one of their respective ends to the hinge block and adapted to extend radially angularly therefrom and an arm: positioning means on the canopy frame adapted to simultaneously move said'arms substantially identically; the free ends of said arms and of said posts having cooperative engagement means, whereby when the posts are in their raised position and when the arms of the canopy frame arepositioned extending angularly from the hinge block, the free ends of said arms are adapted to be set into engagement respectively with the respective posts of the pen frame, where upon ma.- nipulation of the arm positioning means to move said arms towards coplanar relation the frames become sturdy.

2. An article as defined in claim 1, wherein the means for limiting the angular movement .of'the postscomprises a non-stretchable foldable member carried on all the posts. 3; An article as defined in claim 1, wherein the "means for limiting-the angular movement of the posts comprise walls of foldable material spanning successive posts and carriedby them and forming an enclosure about the floor area.

4. In an article of the character described, a foldable pen frame comprising a first hinge block, a series of floor bars pivotally mounted at one of their respective ends to the first hinge block and adapted to extend horizontally radially therefrom anda series of posts, each respectively hingedly :mounted atone end to the free end of eachbf frame I9; the reduced portions 35 of said floor .76 thefioor bars respectively; said posts being adapt;

ed to lie superposed on the respective floor bars with their free ends positioned at or towards the first hinge block, and adapted when the fioor bars are arranged horizontally, to be swung upwardly in angular relation to the respective floor bars, means for limiting the angular movement of the posts with respect to the floor bars, and a foldable canopy frame comprising a second hinge block, a series of arms pivotally mounted at one of their respective ends to the second hinge block and adapted to extend radially angularly therefrom, and an arm positioning means on the canopy frame, adapted for simultaneously moving said canopy frame arms substantially identically; the free ends of said arms and of said posts having cooperative engagementmeans whereby when the pen frame is positioned with its floor bars horizontal and with its posts in raised position and when the arms of the canopy frame are positioned extending angularly from the second hinge block, the free ends of said arm's are adapted to be set into engagement respectively with the top ends of the respective posts, where upon manipulation of said arm positioning means to move said arms towards horizontal the frames become sturdy, and whereby upon removal of the canopy frame from the pen frame, the latter is foldable upon upward movement of the first hinge block so that the floor bars han vertical therefrom and the posts are swingable to position adjacent the respective floor bars.

5. An article as defined in claim 4, wherein the means for limiting the angular movement of the posts comprises a non-stretchable foldable member carried on all the posts 6. An article as defined in claim 4, wherein the means for limiting the angular movement of the 6 posts comprise walls of foldable material spanning successive posts and carried by them and forming an enclosure about the floor area substantially determined by said posts.

'7. An article as defined in claim 4, wherein the posts are respectively hinged to the floor bars, spaced from the respective outer ends of the fioor bars, whereby upon arranging the pen frame into erected position, the floor bars extend exterior the floor area determined by the posts.

8. An article as defined in claim 4, wherein the canopy frame is adapted to be folded whereby all the arms thereof are positioned substantially normal to the second hinge block and whereby with the pen frame in folded condition, the frames may be placed telescopically one within the other so that the hinge blocks are adjacent opposite ends of the resulting bundle, and wherein the hinge block of one of the frames is provided with cutouts wherein the members extending from the hinge block of the other of said frames, enter and are engaged respectively, locking said frames against separation by a longitudinal movement with respect to each other.

WILBUR E. FISCHER.

REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the file of this patent:

UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Name Date 1,413,068 Stotler Apr. 18, 1922 FOREIGN PATENTS Number Country Date 169,660 Great Britain Oct. 6, 1921

US732225A 1947-03-04 1947-03-04 Child's play pen Expired - Lifetime US2498203A (en)

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Cited By (23)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2809382A (en) * 1955-04-26 1957-10-15 Robert B Jackson Baby playpen
US2837752A (en) * 1954-11-15 1958-06-10 Esther M Wilkerson Knock-down play pen
US2908021A (en) * 1957-12-26 1959-10-13 Trimble Inc Playyard
US4688280A (en) * 1986-10-20 1987-08-25 Kohusmariol, Inc. Foldable playpen assembly with ease of portability
US4703525A (en) * 1986-11-14 1987-11-03 Louis Shamie Foldable playpen frame
US4750223A (en) * 1985-10-11 1988-06-14 The Quaker Oats Company Portable crib
US4811437A (en) * 1987-06-26 1989-03-14 Graco Metal Products, Inc. Foldable playyard
US5279006A (en) * 1992-08-28 1994-01-18 Teng Jerry M S Play yards for infants
US5363521A (en) * 1992-06-01 1994-11-15 Fisher-Price, Inc. Collapsible playpen
US5697111A (en) * 1994-11-04 1997-12-16 Graco Children's Products Inc. Foldable playyard having lockable hub
US5819342A (en) * 1997-02-05 1998-10-13 Graco Children's Products Inc. Foldable playyard with latch locking hub system
US5826285A (en) * 1996-09-10 1998-10-27 Kolcraft Enterprises, Inc. Play yard
US5867851A (en) * 1996-09-10 1999-02-09 Kolcraft Enterprises, Inc. Play yard
US5930854A (en) * 1996-10-10 1999-08-03 James Galt & Company Limited Infant accommodation apparatus
US6810545B1 (en) 2000-11-13 2004-11-02 Mattel, Inc. Infant support pillow and method of assembling the same
US20040224823A1 (en) * 2003-05-07 2004-11-11 Myers Peter J. Play gyms and methods of operating the same
US20050003732A1 (en) * 2003-07-01 2005-01-06 Graco Children's Products Inc. Toy Accessory
US6922953B1 (en) 2002-09-09 2005-08-02 Erosion Control Products, Inc. Diamond post stabilizer
US20070066446A1 (en) * 2005-09-20 2007-03-22 Infantino, Llc Collapsible umbrella gym
US20100029170A1 (en) * 2006-10-04 2010-02-04 Diana Hall Infant accomodation apparatus
GB2465596B (en) * 2008-11-21 2011-01-05 Catherine Dolores Curtis Portable playpen
US9907411B2 (en) 2012-11-29 2018-03-06 Kids Ii, Inc. Child support unit for a play yard
USD824691S1 (en) * 2016-01-19 2018-08-07 Jonathan Russell Smith Inflatable child safety bed

Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB169660A (en) * 1921-01-31 1921-10-06 Ichitaro Kamisaka Bedstead
US1413068A (en) * 1920-12-22 1922-04-18 Frank W Stotler Nursery nest

Patent Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1413068A (en) * 1920-12-22 1922-04-18 Frank W Stotler Nursery nest
GB169660A (en) * 1921-01-31 1921-10-06 Ichitaro Kamisaka Bedstead

Cited By (35)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2837752A (en) * 1954-11-15 1958-06-10 Esther M Wilkerson Knock-down play pen
US2809382A (en) * 1955-04-26 1957-10-15 Robert B Jackson Baby playpen
US2908021A (en) * 1957-12-26 1959-10-13 Trimble Inc Playyard
US4750223A (en) * 1985-10-11 1988-06-14 The Quaker Oats Company Portable crib
US4688280A (en) * 1986-10-20 1987-08-25 Kohusmariol, Inc. Foldable playpen assembly with ease of portability
US4703525A (en) * 1986-11-14 1987-11-03 Louis Shamie Foldable playpen frame
US4811437A (en) * 1987-06-26 1989-03-14 Graco Metal Products, Inc. Foldable playyard
US5363521A (en) * 1992-06-01 1994-11-15 Fisher-Price, Inc. Collapsible playpen
US5544372A (en) * 1992-06-01 1996-08-13 Fisher-Price, Inc. Ball and socket joint, useful with collapsible playpens
US5279006A (en) * 1992-08-28 1994-01-18 Teng Jerry M S Play yards for infants
US5697111A (en) * 1994-11-04 1997-12-16 Graco Children's Products Inc. Foldable playyard having lockable hub
US5826285A (en) * 1996-09-10 1998-10-27 Kolcraft Enterprises, Inc. Play yard
US5867851A (en) * 1996-09-10 1999-02-09 Kolcraft Enterprises, Inc. Play yard
US6250837B1 (en) 1996-09-10 2001-06-26 Kolcraft Enterprises, Inc. Rail joint
US5930854A (en) * 1996-10-10 1999-08-03 James Galt & Company Limited Infant accommodation apparatus
US5819342A (en) * 1997-02-05 1998-10-13 Graco Children's Products Inc. Foldable playyard with latch locking hub system
US6810545B1 (en) 2000-11-13 2004-11-02 Mattel, Inc. Infant support pillow and method of assembling the same
US6922953B1 (en) 2002-09-09 2005-08-02 Erosion Control Products, Inc. Diamond post stabilizer
US20080188355A1 (en) * 2003-05-07 2008-08-07 Myers Peter J Play gyms and methods of operating the same
US8764612B2 (en) 2003-05-07 2014-07-01 Kolcraft Enterprises, Inc. Play gyms and methods of operating the same
US8388501B2 (en) 2003-05-07 2013-03-05 Kolcraft Enterprises, Inc. Play gyms and methods of operating the same
US8257229B2 (en) 2003-05-07 2012-09-04 Kolcraft Enterprises, Inc. Play gyms and methods of operating the same
US7376993B2 (en) 2003-05-07 2008-05-27 Kolcraft Enterprises Play gyms and methods of operating the same
US20040224823A1 (en) * 2003-05-07 2004-11-11 Myers Peter J. Play gyms and methods of operating the same
US10314410B2 (en) 2003-05-07 2019-06-11 Kolcraft Enterprises, Inc. Play gyms and methods of operating the same
US20050003732A1 (en) * 2003-07-01 2005-01-06 Graco Children's Products Inc. Toy Accessory
US7037170B2 (en) * 2003-07-01 2006-05-02 Graco Children's Products Inc. Toy accessory
US20070066446A1 (en) * 2005-09-20 2007-03-22 Infantino, Llc Collapsible umbrella gym
US8616932B2 (en) * 2005-09-20 2013-12-31 Infantino, Llc Collapsible umbrella gym
US8328594B2 (en) * 2006-10-04 2012-12-11 James Galt & Company Ltd. Infant accomodation apparatus
US20100029170A1 (en) * 2006-10-04 2010-02-04 Diana Hall Infant accomodation apparatus
GB2465596B (en) * 2008-11-21 2011-01-05 Catherine Dolores Curtis Portable playpen
US9027179B2 (en) 2008-11-21 2015-05-12 Catherine Dolores Curtis Portable playpen
US9907411B2 (en) 2012-11-29 2018-03-06 Kids Ii, Inc. Child support unit for a play yard
USD824691S1 (en) * 2016-01-19 2018-08-07 Jonathan Russell Smith Inflatable child safety bed

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