US2479268A - Method of space heating - Google Patents

Method of space heating Download PDF

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Publication number
US2479268A
US2479268A US794485A US79448547A US2479268A US 2479268 A US2479268 A US 2479268A US 794485 A US794485 A US 794485A US 79448547 A US79448547 A US 79448547A US 2479268 A US2479268 A US 2479268A
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Prior art keywords
electric
space heating
heating
radiator
heat
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US794485A
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Sarria Nelida
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Sarria Nelida
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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24HFLUID HEATERS, e.g. WATER OR AIR HEATERS, HAVING HEAT GENERATING MEANS, IN GENERAL
    • F24H7/00Storage heaters, i.e. heaters in which energy is stored as heat in masses for subsequent release
    • F24H7/02Storage heaters, i.e. heaters in which energy is stored as heat in masses for subsequent release the released heat being conveyed to a transfer fluid, e.g. air, water
    • F24H7/0208Storage heaters, i.e. heaters in which energy is stored as heat in masses for subsequent release the released heat being conveyed to a transfer fluid, e.g. air, water with electrical energy supply

Description

ug. 16, M949. N, SARRM METHOD OF SPACE HEATING Filed Dec. 30, 1947 INVENTOR.
Patented Aug. 16, 1949 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE METHOD F SPACE HEATING Nelida Sarria, Buenos Aires, Argentina Application December 30, 1947, Serial No. 794,485 In Argentina January 14, 1947 1 Claim. 1
My invention consists of an improved method of space heating by means of a device which takes advantage of the calories produced by an electric current in a metallic radiator and maintains and continues to distribute the said heat for a period of time considerably in excess of that given by the usual electric radiators and stoves, whilst consuming less current than such other stoves.
With this new device, owing to its capacity for retaining heat, it is possible to continue the heating, even when the current is shut olf for intervals of time, thereby economising current and consuming far less than the usual type of electric heater.
The device consists of an electric radiator which may be of any shape, preferably that of a rectangular prism, the case of which is made of metal and the iront outside wall of which may be chrome or nickel plated, containing an electric resistance of the usual kind of a size proportionally suitable to the apparatus, covered with sheets of mica to insulate same and completely surrounded by a material which retains and redistributes heat, preferably fine, dry sand, with which the whole of the interior of the metallic case of the heater is filled.
Between the said sand and the metal outer case of the -radiator a thick sheet of insulating material, such as asbestos is interposed at the top, back and bottom of the inside of said radiator and said sheets are attached in close contact to the inner surfaces of said three positions in order to prevent the loss of heat in these three directions, which arrangement is illustrated in the attached drawings, where:
Fig. 1 is a vertical section through the center of the front elevation.
(l) the `outer wall, which is of metal and of which the front outer surface may be chrome or nickel plated. The thick asbestos sheet (2) separates the metal walls from the sand in three positions. (3) is the ne, dry sand and (4) is the electric resistance insulated by two sheet mica covers. (5) is the plug for attaching the radiator to the source of electric supply (6) is the removable lid controlled by a spring.
Fig. 2 shows a vertical central section in side elevation.
Fig. 3 shows an exterior elevation of the radiator with its double movable covers at the top for greater facility in changing the electric resistance, or attending to any other defects. The handles for lifting the lids are shown at (l).
The manner of using the new method of heating in accordance with my invention is as follows: The plug is attached to the source of electric current and the radiator heats up the dry sand which, owing to its heat-retaining properties, maintains the said heat for a long period.
Automatic electric switches and thermostats may be attached to the apparatus for the purpose of automatically regulating the space temperature by switching the current on or off as required.
As will be clearly seen, the advantages of my invention are very great both economically and in the consumption of electric current in homes and business premises, etc. firstly through the great economy in consumption, secondly by the avoidance of large water boilers and furnaces with the attendant troubles of fuel storage etc. and labour for attending same. Thirdly because of more rapid heating and longer duration of same without current consumption, owing to the retention of heat. Fourthly as these heaters need only be used in certain rooms where necessary or desirable and do not require a complete installation in the whole building. Fifthly on account of hygiene and the facility of being handled without any danger. Sixthly as there is a great saving of space that would otherwise be occupied by the boiler, fuel storage etc. of the usual space heating installation. A
Having now described my invention, what I claim is':
A storage heater comprising a metal casing provided with a tightly closing lid, at least one` electric heating element in the casing, a thick sheet of asbestos board adjacent to the interior surfaces of the casing and lid, and a filling of ne sand in the casing between the asbestos board and the heating element.
NELIDA SARRIA.
REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the file of this patent:
UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Name Date 854,318 Wantz May 21, 1907 1,060,718 Stanley May 6, 1913 1,528,495 Lennig Mar 3, 1925 1,758,213 Bartik May 13, 1930 2,022,812 Roe Dec. 3, 1935
US794485A 1947-01-14 1947-12-30 Method of space heating Expired - Lifetime US2479268A (en)

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Cited By (13)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3678248A (en) * 1971-03-15 1972-07-18 Yves P Tricault Household dish-heating appliance
US3780262A (en) * 1972-07-28 1973-12-18 R Rudd Thermal bank
US5750962A (en) * 1995-02-27 1998-05-12 Vesture Corporation Thermal retention device
US5892202A (en) * 1996-09-06 1999-04-06 Vesture Corporation Thermal storage and transport
US5932129A (en) * 1995-02-27 1999-08-03 Vesture Corporation Thermal retention device
US6121578A (en) * 1998-03-17 2000-09-19 Vesture Corporation Wrap heater and method for heating food product
US6353208B1 (en) 2000-02-15 2002-03-05 Vesture Corporation Apparatus and method for heated food delivery
US6392201B1 (en) 2000-08-16 2002-05-21 Vesture Corporation Catering apparatus and method for delivering heated food product
US6433313B1 (en) 2000-02-15 2002-08-13 Vesture Corporation Apparatus and method for heated food delivery
US6555799B2 (en) 2000-02-15 2003-04-29 Vesture Corporation Apparatus and method for heated food delivery
US6629396B1 (en) * 2000-05-22 2003-10-07 Gevorg Avetisyan Cell adaptable for construction of a housing structure
US20040178189A1 (en) * 2001-08-14 2004-09-16 Bernard Peyronny Electric heating unit housed in a calorie accumulator block
US6936791B1 (en) 1996-09-06 2005-08-30 Vesture Acquisition Corporation Thermal storage and transport

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US854318A (en) * 1907-03-09 1907-05-21 Victor Electric Company Electric sterilizer.
US1060718A (en) * 1912-09-07 1913-05-06 Gen Electric Electric heater.
US1528495A (en) * 1922-08-25 1925-03-03 Electric Radiator & Engineerin Electrically-heated radiator
US1758213A (en) * 1927-05-31 1930-05-13 Bartik Josef Electrical heating apparatus
US2022812A (en) * 1932-10-25 1935-12-03 Stephen W Borden Air heater

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US854318A (en) * 1907-03-09 1907-05-21 Victor Electric Company Electric sterilizer.
US1060718A (en) * 1912-09-07 1913-05-06 Gen Electric Electric heater.
US1528495A (en) * 1922-08-25 1925-03-03 Electric Radiator & Engineerin Electrically-heated radiator
US1758213A (en) * 1927-05-31 1930-05-13 Bartik Josef Electrical heating apparatus
US2022812A (en) * 1932-10-25 1935-12-03 Stephen W Borden Air heater

Cited By (22)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3678248A (en) * 1971-03-15 1972-07-18 Yves P Tricault Household dish-heating appliance
US3780262A (en) * 1972-07-28 1973-12-18 R Rudd Thermal bank
US5750962A (en) * 1995-02-27 1998-05-12 Vesture Corporation Thermal retention device
US5932129A (en) * 1995-02-27 1999-08-03 Vesture Corporation Thermal retention device
US5999699A (en) * 1995-02-27 1999-12-07 Vesture Corporation Thermal retention device with outer covering receiving a warmer and food to be heated
US6329644B1 (en) 1995-02-27 2001-12-11 Vesture Corporation Thermal retention-device
US6215954B1 (en) 1995-02-27 2001-04-10 Vesture Corporation Thermal retention-device
US5892202A (en) * 1996-09-06 1999-04-06 Vesture Corporation Thermal storage and transport
US6936791B1 (en) 1996-09-06 2005-08-30 Vesture Acquisition Corporation Thermal storage and transport
US6300599B1 (en) 1998-03-17 2001-10-09 Vesture Corporation Wrap heater and method for heating food product
US6121578A (en) * 1998-03-17 2000-09-19 Vesture Corporation Wrap heater and method for heating food product
US6353208B1 (en) 2000-02-15 2002-03-05 Vesture Corporation Apparatus and method for heated food delivery
US6433313B1 (en) 2000-02-15 2002-08-13 Vesture Corporation Apparatus and method for heated food delivery
US6486443B2 (en) 2000-02-15 2002-11-26 Vesture Corporation Apparatus and method for heated food delivery
US6555799B2 (en) 2000-02-15 2003-04-29 Vesture Corporation Apparatus and method for heated food delivery
US6555789B2 (en) 2000-02-15 2003-04-29 Vesture Corporation Apparatus and method for heated food delivery
US6989517B2 (en) 2000-02-15 2006-01-24 Vesture Corporation Apparatus and method for heated food delivery
US6861628B2 (en) 2000-02-15 2005-03-01 Vesture Corporation Apparatus and method for heated food delivery
US6629396B1 (en) * 2000-05-22 2003-10-07 Gevorg Avetisyan Cell adaptable for construction of a housing structure
US6392201B1 (en) 2000-08-16 2002-05-21 Vesture Corporation Catering apparatus and method for delivering heated food product
US20040178189A1 (en) * 2001-08-14 2004-09-16 Bernard Peyronny Electric heating unit housed in a calorie accumulator block
US7132627B2 (en) * 2001-08-14 2006-11-07 Bernard Peyronny Electric heating unit housed in a calorie accumulator block

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