US2477890A - Garment manufacture - Google Patents

Garment manufacture Download PDF

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Publication number
US2477890A
US2477890A US59016645A US2477890A US 2477890 A US2477890 A US 2477890A US 59016645 A US59016645 A US 59016645A US 2477890 A US2477890 A US 2477890A
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garment
fabric
component
indicated
sheet
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Philomena A Montagne
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Philomena A Montagne
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A41WEARING APPAREL
    • A41HAPPLIANCES OR METHODS FOR MAKING CLOTHES, e.g. FOR DRESS-MAKING, FOR TAILORING, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • A41H3/00Patterns for cutting-out; Methods of drafting or marking-out such patterns, e.g. on the cloth
    • A41H3/08Patterns on the cloth, e.g. printed

Description

Aug. 2, 1949. P. A. MONTAGNA GARMENT MANUFACTURE 2 sheets-sheet `1 Filed April 25, 1945 l PM M6 H MOA/246m@ Aug. 2, 1949. P. A. MONTAGNA 2,477,890

' GARMENT MANUFAG'IURE Filed April 2'5, .1945 2 sheets-sheet 2 FRONT Lmmr,

V' SZIS 390019.

Patented Aug. 2, 1949 OFFICE 2,477,890 d GARMENT vMANUFAC'rURE Philomena A; Montagna, Germantown, Pa.

Application April 25, 1945, Serial No. .590,166

1 Claim.

This invention relates to garment making and.

has .particular reference to What is broadly termed .dressmaking as it is carried out by the indivdual at home.

,An objectof the invention is to enable one not talented as a seamstress,- .one who is unskilled in the art of dressmakng vas distinguishedirom atwork, to .make garments of all types and descriptions quickly, easily .and cheaply at home. vAnother. object of the .invention is to bring within ythe capacityofisuch aperson various designs and fasln'ons involving numerous types of functional and decorative trimming which .are impossible to duplicate outside of the more expensivelinesof garments, or which may be kmade athome. as 4copies only at` considerable expense inmaterial .and with .a verysubstantial .amount oi lskill in the matter of fitting, cutting and sewlng.

As a corrolary to the above, I have sought to place at the .disposal of the great massv of people garments which in design, .appearance and quality. of texture have hitherto been available only to those able to afford .the work of expensive designers and costumers, or possessed oi ability and4 fundsto purchase the various materials and make. a copy of the desired garment.

A particular field of usefulness contemplated by the vinvention resides in childrens garments. Designs and styles which in quant-ity and quality would ordinarily be quite outside the scope of the average family-budget may be easily and quickly added at will to the wardrobe. Through my invention it becomes easy for anyone, no matter how unskilled in the art of pattern cutting and the general ield of dressmaking., to outt a family at very small .cost with clothes styled, designed and trimmed in a manner hitherto` available only to those able to afford them or able to make them from fashion book designs, paper. patterns, ete.

This invention is predicated on the old idea of stamping on av sheet of garment fabric cuttins lines delineating the various .component portions of a composite garment, A such as a dress, blouse, etc. Such component parts are usually the iront, the back, the sleeves, the collar, the euis, etc., which are customarily assembled by a dressmaker to form the complete garment, and I. recognize that plain .fabrics so delineated with cutting lines and legends indicating the nature oi -each component portion of the garment and the manner in which they are to be assembled when cut from the. fabric sheet are not broadly new. However, this idea has never been advanced to the point where it possesses any 'real utility because of the very narrow limits; .Within vwhichthe broad idea as above expressed and ltaught in the prior art is applicable.

An object .of my invention .has been to carry this old .ideaiorward to a point where it possesses .real utility and to teach how it may be so basically improved that the results obtainable are tremendously beyond anything hitherto attainable and an entirely new process vis involved as well as .an entirelyy newstarting'material, permitting great .ramifications in this yparticular field.

An important feature of the invention resides in the fact that various component portions of thegarment .as delineated by cutting lines von a garment fabric sheet have representations of trim material imprinted upon or otherwise associated with the fabric. These representations may be in contrasting or other colors, and the designs or imprints on each respective component. are so located and contoured with respect to itV andthe. other trim imprinted components that the .respective designs are coordinated into an integral whole when .the components are cut and assembledin the intended manner to fashion the completed garment.

For purposes of illustration, but by no means of limitation.. I have .selected a simple but attractive womans blouse of that severity of design which tendsr to distinguish .the well designed and executed garment from run-oi-the-mill products, Such tailored garments are frequently softened or relieved by definitely positioned and well executed trimV material. The garment illustratedis banded with parallel spaced pipings or bands. .in .contrasting but .harmonious colors. It willbe. noted that the garment is further distinguished. by gatheringv at the waist and by shoulder ribbon bow appliqus in the same color contrast and order yof color .succession .as themarginalbands.

Thissmartness of simplicity is irequentlyobtainable `only in .expensive garments .and to re.- producev them by hand isv extremelytedious, timeconsuming and very demanding as to skill. Of necessity this is. true because by the-usual practice .of dressmaking the trim material must be added after'the garment per se is'completed Through my invention a substantial facsimile insofar' as :appearance and style are concerned `is obtainable by .the simple expedient of purchasing fa single piece of fabric on which the various component Vportions of the:` garment havel been delineated by cutting llines-'each component portionf having imprinted thereon or otherwise suitably associated therewith in` proper coordinated location the representation of desiredtrim material; cutting the components out of the'iabrie sheet and sewing them together.

Various: other ladvantages and important features vof theinvention'will be readily lapparent from "therifollowing descriptiony .taken in' `.conjunction With the drawings, wherein like numerals 3 refer to like parts throughout the several figures, and wherein:

Figure 1 illustrates a finished garment and Fig. 2 illustrates an integral fabric sheet from which the finished garment is made.

Referring now to the drawings, the garment or blouse is broadly designated by the numeral Ill and comprises a main body portion including a back and a front and sleeves I2 and I3. The material is gathered as indicated at I4 on opposite sides. The color banding is broadly indicated by the numeral I6 and the applique ribbon bows broadly by the numeral I 8. Matching buttons are represented by the numeral 20.

Referring now more particularly to Fig. 2 of the drawings, it will be apparent that the main body portion of the blouse Il] is composed of a back component 22 and two front components 24 and 26, each of which, like other components, is delineated by cutting lines '28. In this particular instance a cutting line 28' is included which, while not a marginal line in the completed garment, must be cut to permit the gathering hitherto referred to and sufficiently indicated on the fabric layout, as will be apparent from the drawmg.

Spaced bands which may be in contrasting colors as indicated on the drawing are imprinted upon predetermined portions of each of these component sections as indicated at 30, 32 and 34 and the applique shoulder ribbon bows are imprinted as indicated at 36, 38 and 40. As will be apparent from the drawing, the margin of each sleeve I2 is relieved by spaced bands which may be similar in color and order of succeeding colors to the bands 30, 32 and 34.

It is important to note that the bands and applique ribbon bows are positioned on the various component portions of the composite garment in predetermined respective locations and that these representations of trim material are so located and contoured with respect to the margins of each that when the components are assembled the respective representations or designs are coordinated into an integral whole. It will therefore be seen that, when the two front sections, respectively, are sewed to opposite sides of the back 22, the bandings thereon will form continuatlons of bandings identical in color and succession of color to the bandings around the neck or throat of said back component 22, thus forming a continuous spaced band throat relief elect around the collar as clearly appears in Fig. 1 of the drawing. Of course the continuity of the bandings will be interrupted at seam lines,

but to the naked eye the eifect is one of uninterrupted continuity.

The fabric layout includes all the necessary components of the finished product such as the linings and/or facings 42 and 44 for the front margins of the blouse, a, facing 46 for the back o1' the collar, and a back band or waist lining 48. Darts are indicated clearly as at 50 to aid in assembling the various components. All of these details are conventional.

The fabric sheet likewise includes a predetermined number of button coverings 52, here shown in the same color contrast and succession of color as the bandings, etc. The size of the buttons is clearly indicated on the fabric sheet and it is necessary only to cut the coverings out and use them as coverings for the size button indicated. The size of button is of course coordinated with the buttonhole indicated at 54 and the particular point of button securement may be indicated by dots as shown at 56.

The design and trim representation associated with the fabric sheet described herein are relatively simple and of course it will be understood that the particular type of trim representation and the particular type of design are of no importance whatsoever insofar as this invention is concerned. The important feature is to associate any trim material representation and design with the Various component portions of the composite garment in such manner that when assembled an integrated whole is obtained by the coordinated portions. It is likewise immaterial how the fabric sheet is produced, i. e., whether the fabric is run through lithograph, offset or any.

other type of press to obtain the desired predetermined imprint. It is also immaterial what type of fabric is used except insofar as it is suitable for the purpose, both as to quality and texture of fabric, and its receptivity characteristic with reference to the type of imprint desired.

While I have suggested in the foregoing description the feasibility of dye printing, the invention contemplates broadly the application in any manner of decorative trim to correlated portions of each component section of the finished garment as delineated by the cutting lines of the fabric sheet to provide absolutely nished units which need only be cut and sewed together by the most inexperienced in order to obtain results hitherto utterly unavailable without considerable expenditure of time, money and skill, or from the more costly garments.

What I claim is:

A new article of manufactude comprising a fabric sheet having independently delineated thereon, by cutting lines for each, the separate individual component portions of a selected complete garment of the type usually assembled by a dressmaker and legends indicating the nature of component parts and suiiicient data to indicate the manner of their assembly, certain of said component portions having representations of trim material imprinted thereon to produce the elect of trim material separately applied to the fabric, each representation being so located and contoured with respect to its respective component that when the components are cut from the sheet and subsequently assembled the various trim material representations become coordinated into an integral whole, whereby the effect of such a garment previously assembled and subsequently so trimmed with separate material is obtained.

PHILOMENA A. MONTAGNA.

REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the file of this patent:

UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Name Date 355,874 Jooss Jan. 11, 1887 932,870 Kasralowicz Aug. 31, 1909 1,374,970 Weyand Apr. 19, 1921 1,419,634 Koewing June 13, 1922 1,599,069 Trueb Sept. 7, 1926 1,701,152 Freedman Feb. 5, 1929 FOREIGN PATENTS Number Country Date 19,641 Great Britain Sept. 4, 1911

US2477890A 1945-04-25 1945-04-25 Garment manufacture Expired - Lifetime US2477890A (en)

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Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2637039A (en) * 1949-09-09 1953-05-05 Teitelbaum Albert Garment construction
US3033357A (en) * 1958-04-10 1962-05-08 Vogel Lida Brown Apparel kit
US3077196A (en) * 1961-04-12 1963-02-12 Anthony E Paxton Brassiere
US3371363A (en) * 1965-08-11 1968-03-05 Tapatco Inc Life vest and method of making same
US3705427A (en) * 1967-01-31 1972-12-12 Flotti Puppenkleiderspiele Gmb Blank and dress made therefrom
US4025963A (en) * 1974-05-29 1977-05-31 Kiyo Sugita Printed cloth

Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US355874A (en) * 1887-01-11 Eichaed jooss
US932870A (en) * 1909-06-01 1909-08-31 Ely Kasralowicz Apparel apparatus.
GB191119641A (en) * 1911-09-04 1912-07-25 Joseph Mathias Herschell An Improved Method of Manufacturing Material for Children's Dresses and similar Garments.
US1374970A (en) * 1921-04-19 weyand
US1419634A (en) * 1919-06-14 1922-06-13 Koewing Paterns Inc Pattern for garments
US1599069A (en) * 1924-02-18 1926-09-07 Rudolph O Trueb Manufacture of garments
US1701152A (en) * 1926-09-15 1929-02-05 Frandor Mfg Co Inc Decorative textile article

Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US355874A (en) * 1887-01-11 Eichaed jooss
US1374970A (en) * 1921-04-19 weyand
US932870A (en) * 1909-06-01 1909-08-31 Ely Kasralowicz Apparel apparatus.
GB191119641A (en) * 1911-09-04 1912-07-25 Joseph Mathias Herschell An Improved Method of Manufacturing Material for Children's Dresses and similar Garments.
US1419634A (en) * 1919-06-14 1922-06-13 Koewing Paterns Inc Pattern for garments
US1599069A (en) * 1924-02-18 1926-09-07 Rudolph O Trueb Manufacture of garments
US1701152A (en) * 1926-09-15 1929-02-05 Frandor Mfg Co Inc Decorative textile article

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2637039A (en) * 1949-09-09 1953-05-05 Teitelbaum Albert Garment construction
US3033357A (en) * 1958-04-10 1962-05-08 Vogel Lida Brown Apparel kit
US3077196A (en) * 1961-04-12 1963-02-12 Anthony E Paxton Brassiere
US3371363A (en) * 1965-08-11 1968-03-05 Tapatco Inc Life vest and method of making same
US3705427A (en) * 1967-01-31 1972-12-12 Flotti Puppenkleiderspiele Gmb Blank and dress made therefrom
US4025963A (en) * 1974-05-29 1977-05-31 Kiyo Sugita Printed cloth

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