US2456464A - Combination latching, unlatching, and ejecting means for windows and doors - Google Patents

Combination latching, unlatching, and ejecting means for windows and doors Download PDF

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Publication number
US2456464A
US2456464A US582906A US58290645A US2456464A US 2456464 A US2456464 A US 2456464A US 582906 A US582906 A US 582906A US 58290645 A US58290645 A US 58290645A US 2456464 A US2456464 A US 2456464A
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United States
Prior art keywords
sash
members
frame
latching
supplemental
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Expired - Lifetime
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US582906A
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Norman C Steinicke
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WEATHER SEAL Inc
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WEATHER SEAL Inc
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Priority to US582906A priority Critical patent/US2456464A/en
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E05LOCKS; KEYS; WINDOW OR DOOR FITTINGS; SAFES
    • E05DHINGES OR OTHER SUSPENSION DEVICES FOR DOORS, WINDOWS OR WINGS
    • E05D15/00Suspension arrangements for wings
    • E05D15/16Suspension arrangements for wings for wings sliding vertically more or less in their own plane
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E05LOCKS; KEYS; WINDOW OR DOOR FITTINGS; SAFES
    • E05DHINGES OR OTHER SUSPENSION DEVICES FOR DOORS, WINDOWS OR WINGS
    • E05D2700/00Hinges or other suspension devices especially for doors or windows
    • E05D2700/10Various door and window fittings, e.g. suspension devices for double hung windows or screens
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E05LOCKS; KEYS; WINDOW OR DOOR FITTINGS; SAFES
    • E05YINDEXING SCHEME RELATING TO HINGES OR OTHER SUSPENSION DEVICES FOR DOORS, WINDOWS OR WINGS AND DEVICES FOR MOVING WINGS INTO OPEN OR CLOSED POSITION, CHECKS FOR WINGS AND WING FITTINGS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR, CONCERNED WITH THE FUNCTIONING OF THE WING
    • E05Y2900/00Application of doors, windows, wings or fittings thereof
    • E05Y2900/10Application of doors, windows, wings or fittings thereof for buildings or parts thereof
    • E05Y2900/13Application of doors, windows, wings or fittings thereof for buildings or parts thereof characterised by the type of wing
    • E05Y2900/132Doors
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E05LOCKS; KEYS; WINDOW OR DOOR FITTINGS; SAFES
    • E05YINDEXING SCHEME RELATING TO HINGES OR OTHER SUSPENSION DEVICES FOR DOORS, WINDOWS OR WINGS AND DEVICES FOR MOVING WINGS INTO OPEN OR CLOSED POSITION, CHECKS FOR WINGS AND WING FITTINGS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR, CONCERNED WITH THE FUNCTIONING OF THE WING
    • E05Y2900/00Application of doors, windows, wings or fittings thereof
    • E05Y2900/10Application of doors, windows, wings or fittings thereof for buildings or parts thereof
    • E05Y2900/13Application of doors, windows, wings or fittings thereof for buildings or parts thereof characterised by the type of wing
    • E05Y2900/148Windows
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T292/00Closure fasteners
    • Y10T292/08Bolts
    • Y10T292/1039Swinging and camming
    • Y10T292/1041Rigid operating means

Description

c- 1943- N. c. STEINICKE 2,456,464

COMBINATION LATCHING, UNLATCHING, AND EJECTING MEANS FOR WINDOWS AND DOORS Filed March 15, 1945 INVENTOR ATTORNEY NoRMn/v 0. 5 TE/N/CKE a ull FIG-j Patented Dec. 14, 1948 COMBINATION LATCHING', UNLATCHING, AND EJECTING MEANS or. wmoows AND DOORS Norman C. Steinicke, East Cleveland, Ohio, as-

signor to Weather-Seal, Inc., Barberton, Ohio, a corporation of Ohio Application March 15, 1945, Serial N0. 582,906

This invention relates to improvements in means for latching and unlatching supplemental window and door sash, more particularly of the storm and screen type, which means forces the sash inwardly during the latching operation and outwardly to eject same during the unlatching operation.

One of the disadvantages in using storm and screen windows and doors which are removably mounted in a supplemental frame is that the sash becomes stuck. in the frame, and when it is necessary to change from screen to storm sash or vice versa, it is difiicult to remove the sash Without using forcing or prying tools that seriously damage the sash'and break the screen or glass. It is an object of this invention to provide combination latching and ejecting means which is operable as the sash is unlatched to eject the sash by moving it out. of the plane ofthe supplemental frame so that itmay be readily grasped by the operator and removed without using any special tools.

Another object is to provide means of the character referred to operable as the sash is latched to the frame to move the sash inwardly to proper position and thereafter to firmly hold the sash in latched position.

A further object is to provide a latching arm pivoted to the sash on'one or more'of the sides thereof, said arm being eccentrically mounted with respect to an annular button or pin carried on the supplemental frame, which button cooperates with a flange on the arm concentric with the button, whereby when the arm is pivoted, the flange in engagement with the button provides a cam action that forces the sash inwardly during pivotal movement in one direction and outwardly during such movement in the other direction.

Other objects and advantages will become apparent from the following description taken in conjunction with the accompanying drawing.

In the drawing:

Fig. 1 is a front elevation of a conventional window showing storm or screen sash members held in position in a supplemental frame;

Fig. 2 is an enlarged fragmentary view showing one of the latching arms in side elevation;

Fig, 3 is a similar view showing a front elevation of one of the latching arms in lclosed position; I

Fig. 4 is a similar view showing one of the latching buttons or pins in side elevation;

Fig. 5 is a similar view showing a front elevation of one of the buttons or pins;

Fig. 6 is an enlarged fragmentary perspective view showing the movement of one of the. sash membersin response to pivotal movement of a latching arm; and- 2 Claims. (Cl. 292? 24'1) Fig. 7 is a view similar to Fig. 3 with the latching arm in open position.

Referring to the drawings, the numeral Ill designates an ordinary- Window frame having the usual sill I i at the bottom and a flat moulding; l2 about the sides and top. Conventional upper and lower sash members 83 and M are mounted in the frame for sliding movement in the usual manner, and for clear-ness of illustras tion no window panes are shown in the sash members.

Mounted upon the outer side of'window frame i0 is a. supplemental frame l5 that is rectangular in shape and rests upon the sill H, the sides and top of this supplemental frame being shaped so as to fit Within the moulding i2, and to rest against the outer face thereof. Any suitable means may be utilized for mounting thesup: plemental frame in proper position and the arrangement shown in Patent No. 2,079,283, granted May 4, 1937v to H. ArEtling, is particularly suited for this purpose.

Mounted within the supplemental frame it are upper and lower supplemental sash meme bers I6 and H, each of which is adapted to be provided with .a screen or Window pane (not shown). Obviously a. single supplemental sash member. could be used if desired, particularly on small Windows. Sash members it and fl meet about midway of the frame it, as indicated at 1' n m y be joined to ether n any su table manner that will. readily permit assembly and removal of the supplemental sash members with respect .to the supplemental frame. An .68- cellent joint for this purpose is shown and described in the patent previously referred to.

The'arrangement of the sash members 86 and i! in frame i5 is such that when in proper position the front faces ofthese three members are in the sam p ne,;with the top and side edges of sash it, and the bottom and side edges of sash H, in abuttin relation with h a ac n edges of frame l5. Any suitable type of joint m y be used between thev supplementa ame and sash members as'long as placement n and removal of the latter from the frame It can be accomplished from inside the dwelling. Pref ra ly the iointshould permit remova of the supplementalsash members from thesunnlemsntal frame, by substantially lateral mov m nt o translation normal to the plane of the sash, and a satisfactory joint for this purpose is also illustrated and described in the patent previously referred to.

At spaced points on its top, bottom and side edges the frame it is provided with a plurality of annular buttons or pins 1% (Figs. 4 and 5.) that are held in place by screws i9 or the like so as to project intothe path of movement of the mate.

sashes l6 and I! during their placement and removal.

At points opposite the buttons 3, the top and side edges of sash l6, and the bottom and side edges'of sash I! are provided with latching means that cooperate with the buttons l8 to securely hold the sash members in position. These latching members are identical and a description of one will sufiice for all. As more clearly shown in Figs. 2 and 3, each latching member comprises an arm having an angularly arranged finger gripping portion 2| on its free end with its opposite end terminating in a depressed, arcuate, cup-like portion 22 formed with an arcuate flange 23. The latching members are pivoted to the supplemental sash members by means of a screw or pin 24, and the arrangement is such that the flange 23 is eccentric with respect to the pivot 24 but is concentric with the button l8. Thus, when the button I8 is placed in the cup-like portion 22 of the latching arm, the outer periphery of the button is engaged by the flange 23, and pivotal movement of the latching arm during this engagement provides a cam action that moves the supplemental sash inwardly and outwardly depending upon the direction of the pivotal movement.

To insure proper engagement of the latching members with the buttons while maintaining close contact between the sash members and the supplemental frame, the latching members are carried in a groove 25 formed in the top, bottom and side edges of the supplemental sash members. Each groove 25 is of a suitable depth to allow the outer surface of arms 20 to be substantially flush with the outer surface of the sash edge with which it is associated, and has a deepened area 26 which receives the cup-like portion 22. This area 26 is open to the rear of the sash member so that the button l8 may pass into the cup-like portion 22 when the latching arm is in open position as in Fig. 7.

In assembling the supplemental sash members with the frame i5, all of the latching members are open as in Fig. 7 and the buttons l8 fit into the cup-like portions 22 for engagement with the flange 23. The supplemental sash members will then be in approximately the position shown in broken lines in Fig. 6, and the latching arms are ready to be pivoted into closed position. The latching arms 20 on the right side and bottom of frame 15, as viewed in Fig. I, are moved counterclockwise from the position in Fig. 7 to that in Fig. 3, while the arms on the left side and top of frame l5, as viewed in Fig. 1, have a similar movement, except that it will be clockwise, as will be readily understood. This pivotal movement of the latching arms provides a cam action that forces the supplemental sash members into the full line position shown in Fig. 6, where they are flush with frame Hi.

In their closed position, the finger engaging portions 21 of the arms are spaced from the front faces of the supplemental sash members, as clearly shown in Figs. 2 and 6, so that when it is desired to remove the sash members, these portions'can be readily grasped.

The supplemental sash members may be removed by reversing the pivotal movement of the latching arms 20 so that the cam action forces the sash members outwardly to approximately the broken line position in Fig. 6, from which position they can be easily removed from the frame. This arrangement provides a positive means for ejecting the supplemental sash members out of the supplemental frame, and even though the sash members may be stuck, due to the presence of varnish or paint or for any other reason, the cam action of the respective latching members is strong enough to remove the sash members without the use of prying tools or the like.

Likewise, the cam action is sufficient to move the sash members initially into proper engagement with the frame without pounding or otherwise forcing the members, and the latching arrangement maintains this engagement until it is desired to remove the members.

Obviously the benefits and advantages of this invention may be obtained by reversing the arrangement to put the buttons on the supplemental sash members and the latching arms on the supplemental frame, and the invention is also applicable to supplemental door sash as well as window sash. In fact, modifications may be resorted to without departing from the spirit of the invention or from the scope of the subjoined claims which are not limited wholly to the specific construction shown and described.

What is claimed is:

1. In a window and door construction having a frame member and a sash member adapted to fit into the frame member with the side edges of both members facing each other and in abutting relation, the combination of means for movin the sash member into and out of such relation by substantially lateral movement of translation normal to the plane of the sash member comprising an annular pin mounted on one of said side edges of one of said members and projecting toward the abutting side edge of the other of said members, a pivoted arm mounted on said last mentioned side edge, and an arcuate flange on said arm engaging the outer periphery of said pin, the pivot point of said arm being eccentric with respect to said pin and said flange, while said pin and flange are concentric with respect to each other.

2. In a window and door construction having a frame member and a sash member adapted to fit into the frame member with the side edges of both members facing each other and in abutting relation, the combination of means for moving the sash member into and out of such relation by substantially lateral movement of translation normal to the plane of the sash member comprising an annular pin mounted on one of said side edges of said frame member and projecting toward the abutting side edge of said sash member, a pivoted arm mounted on said last mentioned side edge of said sash member, and an arcuate flange on said arm engaging the outer periphery of said pin, the pivot point of said arm being eccentric with respect to said pin and said flange, while said pin and flange are concentric with respect to each other.

NORMAN C. STEINICKE.

REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the file of this patent:

UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Name Date 478,748 Grosh July 12,1892 837,811 Ebbeson Dec. 4, 1906 1,151,781 Goddard et al Aug. 31, 1914 1,706,100 Bliss Mar. 19, 1929 1,782,896 Hoffman Nov. 25, 1930 1,786,247 Johnson Dec. 23, 1930

US582906A 1945-03-15 1945-03-15 Combination latching, unlatching, and ejecting means for windows and doors Expired - Lifetime US2456464A (en)

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2753964A (en) * 1954-01-07 1956-07-10 Copco Steel & Engineering Comp Basement window construction
US20140208655A1 (en) * 2013-01-25 2014-07-31 Amesbury Group, Inc. Sash cam for side load window balance system

Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US478748A (en) * 1892-07-12 Grain-car door
US837811A (en) * 1906-05-02 1906-12-04 Peter Ebbeson Lock.
US1151781A (en) * 1914-06-22 1915-08-31 Seneca Camera Mfg Company Fastener for camera-backs.
US1706100A (en) * 1928-07-05 1929-03-19 Robert H Bliss Window-latching device
US1782896A (en) * 1927-07-15 1930-11-25 Andrew Hoffman Mfg Company Window fastener
US1786247A (en) * 1928-01-20 1930-12-23 Andrew Hoffman Mfg Co Casement-window fastener

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US478748A (en) * 1892-07-12 Grain-car door
US837811A (en) * 1906-05-02 1906-12-04 Peter Ebbeson Lock.
US1151781A (en) * 1914-06-22 1915-08-31 Seneca Camera Mfg Company Fastener for camera-backs.
US1782896A (en) * 1927-07-15 1930-11-25 Andrew Hoffman Mfg Company Window fastener
US1786247A (en) * 1928-01-20 1930-12-23 Andrew Hoffman Mfg Co Casement-window fastener
US1706100A (en) * 1928-07-05 1929-03-19 Robert H Bliss Window-latching device

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2753964A (en) * 1954-01-07 1956-07-10 Copco Steel & Engineering Comp Basement window construction
US20140208655A1 (en) * 2013-01-25 2014-07-31 Amesbury Group, Inc. Sash cam for side load window balance system

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