US2454884A - Cleaning device for conduits - Google Patents

Cleaning device for conduits Download PDF

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Publication number
US2454884A
US2454884A US589221A US58922145A US2454884A US 2454884 A US2454884 A US 2454884A US 589221 A US589221 A US 589221A US 58922145 A US58922145 A US 58922145A US 2454884 A US2454884 A US 2454884A
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cleaning
pipe
movement
conduit
tubular
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US589221A
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William H Peaden
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William H Peaden
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E03WATER SUPPLY; SEWERAGE
    • E03CDOMESTIC PLUMBING INSTALLATIONS FOR FRESH WATER OR WASTE WATER; SINKS
    • E03C1/00Domestic plumbing installations for fresh water or waste water; Sinks
    • E03C1/12Plumbing installations for waste water; Basins or fountains connected thereto; Sinks
    • E03C1/30Devices to facilitate removing of obstructions in waste-pipes or sinks
    • E03C1/302Devices to facilitate removing of obstructions in waste-pipes or sinks using devices moved through the pipes

Description

Nov. 30, 1948. w. H. PEADEN CLEANING DEVICE FOR CONDUITS Filed ApIfil 19, 19454 W//// am P aen Patented Nov. 30, 1948 CLEANING DEVICE FOR CONDUITS William H. Peaden, Muskogee, Okla.
Application April 19, 1945, Serial No. 589,221
This invention relates to a pipe cleaning means and it is primarily an object of the invention to provide means of this kind wherein the cleaning element is confined within and constitutes substantially a permanent fixture with respect to the pipe with which it operates.
It is also an object of the invention to provide a pipe cleaning means embodying an element which extends a desired distance within the pipe .to be cleaned and wherein said element is mounted for both rotary and endwise movement to assure maximum efiiciency oi the element.
A further object of the invention is to provide a pipe cleaning means including an elongated member which extends a desired distance within and along the pipe to be cleaned and which is provided with means whereby the cleaning member can be readily and conveniently operated from without the pipe, whereby an effective and convenient arrangement is provided to enable the occupant of the building to clear the pipe of any interfering obstruction therein without the necessity of calling upon the services of a skilled artisan.
The invention consists in the details of construction and in the combination and arrangement of the several parts of my improved pipe cleaning means whereby certain important advantages are attained, as will be hereinafter more fully set forth.
In order that my invention may be better understood, I will now proceed to describe the same with reference to the accompanying drawings, wherein:
Figure 1 is a view partly in elevation and partly in section of a diagrammatically illustrated portion of a building showing the application of the.
present invention.
Figure 2 is a longitudinal section through a portion of the drain pipes, showing the present invention applied thereto and partially in section.
Figure 3 is a perspective view illustrating the coacting pin and cams.
As illustrated in the accompanying drawings, F indicates a floor of the building including the usual joists or beams I from which is supported in any conventional or preferred manner a carryofi pipe or conduit 2 of required size and which 6 Claims. (01. 15-242) has its outer end formed to provide a convention-a1 hell or flare 3. The opposite end portion of this pipe 2, as herein embodied, is continued by a downwardly inclined extension pipe 4' disposed on a predetermined angle and this extension pipe l, as illustrated in the drawings, is continued by a downwardly directed vertical extension pipe 5 leading to and in communication with a sewer pipe 5 or leading to any other desired point of discharge.
Tightly packed in a manner as may be preferred within the hell or flare 3 of the pipe 2 is a plate I of steel or any other material possessing the requisite strength and threading through the central portion of this plate 1 is a nipple 8. It is believed to be readily apparent that this nipple 8 may be attached to the plate 1 in any other manner as it is only required that such securement of the nipple 8 to the plate I be rigid.
Threading upon the outer portion of the nipple 8 is a coupling collar 9 which also operatively engages the inner end portion of an elongated tubular member II] which, as illustrated in the accompanying drawings, is of a length to extend through and slightly beyond a side wall W of the building structure.
Held between the opposed ends of the nipple 8 and the member I0 is a rigid disk H having therethrough at its axial center an opening [2 through which freely but relatively snugly passes the outer straight end portion I4 of the cleaning element E. This portion I 4 is also of a length to pass out through a central opening IS in a cap I6 for the outer end of the member I0. This cap l6, as herein embodied, may be removed when desired in order to allow access within the member In when desired.
The portion i4 also normally extends a distance outwardly beyond the applied cap I6 and at a desired point inwardly of the cap it, this portion l4 has rigid therewith a surrounding flange or head l7. Interposed between this head I! and the cap I6 is an expansible member ll! of required tension and which is herein shown as a coil spring surrounding this extended part of the element E. This member or spring l8 serves to constantly maintain the element E at the limit of its endwise movement inwardly of the pipe 2 and to automatically return the same to such position after the element E has been moved outwardly endwise.
The extent of inward movement of the element E is limited by an outstanding pin is rigid with the extended part of the portion 14 and which ooacts with cams a on the outer face of the cap l6. These cams a. and the pin l9 coact upon rotation of the element E to cause the element E to have outward endwise movement while, of course, the element or spring is operates to afiect the inward endwise movement, so that during a working operation the element E, in addition to its rotary action, is having reciprocatory movement, whereby the efficiency of the element is materially increased.
The inserted end of the nipple 8, as herein disclosed, has threaded therein a plug having a central opening 2| through which the portion in of the element E freely but snugly passes and this applied plug 20 serves as aretainer for the packing 22 of desired character which is placed within the nipple 8 between the plug 20 and the disk H. The packing may, if desired, be otherwise placed or may be of any character which fully meets the requirements of practice as the features of the packing in itself forms no particular part of the present invention.
As illustrated in the accompanying drawings, the element E is of such a length as to extend entirely through the pipe 2, the extension 5 and a materialdistance inwardly of the extension pipe 5 and in order that this may be accomplished, the inner inserted end portion of the element E is articulated, the required joints 23 being conventional for this purpose.
The pipe 2, as herein disclosed, at its outer portion is provided with a lateral branch 24 into which discharges the drain pipe 25 leading from a sink S or other plumbing accessory and the portion of the element 3 from the branch 24 to the inserted free end thereof is alternately laterally offset in opposite directions to provide scrap ing elements '26 each of which has the outer straight portions c which closely approach the wall of the pipes 2, 4 and 5 so that, as the element E is rotated, the breaking up of any interfering obstructions will be efiected. This is further assured by the endwise movement of the element E which occurs during its rotation.
The extended extremity of the portion !4 of the element E is adapted to have engaged therewith a hand crank 21 or other desired operating member whereby the element E may be readily operated as desired and which operation is such as to be readily accomplished by an unskilled person, thus avoiding the necessity of calling upon skilled help should there be a sluggish discharge through the drain pipe 25.
It is to be particularly pointed out that the inserted end of the element E is free of any connection. This is of advantage because, during the rotation of the element E, it will of itself so spiral as to provide a means for conveying the released'foreig'n matter within the pipe toward the sewer pipe 6.
From the foregoing description it is thought to be obvious that a pipe cleaning means con structed in accordance with my invention is particularly well adapted for use by reason of the convenience and facility with which it may be assembled and operated.
I claim:
1. A cleaning means for a conduit comprising an elongated element insertible within said conduit in a direction lengthwise thereof, laterally disposed scrapers carried by said element at points therealong, means coacting with an end portion of the element and the conduit for supporting the element for both rotary movement and reciprocatory movement, and combined cam and spring operated means for reciprocating the element upon continuous rotation of the element in one direction.
2. In combination with a conduit having a closed end, a scraping element within the conduit provided with laterally directed scrapers, the outer end portion of the element being substantially straight and freely insertible through the closed end :0f the conduit and extending therebeyond, said extended end .portionallowing the element to have both rotary movement and reciprocating movement, means connected with said end portionfor effecting turning of the element,
' therebeyond, said extended end portion allowing team opposition to the action of, :said resilientv the element to have free simultaneous rotary movement and reciprocating movement, tensioned means for normally urging the element toward its limit of movement in one direction, cam means for efiecting movement of the element, upon rotation, in a direction opposed to the tensioning means, and means for rotating the element.
4. In combination with a conduit having a closed end, a scraping element within 'the conduit provided with, laterally directed scrapers, the .outer end portion of the element being substantially straight and freely insertible through the closed end of the conduit and extending therebeyond, said extended endportion allowing the element to have both rotary movement and reciprocating movement, tensioned means for normally rging the element toward its limit "of movement in onedirection, means for repeatedly rotating the element, and means formoving the element endwise in the opposite direction againstthe action of said tensioned'means upon-rotation of the element.
.5. A cleaning device for a conduit, comprising a tubular body, ,means for securing an end ofthe tubular body in an end of the conduit to extend coaxial therewith, a packing closing the secured end of the tubular body, a cover closing the opposite end of the tubular body; saidpacking and cover having aligned openings, a scraping element designed to be rotatably positioned within the conduit and having a straight terminal portion in the form of a shaft extending through the openings of said packing and cover, said terminal portion being axially movable through the tubular body, means at the outer end of said terminal portion for imparting rotary motion to the same and to the cleaning element, spring means within the tubular body and engaging the terminal portion and normally urging movement of the sameand the cleaning :element in one direction, and coacting means :between said terminal portion and an vadjacent'part of the tubular body for imparting repeated reciprocatory movements to, the cleaning element means, upon rotation of the cleaning element and tubular portion in one direction.
6. A cleaning device of the character stated in claim 5, wherein the said means for imparting reciprocatory movement to the element comprises a cam lug formed upon the cover at the outer end of the tubular body, and a cam finger carried by the terminal portion of the cleaning element and adapted to ride over said lug upon 10 the stated rotation of the cleaning element.
WILLIAM H. PEADEN.
6 REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the file of this patent:
UNITED STATES PATENTS
US589221A 1945-04-19 1945-04-19 Cleaning device for conduits Expired - Lifetime US2454884A (en)

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Cited By (12)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2610696A (en) * 1949-07-29 1952-09-16 De Ella B Mayberry Drain trap scraping and cleaning means
US2770364A (en) * 1954-10-14 1956-11-13 Ethyl Corp Alkali metal purification device
US3342270A (en) * 1965-08-25 1967-09-19 Halliburton Co Abrading apparatus for use in well bores
US3377781A (en) * 1965-03-24 1968-04-16 Air Preheater Cleaning arrangement for bag filters
US3520015A (en) * 1967-12-15 1970-07-14 Creusot Forges Ateliers Device for cleaning tubes through which a current of dust-containing gas flows
US3722008A (en) * 1971-03-15 1973-03-27 J Boldan Drain cleaners
US3922746A (en) * 1974-05-08 1975-12-02 Fred E Strunk Bleeder valve cleaner
WO1982002221A1 (en) * 1980-12-24 1982-07-08 Everett Charles Breon Automatic sewer cleaning system
US4376321A (en) * 1981-05-20 1983-03-15 Jack Dudley Automatic drain clean out device
US5180210A (en) * 1991-04-15 1993-01-19 Lister David M Chiseling apparatus
US5232673A (en) * 1991-08-27 1993-08-03 The United States Of America As Represented By The United States Department Of Energy Shielded fluid stream injector for particle bed reactor
ITVR20130151A1 (en) * 2013-06-27 2014-12-28 Gruppo Piazzetta Spa Device for cleaning smoke pipes

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US112500A (en) * 1871-03-07 Improvement in stqve-pipe cleaners
US1306925A (en) * 1919-06-17 Jackp pokopac
GB220740A (en) * 1923-06-02 1924-08-28 George Jacques Improved means for removing incrustation in the feed pipes of boilers
US1516949A (en) * 1924-04-09 1924-11-25 Axel H Bergerson Chimney cleaner
US1735488A (en) * 1928-02-20 1929-11-12 Vascoe C Baird Stovepipe-cleaning device

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US112500A (en) * 1871-03-07 Improvement in stqve-pipe cleaners
US1306925A (en) * 1919-06-17 Jackp pokopac
GB220740A (en) * 1923-06-02 1924-08-28 George Jacques Improved means for removing incrustation in the feed pipes of boilers
US1516949A (en) * 1924-04-09 1924-11-25 Axel H Bergerson Chimney cleaner
US1735488A (en) * 1928-02-20 1929-11-12 Vascoe C Baird Stovepipe-cleaning device

Cited By (13)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2610696A (en) * 1949-07-29 1952-09-16 De Ella B Mayberry Drain trap scraping and cleaning means
US2770364A (en) * 1954-10-14 1956-11-13 Ethyl Corp Alkali metal purification device
US3377781A (en) * 1965-03-24 1968-04-16 Air Preheater Cleaning arrangement for bag filters
US3342270A (en) * 1965-08-25 1967-09-19 Halliburton Co Abrading apparatus for use in well bores
US3520015A (en) * 1967-12-15 1970-07-14 Creusot Forges Ateliers Device for cleaning tubes through which a current of dust-containing gas flows
US3722008A (en) * 1971-03-15 1973-03-27 J Boldan Drain cleaners
US3922746A (en) * 1974-05-08 1975-12-02 Fred E Strunk Bleeder valve cleaner
US4388741A (en) * 1979-08-31 1983-06-21 Kamal Banani Haghighi Automatic sewer cleaning system
WO1982002221A1 (en) * 1980-12-24 1982-07-08 Everett Charles Breon Automatic sewer cleaning system
US4376321A (en) * 1981-05-20 1983-03-15 Jack Dudley Automatic drain clean out device
US5180210A (en) * 1991-04-15 1993-01-19 Lister David M Chiseling apparatus
US5232673A (en) * 1991-08-27 1993-08-03 The United States Of America As Represented By The United States Department Of Energy Shielded fluid stream injector for particle bed reactor
ITVR20130151A1 (en) * 2013-06-27 2014-12-28 Gruppo Piazzetta Spa Device for cleaning smoke pipes

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