US2454657A - Vaporizer - Google Patents

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US2454657A
US2454657A US777418A US77741847A US2454657A US 2454657 A US2454657 A US 2454657A US 777418 A US777418 A US 777418A US 77741847 A US77741847 A US 77741847A US 2454657 A US2454657 A US 2454657A
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container
chamber
cylinder
fluid
vapor
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US777418A
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Walter R Kuzmin
Samuel J Levine
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Walter R Kuzmin
Samuel J Levine
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61MDEVICES FOR INTRODUCING MEDIA INTO, OR ONTO, THE BODY; DEVICES FOR TRANSDUCING BODY MEDIA OR FOR TAKING MEDIA FROM THE BODY; DEVICES FOR PRODUCING OR ENDING SLEEP OR STUPOR
    • A61M11/00Sprayers or atomisers specially adapted for therapeutic purposes
    • A61M11/04Sprayers or atomisers specially adapted for therapeutic purposes operated by the vapour pressure of the liquid to be sprayed or atomised
    • A61M11/041Sprayers or atomisers specially adapted for therapeutic purposes operated by the vapour pressure of the liquid to be sprayed or atomised using heaters

Description

Nov. 23, 1948. w, KUZMIN ETVAL 2,454,657

VAPORI ZER Filed Oct. 2, 1947 INVENTORS KUZMIN 575 555? LEVINE ATTORNEY Patented Nov. 23, 1948 VAPORIZER Walter R. Kuzmin, Nutley, and Samuel J. Levine, Newark, N. J.

Application October 2, 1947, Serial No. 777,418

9 Claims. 1

This invention relates to Vaporizers of the type and kind employing an electric heating element for heating water or other fluid to generate vapor for discharge of a medicated or other vapor from the device. More particularly, the invention deals with a device of the character described, which is so designed as to provide substantially instantaneous generation of vapor for quick and continued supply of the medicated or other vapors, thereby producing an efficient and economical type of device of the kind under consideration.

The novel features of the invention will be best understood from the following description, when taken together with the accompanying drawing, in which certain embodiments of the invention are disclosed and, in which, the separate parts are designated by suitable reference characters in each of the views and, in which the drawin is a sectional view through a device made according to our invention with part of the construction broken away.

In illustrating one adaptation and use of our invention, we have shown the same applied to a jug or vessel having an insulated wall such as the commonly known Thermos jugs for the purpose of holding a fluid temperature and, thus, minimizing the electric consumption in a prolonged operation of the device. In many instances, vaporizers of the kind under consideration are used for'medicinal purposes for a continued or lengthy discharge of a medicated vapor to ease congested conditions, such as asthma, head colds, hay fever, sinus trouble and the like. On the other hand, the apparatus may be also utilized for the discharge of various insecticides for the treatment of clothing in a closet or, on the other hand, to generally treat or condition a room or compartment for any purpose whatever.

In the drawing, IO represents the jug or container of a large Thermos device, the walls of which are constructed from inner and outer wall portions H and I2 with suitable insulatin material l3 therebetween. The upper end of the jug or container has a large upwardly extending neck I 4 integral with the wall structure thereof and treated, as seen at l5, to receive a detachable cap l6, which forms the mounting part of my improved vaporizing attachment. Inother words, a vessel can be constructed solely for the intended Purpose or a conventional standard Thermos jug can be converted by substitution of the adaptor cap NS for the present closure-cap in using the same as a vaporizing device. Secured centrally to the upper surface of the cap is a 2 plate l1, having a housing portion l8, in which is a socket l 9. In the socket I9 is disposed two electric terminals, one of which is shown at 20, for placing the electric heating element 2| in circuit with an electric source of supply. Adjacent the casing I8 is a small steam or vapor chamber 22 having a tube 23 secured in the lower wall thereof and extending through the plate I! and through the cap 15, as well as an insulating plug 24 disposed upon the inner surface of the cap IS. The plug 24 has two bores 25 and 26; the pipe or tube 23 extends into one bore and the electric wires, one of which is shown at 21, extends from the terminal pins 20 through the bore 26 and contacting with the heating element 2 I.

Arranged in the bore 25 isa governor or control thimble or sleeve 28, having a steam inlet, as at 29, and a condensation discharge, as at 30, the latter'being disposed at the lower end of said thimble, If desired, two of the inlets 28 may be employed, but only one will appear in the sectional view shown.

Arranged upon the plug 24 is a long tube or cylinder 3|, which forms a steam generating cylinder and extends well into the jug or container ID to such a degree as to be exposed to a relatively large part of water or other fluid disposed in said jug or container.

At the lower end of the cylinder 3| is a plug 32 of insulating material forming a support for the lower end of the heating element 2|, as seen at 33, the plug also having a port 34 for admission of fluid into the cylinder 3| to a level common to the level of fluid as contained in the jug or container 10, which level of fluid is indicated Detachable with respect to the top of the chamber 22 is a cap 36 having attached to the" inner surface thereof a chain 31, from which is suse pended a perforated medication or other container 38. Secured to and extending outwardly from the chamber 22 is a discharge spout or nozzle 39.

In the use of the device, the jug or container I0 is partially filled with water or other fluid, after which the vaporizer attachment, as a complete unit, is attached to the jug in the manner shown. The container 38 is filled with the suitable crystal or other medications, or other type of materiahto be used in conjunction with the device and, after which, the socket of an extension cord, from a source of supply, is connected with the plug pins 20 to heat the element 2!. The element may be of any type or kind, but a carbon heating element is preferred. In a matter of from ten to fifteen ing objectionable odors and similar purposes.

seconds the water or fluid within the cylinder 3i becomes heated sufficiently to generate steam or vapor, which rises in the cylinder and is passed through the port or ports 29 and, thus, up into the chamber 22 around the container where it picks up the medication and the vapor is then discharged through the nozzle 39. Any conden sation that may collect will drain back into the cylinder 3| through the port 38. With a relatively large body of fluid, we have found that a device of this type and kind can operate for many hours at a nominal electric consumption and without any danger of overheating and with the continued ejection of vapor from the nozzle for any purpose for which the device i used. The

discharge of medicine has proved to be very desirable from the standpoint oflgiving'con'ifort to those suffering from the ailments of the general type and kind mentioned heretofore. 0n the other hand, various insecticides and other types of chemicals can be utilized for vapor discharge from the device for the treatment of moths other house pests or insects; Whereas the device may be used for purification and/or otherwise treating a room or compartment for counteract- In referring to fluid, it will be understood that the fluid itself may comprise a pie-prepared solution having properties which are suitable for the in tended purpose. of the container 38* or a chemical of some type or kind therein may be optional.

In Vaporizers of the kind under consideration, one of the objectionable features has been the long time required for generation of vapors. This has been quite a nuisance or annoyance to the user. One of the distinctive features of our invention resides in the fact that a substantially instantaneous generation of vapor is provided and this is largely due to the relatively restricted cylinder and the use of a heating element which can be active immediately upon the small body of fluid within the cylinder, without, in any way, materially changing the temperature of the remainder of the fluid in the container or vessel.

We have found from experiene that, while the fluid in the cylinder 3| is sufficiently hot to generate the steam vapors, the fluid in the container or jug would be hardly warm to the touch, at least after a short use of the device. In time, the fluid in. the jug will be heated'to a greater extent but this heating really adds to the effi ciency of operation of the device.

Having fully described our invention, what we claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent is:

1. A vaporizer comprising a fluid container, a vaporizing unit detachable with respect to the container, said unit comprising a cap for mount ing on and forming a closure for the container, a steam generating cylinder on the inner surface of the cap and adapted to extend into the container, an electric heating element mounted in the cylinder in spaced relation to the walls thereof, means on the cap for placing the electric heating element in circuit with a source of electric supply, a vapor chamber on said cap, means placing said chamber in communication with the upper end of said cylinder, said chamber having a discharge spout, and means detachable with respect to said chamber for supporting material in and in spaced relation to the walls of the chamber for exposure to the vapor therein.

2. A vaporizer comprising a fluid container, a vaporizing unit detachable with respect to the In the latter instance, the use container, said unit comprising a cap for mounting on and forming a closure for the container, a steam generating cylinder on the inner surface of the cap and adapted to extend into the con tainer, an electric heating element mounted in the cylinder in spaced relation to the walls thereof, means on the cap for placing the electric heating element in circuit with a source of electric supply, a vapor chamber on said cap, means placing said chamber in communication with the upper end of said cylinder, said chamber having a discharge spout, means detachable with respect to said chamber for supporting material in and in spaced relation to the walls of the chamber for exposure to the Vapor therein, said last named means comprising a cover, and a perforated container flexibly supported in connection with said cover.

3. A vaporizer comprising a fluid container, 21 vaporizing unit detachable with respect to the container, said unit comprising a cap for mounting on and forming a closure for the container, a steam generating cylinder on the inner surface of the cap and adapted to extend into the container, an electric heating element mounted in the cylinder in spaced relation to the walls thereof, means on the cap for placing the electric heating element in circuit with a source of electric supply, a vapor chamber on said cap, means p1acing said chamber in communication with the upper end of said cylinder, said chamber having a discharge spout, means detachable with respect to said chamber for supporting material in and'in spaced relation to the walls of the chamber for exposure to the vapor therein, said last named means comprising a cover, a perforated container flexibly supported in connection with said cover, said container having insulated walls, and means insulating the mounting of the electric heating element at opposed ends of said cylinder.

4. A vaporizing device of the character described comprising a fluid container, an elongated narrow cylinder, means detachably mounting the cylinder to extend into said container, said last named means including a casing forming a vapor chamber, a perforated thimble shaped member controlling transmission of vapor from the upper end of the cylinder to said chamber, means including insulating plugs at opposed ends of the cylinder for mounting an electric heating element in the cylinder in spaced relation to the walls thereof, the lower plug having an aperture for admitting fluid of the container into said cylinder, means adjacent said casing for supporting electric terminals in circuit with said heating element to establish electric communication with a source of electric supply, said casing have a detachable cover, a perforated container supported on said cover within the vapor chamber and in spaced relation to the Walls of said casing, and a discharge on the casing adjacent the upper end thereof through which vapors from said chamber are adapted to pass.

5. A vaporizing device of the character described-comprising a fluid container, an elongated narrow cylinder, means detachably mounting the cylinder to extend into said container, said last named means including a casing forming a vapor chamber, a perforated thimble shaped member controlling transmission of vapor from the upper end of the cylinder to said chamber, means including insulating plugs at opposed ends of the cylinder for mounting an electric heating element in the cylinder in spaced relation to the walls thereof, the lower plug having an aperture for admitting fluid of the container into said cylinder, means adjacent said casing for sup porting electric terminals in circuit with said heating element to establish electric communication with a source of electric supply, said casing having a detachable cover, a perforated container supported on said cover within the vapor chamber and in spaced relation to the walls of said casing, a discharge on the casing adjacent the upper end thereof through which vapors from said chamber are adapted to pass, and said first named means comprising a cap in threaded engagement with said container.

6. A vaporizing device of the character described comprising a fluid container, an elongated narrow cylinder, means detachably mounting the cylinder to extend into said container, said last named means including a casing forming a vapor chamber, a perforated thimble shaped member controlling transmission of vapor from the upper end of the cylinder to said chamber, means including insulating plugs at opposed ends of the cylinder for mounting an electric heating element in the cylinder in spaced relation to the walls thereof, the lower plug having an aperture for admitting fluid of the container into said cylinder, means adjacent said casing for supporting electric terminals in circuit with said heating element to establish electric communication with a source of electric supply, said casing having a detachable cover, a discharge on the casing adjacent the upper end thereof through which vapors from said chamber are adapted to pass said first named means comprising a cap in threaded engagement with said container, the container having insulated walls, and the cover of said casing having a flexibly supported perforated container adapted to be suspended within the chamber of said casing.

7. A vaporizer of the class described comprising a large fluid container, a cap detachable with said container, means comprising an elongated tube mounted centrally of the cap and extending into said container forming an elongated restricted fluid chamber in said container, means on the cap and extending into said tube for electrically heating fluid in said chamber to generate vapors in the upper portion thereof, means 6 on the cap forming a vapor chamber above said restricted chamber, and means comprising a perforated thimble placing the upper portion of the restricted chamber in communication with said vapor chamber.

8. A vaporizer of the class described comprising a large fluid container, means forming an elongated restricted fluid chamber in said container, means for electrically heating fluid in said chamber to generate vapors in the upper portion thereof, a vapor chamber above said restricted chamber, means comprising a perforated thimble placing the upper portion of the restricted chamber in communication with said vapor chamber, said vapor chamber having a discharge, and means comprising an openworlr member for supporting a predetermined treating element in said vapor chamber in characterizing vapors discharged therefrom.

9. A vaporizer of the class described comprising a large fluid container, means forming an elongated restricted fluid chamber in said container, means for electrically heating fluid in said chamber to generate vapors in the upper portion thereof, a vapor chamber above said restricted chamber, means comprising a perforated thimble placing the upper portion of the restricted chamber in communication with said vapor chamber, said vapor chamber having a discharge, means comprising an 'openwork member for supporting a predetermined treating element in said vapor chamber in characterizing vapors discharged therefrom, and means detachably suspending the openwork member in said vapor chamber.

WALTER R. KUZMIN. SAMUEL J. LEVINE.

REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the file of this patent:

UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Name Date 1,941,678 Gamard Jan. 2, 1934 1,949,778 Brown et al Mar. 6, 1934 1,981,765 Weiss Nov. 20, 1934 2,235,879 Hanks et al Mar. 25, 1941

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Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2696548A (en) * 1949-08-13 1954-12-07 Bruckbauer & Gotz Fa Electric bulb apparatus for distributing substances suitable for ameliorating and/or disinfecting the air and/or insectides
US2847547A (en) * 1957-05-28 1958-08-12 Gen Electric Vaporizer with steam generator
US2847548A (en) * 1957-05-28 1958-08-12 Gen Electric Vaporizer
US3081393A (en) * 1958-07-15 1963-03-12 Robert J Wohl Electric vaporizers
US3219795A (en) * 1962-03-13 1965-11-23 Vernco Corp Electrically heated humidifier
US4132883A (en) * 1976-06-14 1979-01-02 Champion Spark Plug Company Electric steam vaporizer
US6256454B1 (en) 1999-12-11 2001-07-03 Datex- Ohmeda, Inc. Humidifier for infant warming apparatus
US6669626B1 (en) 1999-12-23 2003-12-30 Hill-Rom Services, Inc. Humidifier for a patient support apparatus
US20070257386A1 (en) * 2006-05-03 2007-11-08 Cherif Menassa Steam humidifier

Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1941678A (en) * 1929-05-30 1934-01-02 Gamard Henri Electric gasifier
US1949778A (en) * 1932-12-07 1934-03-06 Vilbiss Co Vaporizer
US1981765A (en) * 1931-08-06 1934-11-20 Samuel L Weiss Vaporizer
US2235879A (en) * 1937-12-04 1941-03-25 Hankscraft Co Vaporizer

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1941678A (en) * 1929-05-30 1934-01-02 Gamard Henri Electric gasifier
US1981765A (en) * 1931-08-06 1934-11-20 Samuel L Weiss Vaporizer
US1949778A (en) * 1932-12-07 1934-03-06 Vilbiss Co Vaporizer
US2235879A (en) * 1937-12-04 1941-03-25 Hankscraft Co Vaporizer

Cited By (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2696548A (en) * 1949-08-13 1954-12-07 Bruckbauer & Gotz Fa Electric bulb apparatus for distributing substances suitable for ameliorating and/or disinfecting the air and/or insectides
US2847547A (en) * 1957-05-28 1958-08-12 Gen Electric Vaporizer with steam generator
US2847548A (en) * 1957-05-28 1958-08-12 Gen Electric Vaporizer
US3081393A (en) * 1958-07-15 1963-03-12 Robert J Wohl Electric vaporizers
US3219795A (en) * 1962-03-13 1965-11-23 Vernco Corp Electrically heated humidifier
US4132883A (en) * 1976-06-14 1979-01-02 Champion Spark Plug Company Electric steam vaporizer
US6256454B1 (en) 1999-12-11 2001-07-03 Datex- Ohmeda, Inc. Humidifier for infant warming apparatus
US6669626B1 (en) 1999-12-23 2003-12-30 Hill-Rom Services, Inc. Humidifier for a patient support apparatus
US20070257386A1 (en) * 2006-05-03 2007-11-08 Cherif Menassa Steam humidifier
US7942390B2 (en) * 2006-05-03 2011-05-17 Thermolec Ltee Steam humidifier

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