US2438231A - Closure for fountain pens and the like - Google Patents

Closure for fountain pens and the like Download PDF

Info

Publication number
US2438231A
US2438231A US641896A US64189646A US2438231A US 2438231 A US2438231 A US 2438231A US 641896 A US641896 A US 641896A US 64189646 A US64189646 A US 64189646A US 2438231 A US2438231 A US 2438231A
Authority
US
United States
Prior art keywords
cap
closure
barrel
magnet
secured
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
US641896A
Inventor
Edward S Schultz
Charles D Morton
Original Assignee
Schultz
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Schultz filed Critical Schultz
Priority to US641896A priority Critical patent/US2438231A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of US2438231A publication Critical patent/US2438231A/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical Current

Links

Images

Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B43WRITING OR DRAWING IMPLEMENTS; BUREAU ACCESSORIES
    • B43KIMPLEMENTS FOR WRITING OR DRAWING
    • B43K23/00Holders or connectors for writing implements; Means for protecting the writing-points
    • B43K23/08Protecting means, e.g. caps
    • B43K23/12Protecting means, e.g. caps for pens
    • B43K23/126Protecting means, e.g. caps for pens with clips
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16BDEVICES FOR FASTENING OR SECURING CONSTRUCTIONAL ELEMENTS OR MACHINE PARTS TOGETHER, e.g. NAILS, BOLTS, CIRCLIPS, CLAMPS, CLIPS, WEDGES, JOINTS OR JOINTING
    • F16B2200/00Constructional details of connections not covered for in other groups of this subclass
    • F16B2200/10Details of socket shapes
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10STECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10S211/00Supports: racks
    • Y10S211/01Magnetic article holder
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T292/00Closure fasteners
    • Y10T292/11Magnetic

Description

March'23, 1948. E. s. scHuLrz n AL GLOSUPIE- FOR FOUNTAIN PENS AND THE LIKE Filed Jan. 18, 1946 CLOSURE FOR PENS AND THE Edward s. schuuz, Buffalo, N. Y., ana charles n.

Morton, Oak to said Schultz.

Park, Ill.;

said Morton assigne.

Application January 18, 1946, Serial No. .641,896

This invention relates to closures and, in particular, to the provision of new and improved closures for detachably securing caps on fountain pens and the like.

It is an object of this invention to provide such a new and improved closure which is at least partially self-acting in operation, and which is of cheap and simple construction.

' It is a further object of this invention to provide such a closure which operates on the magnetic principle whereby the fountain pen or other enclosure or container will be readily, conveniently, and automatically closed upon proper placement of the cap whereby a pair of cooperating opposed mutually attractive members are brought closely into juxtaposition, Whereafter the members will be maintained in contact by their mutual magnetic attraction automatically, and in which closure the aforesaid parts are attached each to one oi the parts to be connected by the closure, such as the barrel and cap of a fountain pen, or the like.

It is a further object of thi-s invention to provide such a closure wherein the closure member secured to the fountain pen cap is disposed entirely therewithin and is thus invisible, and wherein this member provides a reinforcement therefor, preventing splitting of the lower, or open end of the aforesaid cap without marring or interrupting the continuity of the exterior surface of the cap.

These and other objects and advantages of the invention will appear from the following description, taken with the drawing and the following claims.

In the drawing:

Fig. 1 is a view in elevation of a fountain pen provided with a closure according to this invention, with the cap attached and secured in closed position by the closure;

Fig. 2 is a fragmentary, enlarged view of the structure shown in Fig. 1, with the cap in section;

Fig. 3 is a view similar to Fig. 2, but showing the cap detached from the barrel of the fountain peni Fig. 4 is a fragmentary, enlarged view of the fountain pen cap, illustrating an alternative form of closure member secured thereto;

Fig. 5 is a view similar to Fig. 2, but illustrating an alternative form of closure member on the fountain pen barrel:

Fig. 6 is a view similar to Fig. 3, but illustrating a modified form of magnetic closure accordlng to this invention;

9 Claims. (Cl. 1Z0-42.01)

Fig. 7 is a section taken substantially on the plane indicated by the line 1-1 in Fig. 6; and

Fig. 8 is a section taken substantially on the plane indicated by the line 8'-8 in Fig. 6.

This application relates to the application of the magnetic principle to new and improved closures for automatically, detachably securing together telescopic parts which have, heretofore, been screw-threadedly or frictionally attached, as, for instance, the cap and barrel of a fountain pen as herein described and as illustrated in the drawing of this application.

In Fig. 1, for the purpose of illustration, we have shown a conventional fountain pen provided with one form of closure according to this invention, the details of the closure being shown in Figs. 2, 3, 4 and 5. The pen comprises a barrel,

generally designated lll, containing an ink sack or reservoir il (Fig. 2), controlled by the filling lever or device l2 and feeding ink to the point or nib lll in conventional manner, with a cap, generally designated l5, provided with a pocket clip I6.

While it is conventional practice to provide screw-threaded attachment of the cap I5 to the barrel l0, or a complex and expensive bushing arrangement for their connection, it is to be noted that such means are totally obviated according to this invention. Instead of such known means, magnetic means is provided for detachable connection of the cap l5 and barrel l 0.

This magnetic closure means comprises an annular, generally frusto-conica1 permanent magnet member I9 secured to, or preferably embedded in, the frusto-conical portion l1 of the barrel lll between the barrel proper and the reduced nibholding outer, or throat, portion I8 and a cooperating sleeve-like annular magnet member 2l secured to, or preferably embedded in, the cap l5 adjacent its outer end.

As shown in Fig. 3, the magnet member I9 is provided with an intermediate groove 20 dividing it into an annular positive pole portion P and an annular negative pole portion N. The magnet member 2l is provided with a similar groove. 22 dividing it into an annular positive pole portion P, and an annular negative pole portion N.

The inner surface of the pole portion N of the member 2l is complementary with the outer surface of the positive pole portion P on the member I9 and both are preferably frusto-conical. Likewise, the inner surface of the positive pole portion P of the member 2| is complementary with the outer surface of the negative pole portion N of the member I9, and both surfaces are preferably frusta-conical, as shown. When the complementary surfaces of the members I9 and 2| are engaged. as shown in Fig. 2, the magnetic circuit, or field, therebetween is completed since the negative pole portion N of each is in contact with the positive pole portion P of the other. The attractive force between the magnet members I9 and 2| thus maintains the cap I5 securely, though readily detachably, connected with the barrel I of the pen.

While it is generally preferred to secure the ultimate attractive force for security of connection between the cap I and barrel Id, the'cost of the closure may be reduced by substituting for the magnet member 2| an unmagnetized ferrous sleeve 23 (Fig. 4) or by substituting for the magnet member I9 an unmagnetized ferrous sleeve 24 (Fig. 5). These members 23 and 2B may be termed keeper members. Their exposed surfaces bridge the negative and positive poles N and P of the magnet member with which they cooperate i to complete the magnetic circuit or field when they are in contact with that magnet member.

In capping the fountain pen, with the parts in the position of Fig. 3, it is merely necessary to move the parts axially together to the position of Fig. 2. In reaching the engaged position of Fig. 2, the negative pole N of the member I9 must pass the negative pole N of the member 2|; the same must occur in uncapping the pen or bringing the parts from the position of Fig. 2 to the position of Fig. 3. Since the like poles (negative) of both members exert a strong mutually repulsive force, an appreciable translational force must be exerted to move the like poles past one another. This repulsive force may be felt by the user of the pen who soon learns to accept the necessity for overcoming it as a signal indicating that the pen is closed or capped.'

This repulsive force of the negative poles also prevents uncoupling of the cap and barrel by shock which would otherwise be sufficient to separate the members I 9 and 2| sulciently to break the magnetic circuit, since it will return the negative pole N of the member I9 to the positive pole P of the member 2| before it passes "le (like) negative pole N of the member 2|.

In addition to their function as coupling or closure means the annular members 2| and 23 function as interior reinforcements for the outer or open end portion of the cap I5 obviating the necessity for exterior reinforcing bands.

The barrel In is preferably provided with similar closure members, such as I9 (Fig. 1), adiacent both ends in order that the cap I5 may be magnetically retained on the barrel I0 when the fountain pen is in use. Where a keeper member 24 is provided on the nib-end of the barrel I0 (Fig. 5) a similar keeper member (not shown) will, of course, be provided adjacent the other end of the barrel in the approximate position of the member I9 in Fig. 1.

An alternative form of magnetic closure is shown in Figs. 6, '7 and 8. This closure or connecting means comprises a plurality of generally horse-shoe shaped magnets (four are shown) 25 embedded in the portion Il of the barrel I0 with their pole portions disposed radially outwardly and a similar number of like (similar) magnets 25 secured to the cap, similarly spaced, and with their pole portions disposed radially inwardly.

While the magnet members I9 and 2| or either of these magnet members and its keepermember 23 or 24 (Figs. 1-5) exert only an axial at# tractive force as described above, each of the magnets 25 exerts both an axial and a rotational force upon the nearest magnet 26.

In coupling the cap I5 and barrel I0 with the parts in the position of Fig. 6, the cap and barrel are moved axially toward one another whereupon the negative poles N of the magnets 25 will seek thepositive poles P of the magnets 26 while repelling the negative poles thereof. The engaged poles will also align themselves axially.

Any known iiuidtight sealing means may be applied to the fountain pen if desired such as the gasket 21 (Figs.`5 and 6) which is preferably so soft and yielding as to exert no appreciable frictional resistance to free operation of the magnetic coupling or closure means while, however, providing a i'luidtight seal preventing evaporation and/or drying of the ink in the pen.

The magnets or magnet members I9, 2|, 25 and 26 are preferably of the type termed Alnico" manufactured by the General Electric Company of Schenectady, New York, which magnets are comprised of aluminum, nickel and cob alt powders, pressed, sintered and thereafter magnetized. These magnets or magnet members may, therefore, be molded in the cap I5 and barrel I0 of the fountain pen when these parts are formed and thereafter magnetized, and remagnetized if they become weak. It is, of course, understood that the barrel I0 and cap I5 will be formed of non-magnetic or non-ferrous material as is generally the case or that the magnets and/or keeper members must be insulated from their supporting parts (where these parts are formed of ferrous or magnetic material) in known manner.

From the above description it will clearly appear that we have provided a new and improved closure for fountain pens and the like which closure is elcient and positive in operation, of cheap, simple, and trouble-free construction and which, because of its reinforcing function, makes possible substantial improvement in the appearance of fountain pens.

Itis, of course, to be understood that the above description is merely illustrative and in nowise limiting and that we desire to comprehend within our invention such modifications as are included within the scope of the following claims.

Having thus fully described our invention, what we claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent is:

1. As a new article of manufacture, a fountain pen comprising a barrel of non-ferrous material, a telescopically detachable cap vof nonferrous material, and a closure comprising an annular closure member of magnetic material secured to said barrel with a frusto-conlcal outer surface, and an annular member of magnetic material secured to said cap with a frustoconical 4inner surface complementary with the frusto-conical outer surface of said first-named closure member and adapted for sealing contact therewith in the closed position of said cap, one of said closure members being permanently magnetized.

2. The structure defined in claim 1 wherein the permanently magnetized closure member is grooved to form axially spaced annular positive and negative pole surfaces.

3. In a fountain pen including a barrel member having a penpoint at one end and a cap member having a closed end adapted to t over said point, securing means for said cap comprising a pair of complementary magnetically responsive elements, one of said elements being secured on the interior wall of the cap and the other element being secured on the outside of the barrel adjacent the point, at least the element within the cap being permanently magnetized, and a, magnetically responsive element on the outside of the barrel adjacent the end remote from the point, said cap being capable of sliding over either end ofsaid barrel until said cap element comesinto magnetic holding relation with the barrel element nearest such end.

4. In a fountain pen including a barrel member having a penpoint at one end and a cap member having a closed end adapted to fit over said point, securing means for said cap comprising an annular element secured on the interior Wall of said cap, and a second annular element having a surface sealingly engageable with the surface of the rst element and having at least in part an external diameter greater than the internal diameter of at least a part of said rst annular element, said second element being secured on the outside of the barrel, one of said elements comprising at least one permanent magnet and the other element being composed at least in part of magnetically responsive material, said cap being capable of sliding over said point and barrel until said elements engage one another so as to seal said point within said cap.

5. In a device as claimed in claim 4, said surfaces being frusta-conical.

6. In a fountain pen including a barrel member having a penpoint at one end and a cap member having a closed end adapted to t Vover said point, securing means for said cap comprising a pair of complementary magnetically responsive elements, one of said elements being secured on the interior wall of the cap spaced from the closed end thereof and the other element being secured on the outside of the barrel, at least one of said elements being permanently magnetized, said cap being capable of sliding over'said point and barrel until said elements come into magnetic holding relation with one another with said point extending beyond said first element.

7. In a fountain pen as claimed in claim 6, in which both said elements are permanently magnetized, the poles of said elements being disposed substantially radially.

8. As a new article of manufacture, a fountain pen comprising a barrel of nonmagnetic material, a telescopically detachable cap of nonmagnetic material, and a closure comprising an annular permanent magnet secured to said barrel with a substantially frusto-conical outer surface, and an annular permanent magnet secured to said cap with a substantially frusto-conical inner surface complementary with the outer surface of said first-named magnet and adapted for contact therewith in the closed position of s aid cap, the outer surface of said rst-named magnet and the inner surface of said second-named magnet being substantially similarly grooved to form axially spaced annular positive and negative pole surfaces on each magnet, and the positive pole surface of each magnet sealingly engaging the negative pole surface of the other magnet in the closed position of said cap.

9. The structure defined in claim 8 wherein the annular magnet secured to said cap forms a metallic interior reinforcement protecting the cap against splitting and obviates the necessity for exterior reinforcing means for that purpose.

'EDWARD S. SCHULTZ. CHARLES D. MORTON.

REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the file of this patent:

UNITED STATES PATENTS

US641896A 1946-01-18 1946-01-18 Closure for fountain pens and the like Expired - Lifetime US2438231A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US641896A US2438231A (en) 1946-01-18 1946-01-18 Closure for fountain pens and the like

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US641896A US2438231A (en) 1946-01-18 1946-01-18 Closure for fountain pens and the like

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
US2438231A true US2438231A (en) 1948-03-23

Family

ID=24574302

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US641896A Expired - Lifetime US2438231A (en) 1946-01-18 1946-01-18 Closure for fountain pens and the like

Country Status (1)

Country Link
US (1) US2438231A (en)

Cited By (88)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2508075A (en) * 1949-09-10 1950-05-16 Morris Owen Magnetized article
US2557634A (en) * 1948-05-21 1951-06-19 Cox Isaac Eugene Fountain pen
US2688991A (en) * 1949-10-21 1954-09-14 William V Doyle Magnetic attachment for screw drivers and the like
US2717820A (en) * 1949-03-24 1955-09-13 Foxboro Co Industrial recording mechanism
US2735403A (en) * 1956-02-21 morrill
US2766909A (en) * 1951-03-06 1956-10-16 William V Doyle Magnetic supporting device for containers
US2902667A (en) * 1954-10-21 1959-09-01 Jersey Prod Res Co Vertical velocity dynamic geophone
US2953970A (en) * 1957-09-26 1960-09-27 Indiana General Corp Mount for optical system component
US3266112A (en) * 1964-05-14 1966-08-16 Thomas P Heckman Permanent magnet fastener
DE2606550A1 (en) * 1976-02-19 1977-08-25 Montblanc Simplo Gmbh Cap Permanent Magnetic held for Writing Instruments
JPS52162929U (en) * 1976-06-03 1977-12-10
US4629348A (en) * 1983-01-27 1986-12-16 Ancos Co., Ltd. Writing instrument with sealing cap and additional rearward seal
US4912727A (en) * 1988-10-26 1990-03-27 Grass Ag Drawer guiding system with automatic closing and opening means
US6170304B1 (en) * 1999-02-26 2001-01-09 Hewlett-Packard Company Method and apparatus for securing electronic components
US20060235448A1 (en) * 2005-04-13 2006-10-19 Roslin Mitchell S Artificial gastric valve
US20070014624A1 (en) * 2005-07-18 2007-01-18 Steph Fogelson Dispenser with magnetized elements
US20070048064A1 (en) * 2004-09-17 2007-03-01 Tong Kun Y Highlight Ink Marker With An Automatic Magnetic Closure Apparatus
US20070173881A1 (en) * 2004-03-18 2007-07-26 Allergan, Inc. Apparatus and method for volume adjustment of intragastric balloons
US20070250085A1 (en) * 2004-03-08 2007-10-25 Endoart Sa Closure System for Tubular Organs
US20070251580A1 (en) * 2006-05-01 2007-11-01 Perry Scott K Magnetic valve cap for the valve stem of a pneumatic tire
US20080092420A1 (en) * 2006-10-24 2008-04-24 Aaron Simms Breech plug with magnetic connector
US20080158890A1 (en) * 2005-02-04 2008-07-03 Patent-Treuhand-Gesellschaft Fur Elektrische Glula Light Unit Provided with Reflector
US20090082793A1 (en) * 2004-01-23 2009-03-26 Allergan, Inc. Releasably-securable one-piece adjustable gastric band
US20090182356A1 (en) * 2002-08-13 2009-07-16 Coe Frederick L Remotely adjustable gastric banding device
US20090249612A1 (en) * 2008-04-04 2009-10-08 Cedar Ridge Research, Llc. system and method for manufacturing a field emission structure
US7610937B1 (en) * 2008-06-26 2009-11-03 Pressure Specialist Inc. Self-sealing regulator fill port protective/dust cover
US20090297250A1 (en) * 2008-05-28 2009-12-03 Bon Artek Writing Industry Co., Ltd. Pen cap and pen barrel coupling structure
US20100087843A1 (en) * 2008-10-06 2010-04-08 Allergan, Inc. Mechanical Gastric Band With Cushions
US20100185049A1 (en) * 2008-10-22 2010-07-22 Allergan, Inc. Dome and screw valves for remotely adjustable gastric banding systems
US20100280310A1 (en) * 2009-05-01 2010-11-04 Allergan, Inc. Laparoscopic Gastric Band With Active Agents
US20100324359A1 (en) * 2002-08-28 2010-12-23 Janel Birk Fatigue-resistant gastric banding device
US20110031839A1 (en) * 2009-06-02 2011-02-10 Cedar Ridge Research, Llc. System and Method for Energy Generation
US20110054248A1 (en) * 2009-08-28 2011-03-03 Allergan, Inc. Gastric band with electric stimulation
WO2011015366A3 (en) * 2009-08-07 2011-03-31 Dalpieno S.R.L. Writing implement and its package
US20110090210A1 (en) * 2002-03-05 2011-04-21 Isao Sasaki Image display apparatus and control method therefor
US20110137112A1 (en) * 2009-08-28 2011-06-09 Allergan, Inc. Gastric band with electric stimulation
US20110184229A1 (en) * 2009-05-01 2011-07-28 Allergan, Inc. Laparoscopic gastric band with active agents
US20110208229A1 (en) * 2010-02-24 2011-08-25 Allergan, Inc. Source reservoir with potential energy for remotely adjustable gastric banding system
US8222986B2 (en) 2009-09-22 2012-07-17 Correlated Magnetics Research, Llc. Multilevel magnetic system and method for using same
US8279031B2 (en) 2011-01-20 2012-10-02 Correlated Magnetics Research, Llc Multi-level magnetic system for isolation of vibration
US8279032B1 (en) 2011-03-24 2012-10-02 Correlated Magnetics Research, Llc. System for detachment of correlated magnetic structures
US8308630B2 (en) 2006-01-04 2012-11-13 Allergan, Inc. Hydraulic gastric band with collapsible reservoir
US8314672B2 (en) 2008-04-04 2012-11-20 Correlated Magnetics Research LLC Magnetic attachment system having composite magnet structures
US8368495B2 (en) 2008-04-04 2013-02-05 Correlated Magnetics Research LLC System and method for defining magnetic structures
US8373526B2 (en) 2008-04-04 2013-02-12 Correlated Magnetics Research, Llc. Field emission system and method
US8373527B2 (en) 2008-04-04 2013-02-12 Correlated Magnetics Research, Llc Magnetic attachment system
US8384346B2 (en) 2008-04-04 2013-02-26 Correlated Magnetics Research, Llc Techniques for producing an electrical pulse
US20130075301A1 (en) * 2007-08-03 2013-03-28 Olive Anne McLaughlin Universal Lipstick Refill Case
US8471658B2 (en) 2010-07-12 2013-06-25 Correlated Magnetics Research, Llc Magnetic switch for operating a circuit
WO2013101558A1 (en) * 2011-12-29 2013-07-04 Parker Pen Products Magnetic-mechanical connection assembly and writing instrument comprising same
US8517915B2 (en) 2010-06-10 2013-08-27 Allergan, Inc. Remotely adjustable gastric banding system
US8576036B2 (en) 2010-12-10 2013-11-05 Correlated Magnetics Research, Llc System and method for affecting flux of multi-pole magnetic structures
US8638016B2 (en) 2010-09-17 2014-01-28 Correlated Magnetics Research, Llc Electromagnetic structure having a core element that extends magnetic coupling around opposing surfaces of a circular magnetic structure
US8648681B2 (en) 2009-06-02 2014-02-11 Correlated Magnetics Research, Llc. Magnetic structure production
US8704626B2 (en) 2010-05-10 2014-04-22 Correlated Magnetics Research, Llc System and method for moving an object
US8702437B2 (en) 2011-03-24 2014-04-22 Correlated Magnetics Research, Llc Electrical adapter system
US8760251B2 (en) 2010-09-27 2014-06-24 Correlated Magnetics Research, Llc System and method for producing stacked field emission structures
US8779879B2 (en) 2008-04-04 2014-07-15 Correlated Magnetics Research LLC System and method for positioning a multi-pole magnetic structure
US8816805B2 (en) 2008-04-04 2014-08-26 Correlated Magnetics Research, Llc. Magnetic structure production
US8840541B2 (en) 2010-02-25 2014-09-23 Apollo Endosurgery, Inc. Pressure sensing gastric banding system
US8848973B2 (en) 2011-09-22 2014-09-30 Correlated Magnetics Research LLC System and method for authenticating an optical pattern
US8876694B2 (en) 2011-12-07 2014-11-04 Apollo Endosurgery, Inc. Tube connector with a guiding tip
US8905915B2 (en) 2006-01-04 2014-12-09 Apollo Endosurgery, Inc. Self-regulating gastric band with pressure data processing
US8917154B2 (en) 2012-12-10 2014-12-23 Correlated Magnetics Research, Llc. System for concentrating magnetic flux
US8937521B2 (en) 2012-12-10 2015-01-20 Correlated Magnetics Research, Llc. System for concentrating magnetic flux of a multi-pole magnetic structure
US8963380B2 (en) 2011-07-11 2015-02-24 Correlated Magnetics Research LLC. System and method for power generation system
US8961393B2 (en) 2010-11-15 2015-02-24 Apollo Endosurgery, Inc. Gastric band devices and drive systems
US8961394B2 (en) 2011-12-20 2015-02-24 Apollo Endosurgery, Inc. Self-sealing fluid joint for use with a gastric band
US20150102612A1 (en) * 2013-10-15 2015-04-16 General Electric Company Latch assembly
US9028394B2 (en) 2010-04-29 2015-05-12 Apollo Endosurgery, Inc. Self-adjusting mechanical gastric band
US9044298B2 (en) 2010-04-29 2015-06-02 Apollo Endosurgery, Inc. Self-adjusting gastric band
US9050165B2 (en) 2010-09-07 2015-06-09 Apollo Endosurgery, Inc. Remotely adjustable gastric banding system
US9105380B2 (en) 2008-04-04 2015-08-11 Correlated Magnetics Research, Llc. Magnetic attachment system
US9192501B2 (en) 2010-04-30 2015-11-24 Apollo Endosurgery, Inc. Remotely powered remotely adjustable gastric band system
US9202616B2 (en) 2009-06-02 2015-12-01 Correlated Magnetics Research, Llc Intelligent magnetic system
US9202615B2 (en) 2012-02-28 2015-12-01 Correlated Magnetics Research, Llc System for detaching a magnetic structure from a ferromagnetic material
US9219403B2 (en) 2011-09-06 2015-12-22 Correlated Magnetics Research, Llc Magnetic shear force transfer device
US9245677B2 (en) 2012-08-06 2016-01-26 Correlated Magnetics Research, Llc. System for concentrating and controlling magnetic flux of a multi-pole magnetic structure
DE102014011215A1 (en) * 2014-07-29 2016-02-04 Montblanc-Simplo Gmbh Writing instrument with a housing and an attachable cap
US9257219B2 (en) 2012-08-06 2016-02-09 Correlated Magnetics Research, Llc. System and method for magnetization
US9275783B2 (en) 2012-10-15 2016-03-01 Correlated Magnetics Research, Llc. System and method for demagnetization of a magnetic structure region
US9298281B2 (en) 2012-12-27 2016-03-29 Correlated Magnetics Research, Llc. Magnetic vector sensor positioning and communications system
US9295573B2 (en) 2010-04-29 2016-03-29 Apollo Endosurgery, Inc. Self-adjusting gastric band having various compliant components and/or a satiety booster
US9330825B2 (en) 2011-04-12 2016-05-03 Mohammad Sarai Magnetic configurations
US9371923B2 (en) 2008-04-04 2016-06-21 Correlated Magnetics Research, Llc Magnetic valve assembly
US9396711B2 (en) * 2014-09-22 2016-07-19 David John Musical instrument valve system
US9404776B2 (en) 2009-06-02 2016-08-02 Correlated Magnetics Research, Llc. System and method for tailoring polarity transitions of magnetic structures
US9711268B2 (en) 2009-09-22 2017-07-18 Correlated Magnetics Research, Llc System and method for tailoring magnetic forces

Citations (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US451603A (en) * 1891-05-05 Magnetic attachment for windows
US712447A (en) * 1902-05-23 1902-10-28 Leonidas G Wooley Magnetic medicine-holder.
US1198227A (en) * 1916-02-19 1916-09-12 Charlotte Hinchey Door-holding means.
US1861171A (en) * 1929-05-24 1932-05-31 Zimmermann Otto Penholder
US2278907A (en) * 1940-07-26 1942-04-07 Parker Pen Co Fountain pen
US2303580A (en) * 1939-01-18 1942-12-01 Fruehauf Trailer Co Semitrailer
US2385859A (en) * 1942-02-09 1945-10-02 Jacobson Ernest Magnetic attachment for articles of everyday use
US2386500A (en) * 1943-12-29 1945-10-09 Parker Pen Co Magnetic desk set
US2397931A (en) * 1943-08-17 1946-04-09 Ellis Robert Magnetic button

Patent Citations (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US451603A (en) * 1891-05-05 Magnetic attachment for windows
US712447A (en) * 1902-05-23 1902-10-28 Leonidas G Wooley Magnetic medicine-holder.
US1198227A (en) * 1916-02-19 1916-09-12 Charlotte Hinchey Door-holding means.
US1861171A (en) * 1929-05-24 1932-05-31 Zimmermann Otto Penholder
US2303580A (en) * 1939-01-18 1942-12-01 Fruehauf Trailer Co Semitrailer
US2278907A (en) * 1940-07-26 1942-04-07 Parker Pen Co Fountain pen
US2385859A (en) * 1942-02-09 1945-10-02 Jacobson Ernest Magnetic attachment for articles of everyday use
US2397931A (en) * 1943-08-17 1946-04-09 Ellis Robert Magnetic button
US2386500A (en) * 1943-12-29 1945-10-09 Parker Pen Co Magnetic desk set

Cited By (140)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2735403A (en) * 1956-02-21 morrill
US2557634A (en) * 1948-05-21 1951-06-19 Cox Isaac Eugene Fountain pen
US2717820A (en) * 1949-03-24 1955-09-13 Foxboro Co Industrial recording mechanism
US2508075A (en) * 1949-09-10 1950-05-16 Morris Owen Magnetized article
US2688991A (en) * 1949-10-21 1954-09-14 William V Doyle Magnetic attachment for screw drivers and the like
US2766909A (en) * 1951-03-06 1956-10-16 William V Doyle Magnetic supporting device for containers
US2902667A (en) * 1954-10-21 1959-09-01 Jersey Prod Res Co Vertical velocity dynamic geophone
US2953970A (en) * 1957-09-26 1960-09-27 Indiana General Corp Mount for optical system component
US3266112A (en) * 1964-05-14 1966-08-16 Thomas P Heckman Permanent magnet fastener
DE2606550A1 (en) * 1976-02-19 1977-08-25 Montblanc Simplo Gmbh Cap Permanent Magnetic held for Writing Instruments
US4168129A (en) * 1976-02-19 1979-09-18 Montblanc-Simplo Gmbh Permanent-magnetically held closure cap for writing instruments
JPS52162929U (en) * 1976-06-03 1977-12-10
US4629348A (en) * 1983-01-27 1986-12-16 Ancos Co., Ltd. Writing instrument with sealing cap and additional rearward seal
US4912727A (en) * 1988-10-26 1990-03-27 Grass Ag Drawer guiding system with automatic closing and opening means
US6170304B1 (en) * 1999-02-26 2001-01-09 Hewlett-Packard Company Method and apparatus for securing electronic components
US20110090210A1 (en) * 2002-03-05 2011-04-21 Isao Sasaki Image display apparatus and control method therefor
US20090182356A1 (en) * 2002-08-13 2009-07-16 Coe Frederick L Remotely adjustable gastric banding device
US8845513B2 (en) 2002-08-13 2014-09-30 Apollo Endosurgery, Inc. Remotely adjustable gastric banding device
US20100324359A1 (en) * 2002-08-28 2010-12-23 Janel Birk Fatigue-resistant gastric banding device
US8382780B2 (en) 2002-08-28 2013-02-26 Allergan, Inc. Fatigue-resistant gastric banding device
US8900117B2 (en) 2004-01-23 2014-12-02 Apollo Endosurgery, Inc. Releasably-securable one-piece adjustable gastric band
US20090082793A1 (en) * 2004-01-23 2009-03-26 Allergan, Inc. Releasably-securable one-piece adjustable gastric band
US20070250085A1 (en) * 2004-03-08 2007-10-25 Endoart Sa Closure System for Tubular Organs
US7811299B2 (en) * 2004-03-08 2010-10-12 Allergan, Inc. Closure system for tubular organs
US20110040141A1 (en) * 2004-03-08 2011-02-17 Allergan, Inc. Closure system for tubular organs
US8377081B2 (en) 2004-03-08 2013-02-19 Allergan, Inc. Closure system for tubular organs
US20070173881A1 (en) * 2004-03-18 2007-07-26 Allergan, Inc. Apparatus and method for volume adjustment of intragastric balloons
US8236023B2 (en) 2004-03-18 2012-08-07 Allergan, Inc. Apparatus and method for volume adjustment of intragastric balloons
US20070048064A1 (en) * 2004-09-17 2007-03-01 Tong Kun Y Highlight Ink Marker With An Automatic Magnetic Closure Apparatus
US7331729B2 (en) 2004-09-17 2008-02-19 Kun Yuan Tong Highlight ink marker with an automatic magnetic closure apparatus
US20080158890A1 (en) * 2005-02-04 2008-07-03 Patent-Treuhand-Gesellschaft Fur Elektrische Glula Light Unit Provided with Reflector
US7876032B2 (en) * 2005-02-04 2011-01-25 Osram Gesellschaft Mit Beschraenkter Haftung Light unit provided with reflector
US20060235448A1 (en) * 2005-04-13 2006-10-19 Roslin Mitchell S Artificial gastric valve
US8623042B2 (en) 2005-04-13 2014-01-07 Mitchell Roslin Artificial gastric valve
US8251888B2 (en) 2005-04-13 2012-08-28 Mitchell Steven Roslin Artificial gastric valve
US20070014624A1 (en) * 2005-07-18 2007-01-18 Steph Fogelson Dispenser with magnetized elements
US8308630B2 (en) 2006-01-04 2012-11-13 Allergan, Inc. Hydraulic gastric band with collapsible reservoir
US8323180B2 (en) 2006-01-04 2012-12-04 Allergan, Inc. Hydraulic gastric band with collapsible reservoir
US8905915B2 (en) 2006-01-04 2014-12-09 Apollo Endosurgery, Inc. Self-regulating gastric band with pressure data processing
US7770601B2 (en) * 2006-05-01 2010-08-10 Perry Scott K Magnetic valve cap for the valve stem of a pneumatic tire
US20070251580A1 (en) * 2006-05-01 2007-11-01 Perry Scott K Magnetic valve cap for the valve stem of a pneumatic tire
US20080092420A1 (en) * 2006-10-24 2008-04-24 Aaron Simms Breech plug with magnetic connector
US20130075301A1 (en) * 2007-08-03 2013-03-28 Olive Anne McLaughlin Universal Lipstick Refill Case
US9371923B2 (en) 2008-04-04 2016-06-21 Correlated Magnetics Research, Llc Magnetic valve assembly
US9269482B2 (en) 2008-04-04 2016-02-23 Correlated Magnetics Research, Llc. Magnetizing apparatus
US8692637B2 (en) 2008-04-04 2014-04-08 Correlated Magnetics Research LLC Magnetic device using non polarized magnetic attraction elements
US9536650B2 (en) 2008-04-04 2017-01-03 Correlated Magnetics Research, Llc. Magnetic structure
US8698583B2 (en) 2008-04-04 2014-04-15 Correlated Magnetics Research, Llc Magnetic attachment system
US9105384B2 (en) 2008-04-04 2015-08-11 Correlated Megnetics Research, Llc. Apparatus and method for printing maxels
US8339226B2 (en) 2008-04-04 2012-12-25 Correlated Magnetics Research LLC Magnetic attachment system
US8314672B2 (en) 2008-04-04 2012-11-20 Correlated Magnetics Research LLC Magnetic attachment system having composite magnet structures
US8844121B2 (en) 2008-04-04 2014-09-30 Correlated Magnetics Research LLC System and method for manufacturing a field emission structure
US8816805B2 (en) 2008-04-04 2014-08-26 Correlated Magnetics Research, Llc. Magnetic structure production
US8593242B2 (en) 2008-04-04 2013-11-26 Correlated Magnetics Research, Llc Field emission system and method
US8354909B2 (en) 2008-04-04 2013-01-15 Correlated Magnetics Research LLC Magnetic attachment system having a non-magnetic region
US8356400B2 (en) 2008-04-04 2013-01-22 Correlated Magnetics Research, Llc. Method for manufacturing a field emission structure
US8368495B2 (en) 2008-04-04 2013-02-05 Correlated Magnetics Research LLC System and method for defining magnetic structures
US8373526B2 (en) 2008-04-04 2013-02-12 Correlated Magnetics Research, Llc. Field emission system and method
US8373527B2 (en) 2008-04-04 2013-02-12 Correlated Magnetics Research, Llc Magnetic attachment system
US8717131B2 (en) 2008-04-04 2014-05-06 Correlated Magnetics Research Panel system for covering a glass or plastic surface
US20090249612A1 (en) * 2008-04-04 2009-10-08 Cedar Ridge Research, Llc. system and method for manufacturing a field emission structure
US8384346B2 (en) 2008-04-04 2013-02-26 Correlated Magnetics Research, Llc Techniques for producing an electrical pulse
US8779877B2 (en) 2008-04-04 2014-07-15 Correlated Magnetics Research, Llc Magnetic attachment system
US8643454B2 (en) 2008-04-04 2014-02-04 Correlated Magnetics Research, Llc Field emission system and method
US8410882B2 (en) 2008-04-04 2013-04-02 Correlated Magnetics Research, Llc Field emission system and method
US8461952B1 (en) 2008-04-04 2013-06-11 Correlated Magnetics Research, Llc Field emission system and method
US9105380B2 (en) 2008-04-04 2015-08-11 Correlated Magnetics Research, Llc. Magnetic attachment system
US8760252B2 (en) 2008-04-04 2014-06-24 Correlated Magnetics Research, Llc Field emission system and method
US8502630B2 (en) 2008-04-04 2013-08-06 Correlated Magnetics Research LLC System and method for defining magnetic structures
US8536966B2 (en) 2008-04-04 2013-09-17 Correlated Magnetics Research, Llc Magnetic attachment system
US8857044B2 (en) 2008-04-04 2014-10-14 Correlated Magnetics Research LLC System for manufacturing a field emission structure
US8779879B2 (en) 2008-04-04 2014-07-15 Correlated Magnetics Research LLC System and method for positioning a multi-pole magnetic structure
US8872608B2 (en) 2008-04-04 2014-10-28 Correlated Magnetics Reserach LLC Magnetic structures and methods for defining magnetic structures using one-dimensional codes
US20090297250A1 (en) * 2008-05-28 2009-12-03 Bon Artek Writing Industry Co., Ltd. Pen cap and pen barrel coupling structure
US7610937B1 (en) * 2008-06-26 2009-11-03 Pressure Specialist Inc. Self-sealing regulator fill port protective/dust cover
US8317677B2 (en) 2008-10-06 2012-11-27 Allergan, Inc. Mechanical gastric band with cushions
US20100087843A1 (en) * 2008-10-06 2010-04-08 Allergan, Inc. Mechanical Gastric Band With Cushions
US8900118B2 (en) 2008-10-22 2014-12-02 Apollo Endosurgery, Inc. Dome and screw valves for remotely adjustable gastric banding systems
US20100185049A1 (en) * 2008-10-22 2010-07-22 Allergan, Inc. Dome and screw valves for remotely adjustable gastric banding systems
US20110184229A1 (en) * 2009-05-01 2011-07-28 Allergan, Inc. Laparoscopic gastric band with active agents
US20100280310A1 (en) * 2009-05-01 2010-11-04 Allergan, Inc. Laparoscopic Gastric Band With Active Agents
US20110031839A1 (en) * 2009-06-02 2011-02-10 Cedar Ridge Research, Llc. System and Method for Energy Generation
US8648681B2 (en) 2009-06-02 2014-02-11 Correlated Magnetics Research, Llc. Magnetic structure production
US9202616B2 (en) 2009-06-02 2015-12-01 Correlated Magnetics Research, Llc Intelligent magnetic system
US9367783B2 (en) 2009-06-02 2016-06-14 Correlated Magnetics Research, Llc Magnetizing printer and method for re-magnetizing at least a portion of a previously magnetized magnet
US8395467B2 (en) 2009-06-02 2013-03-12 Correlated Magnetics Research, Llc Magnetic attachment system
US9404776B2 (en) 2009-06-02 2016-08-02 Correlated Magnetics Research, Llc. System and method for tailoring polarity transitions of magnetic structures
US8760250B2 (en) 2009-06-02 2014-06-24 Correlated Magnetics Rsearch, LLC. System and method for energy generation
WO2011015366A3 (en) * 2009-08-07 2011-03-31 Dalpieno S.R.L. Writing implement and its package
US20110054248A1 (en) * 2009-08-28 2011-03-03 Allergan, Inc. Gastric band with electric stimulation
US20110137112A1 (en) * 2009-08-28 2011-06-09 Allergan, Inc. Gastric band with electric stimulation
US9711268B2 (en) 2009-09-22 2017-07-18 Correlated Magnetics Research, Llc System and method for tailoring magnetic forces
US8222986B2 (en) 2009-09-22 2012-07-17 Correlated Magnetics Research, Llc. Multilevel magnetic system and method for using same
US8570129B2 (en) 2009-09-22 2013-10-29 Correlated Magnetics Research, Llc Complex machine including a classical simple machine and a magnetic system
US8758221B2 (en) 2010-02-24 2014-06-24 Apollo Endosurgery, Inc. Source reservoir with potential energy for remotely adjustable gastric banding system
US20110208229A1 (en) * 2010-02-24 2011-08-25 Allergan, Inc. Source reservoir with potential energy for remotely adjustable gastric banding system
US8840541B2 (en) 2010-02-25 2014-09-23 Apollo Endosurgery, Inc. Pressure sensing gastric banding system
US9044298B2 (en) 2010-04-29 2015-06-02 Apollo Endosurgery, Inc. Self-adjusting gastric band
US9295573B2 (en) 2010-04-29 2016-03-29 Apollo Endosurgery, Inc. Self-adjusting gastric band having various compliant components and/or a satiety booster
US9028394B2 (en) 2010-04-29 2015-05-12 Apollo Endosurgery, Inc. Self-adjusting mechanical gastric band
US9192501B2 (en) 2010-04-30 2015-11-24 Apollo Endosurgery, Inc. Remotely powered remotely adjustable gastric band system
US8704626B2 (en) 2010-05-10 2014-04-22 Correlated Magnetics Research, Llc System and method for moving an object
US9111673B2 (en) 2010-05-10 2015-08-18 Correlated Magnetics Research, Llc. System and method for moving an object
US9406424B2 (en) 2010-05-10 2016-08-02 Correlated Magnetics Research, Llc System and method for moving an object
US8517915B2 (en) 2010-06-10 2013-08-27 Allergan, Inc. Remotely adjustable gastric banding system
US9111672B2 (en) 2010-07-12 2015-08-18 Correlated Magnetics Research LLC. Multilevel correlated magnetic system
US8570130B1 (en) 2010-07-12 2013-10-29 Correlated Magnetics Research, Llc. Multi-level magnetic system
US8471658B2 (en) 2010-07-12 2013-06-25 Correlated Magnetics Research, Llc Magnetic switch for operating a circuit
US8947185B2 (en) 2010-07-12 2015-02-03 Correlated Magnetics Research, Llc Magnetic system
US9050165B2 (en) 2010-09-07 2015-06-09 Apollo Endosurgery, Inc. Remotely adjustable gastric banding system
US8638016B2 (en) 2010-09-17 2014-01-28 Correlated Magnetics Research, Llc Electromagnetic structure having a core element that extends magnetic coupling around opposing surfaces of a circular magnetic structure
US8760251B2 (en) 2010-09-27 2014-06-24 Correlated Magnetics Research, Llc System and method for producing stacked field emission structures
US8961393B2 (en) 2010-11-15 2015-02-24 Apollo Endosurgery, Inc. Gastric band devices and drive systems
US8957751B2 (en) 2010-12-10 2015-02-17 Correlated Magnetics Research LLC System and method for affecting flux of multi-pole magnetic structures
US8576036B2 (en) 2010-12-10 2013-11-05 Correlated Magnetics Research, Llc System and method for affecting flux of multi-pole magnetic structures
US8279031B2 (en) 2011-01-20 2012-10-02 Correlated Magnetics Research, Llc Multi-level magnetic system for isolation of vibration
US8841981B2 (en) 2011-03-24 2014-09-23 Correlated Magnetics Research, Llc. Detachable cover system
US8279032B1 (en) 2011-03-24 2012-10-02 Correlated Magnetics Research, Llc. System for detachment of correlated magnetic structures
US8702437B2 (en) 2011-03-24 2014-04-22 Correlated Magnetics Research, Llc Electrical adapter system
US8514046B1 (en) 2011-03-24 2013-08-20 Correlated Magnetics Research, Llc. Method for detachment of two objects
US9312634B2 (en) 2011-03-24 2016-04-12 Correlated Magnetics Research LLC Electrical adapter system
US9330825B2 (en) 2011-04-12 2016-05-03 Mohammad Sarai Magnetic configurations
US8963380B2 (en) 2011-07-11 2015-02-24 Correlated Magnetics Research LLC. System and method for power generation system
US9219403B2 (en) 2011-09-06 2015-12-22 Correlated Magnetics Research, Llc Magnetic shear force transfer device
US8848973B2 (en) 2011-09-22 2014-09-30 Correlated Magnetics Research LLC System and method for authenticating an optical pattern
US8876694B2 (en) 2011-12-07 2014-11-04 Apollo Endosurgery, Inc. Tube connector with a guiding tip
US8961394B2 (en) 2011-12-20 2015-02-24 Apollo Endosurgery, Inc. Self-sealing fluid joint for use with a gastric band
WO2013101558A1 (en) * 2011-12-29 2013-07-04 Parker Pen Products Magnetic-mechanical connection assembly and writing instrument comprising same
US9202615B2 (en) 2012-02-28 2015-12-01 Correlated Magnetics Research, Llc System for detaching a magnetic structure from a ferromagnetic material
US9257219B2 (en) 2012-08-06 2016-02-09 Correlated Magnetics Research, Llc. System and method for magnetization
US9245677B2 (en) 2012-08-06 2016-01-26 Correlated Magnetics Research, Llc. System for concentrating and controlling magnetic flux of a multi-pole magnetic structure
US9275783B2 (en) 2012-10-15 2016-03-01 Correlated Magnetics Research, Llc. System and method for demagnetization of a magnetic structure region
US8937521B2 (en) 2012-12-10 2015-01-20 Correlated Magnetics Research, Llc. System for concentrating magnetic flux of a multi-pole magnetic structure
US8917154B2 (en) 2012-12-10 2014-12-23 Correlated Magnetics Research, Llc. System for concentrating magnetic flux
US9298281B2 (en) 2012-12-27 2016-03-29 Correlated Magnetics Research, Llc. Magnetic vector sensor positioning and communications system
US9588599B2 (en) 2012-12-27 2017-03-07 Correlated Magnetics Research, Llc. Magnetic vector sensor positioning and communication system
US20150102612A1 (en) * 2013-10-15 2015-04-16 General Electric Company Latch assembly
US9290972B2 (en) * 2013-10-15 2016-03-22 General Electric Company Latch assembly
DE102014011215A1 (en) * 2014-07-29 2016-02-04 Montblanc-Simplo Gmbh Writing instrument with a housing and an attachable cap
US9396711B2 (en) * 2014-09-22 2016-07-19 David John Musical instrument valve system

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US3009225A (en) Separable two-part magnetic connector
US4624393A (en) Split hub assembly for a necked down cartridge tube
US2702683A (en) Magnetic holder for gasoline filling spout caps
US3961721A (en) Magnetic container cover
US2761717A (en) Magnetic lid holder for containers
US2288688A (en) Magnetic lock
US2817548A (en) Clamping device for garden sunshades
US2994323A (en) Cartridge-syringe assembly
GB1524114A (en) Hypodermic syringe needle mounting
CA2429153C (en) Auto-retractable pen mechanism with a cushion effect
US3384408A (en) Hand tools
KR890004880A (en) Air spring with inner sealing band and its installation method
KR840002015A (en) Polypropylene Compositions with Improved Impact Strength Properties at Low Temperatures
KR890006987A (en) Piston-Cylinder-Assemblies
DE3434216C2 (en)
KR900010797A (en) Spring Detent Spacer Grid Holding Piece
KR920004398A (en) β-lactam compound and its preparation and use
GB1182769A (en) Improvements in or relating to Pipe Couplings
US3136458A (en) Container including a neck with a pouring opening and closing device for the same
ES296407U (en) Flexible pen with sliding sleeve
GB1415257A (en) Gas springs
GB1472845A (en) Magnetic actuator mechanism and electric pushbutton switch incorporating same
KR920014690A (en) Packaging Tube
GB1192143A (en) Improvements relating to Sealing Sleeves
CN204382875U (en) Pen