US236997A - Dose-measuring bottle - Google Patents

Dose-measuring bottle Download PDF

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US236997A
US236997A US236997DA US236997A US 236997 A US236997 A US 236997A US 236997D A US236997D A US 236997DA US 236997 A US236997 A US 236997A
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bottle
receptacle
contents
portion
liquid
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    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01FMEASURING VOLUME, VOLUME FLOW, MASS FLOW OR LIQUID LEVEL; METERING BY VOLUME
    • G01F11/00Apparatus requiring external operation and adapted at each repeated and identical operation to measure and separate a predetermined volume of fluid or fluent solid material from a supply or container without regard to weight and to deliver it
    • G01F11/10Apparatus requiring external operation and adapted at each repeated and identical operation to measure and separate a predetermined volume of fluid or fluent solid material from a supply or container without regard to weight and to deliver it with measuring chambers moved during operation
    • G01F11/26Apparatus requiring external operation and adapted at each repeated and identical operation to measure and separate a predetermined volume of fluid or fluent solid material from a supply or container without regard to weight and to deliver it with measuring chambers moved during operation wherein the measuring chamber is filled and emptied by tilting or inverting the supply vessel, e.g. bottle emptying apparatus
    • G01F11/261Apparatus requiring external operation and adapted at each repeated and identical operation to measure and separate a predetermined volume of fluid or fluent solid material from a supply or container without regard to weight and to deliver it with measuring chambers moved during operation wherein the measuring chamber is filled and emptied by tilting or inverting the supply vessel, e.g. bottle emptying apparatus for fluent solid material

Description

A 2 Sheets-Sheet 1.

J. MDO-DGB. Dose Measuring Bottle.

Np. 236,997. Patented Jan. 25, 1881.

NFERS. PHUTO-L1THDGRAPHER, WASHINGTON. D C.

, No Model.) 2 sheets-sheet, 2.

J. Mi. DODGE! vDose :Measuring Bottle.

'No.23'6,997. I 1P`at.ented1an.25,1ss1.

UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE.

JAMES M. DODGE, OF CHICAGO, ILLINOIS.

DOSE-MEASU RING BOTTLE.

SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 236,997, dated January 25, 1881.

i v Application filed December 20,1880. (No model.)

To all whom tt may concern:

Be it knownthat I, JAMES MAPEs DODGE, of Chicago, in the county of Cook and State of Illinois, have invented a new and useful Dose-Measuring Bottle; and I do hereby declare that the following is a full and exact description thereof, reference being had to the accompanying drawings, making part of this specification.

My invention relates to a novel construction of bottle, adapted most particularly to contain.

the bottle so as to cause the liquid contents to iiow into said auxiliary receptacle or measuring device, and then turning the bottle so as to leave a portion of the contents in said auxiliary receptacle,(and separated from the liquid in the main portion or chamber of the bottle,) the portion ofthe contents then contained in said auxiliary receptacle may be poured out without discharging any portion of the contents of the main receptacle or body portion of the bottle, all as will be hereinafter more fully explained.

To enable those skilled in the art to make and use my invention, 'l will non1 proceed to more fully describe it, referring by letters to the accompanying drawings, forming part of this speciiication, and in which- Figure 1 is a perspective view of a bottle embodying my invention. Fig. 2 is a longitudinal central section of the same, illustrating how the bottle should be manipulated to ll the measuring-receptacle; and Figs. 3 and 4 are similar sections with bottle in diii'erent positions, for purposes tob'e presently explained.

- Fig. 5 is a sectional'view, showing a modified construction of bottle embracing myinvention. Fig. 6 is a similar View, showing still another modification of or another mode of carrying out my said invention.

Wherever the same part occurs in diiferent views it will be found designated by the same letter of reference.

In Figs. 1 to 4, inclusive, A is the main or body portion of a bottle, and B what corresponds substantially to what is usually designated the neck,77 but which I form, by preference, in a peculiar manner, and locate toward one side of the body portion A, instead of in line with the center of the body portion, as is most commonly located the bottle-neck. At the extremity of the part B is the usual mouth or discharge-orifice, adapted to receive a cork or stopper, C, in the usual manner, and pretcrab ly formed with the ordinary circular lian ge or lip d.

The neck-like portion B,it willbe observed, is suddenly and considerably enlarged or bulged out at one side immediately beyond the point of its junction with the body portion A, so as to form, when the bottle shall be held in a certain position, as shown. for instance, at Fig. 3, a sort of hollow or receptacle, e, designed to hold a given or prescribed quantity of the liquid contents of the bottle.

The conformation of this neck-like portion of the bottle, or its receptacle e, is such that the latter 'constitutes a sort of measuringchamber-that is, this bulged portion or chamber e is designed and sized so as to contain the prescribed dose or quantity of the liquid to be used when the bottle shall be held in such a position (see, for instance, Fig. 3) that the liquid contents shall be separately held in the main portion A and in the said receptacle e, and with the latter in a condition to permit the removal of the cork or stopper without spilling any of the contents of e. To thus supply the auxiliary chamber e the bottle should be turned nearly or partially upside down, as shown, for instance, at Fig. 2 and then suiciently righted to bring it into about the position seen at Fig. 3, (and its contents into the separated condition shown by the broken lines in said tigure,) and in the great majority of cases in which such a contrivance is most useful-as, for instance, in all cases in which some given but not exactly deined quantity of the bottles contents is to be usedthe quantity to be discharged at `:me time may thus be measured with suiiicient accuracy for all practical purposes.

It is a most common practice, in the use of IOO all sorts of medicines and liquids put into the turned into another position will be divided market bythe trade. to have no more acculately-defined directions for the use ot' the contents of the bottle by the patient or user than that it is to be taken by the tea or table spooiiful or winc-glassful, &c.; and as all the designated measuring implements or receptacles vary considerably in capacity in the different makes of spoons and glasses, it follows that even though the ineasuriiig-receptacle e, when used as herein described, may not always contain precisely the saine quantity, it will serve to perform the measuring of doses to be taken with quite as much, it' not inuch greater, precision or uniformity in all cases than is attainable by the pieseiit modes of measuring; but in the use of such a bottle or contiivance as that herein shown and described no spoon, glass, or other separate implement or utensil need be used; and even in the dark most persons could, b v the sense ot' feeling only, manipulate the bottle so as to properly supply the receptacle c with the right or designed quantity of the bottle's contents, as shown at Fig. 3, and could then extract the cork and drink only the portion of liquid contained in said portion e, were it desired to thus take or use the. liquid.

Ifit be desired to measure and pour out the contents into another utensil-as, for instance, in order to mix the liquid with water or some othersubstaiice-tlie cork U may be withdrawn while the bottle is in position seen at Fig. 3, and the bottle then tipped into the position shown at Fig. 4, when, as illustrated by the last-named tigure. all the liquid contained at e will run out without the overtlow ot' any of the liquid of chamber A into e.

If deemed expedient, the neck portion Il of the bottle inay be provided with the supplemental device ot' indicating-lines or a scale of marks, either as illustrated by the dotted lilies at Fig. 1 or by those at Fig. 3, (or with any other sort of gage-marks or devices but in practice, for most purposes. the proper predetermination ot' the size and shape of the receptacle portion e (so as to hold either a tea or table spoonl'ul or other presciibed quantity) will, I presume, render the novel bottle contrivance capable ofaiisweriiig well its intended uses.

Of course the design and all the details ot' construction of my novel dose-measuring bottleinay be considerably varied, in tliejudginent of the maker and user of the contrivance, and according to circumstances to be considered, without materially' departing from the principle of construction peculiar to my invention, the gist ot' which is in having the bottle made with some sort ot' auxiliary chamber or receptaclelike device so relatively arranged with the main or body portion of the bottle and its mouth that when the bottle shall be turned into a certain position the liquid will ow into said auxiliary receptacle, and when or separately held in both the said receptacle and the main or body portion of the bottle, and may be discharged from the former Without the discharge of any portion of the contents of the latter.

At Fig. 5 I have shown a modification of my invention, in which there is no bulging receptacle in the neck portion f, which is placed one-sided, (as is common in some bottles, such as small ink-bottles, now made,) but in which a sort ot' partition, h, divides the body of the bottle into two compartments, i and j, and is perforated at x. In this form of my invention, by holding the bottle in a substantially horizontal position, with its shorter side downmost, and then turning it axially to bring the longer side or line of the body dowiimost, the chambers i and j will stand full to the same level, but have the contents of each separated from that of the other by the partition IL, (assuniing,of course,always that the bottle be not so nearly full that in the last-named position of it the liquid will be at a level such as to tlow through the aperture x of the partition,) and then, by inclining the bottle to an oblique position, as seen at Fig. 5, so as to permit the removal ot the cork l without spilling any liquid, a quantity ot' liquid will be measured in and can separately be run out of the coinpartment without discharging any portion of the contents ofj.

At Fig. ti is shown still another modification, in which the bottle has its interior divided iiito two compartments, m and n, by a solid partition, o, and is provided or formed with a sort ot tubular passage or communicatoii (at s) between the compartments. In this form of contrivance the measuring and separate discharge ot' the desired quantity of the liquid contents of the bottle may be accomplished by a manipulation ofthe bottle about similar to that explained in iefereiice to the modification shown at Fig. 5.

What l claim as of my invention, and desire to secure by Letters Patent, without restriction to any inerc matters of form or precise arraiigeineiitofthedevices shown and described, 1s-

' A bottle or liquid-receptacle having its main chamber or receptacle supple ented with a measuring` receptacle or chamer, into which latter thc liquid contents of th bottle may be made to tlow, and from which the contained liquid can be discharged through the mouth ot' the bottle without. discharging from the main receptacle of the bottle any portion of its contents.

ln testimony whereof I have hereunto set my hand this 15th day of December, 1880 JAMES M. DODGE.

In presence of- JULIUS GoLDziER, W. l). EWART.

IIO

IZO

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Cited By (20)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2772704A (en) * 1952-08-21 1956-12-04 American Hospital Supply Corp Fluid container
US3060942A (en) * 1957-04-23 1962-10-30 Leah H Finlay Lacquer dispensing bottle
US3396875A (en) * 1966-11-25 1968-08-13 Richard P Matthews Container with integral measuring chamber
US4079859A (en) * 1976-11-26 1978-03-21 Jennings J Thomas Technique and device for measuring fluids
US4298038A (en) * 1979-09-21 1981-11-03 Jennings J Thomas Technique and device for measuring fluids including finger valve and filler mechanism
US4564125A (en) * 1984-04-20 1986-01-14 Esslinger James J BB Loader
US4646948A (en) * 1985-10-03 1987-03-03 Container Mfg. Inc. Measuring container with modified pour-spout and method and apparatus for filling the same
US5503284A (en) * 1994-12-23 1996-04-02 Li; Hofman Y. Single continuous wall, multi-chamber container
US5556011A (en) * 1993-12-13 1996-09-17 Jennings; Robert M. Measuring container
US6098850A (en) * 1997-06-11 2000-08-08 Ho; I-Chung Non-spill bottle for liquids and the like
US6290102B1 (en) 2000-03-31 2001-09-18 Robert Michael Jennings Liquid measuring and dispensing container
US6460741B1 (en) 1997-06-11 2002-10-08 I-Chung Ho Spill-resistant bottle for liquids and the like
WO2003047983A1 (en) * 2001-12-06 2003-06-12 Mewes, Axel Container for storing and pouring liquids
US6758375B2 (en) 1997-06-11 2004-07-06 I-Chung Ho Spill-resistant, smoother pouring container for liquids
US20070199945A1 (en) * 2006-02-28 2007-08-30 I-Chung Ho Low cost spill-resistant cup
US20080000920A1 (en) * 2006-02-28 2008-01-03 I-Chung Ho Low Cost Spill-Resistant Cup For Liquids
US20080067195A1 (en) * 2006-09-15 2008-03-20 Jennings Robert M Measuring and dispensing container
US20080073363A1 (en) * 2006-05-19 2008-03-27 Daniel Higgins Drinking cup and cover with flow directing assembly
US20090057187A1 (en) * 2004-12-21 2009-03-05 Mary Toth Method of selling dosage forms without a prescription
US9464928B2 (en) * 2011-09-15 2016-10-11 Bark Innovations B.V. Holder for a liquid

Cited By (28)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2772704A (en) * 1952-08-21 1956-12-04 American Hospital Supply Corp Fluid container
US3060942A (en) * 1957-04-23 1962-10-30 Leah H Finlay Lacquer dispensing bottle
US3396875A (en) * 1966-11-25 1968-08-13 Richard P Matthews Container with integral measuring chamber
US4079859A (en) * 1976-11-26 1978-03-21 Jennings J Thomas Technique and device for measuring fluids
US4298038A (en) * 1979-09-21 1981-11-03 Jennings J Thomas Technique and device for measuring fluids including finger valve and filler mechanism
US4564125A (en) * 1984-04-20 1986-01-14 Esslinger James J BB Loader
US4646948A (en) * 1985-10-03 1987-03-03 Container Mfg. Inc. Measuring container with modified pour-spout and method and apparatus for filling the same
US5556011A (en) * 1993-12-13 1996-09-17 Jennings; Robert M. Measuring container
US5503284A (en) * 1994-12-23 1996-04-02 Li; Hofman Y. Single continuous wall, multi-chamber container
US6460741B1 (en) 1997-06-11 2002-10-08 I-Chung Ho Spill-resistant bottle for liquids and the like
US6098850A (en) * 1997-06-11 2000-08-08 Ho; I-Chung Non-spill bottle for liquids and the like
US6374541B1 (en) 1997-06-11 2002-04-23 I-Chung Ho Spill-resistant container for liquids
US6758375B2 (en) 1997-06-11 2004-07-06 I-Chung Ho Spill-resistant, smoother pouring container for liquids
US6290102B1 (en) 2000-03-31 2001-09-18 Robert Michael Jennings Liquid measuring and dispensing container
US20050006420A1 (en) * 2001-12-06 2005-01-13 Lo Kai Yip Container for storing and pouring liquids
WO2003047983A1 (en) * 2001-12-06 2003-06-12 Mewes, Axel Container for storing and pouring liquids
US7293679B2 (en) 2001-12-06 2007-11-13 Axel Mewes Container for storing and pouring liquids
US7946447B2 (en) * 2004-12-21 2011-05-24 Mcneil-Ppc, Inc. Method of selling dosage forms without a prescription
US20090057187A1 (en) * 2004-12-21 2009-03-05 Mary Toth Method of selling dosage forms without a prescription
US20080000920A1 (en) * 2006-02-28 2008-01-03 I-Chung Ho Low Cost Spill-Resistant Cup For Liquids
US20070199961A1 (en) * 2006-02-28 2007-08-30 I-Chung Ho Low cost spill-and-glug-resistant cup and container
US7757886B2 (en) 2006-02-28 2010-07-20 Edison Nation, Llc Low cost spill-and-glug-resistant cup and container
US20070199945A1 (en) * 2006-02-28 2007-08-30 I-Chung Ho Low cost spill-resistant cup
US7641070B2 (en) 2006-02-28 2010-01-05 Edison Nation, Llc Low cost spill-resistant cup for liquids
US20100200601A1 (en) * 2006-02-28 2010-08-12 Edison Nation, Llc Low cost spill-resistant cup
US20080073363A1 (en) * 2006-05-19 2008-03-27 Daniel Higgins Drinking cup and cover with flow directing assembly
US20080067195A1 (en) * 2006-09-15 2008-03-20 Jennings Robert M Measuring and dispensing container
US9464928B2 (en) * 2011-09-15 2016-10-11 Bark Innovations B.V. Holder for a liquid

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