US2364866A - Nipple shield - Google Patents

Nipple shield Download PDF

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Publication number
US2364866A
US2364866A US40078841A US2364866A US 2364866 A US2364866 A US 2364866A US 40078841 A US40078841 A US 40078841A US 2364866 A US2364866 A US 2364866A
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Prior art keywords
nipple
portion
shield
natural
receiving
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Expired - Lifetime
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Jr Maurice J Meynier
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Jr Maurice J Meynier
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61JCONTAINERS SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR MEDICAL OR PHARMACEUTICAL PURPOSES; DEVICES OR METHODS SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR BRINGING PHARMACEUTICAL PRODUCTS INTO PARTICULAR PHYSICAL OR ADMINISTERING FORMS; DEVICES FOR ADMINISTERING FOOD OR MEDICINES ORALLY; BABY COMFORTERS; DEVICES FOR RECEIVING SPITTLE
    • A61J13/00Breast-nipple shields

Description

Dec. 12, 1944. 'M.. J. MEYNIER, 4R 2,36.4,66

NIPPLE SHIELD Filed July 2, 1941 M J MEYN/ER Jr.

INVENTOR,

. BY $64M Patented Dec. 12, 1944 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE P E D Maurice Meynier, ;Ir., Houston, Tex. Application July 2, 1941, Serial No. 460,738

8 Claims. (01. 128-150) This invention relates to a nipple shield which is adapted to be applied tothe breast of .the mother when nursing an infant.

The primary object of the invention is toprovide a'shield which is simple and inexpensive and which will effectively accomplish the necessary functions of a shield of thistype. x i

Another object is to provide a shield which is so constructed that:the nipple portion thereof is of substantially the same size as the natural nipple. z

Still another objectis to provide ashield which minimizes the'amount of air entrapped therein or admitted thereto. 2

A further object istopzovide a shield having internal annular ridges which are; engageable with the breast to. produce an effective. seal against the leakage of air to the interior of: the

shield.

Another object is to provide a shield having thickened-walls at the juncture of the nipple and V movement of nursing fluid toward the nipple.

which forms a continuation of the nipple receiving portion.

The foregoing objects together with other objects will be more fully apparent from a consideration of the following description takenin connection with the accompanying drawing in which:

Fig. l is a sectional view through a nipple shield embodying the invention;

Fig. 2 is a sectional view taken on line 22 in Fig. 1; a

Fig. 3 is a sectional view showing the relative positions of the respective portions of the shield and the mothers breast with which the shield is used.

In the drawing the shield, generally referred to as l, is of a nonporous flexible material such as natural rubber, synthetic rubber and the like, and comprises a flared or enlarged portion 2 which fits closely by suction upon the mother's breast of which the outline is shown at 3.

At 4 is a nipple receiving portion which ls 1ntegral centrally with the portion 2 and which is of substantially the. same size internally as the natural nipple which is shown at 5. The nipple receiving portion 4 terminates at its outer ends by thickened walls Gwhich overlie at 1 an annu lar portion of the natural nipple, and which terminates in a thin walled nipple. portion 8 which, it is to benoted, is of substantially :thesame size or smaller than the naturalnipple. The nipple 8 is provided with one or more openings 9 at its outer end for the passage of fluid therefrom. I The featureof constructionjustdescribed prov vides a nipple ofv small volume sol-that only asmall amount of air is entrapped therein and is of ad:- vantage because each time thenaction of thede vise is initiated the child must firstdraw the air. from the nipple 8. At the same time the. thick-: ened portion 6 serves as a substantial base fora protection of the natural nipple, prevents collapse of the nipple 8 due to .suction vornegative pressure by the child and avoids pinching'of the natural nipple 5. This thickened areaalso serves to support the nipple 8 andalso to restrain the natural nipple from elongatiomand resultant chewing thereof by the nursing infant. .i,

In order to further minimize the, amountof air ingested by the nursing infant, the flared pore tion 2 is provided internally with av plurality of narrow concentric ridges or rings II] which produce intervening grooves H. The mother's breast intimately engages the surfaces of such ridges and grooves and consequently an efficient discontinuous ridges engage the natural nipple and provide passages therebetween for the moveple receiving portion and to the nipple 8. By

means of this feature of construction an absolute seal of the device about the natural teat or nipple is prevented so that all nursing fluids entering the nipple receivingportion 4 even from the base of the teat are readily conducted forwardly to and through the nipple 8. v

From the foregoing description. the structure and use of one embodiment of the invention is believed apparent. Broadly the invention comg j. nipple receiving portion including a plurality of discontinuous, internal ridges to engage the natural nipple and to provide an area to conduct fluids toward the apex thereof, and a nipple integral with said nipple receiving portion at its apex.

2. A nipple shield of; nonporous flexible material comprising a flared portionadapted to fit upon and adhere to the natural breast by suction, a nipple receiving portion comprising a central continuation of the flared portion and adapted to receive the natural nipple therein, said nipple receiving portion including a plurality oi discontinuous, internal ridges to engage the natural nipple to prevent a seal and to provide an area to conduct fluids toward the pex, thereof,

and a nipple integral with said nipple receiving portion at its apex, said nipple havingth-in outer-' an area to conductfluids: toward the apex there: at, and a nipple integral with said nipple receiv ing-por-tion at its-apex, said nipple having thin outermost walls; and thickened walls at the juncture with the nipple receiving portion.

4;. A nipple shield o l-nonporous flexible materialcomprisinga flared portion adapted to fi-tupon and 'a d here'to thenatural breast bysuction, a nipple receiving portion comprising a central continuation or: the flared portion and adapted to re ceive the natural nipple therein, saidnipple receivingportion including a plurality of discontinuous, internal ridges adapted to engage the natural nipple toprevent a seal and to provide an area to conduct fluids toward the apex thereof, and a nipple integral with said nipple receiving portion at its apex, said nipple having thin outermost walls, and thickened walls at the juncture withthe nipple receiving portion, said nipple of fluid into said nipple.

6.. A nipple, shield having a body, a nipple thereon of a minimum size which simulates the size of the 'normal' teat, and a neck comprising a thickened wall area joining such nipple to the body so as to protect the teat by preventing collapse'of the nipple adjacent. the. endof the teat.

7. A nipple shield having a body, a. nipple there: on of a minimumsizejwhich simulates the size of the normal; teat,- a'neck, comprising a. thickened wall area joining such; nipple the. body so, as to protect the teat by preventing collapse oi: the

nipple adjacent the; end of the teat, and. inter:

rupted ridge means on-the internal surface out said bodyabout the teat. area topreventsealing: of" the body withthe teat, and permitting the flow olfi fluid from about the teat into the nipple. w

8; Anipple shield having-'azbcdy, anippl'e there- I

US2364866A 1941-07-02 1941-07-02 Nipple shield Expired - Lifetime US2364866A (en)

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US2364866A US2364866A (en) 1941-07-02 1941-07-02 Nipple shield

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US2364866A US2364866A (en) 1941-07-02 1941-07-02 Nipple shield

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Cited By (22)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3366111A (en) * 1965-09-15 1968-01-30 American Home Prod Device for application of medicated liquids to teat skin of female quadrupeds
US4856663A (en) * 1988-04-19 1989-08-15 Lyda Epp Nursing device for infant with cleft lip or cleft palate
US5032103A (en) * 1990-02-16 1991-07-16 Isg/Ag Breast shield
US5171321A (en) * 1992-03-09 1992-12-15 Davis Joseph P Nipple prosthesis and method of making the same
DE4415939C1 (en) * 1994-05-05 1996-01-18 Mach Leasing Ag Silicone nipple cover for nursing mothers with perforated teat
WO1999027888A1 (en) * 1996-04-10 1999-06-10 Kocher Robert W Male nipple abrasion protector
US20040178162A1 (en) * 2003-03-14 2004-09-16 Dorothea Zucker-Franklin Devices and methods for removal of leukocytes from breast milk
US20040182813A1 (en) * 2003-03-19 2004-09-23 Gilmore Carolyn K. Nipple configuration for use in feeding and nursing newborn infants
US20060111665A1 (en) * 2004-11-19 2006-05-25 Gillan Jonathan C Reclining breast pumping system
US20060116632A1 (en) * 2004-11-19 2006-06-01 Gillan Jonathan C Reclining breast pumping system
US20060157065A1 (en) * 2005-01-20 2006-07-20 Peter Rohrig Nipple protection device
US20080071370A1 (en) * 2006-09-18 2008-03-20 Vinas Luis A Reusable breast cover and nipple prosthesis
US20080140194A1 (en) * 2001-07-16 2008-06-12 Janice Hansen Adjustable areola and nipple prosethesis
US20080167579A1 (en) * 2003-08-12 2008-07-10 Lior Ben Ezra Apparatus For Determining the Amount of Milk Breast-Fed to a Baby by Convective Heat Transfer
US20090254028A1 (en) * 2008-04-03 2009-10-08 Lyndon Brittner Hands-free breast pump system
WO2011007140A1 (en) * 2009-07-14 2011-01-20 Jackel International Limited A breast attachment
US20110065360A1 (en) * 2009-09-11 2011-03-17 Simplisse, Inc. Nipple shield
US20130228186A1 (en) * 2012-01-30 2013-09-05 Patrick B. Ward Nipple abrasion protector
US8945046B2 (en) 2008-04-03 2015-02-03 Lyndon Brittner Hands-free breast pump system
US20160120763A1 (en) * 2014-10-29 2016-05-05 Matthew Conner Breastfeeding apparatus system
US9895293B2 (en) 2015-02-02 2018-02-20 Amber Michelle Blank Illuminated nipple shield
US9895292B1 (en) * 2011-10-06 2018-02-20 Presque, Inc. Feeding device and methods using the same

Cited By (34)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3366111A (en) * 1965-09-15 1968-01-30 American Home Prod Device for application of medicated liquids to teat skin of female quadrupeds
US4856663A (en) * 1988-04-19 1989-08-15 Lyda Epp Nursing device for infant with cleft lip or cleft palate
US5032103A (en) * 1990-02-16 1991-07-16 Isg/Ag Breast shield
US5171321A (en) * 1992-03-09 1992-12-15 Davis Joseph P Nipple prosthesis and method of making the same
DE4415939C1 (en) * 1994-05-05 1996-01-18 Mach Leasing Ag Silicone nipple cover for nursing mothers with perforated teat
WO1999027888A1 (en) * 1996-04-10 1999-06-10 Kocher Robert W Male nipple abrasion protector
US20080140194A1 (en) * 2001-07-16 2008-06-12 Janice Hansen Adjustable areola and nipple prosethesis
US7566344B2 (en) 2001-07-16 2009-07-28 Janice Hansen Adjustable areola and nipple prosethesis
US20040178162A1 (en) * 2003-03-14 2004-09-16 Dorothea Zucker-Franklin Devices and methods for removal of leukocytes from breast milk
WO2004082558A3 (en) * 2003-03-14 2009-04-09 Univ New York Devices and methods for removal of leukocytes from breast milk
WO2004082558A2 (en) * 2003-03-14 2004-09-30 New York University Devices and methods for removal of leukocytes from breast milk
US20040182813A1 (en) * 2003-03-19 2004-09-23 Gilmore Carolyn K. Nipple configuration for use in feeding and nursing newborn infants
US6968964B2 (en) 2003-03-19 2005-11-29 Gilmore Carolyn K Nipple configuration for use in feeding and nursing newborn infants
US20080167579A1 (en) * 2003-08-12 2008-07-10 Lior Ben Ezra Apparatus For Determining the Amount of Milk Breast-Fed to a Baby by Convective Heat Transfer
US20060116632A1 (en) * 2004-11-19 2006-06-01 Gillan Jonathan C Reclining breast pumping system
US20060111665A1 (en) * 2004-11-19 2006-05-25 Gillan Jonathan C Reclining breast pumping system
US7819839B2 (en) * 2004-11-19 2010-10-26 Gillan Jonathan C Reclining breast pumping system
US8770202B2 (en) * 2005-01-20 2014-07-08 Bamed Ag Nipple protection device for breast-feeding mothers
US20060157065A1 (en) * 2005-01-20 2006-07-20 Peter Rohrig Nipple protection device
US20080071370A1 (en) * 2006-09-18 2008-03-20 Vinas Luis A Reusable breast cover and nipple prosthesis
US20090254028A1 (en) * 2008-04-03 2009-10-08 Lyndon Brittner Hands-free breast pump system
US9636282B2 (en) 2008-04-03 2017-05-02 Oak Tree Ip, Llc Hands free breast pump
US8945046B2 (en) 2008-04-03 2015-02-03 Lyndon Brittner Hands-free breast pump system
US8523804B2 (en) 2009-07-14 2013-09-03 Jackel International Limited Breast attachment
CN102481395A (en) * 2009-07-14 2012-05-30 杰克尔国际有限公司 Breast attachment
WO2011007140A1 (en) * 2009-07-14 2011-01-20 Jackel International Limited A breast attachment
CN102481395B (en) * 2009-07-14 2015-07-15 杰克尔国际有限公司 Breast attachment
US8469771B2 (en) 2009-09-11 2013-06-25 Handi-Craft Company Nipple shield
US20110065360A1 (en) * 2009-09-11 2011-03-17 Simplisse, Inc. Nipple shield
US9895292B1 (en) * 2011-10-06 2018-02-20 Presque, Inc. Feeding device and methods using the same
US9517183B2 (en) * 2012-01-30 2016-12-13 Patrick B. Ward Nipple abrasion protector
US20130228186A1 (en) * 2012-01-30 2013-09-05 Patrick B. Ward Nipple abrasion protector
US20160120763A1 (en) * 2014-10-29 2016-05-05 Matthew Conner Breastfeeding apparatus system
US9895293B2 (en) 2015-02-02 2018-02-20 Amber Michelle Blank Illuminated nipple shield

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