US2347023A - Permanent magnet chuck - Google Patents

Permanent magnet chuck Download PDF

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Publication number
US2347023A
US2347023A US37786541A US2347023A US 2347023 A US2347023 A US 2347023A US 37786541 A US37786541 A US 37786541A US 2347023 A US2347023 A US 2347023A
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Grant
Patent type
Prior art keywords
magnet
chuck
side
permanent magnet
plate
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
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Inventor
John T Beechlyn
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O S WALKER CO Inc
Original Assignee
O S WALKER CO Inc
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23QDETAILS, COMPONENTS, OR ACCESSORIES FOR MACHINE TOOLS, e.g. ARRANGEMENTS FOR COPYING OR CONTROLLING; MACHINE TOOLS IN GENERAL CHARACTERISED BY THE CONSTRUCTION OF PARTICULAR DETAILS OR COMPONENTS; COMBINATIONS OR ASSOCIATIONS OF METAL-WORKING MACHINES, NOT DIRECTED TO A PARTICULAR RESULT
    • B23Q3/00Devices holding, supporting, or positioning work or tools, of a kind normally removable from the machine
    • B23Q3/15Devices for holding work using magnetic or electric force acting directly on the work
    • B23Q3/154Stationary devices
    • B23Q3/1546Stationary devices using permanent magnets
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23QDETAILS, COMPONENTS, OR ACCESSORIES FOR MACHINE TOOLS, e.g. ARRANGEMENTS FOR COPYING OR CONTROLLING; MACHINE TOOLS IN GENERAL CHARACTERISED BY THE CONSTRUCTION OF PARTICULAR DETAILS OR COMPONENTS; COMBINATIONS OR ASSOCIATIONS OF METAL-WORKING MACHINES, NOT DIRECTED TO A PARTICULAR RESULT
    • B23Q3/00Devices holding, supporting, or positioning work or tools, of a kind normally removable from the machine
    • B23Q3/15Devices for holding work using magnetic or electric force acting directly on the work
    • B23Q3/152Rotary devices
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T409/00Gear cutting, milling, or planing
    • Y10T409/30Milling
    • Y10T409/30868Work support
    • Y10T409/309016Work support with work holder or guide

Description

April 18, 1944- J. T. BEECHLYN PERMAMENT MAGNET CHUCK Filed Feb. 7, 1941 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 Patented Apr. 18, 1944 chirac stares PERMANENT MAGNET CHUCK John T. B'eechlyn, Worcester, Mass., assigner to 0. S. Walker Co. Inc., Worcester, Mass., a ccr= poration of Massachusetts Application" February 7, 1941, serial No. 'euses Claims. (Cl. 175-367) This invention relates' to permanent magnet chucks of the rotary type and is particularly directed to such a chuck having a through diametrical magnet turnable on its axis to hold or release the work in combination with stationary magnets at either side of the turnable magnet, said stationary magnets being in the general shape of semi-circular pieces to extend substantially throughout the working area of the chuck.

Objects of the invention include the provision of a rotary chuck as above recited; the provision of a permanent magnet chuck having a bore and a rotary magnet turnable on its axis in said bore, said magnet having a thin coating of non-magnetic or high reluctance material to providea uniform gap and bearing surface for the magnet; the provision of a novel pole pattern which allows greater and more advantageous utilization of the magnetic flux than heretofore possible; and the provision of means at each end of the rotary magnet to form a one-way t for a wrench or other tool whereby the magnet may be turned to effect holding or release of the work by identical turning movements of the tool regardless of from which end of the magnet it is desired to turn it.

Other objects and advantages of the invention will appear hereinafter.

Reference is to be had to the accompanying drawings, in which Fig. 1 is a top plan view of a chuck constructed according to the present invention;

Fig. 2 is a section on line 2-2 of Fig. 1;

Fig. 3 is a section on line 3-3 of Fig. l;

Fig. 4 is a side elevational view of the rotatable magnet, parts being in section; and

Fig. 5 is an end view of the magnet looking in the direction of arrow 5 in Fig. 4.

The top plate assembly comprises a generally cylindrical iron member I0 which rests on the round bottom plate l2 as shown in Fig. 3 by its depending flange I4. This ange extends around the periphery of the chuck but is interrupted at I5, i8, where it is recessed to form a partial circular opening for admission of the rotary magnet assembly 20.

The work holding surface of the member I0 is formed as shown in Fig. 1, with, non-parallel and non-radial openings for the reception of the similarly shaped pole pieces of the pole section 22. These pole pieces are of less dimensions than the openings in the member I0, thus leaving gaps 24 filled with non-magnetic metal filling to render the pole section and member an integral unit. A description of the pole pieces will be seen to illustrate the openings in member l0, but it is pointed out that the gaps 24 are not uniform but widen in a direction away from the center of the chuck.

End pole pieces 25 are similar in shape but reversed and each resembles a v having its arms graduallytwidening away from the apex, which is clearly to4 one side of the chuck center. Pole piece 26 is i-I shaped but is deformed by being pinched in atthe waist or cross-bar of the H. 'I'his construction leaves opposite triangular pieces 28, arms 30 extending on two sides of the triangles, and diametrically opposite free-ended fingers 32 stopping short of the chuck center, which is tapped and counterbored at 36 to provide a centering depression.

An important aspect of the pole pattern is the fact that the edges of the openings in member I0, the gaps 24, and the pole pieces. when taken below line 2-2 in Fig. 1, all converge toward a small area A on the opposite side of the line, and the corresponding parts above line 2-2 converge toward a like small area B. It will be seen that the pole pattern just described, in effect, combines the usual radial and parallel pole patterns, and allows the utilization of the advantages of each of these types.

A pair of segment-shaped permanent magnets 38 are positioned to rest on the base plate l2 with their curved edges parallel to and adjacent the peripheral flange M of the chuck, and their straight edges are spaced from and parallel to the rotary magnet assembly 20. A portion of the gap 24, extends down and lies between the curved edges of the stationary magnets and the flange I4, while the base of the pole section 22 rests on the top at surfaces of these magnets. this base is formed as shown in Fig. 3 with a central recess 40 to accommodate the rotary magnet, and base l2 is likewise recessed to complete a bore, thus providing a round internal bearing ior the rotary magnet.

The rotary magnet 4l comprises a flat sided rectangular bar magnet having soft iron top and bottom pieces 42 at opposite sides to provide a generally circular means to rotatably support the bar magnet in its bore, and to prevent direct sliding contact of the magnet and the iron members I2 and 22. The pieces 42 are relieved at points 44, where the magnet most closely approaches the walls of the bore, and the magnet itself is of a width less than the diameter of the bore, so that there is no possibility of any contact of the magnet and the walls of the bore.

Through-bolts SB secure the magnet and pieces 42 together, and round platesd are attached to the ends of pieces l2 by screws E@ orother means. Centrally of each plate d8, there is an outstanding tang 52 having non-parallel sides B so that a complementary wrench or other tool can be placed on the tang in but one position. The tangs have their corresponding ends located oppositely, that is, wide end of the tang at the right in Fig. e is toward the observer and the wide end of the left hand tang is away from the observer.

End plates 55 are set into recesses I8, l and these plates are centrally apertured to permit access to tangs 52. Conical screws 58 extending thru the base I2 and member l0 locate and hold the end plates in position.

The magnet assembly 2U is provided with a thin plating of copper or other non-magnetic material as shown at SU, in the neighborhood of .003 to .008 inch, and this plating provides a bearing means whereby the magnet assembly is accurately centrally located in its bore. In the absence of such a coating, the magnet assembly would tend to get oil-center of its bore by being attracted to one side or the other thereof, thus producing unwanted friction and ux variations. The copper plating provides a bearing and spacing surface which avoids this diiculty by introducing an element of reluctance on each side of the magnet which can only vary by a slight percentage.

A gap 62 is provided on the bottom surface of each stationary magnet 38 to match the eect of the coating St and to insure that magnet lll will be effectively of greater magnitude than the combined strengths of the stationary magnets for the reasons pointed out in my co-pending application Serial No. 351,564, led August 6, 1940, Patent No. 2,268,011, which relates to a permanent magnet chuck having flux producing and reversing means similar to those here disclosed.

A wrench of the socket type is used to t over the tangs 52, in such a manner that the wrench handle will lie normal to the chuck axis in either on or od positions, and this wrench can only be placed on the tanks in one direction. Clearly, the directions of the wrench handles will be opposite as applied to both tanks, by reason of the opposite congurations thereof. When the chuck is placed on a lathe face plate, it will lie on a horizontal axis, and with the magnet il horizontal, the wrench handles will be vertical. As the handles point in opposite directions at the opposite sides of the chuck, they wil both point in the same rotational direction of the chuck. Hence it will be observed that if an operator stays at one side of the lathe, he will always operate either tang in exactly the same manner to turn the holding ux from on to on. By arranging the tangs oppositely, i. e., with the narrow ends of the tangs both pointing either clockwise or counterclockwise of the rotation of the chuck body, it is very easy to correctly operate the magnet 4l, and it will not be necessary for the operator to stop and think each time about `which side of the chuck is toward him in order to tell whether the ux is in holding or releasing position.

Of course, but one wrench is necessary, the

mention of two wrenches above being illustrative, to point out the eect of the tang conformation.

Having thus described my invention and the advantages thereof, I do not wish to be limited to the details herein disclosed, otherwise than as set forth in the claims, but what I claim is:

1. In a permanent magnet chuck of the rotary type, the combination of a cylindrical-Walled 5 housing having a top plate and a bottom plate; with a magnet adapted to be rotated on its axis, said axis being normal to the chuck axis, and a second magnet xed in said housing and having an edge substantially parallel to the axis of the rst magnet and another edge conforming to the cylindrical wall of the housing, said second magnet being lunar shaped. 2. In a permanent magnet chuck of the rotary type, the combination of a generally cylindrical housing embodying a circular top plate having elongated non-radial pole pieces and a bottom plate; with a magnet located diametrically of the housing and adapted to be turned on its axis, and a stationary lunar shaped magnet lying to one side of the axis of the turnable magnet and shaped to conform to the working area of the top plate.

3. In a permanent magnet chuck of the rotary type, the combination of a cylindrical-walled 25 housing having a circular top plate; with a magnet rotatably mounted in said housing diametrically thereof, and a fixed magnet at either side of said rotatable'magnet, each said lxed magnet having an edge adjacent and parallel to said 3o rotatable magnet, and an opposite edge of arc shape, said opposite edge lying adjacent and being in general conformance with a part of the cylindrical wall of said housing, Vboth magnets being of lunar shape.

4. A permanent magnet work-holding device comprising a housing having a work-holding surface, means forming a bore in said housing, a magnet rotatably mounted with slight clearance in said bore, and thin sheet of uniform re- 4o luctance non-magnetic material of uniform thickness between said magnet and bore, said sheet being effective to minimize ux variations on opposite sides of the magnet as caused by axial displacement incidental to said clearance, whereby tendency of the magnet to be attracted to any particular adjacent iron element is minimized.

5. In combination with a magnetic chuck of the rotary type, a top plate comprising a plurality of elongated, intertting, spaced, ux-carrying members, at least some of said members being formed to converge from adjacent the periphery of the chuck toward a small area located eccentrically to the center of the chuck, a magnetic ux source in said chuck, and a ux control device arranged diametrically of said chuck and substantially transversely to said flux-carrying members.

6. In combination with a magnetic chuck, a top plate comprising a plurality of generally V- shaped spaced members, certain of said members being located to one side of the center of the plate and converging toward points located eccentric to the center, a ux source in said chuck, and a ux control in said chuck extending substantially through said center transversely to the V-shaped members.

7. In combination with a magnetic chuck, a top plate comprising a plurality of interiitting spaced members arranged symmetrically to either side of a line thru the center of the plate, members to one side of said line converging toward a small area at the other side, members on the latter side converging toward a small area on 7g the one side, said small areas being located adjacent a center line of the plate at right angles to the iirst named center line, and a flux control element located parallel to and including said rst named center line.

8. In a magnetic chuck, a circular top plate comprising a plurality of intertting spaced iron members extending across the plate, each member comprising a V-shaped element, the several elements having their apices situated at successive points along a plate diameter and pointing toward the plate center, and a ux control element substantially coextensive with and located parallel to said plate diameter.

9. In a rotary chuck, a circular housing, a magnet positioned diametrically of said housing and adapted to be turned on its axis to provide for reversing the direction of its ux, means at each end of said magnet to receive a wrench, said means being effective to receive said wrench in one position only, said positions being opposite as respects the magnet but the same as respects the rotative direction of the housing.

10. In a. permanent magnet chuck having a cylindrical chuck body adapted for coaxial mounting on a horizontal spindle, a rotatable work release control member extending transversely thruout said chuck body, a tang on each end of said control member, each of said tangs formed to provide a one-way fit for a. wrench, said tangs being effective to receive the Wrench only in positions opposite to each other with respect to the rotatable control member per se but in the same direction with respect to the direction of rotation of the spindle, magnetic means cooperative with said control member to cause vresl'iectively holding and release of the Work when the manber is turned by one of said tangs to assume respectively one of two positions 180 apart, whereby identical procedure in motion is required when either tang is brought into service, as determined by orientation of the spindle with respect to a given position of the operator.

JOHN T. BEECHLYN.

US2347023A 1941-02-07 1941-02-07 Permanent magnet chuck Expired - Lifetime US2347023A (en)

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Cited By (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2464317A (en) * 1940-09-06 1949-03-15 Mary K Karasick Combined magnetic chuck and machine tool
US2471067A (en) * 1944-11-06 1949-05-24 Tropical Plantations Ltd Magnetic work holder
US2492238A (en) * 1947-11-21 1949-12-27 Raymond B Roof Magnetic stand with adjustable shunt
US2657504A (en) * 1949-11-09 1953-11-03 Gardner Machine Co Feed mechanism for grinding machines
US2854607A (en) * 1952-11-18 1958-09-30 Philips Corp Magnetic device
US3336551A (en) * 1964-08-05 1967-08-15 Taft Peirce Mfg Co Magnetic chucks
FR2466673A1 (en) * 1979-08-03 1981-04-10 Baermann Max Switchable permanent magnetic brake has
US5166654A (en) * 1991-04-10 1992-11-24 Braillon Magnetique, Societe Anonyme Permanent-magnet grab
US5266914A (en) * 1992-06-15 1993-11-30 The Herman Schmidt Company Magnetic chuck assembly
GB2401724A (en) * 2003-05-12 2004-11-17 Magnetic Systems Ltd Permanent magnet chuck
US8183965B2 (en) 2010-04-09 2012-05-22 Creative Engineering Solutions, Inc. Switchable core element-based permanent magnet apparatus

Cited By (13)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2464317A (en) * 1940-09-06 1949-03-15 Mary K Karasick Combined magnetic chuck and machine tool
US2471067A (en) * 1944-11-06 1949-05-24 Tropical Plantations Ltd Magnetic work holder
US2492238A (en) * 1947-11-21 1949-12-27 Raymond B Roof Magnetic stand with adjustable shunt
US2657504A (en) * 1949-11-09 1953-11-03 Gardner Machine Co Feed mechanism for grinding machines
US2854607A (en) * 1952-11-18 1958-09-30 Philips Corp Magnetic device
US3336551A (en) * 1964-08-05 1967-08-15 Taft Peirce Mfg Co Magnetic chucks
US4482034A (en) * 1979-08-03 1984-11-13 Max Baermann Switchable permanent magnet brake
FR2466673A1 (en) * 1979-08-03 1981-04-10 Baermann Max Switchable permanent magnetic brake has
US5166654A (en) * 1991-04-10 1992-11-24 Braillon Magnetique, Societe Anonyme Permanent-magnet grab
US5266914A (en) * 1992-06-15 1993-11-30 The Herman Schmidt Company Magnetic chuck assembly
GB2401724A (en) * 2003-05-12 2004-11-17 Magnetic Systems Ltd Permanent magnet chuck
US8183965B2 (en) 2010-04-09 2012-05-22 Creative Engineering Solutions, Inc. Switchable core element-based permanent magnet apparatus
US8256098B2 (en) 2010-04-09 2012-09-04 Creative Engineering Solutions, Inc. Switchable core element-based permanent magnet apparatus

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