US2329048A - Counting device with gaseous discharge valves - Google Patents

Counting device with gaseous discharge valves Download PDF

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US2329048A
US2329048A US303163A US30316339A US2329048A US 2329048 A US2329048 A US 2329048A US 303163 A US303163 A US 303163A US 30316339 A US30316339 A US 30316339A US 2329048 A US2329048 A US 2329048A
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condenser
gaseous discharge
impulse
counting device
voltage
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US303163A
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Hullegard Erik Waldemar
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Telefonaktiebolaget LM Ericsson AB
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Telefonaktiebolaget LM Ericsson AB
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    • HELECTRICITY
    • H03BASIC ELECTRONIC CIRCUITRY
    • H03KPULSE TECHNIQUE
    • H03K21/00Details of pulse counters or frequency dividers
    • H03K21/02Input circuits

Description

Sept. 7, 1943. E. w. HULLEGARD 4 COUNTING DEVICE WITH GASEOUS DISCHARGE VALVES Filed Nov. 6, 1939 5. MAM/@ 114 Patented Sept. 7, 1943 COUNTING DEVICE WITH GASEOUS DISCHARGE VALVES Erik Waldemar Hullegard, Stockholm, Sweden, assignor to Telefonaktiebolaget L. M. Ericsson, Stockholm, Sweden, a company of Sweden Application November 6, 1939, Serial No. 303,163

2 Claims. (01. 250-27) The present invention relates to apparatus for registering the sum of events or things occurring at different intervals and at diflerent points.

When registering or counting events or things it is often necessary to combine the results in a single counting device in order to obtain the total of all events or things to be counted.

In carrying out the invention electrical impulses are generated upon the occurrence of an event or the movement of a thing to be counted and such impulses taking place at various places are counted to provide an indication of the event or things to be counted. The invention includes an arrangement by which it is possible by the aid of relays and gaseous discharge tubes that a relay actuates a counting device indicating the total of all impulses. The arrangement is adapted to count every impulse even though several impulses are generated simultaneously. This feature of avoiding the dismissal of an impulse is obtained by an arrangement wherein a condenser is loaded by the aid of an impulse and the condenser then actuates the counting device common to all sources of impulses through a gaseous discharge tube.

The invention will be more thoroughly understood upon reference to the accompanying drawing and the following description wherein an exemplary embodiment of the invention is disclosed.

The single figure of the drawing is a circuit diagram illustrating the invention.

Referring to the drawing, there is shown at A a counting device for registering the total of a plurality of events or things to be counted. The apparatus includes a plurality of impulse gen erating means, two of which are shown generally at I and II. Each of the impulse generating means includes a switch I which is adapted to be moved into engagement with a contact 3 or 4 upon the occurrence of an event or the movement of a thing to be counted. The switch I is connected with a relay coil 2 which is passed by a current every time the switch I moves from one to the other of the contacts 3 or 4. The connection from the relay coil 2 is provided with a condenser 5, suitably connected to the midpoint of a direct current battery. One terminal of the battery is connected .to the contact 3 and the other terminal to the contact I. The relay is provided with a contact 6 connecting the positive terminal 9 of a direct current source and a condenser 8 and a resistance I the latter being connected to the negative terminal II! of the battery. The terminal of condenser 8 in connection with the resistance I is also connected to the anode of a gaseous discharge valve I I. The cathode of this valve is connected to a resistance I2 common to all of the impulse generating means. The condenser 8 is loaded when one of the relays 2 is influenced at the discharge and charge of condenser 5, caused by the switch I shifting polarity. This loading of the condenser 8 takes place from the current source 9-40 via the resistance I. When the voltage of the condenser 8 increases to a voltage corresponding to the glow tension of the gaseous discharge valve H a gaseous discharge takes place in the valve and the condenser 8 is discharged via the valve and the resistance I2 until the voltage of the condenser has dropped to an amount where the gaseous discharge ends.

A condenser I4 is connected to the wire I3 which extends between the cathodes of the gaseous discharge valves and the resistance l2 common to the impulse generating means. The other terminal of this condenser I4 is connected to the grid of a grid governed gaseous discharge valve, a thyratron or the like I5, in the anode circuit of which a relay coil I6 is arranged. On an impulse to a condenser 8 and the discharge via the gaseous discharge valve II following this impulse, the tension of the wire I3 is increased to an amount corresponding to the voltage between the terminal of the condenser 8 minus the voltage drop in the gaseous discharge valve II. Consequently the grid of the tube I5 obtains positive impulses via the condenser I4 causing the gaseous discharge to start and consequently the relay I 6 connected in the anode circuit in the valve registers the impulse. The current source of the thyratron tube is connected between the cathode of this valve and one terminal of a contact I'I influenced by the relay and connected in series withthe relay coil I6 with the effect that the current is interrupted when the relay is actuated. The discharge in the thyratron tube is interrupted by this contact in the same moment as the impulse is registered.

If more impulses enter into the relays 2 by actuation of the switches I each condenser 8 obtains a charge. During the discharge of a condenser 8 following a gaseous discharge in a valve II for instance in the impulse generating means I the voltage of the connection l3 common to the means I and II increases. The voltage drop between this connection I3 and condensers 8 in further impulse generating means the gaseous discharge valves of which have not been ignited, decreases in such a. way that it is not possible for the gaseous discharge to start in these means. Consequently the condensers are not discharged until the discharge via the ignited gaseous discharge valve has ceased followed by a decrease in voltage of the connection l3. Now the counting device has registered the first impulse and is ready to receive further impulses to be registered. When the voltage of the connection 13 is sufliciently decreased the voltage drop between the terminals of a second gaseous discharge valve ll caused by the stored energy in a condenser 8 is getting high enough to start the gaseous discharge in the valve and a second discharge in the tube I5 is started by the voltage increase then taking place in the connection 13. Thus the stored impulse is registered by the counting device.

It is suitable to connect the condenser 8 to the current source only for a time necessary to charge the condenser to a voltage necessary to bring about the gaseous discharge in the gaseous discharge valve II or a voltage slightly above this. Therefore each condenser 8 is charged in the manner described from the current source 9 with the aid of relay 2 actuated by a switch I, the relay being connected in series with a condenser 5. Should the condenser 8 be connected to the current source for a longer time it could happen that the condenser would be charged and discharged several times via the gaseous discharge valve H if certain values of the resistances l and I2 were used and consequently the device would register a plurality of impulses for one single primary impulse. This is avoided if the condenser is connected to the current source 9 during a time not being longer than necessary for the counting device to register an impulse. Of course it is possible to make this time longer by suitable dimension of the time constant partly for the system I, 8 for the charging of the condenser partly for the circuit elements I, 8, H, l2 determining the discharging time for the circuit but the simplest rule to obtain a right impulse generation is given above. Naturally it is necessary to.dimensin the resistance 1 in such a way that the condenser 8 may be charged to the necessary voltage during the time the relay 2 is energized.

At a short loading impulse via the contact the circuit elements 8, H and i2 are most important for the duration of the discharge through the discharge valve ll. As the condenser l4 receives a charge, also the circuit elements l4, l5 and i8 to a certain amount have an influence upon the duration of the discharge. The circuit constituted by last mentioned elements must have such a small time constant that when the condenser 14 is discharged the voltage of the grid of the valve I! is decreased so rapidly to an amount below the voltage at which the discharge stops that it is not possible for a gaseous discharge to start once more when the contact I1 is closed after having actuated the counting device. Should this condition not be fulfilled the counting device may be actuated twice or more for one single primary impulse.

On the other hand it is necessary to choose so large a time constant that the counting device is allowed to conclude a working period before the gaseous discharge in the valve II is stopped before the voltage of the connection I! has decreased so far that a second impulse, stored in a condenser l of another impulse generating means may actuate the discharge valve of the counting device and this with such short a time interval that the relay i6 is only actuated once for two or more impulses.

I claim:

1. Apparatus for registering the sum 01' separate source of impulses comprising, a condenser for each source of impulses, means for charging each condenser upon the occurrence of an impulse, a gaseous discharge device connected to each condenser, a circuit extending from said gaseous discharge devices, a resistor in said circuit for discharging each condenser through the respective gaseous discharge devices whereby the discharge through one of said gaseous discharge devices lowers the voltage across the other gaseous discharge devices, a gaseous tube having a grid, a second condenser connected to said grid and said circuit, an anode circuit for said gaseous tube, a coil in said anode circuit, and a switch actuated by said coil for opening and closing said anode circuit.

2. Apparatus for registering the sum of separate sources of impulses comprising, a condenser for each source of impulses, means for charging each condenser upon the occurrence of an impulse, means for limiting the time of charging each condenser, a gaseous discharge device connected to each condenser, a circuit extending from said gaseous discharge devices, a resistor in said circuit for discharging each condenser through the respective gaseous discharge devices whereby the discharge through one of said gaseous discharge devices lowers the voltage across the other gaseous discharge devices, a gaseous tube having a grid, a second condenser connected to said grid and said circuit, between the resistor and the gaseous discharge devices, an anode circuit for said gaseous tube, a coil in said anode circuit, and a switch actuated by said coil for opening and closing said anode circuit.

ERIK WALDEMAR HULLEGARD.

US303163A 1939-11-06 1939-11-06 Counting device with gaseous discharge valves Expired - Lifetime US2329048A (en)

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Cited By (21)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2442702A (en) * 1945-09-20 1948-06-01 Bell Telephone Labor Inc Selective signaling system
US2516361A (en) * 1945-08-21 1950-07-25 Gen Railway Signal Co Voice frequency signal device
US2534544A (en) * 1946-05-24 1950-12-19 Teleregister Corp Signal storage circuit
US2538028A (en) * 1947-06-24 1951-01-16 Sperry Corp Automatic gain-control system
US2543442A (en) * 1948-04-20 1951-02-27 Interchem Corp Electrical multiplying apparatus
US2557848A (en) * 1948-05-28 1951-06-19 Rca Corp Arc-back counter
US2557384A (en) * 1951-06-19 Totalizator
US2558178A (en) * 1948-11-13 1951-06-26 Northrop Aircraft Inc Glow tube counter
US2562931A (en) * 1946-01-21 1951-08-07 Int Standard Electric Corp Measuring device
US2584714A (en) * 1949-06-21 1952-02-05 Fed Products Corp Differential measuring gauge
US2607528A (en) * 1946-01-21 1952-08-19 Int Standard Electric Corp Electrical measuring circuits
US2619592A (en) * 1950-04-28 1952-11-25 Otis Elevator Co Call measuring apparatus
US2623172A (en) * 1946-06-05 1952-12-23 Bernardus P J Van Berkel Apparatus for actuating an alarm circuit
US2672556A (en) * 1950-09-26 1954-03-16 Robert B Leighton Electronic timing device
US2701301A (en) * 1948-05-21 1955-02-01 Int Standard Electric Corp Axle counting arrangement
US2752530A (en) * 1952-02-21 1956-06-26 Int Standard Electric Corp Impulse coincidence circuit
US2814027A (en) * 1956-06-04 1957-11-19 Haughton Elevator Company Elevator call measuring apparatus
US2892101A (en) * 1956-04-25 1959-06-23 Westinghouse Electric Corp Transistor time delay circuit
US2960687A (en) * 1948-10-27 1960-11-15 Gerson H Robison Coincidence occurrence indicator
DE1294053B (en) * 1962-12-05 1969-04-30 Siemens Ag Means for converting the output voltage of a two-fed isofrequency Wechselspannungsgroessen Hall multiplier into a pulse train having the same significance
US4139849A (en) * 1954-09-03 1979-02-13 The United States Of America As Represented By The Secretary Of The Army Doppler fuzing system having a high resistance to noise and jamming

Cited By (21)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2557384A (en) * 1951-06-19 Totalizator
US2516361A (en) * 1945-08-21 1950-07-25 Gen Railway Signal Co Voice frequency signal device
US2442702A (en) * 1945-09-20 1948-06-01 Bell Telephone Labor Inc Selective signaling system
US2562931A (en) * 1946-01-21 1951-08-07 Int Standard Electric Corp Measuring device
US2607528A (en) * 1946-01-21 1952-08-19 Int Standard Electric Corp Electrical measuring circuits
US2534544A (en) * 1946-05-24 1950-12-19 Teleregister Corp Signal storage circuit
US2623172A (en) * 1946-06-05 1952-12-23 Bernardus P J Van Berkel Apparatus for actuating an alarm circuit
US2538028A (en) * 1947-06-24 1951-01-16 Sperry Corp Automatic gain-control system
US2543442A (en) * 1948-04-20 1951-02-27 Interchem Corp Electrical multiplying apparatus
US2701301A (en) * 1948-05-21 1955-02-01 Int Standard Electric Corp Axle counting arrangement
US2557848A (en) * 1948-05-28 1951-06-19 Rca Corp Arc-back counter
US2960687A (en) * 1948-10-27 1960-11-15 Gerson H Robison Coincidence occurrence indicator
US2558178A (en) * 1948-11-13 1951-06-26 Northrop Aircraft Inc Glow tube counter
US2584714A (en) * 1949-06-21 1952-02-05 Fed Products Corp Differential measuring gauge
US2619592A (en) * 1950-04-28 1952-11-25 Otis Elevator Co Call measuring apparatus
US2672556A (en) * 1950-09-26 1954-03-16 Robert B Leighton Electronic timing device
US2752530A (en) * 1952-02-21 1956-06-26 Int Standard Electric Corp Impulse coincidence circuit
US4139849A (en) * 1954-09-03 1979-02-13 The United States Of America As Represented By The Secretary Of The Army Doppler fuzing system having a high resistance to noise and jamming
US2892101A (en) * 1956-04-25 1959-06-23 Westinghouse Electric Corp Transistor time delay circuit
US2814027A (en) * 1956-06-04 1957-11-19 Haughton Elevator Company Elevator call measuring apparatus
DE1294053B (en) * 1962-12-05 1969-04-30 Siemens Ag Means for converting the output voltage of a two-fed isofrequency Wechselspannungsgroessen Hall multiplier into a pulse train having the same significance

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