US2284320A - Hinge guard - Google Patents

Hinge guard Download PDF

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Publication number
US2284320A
US2284320A US300697A US30069739A US2284320A US 2284320 A US2284320 A US 2284320A US 300697 A US300697 A US 300697A US 30069739 A US30069739 A US 30069739A US 2284320 A US2284320 A US 2284320A
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US
United States
Prior art keywords
door
hinge
guard
arm
opening
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
US300697A
Inventor
Earl E Howe
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Earl E Howe
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Publication date
Application filed by Earl E Howe filed Critical Earl E Howe
Priority to US300697A priority Critical patent/US2284320A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of US2284320A publication Critical patent/US2284320A/en
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Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical Current

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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E06DOORS, WINDOWS, SHUTTERS, OR ROLLER BLINDS IN GENERAL; LADDERS
    • E06BFIXED OR MOVABLE CLOSURES FOR OPENINGS IN BUILDINGS, VEHICLES, FENCES OR LIKE ENCLOSURES IN GENERAL, e.g. DOORS, WINDOWS, BLINDS, GATES
    • E06B7/00Special arrangements or measures in connection with doors or windows
    • E06B7/28Other arrangements on doors or windows, e.g. door-plates, windows adapted to carry plants, hooks for window cleaners
    • E06B7/36Finger guards or other measures preventing harmful access between the door and the door frame
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60JWINDOWS, WINDSCREENS, NON-FIXED ROOFS, DOORS, OR SIMILAR DEVICES FOR VEHICLES; REMOVABLE EXTERNAL PROTECTIVE COVERINGS SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR VEHICLES
    • B60J5/00Doors
    • B60J5/04Doors arranged at the vehicle sides
    • B60J5/0493Appurtenances
    • B60J5/0495Finger guards
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E05LOCKS; KEYS; WINDOW OR DOOR FITTINGS; SAFES
    • E05DHINGES OR OTHER SUSPENSION DEVICES FOR DOORS, WINDOWS OR WINGS
    • E05D5/00Construction of single parts, e.g. the parts for attachment
    • E05D5/02Parts for attachment, e.g. flaps
    • E05D5/06Bent flaps
    • E05D5/062Bent flaps specially adapted for vehicles
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E05LOCKS; KEYS; WINDOW OR DOOR FITTINGS; SAFES
    • E05DHINGES OR OTHER SUSPENSION DEVICES FOR DOORS, WINDOWS OR WINGS
    • E05D5/00Construction of single parts, e.g. the parts for attachment
    • E05D5/02Parts for attachment, e.g. flaps
    • E05D5/06Bent flaps
    • E05D2005/067Bent flaps gooseneck shaped
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E05LOCKS; KEYS; WINDOW OR DOOR FITTINGS; SAFES
    • E05YINDEXING SCHEME RELATING TO HINGES OR OTHER SUSPENSION DEVICES FOR DOORS, WINDOWS OR WINGS AND DEVICES FOR MOVING WINGS INTO OPEN OR CLOSED POSITION, CHECKS FOR WINGS AND WING FITTINGS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR, CONCERNED WITH THE FUNCTIONING OF THE WING
    • E05Y2900/00Application of doors, windows, wings or fittings thereof
    • E05Y2900/50Application of doors, windows, wings or fittings thereof for vehicles
    • E05Y2900/53Application of doors, windows, wings or fittings thereof for vehicles characterised by the type of wing
    • E05Y2900/531Doors
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T16/00Miscellaneous hardware [e.g., bushing, carpet fastener, caster, door closer, panel hanger, attachable or adjunct handle, hinge, window sash balance, etc.]
    • Y10T16/52Hinge
    • Y10T16/533Hinge having cover

Description

y 1942- E. E; HOWE 2,284,320

HINGE GUARD Fil ed Oct. 23, 19:59

' ATTORNEY.

Patented May 26, 1942 g 3 UNITED: STATES PATENT OFFICE" HINGEIGUARD I V Earl E. Howe, Royal Oak, Mich.

.ApplicationOctober 23, 1939, Serial No. 300,697

1 Claim.

completely conceal such hinges when the door which theysupport is open.

In my prior applications Serial No. 200,907, filed. April 2, 1938, and Serial No. 249,866, filed January 9, 1939, which have matured into Patents Nos. 2,228,876 and 2,201,490 respectively, I have disclosed hinge'and body constructions similar to the construction with which this, invention is concerned. Such constructions include a door frame having a well or'recess in the edge which the door butts, and the hinge has a plate member mounted on the bottom wall of this well or recess. Supported by the plate member, for swinging movement about an axis located in close proximity to the bottom of the Well or recess, is a bent arm which extends through the mouth of the well or recess. The door is mounted on the outer end of the arm and because the axis of swinging movement of the arm is spaced inwardly of the door frame from the plane of the butting door and frame members the resulting swinging movement is such that the door clears the frame during opening or closing movement.

When the door is closed the well or recessis .covered and concealed, of course, but when the pants to brush the same, which of course is undesirable, and when the door is moved with clothing or other foreign articles in the well or recess the hinge becomes distorted so that the door does not hang or swing properly.

The main object of this invention, more specifically stated, is to provide guard means for closing or covering the mouth of the well or recess when the door is in its open position, to thereby overcome the objections above mentioned.

Another object is to teach alternative formations of the guard means. In this respect the invention teaches the formation of a guard which may be directly mounted on one of the moving parts of the hinge for movement into and out of the opening incident to opening and closing and a reinforcing member 5.

of the hinge, and also teaches the formation of aguard so constructed that it may swing into or out of the opening according to-the position of the hinge, and as a result'of contact of a moving hinge part therewith. The lastmentioned guard has an "added'advantage in that it may be swung aside to permit lubricating of the hinge.

Another object is to provide guard means which functions to limit winging movement of the door. 7

Other objects and advantages will become more fully apparent as reference is had to the accom panying drawing wherein my invention is illustrated, and in which:

Fig- 1 is a horizontal cross section of a frag ment of an automobile body and door, illustrating a hinge equipped with a guard,

Fig. 2 is a similar section, with the door in its open position,

Fig. 3 is a section, similar to Fig. 2, illustrating an alternative form of guard, and

Fig. 4 is a fragmental section illustrating a guard which functions also as a door check.

More particularly, l designates a hollow door pillar of an automobile body, the pillar having I an opening 2 in the edge thereof providing an entrance to the interior of the pillar. Spaced inwardly from the edge of the pillar in which the opening 2 is formed is a hinge supporting plate 3. The sides of the pillar and the plate 3 form a well or recess for the reception of the hinge parts.

The hinge comprises a main plate member 6 secured to the supporting plate 3 by screws 4 The plate member 6 supports a hinge pintle 1, arranged in close proximity to one edge thereof, and thereby disposed in close proximity to the supporting plate 3 which constitutes the bottom wall of the well or recess. Swingably supported on the pintle l is an arm 8 which extends outwardly through the opening 2. The door 9 is mounted on the outer end of the arm 8.

The arm 8 is of the hook-arm type, or, in other words, is so bent that when the door is closed one portion of the arm lies substantially parallel to or in close proximity with the plate member 6 while the portion It) extends at almost a right angle thereto and outwardly through the opening 2. The length of the first mentioned portion, which is immediately adjacent the hinge pintle l, is such thatwhen the door is swung from a closed position to an open position the portion 18 passes entirely through the opening 2. When the door is closed the arm portion Hi resides in close proximity to the edge H of the opening 2 and when the door is opened the portion l clears the edge l2 of the'opening 2. r

This formation and mounting of the hinge causes the door to swing clear of thepillar I when it; is moved to its open position. 7

With a hinge and body construction such as above described, movement of the hinge arm 8 to' a position supporting the door in an open position results in an open space between the edge H and the arm 8. This invention provides a guard for closing this space. V

The guard as shown in Figs. 1 and 2 comprises a plate having one portion [3 thereof secured to the outer face of the arm portion H! by screws l4, one of which is'shown, and having another portion l5 projecting inwardly into the pillar I.

To accommodate the projecting portion l5 the supporting plate 3 is bent to form a suitable When the door is closed the pro-' recess I6. jecting portion [5 ishoused in the pillar l and the recess 16 and when the door is opened the arm 8 carries the porti n lS into the opening Z, as illustrated in Fig; 2. a In Fig. 3 the guard H is composed of. a fiexi-' ble member mounted on the marginal edge I20, of the opening 2a and is adapted tobe swung or brushed aside through contact of the hinge arm 8a therewithl That is; the guard I! normally moves to a position closing the opening 2a when the door is open, and may be flexed to permit the bent arm 8a to enterthe pillar well or be hooked over the marginal edge [2a to retain itself thereon.

The guard l1, although flexible, prevents accidental insertion of fingers into the well or recess, and also guards against insertion of foreign elements or contact of clothing therewith. It may be forced backwardly, however, to enable access to the hinge for lubricating the same.

Fig. 4 illustrates a guard l9, similar to that shown in Figs. 1 and 2, having a hook formation adapted toengage the hook shaped marginal edge lZb of the opening 217. The guard, in this case, has the added function of operating as a ,door check, or in other words, it functions to limit swinging movement of the door.

What is claimed is: A hinge guard for use in an assembly wherein a hinge having a bent arm is mounted in a pillar recess in such manner that one portion of the arm is swung to one side of the mouth of said recess and a second portion is swung to a position substantially parallel to the face of the pillar, said guard comprising a sheet metal plate having'one end portion adapted to be attached to said second portion of said arm and'another free end portion adapted to extend outwardly in the nature of a substantially smooth continuation of said second arm portion,'said free end portion of the plate being of a length such as to substantially completely cover the mouth of the openingwhen the second arm portion is substantially parallel to thefaceof the pillar, said free end portion terminating in a hook adapted to engage apportion of the pillar to check swingingmovement of the arm. a 7

l HOWE.

US300697A 1939-10-23 1939-10-23 Hinge guard Expired - Lifetime US2284320A (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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US2284320A true US2284320A (en) 1942-05-26

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Cited By (18)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2557716A (en) * 1945-12-07 1951-06-19 Moynahan Bronze Company Safety hinge
US2616757A (en) * 1946-11-23 1952-11-04 Briggs Mfg Co Automobile body front pillar and fender mounting means
US2681245A (en) * 1950-04-15 1954-06-15 John W J Ackermans Frictional floating mechanism for door mounting and retaining and the like
US2810153A (en) * 1953-03-30 1957-10-22 Gen Motors Corp Torque rod door counterbalance
US2812539A (en) * 1953-05-07 1957-11-12 Weber Knapp Co Hinge
US2893050A (en) * 1954-10-21 1959-07-07 Mckinney Mfg Co Motor vehicle door hinge
US4366598A (en) * 1979-02-27 1983-01-04 Toyo Kogyo Co., Ltd. Hinge structure
US5075928A (en) * 1990-08-17 1991-12-31 The Stanley Works Concealed architectural hinge assembly
US5544595A (en) * 1994-05-05 1996-08-13 Spec International Inc. Security hinge for gaming device
US6141909A (en) * 1997-06-11 2000-11-07 Kreger-Hanson, Incorporated Safety guards for door jambs
US6257154B1 (en) * 1996-02-05 2001-07-10 Algonquin Industries, Inc. Cabinet having a lock assembly
US20030205001A1 (en) * 2002-05-03 2003-11-06 Williams Wendy Christman Fastened door gap cover and technique for covering the gap between open door and door frame on hinge side of door
SG161128A1 (en) * 2008-09-25 2010-05-27 Khan Than Thin Concealed door hinge and method of installing the concealed door hinge
US20110094057A1 (en) * 2009-10-27 2011-04-28 Duffy Niall J Finger-safe door
US20120227327A1 (en) * 2008-09-26 2012-09-13 Ahmed Sabar Safety device against accidents when closing doors and windows
US20130234573A1 (en) * 2012-03-08 2013-09-12 General Electric Company Appliance with a bracket for supporting a hinge
EP1871966B1 (en) * 2005-04-11 2016-05-11 Renault S.A.S. Aesthetic articulating device for motor vehicle
US20170137989A1 (en) * 2014-03-28 2017-05-18 Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd. Drum washing machine

Cited By (21)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2557716A (en) * 1945-12-07 1951-06-19 Moynahan Bronze Company Safety hinge
US2616757A (en) * 1946-11-23 1952-11-04 Briggs Mfg Co Automobile body front pillar and fender mounting means
US2681245A (en) * 1950-04-15 1954-06-15 John W J Ackermans Frictional floating mechanism for door mounting and retaining and the like
US2810153A (en) * 1953-03-30 1957-10-22 Gen Motors Corp Torque rod door counterbalance
US2812539A (en) * 1953-05-07 1957-11-12 Weber Knapp Co Hinge
US2893050A (en) * 1954-10-21 1959-07-07 Mckinney Mfg Co Motor vehicle door hinge
US4366598A (en) * 1979-02-27 1983-01-04 Toyo Kogyo Co., Ltd. Hinge structure
US5075928A (en) * 1990-08-17 1991-12-31 The Stanley Works Concealed architectural hinge assembly
US5544595A (en) * 1994-05-05 1996-08-13 Spec International Inc. Security hinge for gaming device
US6257154B1 (en) * 1996-02-05 2001-07-10 Algonquin Industries, Inc. Cabinet having a lock assembly
US6141909A (en) * 1997-06-11 2000-11-07 Kreger-Hanson, Incorporated Safety guards for door jambs
US20030205001A1 (en) * 2002-05-03 2003-11-06 Williams Wendy Christman Fastened door gap cover and technique for covering the gap between open door and door frame on hinge side of door
EP1871966B1 (en) * 2005-04-11 2016-05-11 Renault S.A.S. Aesthetic articulating device for motor vehicle
SG161128A1 (en) * 2008-09-25 2010-05-27 Khan Than Thin Concealed door hinge and method of installing the concealed door hinge
US20120227327A1 (en) * 2008-09-26 2012-09-13 Ahmed Sabar Safety device against accidents when closing doors and windows
US20110094057A1 (en) * 2009-10-27 2011-04-28 Duffy Niall J Finger-safe door
US8752245B2 (en) * 2009-10-27 2014-06-17 Niall J. Duffy Finger-safe door
US20130234573A1 (en) * 2012-03-08 2013-09-12 General Electric Company Appliance with a bracket for supporting a hinge
US8857928B2 (en) * 2012-03-08 2014-10-14 General Electric Company Appliance with a bracket for supporting a hinge
US20170137989A1 (en) * 2014-03-28 2017-05-18 Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd. Drum washing machine
US10450691B2 (en) * 2014-03-28 2019-10-22 Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd. Drum washing machine

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