US2278410A - Telephone system - Google Patents

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US2278410A
US2278410A US360218A US36021840A US2278410A US 2278410 A US2278410 A US 2278410A US 360218 A US360218 A US 360218A US 36021840 A US36021840 A US 36021840A US 2278410 A US2278410 A US 2278410A
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relay
station
relays
contact
line
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US360218A
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Henry M Bascom
Langford J Bowne
Neil Y Priessman
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AT&T Corp
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Bell Telephone Laboratories Inc
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    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04MTELEPHONIC COMMUNICATION
    • H04M1/00Substation equipment, e.g. for use by subscribers
    • H04M1/26Devices for calling a subscriber
    • H04M1/27Devices whereby a plurality of signals may be stored simultaneously
    • H04M1/274Devices whereby a plurality of signals may be stored simultaneously with provision for storing more than one subscriber number at a time, e.g. using toothed disc

Description

April 7, 1942. H. M. .BASCOM ET AL 2,273,410
TELEPHONE SYSTEM Filed Oct. 8, 1940 4 Sheets-Sheet 1 FIG-IA MM. 84 scoa) INVEN TORS-LJ BOWNE MlfPR/ESSMAN A TTORNEV April 7, 1942.
H. M; AscoM ET AL TELEPHONE SYSTEM Filed Oct. 8, 1940 4 Sheets-Sheet 2 .H-MBASCOM INVENTORSIL. J. BOWNE MKPRIESSMA/V A T TORNE V p l 7, 1942. H. M. BASCOM ET AL 2,273,410
TELEPHONE SYSTEM Filed 001;. 8, 1940 4 Sheets-Sheet 3 F/GJ I H. M BA 5 COM //V VE N TORSTL. J. BOWNE ATTORNEY M I. PRIESSMAN Patented Apr. 7, 1942 UNETED STATES PATENT OFFICE 2,27a41'0 TELEPHONE. SYSTEM Henry Ml Bascorn, firooklyn', and Langford Bowne, Howard Beach, N. Y., and Neil .Y.
Priessma'n,
Maplwood, N. J., assignors to Bell Telephone Laboratories, Incorporated, New York, N. Y., a corporation of New York Application October 8, 1940, Serial No. 360,218 14 Claims. (01. 179-42) This invention relates generally to. telephone systems and particularly to direct access keying systems.
A direct access keying system may be suitably defined as a telephone system wherein direct access to any of a plurality of frequently called subordinate lines may behad at an executive or primary station by the simple actuation of a key individually assigned to the particular subordinate line or station with which telephonic connection is desired.
It is the object of this invention to provide an improved system of this character wherein any of a plurality of subordinate or secondary lines is rendered selectivelyaccessible to a subscriber at an executive or main station over the regular private branch exchange extension line by a single key operation.
This object is attained in accordance with a feature of the invention by the provision of a highly sensitive and novel selecting circuit involving two groups of selecting relays, each group adapted to be controlled over a' single line wire extending from the main station, and in the use of series and shunt connected varistors, or rectifiers, which render the selecting: relays selectively responsive to currents of different polarities transmitted over either or both of the line wires. The polarity of the current transmitted, and the line wire or wires utilized for such transmission are determined by means of a keying device located at the executive station which functions to connect oppositely poled rectifiers, singly or in combinations, to either or both of "the line wires. The selecting relays respond singly or in combinations, depending upon the direction of the current transmitted over either or both of the line wires to cause the connection of a particular subordinate line to the calling executive station.
Another feature of the invention contemplates placing the transmission of the unidirectional currents under the joint control of the selecting keys and the receiver svvitchhook contacts at the primary station, thus eliminating the possibility of signaling the subordinate stations when the selecting keys are inadvertently or otherwise accidentally actuated.
A further feature of the invention resides in the use of means which function to prevent the completion of a connection to a called subordinate station until the keying device, which is actuated to effect the selection of the desired station, has been restored to its unactuated position.
These and other features of theinvention will be readily understood fromthe following detailed description made withv reference to the accompanying drawings in which:
Fig. 1 is a diagrammatic representation of an executives substation equipment including the polarity selecting'keys by which any of a. plu-, rality of subordinate stations may be selectively signaled;
h Fig. 1A illustrates an alternative keying. arrangement whereby the same. number of selections, possible with the keying arrangement of Fig. l are effected with fewer keys;
Figs. 2 and 3 when placed side by side and to the left of either Figs. 1 or 1.'A, completethe circuit arrangement involving the features of thepresent invention;
Fig. 4 is a fifteen-button telephone handset which may be employed at the executive station;
and Fig. 5 is a table illustrating the contact oper. ations and consequent relay operations effected by the actuation of each of the keys with which the primary station is equipped.
, The following. description is directed. to the operation of the system in extending calls from the primary station B, Fig. 1, to any of a plurality of subordinate stations indicated in Fig. 3, or to a private branch exchange .by way of the line L.
Before entering into a description of the actual switching operations which take place in initiating a call from station B to. any of the subordinate stationS,, a brief description will be made of the fundamental control or selecting circurt. This circuit-comprises two wires 10 and H which extend .in parallel fromthe innermost front contactsof relay l2 to oneof the .input terminals of theiull wave rectifier I 3,,by Way ofthe operatingwindings of ,selecting relays 44,15, It and I'Lthe relays; l4 and, I5. constituting one group in parallel with the other group made up of relays I 6' and H. Starting at the point 18, it will benoted that a path for the positive half cycles originated at the, source 19 passes through the positively poled rectifiers 20 and}! which are connected by lead. I06, and thence to the wire it by wayof the operating windingof relay I4. Rectifier 22, which is negatively poled, is connected in; shunt withxthe operating winding of; relay L4 and rectifier. 2|. A path for the negative half cycles extends from the point i8, through the operating: winding of relay I 5 and thence to the wire l0, by way ofthe negatively poled rectifiers' 23 and 22, which are connected by lead I06. The positively poled rectifier 20 shunts the operating winding of relay I and its serially connected rectifier 23. When relay I2 operates, as will be explained hereinafter, the wire I8 is connected to the tip conductor 25 of line C extending to the substation B. Obviously, therefore, when such connection is made, relays I4 and IE will selectively respond to the transmission of positive and negative impulses, respectively, transmitted over the tip conductor 25 of line C.
passes through the positively poled rectifiers 26 and 21, which are interconnected by lead I01, and thence to the wire I I by way of the operating Winding of relay II. The negatively poled rectifier 28 is connected in shunt with the operating Winding of relay I1 and its serially connected positively poled rectifier 21. A second circuit also extends from the point I8, by way of the operating winding of relay I6 and the serially connected, negatively poled, rectifiers 29 and 28, which are interconnected by lead I07, to the wire I I. The positively poled rectifier 26 is connected in shunt with the operating Winding of relay I6 and its serially connected rectifier 29. When relay I2 operates, the wire II is connected to the ring conductor 9 of line C extending to the substation B so that, when such connection is made, relays I6 and II will selectively respond to the negative and positive transmitted over the ring conductor of line C.
At the executive station B there is provided a key-set, indicated in Fig. 4, which comprises fifteen buttons or keys. The structural features of this device do not constitute a part of the present invention and therefore have not been illustrated. Sufiice it to say that the buttons of this key-set control the spring contacts a, b, c, d, e and ,f in such a manner that contact e is closed and contact 3 is opened whenever any one of the fifteen buttons is actuated and that contacts a, b, c and d are closed singly or in combinations in accordance with the operation of the fifteen buttons and in a manner indicated by the table illustrated in Fig. 5. contact a; button No. 2 closes contact 17; button No. 3 closes contacts a and b; button No. 4 closes contact a; button No. 5 closes contacts 0 and a; button No. 6 closes contacts 0 and b; button No.
7 closes contacts 0, a and 1); button No. 8 closes contact d; button No. 9 closes contacts d and a; button No. 10 closes contacts d and 1); button No. 11 closes contacts 11, a and b; button N o. 12 closes contacts d and 0; button No. 13 closes contacts 12, c and a; button No. 14 closes contacts 11, c and b; and button No. 15 closes contacts a, b, c and d. The contacts a and b, when closed, connect the positively and negatively poled rectifiers 3|] and 3|, respectively, to the tip conductor of line C, whereas the contacts 0 and d, when closed, connect the negatively and positively poled rectifiers 32 and 33, respectively, to the ring conductor 9 of line C. The contact h is part of the switchhook pile-up at station B and is closed whenever the receiver at station B is removed from its support to furnish ground to the rectifier spring contacts a, b, c and d. Contact is opened by the operation of any key before contact e closes to remove the station bridge in order to separate the two leads during the signaling period.
When contact a is closed the positive half cycles generated at I9 traverse the tip conductor 25 from the wire II] to ground by way of the spring contacts e and h; when contact b is closed the negative half cycles generated at I9 traverse impulses, respectively,
That is, button No. 1 closes the tip conductor 25 from the wire II) to ground by Way of the spring contacts e and h; when contact c is closed the negativehalf cycles from source I9 traverse the ring conductor 9 of line C to ground by way of contacts e and h; and when contact at is closed the positive half cycles from source I9 traverse the ring conductor 9 of line C to ground by way of contacts e and h.
From the foregoing brief description it is apparent that the subscriber at station B can cause In similar manner, a path from the point I8 to be transmitted over either or both the tip and ring conductors of line C, positive and negative impulses, singly and in combinations, to cause the selective operation of relays I4, I5, I6 and I'I,
singly and in combinations.
It will be assumed that the subscriber at executive station B desires to communicate with the subscriber at station III represented by the block in Fig. 3. Key No. 3 at station B will be actuated after the receiver thereat is removed from its support. As hereinbefore indicated, the actuation of key or button No. 3 results in the closure of contacts a and b as well as of contact e, and the opening of contact f. Contact I opened, removes the station subset from the line, and contact h, controlled by the receiver switchhook, connects ground to the various rectifiers 30, 3|, 32 and 33.
With the receiver at station B removed from its switchhook, and prior to the actuation of key No. 3, a circuit for operating relay 4| is established which may be traced from grounded battery, winding of relay 4|, armature and back contact of relay 42, back contact and outer lower armature of relay 44, back contact and lower armature of relay I2, back contact and inner lower armature of relay 43, ring conductor 9 of line C, through the closed substation loop, normal contact f, tip conductor 25 of line C, upper armature and back contact of relay 43, inner upper armature and back contact of relay I2 to ground, by way of the outer upper armature and back contact of relay 44. Relay 4|, operated, establishes an obvious circuit for relay 45 which, when operated, connects ground to the lead 46 of private branch exchange line L, marking this line busy at the associated private branch exchange. Relay 4|, operated, locks to ground at the inner lower armature and back contact of relay 44.
Relay I2 now operates in a circuit extending from grounded battery, winding of relay I2, conductor 41, contacts 48 of relay 4|, conductor 49, outer left armature and back contact of relay I], back contacts and outermost right armatures of relays I4, I5 and I6, conductor 50, to ground at the lower armature and front contact of relay 45.
At its outer upper armature, relay l2 removes battery from lead 5| which is included in the operating circuits for relays 52 to 59, inclusive, and IflI, so that these relays will not operate to extend a call to their associated subordinate stations until the keying device employed to make a selection is operated and released, as will be more fully described hereinafter.
At its inner upper armature and lower armature, relay I2 interrupts the continuity of the tip and ring conductors extending to the subordinate stations, and connects the leads Ill and II to the tip and ring conductors 25 and 9, respectively, extending to the executive station B, so that the selecting relays I4, I5, I6 and II, which are associated with the leads I0 and II, are now prepared for selective operation under control of the key-set at the executive station.
erated. In releasing its lower armature relay 40' The operation of any of the fifteen stationselecting keys at the-executive station causes the closure ofone or more of the spring contacts a, b, c and 01 so that whenever any such key is operated to effect the transmission of either or both positive and negative impulses from the source H) and its associated full-wave rectifier I3, over either or both the tip and ring conductors 25and- 9, relay 40 will operate. At its lower armature relay 40- removes ground from the winding of relay 42- to insure the non-operation of this relay until the selecting key at the calling station is restored. With relay 42- maintained in its re--- leased condition, relay 4| is held locked to ground at the back contact and inner lower armature of relay 44, and with relay 4i and relay 40 operated, an operating circuit for relay I2 is maintained to ground at the lower armature and front contact of relay 45. Thus it is that battery is removed from the conductor 51 to prevent relays 52 to 59, inclusive, from operating until the actuated selecting key at the calling station isrestored.
With key 3 operated, contact is open and contacts a and b are closed, as are contacts a and h, the last being controlled by the receiver switchhook contacts. a and b connects the tip rectifiers til-and 31, respectively, to ground, thus completing a transmission path for, both positive and negative half cycles originated at the source l9. Selecting relays M and I'accordingly operate. The path in which relay M' operates extends from the source if), full-wave rectifier l3 and relay 40, positive poled rectifiers and 2|, operating winding of relay ld', conductor 10, front contact and inner upper armature of relay l2, back contact and upper armature of relay 43, tip conductor of line C, positive poled rectifier 30, closed contacts a, e and h, to ground. The circuit in which relay l5-operates extends from source 19, rectifier l3, relay 45, operating Winding of relay l5, negative poled rectifiers 2'3 and 22, conductor [0, front contact and inner upper armature of relay l2, back contact and upper armature of, relay 43, tip conductor 25 of linev C, negative poled rectifier 3], contacts b, e and h to ground; Thus when key or button No. 3 is actuated, both relays l4 and l5v operate, the former on positive impulses generated at l9, and the latter on negative impulses from the same source.
Relays l4 and i5 lock operated in a circuit extending, from grounded batteries, the left windings, front contacts and inner left armatures of relays l4 and [5 in parallel, conductor fill, back contact and'inner lower armature of relay 61, to ground by way of the lower armature and front contact of relay 45.. A circuit for relay 54 is now partially completed, extending from ground, front contact and lower armature of relay 45, conductor 50, outermost right armature and back contact of relay l6, outermost right armature and front contact of. relay l5, innermost right armature andfront contact of relay I4, winding of relay 54, conductor 5| to the open back contact of the outer upper armature of relay l2. Obviously, relay 54" does not operate until relay l2 restores itsarmatures and connects battery to the conductor 5|. The release of relay [2 occurswhen key No. 3 at the executive station is restoredto normal. When this is done, contacts a, b and e are opened and contact 1 closed. The opening of contacts a, b and e opens the circuit for the transmission of the positive and negative impulses from source l9, so that relay 40 is no longer op- The closure of spring contacts completes an operatingcircuit for relay 42 extending from grounded battery, winding of relay 42, contacts of relay 41-, back contact and lower armature of relay 45 to ground. Relay 42 operates and opens the locking circuit for relay 41, which relay when released, opens the operating circuit for relay l2: Battery associated with theouter upper armature of relay I2 isnow connected to the lead' 5t, thus completing the op-- erating' circuit to relay 54;
At its outermostr-ight armature and front contact, relay 54 establishes an obvious operating circuit for relay 44 At its'outermost left armature and front contact, relay 54 completes a locking circuit to' ground at the lower armature and front contact of relay 45', by way of conductors 66*and 53. It will be understood that relay 45, beingslow-to-release, does not" restore its armatures immediatelyupon" the release of" relay 4' l At-its other three lef-t' armatures, relay 5d completesthe line connections to the station- III.
When relay- 44 operated, asdescribed above, the line-conductcrs are extended tothe calling station B; and since the substation loop is completed Withthe receiver removed from its support, relay 68* operates in an obvious circuit. .Atits armatureand front contact, relay 6 8 establishes an obvious operating circuit for relay 6i.
At its inner upper'armature relay 6 lcompletes an operating circuit for relay 45'- which, therefore,- remains operate'd. At its-inner lower armature and back contact, relay 5| opens the locking circuit to-relays l4- and I5; which relays restoretheir armatures. At its outer'lower armature relay H completes a-circuit for ringing relay 73" extending" from grounded battery, winding of relay 13'; back contact and outer armature of relay Mi back contact and innerupper armature of" relay 15, front contact and outer lower armature of relay 6|, back contact and lower armature of relay 16- to ground by way of the lower armature and front contact of relay 45. Relay "M is" included in this circuit in parallel with relay*l3a Relay14-is-aslow'operating relay since;
due'to the capacity of condenser 11, it permits current" to How in both windings which, at this time, are differentially connected. When the condenser-charges to a certain potential which will beopposing the operating potential, the current in the lower winding will be lowered to such a value as to permit the current in the upper winding to operate the relay. When the operating circuit to the relay is opened, the condenser is connected in the circuit to cause the relay to hold operated until the condenser'discharge is enough to releas the relay. At this time the windings of the relay will be series aiding. When relay 14 operates, the relay 13 releases. Relays l4- and 13 continue to operate and release until the called party at station III answers.
When relay 13' operates, battery at its front contact and inner upper armature is connected to the lead 18 extending to station III which causesa lamp signal corresponding to lamp 19 associated with station VIII to be lighted.
When relay 44 operated it connected the alternating current source 10 to the tube H which fires; and since one of the electrodes thereof is connected to the ringside of the line by way of the front contact and inner lower armature of relay I3 and condenser 80, an audible ringing signal is received at the executive station B.
Relay 13 in operating also connects the alternating current *source 8 I to the" called station III so that the ringer (if used) associated with that line is operated as an audible call signal.
When the called party answers, relay 83 operates over the closed called station line loop. Relay 83 operates only during the silent period of the ringing cycle. Cut-off relay 16 now operates in a circuit extending from grounded battery, winding of relay 16, front contact and outer upper armature of relay BI, conductor 84, front contact and armature of relay 83, normal makebefore-break contacts of relay I5, to ground by way of th lower armature and front contact of relay 45. Relay 16 stops the relay 14 functioning and prevents relay 13 from reoperating. Relay I6 locks operated under control of relay 45, opens the circuit to relay I5 and opens the 60- cycle ringing circuit from tube II. The circuit is now in condition for talking, relays 68, BI,
45, 44, 83, I6 and 54 being operated.
The connection is held under control of the calling station B. When the handset thereat is replaced on its mounting at the completion of conversation, relay 68 will restore its armature, thus releasing relay BI, which in turn releases relay 45. Release of relay 45 causes relays 16 and 54 to release. Release of relay 54 releases relay 44 and also relay 83 if the called station has not disconnected. Thus the circuit is restored to normal.
If the handset at station B is replaced on its mounting before key No. 3, or any other similar key is operated, relay 42 will operate after an approximate six-second interval. Relay 42 operated, releases relay M which releases relay I2 and also relay 42, to restore the circuit to normal.
If the called station III is busy, relay 83 will operate immediately upon the operation of relay 54. The operation of relay 83 causes relay to operate in a circuit which may be traced from grounded battery, winding of relay I5, outer upper armature and back contact of relay 18, back contact and outer upper armature of relay BI, conductor 84, front contact and armature of relay 83, normal make-before-break contacts of relay I5, to ground at the lower armature and front contact of relay 45. Relay I5 operated, causes relays 90, 9| and 92 to operate to cause an interrupted busy tone to be sent to the executive station B and prevent ringing current from being connected to the called line by opening the circuit to relay 13.
In Fig. 3 the subordinate stations are identified by the Roman numerals I to XIV, inclusive, the tip and ring conductors, which may be connected to station XV, not disclosed, being shown as loose conductors. This has been done for the purpose of indicating that at least one of the keys at the executive station may be employed for obtaining direct access to a private branch ex change or central office trunk, such as indicated at L, Fig. 2. Assuming such provision is made, key P. B. X. could be assigned to the trunk L and when actuated, subsequent to the removal of the receiver from its support at station B, spring contacts a, o, c and 11 would be closed in accordance with the table shown in Fig. 4. lfhe closure of contact a connects the positive poled tip rectifier to ground by way of contacts a, e and h, the last being closed when the receiver at station B is removed from its support. Contact b connects the negative poled rectifier 3I to the tip side of the line; contact 0 connects the negative poled rectifier 32 to the ring side of the line; and contact d connects the positive poled rectifier 33 to the ring side of the line. Both positive and negative impulses therefor traverse the tip and ring conductors 25 and 9 of line C, and conductors I8 and II, to be selectively transmitted through the operating windings of relays I4, I5, I6 and I! from the source I9. Relay I4 responds to positive impulses transmitted over the tip conductor; relay I5, to negative impulses over the tip conductor; relay I6, to negative impulses over the ring conductor; and relay II, to positive impulses transmitted over the ring conductor. Relays I4, I5, I6 and I7, operated, lock under control of relays BI and 45. Relays I4, I5 and I6 cooperate in preparing an operating circuit for relay 58 which may be traced from ground, front contact and lower armature of relay 45, conductor 50, outer left armatures and front contacts of relays I4 and I5, front contact and outermost left armature of relay I6, winding of relay 58, and thence to the open outer upper armature contact of relay I2. Relay IIlI also is prepared for operation by the operation of relay I'I. When relay I2 restores its armatures in the manner hereinbefore described, battery is connected to the outer upper back contact of relay I2 to complete the operating circuits for relays 58 and I0 I Relay Ifll in operating locks under control of relay 4 5. At its outer upper and lower armatures, relay IEH transfers the tip and ring conductors of the extension line from the left armatures of relays 52 to 58, inclusive, to the right armatures thereof. With relay 58 operated, an obvious circuit under control of relay 13 is completed for relay 43, which relay in operating locks by way of its upper winding to ground on the lead I00, and at its upper and inner lower armatures transfers the line C from the extension line to the direct trunk L to the private branch exchange. Thus the executive station B may have direct access, not only to a plurality of subordinate stations but also to one 01 more trunks extending to a private branch exchange or central office. With the line to relay 58 opened, this relay releases, releasing all operated relays except relay 43. At the end of the call, relay 43 releases by the removal of ground from the lead I00 of the direct trunk L to the private branch exchange.
On calls originated at a private branch exchange, ground will be connected to lead I88 of the trunk L, to cause the operation of relay 43. Relay 43 functions to connect the executive line C directly to the trunk L extending to the private branch exchange.
It will be understood that more than one of the keys or buttons may be assigned to private branch exchange or central ofiice trunks.
It is believed unnecessary to trace through calls originating at station B for each of the other subordinate stations. The general operation of the system is identical to that already described, and the manner in which the selecting relays I4 to I1, inclusive, and the station connecting relays 52 to 59, inclusive, operate in response to the actuation of certain of the keys at the executive station is clearly indicated by the table in Fig. 5.
It may be well to indicate, however, that switching relay IUI operates whenever relay I1 is actuated to transfer the tip and ring conductors from the left armatures of relays 52 to 58, inclusive, to the right-hand armatures thereof. In this manner each of the relays 52 to 58, inclusive, serves two subordinate lines, or their equivalent.
The line at station VIII is shown terminating in a jack to which connection may be made by means of a jack-ended cord to which there is connected a, telephone handset. All the lines may be thus terminated, or if desirable, they may be directly associated with a substation set.
In Fig. lA there is disclosed an executive substation S equipped with but six keys which may be employed to obtain the results obtained with the fifteen keys employed at station B. There are five selecting keys, I, 2', 3', 4' and 5' and a start key 6'. The method of selecting a station with this telephone set differs from the fifteen station sets hereinbefore described, in that it requires the operation of one or more code keys and the operation of the start key. The third column of the table shown in Fig. 5, indicates the manner in which the keys of the six-buttton set are operated to effect the station selections. As therein indicated, the station codes may be composed of one to three key operations. Keys I to 5', inclusive, are of the mechanically locking type and are released by the actuation of the start key 6', but before the key is released, ground is connected through the start key contact and the receiver switchhook contacts to the common ground lead 209 to all of the keys.
In order to clearly set forth the operation of this system it will be assumed that the executive at station S desires to communicate with the subscriber at subordinate station VII. The receiver is removed from its switchhook and the same relay operations are effected as when the receiver at station B is removed from its support as hereinbefore described. Keys I, 2' and 3, in accordance with the table of Fig. 5, are then actuated and mechanically locked. Then the start key 6' is operated.
It will be understood now, that relay I2 has operated to connect the leads Ill and II of the selecting circuit to tip and ring conductors 225 and 209, respectively, extending to the substation S. The actuation of key I connects the tip side of the line to varistor or rectifier 230; key 2 connects the tip side of the line to rectifier 23 I; and key 3' connects the ring side of the line to rectifier 232. The operation of start key 6' connects ground through these rectifiers to the tip and ring sides of the line so that positive and negative impulses traverse the tip side of the line, conductor I and the operating windings of relays I4 and I5, while positive impulses only will traverse the ring side of the line, conductor II and the operating winding of relay I6. Relays I4, I and I6, therefore, operate and lock under control of relay 45 in a manner which is apparent from the previous description of the operation of the fifteen-button key system.
With relays I4, I5 and I6 operated and looked, a circuit for the operation of relay 58 is prepared which extends from ground, front contact and lower armature of relay 45, conductor 50, outer left armatures and front contacts of relays I4 and I5, front contact and outermost left armature of relay I6, winding of relay 58, to the open back contact and outer upper armature of relay I2 by way of conductor 5I. When relay I2 releases in a manner fully explained in a preceding description, relay 58 operates and locks, connecting the subordinate station VII to the line.
It is believed unnecessary to describe in detail any further station selections since the table in Fig. 5 covers all key combinations and the relay system is effected by operating key 5 and start key 6, which results in the connection of ground Thus both positive and negative polarities are transmitted over both the tip and ring conductors and conductors I0 and I I, to effect the operation of relays I4, I5, I6 and II. The functions performed by these relays have been described in detail hereinbefore in connection with the operation of key No. 15 at executive station B. Suffice it to repeat here that relay 43 eventually operates to connect the executive line C to the direct trunk L to the private branch exchange or central office.
The particular form of selecting circuit involving neutral relays with positive and negative varistors connected in series and shunt therewith, results in a system, highly selective to the transmission of current impulses of different polarities, and increases the margins within which the selecting relays will function. It will be noted that each selecting relay I4, I5, I6 and I! has two similarly poled rectifiers connected in series with its operating winding, and an oppositely poled rectifier connected in shunt with its{ operating winding and one of the series connected rectifiers. The series connected rectifiers offer a very high resistance to the unwanted polarity, that is, the polarity on which a certain relay is to non-operate, whereas the shunt connected rectifier or varistor serves to by-pass the unwanted polarity and constitutes a relatively low resistance path for this purpose. It will also be noted that the shunt varistor for each relay is also one of the series varistors of the other relay. 7
Though applicants have illustrated the fundamental relay-Varistor selecting circuit in its application to a station or line selecting system, it is apparent that its use is not so limited. The keys at station B, or ten of them, for example, might constitute the elements of a telephone designation sender which functions to transmit codes consisting of positive and negative impulses, singly and in combinations, to characterize the digits of telephone numbers. In such a system the selecting relays would function to control relays in a register or similar device.
By placing the impulse transmission under the joint control of the selecting keys and the receiver switchhook contacts at the executive station, the possibility of effecting station selections by the inadvertent or otherwise accidental actuation of a key, with the receiver on its support, is obviated.
As hereinbefore specified, relay 40 operates whenever any station selecting key is operated at the executive station when the telephone thereat is removed from its support in order to maintain relay I2 operated until the selecting key is restored to normal. Relay I2, at its outer upper armature, controls the connection of battery to the conductor 5| which is included in the operating circuit for relays 52 to 59, inclusive, and for relay IIII, and as long as this relay is operated, the circuit for these relays is incomplete. Obviously, therefore, no station selection can be effected until relay I2 restores its armatures which is accomplished when relay 4!) releases upon restoration of a station selecting key to normal.
Unless such provision is made, a station selection might be completed when the executive subscriber actuates a station selecting key and then decides to abandon the call by replacing the tele-. phone on its support.
The selecting keys at stations B and S may be mounted directly on the telephone handset or, if desirable, in a separate key box.
What is claimed is: 1. The combination in a telephone impuise transmitting system, of a transmitting station, a
receiving point, a source of positive and negative current impulses, a line interconnecting said transmitting station and said receiving point, means for selectively applying the positive and negative impulses of said source to said line singly and in combinations, and a receiving circuit for said impulses comprising a pair of unidirectional current conducting branches interposed between said source and said means, each branch including two similarly poled rectifiers and the winding of a relay and a rectifier of each branch shunting the relay winding and one of the rectifiers of the other branch.
2. The combination in a telephone system, of a transmitting station, a receiving point, a pair of wires interconnecting said transmitting station and said receiving point, a source of positive and negative current impulses at the receiving point, means at the transmitting station for selectively applying positive and negative impulses from said source singly or in combinations to either or both of said wires, and receiving equipment at said receiving point, for said impulses comprising a pair f unidirectional current conducting branches interposed between said source and each of said wires, each of said branches consisting of two similarly poled rectifiers and the winding of a relay, all serially connected, and a rectifier of each branch shunting the relay winding and one of the rectifiers of the other branch of the same pair of branches.
3. The combination in a telephone system, of a plurality of signal control relays, and means for selectively operating said relays comprising, a source of positive and negative current impulses, a line, means for selectively transmitting the positive and negative impulses of said source over said line singly and in combinations, and an impulse receiving circuit associated with said line and interposed between said transmitting means and said source comprising, a pair of selecting relays, a pair of similarly poled rectifiers connected in series with one of said relays,
a second pair of similarly poled rectifiers connected in series with the other of said relays, the rectifiers of one pair being poled opposite to the rectifiers of the other pair, and a circuit connection for connecting each of said relays and one of its serially connected rectifiers in shunt with one of the rectifiers serially connected with the other of said relays.
4. The combination in a telephone system, of a i transmitting station, a receiving point, a source of positive and negative current impulses at the receiving point, a conductor interconnecting the transmitting station and the receiving point, means for selectively applying the positive and negative impulses of said source to said conductor singly and in combination, and a receiving circuit, at said receiving point, for said impulses, comprising a pair of unidirectional current conducting branches interposed between said source and said conductor, each branch consisting of two similarly poled rectifiers and the winding of a relay all serially connected, with the lead interconnecting the similarly poled rectifiers of each branch common to both branches.
5. The combination in a telephone system of a transmitting station, a receiving point, a source of positive and negative impulses at said receiving point, a pair of wires interconnecting said transmitting station and said receiving point,
means at said transmitting station for applying the positive and negative impulses of said source, singly or in combination to each of said wires, and impulse receiving means interposed between each source and each of said wires comprising, a pair of relays, a pair of positive poled rectifiers connected in series with one of said relays, a pair of negative poled rectifiers connected in series with the other of said relays, and a rectifier shunting each of said relays and one of its serially connected rectifiers and poled oppositely to the serially connected rectifiers.
6. The combination in a telephone system, of a primary station, a secondary station, an extension line, switching means for connecting said secondary station to said extension line, a key at said primary station, means responsive to the actuation of said key subsequent to the removal of the receiver at said primary station for preparing said switching means for operation, and means effective upon the release of said key for operating said switching means.
7. The combination in a telephone system, of a primary station, a plurality of secondary stations, an extension line common to said secondary stations and normally associated with said primary station, switching means individual to said secondary stations for connecting said stations to said extension line, keys at said primary stations, means controlled thereby when operated subsequent to the removal of the receiver at said primary station for selectively preparing an operating circuit for said individual switching means, and means effective upon the release of said keys for completing the operating circuit prepared by the operation of said key controlled means.
8. The combination in a telephone system, of a primary station, a plurality of secondary stations, an extension line common to said secondary stations normally associated with said primary station, switching relays for connecting said secondary stations to said extension lines, key controlled means at said primary station, means responsive to the operation of said key controlled means when a particular key at said primary station is actuated subsequent to the removal of the receiver thereat for preparing an operating circuit for a particular one of said switching relays, and means responsive to the release of the actuated key for completing the operating circuit for the said particular one of said switching relays.
9. The combination in a telephone system, of a primary station, a plurality of secondary stations, an extension line common to said secondary stations normally associated with said primary station, switching relays for connecting said secondary stations to said extension line, an operating circuit for said switching relays, a plurality of selecting relays, key controlled means at said primary station responsive to the actuation of a key thereat for selectively operating said selecting relays whereupon the operating circuit for a particular one of said switching relays is prepared, and means responsive to the release of the actuated key at said primary station for completing the operating circuit prepared by said selecting relays.
10. In a telephone system, a telephone line having tip and ring conductors, a primary station on said line, a plurality of secondary lines, a switching device for connecting each of said secondary lines to said telephone line, and means for selectively actuating said switching devices comprising, a source of alternating current, a pair of relays connected in circuit with said source of alternating current and arranged to respond respectively to positive and negative current impulses, a second pair of relays connected in circuit with said source of alternating current and arranged to respond respectively to positive and negative current impulses, a keying device at said primary station, means responsive to the removal of the receiver at said primary station for connecting the windings of said first pair of relays to the tip conductor of said line and the windings of said second pair of relays to the ring conductor of said line, and means controlled by said keying device, when actuated, for selectively transmitting the positive and negative impulses from said source of alternating current over said tip and ring conductors to prepare said switching devices for operation, and means effective upon the release of said keying device for operating said switching devices.
11. The combination in a telephone system, of a primary station, a plurality of secondary stations, an extension line common to said secondary stations extending from said primary station, switching means for connecting each of said secondary stations to said extension line, and means controlled from said primary station for selectively operating said switching means comprising a source of positive and negative current impulses, a selecting circuit extending therefrom and including a pair of selecting relays, each of said relays having a pair of unidirectional current conducting devices connected in series therewith and poled so as to pass impulses of a particular polarity, a unidirectional current conducting device shunting each of said relays and poled oppositely to the series connected devices, means responsive to the removal of the receiver at said primary station for connecting said selecting circuit to one of the line conductors extending to said station, and means at said primary station for causing the transmission of either positive or negative impulses from said source over said selecting circuit to cause the selective operation of said selecting relays.
12. The combination in a telephone system, of a primary station, a plurality of secondary stations, an extension line common to said secondary stations and normally associated with said primary station, switching means for connecting each of said secondary stations to said extension line, and means for selectively operating said switching means comprising a group of selecting relays, a source of positive and negative impulses,
a positive poled rectifier connected in series with one of said relays and said source, a negative poled rectifier connected in shunt with said one of said relays and its series connected rectifier, a negative poled rectifier connected in series with another of said relays and said source, a positive poled rectifier connected in shunt with said other of said relays and its series connected rectifier, means responsive to the removal of the receiver at said primary station for connecting said group of relays to one of the line conductors extending to said primary station, and means at said primary station, effective subsequent to the removal of the receiver thereat, for causing either positive or negative impulses, 01 both, to ,be transmitted over said line conductor to selectively operate said group of relays.
13. The combination in a telephone system, of a primary station, a plurality of secondary stations, an extension line common to said secondary stations and normally associated with said primary station, switching means for connecting each of said secondary stations to said extension line, and means for selectively operating said switching means comprising, a source of positive and negative current impulses, a pair of selecting relays connected in series with said source and arranged to respond selectively to current impulses of one or the other polarity, a second pair of selecting relays connected in series with said source and arranged to respond selectively to current impulses of one or the other polarity, means responsive to the removal of the receiver at said primary station for connecting one of said pairs of relays to one of the line conductors extending from said primary station, and the other of said pairs of relays to the other line conductor extendingfrom said primary station, means at said primary station, effective subsequent to the removal of the receiver thereat, for causing the selective transmission of the positive and nega tive impulses from said source, singly or in combinations, over either or both the line conductors extending from said primary station to cause the selective operation of said selecting relays.
14. The combination in a telephone system, of a primary station, a plurality of secondary stations, an extension line common to said second ary stations and accessible to said primary station, switching means for connectingeach of said secondary stations to said extension line, and means for selectively operating said switching means comprising a source of positive and negative current impulsesf a plurality of selecting relays arranged in two groups of two relays each, a relay of each group arranged to respond to positive impulses from said source and another relay of each group arranged to respond to negative impulses from'said source, means responsive to the removal of the receiver at said primary station for connecting each group of selecting relays to a different line conductor extending from said primary station, and means for selectively transmitting the positive and negative impulses from said source over either or both of the line conductors, comprising a pair of oppositely poled rectifiers for each of said line conductors, and means eiiective subsequent to the removal of the receiver at the primary station for effectively associating the said oppositely poled recti-' fiers with their respective line conductors singly or in combination.
HENRY M. BASCOM.
LANGFORD J. BOWNE.
NEIL Y. PRIESSMAN.
US360218A 1940-10-08 1940-10-08 Telephone system Expired - Lifetime US2278410A (en)

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Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2423119A (en) * 1943-11-08 1947-07-01 Bell Telephone Labor Inc Hydrophone selecting system
US2534850A (en) * 1945-04-04 1950-12-19 Bell Telephone Labor Inc Telephone system having preset transmitter
US2700070A (en) * 1951-01-27 1955-01-18 Andrew W Vincent Intercommunicating system
US2883472A (en) * 1954-08-23 1959-04-21 Gen Telephone Lab Inc Multiphone for use in telephone systems
US3243516A (en) * 1962-03-01 1966-03-29 Int Standard Electric Corp Pushbuton selection
US3487171A (en) * 1964-11-04 1969-12-30 Int Standard Electric Corp Circuit arrangement for selecting a telephone extension by selector keys

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2423119A (en) * 1943-11-08 1947-07-01 Bell Telephone Labor Inc Hydrophone selecting system
US2534850A (en) * 1945-04-04 1950-12-19 Bell Telephone Labor Inc Telephone system having preset transmitter
US2700070A (en) * 1951-01-27 1955-01-18 Andrew W Vincent Intercommunicating system
US2883472A (en) * 1954-08-23 1959-04-21 Gen Telephone Lab Inc Multiphone for use in telephone systems
US3243516A (en) * 1962-03-01 1966-03-29 Int Standard Electric Corp Pushbuton selection
US3487171A (en) * 1964-11-04 1969-12-30 Int Standard Electric Corp Circuit arrangement for selecting a telephone extension by selector keys

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