US2260722A - Telephone system - Google Patents

Telephone system Download PDF

Info

Publication number
US2260722A
US2260722A US347599A US34759940A US2260722A US 2260722 A US2260722 A US 2260722A US 347599 A US347599 A US 347599A US 34759940 A US34759940 A US 34759940A US 2260722 A US2260722 A US 2260722A
Authority
US
United States
Prior art keywords
relay
line
ringing
condenser
pulsing
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
US347599A
Inventor
Frank K Low
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
AT&T Corp
Original Assignee
Bell Telephone Laboratories Inc
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Bell Telephone Laboratories Inc filed Critical Bell Telephone Laboratories Inc
Priority to US347599A priority Critical patent/US2260722A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of US2260722A publication Critical patent/US2260722A/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical Current

Links

Images

Classifications

    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04QSELECTING
    • H04Q1/00Details of selecting apparatus or arrangements for establishing connections among stations for the purpose of transferring information via these connections
    • H04Q1/18Electrical details
    • H04Q1/30Signalling arrangements; Manipulation of signalling currents
    • H04Q1/32Signalling arrangements; Manipulation of signalling currents using trains of dc pulses
    • H04Q1/36Pulse-correcting arrangements, e.g. for reducing effects due to interference

Description

' F. K. LOW
TELEPHONE SYSTEM Filed July 26, 1940 Oct. 28, 1941.
T L27- POLARIZED t lNi/ENTOR E A. LOW
Patented Oct. 28, 1941 TELEPHONE SYSTEM Frank K.v Low, Orange, N. J., assignor to Bell Telephone Laboratories,
Incorporated, New
York, N. Y., a corporation of New York Application July 26, 1940, Serial No. M7599 3 Claims. 7 (Cl.'179-84) This invention relates to automatic telephone systems and more particularly to so-called long line circuits therefor wherein a pulsing relay, intermediate the station and exchange, is employed forrepeating dial pulses to establish a desired connection, and a ringing relay is also employed for repeating ringing current transmitted from the exchange to call a subscriber. Such an arrangement is shown in U. S. Patent 1,719,499, issued July 2, 1929, to L. J. Bowne. In arrangements of this character, where the line between the intermediate point and the subscribers' station has a mutual capacity be tween the conductors, or between the conductors andground, in excess of a predetermined maximum value, ringing current applied to the line .causes a charge to be built up thereon, which, if of the proper polarity, may cause false operation of the pulsing relay when the ringing relay is released and the pulsing relay is reconnected to the line.
An'object of the present invention is to prevent false operation of the pulsing relay, in systems of the character described, when a line discharge therethrough occurs at the conclusion of a ringing interval.
A feature of the invention whereby the above object is obtained resides in an arrangement, associated with the ringing and pulsing relays, comprising a condenser which is charged when the ringing relay is operated and discharged through an auxiliary winding on the pulsing relay in a direction to oppose the discharge applied to the line windings of the relay, if in an operating direction, when the ringing relay is released.
A further feature whereby the foregoing opposing effect is maintained for an extended interval consists in causing the condenser to be discharged through the pulsing relay windings in series with an oppositely poled source of direct current whereby the discharging time of the condenser is prolonged.
The invention will be understood from the following description when read in connection with the accompanying drawing which shows a portion of a long line circuit extending from a central ofiice and terminating at a dial subscribers station, which circuit is arranged to prevent false operation of the pulsing relay in accordance with the above features.
It will first be assumed that the dial subscriber A desires to initiate a call and to do so removes the receiver from the switchhook and actuates the dial I I] in accordance with the number of the station desired.
It will be noted that the upper and middle windings of the pulsing relay I2 are bridged across the pulsing contacts of dial II] so that for each closure of the dial contacts, relay I2 operates in a circuit extending from grounded battery 20, resistance I3, middle winding of relay I2, lower right-hand winding of repeating coil I4,'loWermost back contact of ringing relay I5 through the subscribers station equipment including the closed pulsing contact dial I0, uppermost back contact of relay I5, upper right-hand winding of repeating coil I4, upper winding of relay I2. to ground. Relay I2 operates in this circuit in accordance with the setting of dial III, closing and opening the dial circuit to repeat thedial pulses for the central oflice.
Under normal conditions of the line circuit L, the ringingrelay I6, in series with the condenser I 1 is bridged across the normally opened pulsing contacts II of relay I2. When relay I2 operates in response to actuation of dial I I], the ringing relay I6 is intermittently removed from association with the line. 7 It will be understood that in accordance with general practice, a battery. 30 is associated with the line to render the interruption thereof, by the pulsing relay, effective in setting switches at the central ofiice. The battery 30 is shown associated with the windings of a double wound line relay 3| which is a standard arrangement. v
The dotted portions of line L indicate the omission of other relay contacts, etc., the disclosure of which is not necessary for an understanding of the invention.
Now assuming the case of a call originating at some distant station and .destined for station A, we will assume that the necessary connections to the line L have been effected at the central office and that ringing current has been applied to the line L by operation of the relay 22. Relay I6 responds to this current and in operating establishes an obvious circuit to operate the repeat ringing relay I 5.
In attracting the extreme upper and lower armatures relay I5 connects the ringing source I9, and ground, to the ring and tip conductors, respectively, of that portion of the line extending from station A, whereupon the subscriber thereat is signaled in the usual manner. Operation of relay I5 also opens its contacts 23 and 24 thereby disconnecting the line towards the central office during the ringing interval.
Normally, i. e., just prior to operation of relay I5, it will be noted that condenser 33 is charged to the potential of battery 20 in series with the lower winding of relay l2 and, with the battery 20 connected in the circuit as indicated, the left plate of condenser 33 will be at positive polarity and the right plate negative. When relay [5 is operated, condenser 33 is reversed with respect to battery 20 and recharges in an opposite direction in a circuit from the negative pole of the battery, resistance 13, and contacts 29 of relay l5 to the left plate of condenser 33 and from the right plate to ground and the positive terminal of the battery over contact 32 of relay l5.
Condenser 33 is now charged with its left plate negative and its right plate positive.
At the conclusion of the ringing interval, i. e. when relay I5 releases and contacts 23 and 24 reclose to connect the line through from the central ofiice to the station, contacts 25, 29, 32 and 26 are opened and contacts 21 and 28 are closed thereby again reversing the condenser and connecting it in its original or normal condition whereupon it discharges and recharges in an opposite direction in series with battery 20 and the lower winding of relay [2 which winding is so connected that a discharge and charge therethrough in the direction described tends to energize relay 12, which is polarized, in a direction to maintain it in an unoperated condition and therefore if the last ringing impulse applied to the line before relay l5 releases, to reclose its contacts 23 and 24 to connect the upper and middle windings of relay l2 across the line, is of such polarity as to charge the line, and condenser 2| at the subscribers station, in a direction such that when relay I2 is again connected across the line,
the line capacity discharge is in a direction tending to operate relay [2, the simultaneous discharge and subsequent charge of condenser 33 through the lower winding will neutralize that effect and the relay l2 will remain unoperated.
It will be noted that While relay I5 is operated condenser 33 is charged with its right plate positive and its left plate negative and when relay it releases this polarity of the condenser charge is opposed by the polarity of battery 20 now in circuit therewith and therefore the discharge of condenser 33 in the circuit including the lower winding of relay I2 is prolonged and the nonoperate effect on this relay is correspondingly prolonged sufficiently to permit the line charge to be fully dissipated before condenser 33 recharges in the opposite direction to its full capacity, thus insuring that no false operation of relay I2 results from the cause described.
What is claimed is:
1. In a telephone system, a subscribers line, a pulsing relay connected to said line, a ringing relay adapted when operated to disconnect the pulsing relay from, and connect ringing current to, said line, and means comprising a condenser, a source of direct current, and an auxiliary winding on said pulsing relay, controlled by said ringing relay in such a manner as to counteract a line discharge tending to operate said pulsing relay when it is reconnected to the line following release of the ringing relay.
2. In an automatic telephone system, a subscribers station and line, a pulsing relay in bridge of said line, at an intermediate point therein, responsive to dial impulses originating at said station to repeat said impulses to control an automatic switch, a ringing relay at said intermediate point adapted when operated to disconnect said pulsing relay and connect ringing current to the line, and means for counteracting a line discharge tending to falsely operate said pulsing relay when it is reconnected to the line following the release of the ringing relay, said means comprisingan auxiliary winding on said pulsing relay, a condenser, a source of direct current, and contacts on said ringing relay so arranged and connected that when said ringing relay is released said condenser will be connected to said source in series with the auxiliary winding and when the ringing relay is operated, said condenser will be connected to said source alone and in a reverse direction.
3. In a telephone system, an automatic exchange; a dial subscriber's station, a line therebetween, a pulsing relay associated with said line at an intermediate point therein and responsive to dial impulses originating at said station for repeating said impulses to control switching equipment at the exchange, a ringing relay at said intermediate point controlled from said exchange for transmitting ringing current to said station, and means for preventing false operation of said pulsing relay, due to a capacity charge on said line, when said ringing relay is released, said means comprising contacts on said ringing relay, an auxiliary winding on said pulsing relay, a condenser and a source of direct current, said contacts on said ringing relay being so arranged that when the relay is operated, said condenser will be charged in a predetermined direction by said direct current and when the relay is released the condenser will be connected in circuit with and discharged through said auxiliary winding to momentarily energize said pulsing relay in a direction to oppose its operation by a capacity discharge through the line winding.
FRANK K. LOW.
US347599A 1940-07-26 1940-07-26 Telephone system Expired - Lifetime US2260722A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US347599A US2260722A (en) 1940-07-26 1940-07-26 Telephone system

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US347599A US2260722A (en) 1940-07-26 1940-07-26 Telephone system

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
US2260722A true US2260722A (en) 1941-10-28

Family

ID=23364406

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US347599A Expired - Lifetime US2260722A (en) 1940-07-26 1940-07-26 Telephone system

Country Status (1)

Country Link
US (1) US2260722A (en)

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2874226A (en) * 1957-09-23 1959-02-17 Gen Dynamics Corp Trunk adapter circuit
US3432620A (en) * 1965-12-13 1969-03-11 Scantlin Electronics Inc Dial long line circuit

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2874226A (en) * 1957-09-23 1959-02-17 Gen Dynamics Corp Trunk adapter circuit
US3432620A (en) * 1965-12-13 1969-03-11 Scantlin Electronics Inc Dial long line circuit

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US1751263A (en) Electrical switching system
US2260722A (en) Telephone system
US2245160A (en) Telephone system
US2041964A (en) Telephone system
US2055647A (en) Telephone line system
US2133814A (en) Telephone system
US2023011A (en) Telephone system
US2292371A (en) Repeater circuit
US2302587A (en) Telephone trunking system
US2299203A (en) Telephone system
US2022030A (en) Signaling system
US2921987A (en) Two-way trunk circuit
US2164033A (en) Telephone system
US2071078A (en) Signaling system
US1651017A (en) Party-line revertible ringing system
US1719499A (en) Telephone system
US2105898A (en) Telephone exchange system
US2071072A (en) Signaling system
US2209513A (en) Telephone system
US2710311A (en) Incoming trunk for telephone systems
US2005575A (en) Selective switch
US2767249A (en) Restricted service telephone system
US2293620A (en) Sender overload control
US2029723A (en) Signaling system
US2322864A (en) Trouble cutoff system