US2071078A - Signaling system - Google Patents

Signaling system Download PDF

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US2071078A
US2071078A US18505A US1850535A US2071078A US 2071078 A US2071078 A US 2071078A US 18505 A US18505 A US 18505A US 1850535 A US1850535 A US 1850535A US 2071078 A US2071078 A US 2071078A
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Prior art keywords
relay
winding
circuit
line
condenser
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US18505A
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Frank K Low
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AT&T Corp
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Bell Telephone Laboratories Inc
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Priority to US467867XA priority Critical
Priority to US203813XA priority
Priority to US18504A priority patent/US2106356A/en
Priority to US18505A priority patent/US2071078A/en
Priority to US220635XA priority
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    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04QSELECTING
    • H04Q1/00Details of selecting apparatus or arrangements for establishing connections among stations for the purpose of transferring information via these connections
    • H04Q1/18Electrical details
    • H04Q1/30Signalling arrangements; Manipulation of signalling currents
    • H04Q1/32Signalling arrangements; Manipulation of signalling currents using trains of dc pulses

Description

Feb. 16, 1937 v I K ow 2,071,078
. I SIGNALING SYSTEM I Filed April 27, 1955 FIG.
T D/AL ro/vs m POLAR/ZED D/A L TONE IR 33 POLAR/ZED INVENTOR F A. L 0W A TTOR/VF V Patented Feb. 16, 1937 UNITED, STATES PATENT" OFFICE SIGNALING SYSTEM Application April 27, 1935, Serial No. 18,505
20 Claims.
This invention relates to signaling systems and particularly to systems comprising electromagnetic signal receiving means.
The object of the invention is to provide a more sensitive electromagnetic signal receiving means and to insure the accurate response of such a means to incoming signals under wider limits of line resistance, line insulation, and line capacity.
In signaling systems in which selective signals are created and transmitted by the alternate opening and closing of a signaling circuit, it is usual to employ an impulse relay for operation upon the closing of the signaling circuit and release in response to the opening of the signaling circuit. In such a system, the lines over which the signaling circuit is closed vary in length, in insulation resistance and in capacity; and the frequency with which the selective impulses are transmitted varies within certain limits.
A feature of the present invention is a new and improved circuit arrangement in which the impulse relay is polarized and has a plurality of windings, one winding being connected in combination with a condenser so as to increase the limits of line resistance, line insulation, and line capacity within which the relay will satisfactorily respond to signal impulses. An auxiliary impulse relay controls the operation of an impulse register or selector switch, the contacts of the polarized impulse relay being used for controlling the circuits for charging and discharging the condenser and the circuit for operating the auxiliary impulse relay.
Another feature of the invention is an impulse receiving means comprising a polarized relay having one winding connected in a signaling circuit, an auxiliary relay controlled by the polarized relay to repeat the incoming signals to operate a register, and a condenser so connected 4 in combination with a winding of each of the relays that the condenser is charged in one direction in response to the operation of the polarized relay to hold this relay operated for a short interval of time and is charged in the other direction in response to the release of the polarized relay to hold this relay released for a short interval of time. The arrangement is, therefore, one adapted to correct for too short an opening of the impulse circuit and to correct for too short a closure of the impulse circuit between succeeding impulses of a series.
Another feature of the invention is a polarized impulse receiving relay having one winding connected in a signaling circuit and a biasing winding for holding the contact springs in a non.-
operated position when there is no current in the signal receiving winding, the biasing circuit being controlled so as to be more effective when the contact springs are in operated position than when in non-operated position. 5
A better and more complete understanding of the invention may be obtained by considering the specific embodiments of the invention shown in the drawing which forms a part of this specification. The invention is not, however, limited in its application to these specific arrangements and is, in general, applicable to any signaling system in which selective signals are created by the opening and closing of a signaling circuit.
Referring to the drawing,
Fig. 1 represents an automatic telephone system comprising a subscribers station A and impulse receiving means IR;
Fig. 2 also represents an automatic telephone system comprising a subscribers station A and b impulse receiving means IR, the specific embodiment of the invention in the impulse receiving means of Fig. 2 being somewhat different from its embodiment in the impulse receiving means of Fig. 1.
The apparatus at station A includes a dial H), or an equivalent impulse sender, and is connected by line H to a central office or exchange in which automatic switching equipment is provided for establishing a connection between the line I I and an idle impulse receiving means IR in response to the removal of the receiver at station A to originate a call. The impulse receiving means IR may be used to directly control, in succession, each of a train of selective switches to complete a desired connection or may be used to operate a register which thereafter controls the various switches through which a desired connection is established. Reference may be had to chapter 3 of the second edition of Automatic Telephony, by Smith and Campbell, for a description of an automatic telephone system comprising switches of the well-known Strowger type which are controlled by the dial impulses when dialed. Reference may be had to Patent No. 1,395,977, granted to F. A. Stearn et al., November 1, 1921 for a description of a system comprising switches of the power-driven panel type which are revertively controlled by a register-controller, set in accordance with trains of impulses created by the operation of the dial at any calling subscribers station to which the register-controller is connected.
The impulse receiving means IR in Fig. 1 comprises a polarized impulse relay I3, a condenser 20, an auxiliary impulse relay 2|, a slow-torelease relay 22, and a register or selector 23. The polarized impulse relay l3 has three windings, the upper winding being connected, upon extension of the line ll to the impulse receiving means IR, in a signaling circuit which includes the conductors of line H, the dial it, and one winding of the dial tone transformer H2. The middle winding of relay i3 is a biasing winding which upon energization is effective to position the contacts of the relay as shown in the drawing. The biasing winding is connected be-' tween a network consisting of resistors M, 15 and I5 and a network consisting of resistors l1, l8 and IS, the strength of the biasing current being automatically varied by the operation and release of relay l3 as hereinafter described. The lower winding of relay i3 is connected in series with condenser 20 between the network consisting of resistors l4, l5 and i6 and the network consisting of resistors ll, l8 and i9. Upon connection of the line H to the impulse receiving means IR, ground is connected to resistor ii to complete a circuit through the biasing winding of relay I3; and ground is also connected to the armature of relay I3, thereby closing a circuit through the lower winding of relay l3 and resistor IQ for charging condenser 26. The charging of condenser 20 by the current in this circuit is interrupted as soon as relay [3 is sufficiently energized by the current in the signaling circuit to open its back contact; and whatever charge may have accumulated in condenser 29 is thereupon immediately discharged through the lower Winding of relay l3, the direction of current being such as to aid the complete operation of relay l3. The closing of the front contacts of relay !3 causes the operation of the auxiliary impulse relay 2| and the charging of condenser 28 in the opposite direction to that in which it is charged when the back contacts of relay l3 are closed, the charging current being efiective to energize the lower winding of relay 1% in the aiding direction with respect to the energization of the upper winding of relay I3. The condenser charging and discharging currents are, however, of no particular importance at the time the line is first connected to the impulse receiving means IR. The aforementioned operation of the auxiliary impulse relay 21 causes the operation of the slowto-release relay 22 and nothing further occurs until the subscriber at station A operates the dial I0.
When the dial i6 is operated and the signaling circuit over the conductors of line H is opened at the contacts of the dial to transmit the first impulse of a series, relay itbegins to release and as soon as its front contacts are opened the auxiliary impulse relay 2! releases, thereby closing a circuit for operating the register or selector 23. The opening of the front contacts of relay l3 causes the discharge of condenser 28 through the lower winding of relay i3, the current through this winding being in a direction to aid the complete release of relay l3. As soon as the back contacts of relay l3 are closed, the current through the lower winding of relay I3 is continued in the same direction to charge condenser 20 in the opposite direction to that in which it is charged with relay [3 operated, this current being effective to insure that relays l3 and 2| remain released for a certain minimum interval of time, which interval is long enough for the register 23 to be operated. Upon the closing of the signaling circuit at the contacts of the dial at the end of the first impulse, relay l3 begins to reoperate andas soon as its back contacts are opened, condenser 26 is discharged through the lower winding of relay It, the current through this winding being in a direction to aid the complete reoperation of relay !3. As soon as the front contacts of relay 5% are again closed, relay 2| reoperates and condenser 2th is again charged, the charging current being in the aiding direction with respect to the current through the upper winding of relay !3 and effective to insure that the front contacts of relay i3 remain closed for a definite minimum interval of time which is sufficient to permit the response of register 23 and prevent the release of relay 22.
Thus the lower winding of relay E3 in combination with condenser 28 is effective, in response to the opening of the signaling circuit through its upper winding, to aid its complete release and insure that it remain released for a certain minimum interval of time and, in. response to the closing of this signaling circuit, to aid its complete operation and insure that it remain operated for a certain minimum interval of time.
When relay i3 is released, that is with its back contacts closed, the junction point a between resistors Hi and I5 and the biasing winding is at its highest potential above the negative pole of battery, and the junction point b between resistance i! and I8 and the biasing winding is at its lowest potential above the negative pole of battery, the biasing current being at its minimum so as to render the relay more easily operated. When relay i3 is operated, that is with its front contacts closed, the junction point a is at its lowest potential above the negative pole of battery and the junction point I) is at its highest potential above the negative pole of battery, the biasing current being at its maximum so as to render the relay more easily released. Thus, when the relay operates, it is automatically put in condition to be more quickly responsive to the opening of its operating circuit; and, when the relay releases, it is automatically put in condition to be more quickly responsive to the closing of its operating circuit. The changes in biasing current take place immediately when the relay contacts shift from one position to the other and tend to have an efiect opposite to that of the condenser 28, but are not large enough to materially affect the advantages gained by the condenser charging and discharging currents through the lower winding of relay 13.
The impulse receiving means IR in Fig. 2 is similar to that shown in Fig. l and comprises the polarized impulse relay 33, a condenser 4c, auxiliary impulse relay 4i, slow-to-release relay 42 and register or selector 43. Whereas in Fig. 1 there are six resistors for controlling the impulse relay biasing and condenser circuit and the back contact of the auxiliary impulse relay is used for operating the register or selector, in Fig. 2 three of these resistors have been omitted. Due to the use of only the three resistors 3?, 38 and 39 and the use of the back contact of relay 33 for operating the register 43, the condenser it is charged in only one direction instead of being charged first to battery potential in one direction and then to battery potential in the opposite direction as in the arrangement of Fig. 1. For the same reason, the biasing of the polarized relay 33 is changed only upon the closing of its front contact instead of being changed both upon the breaking of its back contact and also upon the closing of its front contact. To obtain the desired results, resistor 38 has a somewhat lower resistance than the corresponding resistor ill of Fig. 1 and the eiiiciency oi the condenser charging and discharging current is therefore slightly less than in the arrangement of Fig. 1. As soon as the front contact of relay 33 opens, upon the opening of the signaling circuit over line i l at the contacts of dial iii, the condenser 40 starts to discharge in a direction to aid its complete release and hold the back contacts closed for a definite minimum interval; but upon the closing of the dial contacts at the end of the impulse, relay 33 must close its front contact before there is a condenser charging current, which current is, therefore, only effective to hold the relay operated for a definite minimum interval of time.
It is to be noted that in Fig. 2 the register, or selector, operating circuit is controlled by the back contact of the polarized impulse relay 33, whereas in Fig. 1 the corresponding circuit is controlled by the back contact of the auxiliary impulse relay. The arrangement shown in Fig. 2 may, therefore, have an advantage, over that shown in Fig. l, in that operation of the register, or selector, is effected directly by the primary impulse receiving relay, the possibility of impulse distortion resulting from the repeating of the impulses by an auxiliary impulse relay being thereby avoided.
What is claimed is:
1. In a signaling system, a line, a signal sender, a signal receiving relay, a circuit including said line and sender and a winding of said signal receiving relay, an auxiliary signal relay controlled by said signal receiving relay, and means cornprising a condenser for aiding the complete operation of said signal receiving relay in response to the closing of said circuit.
2. In a signaling system, a line, a signal sender, a signal receiving relay, a circuit including said line and sender and a winding of said signal receiving relay, an auxiliary signal relay controlled by said signal receiving relay, and means comprising a condenser for aiding the complete release of said signal receiving relay in response to the opening of said circuit.
3. In a signaling system, a line, a signal sender, a signal receiving relay, a circuit including said line and sender and a winding of said signal receiving relay, an auxiliary signal relay controlled by said signal receiving relay, and means comprising a condenser for aiding the complete operation of said signal receiving relay in response to the closing of said circuit and for aiding the complete release of said signal receiving relay in response to the opening of said circuit.
4. In a signaling system, a line, a signal sender, a signal receiving relay, a circuit including said line and sender and a winding of said signal receiving relay, an auxiliary signal relay controlled by said signal receiving relay, and means comprising a condenser for insuring that upon operating in response to the closing of said circuit said signal receiving relay remains operated for not less than a certain interval of time.
5. In a signaling system, a line, a signal sender, a signal receiving relay, a circuit including said line and sender and a winding of said signal receiving relay, an auxiliary signal relay controlled by said signal receiving relay, and means comprising a condenser for insuring that upon release in response to the opening of said circuit said signal receiving relay remains released for not less than a certain interval of time.
6. In a signaling system, a line, a signal sender, a signal receiving relay, a circuit including said ceiving relay, an auxiliary signal relay controlled by said signal receiving relay, and means comprising a condenser for insuring that upon operating in response to the closing of said circuit said signal receiving relay remains operated for not less than a certain interval of time and upon release in response to the opening of said circuit remains released for not less than a certain interval of time.
7. In a signaling system, a line, a signal sender, a signal receiving relay, a signaling circuit including said line and sender and a winding of said relay, a condenser, a first circuit including said condenser and another winding of said relay, a second circuit including said condenser and said other winding of said relay, and means comprising contacts of said signal receiving relay for closing said first circuit when said relay is released and for closing said second circuit when said relay is operated.
8. In a signaling system, a line, a signal sender, a signal receiving relay, a signaling circuit including said line and sender and a Winding of said signal receiving relay, a condenser, a circuit including said condenser and another winding of said signal receiving relay, an auxiliary signal relay controlled by said signal receiving relay, and a circuit including said condenser and said other winding of said signal receiving relay and a winding of said auxiliary signal relay.
9. In a signaling system, a line, a signal sender, a polarized signal receiving relay, a signaling circuit including said line and sender and a winding of said relay, a biasing circuit including a second Winding of said relay, the current in said biasing circuit being in electromagnetic opposition to the current in said signaling circuit, a condenser, a circuit including said condenser and a third winding of said relay and normally closed contacts of said relay, and a circuit including said condenser and said third winding of said relay and normally open contacts of said relay.
10. In a system, a line, a signal sender, a polarized signal receiving relay, a signaling circuit including said line and sender and a winding of said relay, a biasing circuit including a second winding of said relay, the current in said biasing circuit being in electromagnetic opposition to the current in said signaling circuit, and means including contacts of said relay for altering the biasing circuit.
ll. In a signaling system, a line, a signal sender, a polarized signal receiving relay, a signaling circuit including said line and sender and a winding of said relay, a biasing circuit includ-- ing a second winding of said relay, the current in said biasing circuit being in electromagnetic opposition to the current in said signaling circuit, and means for altering the biasing circuit to aid the release of the relay.
12. In a signaling system, a line, a signal sender, a polarized signal receiving relay, a signaling circuit including said line and sender and a winding of said relay, a biasing circuit including a second winding of said relay, the current in said biasing circuit being in electromagnetic opposition to the current in said signaling circuit, and means for altering the biasing circuit to aid the operation of the relay.
13. In a signaling system, a line, a signal sender, a signal receiving relay, a signaling circuit including said line and sender and a winding of said relay, a condenser, two circuits each including said condenser and another winding of said signal receiving relay, one of said two circuits being closed while said relay is operated and the other while said relay is released, and a third circuit including said condenser and said other winding of the signal receiving relay.
14. In a signaling system, a line, a signal sender, a signal receiving relay, a signaling circuit including said line and sender and a winding of said relay, a condenser, a circuit including said condenser and including contacts and another Winding of said signal receiving relay, and a permanently closed circuit including said condenser and said other winding of the signal re ceiving relay.
15. In a signaling system, a line, a signal sender, a polarized signal receiving relay, a signaling circuit including said line and sender and a winding of said relay, a biasing circuit including a second winding of said relay, the current in said biasing circuit being in electromagnetic opposition to the current in said signaling circuit, a condenser, a permanently closed circuit including said condenser and a third winding of said relay, a circuit including said condenser and said third winding of said relay and normally close contacts of said relay, and a circuit including said condenser and said third winding of said relay and normally open contacts of said relay.
16. In a signaling system, a line, a signal sender, a polarized signal receiving relay, a signaling circuit including said line and sender and a winding of said relay, a biasing circuit including a second winding of said relay, the current in said biasing circuit being in electromagnetic opposition to the current in said signaling circuit, an auxiliary signal relay controlled by said signal receiving relay, a condenser, a permanently closed circuit including said condenser and a third winding of said signal receiving relay, a circuit closed through said condenser and third winding of said signal receiving relay by the operation of said signal receiving relay, and a circuit closed through said condenser and third winding of said signal receiving relay and the winding of said auxiliary signal relay by the release of said signal receiving relay.
17. In a signaling system, a line, a signal sender, a signal receiving relay having a line winding and a biasing winding, a circuit including said line and sender and the line winding of said signal receiving relay, a circuit including the biasing winding of said relay, the current in said biasing winding being electromagnetically opposed to the current in said line winding, and means comprising resistors and the contacts of said signal receiving relay for decreasing the biasing current when said relay is released.
18. In a signaling system, a line, a signal sender, a sign-a1 receiving relay having a line winding and a biasing winding, a circuit including said line and sender and the line winding of said signal receiving relay, a circuit including the biasing winding of said relay, the current in said biasing winding being electromagne'tically opposed to the current in said line Winding, and means comprising resistors and the contacts of said signal receiving relay for increasing the biasing current when said relay is operated.
19. In a signaling system, a line, a signal sender, a signal receiving relay having a line winding and a biasing winding, a circuit including said line and sender and the line winding of said sig nal receiving relay, a circuit including the biasing Winding of said relay, the current in said biasing winding being electrornagnetically opposed to the current in said line winding, and means comprising resistors and the contacts of said relay for increasing the biasing current when said relay is operated and decreasing the biasing current when said relay is released.
20. In a signaling system, a line, a signal sender, a signal receiving relay having a line winding, a biasing winding and a third winding, a circuit including said line and sender and the line winding of said relay, a circuit including the biasing winding of said relay, the current in said biasing winding being electromagnetically opposed to the current in said line winding, means comprising resistors for increasing the biasing current when said signal receiving relay is operated and for decreasing the biasing current when said signal receiving relay is released, an auxiliary signal relay controlled by said signal receiving relay, a condenser, and circuits including said condenser and said third winding of said signal receiving relay.
FRANK K. LOW.
US18505A 1935-04-27 1935-04-27 Signaling system Expired - Lifetime US2071078A (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US467867XA true 1935-04-27 1935-04-27
US203813XA true 1935-04-27 1935-04-27
US18504A US2106356A (en) 1935-04-27 1935-04-27 Signaling system
US18505A US2071078A (en) 1935-04-27 1935-04-27 Signaling system
US220635XA true 1935-06-22 1935-06-22

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US18505A US2071078A (en) 1935-04-27 1935-04-27 Signaling system
GB1193336A GB467867A (en) 1935-04-27 1936-04-27 Improvements in or relating to telephone and like signalling systems

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2428023A (en) * 1942-12-15 1947-09-30 Standard Telephones Cables Ltd Electric impulse receiving and timing arrangement
US3310634A (en) * 1963-10-02 1967-03-21 Nippon Electric Co Supervisory signal receiving circuit

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2428023A (en) * 1942-12-15 1947-09-30 Standard Telephones Cables Ltd Electric impulse receiving and timing arrangement
US3310634A (en) * 1963-10-02 1967-03-21 Nippon Electric Co Supervisory signal receiving circuit

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