US2228243A - Releasable coupling - Google Patents

Releasable coupling Download PDF

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Publication number
US2228243A
US2228243A US31077139A US2228243A US 2228243 A US2228243 A US 2228243A US 31077139 A US31077139 A US 31077139A US 2228243 A US2228243 A US 2228243A
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US
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Grant
Patent type
Prior art keywords
packer
lugs
well
casing
body
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
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Inventor
Reuben C Baker
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Baker International Corp
Baker Hughes Production Tools Inc
Original Assignee
Baker International Corp
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
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Publication date
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E21EARTH DRILLING; MINING
    • E21BEARTH DRILLING, e.g. DEEP DRILLING; OBTAINING OIL, GAS, WATER, SOLUBLE OR MELTABLE MATERIALS OR A SLURRY OF MINERALS FROM WELLS
    • E21B33/00Sealing or packing boreholes or wells
    • E21B33/10Sealing or packing boreholes or wells in the borehole
    • E21B33/12Packers; Plugs
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T403/00Joints and connections
    • Y10T403/70Interfitted members
    • Y10T403/7005Lugged member, rotary engagement

Description

Jan. 14, 1941. R C, BAKER 2,228,243

RELEASABLE COUPLING Filed Dec. 23, 1939 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 ,Y

3N l d Jan.14,1941. Ric. BAKER '2,228,243

Y RELEASABLE cUPLING Y Filed Dec. 23, 1939 2 Shee'tS-SheeTVZ 3o www i; f 3 24 T Y Graaf-N E14/52, wb l l LIM 25 35% @aA/wv d 5 :um l

Patented. Jan. 14, 194i 2,228,243 nELEAsABLE coUrLiNG Reuben C. Baker, Coalinga, Calif., assignor to Baker Oil Tools, Inc., Huntington Park, Calif., a corporation of California Application December 23, 1939, Serial No. 310,771

10 Claims.

The present invention relates t couplings of the releasable type, and more particularly to couplings for disconnectably securing a well device to a tubular string.

In order to perform certain operations within a well bore, a well packer is secured to the end of a tubular string, by means of which it is lowered to a desired setting point within the casing. Following the setting operation, the packer can remain anchored to the casing while the tubular string is disconnected from the packer for removal from the bore. Such disconnection may be permitted by providing a left-hand threaded interconnection between the packer and string, complete uncoupling occurring as a result of rotating the tubular string to the right a plurality of complete rotations, depending upon the number of threads in engagement. Under some operating conditions, the threads bind and either prevent uncoupling between the packer and tubular string or allow disconnection only after r point from the surface of the bore, since the longer the string of tubing, the greater may be the difficulty in causing its rotation to disconnect its lower end from the set well packer.

Accordingly, it is an object of the present in- .vention to facilitate the disconnection of a tubular string from a well device.

It is a further object of the invention to provide a connection between a tubular string and a well packer which requires only a partial revolution to produce a disconnectigm therebetween.

Still another object of the inventin resides in the provision of an improved disconnectable coupling between a tubular string and a well packer, requiring only a fraction of a revolution to produce disconnection, but which coupling is nevertheless capable of transmitting longitudinal thrusts in both directions between the tubular string and packer.

This invention has-other objectsthat will become apparent froma consideration of the embodiment shown in the drawings accompanying and forming part of the present specifications. This form will now be described in detail, but it is to be understood that such detailed description is not to be taken in a limited sense, since the scope of the invention is best defined by the appended claims.

Referring to the drawings: Y

Figure l isfa longitudinal sectional and partial elevationalview of a rcleasable coupling consti-l tuted by the ends'of a tubular string and a well packer in the form of a cement retainer or bridge plug; f

Figure 2 is an enlarged fragmentary section, similar to Figure l, of the coupling device with 5 its parts in another operative position and the packer set within the well casing;

Figure 3 is a transverse section taken as indicated by the line 3-3,in Figure 2;

Figure 4 is a transverse section taken as indi- 10 cated by the line 4 4, in Figure 2; and

Figures 5, 6, 7 and 8 are diagrammatic views disclosing the relative positions that can be occupied by the various coupling elements.

The coupling device is illustrated as forming part of the upper end of a well packer A and the lower end of a tubular string B, by means of which the packer can be lowered to a desired position within a well casing C for the purpose of being anchored therein.

The well packer A is of the type described in United States Patent No. 2,121,051, and includes a body portion III carrying up-pressure slips II and down-pressure slips I2, which are adapted to be expanded into engagement with the walls of the casing C by the respective frusto-conical upper and lower expander members I3, I4 slidable on thev packer body and having tapered surfaces cooperable with companion surfaces on the segmental slips. Initially, the slips and cones` are held in ineffective or retracted positions by the various shear screws I 5, I 6 attaching them to the body and to each other. Relative longitudinal movement between the packer body, cones, and slips will shear the screws and produce radial outward movement of the slips into anchoring engagement with the casing.

In the instant case, the setting of the upper slips Il is effected by iluid under pressure. Thus, a packing sleeve I1 encompassing the body 40 is secured to and between the ends of the expander cones I3, Il. This packing can be elongated by the pressure of the fluid passing through the Ltubular string B into the body III and through ports I8 establishing commimication be- 45 tween the interior of the body and the interior of the extensible sleeve I1. This pressure can be builtV up after a tripping ball I 9 has been lowered through the tubular string and packer for seating engagement with a tripping ball seat 2! 50 at the lower end of the packer, which will close the longitudinal passage through the body and enable the fluid pressure to be increased.

The-duid under pressurewlll produce elongation of the packing vsleeve I1 in an upward direc- 55 Cil tion, shearing the various screws I and mo the cone l 3 along the slips I I to expand the latter members into contact with an abutment ring 2I secured to the body and into engagement with the casing. The taking of an upwardly directed strain on the tubular string and packer body will compress the packing sleeve I'I into sealing engagement' with both the packer body and casing walls, whereupon a'continuation of this strain and upward -travelA of the packer body III will shear the lower screws I6 and Imove'the lower slips I2 along the tapered face of its associated cone I4 radially into engagement with the casing.

Further details of construction. and operation i of the packer A are not essential to an understanding of 'the present invention and may be vfound in United States Patent No. 2,121,05L,

above referred to.

The present invention embodies a leak-proof coupling between the tubular string B and packer body III whose cooperable elements Acan be readily disconnected by rotating the tubular stringwith respect to the packer only a fraction of a revolution.. To achieve this plposefthe lower end or sub 22 of the tubular string is provided with external and circumferentially spaced lugs 23 adapted to cooperate with similarly spaced internal lugs 24 carried on the interior of the packer body. Adjacent cooperable lugs on the sub and packer body are of substantially the same arcuate extent, with the annularor arcuate spaces 25 between the lugs on each member greater in circular length than the arcuate extent of each adjacent lug on the other member, to permit alignment of the cooperable lugs when the sub 22 and packer body I0 are disposed in one relative load transmitting position, and alignment of the lugs 23 or 24 on one member with the intervening spaces 25 on the other member when the sub and packer body occupy another relative rotary position, in which complete disconnectionv between the body and sub can occur by moving one set of lugs 23 or 24 longitudinally through the spaces 25 between the other set. In

the instant case, the lugs 24 are placed on the -inner face of a sleeve 26 threadedly secured to the packer body and prevented from rotating therein by the set screw 21; but it is to be understood that these lugs could be formed integrallywith the packer body, if desired, the

specific construction disclosed being employed for convenience of manufacture and to obtain increased strength of the parts. I

As will be apparent from the gures, the external and internal lugs 23, 24 cooperate to transmit upwardly directed pulling effort between the sub 22 of the tubular string 'and the packer body I0. Downwardly directed thrust between the sub and packer body is transmitted between the under surface 23a of the lugs on the sub and an internal loulder or abutment 28 formed in the packer To limit and positively determine the positions of alignment between the various lugs and intervening spaces, stops or keys 29, 30 are provided externally.r on the tubular string and internally on the threaded sleeve. These keys or cooperable stops are circumferentially arranged so as to limit relative rotation between the lugs 23, 24 to either ofl two positions; the first being a position of longitudinal alignment between the lugs, permitting an upwardly directed strain to be exerted between them; and another position being complete disalignment between the lugs to the spaces 25 between the other set. The stops or keys 29, 30 are accordingly arranged above the lugs in such manner that when the sub 22 is rotated clockwise (as seen fromv the surface of the bore) its extent of relative travel with respect to the sleeve 26 is limited by engagement of the forward faces 23a of its stops with the rear faces 30h of the stops on the sleeve, as seen in Figure '7. In this position. the lower lugs' 23 on the sub can pass freely upwardly -between the other lugs 24. On the other hand, counter-clockwise movement of the sub relative to the sleeve is limited by engagement of the rear face 23D of each of its stops with an adjacent forward face 30a of another stop positioned to the right of the firstmentioned sleeve stop, as seen in Figure 6. In

this position, the lower lugs 23 on the sub are in alignment with the lugs 24 on the sleeve and disconnection between them cannot occur, but upwardly directed pulling eiort can take place.

In the operation of the coupling device in connection with the welllpackerJ shown in the drawings, the parts are initially assembled (as shown in Figure 1) with the lugs longitudinallyv ing rings 32, 33 carried by the sub, both above and below the cooperable lugs and keys, for slidable sealing engagement with the cylindrical bores Illa, |05 in the packer body. The assembled packer and tubular string can be lowered in the casing, being pushed through the mud or other fluid in the well by thethrust exerted between the lower lugs 23 and the internal shoulder 28 on the packer body (see Figures 1 and 5).

When the packer has been lowered in the casing to the desired setting point, the upper set of slips II is hydraulically tripped to anchor the packer to the casing against thrust exerted in an upward direction, as previously described. The taking of an upward strain on the tubular string B will then shear the screws 3| holding the sub lto the packer body, upward travel of the sub 22 with respect to the packer body I Il being limited by the engagement of the upper surfaces 23h on the lugs 23 with the under surfaces 24a of the internal lugs 24 on the threaded sleeve (see Figure 6). Despite this relative movement, the sealing rings 32, 33 continue to seal the joint against leakage. A continuation of the upward pull on the tubular string will move the packer body I0 upwardly with it, due to the engagement between the lugs, and eifect a packing-oi! of the rubber sleeve I 1 and the setting of the lower slips I2 in 'the manner aforementioned.. The parts are now in position for the performance of the desired operation within the well. If the well packer is to be used as a cement retainer, the required amount of cement slurry or other uid can be pumped through the tubular string and packer, after which the tubular string can be released or uncoupled from the packer.

Such release is easily accomplished, simply by 30, as disclosed in Figure 7. This brings the lugs 23 on the sub into alignmentI with the spaces 25 between the lugs 24 on the sleeve, and completely out of alignment with the latter lugs.` All that need be done thereafter is merely to raise the tubular string, as exemplified in Figure 8, and remove the sub completely from cooperative position with the lugs and stops on the sleeve.

Instead of a large number of revolutions being essential, as when a left-hand threaded coupling is employed, the specific design shown on the drawings only requires the sub 22 to be rotated about 1/8 of a revolution to produce complete disconnection between the tubular String B and the set packer A. The fraction of a revolution given is not intended to limit the invention since it is obvious that the extent of relative rotation be'- tween the tubular string and packer body is dependent upon the angular disposition and spacing of the lugs. Similarly, it is to be understood that it is not essential 'that the number oi keys or stops employed equal the number of lugs. Only one key on one of the members cooperable with one or two keys on the other member would suffice to selectively position the lugs relative to one another. Moreover, the coupling can be employed with other well packers than the one specifically disclosed, and with other specific types of devices.

I claim:

1. An apparatus of the character described comprising a well packer adapted to be anchored in awell casing: a tubular member for lowering said packer through said casing, one or more lugs on said packer, one or more lugs on said tubular member normally arranged below said packer lugs, cooperable stop means iixed to said tubular member and packer engageable with each other for positively limiting the extent of relative rotation and the relative angular positiors of said lugs, enabling them to be selectively positioned from the surface of the casing in longitudinal alignment or disalignment.

2. An apparatus of the character 'described comprising a well packer adapted to be anchored in a well casing, a tubular member for lowering saidl packer through said casing, circumferentially spaced lugs on said packer, cooperable circumferentially spaced lugs on said tubular member normally positioned below said packer lugs and adapted to bein longitudinal alignment with said packer lugs when in one relative angular position to allow thrust to be transmitted therebetween, and in longitudinal disalignment with said packer lugs when in another relative angular position to permit complete uncoupling between said tubular member and packer, and cooperable stops fixed to said tubular member and packer engageable with each other to positively "limit the relative angular positions occupied by said lugs.

3. An apparatus of the character described comprisingv a well packer adapted to be anchored in a well casing, a tubular member for lowering saidy packer through said casing, one or more lugs on said packer, one or more lugs on said tubular member normally arranged below said packer lugs, cooperable stop means on said tubular member and packer engageable with each other for positively limiting the extent of relative rotation and the relative angular positions of said lugs, enabling them to be selectively positioned in longitudinal alignment or disalignment, and frangible means connecting said tubular member and Well packer for maintaining said lugs in longitudinal alignment. v

tive rotation and the relative angular positions of said lugs, enabling them to be selectively positioned in longitudinal alignmenty or disalignment, frangible means lconnecting said tubular member and well packer to prevent their relative rotation, and an abutment on said packer belowsaid packer lugs engageable with the under surfaces of the lugs on said tubular member.I

5. An apparatus of the character described comprising a well packer adapted to be anchored in a well casing, a tubular member for lowering said packer through said casing, one or more' lugs on said packer, one or more lugs on said tubular member normally arranged below and spaced from said packer lugs, cooperable stop means on said tubular member and packer engageable with each other for positively limiting the extent of relative rotation and the relative angular positions of said lugs, enabling them to be selectively positionedl in longitudinai alignment or disalignment, and frangible means con-n necting said tubular member and well packer for maintaining said lugs in longitudinal alignment and spaced from one another.

d. in apparatus as defined in claim 5, means being provided between said tubular member and packer ior preventing leakage oi fluid therebetween.

'7. An apparatus of the character described comprising a well packer adapted to be anchored in a well casing,"a tubular member for lowering said packer through said casing, one or more lugs on said packer, one or more lugs on said tubular member arranged below said packer lugs, cooperable stop means on said tubular member and packer engageable with each other for positively limiting the extent of relative rotation between said tubular member and packer to position the lugs completely in longitudinal alignment or disalignrnent, and frangible means connecting said tubular member and well packer for preventingy their relative rotation and for maintaining said lugs in longitudinal alignment.

8. An apparatus of the character described, comprising a lpair of tubular members one positioned within the other, one or more lugs positioned on each of said members with the-lugs of one set arranged below those of the other set, stop means on said members engageable with each other for positively limiting the extent of relative rotation between said lugs to position them completely in longitudinal disalignment, and disconnectable means securing said members against relative rotation to maintain said lugs in longitudinal alignment.

9. A n apparatus of the character described comprising a pair of tubular members one positioned within the other, one'or more lugs positioned on each of said members With the lugs of one set arranged below and spaced from those of the other set, stop means on said members engageable with each other for positively limiting the extent of relative rotationbetween said lugs to position them completely in longitudinal disalignment, and shear means securing said members against relative movement to maintain said lugs initially in spaced relation and in longitudinal alignment.

10. An apparatus of the character described comprising a tubular member piloted within a second tubular member, a set of circumferentially spaced lugs on the inner surface of said second member, a cooperable set of circumferentially spaced lugs on the exterior of said rstnamed member arranged below and spaced from those of the other set, the arcuate extent of each lug Abeing less than that of the adjoining

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Cited By (20)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2584448A (en) * 1949-01-29 1952-02-05 Hern Carl Packer and slip assembly expanded by internal pressure
US2644524A (en) * 1946-11-04 1953-07-07 Baker Oil Tools Inc Tubing and well tool coupling
US2653007A (en) * 1948-11-03 1953-09-22 Sun Oil Co Apparatus for orienting tools
US2687775A (en) * 1950-07-10 1954-08-31 Baker Oil Tools Inc Setting tool and well packer
US2737248A (en) * 1950-07-10 1956-03-06 Baker Oil Tools Inc Nonrotary threaded coupling
US2815817A (en) * 1950-07-10 1957-12-10 Baker Oil Tools Inc Well packer and setting apparatus therefor
US2906344A (en) * 1956-04-20 1959-09-29 Baker Oil Tools Inc Retrievable well apparatus
US2961047A (en) * 1957-12-13 1960-11-22 Halliburton Oil Well Cementing Tubing latch
US3085628A (en) * 1959-02-18 1963-04-16 Lynes Inc Inflatable well tool
US3086594A (en) * 1961-07-14 1963-04-23 Baker Oil Tools Inc Subsurface well tool releasable lock devices
US3150718A (en) * 1960-10-13 1964-09-29 Baker Oil Tools Inc Subsurface retrieving apparatus
US3922009A (en) * 1974-07-05 1975-11-25 Byron Jackson Inc Coupling
US3974875A (en) * 1971-01-04 1976-08-17 Mcevoy Oilfield Equipment Co. Underwater well completion method and apparatus
US3987847A (en) * 1975-07-17 1976-10-26 Texaco Trinidad, Inc. Composite multiple zone test tool
US4264277A (en) * 1978-05-26 1981-04-28 The Boeing Company Redundant rotor blade retention system
US4477109A (en) * 1981-07-29 1984-10-16 Gfk Partnership Connector for hoses and the like
US4601492A (en) * 1982-10-20 1986-07-22 Geo Vann, Inc. Releasable coupling
US5058671A (en) * 1990-08-13 1991-10-22 Lindsey Completion Systems, Inc. Pipe insert assembly
US5058672A (en) * 1990-08-13 1991-10-22 Lindsey Completion Systems, Inc. Landing collar and float valve assembly
US6425443B1 (en) 2000-11-20 2002-07-30 Schlumberger Technology Corporation Pressure compensated disconnect system and method

Cited By (21)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2644524A (en) * 1946-11-04 1953-07-07 Baker Oil Tools Inc Tubing and well tool coupling
US2653007A (en) * 1948-11-03 1953-09-22 Sun Oil Co Apparatus for orienting tools
US2584448A (en) * 1949-01-29 1952-02-05 Hern Carl Packer and slip assembly expanded by internal pressure
US2687775A (en) * 1950-07-10 1954-08-31 Baker Oil Tools Inc Setting tool and well packer
US2737248A (en) * 1950-07-10 1956-03-06 Baker Oil Tools Inc Nonrotary threaded coupling
US2815817A (en) * 1950-07-10 1957-12-10 Baker Oil Tools Inc Well packer and setting apparatus therefor
US2906344A (en) * 1956-04-20 1959-09-29 Baker Oil Tools Inc Retrievable well apparatus
US2961047A (en) * 1957-12-13 1960-11-22 Halliburton Oil Well Cementing Tubing latch
US3085628A (en) * 1959-02-18 1963-04-16 Lynes Inc Inflatable well tool
US3150718A (en) * 1960-10-13 1964-09-29 Baker Oil Tools Inc Subsurface retrieving apparatus
US3086594A (en) * 1961-07-14 1963-04-23 Baker Oil Tools Inc Subsurface well tool releasable lock devices
US3974875A (en) * 1971-01-04 1976-08-17 Mcevoy Oilfield Equipment Co. Underwater well completion method and apparatus
US4053023A (en) * 1971-01-04 1977-10-11 Mcevoy Oilfield Equipment Co. Underwater well completion method and apparatus
US3922009A (en) * 1974-07-05 1975-11-25 Byron Jackson Inc Coupling
US3987847A (en) * 1975-07-17 1976-10-26 Texaco Trinidad, Inc. Composite multiple zone test tool
US4264277A (en) * 1978-05-26 1981-04-28 The Boeing Company Redundant rotor blade retention system
US4477109A (en) * 1981-07-29 1984-10-16 Gfk Partnership Connector for hoses and the like
US4601492A (en) * 1982-10-20 1986-07-22 Geo Vann, Inc. Releasable coupling
US5058671A (en) * 1990-08-13 1991-10-22 Lindsey Completion Systems, Inc. Pipe insert assembly
US5058672A (en) * 1990-08-13 1991-10-22 Lindsey Completion Systems, Inc. Landing collar and float valve assembly
US6425443B1 (en) 2000-11-20 2002-07-30 Schlumberger Technology Corporation Pressure compensated disconnect system and method

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