US2199625A - Double-piston internal combustion engine - Google Patents

Double-piston internal combustion engine Download PDF

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Publication number
US2199625A
US2199625A US211765A US21176538A US2199625A US 2199625 A US2199625 A US 2199625A US 211765 A US211765 A US 211765A US 21176538 A US21176538 A US 21176538A US 2199625 A US2199625 A US 2199625A
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crank
piston
internal combustion
double
pistons
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US211765A
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Fiala-Fernbrugg Benno
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Fiala-Fernbrugg Benno
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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F02COMBUSTION ENGINES; HOT-GAS OR COMBUSTION-PRODUCT ENGINE PLANTS
    • F02BINTERNAL-COMBUSTION PISTON ENGINES; COMBUSTION ENGINES IN GENERAL
    • F02B75/00Other engines
    • F02B75/28Engines with two or more pistons reciprocating within same cylinder or within essentially coaxial cylinders
    • F02B75/282Engines with two or more pistons reciprocating within same cylinder or within essentially coaxial cylinders the pistons having equal strokes
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T74/00Machine element or mechanism
    • Y10T74/18Mechanical movements
    • Y10T74/18056Rotary to or from reciprocating or oscillating
    • Y10T74/18208Crank, pitman, and slide
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T74/00Machine element or mechanism
    • Y10T74/21Elements
    • Y10T74/2142Pitmans and connecting rods
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T74/00Machine element or mechanism
    • Y10T74/21Elements
    • Y10T74/2142Pitmans and connecting rods
    • Y10T74/2143Radial
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T74/00Machine element or mechanism
    • Y10T74/21Elements
    • Y10T74/2164Cranks and pedals
    • Y10T74/2165Cranks and pedals with attached gear

Description

May 1940- B. FlALA-FERNBRUGG 2,199,625
DOUBLE-PISTON INTERNAL coMBUs'ripn ENGINE Filed Ju 4, 1933 3 Sheets-Sheet 1 Fig.1 F5 2 In ventor:
May 7, 1940. B. FlALA-FERNBRUGG DOUBLE-PISTON INTERNALOOMBUSTION ENGINE Filed June 4, 1958 5 Sheets-Sheet 2 In vent P: 514? M21 y 7, 1940- B. FlALA-FERNBRUGG 2.1 9.625
" DOUBLE-PISTON INTERNAL COMBUSTQIQN ENGINE Filed June 4, 1938 5 Sheets-Sheet 3 Patented May 7, 1940 UNITED STATES DOUBLE-PISTON INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE Benno Fiaia-Fernbrusl, Vienna, Germany Application. June 4, 1938, Serial No. 211,765 In Germany, formerly Austria, June 11, 1937 7 Claims.
My invention relates to a double-piston internal combustion engine, that is to say an internal combustion engine, wherein two pistons work in a common cylinder and drive diflerent crank shafts or a common crank shaft. Hitherto, in such double-piston internal combustion engines the ordinary crank drive wasemployed for taking the drive from the pistons, that is to say a crank drive, wherein the crank pins move on circular paths.
My invention differs from the known doublepiston internal combustion engines in that for the drive of at least one of the two pistons a piston drive operating according to the cycloid system is provided, wherein the crank pin describes a 'cyclpid, for example a hypocycloid.
Where the two pistons drive a common crank shaft, the cycloid drive is conveniently employed in conjunction with the inner piston, and possibly also in conjunction with the outer piston.
If a separate crank shaft is provided for each piston, the cycloid crank drive may be employed in conjunction with one of the crank shafts or in conjunction with both crank shafts.
In the case of a multi-cylinder engine with aligned cylinders, the cycloid crank drives may be alternately employed for driving one and the other of the crank shafts, for a favorable distribution of the masses.
In some cases it is of advantage to construct the cycloid crank drive encased.
The cycloid system crank drive is known in itself, but hitherto it has not been employed in conjunction with double-piston internal combustion engines. In such engines however, its employment ofiers distinct technical advantages, as will be explained hereinafter.
In the drawings accompany ng this specification and forming part thereof two embodiments of double-piston internal combustion engines according to my invention are illustrated diagrammatically by way of example.
In the drawings:
Figs. 1 and 2 show a double-piston internal combustion engine, wherein each piston actuates a separate crank shaft, the figures being sections in planes perpendicular to one another.
Figs. 3 to 5 are similar representations of a double-piston internal combustion engine according to my invention, wherein the pistons actuate a common crank shaft, Fig. 4 being a section in the plane IV-IV of Fig. 3 and Fig. 5 a section in the plane VV of Fig. 3.
Figs. .6 and 7 indicate the paths of the crank pins and of the pistons of the engines shown in Figs. 1 and 2 and Figs. 3 to 5 respectively.
' In all Figures 1 to 5, l is the cylinder, in which the upper piston 2 and the lower piston ii move. The mixture is drawn in through suction slots 4 and the combustion gases are expelled through exhaust slots 5. The mixture is ignited by means In the embodimentshown in Figs. 1 and 2 each piston actuates a separate crank shaft I and 8 respectively. The crank shafts are interconnected by means of gears 9 to II of a suitable ratio, for example 1 to 2, the intermediate gear l0 rotating about an axle' l0 (Fig. 2) fast on the casing l2, while the other two gears are keyed to their associated crank shafts. The crank shafts themselves are suitably mounted in a rotatable manner in the casing I2- In the embodiment shown in Figs. 1 and 2 each of the pistons 2 and 3 is connected to the associated crank shaft through a hypocycloid crank drive. For this purpose each of the' crank pins I3 and ll of the crank shafts I and 8 carries loosely a sleeve l5 and I6 respectively, each of which carries a gear l1 and i8 respectively and an eccentric l9 and 20 respectively, the gear I! and eccentric IS on the one hand and the gear l8 and the eccentric 20 on the other hand being rigidly interconnected. The gears l1 and I8 roll on the fixed internally toothed annuli 2| and 22 respectively. The connecting rods 23 and 24 of the pistons 3 and 2 embrace with their big ends 25 and 26 the eccentrics l9 and 20 respectively.
The operation of this arrangement is as follows: The combustible mixture is drawn into the cylinder through the suction slots 4, ignited with the aid of the sparking plug 6 and the combustion gases are expelled from the cylinder through the exhaust slots 5. The reciprocatory movement of the pistons 2 and 3 is transmitted through the hypocycloid crank drive to the crank shafts l and 8. During the clockwise rotation of the crank shaft 1 the gear I! rotatably mounted on the crank pin. I3 rolls on the annulus 2|,
so that the centre of the associated eccentric l9, which is rigidly connected to the gear' II, describes the cycloid 01 illustrated in'Fig. 6. The associated piston 3 describes at uniform rotational speed of the crank shaft 1 the time-distance diagram K1 shown in Fig. 6. C2 and K2 are the corresponding diagrams for the upper eccentric 20 and the upper piston 2. \w
In the embodiment shown in Figs. 1 and 2 the two pistons are connected totheir'crank shafts through respective hypocycloid crank drives, but it is possible, without deviating from the spirit of my invention, to substitute one of these crank drives by an ordinary crank drive,.wherein the crank pin describes a circle. An embodiment of this nature is shown in Figs. 3 to 5 in conjunction with an engine, wherein both pistons act upon a common crank shaft 1. In this embodiment only the lower piston 3 is connected to the; crank shaft I through a hypocycloid drive, which comprises, as the embodiment previously described, an eccentric l9, 9. gear I'l rigidly connected thereto and an internally toothed annulus 2 I. But the gears l1 and 2| are not in direct engagement, they are interconnected through change speed gears 21 and 28, which are fast with one another, the gear 21 being an internally toothed annulus and meshing with the gear l1 and the gear 28 meshing with the annulus 2|. The gears 21 and 28 are loosely rotatable about a crank element 29, which connects the crank shaft 1 to the crank pin l3, on which the gear I! and the eccentric 19 are freely rotatable. The upper piston 2 is connected to the crank shaft 1 through an ordinary circular crank drive of infinite connecting rod length, comprising links-30 engaging a slide 32, in which a crank pin 3| of the shaft 1 reciprocates with the aid of a cross slide 33. In such a crank drive the higher harmonics do not arise.
The ratio between the gears I1 and 21 and 28 and 2| respectively is preferably such that the total ratio is 1 to 3.
The operation of the engine according to Figs. 3 to 5 is in principle similar to that of the engine shown' in Figs. 1 and 2. The centre of the eccentric l9 describes the cycloid C1 shown in Fig. '7 and the piston 3 connected to the eccentric l9 describes the time-distance curve K1 also shown in Fig. '7. The centre of the crank .pin 3| describes the circle k shown in Fig. 7 and the timedistance curve of the piston 2-is indicated in this figure at K2.
The connection of the outer piston 2 to the crank shaft I. might also be effected with the aid of two cranks and two connecting rods of finite connecting rod length.
Figs. 6 and '7 show that as regards the lower piston 3, there are four piston strokes of different lengths at each complete revolution of the associated crank shaft, (see time-distance diagrams K1 for the piston 3). Consequently, the double piston engine according to my invention has a characteristic which is substantially different from that of the known double-piston engines. The
time-distance diagrams of the piston of a doublepiston engine according to my invention present the picture of a two-stroke engine with practically complete expulsion of the combustion gases without scavenging pump and with inner cooling of the cylinder by an expansion stroke.
Further, in the double-piston engines according to my invention the suction volume is smaller than the working expansion volume, so that the operating pressures are well utilized, which is particularly important in the case of compression engines. Moreover, the engine according to my invention requires no control elements and the working pistons pass by the suction and exhaust slots, which are so disposed that the engine can operate according to the continuous fiow principle.
The engine according to my invention may be constructed as a carburetter, Diesel or semiin the direction of rotation of the crank shaft or in the opposite direction, that is to say if the angles a and 5 (Fig. 6) through which the cycloid lines of symmetry deviate from the cylinder axis are variable, the compression ratio of the doublepiston engine may be altered during running or while stationary, for example it may be increased or decreased. If the engine and the device for turning and fixing the annuli are suitably constructed, the engine may be changed over to reverse rotation by turning the annuli about their axes opposite the direction of rotation of the engine, i. e. by altering the sign of a or p.
I wish it to be understood that I do not desire to be limited to the exact details of construction shown and described for obvious modifications will occur to a person skilled in the art.
In the claims appended to this specification no selection of any particular modification of the invention is intended to the exclusion of other modifications thereof and the right to subsequently make claim to any modification not covered by these claims is expressly reserved.
I claim:
1. In an internal combustion engine, the combination of a crank shaft, a cylinder, opposing pistons in said cylinder having a combustion chamber'between them, a driving means between said pistons and said crank shaft comprising a cycloid drive for one of said pistons adapted to' reverse the direction of movement of said piston in said cylinder at least four times for each rotation of said crank shaft so as to give four piston strokes of said piston for each such crank shaft rotation.
2. An internal combustion engine as set forth in claim 1 in which the cycloid drive is hypocycloid and is set with relation to the crank shaftto give unequal piston strokes of its corresponding piston.
3. An internal combustion engine as set forth in claim 1 in which the cycloid drive includes a generating gear and an annulus and a change speed gearing disposed between the generating gear and: the annulus.
4. In an internal combustion engine, the combination of a crank shaft, a cylinder, opposing pistons in said cylinder having a combustion chamber between them, a driving means between said pistons and said crank shaft comprising a cycloid drive for each of said pistons, said drives being adapted to give two stages of approach of said cylinders toward each other for each rotation of the said crank shaft.
5. An internal combustion engine as set forth in claim 4 in which the driving means between the pistons and the crank shaft are hypocycloid crank drives.
6. In an internal combustion engine, the combination of a crank shaft, 2. cylinder, opposing pistons in said cylinder having a combustion chamber between them, a driving means between said pistons and said crank shaft comprising a cycloid crank drive for an inner piston adjacent said crank shaft and a circular crank drive for the other outer piston at greater distance from said crank shaft.
7. An internal combustion engine as set forth in claim 6 in which said driving means between the pistons and the crank shaft embody a connecting rod of infinite length employing a crank loop around the crank shaft having a transverse sliding movement relative to said crank shaft.
US211765A 1937-06-11 1938-06-04 Double-piston internal combustion engine Expired - Lifetime US2199625A (en)

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Cited By (34)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2506693A (en) * 1946-12-04 1950-05-09 Voisin Gabriel Connecting rod system for crankshafts
US2695522A (en) * 1953-03-17 1954-11-30 Walter A Papworth Power hand tool
US2844040A (en) * 1953-05-25 1958-07-22 Bancroft Charles Fluid displacement machine
US3686972A (en) * 1970-05-28 1972-08-29 Edward M Mcwhorter Internal combustion engine variable throw crankshaft
US3693464A (en) * 1971-07-08 1972-09-26 Gerhard Wieckmann Reciprocating-rotary motion conversion device
US3857292A (en) * 1973-04-30 1974-12-31 J Brems Linear indexing mechanism
US3861239A (en) * 1972-06-05 1975-01-21 Edward M Mcwhorter Internal combustion engine combustion control crankshaft
US3868931A (en) * 1972-07-18 1975-03-04 Jean Ernest Dutry Internal combustion engine
US4026252A (en) * 1975-08-08 1977-05-31 Wrin John W Engine construction
US4173151A (en) * 1977-06-30 1979-11-06 Grundy Reed H Motion translating mechanism
US4245516A (en) * 1979-06-25 1981-01-20 Delta Associated Industries Corp. Cycloidal drive
US4270395A (en) * 1977-06-30 1981-06-02 Grundy Reed H Motion translating mechanism
US4380972A (en) * 1979-07-09 1983-04-26 Parkins Malcolm Frederick Internal combustion engines
US4526141A (en) * 1983-02-15 1985-07-02 The Commonwealth Of Australia Drive arrangement for internal combustion engine
US6230683B1 (en) 1997-08-22 2001-05-15 Cummins Engine Company, Inc. Premixed charge compression ignition engine with optimal combustion control
US6276334B1 (en) 1998-02-23 2001-08-21 Cummins Engine Company, Inc. Premixed charge compression ignition engine with optimal combustion control
US6286482B1 (en) 1996-08-23 2001-09-11 Cummins Engine Company, Inc. Premixed charge compression ignition engine with optimal combustion control
WO2003008784A1 (en) * 2001-07-20 2003-01-30 Dmitry Viktorovich Anashin Internal combustion engine
US6526935B2 (en) 2001-06-08 2003-03-04 Ralph Shaw Cardioid cycle internal combustion engine
US7185557B2 (en) 2004-06-29 2007-03-06 Thomas Mark Venettozzi Epitrochoidal crankshaft mechanism and method
GB2431695A (en) * 2005-10-28 2007-05-02 Gregory Lawrence Leonard Internal combustion five-stroke engine with opposed pistons and eccentric gearing
US20070215093A1 (en) * 2006-03-16 2007-09-20 Achates Power, Llc Opposed piston internal-combustion engine with hypocycloidal drive and generator apparatus
US20080047530A1 (en) * 2006-04-18 2008-02-28 Cleeves James M Internal combustion engine
US20080223342A1 (en) * 2005-09-06 2008-09-18 Hcci Technology Ab Two-Stroke Engine with Variable Compression
US20090178641A1 (en) * 2007-12-17 2009-07-16 Dawson Lyle Engine
US20090272259A1 (en) * 2007-01-05 2009-11-05 Efficient-V, Inc. Motion translation mechanism
US20100147269A1 (en) * 2008-11-23 2010-06-17 Cleeves Engines Inc. Internal Combustion Engine With Optimal Bore-To-Stroke Ratio
ITRM20100530A1 (en) * 2010-10-11 2011-01-10 Nargiso Matteo 4-stroke internal combustion engine with variable distance of the center of the big end from the axis of the crankshaft
NL1037630C2 (en) * 2010-01-18 2011-07-19 Cornelis Marinus Inniger 4-stroke double-purpose combustion engine with 2 combustions per cylinder at 360 degree circulation revolution.
WO2015069536A1 (en) * 2013-11-05 2015-05-14 Lippitt Raymond F Engine with central gear train
US9175609B2 (en) 2010-10-08 2015-11-03 Pinnacle Engines, Inc. Control of combustion mixtures and variability thereof with engine load
US9206749B2 (en) 2009-06-04 2015-12-08 Pinnacle Engines, Inc. Variable compression ratio systems for opposed-piston and other internal combustion engines, and related methods of manufacture and use
US9316150B2 (en) 2012-07-02 2016-04-19 Pinnacle Engines, Inc. Variable compression ratio diesel engine
US9650951B2 (en) 2010-10-08 2017-05-16 Pinnacle Engines, Inc. Single piston sleeve valve with optional variable compression ratio capability

Cited By (51)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2506693A (en) * 1946-12-04 1950-05-09 Voisin Gabriel Connecting rod system for crankshafts
US2695522A (en) * 1953-03-17 1954-11-30 Walter A Papworth Power hand tool
US2844040A (en) * 1953-05-25 1958-07-22 Bancroft Charles Fluid displacement machine
US3686972A (en) * 1970-05-28 1972-08-29 Edward M Mcwhorter Internal combustion engine variable throw crankshaft
US3693464A (en) * 1971-07-08 1972-09-26 Gerhard Wieckmann Reciprocating-rotary motion conversion device
US3861239A (en) * 1972-06-05 1975-01-21 Edward M Mcwhorter Internal combustion engine combustion control crankshaft
US3868931A (en) * 1972-07-18 1975-03-04 Jean Ernest Dutry Internal combustion engine
US3857292A (en) * 1973-04-30 1974-12-31 J Brems Linear indexing mechanism
US4026252A (en) * 1975-08-08 1977-05-31 Wrin John W Engine construction
US4173151A (en) * 1977-06-30 1979-11-06 Grundy Reed H Motion translating mechanism
US4270395A (en) * 1977-06-30 1981-06-02 Grundy Reed H Motion translating mechanism
US4245516A (en) * 1979-06-25 1981-01-20 Delta Associated Industries Corp. Cycloidal drive
US4380972A (en) * 1979-07-09 1983-04-26 Parkins Malcolm Frederick Internal combustion engines
US4526141A (en) * 1983-02-15 1985-07-02 The Commonwealth Of Australia Drive arrangement for internal combustion engine
US6915776B2 (en) 1996-08-23 2005-07-12 Cummins Inc. Premixed charge compression ignition engine with optimal combustion control
US6286482B1 (en) 1996-08-23 2001-09-11 Cummins Engine Company, Inc. Premixed charge compression ignition engine with optimal combustion control
US20040103860A1 (en) * 1996-08-23 2004-06-03 Cummins Inc. Premixed charge compression ignition engine with optimal combustion control
US6230683B1 (en) 1997-08-22 2001-05-15 Cummins Engine Company, Inc. Premixed charge compression ignition engine with optimal combustion control
US6276334B1 (en) 1998-02-23 2001-08-21 Cummins Engine Company, Inc. Premixed charge compression ignition engine with optimal combustion control
US6526935B2 (en) 2001-06-08 2003-03-04 Ralph Shaw Cardioid cycle internal combustion engine
WO2003008784A1 (en) * 2001-07-20 2003-01-30 Dmitry Viktorovich Anashin Internal combustion engine
US7185557B2 (en) 2004-06-29 2007-03-06 Thomas Mark Venettozzi Epitrochoidal crankshaft mechanism and method
US20080223342A1 (en) * 2005-09-06 2008-09-18 Hcci Technology Ab Two-Stroke Engine with Variable Compression
US7568453B2 (en) * 2005-09-06 2009-08-04 Hcci Technology Ab Two-stroke engine with variable compression
GB2431695A (en) * 2005-10-28 2007-05-02 Gregory Lawrence Leonard Internal combustion five-stroke engine with opposed pistons and eccentric gearing
US20100109343A1 (en) * 2006-03-16 2010-05-06 Achates Power, Inc. Generating electricity with a hypocyloidally driven, opposed piston, internal combustion engine
US20070215093A1 (en) * 2006-03-16 2007-09-20 Achates Power, Llc Opposed piston internal-combustion engine with hypocycloidal drive and generator apparatus
US7640910B2 (en) 2006-03-16 2010-01-05 Achates Power, Inc Opposed piston internal-combustion engine with hypocycloidal drive and generator apparatus
US7931005B2 (en) 2006-03-16 2011-04-26 Achates Power, Inc. Generating electricity with a hypocyloidally driven, opposed piston, internal combustion engine
US7921817B2 (en) 2006-04-18 2011-04-12 Cleeves Engines Inc. Internal combustion engine
US20090266329A1 (en) * 2006-04-18 2009-10-29 Cleeves Engines Inc. Internal combustion engine
US20090266339A1 (en) * 2006-04-18 2009-10-29 Cleeves Engines Inc. Internal combustion engine
CN101427012B (en) * 2006-04-18 2014-11-05 品纳科动力有限公司 An internal combustion engine
US7559298B2 (en) * 2006-04-18 2009-07-14 Cleeves Engines Inc. Internal combustion engine
US20080047530A1 (en) * 2006-04-18 2008-02-28 Cleeves James M Internal combustion engine
US8651086B2 (en) 2006-04-18 2014-02-18 Pinnacle Engines, Inc. Internal combustion engine
US8365697B2 (en) 2006-04-18 2013-02-05 Pinnacle Engines, Inc. Internal combustion engine
WO2007121086A3 (en) * 2006-04-18 2008-05-15 James M Cleeves An internal combustion engine
US9745915B2 (en) 2006-04-18 2017-08-29 Pinnacle Engines, Inc Internal combustion engine
US8375919B2 (en) 2007-01-05 2013-02-19 Efficient-V, Inc. Motion translation mechanism
US20090272259A1 (en) * 2007-01-05 2009-11-05 Efficient-V, Inc. Motion translation mechanism
US20090178641A1 (en) * 2007-12-17 2009-07-16 Dawson Lyle Engine
US20100147269A1 (en) * 2008-11-23 2010-06-17 Cleeves Engines Inc. Internal Combustion Engine With Optimal Bore-To-Stroke Ratio
US9206749B2 (en) 2009-06-04 2015-12-08 Pinnacle Engines, Inc. Variable compression ratio systems for opposed-piston and other internal combustion engines, and related methods of manufacture and use
NL1037630C2 (en) * 2010-01-18 2011-07-19 Cornelis Marinus Inniger 4-stroke double-purpose combustion engine with 2 combustions per cylinder at 360 degree circulation revolution.
US9175609B2 (en) 2010-10-08 2015-11-03 Pinnacle Engines, Inc. Control of combustion mixtures and variability thereof with engine load
US9650951B2 (en) 2010-10-08 2017-05-16 Pinnacle Engines, Inc. Single piston sleeve valve with optional variable compression ratio capability
ITRM20100530A1 (en) * 2010-10-11 2011-01-10 Nargiso Matteo 4-stroke internal combustion engine with variable distance of the center of the big end from the axis of the crankshaft
US9316150B2 (en) 2012-07-02 2016-04-19 Pinnacle Engines, Inc. Variable compression ratio diesel engine
US9719444B2 (en) 2013-11-05 2017-08-01 Raymond F. Lippitt Engine with central gear train
WO2015069536A1 (en) * 2013-11-05 2015-05-14 Lippitt Raymond F Engine with central gear train

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