US2196166A - Data reproducing machine - Google Patents

Data reproducing machine Download PDF

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US2196166A
US2196166A US282205A US28220539A US2196166A US 2196166 A US2196166 A US 2196166A US 282205 A US282205 A US 282205A US 28220539 A US28220539 A US 28220539A US 2196166 A US2196166 A US 2196166A
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film
control
data
color
colored
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US282205A
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James W Bryce
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International Business Machines Corp
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International Business Machines Corp
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    • GPHYSICS
    • G06COMPUTING; CALCULATING; COUNTING
    • G06KRECOGNITION OF DATA; PRESENTATION OF DATA; RECORD CARRIERS; HANDLING RECORD CARRIERS
    • G06K7/00Methods or arrangements for sensing record carriers, e.g. for reading patterns
    • G06K7/10Methods or arrangements for sensing record carriers, e.g. for reading patterns by electromagnetic radiation, e.g. optical sensing; by corpuscular radiation
    • G06K7/12Methods or arrangements for sensing record carriers, e.g. for reading patterns by electromagnetic radiation, e.g. optical sensing; by corpuscular radiation using a selected wavelength, e.g. to sense red marks and ignore blue marks
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10STECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10S116/00Signals and indicators
    • Y10S116/15Projection

Description

April 2, 1940. w. BRYCE DATA REPRODUCING MACHINE 8 Sheets-Sheet 2 Fled June 30, 1939 INVENT R ATTORNEY April 2, 1940. J BRYCE 2196166 'DATA REPRODUCING MACHINE Filed June 50, 19159 8 Sheets-She et 3 NVENTOR A'TORNEY A 2, 1940. J. w. BRYCE DATA REPRODUCING MACHINE Fi1ed June 30, 1939 8 Sheets-Sheet INVENTOR ATTORNEY mNN April 2, 1940. 1 w BRYCE 2.196,166

- DATA REPRODUC ING MACHINE Filed June 50, 1939 8 Sheets-Sheet 5 INVENTOR ATTORNEY April 2, 1940.

J. W. BRYCE DATA REPRODUCING MACHINE Filed June 30, 1939 8 Sheets Sheet .6

C 2% CC MASTER FILM FEED DETA\L FILM FEED cAM |'70 CAM |8| CAM 205 INVENTOR B W ATTORNEY April 1940. J. w. BRYCE 2196,166 DATA REPRODUCING MACHINE Filed June 50, 1939 a Sheets-Shet 7 ATTORNEY Pmmd Apr. 2, 1940 UNITED STATES P-ATENT OFFICE DATA aaraonncmc MACHINE Application June 30, 1939, Serial No. 282,205

10 Claims.

This invention relates to improvements in data reproducing machines and more particularly to -improvements in film printing or reproducing machines wherein data are derived from a master colored film record and imprinted selectively upon one or more detail colorfllm records.

The reproducing machine forming the subject matter of the instant application is intended for use with photographic control elements or records for statistical and accounting data, which control records upon reproduction are adapted for controlling the operations of the statistical machines in accordance with the data designations disposed thereon and also in accordance with the colors of the data designations imparted thereto. Controlling the statistical operations of suitable statistical and accounting machines forms no part of the present invention, therefore, no description of such operations will be given in the instant application.

The nevel control elements which are used and reproduced in the present invention comprise a continuous strip of photographic color film, upon which are formed a plurality of individual records at successively spaced intervals along the film. The said individual records comprise groups of data designations in the form of discrete and diierently colored control spots which are disposed in diierent positions in different columns on the records, so as to represent by their relative positions thereon the numerical control values thereoi. The photographic control elements described in the present application are claimed in a separate and copending application Serial No. 208,086 filed May 14, 1938.

An object of the present invention resides in the provlsion of means for analyzing a master control record, of the type referred to, having colored data designations and upon sensng such data deslgnatlons to control the reproduction or imprinting of the sensed data designations upon one or more detail control records.

Accordingly, provislon is made whereby ph0tographic control records are presented successively to a single analyzing er sensing station whereat the records are transilluminated so that the dii'ferentlycolored data designations are sensed and eifective to control er condition sutably arranged light responsive means in accordance with the color of the sensed designations. The colored light rays set up by the control spots or data designations are directed to a plurality of photocells by means of light conducting rods, the said photocells being provided with diflerent color illters so that one 01 them is eflective to absorb or block otl the color rays from the associated photocell and thus condition it to render a suitable amplifying means operative for control purposes. Now, in the chosen illustration, means are provided whereby the operations of diierentially 5 positionable members are controlled in accordance with the values of the data control spots and also in accordance with the color of the sensed data control spots to reproduce upon one or more detail color films the colored control 10 spots sensed, or if desired to reproduce the control spots in any predetermined and selected colors irrespective of the color of the sensed control spots. Provision is also made whereby the reproduction of the control spots in diierent and 15 selected colors, irrespective of the color of. the sensed spots, is under the control of a supplemental control spot appearing on the master film record.

'I'herefore, another object of the present in- 20 vention resides in the provision of means under control of the colored data designations disposd on the master control elements for effecting reproduction of said colored data designations upon one or more detail control elements, or repro- 25 ducing the designations upon the said detail elements in dfierent colors than those formed on the master elements.

A nother object resides in the provision of means, under control of a supplemental control 30 spot en the master record, for eifecting reproduction of the data designations upon one or more detail records selectively in different colors, irrespective of the colors of the sensed control spots representing the data designations on the master records.

Other objects of the invention will be pointed out in the folowing description and claims and i1- lustrated in the accompanying drawings, which disclose, by way of example, the principle of the 40 invention and the best mode, which has been contemplated, of applying that principle.

In the drawings:

Fig. 1 is a fragmentary section 01 a portion of the machine control element.

Fig. 2 is a diagrammatic view of the record analyzer.

Fig. 3 is a sectional view of the film feeding and analyzing means.

Fig. 4 is a plan view of the fllm feeding and analyzing means shown in 'Fig. 3.

Fig. 5 is a detail view of. the fllm eeding means.

Fig. 6 is a sectional view of the film reproducing unit shcwing the essential elements thereof. 55

Fig. 7 is a plan view of the elements shown in Fis. 6.

Fig. 8 is a detail of the indicia slldes.

Fig. 9 is a timing chart of certain of the control elements.

Figs. 10a and. 1012 when taken together form a wring diagram of the control circuits of the machine.

Fig. 10c is a wiring diagram of a modified control circuit of the machine.

The control records will be described first followed thereby by a description of the novel record analyzer, then by a description of the different control units utlized in one form of reproducing machine adapted to be controlled by the control record and record analyzer.

Photographic control records Referring now to Fig. 1, the photographc control element 20 shown therein is a fragmentary section of a continuous strip of photographic color film, provided with the usual feed apertures 24, upon which film are formed a plurality of individual records a te e comprising groups of data designations 22 in the form of discrete and differently colored control spots. One type of color film which is suitable for the purposes described in the instant application is the Agfacolor film which comprses a single unitary film structure consisting of a support upon which is coated in thin superimposed layers a plurality of light sensitive emulsions, each particularly sensitive to one of the primary colors. By exposing such a film to a colored object, three separate color records arerecorded sirnultaneously, each sensitized layer recording the image to which it is colorsensitive. The color formation is brought about by the development of the film. Assume that the film 20 has been suitably exposed to record the data thereon in color and that the color formation of the data as designated is brought out by development of the recorded film.

The spot representation 2! on each record represents supplemental control data and the spot representations 22 represent amount data. The data represented by the reference character 23 are shown merely for interpreting the associated coded control spots and are not used for controlling machine operations. Assume that the data shown in the individual records a and b are formecl in red color, the data in record e in blue, the data in record d in green, and the data in record e in black.

The spot representations 2l and 22 are photographic machine control spot representations and each set of numerical data comprses one or more control spots in such relative position, in different columnar areas, upon the film record as to represent by their relative position thereon the numerical control value thereof. In practice and according to the embodiment shown, such numerical spot representations are shown on the film in index point relation in general conformance with the manner in which index perforatiens are disposed on pertorated record cards in the Hollerith accounting system. That is, the diierential position of a control spotrepresentation delineates the numerical value of a particular numeral. This will be clear by referring to the figure and. particularly record a wherein the data represented by the designations or control spots 22 represent the amount twenty-seven. It is noted that the supplemental control spot 2! for each record is formed thereon in the 0" index point position of a selected column. The

purpose of this supplemental control spot will be understood as the deseription progresses.

It will be understood that the completed fiim has photographic reproductions thereon at successively spaced intervals along the film and that the reproductions are in extremely compact form, accordingly, a large quantity of statistical information can be placed on an extremely small controlling record.

Method of analyzing color of datadesignatons Referring now to Fig. 2 the method of analyzing the colored control spots iormed on the film will now be explained briefiy. Assume that the film 20 is advanced in the direction shown by the arrow past the sensing station which is represented by an aperture 25 in the opaque member 25, and that the color of the control spot presented to the said sensing station is red. Light rays emanating from a suitable source 21 are directed by the condenser 20 to the aperture 25 to permeate the secton of the film presented to the said aperture. The red rays transmitted by the control spot are directed to diierent photocells 29a, 2% and 20c by means of the light conducting means comprising a three-way quartz rod member 30. Suitable 1ight ray filters 3I to 33 are disposed between the individual legs of the quartz rod member and the associated photocells. Assume that the filter 3! is a cyan color filter designed to pass the difierent colored rays excepting red rays which are absorbed by this filter, that the filter 32 is a magenta color filter permitting the colored rays, with the exception of green, to pass therethrough and that the filter 33 is a yellow color filter permitting the colored rays, with the exception of blue, to pass therethrough.

Now, since the red light rays are directed by the individual legs of the quartz member 30 to the individual filters 3! to 33, it is understood that the said rays are permitted to pass through the magenta and yellow filters to impinge upon the associated photocells 2022 and 23e, respectively, but are absorbed by the cyan filter so that no light rays are transmitted to the associated photocell 23a. Upon presentation of a blue control spot to the sensng station, it is seen that the cyan and magenta filters permit the rays to be transmitted to photocells 29a and 2%, respectively, whereas no blue light rays are transmitted by the yellow filter to the photocell 23e, and upon sensing a green control spot, liglit rays are transmitted to photocells 29a and 23c but not to photocell 2%. In the event that a black control spot is presented to the sensing station, no light rays are transmitted to any of the three photocells, namely, 29a te 29e.

Suitable amplifiers 34 are connected to the said photocells 29a to 290 (Sec Fig. 10a) in a manner well known in the art so that it is considered necessary only to state that when licht rays are impinging on the photocells the associated amplifiers are conditioned so that no current fiows in its output circuit, whereas, when no light rays are transmitted to the photocells the associated amplifiers are conditioned so that current fiows in the output circuits thereof as long as the light rays impins thereon. The purpose of this arrangement will be understood as the description progresses.

Film leedna a.nd sens1lg means Referring now to Figs. 3, 4 and 5, the photographic color film 20 is shown disposed on a supplyspool or reel 30. The film is attached to 15 a take-up reel 36 and may be advanced by suitable drlving connections cooperating with shafts 31 and 38 by means of suitable film feeding sprockets 39 and 40 secured to the said shafts, respectively, which sprockets cooperate with the film feed apertures 24 in the film. The film is fed past the analyzing station comprising the sensing aperture 25 and transllluminated by the light rays emanating from the light source 21 and directed thereto by the condenser 28. The said scanning aperture is arrang ed to present en opening suificient to permit the scanning of a single transverse row of data. or control spots only and is provided to extend transversely across the film record to any desired extent so as to permit the desired sections on the film to be sensed. The reference characters 29a, 41a and 42a designated in Fig. 4 represent the plurality of rows of photocells which are disposed at the analyzing station and controlled by the light rays impinging thereon. Each row of photocells, in the present illustration, comprises three photocells, for exarnple, in Fig. 3, they are designated 29a to 290. It is understood for each columnar area on the film, three individual photocells are provided and arranged as described. For each row or order of photocells a three way light conducting member 30 is provided, said member comprises a quartz r0d member having three conducting legs for transmitting the light rays from the sensing aperture 25 to the associated photocells. The said quartz members are suitably supported by the block 43 and as mentioned the legs thereof extend from each photocell to the analyzing station where the common legs are positioned adjacent to one another along the sensing aperture. The spacing of the common legs of the quartz members along the said aperture is so arranged that each leg is positioned opposite one of the columns of control spots disposed on the film. In this manner the light rays directed to the sensing aperture can be conducted to the associated photocells to condition the latter for machine control operations during the sensing operations.

As mentioned before, individual color filters 3I to 33 are provided to be interposed between the individual legs of the quartz members 30 and the associated photocells. In Fig. 3, the color filters designated 3! to 33 are the cyan, magenta and yellow color filters referred to hereinabove for the purposes set forth. It is understood that the three filters are provided for each order and lnterposed between the legs of the quartz members and associated phot0cells as shown in Fig. 3.

The film feeding means and control means therefor comprise generally the clutch magnet 44 and the associated pivoted armature 45 to which is secured a latch lever 46 normally engaging an extension 41 of the member 48 secured to shaft 38, and the clutch pawl 49 pivotally supported by member 40 and normally disengaged from the clutch element 50 by means of the said latch lever. Upon energization of magnet 44, the latch lever 46 is caused to release the pawl 49 to engage the clutch element 50 which is rotatably mounted on shaft 38 and rigidly secured to gear 5I which is driven by suitablemeans such as the drive pulley 53, secured to gear 52, and the associated drivng connection 54. It is desired to feed the film with an intermittent motion therefore intermittent motion driving means is provided and comprises member 5la which is secured to gear 5! and member 52a which is secured to gear 52. Thus lt is seen that whenever the driving connections are operated and the magnet 44 energized that shaft 38 is rotated and in addition thereto gear 55, which is secured thereto, to rotate gears 56 and 51 the latter being secured to shaft 31, thereby rotating said shaft and causing the respective feed sprockets 40 and 39 to feed the film to the analyzing station. The control spots disposed on the film are then efiective to modify the light rays emanating from the light source as described hereinabove for controlling the condi tioning of the associated photocells.

The continuously rotating shaft I5l also drives the main drive shaft 18 of the reproducing unit by means of gear1l which is secured to the latter shaft and gear l52 which is secured to shaft I5l.

It should be mentioned that film supply control contacts 60 ('Fig. 5) are provided and adapted to be closed by the suitably pvoted lever 6I as long as the film is presented to the analyzing station; however, when the film supply is exhausted the said lever swings to the left as viewed in Fig. 5 to open the contacts 60, the purpose of which will be understood as the description progresses. On shaft 31 a cam 63is provided for controlling the contacts Cl (Fig. 10a) so that the said contacts are closed only at the times the index point positions are presented to the analyzing station as indicated in the timing chart in Fig. 9.

Film reproducing unit Referring now to Figs. 6, 7 and 8 the film reproducng unit is shown to comprise a plurality of displaceable bars I55 which are suitably supprted by the combs l56 and [51 so that the bars may be raised and lowered by means of the indi vidual levers I58 which are connected to the related bars I55 by the interconnecting links l59. The bars I 55 are provided with a plurality of ratchet teeth |60 which cooperate with stopping pawls |6I so that the upward movement of the bars may be interrupted at varous positions to present the indicia slides |62 associated therewith opposite the different apertures 63 provided in the mask member [64. The pawls l6l normally are held in a latched position by latch members I65 so as not to engage the teeth provided in the said bars, but upon energization of the related magnet 166 the latch member releases the said associated pawl due to its partial rotation to the right as viewed in Fig. 6 by means of the connecting link I6'l and cooperating extension member I68 of the magnet armature l69, thereby causing the associated pawl to interrupt the upward movement of the related bar.

The displacement of the said bars is controlled by the cam member which is secured to the shaft lll, and upon rotation thereof the cam oauses the cooperating yoke 112 and the shaft 113 to which the yoke is fastened to oscllate. The levers l58 are pivotally mounted on the shaft 113 and are urged against the crossbar 114 by springs I 15, which crossbar is mounted in the oscillated yoke I'I2. Now, when the crossbar is raised, due to the rotation of cam [10, the individual levers l58 are nrged in an upward direction and cause the connected bar I55 to be raised.

It is to be noted that the film 20 (which hereinafter will be referred to as the master film) is fed past its sensing station by the film feeding means described so that the differentially positioned spots thereon are sensed in a timed relationship with the upward movement of the bars 155, that is, for example, when a. control spot is sensed in the 9 position, lndicated on the master film, an impulse is initiated at that time which is impressed upon the control magnet 166 to cause the related pawl 161 to be released and interrupt the upward movement of the said bar. The position of the interrupted bal is such that its associated indicator slide 162 is positioned opposite the aperture 153 in the mask 16 3 which is indicated 9. By virtue of the said spring connections, the bars 355 may be interrupted Without interfering with the upv;ard movement of the crossbar 1'1 1 which has an invariable extent of movement controlled by the cam il'3.

The positioning of the indicator slides 182 opposite the different apertures in the masl: deter rnines the position of the control spot which is to be iormed on the detail photographic filrn when the camera section of the reproducer unit is operated It should be mentioned that an individual bar Z55, slide i62, and set of apertures i33 are provided for each column of data sensed on the master film. The mask i8 1 witli the sets of apertures is illuminated by the light sources 1 and is suitably disposed within the focal range of the lens system 1"." so that upon operation thereof by means of link l'8, a photographic record of the indicia set up appearing on the mask iB-l is made. Disregarding for the moment the color values of the spots, it is evi dent that the record formed on the detail filrn 1'6 will be a reprodnced record of the sensed record of the master film. Assume that the record 11 of the master film 28 (see Fig. D is ed past the sensing stations and that the direrentially timed impulses initiated upon sensing of the control spots 22 are impressed upon the individual magnets 166 to interrupt the movement of the bars so that the positioned indicator slides i62 are opposite certain of the apertures 5133 to form a pattern of control spots on the mask 164 to conform to the pattern of control spots sensed on the said record of the master film. Now, upon operation of the lens system 171! the said pattern formed on the mask is recorded upon the detail film 1'5 which record upon development and printing thereof will have the diiierentially positioned control spots formed thereon in the same positions as those of the control spots on the said record of the master film. In this manner any desired number of records may be reproduced upon detail films.

Provision is made Whereby the lens system is not operated until all the indicator slides 162 have been positioned in conformance with the sensed control spots. 'I'his means comprises the link 118, lever 180 and cam 181, the latter being secured to gear 182, and secured to gear 182 is a mutilated gear 183 carrying a Geneva drive disk 184. The said cam 181 and gears 182 and 183 are rotatably mounted on a stud 185. Gear 182 is in mesh with the gear 186 which is loosely mounted on the continuously rotating shaft '18. Secured te shaft '18 is a clutch disk 18'1 which drives the associated pawl 188 upon release of the pawl. 'Ihis pawl is pivotally mounted on a member 189 which in turn is fastened to gear 186. The pawl 188 and member 189 normally are latched by the latch member 190 which is shown as an integral part of the armature 191 of magnet 192. Upon energization of the said magnet the pawl is released to engage the clutch disk 181 and be driven thereby to rotate the associated gear 186 and in turn rotate gears 182 and 183, cam 181 and disk 184. Rotation of cam 181 causes the shutter of the lens system 111 to be oocked by means of the cam follower lever 180 and link 118 and when the lever 180 drops off the high point of the cam causes the shutter of the lens to be operated, exposing the detail film to the indicia set-up on the 1nask. The cam 181 is positioned so that this opcration occurs near the end of the machine cycle. Upon exposure of the detail film it is advanced suificiently so that the next frame is in position for recording the iolloxving indicia setup formed by the indicia slides. 'Ihe film ad vancement is eiected by the gear 183 and disk which, during most of the machine cycle, engages the complementary disk 193, the latter disk being secured to gear 194. Upon disengagement of the Geneva disks the efiective sector of the gear i 3 engages gear 195 and rotates the lattcr sufficiently thereby rotating the film eed sprooket which is secured to gear 194 and advancing the detail film 1718 to present an unrecorded section thereoi to the lens system.

he detail film which in the instant application is a color film similar to the master film described is fed from the supply reel 198 by the ced sprocket 585 to the lens system 17'! and thence to a take up reel 197. Suitably disposed contacts l 3 are provided and held in a closed position by lever l98 as long as the film supply remains nnexhausted f01' purposes to be set ort h hereinater.

It should be mentioned that gear 186 when rotated by shaft 'i8 also drives the gear 200 which is fixed to shaft l'11 to rotate the cam 110 for controlling the positioning of the said bars 155. From the description up to this point it is seen that the feeding means for the master film, the ieeding means of the detail film, the operating means of the lens system 177, and the operating means of the indicia slides 162 are all operated in a predetermined timed relationship due to the described interconnecting gearing arrangement.

T he mechanism for setting up the color code of the indicia slides 162 will now De described. Each of the differentially settable indicia slides 162 comprises a tubular member which is divided into diierently colored sections. In Fig. 8 four diierently colored sections are indicated by the reference characters 162a to 162d and the colors selected for the said sections in the present illustration are black, red, blue, and green respectively. The indicia slides not only are slidably arranged on the supporting shafts 201 but are also keyed thereon and capable of being rotated by the said supporting shafts.

On the shaft 111 a gear 202 is secured, which gear is in mesh with gear 203, the latter being rotatably mounted on the stud 204. Secured to gear 203 is a cam 205 provided with a suitable cam groove f01' oscillating the associated follower yoke 206 about the shaft 207. A yoke 208 similar to yoke 2116 is oscillated by the latter by means of the interconnecting links 209. Individual arms 210 are provided and at one end are secured to individual tubular shafts 211, which shafts are connected to individual levers 212. Now, it is seen that arms 210 are adapted to follow the movements of the yoke 208 since the said arms are constantly urged against the yke 208 by means of the individual springs 213, eaeh of which are secured at one end to yoke 206 and at the other end to arm 210. In this manner the related tubular shafts 211 are rotated to displace the associated levers 212 which in turn are efective to displace the racks 214 by means of the connecting links 215. The settablg racks 214 are adapted to rotate the settable gears 216 which in turn are in constant engagement with the elongated gear 2". The degree of rotation imparted to gear 2" is dependent upon the movement of the related arm 2"). The means for controlling the movement of the arms 2Ill will presently be described. Upon rotation of gaar 2II, which is secured to shaft 20I, the indlcia slides are rotated irrespective of their vertical position on the shaft 28! to present to the apertures in the mask l64 the desired colored sections of the tubular member which comprises the indicia slide. It is understood that individual gears 2|6 and 2, shafts 20! and. slides "52 are provided for each column of data sensed on the master film and desired to be reproduced on the detail films. It is evident that the degree of rotatio'n of the indicia slide determines the color of the data set up or formed on the mask. This degree of rotation is determined by the movement of arm 2III, and the.extent of the movement of the said arm is controlled by the associated magnet 2I8. During the movement of the arms 2 l in a clockwise direction the related magnets 2I8 are energized by impulses initiated at differential times in the cycle, which timed impulses are representative of the different colors.

When a magnet 2I8 is energized the pivoted stop pawl 9 is caused to engage one of the notches 226 formed in the arm 2|0 thereby interrupting further movement of the said arm, and in this manner determining the degree of rotation to be imparted to the related indicia slide I62. In this manner a color code is set up or formed on the maak in accordance with the initiated diierentially timed impulses whichare representative of and determine the color code to be recorded on the detail films by the reproducing unit.

It is to be noted that the gears 2| 6 are mounted on elongated sleeves 22I supported by the shafts 222. At one end of each sleeve provision is made whereby a related pivoted selecting lever 223 can cooperate with the sleeve to positi0n the related sleeve and gear 2I6 in four different positions in accordance with the position of lever 223. In this manner the movement of any desired rack 2M can be transmitted to the in dicia slide in accordance with the setting of the associated gear 2 |6. It should also be mentioned that sultable cams similar to the one designated 22! are secured to the shaft |1I to control the operations of the associated CC contacts (sec Fig. 9).

Operation of the machine Rei'erring now to Figs. 9, 10a and 10!) the description of the operatiori of the machine will be given. Assume that it is desired to reproduce on a detail colored film the colored control spots as they appear on the master film and in the same color code. Assume that the colored photographic films are properly arranged in the sensing and reproducing units, that the light sources 21 and i'|9 are energized, and that the switches SI are closed when the start key SKI is depressed to close the associated contacts 226. A circuit is then established trom conductor 226 through contacts 221 of the stop key SK2, contacts 225, relay RI, and magnets 44 and N32 te conductor 228, energizing said relay and magnets. Closure of contacts Rla sets up a holding circuit for the said relay and magnets through the normally closed contacts 221 and the contacts 60 and |98 which are closed at thls time, thus conditioning the machine for continuous operations. Enersization 01. the magnet u is effective to start the master film feeding means into operation thereby advancing the individual photographic records past the sensing aperture 25 so that sensing and analyzing of the differentially positioned and colored control spots repre senting the data can be eifectecl as described hereinabove. Energization of the magnet I92 starts the operatons of the film reproducing unit which is eiiected in timed relationship with the sensing operations. The different index point positions on each record of the master film are presented to the sensing station in synchronism with the displacement of the indicia slides I62. When the 5 index point position is sensed on a record of the master film, the indicia slide I6Z is displaced at this timed interval to be opposite the 5 aperture of the mask l64.

Now assume that the first records sensed on the master film 20 have the differentially positioned control spots formed thereon in red color. Upon sensng the diiierentially positioned red control spots the light rays are prevented from impinging on the photocells opposite the cyan color filters in each of the columns in which the red control spots are sensed. In the present i1- lustration, it is theri understood, that thephotocells 29a, 41a, and 42a are not exposed to the light rays upon sensing the red control spots. It is understood that under these conditions the amplifiers 34 associated therewith are rendered conductive to energize the relays AR, BR and CR.

Due to the closure of contacts ARI, BRI, and CRI diierentially timed impulses are initiated at the times the said relays are energized and impressed upon the related magnets I 66 which control the positioning of the associated bars I55 and indicia slides "52. One of these circuits can be traced as follows: conductor 226, contacts Cl, contacts ARI, conductor 229, magnet I66 to conductor 228, energizing said magnet and causing the related stop pawl |6I to engage theassociated bar [55 and interrupt further displacement theraof, thus eiiecting the positioning of the assooiated indicator slide I62 opposite the aperture I63 corresponding to the data represented by the sensed control spot on the master film.

Upon closure of contacts AR3, a circuit is established trom conductor 226 to contacts Cl, ARS, AB3 and coil of relay.R3 to conductor 228, energizing said relay and establishing a holding circuit therefor through cam controlled contacts CCI (closed during all of sensing portio n of cycle) and contacts R2a. The said relay is kept energized until near the end of the machine cycle, that is until contacts CCI are opened (see Fig. 9) Relays R1 and RI I are energized and maintained energized exactly in the same manner as described for relay R3.

It is noted that relays R2, R6 and Rl0 represent the color black tor-the respective columns, relays R3, R1 and RII represent red, relays R4, R8, and RI2 represent blue, and relays R6, R9, Rl3 represent green, that is, upon sensing these colored spots in the individual columns of the master film the said relays associated with these columns are energized accordingly. Now, closure of the contacts R3b, RIb and Rl lb partially complete or condition for energization the circuits extending to the control magnets 2|8. The magnets 2I8 are energized at differential times in accordance with the closure of the cam controlled contacts C02, C03, C04 and. CC5. Whenever these contacts are connected in a conditioned circuit as described, the said contacts, upon closure, nitiate differentially timed mpulses which are indicative of certain colors, for example,

the timed impulses initiated by contacts CC2 represent black, those impulses initiated by contacts CC3 represent red, impulses initiated by contacts CC4 represent blue, and those initiated by contacts CC5 represent green.

The configuration of cam 205 (Figs. 6 and 7) is such that the arms 2I0 are displaced during the portion of the machine cycle when contacts CC2 to CC5 are closed and in synchronism with the operation of these contacts, that is, for example when contacts CC3 are closed, the arms 2I0 are positioned so that the indicia slides are rotated sufiiciently to present the red colored section of the tubular member opposite the apertures of the mask.

It is now understood that upon closure of the CC3 contacts the partially completed circuits just referred to are now completed as the positioned indicia slides are conditioned to present the red sections thereof to the apertures in the mask. Magnets 2I8 are then energized to render the stop pawls 2I9 effective to hold the arms 2|0 in the position so that the indicia slides represent the color red until a recording of the data pattern formed on the mask is made. The circuits for efiecting energization of the magnets 2|8 are as follows: conductor 226, contacts CO3, conductors 230, contacts R3b, R1b and Rl lb, conductors 23! and magnets 218 to conductor 228.

Now it is seen that the indicia slides are diferentially positioned in accordance with the data sensed on the master film and the said slide are also conditioned so as to conform in color to the colored control spots sensed on the master film. The colored pattern formed on the mask |64 corresponds to the pattern of colored control spots sensed on the master film. A recording of this pattern is now made and occurs shortly before the end of the machine cycle when the cam I8l (Fig. 6) is effective to operate the lens system l'|1, thus, recording the colored pattern upon the unrecorded frame of the color detail film H6. As described hereinabove immediately after recording of the data set-up is eiected, the film |'|6 is advanced by means of the Geneva drive (gear I83, disks l84 and I93) to present an unrecorded section of the color film to the lens system. Contacts CCI are then opened near the end of the machine cycle to effect deenergization of those energized relays of the group R2 to RI3 thus permitting the arms 2I0 and indicia slides I62 to be restored to the normal position. The restoring of the displaced parts to normal position is effected duringthe last four points of the machine cycle as indicated on the timing chart. The configuration of the bars I55 are such that the top portions thereof are adapted to restore the latch levers 165 and pawls |6I to nor mal positions.

In the description just set forth reproduction of the exact color pattern was considered only, however from the description set forth it is understood now that the color pattern reproduced on the detail film need not correspond to the color pattern or code of the master if so desired. One method of selectively altering the color pattern recorded on the detail film is by selectively setting the levers 223 so that the associated gears 2I6 engage different racks 2I4, thus it is seen that the color of the spot recorded in each column of the detail film can be selectively controlled. Another method of selectively controlling the color pattern recorded is by transposing the plug connections trom the cam controlled contacts CC2CC5 to the contacts R2b-Rl3b.

Still another method of selectively controlling the color pattern recorded on the detail film is by controlling the color selections automatically under control of a supplemental colored control spot which is shown and indicated by the reference character 2! in Fig. 1. Assume, for example, that this supplemental spot is in the 0 index point position whenever it appears on the individual records and for the moment assume that its color is the same as the color of the amount data control spots 22.

Referring now to Fig. and assuming that the machine is conditioned fox continuous operation as described hereinabove, and that the color of the control spots (supplemental and amount data control spots) in each frame or record of the master film are all similar, that the color of the spots on the records, which are sensed at this time, are formed in red color, and that it is desired to reproduce only the amount data on the detail film.

Upon sensing the red control spots at the diierential times the AR, BR and CR relays are energized similarly as described hereinbefore.

Closure of the contacts BRI and CRI effect energization of the control magnets I66 to position the indicia slides |62 to correspond to the diflerential positioning of the control spots representing the amount data on the master film.

Closure of the contacts AR3 at the 0 index point position causes relay R3 to be energized and maintained energized through its contacts R3a similarly as described hereinabove. also established trom conductor 226 to contacts Cl, ARS, AB3, conductor 235, contactsCC'l, coil of relay RH and conductor 226 energizing said relay to establish a holding circuit therefor. The said holding circuit which extends through contacts Rl4a and CC6 is maintained until near the end of the machine cycle (sec Fig. 9). Energization of relay RII causes the C contacts to be closed and b contacts to be opened. Now it is seen when the CC2-CC5 contacts are closed sequntially that a circuit is established from conductor 226, contacts CO4, conductor 236, contact c, conductor 231, contacts R3b to magnet 2l8 and conductor 228. The timed lmpulse impressed upon the said magnet represents blue, that is magnet 2I8 is energized to interrupt the related arm 2I0 so that its rack 2 is displaced sufiiciently to position all those indicator slides which are connected to the racl by the gears 2l6. The color pattern now set up or formed on the mask is one in blue instead of red as on the record of the master film.

When no supplemental control spots are sensed on the records on the master film, or if the said supplemental spots are formed in colors other than red, relay RI4 is not energized, therefore the b contacts of relay RIl remaln closed and the original color record on the master film is reproduced on the detail film just as described hereinabove. 01' course it is obvious that the red supplemental control spot can be formed on ether records wherein the data control spots are iormed in black, blue, or green colors. The wiring diagram in |0c is arranged that the red amount data spots are changed to blue whenever a red supple mental control spot is sensed, blue amount data A circuit is spots to red, black amount data spots to green,

and green amount data spots to black. It is not intended to be limited to the specific example shown concerning the reproduction of the colored spots on detail films in colors other than those in which the amount data. are formed on the master film. From this description it is seen that many plugging arrangements for the interconnecting conductors can be made so that many additional color code combinations can be formed. For example by duplicating the control eiements described in Fig. 100 the colors of predetermined columns on the records can be selectively altered with respect to each other. In fact each control spot in the different columns can be of varying colors rather than al] be formed in the same color as assumed in these illustrations. Automatic controlling from the colors of the spots in any column aan then be effected exactly as just described to alter its color when recorded on the detail film. It is also obvious that more than one detail film can be produced at one time, by pro 0 viding a plurality of the reproducing units described and connecting the control magnets in multiple in the circuits described, a plurality of detail films can be reproduced at one and the same time.

While there has been shown and described and pointed out the fundamental novel features of the invention as applied to a single modification it will be understood that various omissions and substitutions and changes in the form and details of the device illustrated and in its operation may be made by these skilled in the art without departing from the spirit of the invention. It is the intention, therefore, to be limited only as indicated by the scope of the following claims.

What is claimed is:

" 1. A data reproducing machine of the character described controlled by individual records having data designations disposed thereon which are formed in different colors on the different records comprising means for sensing the colored data designations, said designations on each record being; disposed at different positions on the record te denote the different values of the data, means included in the sensing means for analyzing the colors of the different designations, and

recording means for reproducing in color the data designations, said recording means comprising diiferentially settable members, each member having a plurality of different colored sections formed thereon, means under control of the sensing means for controlling the differential settings of the said members, additional means under control of the sensing means for controlling the settings of the said differently colored sections of the members to conform to the color of the sensed and analyzed data designations, and means for recording photographically in color the colored pattern formed by the settable members.

2. The invention set forth in claim 1 in which means are provided for rendering the said addi- (3o tional means effective for controlling the setting of the said differently colored sections of the members only after the said differential setting of the members has been effected.

3. A data reproducing machine of the character described comprising means for feeding individual records having data designations disposed thereon which are formed in different colors on the different records, said data designations on each record comprising colored control spots which are disposed at different positions on the record to denote the different values of the data, means for sensing at differential times-the differentially positioned colored control spots including means for analyzing the colors of the sensed control spots, and recording means for sensing of the related control spots, additional reproduclng in color the data designations, said recording means comprising settable indicating members, each member having a plurality of different colored sections formed thereon, means for displacing the members in a timed relationship with the sensing of the differentially disposed control spots on the records, means under control of the sensing means for interrupting further displacement of the said members upon means under control of the sensing means for controlling the setting of the said differently colored sections of the members to conform to the color of the sensed and analyzed control spots, and means for recording photographically 1 in color the colored pattern formed by the said interrupted members.

4. A data reproduoing machine of the character described comprising means for feeding individual records bearing data designations which are formed in different colors on the different records, said designations on each rec ord comprising colored control spots which are disposed at different positions on the record to denote the different values of the data, means for sensing the differently positioned and colored control spots comprising a source of light rays and light responsive means conditioned by the light rays modified by the said control spots, additional means included in the sensing means for analyzing the colors of the sensed control spots for controlling the conditioning of the light responsive means, and recording means for reproducing in color the data designations, said recording means comprising an opaque mask having individual apertures disposed along a vertical line, settable indicating members disposed on one side of the mask, each member having a plurality of different colored sections formed thereon, mean under control of the conditioned light responsive means for controlling the differential setting of the said members with respect to said apertures, additional means under control of the said conditioned light responsive means for controlling the setting of the said differently colored sections of the members to present certain of the colored sections of the apertures, and means disposed on the other side of the mask for recording photographically in color the colored pattern formed on the mask by the settable members.

5. A data reproducing machine of the character described controlled by individuai records hearing data designations which are formed in different colors on the different records, said designations on each record being disposed at different positions thereon to denote the different values of the data, means for sensing the colored data designations disposed on the individual records, means under control of the sensing means for initiating differentially timed impulses to represent the data formed at the different positions on the records, means included in the sensing means for analyzing the colors of the different designations, and means under control 65 of the last mentioned means for initiating additional timed impulses for. representing the different colors sensed, and recording means for reproducing in color the data designations, said recording means comprising differentially setta- 7 ble members, each member having a plurality of different colored sections formed thereon, means controlled by the said differentially timed impulses for controlling the diiferential setting of the said members, additional means controlled 7 by the said additonal timed impulses for controlling the setting of the said differently colored sections of the members, and means for recording photographically, in color the colored pattern formed by the settable members.

6. In a data reproducing machine of the character described controlled by a photographio contro1 element having a plurality of individual records hearing data designations, said desgnations comprising colored control spots which are differentially postioned in varous columns to represent by their relative postions therein the different values of the data, means for sensing the said control spots comprsng individual 1ght source means and light responsive means for each column to be sensed, means ncluded in the sensing means for conditioning the related light responsive means in accordance wth the color of the sensed control spots upon sensing of the control spots, and recording means for reproducing in color the sensed data designations, said recording means comprising individual settable members, one for each column sensed, each member having a plura1ity of dfierent colored sectons formed thereon, means under control of the conditioned 1ight responsive means for controlling the differential settings of the sad members in accordance with the data values sensed in the corresponding columns, additional means under control of the condtioned light responsive means for controlling the settngs of the said difierently colored sections of the members, and means for recordng photographically in color the colored pattern formed by the settable members.

7. In a data reproducing machine of the character described controlled by a photographic contro1 element having a plurality of individual records hearing data designations, said designa tions comprsng colored control spots which are differentially positioned in various columns to represent by ther relative positions therein the diierent values of the data, means for sensing the said control spots at dflerential times comprising individual light source means and a plurality of 1ight responsive means for each column to be sensed, means included in the sensing means for conditioning selectvely certain of the light responsiv'e means in accordance with the colors of the sensed control spots, means under control of the sensing means for initiating difierentially timed impulses at such tlmes when the said light responsive means are conditioned upon sensng the sad spots, additional means under control of the sensing means for intiating additonal tmed impulses representing the analyzed colors of the sensed control spots, and recordng means for reproducing in color the sensed data designetons, said recording means comprising individual settable members, one for each column sensed, each member having a plurality of different colored sections formed thereon, means controlled by the said diierentially timed impulses for controlling the settings of the sad settable members, means controlled by the said additional timed impulses for controlling the settings of the diflerently colored sections of the said members, and means for recording photographically in color the colored pattern formed by the settable members.

8. The invention set forth in claim 7 having further means controlled by the sad additional timed impulses for controlling the settings of the said colored sections of the members to indicate the data designations in colors different from the colors of the sensed control spots.

9. In a data reproducing machine of the chartecter described controlled by individual records having data designations disposed thereon which are formed in diterent co1ors on the dfierent records, said designations on each record being disposed at different positions thereon to denote the different values of the data, certain of the said records being provded with supplemental colored designations, means tot sensing the colored data and supplemental designations including means for determining the colors of the sensed designations, data reproducing means under the control of the sensing means comprising means for reproducing on individual records in color thesensed data designations, and means under control of the sensed supplemental designation or determining the colors in which the reproduced data designations are to be formed irrespective of the colors of the sensed data. designations.

10. The invention set i'orth in claim 9 having further means for renderng the said last mentioned means eiective on1y when the sensed supplemental designations are formed in selected predetermined colors.

JAMES W. BRYCE.

US282205A 1939-06-30 1939-06-30 Data reproducing machine Expired - Lifetime US2196166A (en)

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Cited By (27)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2498436A (en) * 1946-05-10 1950-02-21 Hartford Nat Bank & Trust Co Dial along which a pointer is movable, more particularly tuning dial for radio apparatus
US2503062A (en) * 1946-11-14 1950-04-04 Gen Electric X-ray absorption photometer
US2562960A (en) * 1947-10-13 1951-08-07 Emery I Stern Light-electronic scent release
US2615778A (en) * 1948-07-16 1952-10-28 Pennsylvania Res Corp Means for multiple recording on film
US2617880A (en) * 1948-02-27 1952-11-11 Rca Corp High-frequency dielectric waveguide coupling
US2633784A (en) * 1949-08-26 1953-04-07 Perry C Cofield Photographic printer
US2678206A (en) * 1949-06-22 1954-05-11 Cox And Stevens Aircraft Corp Indicating and printing device
US2753757A (en) * 1951-07-20 1956-07-10 Ibm Control indicia and record data projector
US2760404A (en) * 1953-12-31 1956-08-28 Internat Telemeter Corp Photographic memory
US2783390A (en) * 1951-04-19 1957-02-26 Jr Alfred L Mendenhall Smoke detecting device
DE1077903B (en) * 1950-05-17 1960-03-17 Int Computers & Tabulators Ltd A device for photoelectric sensing of kartenfoermigen Aufzeichnungstraegern
US2981826A (en) * 1959-10-27 1961-04-25 Mattern John Light equalizing device
DE974870C (en) * 1950-07-18 1961-05-18 Bull Sa Machines A process for preparing and labeling Registrierungstraegern, for example, cards or tapes
US3040322A (en) * 1958-08-15 1962-06-19 Baldwin Piano Co Device and method for producing code members
US3066797A (en) * 1958-10-20 1962-12-04 R W Gunson Seeds Ltd Colour sorting machines
US3072889A (en) * 1955-04-20 1963-01-08 Fairchild Camera Instr Co Densitometric data handling system
US3104324A (en) * 1957-11-22 1963-09-17 Rabinow Engineering Co Inc Electro-optical scanning system for reading machines
US3125683A (en) * 1959-05-04 1964-03-17 I mage
US3176141A (en) * 1961-02-24 1965-03-30 Ohio Commw Eng Co Information reading circuit network
US3213197A (en) * 1962-04-04 1965-10-19 Sperry Rand Corp Frequency responsive apparatus
US3244894A (en) * 1962-11-26 1966-04-05 American Pyrotector Inc Photoelectric detection device utilizing randomized fiber optical light conducting means
US3260850A (en) * 1962-04-06 1966-07-12 Bayer Ag Measuring the water content of photographic layers
US3351930A (en) * 1963-02-14 1967-11-07 Zweig Hans Jacob Method of and apparatus for analog to digital data conversion
US3352277A (en) * 1965-11-05 1967-11-14 Clavitone Sound Corp Ltd Visual indicator
US3678282A (en) * 1970-06-15 1972-07-18 Rotasign Ltd Display unit with radiation sensitive control
US3847262A (en) * 1969-03-14 1974-11-12 Datacq Syst Corp Apparatus and attachment for deriving coded signals
US5073709A (en) * 1991-04-09 1991-12-17 Graco Inc. Electrostatic spray applicator with two-channel optical monitoring system

Cited By (27)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2498436A (en) * 1946-05-10 1950-02-21 Hartford Nat Bank & Trust Co Dial along which a pointer is movable, more particularly tuning dial for radio apparatus
US2503062A (en) * 1946-11-14 1950-04-04 Gen Electric X-ray absorption photometer
US2562960A (en) * 1947-10-13 1951-08-07 Emery I Stern Light-electronic scent release
US2617880A (en) * 1948-02-27 1952-11-11 Rca Corp High-frequency dielectric waveguide coupling
US2615778A (en) * 1948-07-16 1952-10-28 Pennsylvania Res Corp Means for multiple recording on film
US2678206A (en) * 1949-06-22 1954-05-11 Cox And Stevens Aircraft Corp Indicating and printing device
US2633784A (en) * 1949-08-26 1953-04-07 Perry C Cofield Photographic printer
DE1077903B (en) * 1950-05-17 1960-03-17 Int Computers & Tabulators Ltd A device for photoelectric sensing of kartenfoermigen Aufzeichnungstraegern
DE974870C (en) * 1950-07-18 1961-05-18 Bull Sa Machines A process for preparing and labeling Registrierungstraegern, for example, cards or tapes
US2783390A (en) * 1951-04-19 1957-02-26 Jr Alfred L Mendenhall Smoke detecting device
US2753757A (en) * 1951-07-20 1956-07-10 Ibm Control indicia and record data projector
US2760404A (en) * 1953-12-31 1956-08-28 Internat Telemeter Corp Photographic memory
US3072889A (en) * 1955-04-20 1963-01-08 Fairchild Camera Instr Co Densitometric data handling system
US3104324A (en) * 1957-11-22 1963-09-17 Rabinow Engineering Co Inc Electro-optical scanning system for reading machines
US3040322A (en) * 1958-08-15 1962-06-19 Baldwin Piano Co Device and method for producing code members
US3066797A (en) * 1958-10-20 1962-12-04 R W Gunson Seeds Ltd Colour sorting machines
US3125683A (en) * 1959-05-04 1964-03-17 I mage
US2981826A (en) * 1959-10-27 1961-04-25 Mattern John Light equalizing device
US3176141A (en) * 1961-02-24 1965-03-30 Ohio Commw Eng Co Information reading circuit network
US3213197A (en) * 1962-04-04 1965-10-19 Sperry Rand Corp Frequency responsive apparatus
US3260850A (en) * 1962-04-06 1966-07-12 Bayer Ag Measuring the water content of photographic layers
US3244894A (en) * 1962-11-26 1966-04-05 American Pyrotector Inc Photoelectric detection device utilizing randomized fiber optical light conducting means
US3351930A (en) * 1963-02-14 1967-11-07 Zweig Hans Jacob Method of and apparatus for analog to digital data conversion
US3352277A (en) * 1965-11-05 1967-11-14 Clavitone Sound Corp Ltd Visual indicator
US3847262A (en) * 1969-03-14 1974-11-12 Datacq Syst Corp Apparatus and attachment for deriving coded signals
US3678282A (en) * 1970-06-15 1972-07-18 Rotasign Ltd Display unit with radiation sensitive control
US5073709A (en) * 1991-04-09 1991-12-17 Graco Inc. Electrostatic spray applicator with two-channel optical monitoring system

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