US2173048A - Portable sound recording and sound reproducing machine - Google Patents

Portable sound recording and sound reproducing machine Download PDF

Info

Publication number
US2173048A
US2173048A US130400A US13040037A US2173048A US 2173048 A US2173048 A US 2173048A US 130400 A US130400 A US 130400A US 13040037 A US13040037 A US 13040037A US 2173048 A US2173048 A US 2173048A
Authority
US
United States
Prior art keywords
lever
film
carriage
stylus
shaft
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
US130400A
Inventor
Madaler Ferdinand Von
William L Woolf
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
FILM RECORDING Corp
Original Assignee
FILM RECORDING CORP
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by FILM RECORDING CORP filed Critical FILM RECORDING CORP
Priority to US130400A priority Critical patent/US2173048A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of US2173048A publication Critical patent/US2173048A/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical Current

Links

Images

Classifications

    • GPHYSICS
    • G11INFORMATION STORAGE
    • G11BINFORMATION STORAGE BASED ON RELATIVE MOVEMENT BETWEEN RECORD CARRIER AND TRANSDUCER
    • G11B3/00Recording by mechanical cutting, deforming or pressing, e.g. of grooves or pits; Reproducing by mechanical sensing; Record carriers therefor

Description

P 1939. VON MADALER ET AL 2,173,043
PORTABLE SOUND RECORDING AND SOUND REPRODUCING MACHINE 4 Sheets-Sheet 1 Filgd March 11, 1957 INVENTORS BY W2 71PM, ATTORNEY.
Sept. 12, 1939.
F. VON MADALER ET Al.
PORTABLE SOUND RECORDING AND SOUND REPHODUCING MACHINE Filed March 11, 19257 4 Sheet sSheeC 3 Sept. 12, 1939. F. VON MADALER ET AL 2,173,048 PORTABLE SOUND RECORDING AND SOUND REPRODUCING MACHINE I Filed March 11, 1957 4 Sheets-Sheet .4
RECORDING HEAD 10.9 4 MOTOR 105 INVENTO Fig. 5 Q; WA
1 I ATTORNEY.
Patented Sept. 12, 1939 v PORTABLE SOUND RECORDING AND SOUND REPRODUCING MACHINE Ferdinand von Madaler, West Hempstead, Long Island, and William L. Woolf, Bayside, Long Island, N. Y., assignors to Film Recording Corporation, a corporation of New York Application March 11, 1937, Serial No. 130,400
3 Claims. 01. 274- 11 This invention relates to a device for recording sound vibrations on a strip of film for ref production purposes, and also for reproducing sound from such a record.
' One of the objects of the invention is to provide a device of this nature, small in dimensions,
neat in appearance, positive in action, and of .a form and design which may be readily and inexpensively manufactured.
Another object is to produce a recording and reproducing device which is free from extraneous noises usually present in moving picture cam eras and projectors or similar machines wherein a continuous strip of film is involved.
The instrumentincludes among its more essential elements a sprocket wheel provided with teeth which mesh into the conventional perforations of moving picture type film. If desired,- a
roller may be used instead of the sprocket wheel.
The rotation of the sprocket wheel propels the film forward in the usual manner employed in moving picture cameras and projectors. cording head is provided with astylus, the point of which presses into the film to form the vibration groove. When the stylus is not being vibrated by sound pulsations, however, the forward movement of the film would cause the stylus to inscribe a straight groove on the film..
A cross section of the groove is roughly V-shaped with a depth of approximately .002 inch and a top width of approximately .003 inch.
The recording head is so constructed that when actuated by alternating or interrupted current, the stylus vibrates transversely to the motion of the film, thus causing-the stylus to inscribe a wavy groove in the film, the number of waves corresponding to the frequency of the currents causing vibration of the stylus. If these currents are modulated by frequencies arising from the voice or musical instruments, the groove will then be of a wavy pattern having a frequency corresponding to the frequencyof the actuating currents and the sound waves modulating them. The amplitude of the recorded waves will bear a direct relationship to the intensity of the sound waves so that by retracing the groove with a pickup stylus and amplifying the currents induced thereby and reproducing them through a loud speaker, sounds will be reproduced in frequency and volume similar to the original recorded sound.
Among the more important elements of this device are the sprocket wheel and stylus, these Areto a recording head which controls the movement thereof while the sprocket is mounted on a spindle, in bearings; a flywheel is provided on the same spindle to drive the sprocket at a uniform speed. A motor, having a governor, drives the flywheel; receiving and releasing reels carry the film; and rollers are provided to hold the film in operative relationship with the sprocket. A mounting member is provided to carry the recording head, the head being adapted to be moved transversely to the motion of the film in graduated steps in order that a large number of closely spaced grooves may be recorded on a single strip of film. The entire assembly is mounted ona base plate, the same being carried in a portable carrying case.
This device will be understood in more detail by referring to the attached drawings in which like numbers refer to like parts.
Figure 1 is a perspective view of the device according to this invention;
Figure 2 is a top plan view of Figure 1 omitting the reels;
Figure 3 is a transverse, vertical sectional view on line 3-3 of Figure 2, showing the pick-up V-notch in place;
Figure 4 is a longitudinal vertical sectional view, on line 4-4 of Figure 1;
Figure 5 is a transverse, vertical sectional view, on line 55 of Figure 4;
Figure 6 is a vertical longitudinal sectional view, on line 6.6 of Figure 5;
Figure 7 is a fragmentary view of Figure 5, looking in the direction of the arrow 1 of Figure Figure 8 is a fragmentary side elevation showing the pickup structure and its mounting means;
Figure 9 is a fragmentary rear elevation of Figure 10 is a fragmentary vertical elevation,
partially in section, on line Ill-l0 of Figure 1.
Referring to the accompanying drawings, a box-like casing is provided on the top of which there is provided a base plate or mounting member A on which most of the various elements are compactly and operatively mounted. The recording head 50 carries a stylus I, provided with a recording point, which is adapted to cut a groove in the film as it is moved past the same in the direction of the arrow by the engagement of the sprocket 2 with the film. Movement of the stylus is controlled by the mechanism included in the recording head 50. The sprocket consists of a wheel bearing two rows of teeth,
a central cylinder.
- dies 8 each row engaging perforations in either side of the film, in the conventional manner.
The construction of the sprocket is an important feature of the invention. It may either be made of one piece or of two outer disks and In either case the central cylindrical portion between the rows of teeth is ground to a mirror finish and preferably hardened. The central portion is left from one to a few thousandths of an inch larger in diameter than the two outer disk shaped portions which bear the two rows of teeth. This construction has been found to facilitate the conformation of the film to the sprocket wheel and to minimize sprocket wheel noises.
The sprocket wheel teeth are formed with a base of such design that the transverse dimensions of said base portion are slightly less than the dimensions of the film perforations so that as the film contracts and expands with changes of temperature and to some extent with aging, the sprocket wheel will operate smoothly and silently in contact with the film at all usual temperatures and with film of various ages. The sprocket is designed to operate successfully at room temperatures ranging from 45 to 95 degrees F., the sprocket wheel dimensions being undersize sufficiently to accommodate the expansion and contraction of the film material within that range of temperature. .For practical purposes the base dimensions of the teeth may be considered to be 98% (or less) of the dimensions of the film perforations at normal room temperature.
Sprocketwheel 2 is also provided on one side with a fixed guide flange and on the opposite side with a movable flange or guide plate 5 which is dished toward the sprocket center, the same bemg spring pressed against the edge of the film as it passes over the sprocket wheel by the spring The sprocket is mounted on a main spindle 3, on which a flywheel 4 is also mounted, the flywheel being of such design that the central portlon consists of a thin web or flange joining the hub and rim portions, the major portion of the weight being concentrated near the periphery of the wheel. This flywheel is provided with a pulley I 2 which drives a spring belt member l3, and drlViIlg pulley M on the take-up or receiving reel IS. The flywheel spindle 3 is provided with conical, inwardly directed ground and hardened bearings 1 at each end, into which are fitted complementary, conical, hardened, bearing spin- This type of hearing has four distinct advantages. First, it provides a simple means of taking up wear that occurs on the bearings; sec- 0nd, it keeps the main spindle, and consequently the sprocket, perfectly centered at all times, thus eliminating noise waves or change of pitch usually due to eccentric bearings; third, it permits a minimum of machine noises to be transmitted through the bearings, probably due' to the smallness of the transmitting surface; and, fourth, the diameter being small, the velocity of the frictional bearing surface is low and any noise generated is of low intensity. These bearing spindles are mounted in bearing posts I!) which are cast integrally with the base plate A. Set screws H hold these hearings in place in the desired adjustment.
Removably supported on one end of the portable carrying case is an arm [9 which supports the receiving reel [6 on a rotatable shaft l5 driven by the pulley I4. A bearing l 9a supported by arm l9 rotatably supports shaft l5. Arm l9 and the bearing l a are preferably in one piece, and the bearing axis is at right angles to the central axis of the arm is.
A key l7, pivotally mounted on a pivot la in a slot in the end of shaft l5, serves to lock the reel E6 to the shaft I 5 and against slipping off the end thereof. Shaft 15 is formed with a flange thereon faced with soft rubber or felt [5b mounted in an annular groove I5a in the flange face. When the reel I6 is mounted on the shaft l5, one side thereof is disposed against said rubber or felt. By such construction, vibrations normally arising from the reel vibrations attendant to reeling film are damped out.
Arm I 9 is removably attached to the base A by means of a truncated V-shaped end flange member which snugly fits a complementarily shaped groove in a plate 20.
In packing the apparatus for carrying, the reel-carrying arms l9 and 26 are removed from their supporting brackets, and packed in a suitable carrying case. with the rest of the apparatus.
Guide rollers 2i and 22 are provided on the opposite side of the sprocketfrom receiving reel Hi to prevent the film from rubbing against adjacent parts. These rollers are spaced .closely together, leaving only a narrow slot between them and are mounted on stud shafts projecting horizontally from the upright support 46.
Before the fllm passes through the narrow opening between the rollers 2i and 22, it passes over a guide plate 23 mounted on a block supported by base plate A, said guide plate being provided with upstanding side flanges 23a, which guide the film to eliminate any lateral movement and align the film with sufficient accuracy to enable' the film perforations to mesh with the sprocket wheel teeth at all times. The upper surface of the guide plate 23 is disposed below but substantially parallel to the film and is covered with felt or velvet material. As the film passes over the bed portion this material removes 'any dust from the under side of the film, thus eliminating any dust grains between the film and the smooth surface of the central portion of the sprocket wheel between the rows of teeth, over which surface the recording takes place,
A weight 24 is provided, which is adapted to rest on the film over the plate 23 and between the upstanding flanges 23a, said weight being provided with an enlarged portion or transverse pin at its approach end which is adapted to contact the fianges to prevent the film carrying the weight forward. This is clearly shown in Figs. 1 and 4. The bottom surface of the weight 24 is also covered with felt or velvet adapted to clean the upper or groove carrying side of the film, to remove any dust from said surface.
A supply reel 25 carrying the film to be grooved is mounted on a bracket 26 at'the left of the device, as seen in Fig. 1. This reel 25 releases its film to pass between the sprocket wheel and the stylus and on to the receiving reel is. The supply reel 25 is removably supported on a shaft 21 extending transversely from arm 26 and is held thereon by a pivoted key 28. The arm 26 is supported by block 25a. in the same manner that arm I9 is supported by block 20.
The opposite end of shaft 21 from that supporting the reel 25 is provided with a driving pulley 3U driven by a spring belt 3|, driven by a pulley 32. Pulley 32 is driven by the rubber or rubber faced wheel 33; pulley 32 and wheel 33 being mounted on opposite ends of shaft 34.
When the device is in operation for recording'or reproducing, the pull of the sprocket wheel 2 on the film 9 causes the supply or releasing reel 25 to rotate in a clockwise direction. During such operation the rewind driving wheel 33 is out of contact with the flywheel 4 (Fig. 2). For rewinding purposes, however, the rubber or rubber faced rewind wheel is pressed against the flywheel. The clockwise motion of the flywheel causes a counterclockwise rotation of the rewind pulley 33, which in turn causes the reel 25 to rotate in a counterclockwise direction and rewind the film. During such operation, the film is not engaged by the sprocket 2 but is passed around it or a. releasable clutch member may be provided be-. tween the sprocket and the shaft 3. I
When it is desired to bring the rewind pulley 33 into contact with the flywheel 4 and hold it there, there is provided a lever attached'by'a pivot 36 to a base block49, see Fig. '6. Attached to the same block by a pivot 31 is a frame structure composed of links 43 vertically disposed, the lower ends of which are rotatably pivoted at 31, one to each side of the base mem- .ber 49. The upper end of each link 43 is provided with'a bearing which supports opposite ends of shaft 31 between the links 43. The pulley 32 and rewind rubber wheel 33 are attached to shaft 34, the three pivoting as a, unit in the bearings provided in the upper ends of links 43. Lever 35 contains a slot 38. A pin 39 is attached to the innermost link 43, projecting transversely therefrom and into this slot. The rotation of the lever 35 about its pivot 36 causes the pin 39 to transverse the length of the slot 38. Thus,
when the free end, of the lever is depressed, as shown at 35a (Fig. 6)' the pin 39 occupies the upper end of the slot at the end of such movement and the shaft 34 carrying rubber pulley 33 is simultaneously forced to the right against the flywheel 4. The upper end of the slot 38 is provided with an offset portion, which is adapted to receive the pin 39 when the end of the slot 38 is reached, thus holding the lever 35 in this position until the free end of the lever is moved upwardly at which time the pin 39 is forced from the offset slot to disengage the rubber pulley from engagement with the flywheel.
To'assist in pressing pulley 33 toward flywheel 4, a leaf spring 4| held in position by a holder 42 mounted in base block 40 is disposed to press the upper end of the outside link 43 toward the flywheel, see Figs. 2 and 5. Y
An upstanding rib 46 is centrally mounted on the upper side of the base plate A with its longitudinal-axis substantially parallel to the longitudinal axis of the base plate and is secured by mounting screws 49, as shown by Fig. 3; This central rib serves as a support for a number of members hereinafter described.
Attached to one end of the central rib and at right angles thereto is a transversely extending guideway 41, Figs. 2, 4 and 8, provided with agroove, the cross-sectional shape of 'which is a truncated inverted V.-'
The recording and pick-up heads 50 and 5| are provided with suitable electromagnetic means for converting varying electrical currents into mechanical movements of the stylus, or for converting movements or vibrations of the stylus to corresponding electrical currents, as is well understood in this art.
The recording head 50 (Fig. 1) and pickup head 5| (Fig. .9) which are adapted to be substituted for each other, are removably mounted on a carriage 52 provided with a truncated Veshaped and tongue to permit insertion of a take-up plate 53a (Fig. 4) which is adapted to be pressed against the side of the tongue 53 by screws 53b. Any wear in the tongue and. groove are taken up by tightening the screws 53b, thus permitting a snug fit between the tongue and groove at all times so as to prevent undesirable play or wob-.
bling. The screws 531) may also serve,'if desired, to lock the carriage in adjusted position. v
The sound recording head 50, as clearly shown in Fig. 4, has a weight 59a carried by an arm pivotally mounted at one end thereof. Such a mounting affords an adjustable pressure for the groove forming stylus I when acting on the film 9. The weight may be held in any desired position with respect to the head from that shown in Fig. 4 to 180 in the opposite'direction, in which position it will be directly over the pickup head. The effective pressure exerted by the weight on the stylus depends on the angular position of the weight, different angular positions of the weight giving different horizontal components for the lever arm withjrespect to its fulcrum 56. The arm may be held in any desired angular position by the supporting and locking bolts 59b clearly shown in Figs. 1 through 5.
Vertically mounted on the carriage 52 are two standards 54, each being drilled to receive bearing spindles 55 and 56. Spindle 55 is held in fixed position in its standard while the spindle 56 is adjustably held in position in its standard by thumb screw 51. When the mechanism is to be employed in recording, the recording head 59 is pivoted between the bearing spindles 55 and 56, the points of which are inserted into complementary recesses formed in bearing blocks 58, provided on the sides of the recording head 50, Fig. 5. When the mechanism is employed in a reproducing capacity, however, a sound pickup head 5| replaces the recording head shown in Fig. 9. The pickup head is also provided with bearings 58 similar to those on the recording head both in design and location.
Bearings for the pickup head are formed in either end of a pivot bar 59 which supports the head, as is clearly shown in Fig. 9. The pickup head 5| is attached to the block 59 by means of a swivel 66. Thus, whereas the recording head is rigidly held against horizontal movement, the
pickup head is free to follow the course of the groove. This arrangement has been found very suitable'to prevent the pickup needle from jumping out of the groove.
The pickup head is also provided with a centering pin 61 (see Fig. 8) projecting from its forward end. This pin 61 is adapted to rest in an annular the reproducing needle E'IA fits into the recorded groove. By this means, the uncertainty of lateral position permitted by the swivel is'overcome and the pickup needle is lowered positively into its groove. Rigidly attached to the carriage 52 is an "upwardly projecting standard 63 having a laterally extending bearing member 64 which pivotally supports spindle 62. Projecting laterally from the end of spindle 62 opposite groove 5| an operating handle 66 is attached, the same being operv able to manipulate the eccentric portion to lower needle 61A, Fig. 8, into the sound groove on the film. A spring 65 (Fig. 3) is disposed about spindle 62 and is adapted to take up any play or wear occurring between the eccentric portion and the adjacent end of bearing members 64.
Also pivotally mounted on the central rib 46 is a lever 68, see Figs. 2 and 4. This member is supported by a pivot member 69 and a range of movement of about 10 or in a vertical plane is afforded this lever. Laterally extending from the lever 68 are two spindle or shaft-like members H. Integrally formed on the shaft members H at the attaching ends are stub ends, eccentric to the longitudinal axis of the spindles in order that the spindles ll might be adjusted in location with respect to the lever by manipulating the eccentric ends in the lever 68. adjusted position by set screws l3, Fig. 1. Mounted on each spindle is a roller member 1!), held thereon by stop pins M. These rollers are adapted to press the film against the sprocket wheel 2. Spaced circumferential grooves 12 (Fig. 2) are provided about the periphery of each roller to accommodate the teeth of the sprocket 2.
When film is to be introduced into the device so as to pass over the sprocket, the lever 18 is raised sufiiciently to lift the rollers 10 away from the sprocket to permit the insertion of the film.
Also laterally extending from one vertical wall of the upstanding rib 46 is a headed stop member 15 (Figs. 1 and 4) which determines the lowest extent to which the lever 68 descends. When the lever is resting on the stop member, the eccentric mountings of the spindles H are so adjusted that the outer periphery of the rollers is spaced from the periphery of the sprocket wheel just sumciently to permit the passage of the film therebetween.
Lever 68 is controlled by cam 16 mounted upon a shaft 17 which, in turn, is rotatably mounted in a bearing provided in the rib 46. A laterally extending stop member 8| (Fig. 4) limits the downward movement of the cam. Rigidly mounted on the shaft H, on the opposite side of the rib 46, by means of a set screw 19, isan operating lever 18 by means of which the cam '16 is manipulated. Elevation of the lever I8 will elevate the cam 16 which, in turn, elevates the free end of lever 58. The free end of the lever 68 is maintained in engagement with the stop 15 or the cam 16 by means of a'tension spring 80 which also simultaneously serves to maintain the roller members 10 in engagement with the film surface so that the film is properly engaged by the sprocket Wheel.
Mechanism is also provided within the scope of this invention whereby a large number of sound grooveslocated side by side may be recorded on the film and subsequently reproduced therefrom. The structure permitting this includes a lever 84 mounted parallel to and below the base plate A, and pivoted to the base plate by a stub shaft 88 (Figs. 2 and 4) rotatably mounted in a bearing in base plate A and extending through the base plate to the upper side thereof. The free end of the lever 84 has a projection 85 extending upwardly therefrom having mounted thereon a block-like member 86 which contains a bearing for an ad justment maintaining member 81. The end 85 of the lever 84 projects through an arcuate slot 82 in the base plate A. Adjacent the concave side of this slot is a gauge member 83 having suitable indicia marked thereon and also having suitable holes formed therein at regularly spaced intervals The spindles are held in into which the adjustment maintaining member 81 is adapted to be inserted to hold any given adjustment. The adjustment member may be preferably spring-pressed so that its location in any given setting may be assured.
Rigidly mounted on the end of shaft 88 which extends above the base plate A is a hub member 89. Projecting tangentially from the upper end of hub 89 is a finger-like member 90 extending substantially parallel to the lever 84. Mounted substantially parallel to but spaced from the finger 90 is a leaf spring member 90a. Vertically projecting downwardly from the under side of the carriage 52 is a pin 9| which is engaged between the finger 90 and spring 90a, whereby movement of the spring and finger will be directly and accurately transmitted to the pin 9!. By means of this construction the leaf spring presses the pin 9| against the finger 90 and thus takes up any wear that might occur on the pin through long use. It is thus obvious that movement of the projection 85 of lever 84 will be transmitted through pin 9!. Since the ratio of the distance between pin 9| and shaft 88 and the distance between shaft 88 and projection 85 is quite large, being 1 to 6 or 1 to 8, it will be clear that a relatively large movement of the projection 85 will correspondingly transmit a much smaller movement to the pin 9! on carriage 52. Thus it will be seen that the relatively small spacings between the adjusted positions which might be obtained on carriage 52 and correspondingly on the recording head 50 and the pickup head 5| will enable this device to either produce or record from quite a plurality of closely spaced, substantially parallel grooves on the film 9 previously mentioned.
Electrical power is supplied to the device through a plug member 44 located on one end of the casing (Figs. 1 and 4) from whence it is conducted to a switch 45 and then to motor 92 suspended from the underside of base plate A. The mounting means of the motor comprises a plate 93 disposed generally parallel to base plate A and having vertically depending therefrom a somewhat crescent-shaped bracket member 94 in which the motor 92 is 'pivotally mounted on spindle members 95 in such a way as to permit partial rotation of the motor about said spindles. The ends of the spindles are conical in shape and extend into recesses in the motor housing complementary in shape to the ends of the spindles.
Plate 93 is suspended from vertically disposed rods 91 depending from the underside of plate A. Holes are provided'in plate 93 to receive rods 91 about which spiral springs 96 are disposed between the base plate A and plate 93 and between the latter and nuts mounted on the lower ends of rods 97. Suitable rubber shock absorbing members may be substituted for springs 96, if desired.
The main shaft 98 of the motor 92 extends from either end of the motor sufiiciently to accommodate the several elements about to be described. On the end of the motor shaft adjacent the flywheel 4 is mounted a driving pulley 93! adapted to engage the outer rim of the flywheel, the pulley preferably being made of rubber so as to insure eflicient frictional contact with the flywheel. The pulley 89 is resiliently held against the flywheel rim by means of a spring member H l which is attached at one end to a projection extending from the end of the motor adjacent the flywheel (see Figures 4 and 5) and at the other end to a projection extending from the motor mounting plate 93. Due to the yoke structure 94 supporting the motor by means of spindles 95 the motor 92 is adapted to be slightly rotated in the yoke as described above. The spring Ili utilizes the advantage thus afforded by the motor'being pivoted to constantly urge the pulley end of the motor and the pulley 99 toward the rim of the flywheel.
On. the opposite end of the. motor shaft 90 from the pulley 99 is mounted a governor structure of a substantially conventional type, comprising leaf spring members I02 which are disposed substantially'parallel to the motor shaft.
when the motor is idle. These spring members are rigidly attached at one of their endsto a supporting member which is affixed to the shaft 90 and midway oftheir length each spring has attached thereto a circular weight member Ilil.
The opposite ends of the spring members I02 from the ends attached to the supporting member are connected to a plate-like member I00 which serves the functionof a brake disk and the plane of the same is transverse to the axis of the shaft 98. Rigidly mounted on the motor.
casing adjacent the brake disk I00is a supporting plate I08 having a laterally extending arm I09 projecting therefrom and substantially parallel to the motor shaft. The outer end of arm I09 is provided with a bearing which supports shaft I05. ,Rigidly mounted on shaft I05 is a yokelike member I04 which is disposed normally substantially parallel to'brake disk I00. The central portion of yoke I04 is rigidly attached to the shaft I05 so that any movement imparted to the shaft will correspondingly be imparted to the yoke. The outer free ends of the yoke support felt brake shoe members I03' adapted to bear against the brake disk I00.
shaft gains in speed the weight members l0I are As the motor gradually thrown outwardly, thus shortening the distance between the ends of the springs I02, thus urging the brake disk I00 in the direction of the end of the shaft carrying the governor: and against the brake shoe members I03.
Also rigidly mounted on the shaft I05 is a bell crank member I06. One leg of the bell-crank is longer than the other and extends generally parallel to the motor shaft. The second, shorter leg extends substantially perpendicular to the first leg andhas attached to the lower .end thereof a spring member I01. The opposite end of this spring member is attached to the plate I 08.
Such construction constantly pulls the lower, end
of the bell crank toward the plate member 08 and in doing so will likewise urge the yoke 04; carrying the brake shoesfI03 toward the b ke disk I00. Movement of brake shoes in this direction, however, is limj d by means of a threaded stop member I I3 engaging the long arm of the bell crank lever I06. Member IN is supported by a bracket member IIO rigidly mounted to the opposite end of the motor from plate I08 by means of threaded studs 00.. The bracket IIO has a portion extending-parallel to and over the upper portion of the motor casing which supports a threaded bearing portion In through which is threaded the stop member H3. f
The stop member H3 has a knurled head -I I3 rigidly, affixed to its upper end which is above the upper surface of the base plate or mounting member A. Asuitable aperture is provided in the base plate A having sufficient clearance with respect to the stop member II3 that it. not only allows the stop member to pass therethrough but also affords it considerable lateral movement,-
whereby any vibrations of the motor or any movement of the motor due to its being pivoted about the .pinions 95 will not be transmitted to the base plate or any of the structures supported thereby.
Surrounding the aperture in the base plate A p which accommodates the stop member H3 is a disk H5 having graduated indicia thereon, reading in frames per second of the film but any other reading may be indicated thereon suchas revolutions per minute of the motor. Laterally extending from one side of the stop member H3 is a pointer or indicating member I I4 which is adapted to be used in conjunction with the .graduations on the disk member I I5 to properly set the stop member I I3.
By virtue of the foregoing mechanism, the.
principal elements contributing to such elimina-' tion are the mounting of the motor on pinions 95 and supplementary thereto the mounting of the motor supporting plate 93 on either spring or rubber cushion members so as not to transmit vibration to the base plate which, in turn, supports all of the other essential units of me'chanism of the device. In most instances where driving is transmitted from one member to another, the same takes place through either rubber or rubber surfaced pulleys or driving wheels, which tends to eliminate vibration and noise. All surfaces where there is rolling or sliding contact such as the outer rim of the flywheel, the spocket wheel drum, and the friction surface of the brake disk I00 are highly polished and as smooth as it is practical to obtain so as to eliminate any vibrations which would otherwise be due to irregularities in such surfaces. The concentration of most of the weight of the flywheel in the rim thereof tends toassure a uniform angular velocity of the It is also to be noted that the ratio between the diameters of the flywheel and the sprocket member is relatively large, thus affording considwhich would be transmitted to the sprocket member. Similarly, the comparatively lower velocity of the sprocket wheel periphery compared to the flywheel velocity results in a minimum of sprocket wheel noise. In this connection, vibration and the spindle and bearing structure provided at either end of the main shaft 3. The spindle members are ground as near perfectly conical in shape as possible and are hardened to a high degree. Since the bearings of the shaft 3 are located at the very extremity. of each end, a minimum of vibration or wobble will be created or transmitted as a result of any shaft vibration. Similarly, the
' bearing surfaces between the conical spindles and erable reduction in any small variations of speed as might possibly occur at the rim of the flywheel 7 noise is also greatly reduced due to the nature of her while being moved.
Great care is also exercised in the production of the sprocket wheel. The cylindrical portion of the wheel between the two sections is hardened and ground to a polish mirror-like surface, thus affording a perfectly smooth floor on which the recording and reproduction takes place. The dust removing members described above and provided on the members 23 and 24 insure that no foreign particles will be disposed between the film and the mirror surface of the sprocket wheel which might create vibrations if permitted to become disposed between the film and this surface. Also, the film pressure and guide rollers 10 are adapted to be adjusted in order to insure the proper positioning of the film against the mirror-like surface of the sprocket wheel and member 5.
In all of the reeling mechanism driving takes place through rubber or rubber surfaced driving Wheels and coil spring belts which tend to eliminate the transmission of vibrations and noise.
rollers are lowered only the proper distance and no more. Likewise, while being lowered, the end of the lever carrying the rollers is constantly maintained in contact with Another advantageous feature of the above described construction resides in the mechanism for lowering the pick-up mechanism-into contact with the film. This mechanism involves chefly the rotatable eccentric member 6| having the groove therein which cooperates with the centermg arm 61 extending from the pick-up-head.
will take place without any jar or digging the, film.
Numerous other advantages are incorporated in the structure described, which will be obvious to those skilled in the art. Nor is it intended to limit the scopeof this invention to the particular mechanism described, but it is intended to cover by this invention mechanism which might be performing similar functions and accomplishing similar results.
We claim as our invention:
1. In a sound reproducing and recording mechanism, the combination of a stylus and supporting head therefor for use with a record medium; a support for said head and stylus comprising a carriage slidably mounted to position said stylus at a plurality of different transverse positions relative to the path of movement of said record medium, means to move said carriage comprising apivoted lever, means on one end of the lever engaging the carriage to move it in one direction and a second means on the lever rcsiliently engaging the carriage to bias it into engagement with the first mentioned means on the lever, and means on said lever opposite said carriage engaging means by which said lever may be operated. I
2. In a sound reproducing and recording mechanism, the combination of a stylus and supporting head therefor for use with a record medium; a support for said head and stylus comprising a carriage slidably mounted .to position said stylus at a plurality of different transverse positions relative to the path of movement of said record medium, means to move said carriage comprising a pivoted lever, means on one end of the lever-engaging the carriage to move it in one direction and a second means on the lever resiliently engaging the carriage to bias it into engagement with the first mentioned means on the lever, and operating means on said lever opposite said carriage engaging means including means to lock the lever and stylus in adjusted position.
3. In a sound reproducing and recording mechanism, the'combination of a stylus and sup porting head therefor for use with a record medium; a support for said head and stylus comprising a carriage slidably mounted to position said stylus at a plurality of different transverse positions relative to the path of movemen of said record medium, means to move said carriage comprising a pivoted lever, means on one end of the lever engaging the carriage to move it in one direction and a second means on the lever resiliently engaging the carriage to bias it into engagement with the first mentioned means on the lever, operating means on said lever opposite said carriage engaging means including means to lock the lever and stylus in adjusted position, and indicia adjacent the path of the lever operating means.
4. In a sound reproducing and recording mechanism, the combination of a stylus and supporting head therefor for use with a record medium, a support for said head and stylus comprising a carriage slidably mounted to position said stylus at a plurality of different transverse positions relative to the path of movement of said record medium, means to move said carriage comprising a pivoted lever, means on one end of the lever engaging the carriage to move it in one direction and a second means on the lever resiliently engaging the carriage to bias it into engagement with the first mentioned means on the lever, operating means at the opposite end of said lever, said operating means also having locking means associated therewith comprising a spring-pressed pin and a series of cooperating depressions to maintain the pivoted lever and stylus in adjusted position.
5. In a sound reproducing and recording mechanism, the combination of a stylus and supporting head therefor for use with a record medium,
I a support for said head and stylus comprising a carriage slidably mounted to position said stylus at a plurality of difierent transverse positions relative to the path of movement of medium, means to move said carriage comprising a pivoted lever, one end of which is fork-like with one member of said fork resilient, said carriage having a member engaged between the members of said fork, whereby wear between the said record relatively moving parts will be automatically compensated, and operating means on said lever opposite said carriage moving means.
6. In a sound reproducing and recording mechanism, the combination of a stylus and supporting head therefor, for use with a record medium; a support for said head and stylus comprising a carriage slidably mounted to position said stylus at a plurality of different transverse positions relative to the path of movement of said record medium, means to move said carriage. comprising a pivoted lever, means on one end of the lever engaging the carriage to move it in one direction and a second means.on the lever resiliently engaging the carriage to bias it into engagement with the first mentioned means on the lever, operating means at the opposite end of said lever,
the distance between the pivot of the lever and tin carriage engaging end being substantially less than the distance between the pivot and the operating end of the lever, whereby a large movement at the operating end will produce a much smaller movement at the carriage engage ing end, thus permitting very fine adjustments in the movement of the carriage to be effected.
7. In a sound reproducing and recording mechanism, the combination of a stylus and supporting head therefor for use with a record medium, a support for said head and stylus comprising a base plate and a carriage slidably supported thereon to position said stylus at a plurality of difierent transverse positions relative to the path of movement of said record medium, a bearing arranged on said base plate with the bearing aperture extending therethrough, means to move said carriage comprising a lever mounted-in said bearing, said lever having one end projecting from one side of said bearing and arranged on one side of said base plate to operatively engage said carriage, the opposite end of said lever ex-- tending from said bearing and arranged on the opposite side of said base plate from the first end of the lever, the latter end of the lever having operating means whereby the carriage may be moved to difierent adjusted positions.
8. In a sound reproducing and recording mech- 1 said carriage. comprising a lever pivoted in said bearing, means on one end of the lever disposed on one side of said base plate and engaging the carriage to move it in one direction and a second means on the lever resiliently engaging the carriage to bias it into engagement with the first mentioned meanson the lever, the opposite end of said lever extending from said bearing and arranged on the opposite side of said base plate from the first end of the lever, the latter end of the lever having operating means whereby the carriage may be moved to different adjusted positions.'
FERDINAND von MADALER. WILLIAM L. WOOLF.
US130400A 1937-03-11 1937-03-11 Portable sound recording and sound reproducing machine Expired - Lifetime US2173048A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US130400A US2173048A (en) 1937-03-11 1937-03-11 Portable sound recording and sound reproducing machine

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US130400A US2173048A (en) 1937-03-11 1937-03-11 Portable sound recording and sound reproducing machine

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
US2173048A true US2173048A (en) 1939-09-12

Family

ID=22444525

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US130400A Expired - Lifetime US2173048A (en) 1937-03-11 1937-03-11 Portable sound recording and sound reproducing machine

Country Status (1)

Country Link
US (1) US2173048A (en)

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2417651A (en) * 1940-06-14 1947-03-18 Hattie B Kuhlik Sound recording and reproducing machine
US2550826A (en) * 1948-04-05 1951-05-01 Hattie B Kuhlik Anvil for sound recording and reproducing machines
US2568681A (en) * 1943-12-08 1951-09-18 Hattie B Kuhlik Sound recording and reproducing machine
US2914263A (en) * 1954-03-29 1959-11-24 Gen Precision Lab Inc Winding mechanism
US3075457A (en) * 1960-01-29 1963-01-29 Gottscho Inc Adolph Marking apparatus

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2417651A (en) * 1940-06-14 1947-03-18 Hattie B Kuhlik Sound recording and reproducing machine
US2568681A (en) * 1943-12-08 1951-09-18 Hattie B Kuhlik Sound recording and reproducing machine
US2550826A (en) * 1948-04-05 1951-05-01 Hattie B Kuhlik Anvil for sound recording and reproducing machines
US2914263A (en) * 1954-03-29 1959-11-24 Gen Precision Lab Inc Winding mechanism
US3075457A (en) * 1960-01-29 1963-01-29 Gottscho Inc Adolph Marking apparatus

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US2304913A (en) Winding and reeling means for sound recording and reproducing apparatus
US2813686A (en) Magnetic recording apparatus
US3770905A (en) Tracking adjustment for magnetic disc recorder
US2288983A (en) Telegraphone device
US2173048A (en) Portable sound recording and sound reproducing machine
US2351948A (en) Sound recording and reproducing apparatus
US3107279A (en) Transducing apparatus and cartridge therefor having duplicate coaxial reels
US2357033A (en) Pickup feed mechanism for phonographs
US1930544A (en) Sound reproducing device for moving pictures
US2416135A (en) Phonographic apparatus
US2464064A (en) Universal reproducer head mounting
US3023011A (en) Phonographic recording
US2096113A (en) Sound recording and reproducing
US2547725A (en) Means for damping vertical modulations of phonograph recorders
US3074724A (en) Apparatus for positioning recording and recorded sheets on a magnetic recorder and reproducer
US2701718A (en) Apparatus for manipulating endless bands
US2899506A (en) wehmer
US2113256A (en) Film driving mechanism
US1758559A (en) Sound recording and reproducing apparatus
US2237738A (en) Sound translating equipment
US2692141A (en) Constant linear speed phonographic apparatus
US2296870A (en) Sound recording and reproducing
US1947290A (en) Sound recording on motion picture film
US3069510A (en) Sound recording and reproducing apparatus
US3677554A (en) Duplicating apparatus for cassettes